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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Berkeley County, West Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Berkeley County, West Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Berkeley County, WV (106) Jefferson County, WV (348) Morgan County, WV (109) Washington County, MD (864) Clarke County, VA (74) Frederick County, VA (209)  BerkeleyCounty(106) Berkeley County (106)  JeffersonCounty(348) Jefferson County (348)  MorganCounty(109) Morgan County (109)  WashingtonCountyMaryland(864) Washington County (864)  ClarkeCountyVirginia(74) Clarke County (74)  FrederickCounty(209) Frederick County (209)
Martinsburg is the county seat for Berkeley County
Adjacent to Berkeley County, West Virginia
      Jefferson County (348)  
      Morgan County (109)  
      Washington County, Maryland (864)  
      Clarke County, Virginia (74)  
      Frederick County, Virginia (209)  
 
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1West Virginia, Berkeley County, Baker Heights — Veterans Administration Center
On Baker Road at Charles Town Road (West Virginia Route 9), in the median on Baker Road.
Established as the Newton D. Baker General Hospital, U.S. Army. Named for Newton D. Baker, native of Martinsburg and Secretary of War, World War I. Opened for patients in 1944. It became Veterans Administration Center in 1946.Map (db m12784) HM
2West Virginia, Berkeley County, Blairton — Van Metre Ford Bridge
On Flaggs Crossing Road at Blairton Road on Flaggs Crossing Road.
Named for the property owners this stone bridge built in 1832 across Opequon Creek was major improvement for travellers on Warm Springs Road connecting Alexandria and Bath, Va., site of famous mineral waters. The Berkeley County Court established a . . . Map (db m12849) HM
3West Virginia, Berkeley County, Bunker Hill — "Morgan Acres"
On Winchester Pike (U.S. 11) north of Old Mill Road, on the right when traveling north. Reported missing.
Two miles west is the site of the first house in present West Virginia. It was built by Col. Morgan Morgan who came from Delaware in 1726. It was destroyed and the one now there was built in 1800 by another Morgan.Map (db m57717) HM
4West Virginia, Berkeley County, Bunker Hill — Christ Church
On Runnymead Road, 0.4 miles west of U.S. 11, on the right when traveling west.
First Episcopal Church in West Virginia Established 1740 by Col. Morgan Morgan known as Morgan's Chapel Present building 1851Map (db m12848) HM
5West Virginia, Berkeley County, Bunker Hill — Christ Church
On Runnymeade Road (County Route 26) at Soldier Drive, on the right when traveling west on Runnymeade Road.
300 yards west is one of the oldest Episcopal churches in West Virginia. Built in 1740 by Morgan Morgan. Five Revolutionary soldiers buried in church yard. Used as a barracks during war between the states.Map (db m134064) HM
6West Virginia, Berkeley County, Bunker Hill — Col. Morgan Morgan
On Winchester Pike (U.S. 11) just north of Old Mill Road, on the right when traveling north.
Nov. 1, 1688 — Nov. 17, 1766. Erected by the State of West Virginia. In commemoration of the first settlement within the present boundaries of said State, which was made by Col. Morgan Morgan, a native of Wales, and Catherine Garretson, his . . . Map (db m1169) HM
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7West Virginia, Berkeley County, Bunker Hill — Gettysburg CampaignInvasion & Retreat
On the northbound Welcome Center and Rest Stop (Interstate 81) north of the state line, on the right when traveling north.
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through . . . Map (db m1975) HM
8West Virginia, Berkeley County, Bunker Hill — James Johnston Pettigrew Monument
On Winchester Pike (U.S. 11). Reported damaged.
Due west of this tablet, 650 feet, is the Boyd House in which died, July 17, 1863, Brig.-Gen. James Johnston Pettigrew, of North Carolina, C. S. A. At Gettysburg he commanded and led Heth’s Division in the assault on Cemetery Ridge, July 3; and in . . . Map (db m2615) HM
9West Virginia, Berkeley County, Bunker Hill — Morgan Cabin
On Runneymead Road, 0.5 miles west of Goldmiller Road, on the right when traveling east.
Originally built 1731-34 as second home of Morgan Morgan-first white settler in West Virginia. Rebuilt with some of original logs in 1976 as a State and County Bicentennial project. It was here during the Revolution that James Morgan, the grandson . . . Map (db m12798) HM
10West Virginia, Berkeley County, Bunker Hill — Morgan ChapelWashington Heritage Trail
On Runnymeade Road (County Route 26) at Soldier Drive, on the right when traveling west on Runnymeade Road.
At Bunker Hill in 1726, Colonel Morgan Morgan founded the first permanent settlement of record in what is now West Virginia. In commemoration of this event, the state of West Virginia has erected a monument in Bunker Hill State Park, and has . . . Map (db m134056) HM
11West Virginia, Berkeley County, Bunker Hill — Morgan Morgan
On Winchester Pike (U.S. 11) north of Old Mill Road, on the right when traveling north. Reported missing.
Morgan Morgan, a native of Wales, established his home at Bunker Hill before 1732, and was leader in Eastern Panhandle’s early development. His sons gave name to Morgantown, and fought in Indian and Revolutionary Wars.Map (db m1176) HM
12West Virginia, Berkeley County, Darkesville — Darkesville
On Winchester Pike (U.S. 11) south of Hatchery Road (County Route 11/8).
Named for Gen. William Darke, veteran of the Revolution and the Indian wars. He saved the remnants of St. Clair’s army from massacre in 1791 when badly defeated by the Miami Indians. His son, Capt. Joseph Darke, lost his life.Map (db m167181) HM
13West Virginia, Berkeley County, Falling Waters — Battle of Falling WatersJackson’s Coolness Under Fire
On Williamsport Pike (U.S. 11), on the right when traveling north.
On the morning of July 2, 1861, Federal troops under Gen. Robert Patterson crossed the Potomac River from Maryland and marched south toward Martinsburg. Colonel Thomas J. Jackson sent his men north from their camp north of town to block them and to . . . Map (db m41631) HM
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14West Virginia, Berkeley County, Falling Waters — Battle of Falling WatersStuart’s Surprise
On Hammonds Mill Road (West Virginia Route 901) at St. Andrews Drive (County Route 3/1), on the right when traveling west on Hammonds Mill Road. Reported damaged.
Here at Stumpy’s Hollow on the morning of July 2, 1861, Confederate Lieutenant Colonel J.E.B. Stuart captured a Union infantry company almost single-handedly. The Federals – Company I, fifteenth Pennsylvania Volunteers – were acting as . . . Map (db m45596) HM
15West Virginia, Berkeley County, Falling Waters — Battle of Falling WatersHarper’s 5th Virginia Infantry
On Williamsport Pike (U.S. 11) at Hammonds Mill Road (County Route 901), on the right when traveling south on Williamsport Pike.
On the morning of July 2, 1861, Federal troops under General Robert Patterson crossed the Potomac River from Maryland and marched toward Martinsburg. Confederate Colonel Thomas J. Jackson’s command marched from Camp Stephens, four miles north of . . . Map (db m58078) HM
16West Virginia, Berkeley County, Falling Waters — Battle of Falling WatersFour Apostles of the 1st Rockbridge Artillery
On Hammonds Mill Road (County Route 901) at Williamsport Pike (U.S. 11), on the left when traveling east on Hammonds Mill Road.
On the morning of July 2, 1861, Federal troops under General Robert Patterson crossed the Potomac River from Maryland and marched toward Martinsburg. Confederate Colonel Thomas J. Jackson’s command marched from Camp Stephens, four miles north of . . . Map (db m58080) HM
17West Virginia, Berkeley County, Falling Waters — Battle of Falling WatersCrockett-Porterfield House
On Williamsport Pike (U.S. 11) 0.2 miles north of West Virginia Route 901, on the right when traveling north. Reported missing.
On the morning of July 2, 1861, Federal troops under General Robert Patterson crossed the Potomac River from Maryland and marched toward Martinsburg. Confederate Colonel Thomas J. Jackson’s command marched from Camp Stephens, four miles north of . . . Map (db m180733) HM
18West Virginia, Berkeley County, Falling Waters — Battle of Hoke's Run
On Williamsport Pike (U.S. 11) at Foster Drive, on the right when traveling south on Williamsport Pike.
Early on July 2, 1861, Union forces under Maj. Gen. Robert Patterson crossed the Potomac River from MD to march on Martinsburg. Alerted to the enemy's movements by Stuart's cavalry, Col. Thomas Jackson fought a masterly delaying action that led . . . Map (db m206003) HM
19West Virginia, Berkeley County, Falling Waters — Battles of Falling Waters“A splendid falls”
On Encampment Road east of Williamsport Pike (U.S. 11), on the left when traveling south.
During the Civil War, the strategically important Valley Turnpike crossed the stream just above the small waterfall here. Two battles were fought nearby. The first occurred on July 2, 1861, half a mile south on the Porterfield Farm. On the morning . . . Map (db m58083) HM
20West Virginia, Berkeley County, Falling Waters — General “Stonewall” Jackson
On Williamsport Pike (U.S. 11), on the right when traveling north.
In Memory of General “Stonewall” Jackson This tablet is erected by the Berkeley County Chapter United Daughters of the Confederacy to commemorate an instance of General Jackson’s remarkable bravery at all times in the face of the gravest . . . Map (db m41626) HM
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21West Virginia, Berkeley County, Falling Waters — Stumpy’s HollowJuly 2, 1861
On Hammonds Mill Road (West Virginia Route 901) at St. Andrews Drive (County Road 3/1), on the right when traveling west on Hammonds Mill Road.
Site of JEB Stuart’s capture of Union SoldiersMap (db m45769) HM
22West Virginia, Berkeley County, Gerrardstown — Cool Spring Presbyterian Church
On Runnymeade Road (County Road 26) 0.4 miles west of Goldmiller Road (County Road 24), on the left when traveling west.
Founded 1764 100 yds. to the East Parent to Gerrardstown Presbyterian Church Map (db m148877) HM
23West Virginia, Berkeley County, Gerrardstown — Gerard House
On Dominion Road, 0.1 miles south of Gerrardstown Road, on the left when traveling south.
Built by John Hays, 1743. Became home of Reverend David Gerard, who founded Gerrardstown in 1787. His father was Reverend John Gerard, the first Baptist Minister west of the Blue Ridge Mountains.Map (db m12793) HM
24West Virginia, Berkeley County, Gerrardstown — Gerrardstown
On Gerrardstown Road (West Virginia Route 51) 0.1 miles east of Reunion Corner Road, on the left when traveling west.
Established as a town, 1787. Named for John Gerrard, first pastor of Mill Creek Baptist Church, which was organized by early settlers about 1743. The congregation reorganized after Indian hostilities during the French and Indian War.Map (db m12791) HM
25West Virginia, Berkeley County, Gerrardstown — Gerrardstown Veterans Memorial
On Gerrardstown Road (West Virginia Route 51) just north of Dominion Road, on the right when traveling north.
Members of the Gerrardstown Community who have proudly served their country in time of conflict Dedicated in 2004 World War I Davis Crim • Ashton Faircloth • George Maseur • Frank Miller • Carl Wiest World War II . . . Map (db m148878) WM
26West Virginia, Berkeley County, Gerrardstown — Malin-Wilson-Gray House
On Gerrardstown Road (West Virginia Route 51) just north of Dominion Road (County Road 51/2), on the left when traveling north.
C. 1795-1835-1890 National Register of Historic Places Map (db m148879) HM
27West Virginia, Berkeley County, Gerrardstown — Mill Creek Baptist Church
On Baptist Church Alley, 0.1 miles south of Geraldstown Road (West Virginia Highway 51).
Site of Mill Creek Baptist Church Organized prior to 1742 Grand-parent of First Baptist Church Martinsburg, West Va.Map (db m14596) HM
28West Virginia, Berkeley County, Gerrardstown — Zacquill Morgan House
On Runnymeade Road (County Road 26) 0.4 miles west of Goldmiller Road (County Road 24), on the right when traveling west.
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Zaquill Morgan House 1761 [Lower plaque:] A Berkeley County Historic Landmark . . . Map (db m148875) HM
29West Virginia, Berkeley County, Hedgesville — 102 West Main Street
On West Main Street (West Virginia Route 9) just north of North Mary Street (West Virginia Route 901), on the right when traveling north.
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 Map (db m144121) HM
30West Virginia, Berkeley County, Hedgesville — 104 East Main Street
On East Main Street (West Virginia Route 9) just east of South Mary Street (West Virginia Route 901), on the right when traveling east.
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 Map (db m148849) HM
31West Virginia, Berkeley County, Hedgesville — 104 West Main Street
On West Main Street (West Virginia Route 9) just north of North Mary Street (West Virginia Route 901), on the right when traveling north.
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 Map (db m144122) HM
32West Virginia, Berkeley County, Hedgesville — 106 East Main Street
On East Main Street (West Virginia Route 9) just east of South Mary Street (West Virginia Route 901), on the right when traveling east.
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 Map (db m148848) HM
33West Virginia, Berkeley County, Hedgesville — 108 East Main Street
On East Main Street (West Virginia Route 9) at Zion Street, on the right when traveling east on East Main Street.
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 Map (db m148847) HM
34West Virginia, Berkeley County, Hedgesville — 108 West Main Street
On West Main Street (West Virginia Route 9) south of Bodine Street, on the right when traveling north.
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 Map (db m144123) HM
35West Virginia, Berkeley County, Hedgesville — 200 South Mary Street
On East Main Street (West Virginia Route 9) just north of South Mary Street (West Virginia Route 901), on the right when traveling south.
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 [Lower plaque:] circa 1842Map (db m148850) HM
36West Virginia, Berkeley County, Hedgesville — 201 East Main Street
On East Main Street (West Virginia Route 9) just east of Zion Street, on the left when traveling east.
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 Map (db m148851) HM
37West Virginia, Berkeley County, Hedgesville — 201 North Mary Street
On North Mary Street (West Virginia Route 901) just north of Town Spring Street, on the left when traveling north.
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 Map (db m148852) HM
38West Virginia, Berkeley County, Hedgesville — 202 Town Spring Street
On Town Spring Street just north of Skinner Lane, on the right when traveling north.
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 Map (db m159446) HM
39West Virginia, Berkeley County, Hedgesville — 204 North Mary Street
On North Mary Street (West Virginia Route 901) just north of Town Spring Street, on the right when traveling north.
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 Map (db m148854) HM
40West Virginia, Berkeley County, Hedgesville — 300 North Mary Street
On North Mary Street (West Virginia Route 901) just north of West Ash Street, on the right when traveling north.
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 Map (db m148855) HM
41West Virginia, Berkeley County, Hedgesville — 307 North Mary Street
On North Mary Street (West Virginia Route 901) just south of West Elm Street, on the right when traveling south.
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 Map (db m148858) HM
42West Virginia, Berkeley County, Hedgesville — Battle of North Mountain Depot
On North Mary Street (West Virginia Route 901) south of East Poplar Street.
This boulder marks the site on Camp Hill where the batteries were fired during the War Between the States in the raid on the federal blockhouse, located at North Mountain. On July 4, 1864, the 14th, 16th, and 17th Regiments of General McCausland's . . . Map (db m154841) HM
43West Virginia, Berkeley County, Hedgesville — Hedgesville
On Hedgesville Road (West Virginia Route 9) near Mt. Zion Street, on the right.
Site of stockade fort built during the early Indian wars. Mt. Zion Episcopal Church was built soon after. A mile west is the tavern, built, 1740–1750, by Robert Snodgrass on land patented in 1732 by William Snodgrass, pioneer settler.Map (db m990) HM
44West Virginia, Berkeley County, Hedgesville — Hedgesville Historic District National Register SiteWashington Heritage Trail
On Bodine Street north of Hedgesville Road (West Virginia Route 9), on the left when traveling east.
During the French and Indian War (c. 1750) Virginia Militia Col. George Washington supervised the construction of Fort Hedges, a stockade fort built along the Warm Spring Road at the heavily-traveled Skinner's gap atop North Mountain (740 feet . . . Map (db m117316) HM
45West Virginia, Berkeley County, Hedgesville — Morgan County / Berkeley County
On Martinsburg Road or Hedgesville Road (West Virginia Route 9) west of Rustic Tavern Road, on the right when traveling west.
Morgan County. Formed, 1820, from Berkeley and Hampshire. Named for Gen. Daniel Morgan of the Revolutionary Army. Many of his renowned “Riflemen” were from the Eastern Panhandle, where he once lived. Famed Berkeley Springs here. Berkeley . . . Map (db m1112) HM
46West Virginia, Berkeley County, Hedgesville — Mt. Zion Episcopal Church
On Zion Street just north of East Main Street (West Virginia Route 9), on the right when traveling north.
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 Map (db m148844) HM
47West Virginia, Berkeley County, Hedgesville — Payne-Kreglow House
On North Mary Street (West Virginia Route 901) just north of West Ash Street.
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 [Lower marker:] Payne-Kreglow House circa 1905 Restored by James W. Poisal, Jr., . . . Map (db m148856) HM
48West Virginia, Berkeley County, Hedgesville — Saint Mark's Methodist Episcopal Church
On Potato Hill Street just north of Town Spring Street, on the left when traveling north.
[Left Plaque:] (Originally First Methodist Episcopal Church) 1790 - 1942 Place during U.S.A. Bicentennial Celebration [Right plaque:] National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by . . . Map (db m159447) HM
49West Virginia, Berkeley County, Kearneysville — Shaw Run Wetland ComplexWest Virginia 9 — Charles Town to Martinsburg —
On Route 9 Bike Path, 0.2 miles south of Short Road (County Road 36/1), on the right when traveling south.
The Shaw Run Wetland Complex is a calcareous fen. A "fen" is defined as low land covered wholly or partly with water. fed by Shaw Spring and Shaw Run, the wetland is a unique type of wetland for West Virginia because of its marl substratum (layer . . . Map (db m150612) HM
50West Virginia, Berkeley County, Kearneysville — Stone House MansionWest Virginia 9 — Charles Town to Martinsburg —
On Route 9 Bike Path south of Short Road (County Route 9/19), on the right when traveling north.
Stone House Mansion, predominantly Georgian in style, was constructed in 1757, and is one of the oldest stone structures in Berkeley County. The property is listed in the National Register of Historic Places for its association with the Hite vs. . . . Map (db m167518) HM
51West Virginia, Berkeley County, Marlowe — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
On Interstate 81.
Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4-6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. . . . Map (db m60605) HM
52West Virginia, Berkeley County, Marlowe — Watkins' Ferry
On Williamsport Pike (U.S. 11) east of Ripple Way, on the right when traveling west.
By an act of the Virginia House of Burgesses, 1744, a ferry was established extending from the mouth of the Canagochego Creek in Maryland across the Patowmack to the Evan Watkins Landing, about 250 yards southeast. This landing was also the entrance . . . Map (db m131795) HM
53West Virginia, Berkeley County, Marlowe — West Virginia (Berkeley County) / Maryland
On Williamsport Pike (U.S. 11) east of Temple Drive, on the right when traveling west.
West Virginia (Berkeley County) "The Mountain State"—western part of the Commonwealth of Virginia until June 20, 1863. Settled by the Germans and Scotch-Irish. It became a line of defense between the English and French during . . . Map (db m131797) HM
54West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — “Oh Shenandoah, I Long to See You!”
On West King Street east of Winchester Avenue (Business U.S. 11), on the left when traveling west.
“Big Apple Time Capsule” Dedicated: Oct 19, 1990 – Re-open in year of 2040 Sponsor: Martinsburg Jaycees This “community pride project” is an attempt to preserve the Apple Capital city and surrounding areas of . . . Map (db m1212) HM
55West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — 224 - 226 West King Street
On West King Street (U.S. 11) east of South Maple Avenue, on the right when traveling west.
Built as a YMCA in 1908. Constructed in the eclectic mission style. Used as the Martinsburg City Hall from 1932-1988.Map (db m132408) HM
56West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Adam Stephen House309 East John Street — 1774-1789 —
On East John Street east of South Water Street, on the right when traveling west.
This structure was constructed of native limestone by Revolutionary War General Adam Stephen, founder of Martinsburg. Restored by the City of Martinsburg and the Adam Stephen Memorial Association, Inc.Map (db m132404) HM
57West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Adam Stephen House – 309 East John StreetWashington Heritage Trail
On East John Street east of South Water Street, on the right when traveling west.
Adam Stephen (1720-1791) had a close acquaintance with George Washington through their association with Lord Fairfax and from their military involvements from the French & Indian War through the American Revolution. Stephen was present with . . . Map (db m167507) HM
58West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Apollo Theater128 East Martin Street — Built 1912 —
On East Martin Street just west of North Spring Street, on the left when traveling west.
This theater was designed by Reginald Geare, architect for the well-known Knickerbocker Theater of Washington, D.C.Map (db m143931) HM
59West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Avenue of Flags Monument
On Queen Street (U.S. 11) at King Street (U.S. 11), on the right when traveling north on Queen Street.
The colonial village of Martinsburg was established by law enacted by the General Assemply of the Commonwealth of Virginia on October 21, 1778. Martinsburg’s founder was General Adam Stephen, a noted soldier of the American Revolutionary War. . . . Map (db m167514) HM
60West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Shop Complex
On East Race Street east of North Spring Street, on the left when traveling east.
The roundhouse is the sole surviving cast-iron framed roundhouse and is an important example of mid-19th century industrial building design. Designed by Albert Fink, in collaboration with Benjamin H. Latrobe, it represents an early use of . . . Map (db m1199) HM
61West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Baltimore and Ohio Roundhouse and Shop Complex
On East Race Street east of North Spring Street, on the left when traveling east.
National Civil Engineering Landmark. The re-construction of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Roundhouse and Shop Complex commenced soon after the end of the American Civil War in 1865. This complex included two roundhouses and two significant . . . Map (db m167682) HM
62West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Belle Boyd
On North Queen Street (U.S. 11) at East Commerce Street, on the right when traveling north on North Queen Street.
One of the most noted female spies for the Confederacy, Boyd was born in Martinsburg in 1844. After she killed a Union soldier in 1861 who was threatening her mother, Belle began spying on local Union troops. Her efforts at the Battle of Front . . . Map (db m206099) HM
63West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Belle Boyd HouseHome of a Spy — Antietam Campaign —
On East Race Street at North Spring Street when traveling east on East Race Street.
Isabelle “Belle” Boyd, the Confederate spy, lived here during part of her childhood. The ten-year-old and her family moved here in 1853 and left in 1858 for a dwelling (no longer standing) on South Queen Street. According to Boyd, . . . Map (db m63496) HM
64West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Belle Boyd House126 E. Race Street — Built 1853 —
On East Race Street at Spring Street, on the right when traveling east on East Race Street.
Built in 1853 by Benjamin Reed Boyd, a merchant, Confederate soldier and the father of Belle Boyd. Belle Boyd was a famous Confederate spy, author and actress.Map (db m149428) HM
65West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Berkeley HotelRailroad Raids Survivor
On East Race Street.
This is one of the last surviving antebellum buildings in the area. It was constructed shortly after the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad reached Martinsburg in 1842. The adjacent railroad yards twice were Confederate Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s . . . Map (db m208792) HM
66West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Boarman House208 S. Queen Street — Built 1802 —
On South Queen Street (West Virginia Route 9) at East King Street on South Queen Street.
One of the earliest brick buildings constructed in Martinsburg. Home of Rear Admiral Charles Boarman, who served in the War of 1812 and the Civil War.Map (db m132397) HM
67West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Boydville
On South Queen Street (West Virginia Route 45) north of Buxton Street, on the left when traveling north.
Built, 1812, by Elisha Boyd, general in the War of 1812, on land bought from Gen. Adam Stephen. Mansion noted for its fine workmanship. Home of his son-in-law, Charles J. Faulkner, Minister to France, and his grandson, U.S. Senator Faulkner.Map (db m983) HM
68West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Charles Faulkner
On South Queen Street (West Virginia Route 9/45) south of East Addition Street, on the right when traveling south.
Born in Martinsburg, July 6. 1806. Member of Virginia legislature and served in Congress, 1851-1859. In 1860 he was appointed Minister to France but was arrested in 1861 on charges of negotiating sales of arms for the Confederacy. Enlisted in . . . Map (db m203911) HM
69West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Civil War MartinsburgFocus of Contention
On East King Street (U.S. 11) at South Queen Street (State Highway 45) on East King Street.
Martinsburg, strategically located on the Valley Turnpike (present day U.S. Route 11) and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, was a major transportation center and the northern gateway to the Shenandoah Valley. Both sides contested for it frequently . . . Map (db m167591) HM
70West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Continental Clay Brick WorksWest Virginia 9 — Charles Town to Martinsburg
On Charles Town Road (West Virginia Route 9) east of Variform Drive (County Route 9/14). Reported unreadable.
Local lawyer and newspaper editor, F. Vernon [unreadable], established the Continental Clay Brick works on a portion of his family farm in [unreadable]. Ten beehive kilns were initially constructed to fire the bricks after they were molded. Brick . . . Map (db m132440) HM
71West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — First Electrified HouseIn Martinsburg, W. Va.
On South Water Street at East John Street, on the right when traveling north on South Water Street.
This home was provided with electric service in 1890 by the Edison Electric Illuminating Company, a predecessor of the Potomac Edison Company Commemorated 3 December 1969Map (db m132406) HM
72West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Fort Neally
On Williamsport Pike (U.S. 11) 0.4 miles north of Warm Springs Ave., on the right when traveling north.
During the French and Indian War, Fort Neally was captured and its garrison massacred, Sept. 17, 1756. Many settlers in the vicinity also were killed. Among captives was Isabella Stockton, later wife of William McCleery, Morgantown.Map (db m12790) HM
73West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Gen. Adam Stephen
On East John Street, on the right.
Here was home of General Adam Stephen, founder of Martinsburg and county's first sheriff. Was famous as fighter in French and Indian Wars, and as major general in the American Revolutionary War.Map (db m12786) HM
74West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — General Adam Stephen House and Triple Brick Museum
On East John Street, on the right when traveling west.
Founder of Martinsburg, First Sheriff of Berkeley County, Statesman, Soldier, Surgeon National Register of Historic Places Oct. 15, 1970Map (db m12788) HM
75West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Girlhood Home of Belle Boyd
On East Burke Street west of South Spring Street.
Site of girlhood home of Belle Boyd Confederate spy 1845-1899 Map (db m132398) HM
76West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Harry Flood Byrd
On East Burke Street at North Spring Street on East Burke Street.
On this site Harry Flood Byrd was born June 10, 1887 Member of the Virginia Senate, 1916-1925 Governor of Virginia, 1926-1930 U.S. Senator from 1933. Map (db m132399) HM
77West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — J. R. Clifford
On West Martin Street west of Raleigh Street, on the left when traveling west.
Born 1848 in Hardy Co. A Civil War vet., Storer College graduate, teacher and principal at local Sumner School. Published Pioneer Press (1882), first African American paper in state. First of race to pass state bar exam (1887); argued two . . . Map (db m1210) HM
78West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Major General Adam Stephen1718 - 1791 — Patriot – Legislator – Founder —
On South Queen Street (West Virginia Route 9) north of Bulldog Boulevard, on the left when traveling north.
He was commander of a division in the Revolution. Voted for the adoption of the federal constitution while a member of the Virginia Assembly. Granted 130 acres of land for the site of Martinsburg and was the first sheriff of Berkeley County.Map (db m132409) HM
79West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Market House100 North Queen Street — 1846-1847 —
On North Queen Street (West Virginia Route 9) at West Burke Street, on the left when traveling north on North Queen Street.
One of Martinsburg's Gothic Revival masterpieces and once its central marketplace. The structure has been used commercially with the Masons and Odd Fellows halls overhead.Map (db m132400) HM
80West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Martinsburg
On Edwin Miller Boulevard (West Virginia Route 9) east of Interstate 81, on the left when traveling west.
Founded, 1778, by Gen. Adam Stephen. Named for Thomas Martin, nephew of Lord Fairfax. Home of Admirals Charles Boarman and C.K. Stribling. Locomotives seized here, 1861, in Jackson’s raid were drawn by horses to Winchester, Va.Map (db m1973) HM
81West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Martinsburg / Berkeley Riflemen
On King Street (U.S. 11) near North Maple Avenue, on the left when traveling east.
Martinsburg. Established, 1778, by Gen. Adam Stephen. Named for Col. Thomas Martin, nephew of Lord Fairfax. Home of Admiral C.K. Stribling and Admiral Charles Boarman. In Jackson’s raid, 1861, captured B&O locomotives were drawn by horses to . . . Map (db m1976) HM
82West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Martinsburg RoundhouseJackson and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad — Antietam Campaign —
On East Commerce Street just north of East race Street, on the right when traveling north.
In April 1861, as the Civil War erupted, Confederate forces seized the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad from Harpers Ferry west. On May 24, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston ordered Col. Thomas J. (later “Stonewall”) Jackson to destroy the rolling . . . Map (db m149430) HM
83West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Norbourne Parish CemeterySouth side of South Street — Established 1772 —
On West South Street east of South Maple Avenue, on the left when traveling west.
Site of the original Trinity Episcopal Church, founded as part of the Church of England.Map (db m134028) HM
84West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Old Berkeley County Jail420 South Raleigh Street — Built 1892 —
On South Raleigh Street north of West South Street, on the right when traveling north.
This High Victorian Gothic structure served as the Berkeley County jail for one hundred years.Map (db m134016) HM
85West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Old Federal Building125 S. Maple Avenue — Completed 1895 —
On King Street (U.S. 11) near Maple Avenue, on the left when traveling east.
Constructed using the Richardson-Romanesque Style of architecture, this building served as a Post Office and United States Courthouse.Map (db m1977) HM
86West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Old High School401 South Queen Street — Built 1883 —
On South Queen Street (West Virginia Route 9) south of West Stephen Street, on the left when traveling north.
This High Victorian Gothic structure which served as the Martinsburg High School, now houses the Berkeley County Board of Education office.Map (db m132394) HM
87West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Old Methodist Church201 East John Street — Built 1795 —
On South Spring Street at East John Street, on the left when traveling south on South Spring Street.
This structure was originally constructed as a dwelling and was later used as a house of worship from 1812-1842 by the Methodist Episcopal Church.Map (db m134000) HM
88West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Old Stone House302 South Water Street — Constructed prior to 1779 —
On South Water Street at East John Street, on the right when traveling north on South Water Street.
Constructed of native limestone, this house is considered among the earliest built in Martinsburg.Map (db m132407) HM
89West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Old Worsted and Cassimere Mills
On West Stephen Street west of South Church Street, on the right when traveling west.
The woolen mills were located in the buildings on the south side of the street and the cassimere mills on the north. Outstanding examples of industrial architecture.Map (db m134032) HM
90West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Roundhouses and Shops / Railroad Strike of 1877
On East Martin Street near White Avenue.
Roundhouses and Shops. The B&O Railroad reached Martinsburg in 1842, and by 1849, a roundhouse and shops were built. These first buildings were burned by Confederate troops in 1862. The present west roundhouse and the two shops were built . . . Map (db m1197) HM
91West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Site of Belle Boyd HomeFamous Confederate Spy
On South Queen Street (West Virginia Route 9), on the left when traveling west.
Here on July 4, 1861, Belle Boyd, at the age of 17, shot and killed a Union soldier. She was imprisoned on several occasions as a result of her later spying activities.Map (db m193346) HM
92West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — St. John's Catholic CemeteryNorth side of South Street — 1802 —
On West South Street, 0.1 miles west of South Queen Street, on the right when traveling west.
The first Catholic Church of Martinsburg was located on this site from 1825 to 1843.Map (db m134023) HM
93West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — St. Joseph's Catholic Church219 South Queen Street — 1845-1860 —
On South Queen Street (West Virginia Route 9) north of East John Street, on the right when traveling south.
This Romanesque Revival Church was begin in 1845 and dedicated in 1860. George Whitson, local architect, designed the Greek portico with the Gothic spire in 1888. [Bottom plaque] Most Reverend Bernard Schmitt, D.D. Designated . . . Map (db m132395) HM
94West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Sumner-Ramer Memorial School515 West Martin Street
On West Martin Street west of Raleigh Street, on the left when traveling west.
The present building was completed in 1917 under the leadership of Fred R. Ramer. He was the first principal in Berkeley County to have a school named after him. Ramer school served the black community until 1964.Map (db m1211) HM
95West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — The Story of Two Bridges: The Colonnade Bridge and the East Burke Street Bridge
On East Burke Street just west of Swartz Street, on the left when traveling west.
Looking Upstream and Northeast at the Colonnade Bridge, Circa 1860 In 1849, the Baltimore and Ohio established its railroad shops in Martinsburg and erected here two most noteworthy roundhouses and workshop buildings. The B&O erected a . . . Map (db m148872) HM
96West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Triple Brick Building – 311-313 East John StreetWashington Heritage Trail
On East John Street east of South Water Street, on the right when traveling west.
Built in the mid-1870s by Philip Showers, who owned the adjacent stone house (the Adam Stephen House) at that time, the Triple Brick Building was listed in early tax records as the "Tribble (Triple) House" or "the brick house divided into . . . Map (db m132401) HM
97West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Triple Brick Museum313 East John Street — Built 1874 —
Near East John Street east of South Water Street, on the right when traveling west.
This structure was originally constructed as three apartments by Philip Showers to house railroad workers.Map (db m132405) HM
98West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — Welcome to the City of MartinsburgFounded in 1778 by General Adam Stephen
On East King Street at South Queen Street (U.S. 11), in the median on East King Street.
The Founder Born around 1720 in Scotland, Stephen received a surgeon's degree from the University of Edinburgh in 1746. He came to America in 1748, settling in Fredericksburg, Va., where he practiced as a doctor. In 1754 he joined the Virginia . . . Map (db m167510) HM
99West Virginia, Berkeley County, Martinsburg — World War Memorial
On West King Street (U.S. 11) west of South Maple Avenue, on the left when traveling east.
1917-1918. This memorial is dedicated as an enduring tribute to the patriotism of the citizens of Berkeley County who rendered loyal service to our country in the great World War, and to honor the memory of those who made the supreme sacrifice . . . Map (db m1256) WM
100West Virginia, Berkeley County, Nollville — Tuscarora Church
On Tuscarora Pike (County Route 15) west of Lost Road (County Route 13/1), on the left when traveling west.
Tuscarora Presbyterian Church, which was built before 1745 by Scotch-Irish Presbyterians. Rev. Hugh Vance, first pastor, is buried here. During Indian days, worshipers hung their guns on pegs in the walls while they sang and prayed.Map (db m92578) HM

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Feb. 6, 2023