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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Montgomery AL 36104

 
A County Older Than the State Marker image, Touch for more information
By Lee Hattabaugh, October 1, 2010
A County Older Than the State Marker
GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — A County Older Than the State — Montgomery County — 1816 —
Created by Mississippi Territorial Legislature from lands ceded by Creek Indian Nation in Treaty of Fort Jackson, 1814. Named for Major Lemuel Purnell Montgomery, killed at Horseshoe Bend, 1814, while leading charge on Indian fortifications. . . . — Map (db m36579) HM
2Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — A Mighty Walk From Selma — Montgomery Public Art —
This mural depicts the 54-mile march from the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, Alabama to the State Capitol in Montgomery in March 1965. Demonstrators along the bottom march with leaders of the Civil Rights Movement in the center, including Martin . . . — Map (db m153061) HM
3Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — A Tale of Two Towns — Montgomery, Alabama ~ A City Older Than The State
Following their defeat at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in 1814, the Creek Indians ceded millions of acres to the U.S. government. Within the cession, two rival towns soon sprang up on the south bank of the Alabama River's "Big Bend": New . . . — Map (db m143118) HM
4Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Abram Mordecai / Mordecai's Cotton Gin
Side 1 Abram Mordecai 1755-1849 Born October 24, 1755 in Pennsylvania; settled 1783 in Georgia where he became a successful trader among the Cusseta Indians. First U.S. citizen to settle (1785) in what became Montgomery County. . . . — Map (db m71357) HM
5Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Alabama Confederate Monument — 1861-1865 — Consecrated to the memory of the Confederate Soldiers and Seamen. —
North/Navy Side "The seamen of Confederate fame startled the wondering world: for braver fight was never fought, and fairer flag was never furled." Anon. West/Cavalry Side "The knightliest of the knightly race who since the . . . — Map (db m86060) HM
6Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Alabama Governor's Mansion — Built 1907
For almost the first century of statehood, Alabama's governors lived in private homes or hotels while in office. In 1911 the state acquired the Moses Sable home on South Perry Street for the governor's residence. Lined with fine houses, Perry was . . . — Map (db m25413) HM
7Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Alabama Highway Patrol
At this location the Alabama Highway Patrol was commissioned by Governor Bibb Graves Jan. 10, 1936 — Map (db m36638) HM
8Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Alabama River: The Grand Avenue
Twelve miles above Montgomery the Coosa and Tallapoosa rivers unite to form the Alabama which meanders over four hundred miles on its way to Mobile Bay. This river has played major role in region's history, being a thoroughfare for Native Americans, . . . — Map (db m26591) HM
9Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Alabama State University / Tatum Street
Side 1 Alabama State University The Early Years Founded in 1867, the Lincoln School in Marion, Alabama became the first state-assisted normal school for African Americans in 1874. The school prospered in that location for 13 . . . — Map (db m71345) HM
10Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Alabama War Veterans Monument
Dedicated to the gallant war veterans from the State of Alabama whose magnificent valor was shown in all wars — Map (db m84305) WM
11Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Alabama's First Capitals / The Alabama State Capitol
Alabama's First Capitals On March 3, 1817, Congress designated the town of St. Stephens on the Tombigbee River north of Mobile as capital of the newly formed Alabama Territory. There in 1818, the territorial legislature named Huntsville as the . . . — Map (db m86063) HM
12Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — 10 — An Intersection of History: Court Square — Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail
At the intersection of Commerce Street and Dexter Avenue, Court Square is arguably the most historic location in America. As the center of 19th century Southern economic and political power, Montgomery's Court Square was host to a massive slave . . . — Map (db m91736) HM
13Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Aurelia Eliscera Shines Browder — Civil Rights Pioneer
Side 1 Aurelia Eliscera Shines Browder was born January 29, 1919, in Montgomery, Alabama. She graduated with honors in 1956 from Alabama State Teachers College (now Alabama State University). In April 1955, Browder's refusal to give up . . . — Map (db m71349) HM
14Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Bernard Whitehurst and the Whitehurst Case / Montgomery: Learning From the Past
(side 1) Bernard Whitehurst and the Whitehurst Case On December 2, 1975, Bernard Whitehurst was shot to death by a police officer in Montgomery, Alabama. He died behind a house on Holcombe Street, running from police officers . . . — Map (db m69366) HM
15Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Black Members of the Alabama Legislature Who Served During The Reconstruction Period of 1868-1879
1868-1869: Senate: Benjamin F. Royal, Bullock; House: Benjamin Alexander, Greene; James H. Alston, Macon; Samuel Blandon, Lee; John Carraway, Mobile; George Cox, Montgomery; Thomas H. Diggs, . . . — Map (db m46414) HM
16Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Brigadier General Birkett Davenport Fry, CSA / Colonel B.D. Fry at Battle of Gettysburg
(side 1) Brigadier General Birkett Davenport Fry, CSA Born Virginia; educated VMI and West Point; fought in Mexico; practiced law in California; married Alabamian whose family owned the Tallassee cotton mill; served as general in . . . — Map (db m86065) HM
17Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Centennial Hill
This neighborhood evolved around historic First Congregational Church established through the American Missionary Association (AMA) October 6, 1872, by Pastor George Whitfield Andrews. In 1867 the AMA and the Freedmen's Bureau, headed by General . . . — Map (db m86067) HM
18Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Charles Oscar Harris Family Home — 813 Adams Avenue — African American Community Leader —
Side 1 Charles O. Harris was born in Tuskegee, Alabama, on August 5, 1852. He attended Oberlin College in Ohio. Later, in 1870, he became one of the first students at Howard University in Washington, D.C. Returning to Alabama during . . . — Map (db m155110) HM
19Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Chris’ Hot Dogs — Established In 1917
Greek immigrant Christopher Anastasios Katechis opened Chris’ Hot Dogs on May 1, 1917, at 138 Dexter Avenue. Until the 1960’s, Chris offered curb service for its hot dogs, leading to long lines of cars cued for service. The hot dogs featured Chris’ . . . — Map (db m103243) HM
20Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — City of Montgomery / Court Square
City of Montgomery Two small villages, New Philadelphia, founded by Massachusetts lawyer Andrew Dexter in 1817, and East Alabama, established by Georgians led by John Scott in 1818, united in 1819 to form Montgomery, named for Revolutionary hero . . . — Map (db m86068) HM
21Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Civil Rights Freedom Riders — May 20, 1961
On May 20, 1961, a group of black and white SNCC members led by John Lewis left Birmingham for Montgomery on a Greyhound bus. They were determined to continue the "Freedom Ride" from Washington, D.C. to New Orleans that had met with violence in . . . — Map (db m71256) HM
22Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Civil Rights Freedom Riders — Montgomery, Alabama
The Freedom Rides It was a ride meant to awaken the heart of America to the injustice of its own laws and traditions. Freedom Rider John Lewis The 1961 Freedom Riders did not begin or end their journey in . . . — Map (db m164163) HM
23Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Civil War - Barnes School / Figh-Pickett House
(side 1) Civil War-Barnes School In April 1865, the Union Army command made this house its headquarters. Mrs. Pickett hid her silver on an inside ledge of the cupola. Later, former Confederate Generals Hood, Bragg, and Walker . . . — Map (db m86072) HM
24Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Civil War Medicine / Montgomery's Confederate Hospitals
Side A During the War Between the States medical knowledge was primitive. As a result, twice as many men died of disease than in battle from wounds. Early in the War, childhood diseases such as measles, mumps and chicken pox decimated entire . . . — Map (db m36495) HM
25Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Clement Clay "Bo" Torbert, Jr. — Twenty-Fifth Chief Justice — 1977-1989 —
A native of Opelika, Alabama, he is the son of Clement C. Torbert and Lynda Meadows Torbert. He was educated in the Opelika public schools. He attended the United States Naval Academy and received his B.S. Degree from Auburn University in 1951. He . . . — Map (db m86073) HM
26Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Confederate Military Prison / Civil War Military Prisons
Side 1 Confederate Military Prison Near this site, from mid April to December 1862, a Confederate military prison held, under destitute conditions, 700 Union soldiers, most captured at Shiloh. They were imprisoned in a foul, . . . — Map (db m71369) HM
27Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Confederate States of America (CSA) Post Office Department
In February, 1861, delegates from six of the seven seceding southern states met in Montgomery to establish the government of the CSA. Newly elected President Jefferson Davis named J.H. Reagan of Texas as Postmaster General. Reagan established the . . . — Map (db m71242) HM
28Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Court Square Fountain — 1885
Placed by the City over Artesian Basin and crowned by Hebe, Goddess of Youth and Cup-bearer to the Gods. Fountain was cast by J.L. Mott Iron Works of New York. Restored by Robinson Iron of Alexander City in 1984 during the administration of Mayor . . . — Map (db m36501) HM
29Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Decorative Lions Heads — 1907-1978
These decorative terra cotta lions heads, typical of the ornamentation used in commercial style architecture in the early part of the 20th century, were utilized by the First National Bank of Montgomery on the cornice of their 12 story building from . . . — Map (db m36646) HM
30Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Dexter Avenue — Formerly Market Street
This street was named to honor Andrew Dexter one of the founders of Montgomery Along this street moved the inaugural parade of Jefferson Davis when he took the oath of office as President of the Confederate States of America February 18, 1861 . . . — Map (db m36589) HM
31Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Dexter Avenue King Memorial Baptist Church — Organized 1877
The second black Baptist Church in Montgomery. First pastor was Rev. C. O. Boothe. Present structure built 1885. Designed by Pelham J. Anderson; built by William Watkins, a member of the congregation. Many prominent black citizens of Montgomery . . . — Map (db m25128) HM
32Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Dr. J. Marion Sims
This tablet marks the site of the office and infirmary of DR. J. MARION SIMS Here, in 1845, he performed the first closure of a vesico-vaginal fistula with wire suture, using a pewter spoon as speculum. This operation made him famous throughout the . . . — Map (db m36576) HM
33Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Elijah Cook / City of Montgomery v. Rosa Parks
Elijah Cook Educator, Businessman, Lawmaker Born a slave in Wetumpka in 1833, Elijah Cook became a leader in Montgomery’s African American community. Credited with helping to establish the city’s first school for blacks in the basement . . . — Map (db m69222) HM
34Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Encanchata
Here at the Indian village of Encanchata, future site of Montgomery, Col. John Tate, last British agent to the Muscogee Nation, recruited and drilled Creek warriors in 1780 to relieve Tories in Augusta, Ga. being besieged by American patriots. — Map (db m71373) HM
35Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Ernest C. “Sonny” Hornsby — Twenty-Sixth Chief Justice — 1989-1995 —
Born in Montgomery, Alabama, he is the son of Ernest Arnold Hornsby and Kate Clayton Hornsby. A 1955 graduate of Tallassee High School, he received his B.A. Degree from Auburn University and his Juris Doctor Degree from the University of Alabama . . . — Map (db m69338) HM
36Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — First Baptist Church — (Brick-A-Day Church)
Organized in 1866, this pioneering congregation grew out of First Baptist Church, now on Perry Street, where early parishioners had worshipped as slaves. The first building, facing Columbus Street, was erected in 1867. Nathan Ashby served as first . . . — Map (db m36499) HM
37Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — First Baptist Church
Side 1: Founded November 29, 1829, with four charter members. English-born Lee Compere, a missionary to the Creek Indians, was the first pastor. Services initially were held monthly in a building shared by other denominations. In 1833, the . . . — Map (db m71251) HM
38Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — First White House of the Confederacy
Designated Executive Residence by the Provisional Confederate Congress February 21, 1861. President Jefferson Davis and his family lived here until the Confederate Capital moved to Richmond summer 1861. Built by William Sayre 1832-35 at Bibb . . . — Map (db m7581) HM
39Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Flame of Freedom
Honoring Alabama * War * Veterans Erected in commemoration of the 50th Anniversary of the American Legion Department of Alabama March 15,1969 — Map (db m69308) WM
40Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Fred David Gray — Civil Rights Attorney and Legislator / Advocate for Victims and History
Side 1 Born in 1930 in Montgomery, Gray was among the foremost civil rights attorneys of the 20th century. Forced by segregation to leave Alabama to attend law school, he vowed to return and "destroy everything segregated I could find." . . . — Map (db m80842) HM
41Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — General Charles Graham Boyd
This historical marker is given in honor of General Charles Graham Boyd and the other brave Americans, living and dead, who as prisoners of war, at times enduring the most brutal treatment imaginable, loved their country and kept . . . — Map (db m81751) HM
42Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — General Richard Montgomery Statue
The town of Montgomery, formed on December 3, 1819, through the joining of New Philadelphia and East Alabama, is named for Major General Richard Montgomery, who was the first American general officer killed in America's war for independence. Richard . . . — Map (db m142117) HM
43Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Georgia Gilmore — February 5, 1920 - March 3, 1990
Georgia Gilmore, cited as a “solid energetic boycott participant and supporter.” Lived in this house during the days of the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Once arrested on a bus, Gilmore was ardent in her efforts to raise funds for the Movement . . . — Map (db m28197) HM
44Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Governor Jones House
Thomas Goode Jones, governor of Alabama from 1890-1894, occupied this house during his long political career which took him from the Montgomery City Council to a federal judgeship. During his two terms as governor, his home was the Executive Mansion . . . — Map (db m36585) HM
45Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Governor Shorter House — 503 S. Lawrence St.
Residence of Civil War Governor John Gill Shorter, 1861-63. A strong supporter of Confederacy, Shorter built up defenses of state during war. Growing "Peace Movement" led to his defeat for re-election 1863. House acquired by Jacob Greil 1878. . . . — Map (db m74386) HM
46Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Hall Street Baptist Church — Montgomery County
In 1903, forty community members organized Hall Street Baptist Church. Rev. James Brannon served as the first pastor. The church played an integral role in Centennial Hill's history and culture and shone as a beacon for those fighting for Civil . . . — Map (db m158668) HM
47Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Harris House
Front Between May 20-24, 1961 Dr. Harris opened this home to a group of 33 students from Nashville, Tennessee, who were challenging interstate bus segregation. Known as the Freedom Riders, the group was attacked at the historic Montgomery . . . — Map (db m86119) HM
48Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Here Stood Mrs. Rosa Parks — Mother of the Civil Rights Movement
Commemorating the centennial Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Incorporated Here stood Mrs. Rosa Parks Mother of the Civil Rights Movement and honorary member of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. where she boarded the Montgomery . . . — Map (db m85986) HM
49Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — High Red Bluff — (Chunnanugga Chatty in Creek Indian Language)
Also called Hostile Bluff or Thirteen Mile Bluff, this spot located in a deep bend of the Alabama River was once the key to the Southeast and a strategic point in Colonial days. The first steamboat, the Harriet, arrived at this point in 1821, and . . . — Map (db m86120) HM
50Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Historic Chappell House — Circa 1850
One of Montgomery's last pre-Civil War cottages, this structure occupies the site of General John Scott's 1817 pioneer settlement, "Alabama Town." The columned entrance stoop shows how the Greek Revival style influenced smaller houses as well . . . — Map (db m95139) HM
51Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — History of the Alabama State Bar
On December 13, 1878, a meeting was held in Montgomery for the purpose of forming a bar association, and on January 15, 1879, delegates from each county met for five days at a preliminary conference in the Hall of the House of Representatives. The . . . — Map (db m86121) HM
52Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — House of the Mayors
Built in the 1850's for Jack Thorington, mayor of Montgomery from 1838-39, this House has also been the home of Mordecai Moses, mayor in the late 1870's, and Joseph Norwood who had been mayor of Fort Deposit before coming to Montgomery. Moses owned . . . — Map (db m71226) HM
53Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Howell Thomas Heflin — Twenty-Forth Chief Justice — 1971-1977 —
A native of Tuscumbia, he was the son of Reverend Marvin R. Heflin and Louise D. Strudwick Heflin. He was a graduate of Colbert County High School, Birmingham Southern College, and the University of Alabama School of Law. He was a past President of . . . — Map (db m69336) HM
54Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — James Edwin Livingston — Twenty-Third Chief Justice — 1951-1971 —
A native of Notasulga in Macon County, Alabama, he was the son of Mrs. Stella Elizabeth (Burks) Livingston and Mr. James Cooper Livingston of Macon County. Chief Justice Livingston attended the public school of Macon County and Alabama . . . — Map (db m86123) HM
55Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Janney Foundry Co. — 1844     1928
Munitions of war furnished by this foundry to the Confederate States of America 1861 — 1865 — Map (db m101746) HM
56Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Jefferson Davis — June 3, 1808 - December 6, 1889 — Soldier Scholar Statesman —
A graduate of West Point Military Academy, he served the United States as Colonel of Mississippi Volunteers, Mexican War; member of House of Representatives, Senator, and as Secretary of War. Inaugurated President of the provisional government, . . . — Map (db m155530) HM
57Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — John Allan Wyeth — M.D., L.L.D.
. . . — Map (db m36639) HM
58Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Johnnie R. and Arlam Carr, Sr. Home
This home was originally owned in 1901 by Emily V. Semple. It changed hands several times until purchased by Flora K. Daniels and Arlam and Johnnie R. Carr, Sr. The Carrs moved into this residence in 1943. They resided here during the 1955 . . . — Map (db m71265) HM
59Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Jonathan Coggswell Farley / Montgomery's First Election
Side A Jonathan Coggswell Farley 1798-1864Farley acquired two lots on this site in 1817. Here he built both the town's first frame store and first frame two-story building, his house. In Farley's store, an election was held January 3, 1820 . . . — Map (db m86124) HM
60Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Josiah Morris — 1818-1891
Had his bank on this site 1852-1891. He helped finance Montgomery's business, railroads and industry. Here on Dec. 19, 1870, he bought 4150 acres of land and deeded them to the Elyton Land Co. which later was platted, and on his motion named the . . . — Map (db m36648) HM
61Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — 9 — Judge Frank M. Johnson: Judicial Fairness in the Age of Segregation — Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail — Molton and Montgomery Streets —
Following two attempted marches from Selma in 1965 civil rights leaders turned to the federal courts for legal protection prior to the Selma To Montgomery March. Federal District Court Judge Frank M. Johnson, Jr., appointed by President . . . — Map (db m91321) HM
62Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Juliette Hampton Morgan / Montgomery City-County Public Library
(side 1) Juliette Hampton Morgan Juliette Hampton Morgan was a white Montgomery, Alabama librarian whose privileged upbringing seemed unlikely to produce the determined civil rights activist that she became. Her letters to the . . . — Map (db m71258) HM
63Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Kahl Montgomery/Catoma Street Church of Christ
(side 1) Kahl Montgomery Jewish citizens organized in 1846; Kahl (Congregation) Montgomery chartered April 12, 1852. New Orleans philanthropist Judah Touro willed $2,000 as nucleus for temple building fund. Property acquired 1858. . . . — Map (db m86125) HM
64Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Knox Hall
Designed by Stephen Decatur Button, Knox Hall built in the 1840's by William Knox, a native of Ireland who settled in Montgomery in 1830's. Knox founded Central Bank of Montgomery which made first loans to Confederate government. House . . . — Map (db m71250) HM
65Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Korean War — 1950 ~ 1953
Front Our Nation Honors People Who Answered the Call To Defend a Country They Never Knew And People They Never Met 'Remember Forever" (In Hanguk - yeong-wonhi gieog hari) Reverse United Nations . . . — Map (db m94927) WM
66Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Ladies Memorial Association
To the Ladies Memorial Association formed in this auditorium April 1866 for the purpose of ministering to the living Confederate soldier and to keep in remembrance his high principles and heroic deeds. . . . — Map (db m71277) HM
67Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Lomax House, 1848
Built by James J. Gilmer. Purchased by Reuben C. Shorter, 1849, for his wife, Caroline A.V. Billingslea, who later married Tennent Lomax, captain and governor of Orizaba, Mexican War colonel, 3rd Ala. Infantry Regt., CSA, killed at Battle of Seven . . . — Map (db m86128) HM
68Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Lower Dexter Park
History Happened Here The City of Montgomery built this public park on one of the lots occupied by the Montgomery Fair Department Store. Rosa Parks was an assistant to the tailor for Montgomery Fair. On December 1, 1955, Mrs. Parks . . . — Map (db m121435) HM
69Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Lucas Tavern — Early 19th century
Located on the Federal Road near Line Creek (present Waugh) in eastern Montgomery County, this wayside hotel was built prior to 1818 and was owned by a least two other families before coming into the possession of Walter and Eliza Lucas around . . . — Map (db m98557) HM
70Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Lucas Tavern / Lafayette
Lucas Tavern Stood four hundred yards north of this point Lafayette Spent the night here April 2, 1825 — Map (db m71358) HM
71Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Lucien Dunbibben Gardner — Twenty-Second Chief Justice — 1940-1951 —
A native of Troy, Lucien Dunbibben Gardner graduated with a Bachelor of Science Degree, from the State Normal School at Troy in 1894. He earned his Bachelor of Arts Degree from The University of Alabama and graduated from the Law Department in 1897. . . . — Map (db m69333) HM
72Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Major Charles W. Davis, Infantry United States Army / "Above and Beyond"
Major Charles W. DavisA native of Montgomery, graduate of Lanier, alumnus of the Universities of Alabama and Maryland. Major Davis was awarded the Medal of Honor as Executive Officer, 2d Battalion, 27th Infantry Regiment, 25th Infantry Division. . . . — Map (db m86129) HM
73Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Major Lemuel Purnell Montgomery — 1786 - 1814
Brilliant lawyer, valiant soldier, in whose honor Montgomery County, Alabama was named — Map (db m94029) HM
74Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Marching On — Montgomery Public Art —
Marching On celebrates the journey and transformation of the thousands of marchers who made the arduous journey from Selma to Montgomery peacefully protesting for equal voting rights. The polished stainless steel is a remnant of the steel . . . — Map (db m152650) HM
75Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Marquis de Lafayette
On this site stood, until December 1899, the house in which Marquis de Lafayette was given a public reception and ball, April 4, 1825, while on his last tour through the United States. This tablet is placed by the Society of the Sons of the . . . — Map (db m70727) HM
76Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Maxwell Air Force Base and the Air University
The Air Force presence in Montgomery, Alabama began in April 1918 with the establishment of the U.S. Army Air Service's Aircraft and Engine Repair Depot #3 at the same site as the earlier Wright Brothers' flying school. On November 8, 1922, the . . . — Map (db m146981) HM
77Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Maxwell Air Force Base/Air University — (Located to West off Bell Street)
In 1910, Wilbur and Orville Wright opened a flying school on the Kohn plantation west of Montgomery where for three months they trained aviators and made history with the first night flight. Today, Maxwell AFB, home of the Air University, the Air . . . — Map (db m146978) HM
78Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Minister's Home / Dr. Martin Luther King — Dexter Avenue King Memorial Baptist Church
Side A House built circa 1912. It has been the home of the ministers of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church since 1919. Its most famous occupant, Dr. Martin Luther King, lived here from Sept. 1954-Feb. 1960. During this time he led the Bus Boycott . . . — Map (db m86132) HM
79Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Montgomery
After Horseshoe Bend defeat, Creeks ceded millions of acres to United States. Cotton was in great demand. This area ideal for crop which is still planted on peninsular across river. In 1817, lands went on sale. Andrew Dexter, Massachusetts lawyer, . . . — Map (db m61802) HM
80Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Montgomery and Electricity / Hydroelectricity in the River Region
Side 1 Montgomery and Electricity Gaslights in 1854, electric lights in 1883 and the electric trolley in 1886 made Montgomery a state leader in applying modern technology for lighting and motive power. Steam was used first for . . . — Map (db m71367) HM
81Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Montgomery Area Chamber of Commerce — The Forefront of Montgomery's Future
Side A The first American Chamber of Commerce was organized in New York City in 1770. The Montgomery Chamber was organized in 1873. Thomas Joseph was its first President. The Alabama State Journal stated at its founding, "Montgomery . . . — Map (db m36568) HM
82Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Montgomery City Hall / Funeral for Hank Williams
(Front) Built 1936-37 Following a fire in 1932 that destroyed a 19th century City Hall, architect Frank Lockwood designed a replacement for the same site. With the Depression affecting all construction projects during the period, the . . . — Map (db m36571) HM
83Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Montgomery County Circuit Court / Sit-Ins and Marches at the Montgomery County Courthouse
Montgomery County Circuit Court Site of Major Civil Rights Cases 1956-1960 In 1956, 89 persons were indicted for violating an anti-boycott law; Rosa Parks' conviction was appealed; the Montgomery Improvement Association car . . . — Map (db m94925) HM
84Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Montgomery County Korean War Veterans
In grateful memory of the men and women of Montgomery County who fought for God and country on the field of honor in the Korean War They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old: age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn. At the going . . . — Map (db m36578) WM
85Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Montgomery County World War II Monument
Respectfully dedicated to the memory of the men and women of Montgomery County who made the supreme sacrifice in World War Two.   1941—1945 Around the circular monument On Land, On Sea, and in the Air They Died That . . . — Map (db m94929) WM
86Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Montgomery Freemasonry
Side 1 Freemasonry is a fraternal order which promotes a spirit of brotherhood, devotion to family, and service to God and country. Local Masonic Lodges and affiliated organizations, such as the Eastern Star, Scottish and York Rite . . . — Map (db m71374) HM
87Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Montgomery Racial Segregation on Buses
On multiple occasions in 1955, black women were arrested for challenging Montgomery's law requiring racial segregation on buses. The arrest of Rosa Parks sparked a mass protest that launched the modern civil rights movement and brought to prominence . . . — Map (db m118040) HM
88Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Montgomery Theatre
Opened in Oct. 1860 as the South moved closer to secession, the theatre was significant in the social, cultural and political life of the city. In the early months, John Wilkes Booth performed here, Bryant Minstrels introduced "Dixie," which was . . . — Map (db m36572) HM
89Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Montgomery’s Slave Markets / First Emancipation Observance - 1866
Side A The city’s slave market was at the Artesian Basin (Court Square). Slaves of all ages were auctioned, along with land and livestock, standing in line to be inspected. Public posters advertised sales and included gender, approximate . . . — Map (db m28187) HM
90Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Montgomery's Panel Project
Montgomery's Cotton Slide The history of Montgomery Panel Project is place on top of the remains of Montgomery's Cotton Slide. The Cotton Slide was used to transport heavy cotton bales from the streets above to the waiting steamboats below. . . . — Map (db m78145) HM
91Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Montgomery's Slave Depots/Montgomery's Slave Traders
(side 1) Montgomery's Slave Depots Montgomery slave traders operated depots where enslaved men, women, and children were confined. The slave depots functioned as active trading sites and as detention facilities where the enslaved . . . — Map (db m71227) HM
92Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Murphy House
Greek Revival Home built, 1851 by John H. Murphy, cotton broker and an incorporator and director of the Montgomery Water Works Company, chartered 1854. Union Army Provost Marshal's Headquarters 1865. Elks Club 1902-1967. Restored by Montgomery . . . — Map (db m36569) HM
93Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Naming the City of Montgomery / Brigadier General Richard Montgomery
Naming the City of Montgomery Montgomery named for Richard Montgomery, first American general killed in the Revolutionary War. In 1819, the Alabama Legislature combined New Philadelphia and East Alabama to form Montgomery. Walter B. . . . — Map (db m69297) HM
94Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Native Americans
Several cultures have occupied this region including Woodland, Mississippian and, later, Muskogeans. Called "Creeks" by Europeans, the latter made their homes along banks of streams. A loose confederation of tribes, Creeks developed a . . . — Map (db m146977) HM
95Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Naval Heroes of the War of 1812 — Dexter Avenue, Montgomery, Alabama
Side 1 The six streets which cross Dexter Avenue between Court Square and the State Capitol are named for Oliver Hazard Perry, James Lawrence, Thomas Macdonough, Issac Hull, Stephen Decatur and William Bainbridge, all naval officers of . . . — Map (db m99545) HM
96Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Office of Dr. Luther Leonidas Hill — Office Site of Dr. J. Marion Sims
(Side A):Office of Dr. Luther Leonidas HillThis early 20th-century building was office of Dr. L.L. Hill who, in 1902, performed first open heart surgery in the Western Hemisphere when he sutured stab wound in young boy's heart. A . . . — Map (db m86413) HM
97Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Old Oakwood Cemetery
The city cemetery was begun by donations of land from Andrew Dexter in 1817 and from General John Scott in 1818. Dexter and Scott had founded separate villages which combined to form Montgomery in 1819. The early part of the graveyard was known as . . . — Map (db m36496) HM
98Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Old Ship A.M.E. Zion Church
This congregation was organized by the Court Street Methodist Church in the early 1850s. The latter group offered their 1835 wood frame building to the black members if they would relocate it. In 1852 the church was moved to this site under the . . . — Map (db m72170) HM
99Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Ordeman House Museum
Built on this site by architect Charles Ordeman in 1852-1853, this upscale townhouse exemplifies the newly fashionable Italianate style, with its bracketed overhanging roof cornice and asymmetric door placement. A showcase for modern design in its . . . — Map (db m71394) HM
100Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Professor John Metcalfe Starke / Starke University School
Side A Professor John Metcalfe Starke "Fessor Starke" 1860-1941A native of Virginia, John Metcalfe Starke received his early education in Petersburg and graduated from the University of Virginia in 1882, earning diplomas in Latin and . . . — Map (db m86421) HM

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Feb. 27, 2021