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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Orange and Alexandria Railroad Historical Markers

Now part of Norfolk Southern, this rail line connected Alexandria, Virginia with central Virginia and played an important role in the Civil War.
 
Alexandria Railroads Marker image, Touch for more information
By Allen C. Browne, March 15, 2014
Alexandria Railroads Marker
1Virginia, Alexandria — Alexandria Railroads
Three railroads developed in Alexandria during the mid-19th century, a period of limited industrial expansion for the City. Alexandrians had a invested heavily in the Alexandria Canal which opened in 1843, giving the city access to the rich . . . Map (db m72379) HM
2Virginia, Alexandria — Hooff's Run BridgeAlexandria Heritage Trail
The bridge is one of the last remnants of Alexandria's first railroad, the Orange & Alexandria. The “O&ARR,” as it was commonly called, opened in 1851 and had 148 miles of track in 1860. The bridge was constructed by the railroad as . . . Map (db m99330) HM
3Virginia, Alexandria — Orange & Alexandria Roundhouse
Orange & Alexandria Railroad roundhouse, formerly located near Duke and South Henry Streets. Engine named after Brigadier General Herman Haupt, Chief of Transportation, U.S. Military Railroads during the Civil War. Mathew Brady photograph after . . . Map (db m72622) HM
4Virginia, Alexandria — Wilkes Street Tunnel
The Wilkes Street Tunnel was part of the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, founded in 1848 to promote trade with western Virginia. The Orange and Alexandria inaugurated its track in Alexandria on May 7, 1851 with a run to the north end of Union Street . . . Map (db m72346) HM
5Virginia, Alexandria — Wilkes Street TunnelCity of Alexandria Est. 1749 — Alexandria Heritage Trail —
The Wilkes Street Tunnel was part of the eastern division of the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, founded in 1848 to promote trade with western Virginia. The Orange & Alexandria inaugurated its track in Alexandria on May 7, 1851 with a run from the . . . Map (db m143378) HM
6Virginia (Amherst County), Amherst — The Amherst Depot
The first depot in Amherst (then known as Dearborn) was built in the late 1800s for the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. This depot would be replaced in November 1913 by the Southern Railway when it took over the O&A and expanded its operation in . . . Map (db m179495) HM
7Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Culpeper Court HouseBattle of Culpeper Court House
Following the Gettysburg Campaign, Federal officials sought to verify rumors that a substantial part of Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Confederate army had been detached. On September 13, 1863, Federal cavalry moved down the tracks from your left, under . . . Map (db m8417) HM
8Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — J-6 — John S. Barbour’s Birthplace
Just to the south stood Catalpa, where John Strode Barbour was born on 29 Dec. 1820. In 1849, he was appointed the state’s representative on the board of directors of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. The board elected him president in 1851 and he . . . Map (db m8416) HM
9Virginia (Fairfax County), Burke — E-95 — Silas Burke House
Here lived Lt. Col. Silas Burke (b.1796–d.1854) and his wife, Hannah Coffer. Burke, for whom Burke's Station on the Orange and Alexandria Railroad was named, served as a director of the railroad and the Fairfax Turnpike Company. An innkeeper and . . . Map (db m42) HM
10Virginia (Fairfax County), Clifton — E-101 — Devereux Station
In 1863, during the Civil War, Pennsylvanian Herman Haupt, a noted bridge designer and the superintendent of Union military railroads, commissioned John Devereux, the railroad superintendent in Alexandria, to build a siding on the Orange & . . . Map (db m7402) HM
11Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax Station — Fairfax Station“The angel of the battlefield.”
The first Fairfax Station depot, built by Irish immigrants in 1852, was a stop on the Orange and Alexandria Railroad from Alexandria to Gordonsville. Early in 1862, after Confederate forces withdrew, the railroad carried military supplies and . . . Map (db m885) HM
12Virginia (Fairfax County), Springfield — BW-4 — Orange and Alexandria Railroad
Accotink Park Road lies on the right-of-way of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, which linked markets in northern and central Virginia. Construction began in March 1850, and the line was extended to Manassas in 1851 and to Gordonsville in March . . . Map (db m37511) HM
13Virginia (Fairfax County), Springfield — Orange and Alexandria RRStrategic Target
The Lake Accotink access road here lies atop the original road bed of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, chartered in 1849 to link the port city of Alexandria with Gordonsville in central Virginia. After the war began in 1861, railroads became . . . Map (db m2749) HM
14Virginia (Fairfax County), Springfield — Springfield Station
The first Springfield Station was located on the south side of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad near this location. Built after 1851, when the railroad was completed to Henry Daingerfield's "Springfield Farm," the station was the site of a Civil . . . Map (db m156) HM
15Virginia (Fairfax County), Springfield — The Orange And Alexandria Railroad Trestle
The original bridge crossing Accotink Creek was built in 1851 as part of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. During the Civil War the wooden trestle was an attractive target for Confederate soldiers. In his 28 Dec. 1862 raid on Burke's Station, . . . Map (db m38) HM
16Virginia (Fauquier County), Remington — Rappahannock StationA Rare Night Attack on the River — Mosby’s Confederacy —
The hamlet of Mill View, present-day Remington, became known as Rappahannock Station to the Civil War armies which campaigned in this area. Here the vital Orange & Alexandria railroad (to your left) crossed the Rappahannock River just behind the . . . Map (db m2525) HM
17Virginia (Fauquier County), Warrenton — The TurntableWarrenton, VA - Circa 1939
During the late 1800s, the Orange and Alexandria Railroad built a locomotive turntable at this site. The turntable was the center of rail yard activity, enabling steam engines and their tenders to be reversed for the 8.9-mile return trip to . . . Map (db m151295) HM
18Virginia, Manassas — Jackson's Raid1862
During the summer of 1862, Manassas Junction became a major supply hub for Union armies operating in Virginia, making it a target for the Confederates. On August 27, Confederate General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson unleashed his 24,000 troops on . . . Map (db m143054) HM
19Virginia, Manassas — ManassasA Critical Junction
If you had been here in July 1861, you could have seen Confederate soldiers jumping down from one train after another at the junction half a mile in front of you. The trains were bringing Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's army from the Shenandoah Valley on . . . Map (db m143074) HM
20Virginia, Manassas — Occupation or Liberation
Eight months after their victory at the First Battle of Manassas (five miles north of here), the Confederates abandoned Manassas Junction, burning more than a million pounds of provisions and destroying the railroad line as they left. Days later, . . . Map (db m143053) HM
21Virginia, Manassas — War on the Landscape1861
In the early summer of 1861, preparations for war made Manassas Junction one of the most famous places on earth. The railway junction held great strategic significance for the Confederacy, and the new nation assembled its largest army to defend . . . Map (db m143060) HM
22Virginia, Manassas — Wartime Manassas"Defend that point against an attack"
During the Civil War, two railroads — the Manassas Gap and the Orange and Alexandria — intersected here. Manassas Junction was strategically important to both the Union and the Confederacy as a supply depot and for military . . . Map (db m143093) HM
23Virginia, Manassas Park — Battle of Bull Run Bridge“Let this not become another Bull Run” — Second Manassas Campaign —
In August 1862, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee ordered Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson from the Rappahannock River to keep Gen. John Pope’s and Gen. George B. McClellan’s Union armies from uniting. Jackson marched on Aug. 25, and Lee . . . Map (db m13287) HM
24Virginia, Manassas Park — Battle of Bull Run Bridge"Let this not become another Bull Run" — Second Manassas Campaign —
Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee ordered Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson from the Rappahannock River to keep Gen. John Pope's and Gen. George McClellan's Union armies from uniting. Jackson marched on Aug. 25, and Lee followed the next day with . . . Map (db m173348) HM
25Virginia, Manassas Park — Conner HouseHeadquarters and Refuge
Built of locally quarried sandstone about 1820 and later expanded, the Conner House was used during the Civil War by the Confederacy and then by the United States. After the First Battle of Manassas on July 21, 1861, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, who . . . Map (db m738) HM
26Virginia, Manassas Park — Conner HouseHeadquarters and Refuge
Built of locally quarried sandstone about 1820 and later expanded, the Conner House was used by both sides during the Civil War. After the First Battle of Manassas on July 21, 1861, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, who with Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard had . . . Map (db m173349) HM
27Virginia (Orange County), Orange — Historic Downtown Orange
In 1998, The Orange Commercial Historic District was placed on the National Register of Historic Places and the Virginia Landmarks Register in recognition of the distinctive characteristics of its architecture and its association with events . . . Map (db m170873) HM
28Virginia (Orange County), Orange — F-30 — Orange Train Station
Beginning in 1749, Orange County's successive courthouses have been located just west of here. In 1854, the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, constructed to link Alexandria with central Virginia, reached Orange and a train station was built near here. . . . Map (db m170870) HM
29Virginia (Orange County), Orange — The Orange Railroad DepotThe Orange & Alexandria Railroad — Crossing —
1965 On the snowy evening of February 1, 1965, this railway station was severely damaged when steel girders being carried on three piggybacked trailers of a northbound freight train broke loose and swung to the right as the train rounded . . . Map (db m170705) HM
30Virginia (Orange County), Orange — Welcome to… The Town of OrangeSweet Living, Steady Progress — www.townoforangeva.org —
town history Orange was born as one of Virginia's Court House villages on November 24, 1749, when the Gentlemen Justices of Orange County voted to hold County Court sessions in Timothy Crosthwait's tavern alongside "Swift Run Gap Road," the . . . Map (db m170689) HM
31Virginia (Prince William County), Bristow — Bristoe Station"Twice Baptized"
The Civil War transformed this area. Between 1861 and 1865, thousands of both Federal and Confederate soldiers passed through this region. local road networks allowed soldiers to march rapidly in either direction. While the roads were important, . . . Map (db m143099) HM
32Virginia (Prince William County), Bristow — Bristoe Station Battlefield Heritage Park
Bristoe Station Battlefield Heritage Park is one of Prince William County's most treasured open spaces. This peaceful landscape features over 2.7 miles of walking and equestrian trails. Wildlife abounds in the fields, woods and ponds. Evidence of . . . Map (db m20177) HM
33Virginia (Prince William County), Bristow — Bristoe Station Battlefield Heritage Park
Twice baptized in blood for Liberty's sake, it will be a place to which in after times pilgrimages will be made by those who reverence the glorious, though suffering, past. — Chaplain Joseph Hopkins Twichell, November . . . Map (db m167450) HM
34Virginia (Prince William County), Bristow — Federal Winter Quarter
In the winter of 1863-1864 thousands of Pennsylvania soldiers encamped in the farms and woodlots surrounding Bristoe Station. With easy access to the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, a pair of North-South and East-West roads, and a source of . . . Map (db m151271) HM
35Virginia (Prince William County), Nokesville — A Narrow EscapeEngagement at Kettle Run — Second Manassas Campaign —
In August 1862, Confederate Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson led his command around Union Gen. John Pope's right flank to cut Federal communication lines and pave the way for the rest of Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia to follow . . . Map (db m143103) HM
36Virginia (Prince William County), Nokesville — Early & Gordon at Bristoe StationA Missed Opportunity
After the Gettysburg Campaign, Union Gen. George G. Meade's Army of the Potomac faced Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia across the Rapidan River. In October 1863, Lee attempted to outflank Meade's army and cut the Union . . . Map (db m143101) HM
 
 
Nov. 29, 2021