“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Carter County, Tennessee

Clickable Map of Carter County, Tennessee and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Carter County, TN (57) Johnson County, TN (11) Sullivan County, TN (116) Unicoi County, TN (8) Washington County, TN (93) Avery County, NC (18) Mitchell County, NC (10)  CarterCounty(57) Carter County (57)  JohnsonCounty(11) Johnson County (11)  SullivanCounty(116) Sullivan County (116)  UnicoiCounty(8) Unicoi County (8)  WashingtonCounty(93) Washington County (93)  AveryCountyNorth Carolina(18) Avery County (18)  MitchellCounty(10) Mitchell County (10)
Elizabethton is the county seat for Carter County
Adjacent to Carter County, Tennessee
      Johnson County (11)  
      Sullivan County (116)  
      Unicoi County (8)  
      Washington County (93)  
      Avery County, North Carolina (18)  
      Mitchell County, North Carolina (10)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — 1A 20 — Andrew Johnson
About 1 mile S.W., at the home of a daughter, Mary Johnson Stover, Andrew Johnson died in 1875. He had been a senator from Tennessee; governor of Tennessee; military governor under Federal occupation; vice-president of the United States and 17th . . . Map (db m157912) HM
2 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — 12 — Barnes Boring Hardware — Elizabethton Walking Tour —
Barnes Boring was officially established as a corporation on February 26, 1900 with J. M. Barnes and J. R. Boring as principal stockholders. The two gentlemen died just months from each other nearly 30 years after beginning their partnership.Map (db m192800) HM
3 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — Bemberg Station / Port Rayon
In the 1920s, German and Dutch investors established two factories for the production of rayon in Elizabethton: American Bemberg Corporation and North American Rayon Corporation. The East Tennessee and Western North Carolina Railroad (ET&WNC), . . . Map (db m135498) HM
4 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — Bemberg Water Tower
These concrete footings held the Bemberg Water Tower which supplied water to the ET&WNC (Tweetsie) steam engines in the early 1900’s. Project funded by website and the alumni of the 2014-2015 Carter County Adult . . . Map (db m135497) HM
5 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — 28 — Betsy Walkway — Elizabethton Walking Tour —
This walkway now exists where once the Grand Theater, the first theater in Elizabethton, stood. The theater had a balcony for blacks only, but legend has it that sometimes white men snuck up the stairs to join them and smoke cigars.Map (db m192802) HM
6 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — Boone Trail Highway
Metal from Battleship Maine in Tablet • Daniel Boone •Map (db m192255) HM
7 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — Buffalo Creek
Nearby Buffalo Creek is one of numerous place names in the Southern Appalachian mountains that serve as reminders that the buffalo, or American bison, was once plentiful in the region. In 1769 Daniel Boone narrowly escaped being trampled by a . . . Map (db m184052) HM
8 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — 29 — Burgie Drug — Elizabethton Walking Tour —
Established in 1892 by Harry Burgie, Burgie Drug, a revered establishment which was visited frequently by Elizabethton residents, served the community as a pharmacy and convenience store.Map (db m192801) HM
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9 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — Carter County Veterans Monument
In Memory of Mary Patton who made the powder that fought the King’s M’T’N’ Battle placed by her great grand son. T.Y. Patton Built in honor of all soldiers of Carter County in all the wars from the revolution down to this date, 1912, by . . . Map (db m135496) HM WM
10 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — 1A 123 — Carter County's Train History
Carter County’s railroad history is the story of three trains – the East Tennessee and Western North Carolina, better known as Tweetsie (1881-1951); the Southern Railroad (1911-1940); and the North American Rayon Steam Engine (1936-1992). The . . . Map (db m46561) HM
11 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — Carter Family Memorial
John Carter - 1781 Chairman of Watauga Association and of the five commissioners who established that first written compact for civil government by American-born freemen. Chairman of Committee of Safety. In Revolution, colonel of militia . . . Map (db m157908) HM
12 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — 1A 119 — Cedar Grove Cemetery
Cedar Grove Cemetery was originally established as a "colored cemetery" in the early nineteenth century on a tract of land adjacent to a trail that became known as Gap Creek Road. The remote and rocky terrain often required the use of dynamite to . . . Map (db m81370) HM
13 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — City of Elizabethton Bicentennial1799-1999
On this location the citizens of Elizabethton, Tennessee have dedicated a Time Capsule as the finale of their year long celebration of Elizabethton’s 200 Years. The capsule buried here is to be opened in the year 2099 AD. With this . . . Map (db m192864) HM
14 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — 1A 62 — Covered Bridge
This bridge over Doe River was built early in 1882 at a cost to the county of $3000 for the bridge and $300 for the approaches. The site was chosen by J.J. McCorkle, Wiley Christian and H.M. Rentfro. The committee were Thomas E. Matson, Engineer, . . . Map (db m46706) HM
15 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — 1A 54 — Duffield Academy
These stones are from the foundation of the academy established Sept. 13, 1806, with Maj. George Duffield, Chairman, Nathaniel Taylor, George Williams, Alexander Doran & John Greer, Trustees. In 1807, Andrew Taylor, Abraham Henry and Reuben Thornton . . . Map (db m46607) HM
16 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — 1A 148 — Elizabethton Blue Grays1935-1955
This independent semi-professional barnstorming Negro baseball team consisted of young men from Elizabethton, Johnson City, Kingsport, Greeneville, Middle Tennessee, Kentucky, Bristol, and Martinsville, Virginia. Because of segregation, their . . . Map (db m157901) HM
17 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — First Court West of the Alleghenies
In 1772 the first court west of the Alleghanies was held under this tree Additional marker: In 1772, four years before the Declaration of Independence, settlers in the Watauga Valley adopted the “Articles of the Watauga . . . Map (db m157905) HM
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18 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — Fort Watauga MonumentKing's Mountain — Sycamore Shoals —
To the memory of the patriots who on their way to King's Mountain under Sevier, Shelby and Campbell assembled here September 25, 1780 Additional inscriptions: Fort Watauga, First (Settlers) Fort Built West of the Alleghanies. 1770 . . . Map (db m170566) HM
19 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — 1A 61 — Green Hill Cemetery
The Tipton family cemetery, it stood near the homesite of Samuel Tipton (1752-1833) and Susannah Reneau (1767-1853). Col. John Tipton, father of Samuel, deeded it to him in 1784. The house was later the home of a nephew, Isaac P. Tipton, whose . . . Map (db m81371) HM
20 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — Mary Patton's Powder Mill
During the early years of European settlement in this valley, Mary McKeechan Patton (1751-1836) operated a gunpowder mill along Powder Branch not far to the south of this spot. Mary McKeechan was born in England and her family immigrated to . . . Map (db m183985) HM
21 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — 1A 18 — Milligan College
Buffalo Creek Christian Church organized here in 1830. In 1867 Buffalo Male & Female Institute was established by Rev. W.G. Barker on land given by Joshua Williams. Josephus Hopgood of Ky. purchased it in 1875, naming it Milligan College in 1882, . . . Map (db m157861) HM
22 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — Monument to the Patriots
The stone obelisk on the hill to the south, erected in 1909 by the Daughters of the American Revolution, is dedicated "To the memory of the patriots who, on their way to King's Mountain under Sevier, Shelby, and Campbell, assembled here September . . . Map (db m183937) HM
23 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — 11 — Old Post Office — Elizabethton Walking Tour —
At least one account has it that in 1908 the post office moved into this building which was owned by Postmaster E. C. Alexander. In July 1920, Dr. C. C. Hacker opened medical offices in this building.Map (db m192799) HM
24 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — 1A-85 — Old Red Fox
At Valley Forge, Dan Ellis usually assembled for Federal regiments whom he guided over obscure mountain trails to Kentucky, while East Tennessee was under Confederate control. Born 1827 and a veteran of the Mexican War, he was subsequently Captain . . . Map (db m135595) HM
25 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — 1A 13 — Powder Branch
100 yards upstream at a falls stood an old powder mill, where Mary McKeehan Patton made powder for the soldiers who went to King's Mountain, Oct. 7, 1780. Michael Hyder, Sr., signer of the Halifax Petition in 1776 lived here and is buried on the . . . Map (db m157864) HM
26 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — 13 — Public Library — Elizabethton Walking Tour —
The older (eastmost) portion of this building, Classical Revival in design, originally served as Elizabethton’s main post office. James A. Wetmore, working for the WPA, designed the building in 1931, and it was constructed in 1933.Map (db m183929) HM
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27 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — Restoration of Sabine HillSabine Hill State Historic Site
Bringing Sabine Hill Back to Life Sabine Hill remained in the Taylor family through the latter 1940s. In August 1936, W. Jeter Eason with the Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) visited Sabine Hill and took detailed photographs . . . Map (db m174641) HM
28 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — Sabine Hill
Sabine Hill, the large Federal-style structure on the knoll to the south, is one of the oldest surviving homes in Carter County. General Nathaniel Taylor (1771-1816), a veteran, of the War of 1812, began the construction of Sabine Hill shortly after . . . Map (db m174643) HM
29 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — 1A 15 — Sabine Hill
Built about 1818 by Mary (“Polly”) Patton Taylor, widow of Gen. Nathaniel Taylor, of the War of 1812. Both are buried in the cemetery nearby. Among their great-grandsons were Governors Alfred A. and Robert L. Taylor, of Tennessee, and Nathaniel . . . Map (db m46387) HM
30 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — Samuel P. CarterAdmiral and General
Although Tennessee voted to secede from the Union in June 1861, East Tennessee remained staunchly loyal. The residents of Carter County voted against secession, 1,343 to 86. One of those residents, Admiral and General Samuel P. Carter (born . . . Map (db m135600) HM
31 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — 1A 72 — Samuel Powhatan CarterAug 6, 1819 – May 26, 1891
Born in this house. After attending Washington College and Princeton, graduated from U.S. Naval Academy; serving in the Navy until May 1, 1862, he was appointed brigadier general, U.S. Volunteers. His most conspicuous service was a raid into East . . . Map (db m46749) HM
32 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — Samuel TiptonFounder of Elizabethton
This plaque is dedicated to Samuel Tipton, founder of Elizabethton. Born in 1752, Samuel Tipton was the eldest son of Col. John and Mary Butler Tipton. A Revolutionary War soldier, he owned the land on which Elizabethton is now located. His Green . . . Map (db m157907) HM
33 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — Sycamore Shoals of the Watauga
Sycamore Shoals, located just to the north of this spot, was a significant place in early American history. The site is named for a stretch of shallow rapids along the Watauga River and for the abundant sycamore trees along its banks. The shoals . . . Map (db m157870) HM
34 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — 1A 16 — Sycamore Shoals of the Watauga
In this neighborhood, on Sept. 26, 1780, Rev. Samuel Doak conducted religious services for the frontiersmen from Virginia and North Carolina, including the Watauga and other settlements in what is now Tennessee, upon the start of their decisive . . . Map (db m47152) HM
35 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — 1A 19 — The Mansion
“The Mansion” was built before 1780 by John Carter and his son Landon. John Carter was chairman of the Watauga Association, a court of five men elected by the settlers of the Watauga Count in May 1772, “to govern and direct for the . . . Map (db m47102) HM
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36 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — The Taylor FamilySabine Hill State Historic Site
"Happy Valley" and Sabine Hill (1778-1853) In 1778, during the Revolutionary War, Andrew Taylor traveled from Virginia to what would later become eastern Tennessee. Taylor settled near this location on the Powder Branch of Buffalo . . . Map (db m174640) HM
37 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — 1A 52 — Transylvania Purchase
In this valley, March 17, 1775, the Transylvania Company, led by Richard Henderson, John Williams and Nathaniel Hart, bought from the Cherokee, led by Chief Oconostota, all the lands between the Kentucky and Cumberland Rivers. Over 20 million acres . . . Map (db m47196) HM
38 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — Uncovering the PastSabine Hill State Historic Site
Understanding Early Inhabitants East Tennessee has been the site of continuous human occupation for thousands of years. Archaeology is an important tool for understanding the early inhabitants of Sabine Hill. Through the study of . . . Map (db m174639) HM
39 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — Valentine Sevier, "The Immigrant"1712-1803
After the July 21, 1776 attack, the second fort was built on land owned by Sevier, and joining the historic shoals on the Watauga River he and his family played a major role in the Watauga Association and the early settlement of Tennessee. . . . Map (db m157866) HM
40 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — 1A 8 — Watauga Fort
400 yards northward and ½ mile northeast of the mouth of Gap Creek, stood Watauga Fort. Here, July 21, 1776, the settlers under Captain James Robertson repulsed the Cherokees under Old Abraham of Chilhowee, and Lt. John Sevier rescued . . . Map (db m47187) HM
41 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — Watauga Old Fields
Where the Watauga Association was formed in 1772, being the first place west of the Alleghenies where men joined together in a written compact for civil government and for the preservation of their ideals of liberty. The Thirteen Commissioners . . . Map (db m135499) HM
42 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton — 1A 53 — Watauga Purchase
Here, March 19, 1775, at the Sycamore Shoals, the Watauga Association, Charles Robertson, Trustee, bought from the Cherokee, with Oconostota as chief, lands along the Watauga, Holston and Great Canaway (now New) Rivers. The consideration for the . . . Map (db m47180) HM
43 Tennessee, Carter County, Elizabethton, Valley Forge — 1A-73 — O'Brien Furnace Reported missing
1/2 mile E. of Valley Forge on Doe River are the ruins of an iron furnace built in 1820 by William B. Carter of Elizabethton. It was purchased in 1824 by James, John, and Joseph O'Brien and William Gott. They owned 9000 acres of land and operated . . . Map (db m219553) HM
44 Tennessee, Carter County, Hampton — ET&WNC Railroad Covered Bridge
The East Tennessee & Western North Carolina Railroad was chartered in 1866 as a 5 ft “broad gauge” line from Johnson’s Depot (now Johnson City) to the Cranberry Iron Works in North Carolina. Construction began in 1868 but was halted . . . Map (db m157059) HM
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45 Tennessee, Carter County, Johnson City — 1A 31 — Carter County / Washington County
Established 1796 named in honor of Landon Carter Treasurer of Washington and Hamilton Districts. Speaker of the first State of Franklin Senate, later its Secretary of State, also Lieutenant Colonel of the Washington . . . Map (db m45948) HM
46 Tennessee, Carter County, Johnson City — Constructing a Mountain Railroad
Railroads were a major force in developing southern Appalachia, bringing jobs, commerce, industry, and transportation to local communities. However, the mountainous terrain presented unique challenges to their construction. The East Tennessee and . . . Map (db m184200) HM
47 Tennessee, Carter County, Johnson City — Cranberry Furnace Company Quarry
In 1902, the Cranberry Furnace Company opened this quarry to provide lime for the Johnson City iron foundry. The quarry featured a crusher and a 924' railroad siding to load the crushed lime on to the ET&WNC train for transportation to Johnson . . . Map (db m184199) HM
48 Tennessee, Carter County, Johnson City — 1A 17 — Dungan’s Mill
6.5 miles northwest, at the mouth of Brush Creek, is a mill built by Jeremiah Dungan in 1779, and continuously operated since then. East of it was a stone fort erected by pioneers of the Watauga Settlement.
Dungan and other pioneers are buried . . . Map (db m45997) HM
49 Tennessee, Carter County, Johnson City — Gandy Dancers
"Gandy dancer" is a term that came to be used for the laborers who built and maintained railroad tracks prior to the mechanization of most of those tasks. The origin of the term is uncertain, although some suggest that it referred to the movement . . . Map (db m184189) HM
50 Tennessee, Carter County, Johnson City — Hauling Ore from the Cranberry Mine
High grade magnetite iron ore was found at the base of Roan Mountain near Cranberry, NC after the War of 1812. A "bloomery", or iron smelter, was built at Cranberry in 1820 to process the ore and supply iron to the Confederacy during the Civil War. . . . Map (db m184266) HM
51 Tennessee, Carter County, Johnson City — Milligan Depot
Not far from this spot stood the Milligan College Flag Stop, which from 1896 until 1934 provided shade and shelter for passengers who waited for the East Tennessee and Western North Carolina Railroad — the "Tweetsie" — to take them either west to . . . Map (db m184193) HM
52 Tennessee, Carter County, Johnson City — The Robertson Home, Site of First Court of Washington County
Washington County, then part of North Carolina, was established in 1777 during the height of the American Revolution, replacing the earlier Washington District (1776) and Watauga Association (1772). On February 23, 1778, the first court of the new . . . Map (db m184139) HM
53 Tennessee, Carter County, Johnson City — The Tennessee Tweetsie in Hollywood
The East Tennessee and Western NC Railroad (ET&WNC) became affectionately known as the "Tweetsie" because of the distinctive sound of its steam whistle. In addition, the railroad was famous for its small-town charm, earning the nickname of "the . . . Map (db m184162) HM
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54 Tennessee, Carter County, Johnson City — 1A 116 — Williams-Taylor House
The Edmund Williams family, pioneers of the area. owned the original log cabin at this site. Owner Joshua Williams (1808-1895) enlarged the house and in 1866 gave land for Buffalo Institute. Now Milligan College, it was established by Col. W. . . . Map (db m157849) HM
55 Tennessee, Carter County, Roan Mountain — First Night's EncampmentBattle of Kings Mountain Men 9/26/1780
First Night's Encampment of King's Mountain Men. Sept. 26, 1780 They trusted in God and kept their powder dry Placed by John Sevier Chapter DAR 1910 Reset 1965Map (db m221241) HM
56 Tennessee, Carter County, Roan Mountain — Peg Leg Iron Ore Mine
Visiting this area over 100 years ago, you would have found these mountains to be logged and pastured. During the later half of the 1800's a new industry found its way to East Tennessee and Western North Carolina. An iron ore mine was operated . . . Map (db m177171) HM
57 Tennessee, Carter County, Watauga — 1A 108 — Range School
Range School was in operation prior to Oct. 29, 1843. It began as a common school with classes held in a log sheep barn donated by Jonathan Range. In 1901, a one-room frame building was constructed near the original site. A brick building was . . . Map (db m53528) HM
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Dec. 3, 2023