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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Ross County, Ohio

 
Clickable Map of Ross County, Ohio and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Ross County, OH (74) Fayette County, OH (32) Highland County, OH (36) Hocking County, OH (30) Jackson County, OH (55) Pickaway County, OH (45) Pike County, OH (19) Vinton County, OH (18)  RossCounty(74) Ross County (74)  FayetteCounty(32) Fayette County (32)  HighlandCounty(36) Highland County (36)  HockingCounty(30) Hocking County (30)  JacksonCounty(55) Jackson County (55)  PickawayCounty(45) Pickaway County (45)  PikeCounty(19) Pike County (19)  VintonCounty(18) Vinton County (18)
Chillicothe is the county seat for Ross County
Adjacent to Ross County, Ohio
      Fayette County (32)  
      Highland County (36)  
      Hocking County (30)  
      Jackson County (55)  
      Pickaway County (45)  
      Pike County (19)  
      Vinton County (18)  
 
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Ohio, Ross County, Alma — Ross County Underground Railroad / The Underground Railroad — Historic Underground Railroad Site —
On Ohio Route 23 at Stoney Creek R0ad (Ohio Route 372), on the right when traveling north on State Route 23.
The first known attempt to assist a runaway slave in Ross County was recorded in 1815, when local residents assisted a slave to safety in Franklin County. Quakers, the Presbyterians and African Americans were the principal participants who . . . Map (db m146892) HM
2Ohio, Ross County, Bainbridge — Anatomy of a Mound — Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Near U.S. 50, 0.1 miles west of Dill Road, on the left when traveling west.
Seip-Pricer Mound—the second largest known Hopewell mound—evolved through a sequence of events starting with the building of an oblong, multi-room mortuary building nearly 2,000 years ago. Ceremonial leaders cremated bodies . . . Map (db m166834) HM
3Ohio, Ross County, Bainbridge — Ancient Artists — Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On U.S. 50, 0.1 miles west of Dill Road, on the left when traveling west.
Our view of the Hopewell's world is often focused on the dead, because many uncovered artifacts are from burial mounds, But here at these four subtle plots is rare archaeological evidence of the Hopewell living. Archaeologists post-hole . . . Map (db m166833) HM
4Ohio, Ross County, Bainbridge — Ceremonial Center — Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On U.S. 50, 0.1 miles west of Dill Road, on the left when traveling west.
About 2,000 years ago a massive geometric earthwork was built here. Composed of a square and two circles, the earthwork served as a ceremonial center. One centrally located mound-excavated and reconstructed in the early 20th century-is still . . . Map (db m166832) HM
5Ohio, Ross County, Bainbridge — Home of General Nathaniel Massie — Built 1800, One Fourth Mile South
On U.S. 50, 0.5 miles west of State Route 41, on the right when traveling east.
Nathaniel Massie, born Goochland County, Virginia, December 28, 1763, 1800 married Sarah Everard Mead, died November 13, 1813. Revolutionary soldier; surveyor of wilderness then known as Northwest Territory and locator of Revolutionary War . . . Map (db m58110) HM
6Ohio, Ross County, Bainbridge — Last Battle in the Scioto Country
On U.S. 50, 0.5 miles east of Local Highway 30, on the right when traveling east.
One-half mile south east of this marker was Reeves Crossing on Tod's Trace, where in the summer of 1795 the last battle in the Scioto country was fought between the whites under General Nathaniel Massie and the Shawnee Indians. The white explorers . . . Map (db m55410) HM
Paid Advertisement
7Ohio, Ross County, Bainbridge — Ohio's Protector — Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Near U.S. 50, 0.1 miles west of Dill Road, on the left when traveling west.
No part of our country is so rich in per-historic remains...as Ohio. While other States have preserved their own mementos, Ohio has allowed her fields to be…despoiled.... Ohio Archaeological and Historical . . . Map (db m166831) HM
8Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — A Cannon Captured from the British in Revolutionary War. — Moyock, N. C. May 9, 1908
On West 5th Street west of South Paint Street (Ohio Route 772), on the left when traveling east.
Maj. Wh. Poland, Treas. Park Comm., Chillicothe, O. Dear sir: the cannon sent you for Yogtangee Park was captured from the British under Lord Dunmore at the Battle of Great Bridge, Va. Dec. 9 1775; The Americans being under command of John . . . Map (db m213173) HM WM
9Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — A Replica of Ohio's First Capitol
On Main Street (U.S. 50), on the right when traveling east.
This building, erected in 1940, is a replica of Ohio's first capitol. The stone below and the one beneath the opposite bronze plaque were taken from Ohio's first state house, erected in 1800 - the same year in which the Chillicothe Gazette was . . . Map (db m14650) HM
10Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — A Stone
On East Main Street (U.S. 50) west of North Paint Street, on the right when traveling west.
A stone from Ohio's first capitol erected on this site A.D. 1800Map (db m202500) HM
11Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — 10-72 — Abrams' Big House
On Walnut Street at 2nd Street, on the left when traveling north on Walnut Street.
With the Division Act of 1800, the U.S. Congress divided the Northwest Territory at a line essentially the present boundary of Indiana and Ohio. The Indiana Territory stood west of the line. The name Northwest Territory was retained for the land . . . Map (db m14627) HM
12Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Arthur St. Clair's Headquarters
On Water Street at Mulberry Street, on the left when traveling east on Water Street.
Gen. Arthur St. Clair First Governor of the N.W. Territory, had his headquarters here, 1800 - 1802Map (db m14666) HM
13Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — 11-71 — Banking Crisis of 1819
On Paint Street at 2nd Street, on the right when traveling west on Paint Street.
[Marker Front]: To provide direction and stability to the economy, Congress created the nation's largest lending agency in 1816, the Second Bank of the United States. Branch banks were established around the country, two of them in . . . Map (db m14630) HM
Paid Advertisement
14Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — 6-71 — Birthplace of Lucy Ware Webb Hayes / Lucy Webb Hayes, 1831 - 1889
On 6th Street at Walnut Street, on the right when traveling east on 6th Street.
Side A: Birthplace of Lucy Ware Webb Hayes First Lady Lucy Ware Webb Hayes was born in this four-room Federal Vernacular house in 1831. Well educated for her time, she attended local schools, took classes in the preparatory department of Ohio . . . Map (db m14655) HM
15Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — 9-71 — Burton Egbert Stevenson
On Paint Street, on the right when traveling south.
[Marker Front]: Born in Chillicothe in 1872, Burton Stevenson's life was devoted to the written word as a prolific author and anthologist, and as a librarian. Following stints as a journalist while a student at Princeton University and then . . . Map (db m14683) HM
16Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — 8-71 — Camp Bull
On High Street (Ohio Route 104), on the right when traveling north.
Situated on land owned by Thomas Worthington, Camp Bull was a stockade constructed in this vicinity to confine British prisoners of war during the War of 1812. When Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry defeated the British fleet on Lake Erie on September . . . Map (db m14631) HM
17Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — 7-71 — Camp Sherman
On Ohio Route 104, on the left when traveling north.
Side A: The United States declared war on Germany in April 1917. Largely through the efforts of Chillicothe attorney John Poland, the War Department selected Chillicothe as the site of an army training camp for inductees from Ohio, West . . . Map (db m14640) HM
18Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Camp Sherman Memorial Park — In Memory Of
On Ohio Route 104, on the left when traveling north.
The thousands of men who during 1917-1918 became soldiers here under the training of Maj. General Edwin F. Glenn of the 83rd Division and in other units. . . The thousands of men who under the guidance of A. Bentley & Sons of Toledo, Ohio, in two . . . Map (db m14641) HM
19Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Casualties of War — Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — Mound City Group —
Near Ohio Route 104, 0.2 miles north of Moundsville Road, on the right when traveling north.
In June 1917, the War Department took possession of the Mound City Group mounds. With President Woodrow Wilson's commitment to fight Germany in World War I, the nation needed places to train its troops. As 2,000 buildings were feverishly . . . Map (db m166826) HM
20Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Ceremonial Places — Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On Ohio Route 104, 0.3 miles north of Moundsville Road, on the right when traveling north.
Archaeology is the science of decoding what ancient people left behind, The pattern of holes found in the ground here represents the decoding of one of the most distinctive traditions of the Ohio Hopewell, the construction and use of . . . Map (db m166829) HM
Paid Advertisement
21Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Chillicothe — Corporation Limit Marker
On Charleston Pike / East Main Street (U.S. 50) at U.S. 23/35, on the right when traveling east on Charleston Pike / East Main Street.
First Capital of Ohio 1803-1810, 1812-1816.Map (db m159670) HM
22Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Chillicothe — Corporation Limit Marker
On North High Street (Ohio Route 104) at Tri-County Triangle Trail, on the right when traveling south on North High Street.
First capital of Ohio 1803 - 1810 1812 - 1816Map (db m200832) HM
23Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Chillicothe — Capital of the Northwest Territory and First Capital of Ohio
On North Paint Street near East Main Street (U.S. 50), on the left when traveling north.
The state of Ohio was made possible by the treaty of Paris, 1783, which made the great lakes the northern boundary of the new United States. In 1787 congress established the Northwest Territory, dedicated to freedom and public education, with . . . Map (db m202501) HM
24Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Court House Renovation
On Main Street (U.S. 50), on the left when traveling east.
In testimonial and public recognition of the renovation and restoration of the Probate and the Juvenile Divisions of the Common Pleas Court, the Ross County Bar Association memorializes and commends the Board of County Commissioners of Ross County, . . . Map (db m14661) HM
25Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Cultural Influences of Chillicothe and Ross County
Near Paint Street at Water Street.
(Marker 1, Native Americans) During the course of Chillicothe’s history many diverse groups have come to inhabit the area with the earliest being the Native American as early as the late 1600's. During the American Revolution, the Shawnees . . . Map (db m14644) HM
26Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Cultural Transitions — Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — Mound City Group —
On Ohio Route 104, 0.3 miles north of Moundsville Road, on the right when traveling north.
Mound 1, covered with trees in the woods before you, is much the way Squier and Davis found Mound City's earthworks in 1846. By 1,500 years ago the high ceremony of the Hopewell culture had declined. They stopped building large ceremonial . . . Map (db m166830) HM
27Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — 13-71 — Dard Hunter
On Highland Avenue, on the left when traveling east.
This classic Gothic Revival home built in the early 1850s, was one of Ohio's early wineries with terraced hillside vineyards overlooking the city of Chillicothe. From 1919 until his death in 1966, it served as the home and working studio of noted . . . Map (db m14656) HM
28Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Donald E. McHenry — 1935 - 1990 — Surveyor - Engineer —
On Main Street, on the right when traveling west.
City Engineer 1964-1971 President of the Rotary Club 1975-1976 Member of the Medical Center Construction Board Member of Community Improvement Corporation Advisor to Chillicothe-Ross Library Board Chairman of Chillicothe Streetscape . . . Map (db m14664) HM
29Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Effigy Pipes — Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — Mound City Group —
Near Ohio Route 104, 1.7 miles north of U.S. 35.
Although small and rather ordinary, this mound (Mound 8) contained a remarkable find. Nearly 200 pipes-mostly broken-were discovered here. Skillfully carved from stone, the pipes faithfully detailed human heads and indigenous animals. The pipe . . . Map (db m20994) HM
30Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Elliptical Mound — Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On Ohio Route 104, 0.3 miles north of Moundsville Road, on the right when traveling north.
A large number of spear-heads. .. beautifully chipped . had been placed here; but, out of a bushel or two of fragments, four specimens only were recovered entire. Squier and Davis, 1846
. . . Map (db m166828) HM
31Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Enderlin Civil War Memorial
On Paint Street at Water Street, in the median on Paint Street.
Erected 1917 by Richard Enderlin Co. B. 73 Regt. O.V.V.I. to the memory of his comrades who helped to preserve the Union LOYALTYMap (db m14645) HM
32Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — First Court of Ross County
On 2nd Street at Walnut Street, on the left when traveling east on 2nd Street.
Here stood the two-story log house in which sat the first court of Ross Co., 1798. Here met the Legislature of the N. W. Territory, 1800-1801-1802. In the War of 1812, this was the U. S. Arsenal and Barracks.Map (db m14770) HM
33Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — 2-71 — Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Ohio
On Main Street (U.S. 50), on the left when traveling east.
On this site, on January 4-7, 1808, the six Masonic lodges then existent in the state met and formed the Grand Lodge of Ohio. General Rufus Putnam of Marietta was elected the first Grand Master. Because of advanced age and failing health, he . . . Map (db m14660) HM
34Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Harold "Pat" White Jr. — Memorial Drinking Fountain
This drinking fountain was erected in memory of Harold "Pat" White Jr., U.S. Army Air Corps veteran of World War II and longtime Chillicothe businessperson. For over 30 years Pat was an enthusiastic participant and promoter of physical fitness, . . . Map (db m82202) HM
35Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Historic Site in Journalism — [The Chillicothe Gazette]
On Main Street (U.S. 50), on the right when traveling east.
The Chillicothe Gazette, published since 1800, is the oldest newspaper west of the Allegheny Mountains and the oldest business establishment in Ohio. The newspaper played an important part in American history, specifically through its part in . . . Map (db m14651) HM
36Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Home of Chillicothe Newspapers — Erected In 1940
On West Main Street (U.S. 50) east of South Walnut Street, on the right when traveling east.
. . . Map (db m202516) HM
37Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — Mound City Group
On Ohio Route 104, 0.2 miles north of Moundsville Road, on the right when traveling north.
(north face) The World's Most Spectacular Concentration of Ancient Earthworks No where else on earth are there so many of these unique ceremonial complexes so close together. Many scientists suspect that Ross County, Ohio, . . . Map (db m166825) HM
38Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Maygrass — Phalaris caroliniana
On Ohio Route 104, 0.4 miles north of Moundsville Road, on the right when traveling north.
Maygrass seeds are highly nutritious & are some of the most common members of the Eastern Agricultural Complex found at Hopewell and Late Woodland sites. Maygrass was cultivated, but shows no signs of domestication. Its seeds were likely eaten, and . . . Map (db m200843) HM
39Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Mica Splendor — Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — Mound City Group — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Near Ohio Route 104, 1.7 miles north of U.S. 35.
With the building of Camp Sherman, the army leveled this mound-Mound 13-to three feet above ground and built a barrack over it. In 1920 Ohio archeologists led by William Mills excavated the mound and were astonished to uncover the cremated . . . Map (db m20996) HM
40Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Nathaniel Massie
On North Paint Street north of West Main Street (U.S. 50), on the left when traveling north.
In memory of Nathaniel Massie Revolutionary War Veteran, Deputy Surveyor of the Northwest Territory, member of Ohio's Constitutional Convention of 1802, speaker of the Ohio Senate, First Major General, Second Division, Ohio . . . Map (db m202502) HM
41Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Quinn Chapel African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church — Founded 1821 — Historic Underground Railroad —
On Main Street (U.S. 50), on the right when traveling west.
[Marker Front]: Methodism was known in Chillicothe as early as 1796. During the early years, 1803-1821, both African American and white Methodists worshipped together in a small brick church, located on the north side of Second Street . . . Map (db m14665) HM
42Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Ross County Civil War Memorial
Near Brookside Drive.
In honor of the Patriotic Men of Ross County who gave their lives in the war for the preservation of the Union their grateful fellow citizens have erected this monument May 30th, 1875Map (db m14653) HM
43Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Ross County Earthworks — The Arc Of Appalachia Junction Earthworks Archeological Park & Nature Preserve
Near Belleview Avenue (County Road 377) 0.1 miles east of Plyleys Lane, on the right when traveling east.
The most spectacular concentration of ancient earthworks in the world. Of the three dozen major earthwork complexes built by the Hopewell Culture, a full two thirds of them fall within the boundaries of modern Ross County. Five of these . . . Map (db m166837) HM
44Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Ross County World War I Memorial
On Water Street, on the right when traveling west.
In honor of the boys from Ross County who gave their lives in the service of their country 1917 - 1919 Allen, Albert F. • Bitzer, Russell • Bollinger, Albert • Bower, Donald B. • Brown, Edward B. • Brown, Elmer G. • Brown, Lorain • Crouse, . . . Map (db m14646) WM
45Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Ross Couty Revolutionary War Memorial
On North Paint Street north of West Main Street (U.S. 50), on the left when traveling north.
In memory of the men who fought in the Revolutionary War and are buried in Ross County.Map (db m202506) WM
46Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Scioto Lodge No. 6 F. & A. M.
On Main Street (U.S. 50), on the right when traveling west.
One of the lodges which in 1808 founded the Grand Lodge Free and Accepted Masons of Ohio Erected January 7, 1958Map (db m14662) HM
47Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — 3-71 — Site of Ohio's First Statehouse
On Main Street (U.S. 50) at Paint Street, on the right when traveling west on Main Street.
Ross County's first courthouse was Ohio's first statehouse. The courthouse was erected on the Public Square in 1801. Thomas Worthington, one of the building's superintendents, laid out the foundation. Chillicothe was the last capital of the . . . Map (db m173293) HM
48Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Story Mound — A Classic Burial Mound of the Adena Culture — Story Mound State Memorial —
On Delano Avenue just south of Cherokee Road, on the right when traveling north.
Story Mound is a typical burial mound of the Adena culture, which lived in southern Ohio and neighboring parts of Kentucky and West Virginia between about 800 BCE and 100 CE. The Adena culture was named for the mound excavated on the . . . Map (db m166835) HM
49Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — 8-71 — The "Statehood Riots" / The Enabling Act 1802
On Water Street at Paint Street, on the left when traveling east on Water Street.
Side A: The "Statehood Riots” The first Northwest Territory assembly formally met in Cincinnati in September 1799 to initiate self-government. The legislators were deeply divided politically. The Republicans (antifederalists or . . . Map (db m14682) HM
50Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — The Carlisle
On South Paint Street, on the right when traveling north.
has been listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 1885Map (db m202507) HM
51Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — 5-71 — The Chillicothe Gazette
On Main Street (U.S. 50), on the right when traveling east.
The oldest commercial enterprise in Ohio, the Chillicothe Gazette began publication on April 25, 1800, as Freeman's Journal and Chillicothe Advertiser. That October it became the Scioto Gazette, and Chillicothe has had a Gazette ever since. It is . . . Map (db m14652) HM
52Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — The First Baptist Church — Historic Underground Railroad
On West 4th Street east of South Walnut Street, on the right when traveling west.
In July 1824, David Nickens assisted by the Rev. Nathan Cory and Rev. William White brought together a group of people in his home for the purpose of organizing a Baptist Church. The new church selected the name of the First Regular African . . . Map (db m202515) HM
53Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — The First Statehouse
On South Paint Street north of West Main Street (U.S. 50), on the left when traveling north.
On this site stood the first state house of Ohio wherein was adopted the original constitution of the commonwealthMap (db m202505) HM
54Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — The Hopewell Culture — The Arc Of Appalachia Junction Earthworks Archeological Park & Nature Preserve
On Belleview Avenue (County Road 377) 0.1 miles east of Plylyes Lane, on the right when traveling east.
The Hopewell Culture's Artistic Florescence. Between 2,200 and 1,500 years ago the Hopewell Culture flourished in the eastern half of North America, becoming one of the most influential cultures to ever to exist on our continent. . . . Map (db m166836) HM
55Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — The Underground Railroad in Chillicothe / Ross County — Historic Underground Railroad Site
On West Fourth Street at South Walnut Street, on the left when traveling west on West Fourth Street.
Many heroic men and women joined forces with others in a vast network that helped fugitive slaves secure freedom. Three groups of people were most active in the Underground Railroad movement in Ross County. They were the Presbyterians, the Quakers . . . Map (db m118737) HM
56Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Veterans Memorial
On East Water Street at Alexander Road, on the left when traveling east on East Water Street.
We, The Sons of the American Legion Squadron 62 of Chillicothe, dedicate ourselves to the preservation of these memories. To honor past, present and future generations of veterans whose sacrifice ensured the freedom of this great nation.Map (db m202512) HM
57Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — War Savings Stamps
On North Paint Street north of East Main Street (U.S. 50), on the left when traveling north.
In recognition of the Patriotism of the People of Ross County who so generously purchased War Savings Stamps in 1918 this tablet is gratefully erected by the Ohio War Savings CommitteeMap (db m202503) HM WM
58Ohio, Ross County, Frankfort — 14-71 — Concord Presbyterian Church
On Acton Road (Local Route 507) just east of Little Creek Road (County Route 87), on the right when traveling east.
The Concord Presbyterian Church congregation organized in 1805. The Concord Church was an integral part of the antislavery movement and was a station on the Underground Railroad. Reverend James H. Dickey, the congregation’s second pastor, was . . . Map (db m118590) HM
59Ohio, Ross County, Frankfort — Dr. W. H. Robb Residence
On Main Street at Central Alley, on the left when traveling north on Main Street.
Site of the residence of Dr. W. H. Robb until it was acquired by the Chillicothe Telephone Company for the new Frankfort Telephone ExchangeMap (db m22812) HM
60Ohio, Ross County, Frankfort — 1-71 — The Red Brick Schoolhouse — 1877
On County Road 550, on the left when traveling west.
Typical of many schoolhouses in the Frankfort area during the 1800s, this school, with its pot-bellied stove and flip-top desks, was part of the public school system of that era. The building and its contents have been restored by the citizens of . . . Map (db m21989) HM
61Ohio, Ross County, Green Township — Catherine Gougar
Near Orr Road (County Route 526) north of U.S. 23, on the right when traveling north.
In Memory of Catherine Gougar Pioneer wife and mother. Born in New Jersey 1732. Captured by Indians 1744, in Berks Co. PA and for five years held a captive at and near this place. Sold to French Canadian traders she served in Canada . . . Map (db m59434) HM
62Ohio, Ross County, Kingston — Nelson John Dunlap
Here in honored glory rests the last Union Civil War veteran of Ross County Nelson John Dunlap May 30, 1843 - December 9, 1942 USS Hastings, Mississippi Squadron, U.S. Navy May their deeds and sacrifices by kept ever green . . . Map (db m28764) HM
63Ohio, Ross County, Metzger — 15-71 — The Great Seal of the State of Ohio
Side A: The hills before you were inspiration for the design of The Great Seal of the State of Ohio. The seal, first depicted in 1803, was often reconfigured until the present image was sanctioned by the Ohio General Assembly in 1967 and . . . Map (db m28639) HM
64Ohio, Ross County, South Salem — 4-71 — Salem Academy
On Church Street at Main Street, on the right when traveling north on Church Street.
Presbyterian minister Hugh Stewart Fullerton asked his congregation in 1841: “Shall we endeavor to form an academy to provide better educational advantages to the young citizens of this remote community?” Predating the founding of . . . Map (db m158174) HM
65Ohio, Ross County, Union Township — A Flourishing Culture — Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — Mound City Group —
Near Ohio Route 104, 1.7 miles north of U.S. 35.
On Mordecai Hopewell's Ohio farm archeologists excavated Indian mounds in 1891 and found copper ornaments, stone tools, effigy pipes, obsidian spear points, ornamented bear teeth, shark teeth, intricately carved bones, mica cutouts, and much . . . Map (db m165746) HM
66Ohio, Ross County, Union Township — A Sacred Purpose — Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — Mound City Group —
Near Ohio Route 104, 1.7 miles north of U.S. 35.
Some 2,000 years ago the Mound City Group contained the highest density of mounds of any of the Hopewell earthworks, 24 in a 13-acre area. Today 22 can be counted. One of the missing mounds (Mound 15) is present in outline only, marked by the . . . Map (db m20839) HM
67Ohio, Ross County, Union Township — Ancient Monuments — Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — Mound City Group — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Near Ohio Route 104, 1.7 miles U.S. 35.
When Cleopatra, Julius Caesar, and Jesus lived, the Hopewell culture built and used Mound City Group. We do not know what the Hopewell called this sacred place, but early archeologists named it for the great number of mounds found here. In 1846 . . . Map (db m21023) HM
68Ohio, Ross County, Union Township — Gateposts from the Northern Entrance to Camp Sherman
On Ohio Route 104 at Hines Blvd, on the right when traveling south on State Route 104.
This post, and the post on the opposite side of the road, were unearthed nearby during a road widening project in the summer of 2006. They were part of a set of four concrete posts erected in October 1919 at the northern entrance to Camp Sherman, an . . . Map (db m14642) HM
69Ohio, Ross County, Union Township — Goosefoot — Chenopodium Berlandieri
Near Ohio Route 104, 0.4 miles north of Moundsville Road, on the right when traveling north.
The earliest evidence of the domestication of goosefoot in North America goes back 3,500 years. This nutritious plant was a relative of the now-popular quinoa and packed with protein. The leaves could have been eaten as greens, and the seeds could . . . Map (db m200839) HM
70Ohio, Ross County, Union Township — Marshelder, Sumpweed — Iva annua
Near Ohio Route 108, 0.4 miles north of Moundsville Road, on the right when traveling north.
Domesticated in the Midwest around 4,000 years ago, marshelder seeds sometimes reached three times the size of their wild ancestors. It is now extinct in its domesticated form (I. annua var. macrocarpa). Marshelder supplied a source of plant . . . Map (db m200840) HM
71Ohio, Ross County, Union Township — Mound 7 — Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — Mound City Group —
On Ohio Route 104, 0.2 miles north of Moundsville Road, on the right when traveling north.
The Hopewell people built their mounds with care, as evidenced here at Mound 7–Central Mound-the largest of the Mound City Group. It was not just a matter of piling up dirt; layers of clay, sand, and gravel were sequenced in complex patterns. . . . Map (db m166827) HM
72Ohio, Ross County, Union Township — Rustic Tobacco — Nicotiana rustica
On Ohio Route 104, 0.5 miles north of Moundsville Road, on the right when traveling north.
Cultivated some 2,000 years ago, this particular variety of tobacco was the earliest in North America, and may have been more potent than later types. Smoking pipes appear in the archaeological record around the same time as evidence for tobacco – a . . . Map (db m200833) HM
73Ohio, Ross County, Union Township — Squash — Cucurbita Pepo
Near Ohio Route 108, 0.4 miles north of Moundsville Road, on the right when traveling north.
Squashes were domesticated in eastern North America around 4500 years ago, with thicker-rinded varieties appearing around 2500 years ago. These would have looked similar to summer squashes and acorn squash varieties today. Both the flesh and oily . . . Map (db m200842) HM
74Ohio, Ross County, Union Township — Sunflower — Helianthus annus
Near Ohio Route 104, 0.4 miles north of Moundsville Road, on the right when traveling north.
First appearing in domesticated form in Tennessee some 4200 years ago, the sunflower has been widely used by American Indians throughout history as a source for protein and fat. As a food it was perhaps ground into a flour, added as an ingredient in . . . Map (db m200844) HM
 
 
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Jan. 27, 2023