“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Henrico County, Virginia

Clickable Map of Henrico County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Henrico County, VA (310) Charles City County, VA (65) Chesterfield County, VA (215) Goochland County, VA (33) Hanover County, VA (275) New Kent County, VA (57) Powhatan County, VA (26) Richmond Ind. City, VA (467)  HenricoCounty(310) Henrico County (310)  CharlesCityCounty(65) Charles City County (65)  ChesterfieldCounty(215) Chesterfield County (215)  GoochlandCounty(33) Goochland County (33)  HanoverCounty(275) Hanover County (275)  NewKentCounty(57) New Kent County (57)  PowhatanCounty(26) Powhatan County (26)  Richmond(467) Richmond (467)
Adjacent to Henrico County, Virginia
    Charles City County (65)
    Chesterfield County (215)
    Goochland County (33)
    Hanover County (275)
    New Kent County (57)
    Powhatan County (26)
    Richmond (467)
Touch name on list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — HC-5 — American Legion Post 244
World War I and II veterans organized the Glen Allen American Legion Post 244 in 1946. Sheppard Crump, a member of the First Caucus of the American Legion and later the Adjutant General of Virginia was the first Commander. Dr. Alexander McLeod, . . . Map (db m25364) HM
2Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — HC-41 — Anderson Cemetery
Anderson Cemetery, circa 1867, is one of the earliest African American cemeteries in the Yellow Tavern area. William Kennedy, clerk of Mount Olive Baptist Church, formed the Sons of Jacob, a fraternal organization which pledged “to attend . . . Map (db m115642) HM
3Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — Battle of Yellow TavernWyndham Virginia Crossings Hotel & Conference Center
On May 11th, 1864, 12,000 Union troops under the command of General Philip Sheridan faced 4,000 Confederate cavalrymen commanded by General J.E.B. Stuart. After a day of intense fighting, Sheridan attacked on the high ground and successfully took . . . Map (db m155547) HM
4Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — Box CarFreight Service
In the early years of operation, RF&P railroads derived little revenue from its freight service. Most goods were transported by river and then by wagon. After the Civil War, the railroad was joined with others to form a national system. . . . Map (db m25372) HM
5Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — CabooseNo. 904
The first Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad (RF&P) cabooses were wooden construction built as early as 1904. Over the years, they were modified to keep them in service or sold. The RF&P purchased its first modern, all steel . . . Map (db m25373) HM
6Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — HC-15 — Coal Pit School
The African-American school most likely took its name from the nearby Springfield Coal Pits. The one room school established about 1905 was once supervised by Virginia Estelle Randolph, the eminent black educator. It had forty-six students by 1913. . . . Map (db m27100) HM
7Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — Courtney Road Service StationThe Birth of Modern Automotive Services
Before there were gas stations, motorists would get a drum of fuel from an industrial depot, bring it home, and store it. Soon after, consumers got their gasoline at the blacksmith shops and hardware and grocery stores. Still others received . . . Map (db m24597) HM
8Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — HC-28 — Courtney Road Service Station
The 1920s were the boom years for construction of gas stations in the United States due to an increase of cars, improved roads and low gas prices. By 1929, there were 143,000 "filling" stations across the nation. Many were built in the "House with . . . Map (db m36266) HM
9Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — Echo LakeA Place to Meet, A Sense of Community
Echo Lake was formed in the mid-19th century from Meredith Branch a 3.5-mile between Broad Street and the Chickahominy Swamp. During the late 1800s, the lake powered a flour mill. Echo Lake earned its name because you could hear your voice echo when . . . Map (db m27099) HM
10Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — Forest LodgeOpulence in Glen Allen
John Cussons built Forest Lodge as a resort along the Richmond, Fredericksburg, & Potomac Railroad where it intersects with Mountain Road in Glen Allen. The luxurious hotel had 125 rooms and stood six stories high. It took six years to build and was . . . Map (db m24601) HM
11Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — HC-29 — Forest Lodge Belvedere
This Belvedere, meaning "beautiful view" was one of three Forest Lodge towers. Forest Lodge, constructed in the 1880s by Captain John Cussons, was a six-story hotel on 1000 acres in Glen Allen, west of the railroad tracks. Cussons created gardens, a . . . Map (db m36268) HM
12Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — E-10 — Glen Allen
Called Mountain Road Crossing when rail service began in 1836, the settlement which came to be known as Glen Allen took its name from the homestead of a local landowner, Mrs. Benjamin Allen. Its most noted resident was Captain John Cussons, a native . . . Map (db m15821) HM
13Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — HC-1 — Glen Allen Baptist Church
The Reverend Alexander Sands organized the Glen Allen Baptist Church on February 23,1868. The Congregation first met in a rose arbor nearby belonging to Mrs. Susan Sheppard Allen. On July 4,1868, the new church held a feast and raised $400 to build . . . Map (db m24568) HM
14Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — HC-12 — Glen Allen School
In 1886, Elizabeth Jane Holladay established the first Glen Allen School when she began teaching children in her home. In 1899, the school was moved to a one-room building on Mountain Road. It was relocated to Old Washington Highway in 1911. . . . Map (db m24570) HM
15Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — John CussonsA Pioneer and Entrepreneur
John Cussons, the son of John and Elizabeth (Jackson) Cussons, was born in Hornscastle, Lincolnshire, England in 1838. His adventurous spirit led him to America in 1855 and he spent four years in the Northwest living with the Sioux Indians. In . . . Map (db m24599) HM
16Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — Liberty Golden Eagle
Rededicated this day, June 11, 2012 to the men and women of the US Armed Force who have sacrificed so much in the defense of liberty. Cast in bronze and copper, gilded in 24k gold, the Liberty Golden Eagle proudly soars atop Jefferson Hall, a . . . Map (db m133725) WM
17Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — HC-39 — Maybelle Carter Family Residence
In 1947 the Maybelle Carter family bought the home at 4101 Old Springfield Road here in Glen Allen, Virginia. They performed on local radio stations WRNL-WRVA and the Old Dominion Barn Dance while living in the Richmond area. The daughters . . . Map (db m115643) HM
18Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — Meadow FarmThe Road to Yellow Tavern
Union Gen. Philip Sheridan used the Mountain Road during his 1864 raid toward Richmond. His lengthy column of 12,000 horsemen passed here on the morning of May 11. The troopers spread out to destroy many miles of railroad track at Ashland, Allen’s . . . Map (db m15819) HM
19Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — EA-1 — Meadow Farm
The land comprising Meadow Farm was first patented by William Sheppard in 1713. In 1800, Sheppard family slaves thwarted plans for a well-organized slave uprising known as Gabriel's Insurrection. The farmhouse was built in 1810. Dr. John Mosby . . . Map (db m15820) HM
20Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — HC-31 — Mercer Hugh Cosby Farm
Significant for its ownership by one African-American family dating back to the late 1800s, Mercer Hugh Cosby built the farmhouse in the 1880s on 52-acres. He grew tobacco and had an orchard on the property. The farm passed to his youngest son . . . Map (db m64014) HM
21Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — HC-36 — Mount Olive Baptist Church
This church, originally known Mount Olivet African Church of Baptist, was founded May 2, 1867. Its founding congregants, wanting their own church, moved from local North Run Baptist Church and began meeting on 1.18 acres nearby. As the first . . . Map (db m115644) HM
22Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — Mount Olive Baptist Church
This church, originally known Mount Olivet African Church of Baptist, was founded May 2, 1867. Its founding congregants, wanting their own church, moved from local North Run Baptist Church and began meeting on this 1.18 acres site.Map (db m115646) HM
23Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — EA-5 — Mountain Road
Mountain Road was originally an Indian trail. It became the main thoroughfare from Richmond to Charlottesville in the 1700s. During the American Revolution, the Marquis de Lafayette traveled this road on his march to Yorktown. Thomas Jefferson used . . . Map (db m15822) HM
24Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad Company
The Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad (RF&P) ran from Richmond to Washington, D.C. With only 113 miles of track, it was one of the shortest in the nation but it was the link between the North and the South. Train service existed 157 years . . . Map (db m28944) HM
25Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — HC-2 — Shady Grove United Methodist Church
A group of neighbors, meeting in a cooper shop near the present site, organized a church in 1852. With five dollars, they purchased one acre of land from the estate of Thomas Maxwell and erected the first building in 1855. It was used as a school . . . Map (db m25360) HM
26Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — HC-7 — Sheppard and Baker's Grant
The Sheppard's Way subdivision was part of the original 400 acre land grant made to William Sheppard and Richard Baker in 1713. They obtained it through the "Headrights System" by paying for the passage of eight people from England to the Virginia . . . Map (db m24569) HM
27Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — HC-34 — Springfield School
African-American students attended this two-room 1920s structure. It was one of approximately 22 schools under the supervision of the pioneer educator, Virginia E. Randolph. Multiple grades were taught with students ranging in age from seven to . . . Map (db m64015) HM
28Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — Steel CoachNo. 522
The Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation built this all-steel coach in 1923. This coach was later modernized and included features such as air conditioning, double-glazed metal windows, cable curtains, and rotating reclining seats with adjustable . . . Map (db m28945) HM
29Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — U.S. Railway Post Office Car
Government regulations required Railway Post Office cars in 1910. The RF&P owned five. American Car & Foundry built this one in 1916. Some of the first steel cars were postal cars. They were important revenue sources for the railroad. The . . . Map (db m28946) HM
30Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — W-221 — Virginia Estelle Randolph
The daughter of parents born in slavery, Virginia Randolph (1874-1958) taught in a one-room schoolhouse beginning in 1892. A gifted teacher, she became in 1908 the nation's first Jeanes Supervising Industrial Teacher, a position sponsored by the . . . Map (db m25365) HM
31Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — EA-2 — Walkerton
Constructed in 1825 for John Walker on Mountain Road, once a major route between Richmond and the western Piedmont of Virginia, Walkerton served as a tavern in 1828 and 1829. Since that time it has been a hotel, store, voting precinct, and private . . . Map (db m15823) HM
32Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — EA-6 — Wickham's Line
In the first phase of the Battle of Yellow Tavern on 11 May 1864, Brig. Gen. Williams C. Wickham and his Confederate cavalry were posted just south of this location below Old Francis Road. Wickham's men fired on Brig. Gen. George A. Custer's Union . . . Map (db m15848) HM
33Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — A Place of Refuge
The Crew house and its outbuildings soon became one of the battlefield's most recognizable features. Little is known of the family that lived here during the war other than that they did not remain inside the home during the battle. However, Union . . . Map (db m71462) HM
34Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — A Splendid Field of Battle
Union commanders chose an ideal location to fight their last battle of the Seven Days. As many as 40 cannon covered the one-half-mile front, stretching from the slopes of Crew’s Run on your left to a similar drop to Western Run on your right. Nearly . . . Map (db m34705) HM
35Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — Advantages of Terrain
Today, heavy woods have replaced the vast rolling wheat fields upon which the armies fought. Timber also hides the steep slopes and jagged ravines that shielded the flanks of the Union position. The rough terrain forced most of the Confederates to . . . Map (db m29441) HM
36Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — Battle Commences
A march of less than three miles from the Glendale battlefield brought the Confederates to this spot at the foot of Malvern Hill. In earlier times it was a peaceful landscape, but on July 1 a line of Union artillery with infantry supports held the . . . Map (db m15200) HM
37Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — Battle of GlendaleCharge of the 69th Pennsylvania Infantry — 1862 Peninsula Campaign —
(sidebar) In April 1862, Union forces under Gen. George B. McClellan began a major campaign to capture Richmond, marching west from Fort Monroe up the Peninsula between the York and James rivers toward the Confederate capital. A Confederate . . . Map (db m32291) HM
38Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — Battle of Malvern Hill TrailRichmond National Battlefield Park
The battle of Malvern Hill is best remembered for the series of bold and bloody charges launched here by the Confederate army on July 1, 1862. This one and one-half mile trail offers hikers an opportunity to follow in the footsteps of some of the . . . Map (db m14918) HM
39Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — Battlefield Burials
The depressions to the right of the trail probably represent former graves of Confederate soldiers. The dead of both armies received hasty battlefield burials. Most were disinterred after the war, with the Union dead going to Glendale National . . . Map (db m29393) HM
40Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — Battlefield Landscape
Photographs taken during and shortly after the war help us to understand, preserve and rehabilitate the battlefield landscape. In the 1880’s a photographer recorded a series of views of Malvern Hill to accompany Civil War articles published in . . . Map (db m15201) HM
41Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — 21 — Battlefield of Malvern Hill
Against the Federals holding this eminence, the Confederates delivered repeated assaults from the North on July 1, 1862 and lost about 5,000 men in the final, indecisive Battle of the Seven Days’ Campaign. That night McClellan withdrew to Harrison's . . . Map (db m14227) HM
42Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — Confederate Attacks Stall
General Couch found the uneven terrain in this section of the Union position less favorable for artillery. He chose to push his infantry well forward of the guns, placing brigades under Abercrombie, Howe, and Palmer on this ground to prevent the . . . Map (db m29232) HM
43Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — Confederate FutilityUnion Cannon Devastate the Confederates — Malvern Hill Battlefield - Richmond National Battlefield Park —
Confederate attacks reached their final fury just before sunset. "The men would rush forward as they were urged," recalled a North Carolinian, "and then it seemed as though the whole line would sway back as a field of corn would before a wind." When . . . Map (db m29428) HM
44Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — 16 — Frazier's Farmor Glendale Battlefield
Here, on the Charles City Road, the Confederate forces of Major General Benjamin Huger in their attempt to intercept the Federal withdrawal to the James opened with artillery the Battle of Frazier's Farm, June 30, 1862.Map (db m14215) HM
45Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — 17 — Frazier's Farmor Glendale Battlefield
North and South of this point lay the line of battle in which the Confederate commands of James Longstreet and A.P. Hill engaged indecisively the Federal forces in the Fourth Battle of the Seven Days’ Campaign. This spot marks the furthest Federal . . . Map (db m14216) HM
46Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — 18 — Frazier's Farmor Glendale Battlefield
Here, the Confederate line of Longstreet's Division crossed this, the Long Bridge Road. Southeasterly one-quarter mile occurred the fiercest encounter, in which the Federal forces under McCall were forced to retire at nightfall June 30, 1862.Map (db m14222) HM
47Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — Freeman Marker
This is one in a series of 61 markers erected beginning in 1925 to identify the battlefields around Richmond. The tablets were the work of the Battlefield Markers Association, a group of historians committed to commemorating the Richmond . . . Map (db m14283) HM
48Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — PA-159 — Glendale (Frayser’s Farm)
In this vicinity, the Union Army of the Potomac made a stand on 30 June 1862, during its retreat from the Chickahominy River toward the James River. Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan posted several Union divisions facing east and north to protect this . . . Map (db m15058) HM
49Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — Historic Farm Road
The armies fought the Battle of Malvern Hill across several very large and productive farms. That agricultural landscape helped shape the course of the battle. Stacks of recently harvested wheat offered feeble shelter to men of both sides. Farm . . . Map (db m120551) HM
50Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — Malvern Cliffs
The view from here illustrates the power of the Union position atop Malvern Hill. Late in the afternoon of July 1, two Confederate brigades attacked across the treeless flat terrain below. Union guns in the Crew yard and elsewhere pounded the . . . Map (db m84882) HM
51Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — 22 — Malvern HillConfederate Assault
Up the face of this ridge and through the meadow to the left J.B. Magruder's troops charged the Federal positions on the crest, around the Crew House, July 1, 1862. D.H. Hill's charge was to the right, on both sides of the Willis Church Road.Map (db m14229) HM
52Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — Malvern Hill
Malvern Hill is the story of Confederate infantry against massed Federal artillery – Southern valor against Union firepower. Late in the afternoon of July 1, 1862, blasts from Union cannon blanketed this field with smoke. Residents of . . . Map (db m15204) HM
53Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — Malvern HillDay Seven of the Seven Days — Malvern Hill Battlefield - Richmond National Battlefield Park —
Before you stood the Union rearguard, on Malvern Hill. Here, McClellan's line atop the plateau was only 875 yards wide. Confederate batteries were to soften the position prior to the infantry assault, but the Federal artillery proved superior. As . . . Map (db m29394) HM
54Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — 20 — Methodist Parsonage
The residence of the Methodist minister, situated near this spot, was a landmark of the Battle of Malvern Hill and was directly in the line of advance of D.H. Hill's division southward against the Federal positions around the Crew house. July 1, . . . Map (db m14225) HM
55Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — OutgunnedBattle of Malvern Hill
General Robert E. Lee hoped that a crossfire of Confederate artillery directed against the crest of Malvern Hill might silence the powerful array of Union guns and clear the way for an infantry charge. Generals Longstreet and Jackson established . . . Map (db m29399) HM
56Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — V-51 — Pvt. Benjamin B. Levy22 Feb. 1845 - 20 Jul. 1921
Benjamin B. Levy, a young Jewish volunteer, received the Medal of Honor on 1 Mar. 1865, one of the first Jews so recognized. He entered service in the 1st New York Infantry in New York City on 22 Apr. 1861. During the Battle of Glendale (Frayser's . . . Map (db m120553) HM
57Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — Richmond BattlefieldMalvern Hill
The Battle of Malvern Hill was the last in the weeklong series of engagements in 1862 known as the Seven Days battles. General George B. McClellan's Union army, having been maneuvered away from its base at White House Landing east of Richmond, . . . Map (db m29225) HM
58Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — 15 — Riddell's Shop
West and Southwest, distant one-half mile lies the Battlefield of Glendale or Frazier's Farm, where the Confederate divisions of Longstreet and A.P. Hill on June 30, 1862, attacked and forced the withdrawal of Federal troops covering McClellan's . . . Map (db m14214) HM
59Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — PA-230 — Seven Days BattlesMalvern Hill
Across the hill here from east to west the Union artillery was in position in the afternoon of July 1, 1862. The Union batteries overpowered the few cannon the Confederates were able to bring up. When the Southern infantry charged from the woods, . . . Map (db m14909) HM
60Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — PA-235 — Seven Days BattlesMalvern Hill
Across the road here stretched the Union line of battle in the afternoon of July 1, 1862. Couch’s, Kearney’s and Hooker’s divisions were to the east of the road, Morell to the west, with Sykes in reserve. The Confederates made several attacks and, . . . Map (db m14911) HM
61Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — PA-195 — Seven Days BattlesMalvern Hill
Across the road here stretched the Confederate line of battle, facing south, in the afternoon of July 1, 1862. Jackson commanded here, Magruder to the west. Longstreet and A. P. Hill were in reserve the battle lasted intermittently. From morning to . . . Map (db m14920) HM
62Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — PA-220 — Seven Days BattlesMalvern Hill
Here from east to west, Berdan’s sharpshooters of Morell’s division were strung out in the afternoon of July 1, 1862. Their rapid and accurate fire harassed the Confederates as they emerged from the woods and charged up the hill.Map (db m14931) HM
63Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — PA-180 — Seven Days BattlesMalvern Hill
Here Lee met Longstreet and Jackson in the morning of July 1, 1862. D. H. Hill reported the strength of the Union position on Malvern Hill; but Lee, having cause to believe the Unionists were weakening, prepared to attack. Jackson and D. H. Hill . . . Map (db m15076) HM
64Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — PA-190 — Seven Days BattlesGlendale (Frayser’s Farm)
This was the extreme left of the Union line at Glendale, and was held by Hooker’s Division. When McCall (just to the north) was broken, Hooker, supported by Burns’s brigade, drove the Confederates back. In the night the Union army marched southward.Map (db m15077) HM
65Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — PA-175 — Seven Days’ BattlesGlendale (Frayser’s Farm)
Willis Church Road runs from here to Malvern Hill. A large part of Union Gen. George B. McClellan’s Army of the Potomac followed this road south toward the James River, four miles ahead, near the end of the Seven Days’ Battles in 1862. On 30 June, . . . Map (db m15061) HM
66Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — The Battle of Malvern HillStonewall Jackson’s Men Threaten the Union Right
“There was no cessation or diminution yet of the enemy’s fire – musketry here – which swept the field to such an extent that it was difficult to believe anything could escape unhurt.” - Lt. McHenry Howard, . . . Map (db m14923) HM
67Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — The Battle of Malvern HillAdvance of the Excelsior Regiments
“We reached the field; here were wounded men and the dead, but we heeded them not. We relieved the 7th New York Regiment and poured in a hot fire; still they kept the field, men falling all round, but our only thought was to fire as fast as . . . Map (db m14927) HM
68Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — The Battle of Malvern HillCouch Defends the Union Right
Although the best known fighting on July 1, 1862, occurred across the road to the west, half of the battlefield is situated here, in front of the West House. Union infantrymen of General Darius Couch’s division occupied the far forward slope of . . . Map (db m15209) HM
69Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — The Confederate High Water Mark
You have reached the farthest point to which any organized Confederate infantry advanced on July 1. Two simple wooden structures stood within this cleared area. They are thought to have housed the slaves working the Crew farm. During the twilight . . . Map (db m29436) HM
70Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — The Crew House
The Crew House -- also known during the war as Dr. Mellert's -- is a key landmark of the battlefield. In 1862, numerous outbuildings were located close to the house, and a small orchard stood nearby. The original house burned in the 1870's, and this . . . Map (db m29442) HM
71Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — The Last DayMalvern Hill – 1862
July 1, 1862 Porter positions artillery seemingly hub to hub across this half-mile crest. In front, fields slope down to woods and swamp – a tough place to form a charge. As Confederates launch disjointed assaults, Federal cannon like . . . Map (db m14922) HM
72Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — The Malvern Hill Crest
Looking back to the north, you now share the view of the Union artillerists. Remember that their guns stretched all the way across the hill in front of you. Today only eight guns represent where at least thirty stood during the battle. On several . . . Map (db m29440) HM
73Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — The West House
Sitting atop Malvern Hill only feet from the roaring line of Union cannon, the West House became an instant battlefield landmark. The original house dated from approximately 1831, but was rebuilt decades after the Civil War. The current structure is . . . Map (db m15197) HM
74Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — Twilight Action
Stonewall Jackson’s wing of the Confederate army joined in the action just before darkness. Some of his infantry advanced on this side of the road, toward Malvern Hill’s crest. Broken and disoriented formations of Confederate infantry blocked their . . . Map (db m15199) HM
75Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — Union Firepower
Steep terrain on both flanks of the Union line funneled the Confederate attackers into the face of 29 Union cannon lining this ridge. Six 12-pounder Napoleon guns of Company A, 5th U.S. Artillery, fired from near this spot. During the afternoon of . . . Map (db m15198) HM
76Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — Union Reserves
Around 15,000 men and the artillery of General Samuel Heintzelman’s Union Third Corps occupied this long stretch of open fields before you. They did not come under direct assault, but did supply reinforcements to the front line. The farm silo you . . . Map (db m15206) HM
77Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — 19 — Willis' Church
This edifice, which gave its name to the road McClellan followed from Glendale in his withdrawal toward James River, was used as a field hospital by the Confederate troops after the Battle of Malvern Hill. July 1, 1862.Map (db m14224) HM
78Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — Willis Church ParsonageThe Confederates Move Toward Malvern Hill — Malvern Hill Battlefield – Richmond Nat'l Battlefield Park —
Frustrated by his failure at Glendale, Robert E. Lee gathered his army on July 1, 1862, for a final effort to destroy the Union army. But on this day, unlike his previous efforts during the Seven Days, Lee did not have a Union flank or a strung-out . . . Map (db m14916) HM
79Virginia (Henrico County), Granville — V-4 — Malvern Hill
Nearby stood the Malvern Hill manor house built for Thomas Cocke in the 17th century. The Marquis de Lafayette camped here in July-August 1781, and elements of the Virginia militia encamped nearby during the War of 1812. During the Civil War, 1 July . . . Map (db m9603) HM
80Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — "Madness"
Around 5:00 p.m. the Confederate attack began when Colonel John B. Gordon’s Alabama brigade emerged from the woods behind you. Over the next three hours 15 Confederate brigades marched into a maelstrom of iron and lead. Union artillery blasted the . . . Map (db m46919) HM
81Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — "The Big Guns Spoke"
This 1865 photograph shows the terrain over which the successful Union assault was made. Note the stumps where trees were removed to open a field of fire for the Confederate gunners. Your present location is in the right center of the photograph. . . . Map (db m34711) HM
82Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — “the grandest sean of all”
Beginning just after 4:00 pm and continuing into darkness, charging Confederate infantry made repeated assaults up these gentle slopes. In several places those attacks came within point-blank range of the Union lines. This ground is such a place. . . . Map (db m49261) HM
83Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — 48th Alabama Regiment Monument
This monument is dedicated “To the 48th Alabama Regiment Darbytown Road-August 16, 1864 Where it lost five-sixths of its men and four-fifths of its officers, and captured more prisoners than its total, and did not lose a . . . Map (db m66150) HM
84Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — A Battlefield Landmark
The Thomas J. West house stood as a prominent part of the battlefield scene—a goal for attacking Confederates and a landmark along the Union line. Most of the fresh Federal troops marching to the front on July 1 moved past this house, coming . . . Map (db m46916) HM
85Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — A Unique Photograph
On November 28, 1864, photographer T.C. Roche stood atop the Great Traverse, behind you, and took this remarkable photograph. He produced a rare unposed view of Union and Confederate fighting men in the field, seen together while at war. A . . . Map (db m85467) HM
86Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — HC-44 — Aggy's Freedom Suit
An African American woman, known only as Aggy, was enslaved at Ryland Randolph's Turkey Island plantation at the time of his death in 1784. Randolph's will provided for freedom and support for Aggy and her children, but the administrators of his . . . Map (db m166524) HM
87Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Artillery’s Terrible Effect
Malvern Hill is barely 900 yards wide here at its narrow crest, leaving room for only a small number of the nearly 200 cannon available to the Union army on July 1. The defenders placed between two and three dozen pieces of artillery across the hill . . . Map (db m46917) HM
88Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Battle of Trent's Reach
In a daring attempt to attack the Federal supply base at City Point, 11 warships of the James River Squadron ventured downriver on the night of January 23, 1865. Confederate land batteries fired against Fort Brady as the darkened warships steamed . . . Map (db m164238) HM
89Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — HC3 — Bethlehem Baptist Church
In 1828, nine people organized a Sunday school in a log schoolhouse, five miles from the Richmond City limits. Students from the Virginia Baptist Seminary, now the University of Richmond, helped it become the Bethlehem Baptist Church. The church . . . Map (db m25610) HM
90Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Bombproof
This photograph was made in late fall 1864 within feet of where you now stand. Note the casual posture of these Union soldiers, despite the fact that Confederates were less than 700 yards away. As active operations gave way to winter routine, . . . Map (db m32931) HM
91Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Braving the Fire
The Union attacking force paused briefly to reorganize in the low ground behind you. Then, defying heavy infantry and artillery fire, they lunged toward the steep earth walls of Fort Harrison. From a sketch by noted artist, William Waud. Some of . . . Map (db m84993) HM
92Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Building Fort Burnham
After capturing Fort Harrison on September 29, men of the 18th Corps concentrated on enlarging the break they had created in the Confederate defenses. Corps commander General E.O.C. Ord fell wounded as some units pushed south toward Fort Hoke. . . . Map (db m32932) HM
93Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — HC-38 — Captain Thomas Harris(1586-1658)
Captain Thomas Harris came to the Jamestown Colony from England in May 1611 on the ship Prosperous with Sir Thomas Dale. In 1635, a patent was issued to Harris for 750 acres. In 1636 this property was called Longfield and later was known as Curles. . . . Map (db m91557) HM
94Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — HC-21 — Chatsworth School
Chatsworth School was built circa 1915 as a one-room schoolhouse for the black children of the Antioch Community. Chatsworth was one of approximately twenty black schools in Henrico County supervised by the visionary educator, Virginia E. Randolph. . . . Map (db m25489) HM
95Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Chief Powhatanc.1540 to 1618
He was called Wahunsonacock. The paramount chief of 30 tribes that inhabited over 6000 square miles of Virgini's coastal lands. The father of Pocahontas and the authority who dealt with the first Jamestown colonists. He will always be remembered as . . . Map (db m111935) HM
96Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Confederate Counterattack
General Robert E. Lee deplored the loss of Fort Harrison and made immediate efforts to recapture it. Lee himself accompanied a large body of reinforcements from Petersburg on September 29. The next afternoon he threw five veteran brigades, numbering . . . Map (db m85482) HM
97Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Confederate Futility
The Confederate plan called for dozens of cannon to gather here and on the Poindexter Farm, nearly a mile to the east (your left). Their combined fire, directed at the Union batteries atop Malvern Hill, would clear the way for an infantry assault up . . . Map (db m49259) HM
98Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Confederate Trenches
Confederate troops, aided by slave labor, built these earthworks between 1862 and 1864. By September 1864, over 100 miles of defensive fortifications protected Richmond against attack. After several unsuccessful attempts, Union troops captured Fort . . . Map (db m34716) HM
99Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — V-3 — Curles Neck and Bremo
Curles Neck may take its name from the curls of the river or a family of that name. Richard Cocke, the Immigrant, patented land along the James River on the eastern side of the neck in 1636. There he built Bremo, the seat of the Cocke family for six . . . Map (db m9243) HM
100Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — HC-18 — Deep Run Baptist Church
Founded here in 1742, Deep Run Baptist Church was established as an Episcopal chapel. Modeled after St. John's Church in Richmond, it was constructed in 1749 with wooden pegs and beams that remain part of the present structure. During the . . . Map (db m25361) HM

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May. 12, 2021