“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Gillespie County, Texas

Clickable Map of Gillespie County, Texas and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Gillespie County, TX (242) Blanco County, TX (32) Kendall County, TX (86) Kerr County, TX (87) Kimble County, TX (62) Llano County, TX (39) Mason County, TX (25)  GillespieCounty(242) Gillespie County (242)  BlancoCounty(32) Blanco County (32)  KendallCounty(86) Kendall County (86)  KerrCounty(87) Kerr County (87)  KimbleCounty(62) Kimble County (62)  LlanoCounty(39) Llano County (39)  MasonCounty(25) Mason County (25)
Fredericksburg is the county seat for Gillespie County
Adjacent to Gillespie County, Texas
      Blanco County (32)  
      Kendall County (86)  
      Kerr County (87)  
      Kimble County (62)  
      Llano County (39)  
      Mason County (25)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Texas, Gillespie County, Doss — 10068 — Lange's Mill
Established in 1849 by Doss brothers. Operated 1859-1878 by William F. Lange; 1878-1888 by Julius Lange. Its products were famed throughout the region. One of the last of the old burr mills in Texas; one of few in as perfect a state of preservation. . . . Map (db m91745) HM
2 Texas, Gillespie County, Doss — 12788 — Squaw Creek Primitive Baptist Church
Ten charter members constituted Squaw Creek Primitive Baptist Church in 1901, and Elder S.N. Redford served as pastor from 1901 until 1907. Services were held in homes and in the Squaw Creek School until 1911, when members began meeting in the . . . Map (db m91743) HM
3 Texas, Gillespie County, Doss — 10108 — St. Peter Lutheran Church
Organized by German Lutherans in September 1896 under a brush arbor at nearby Lange’s Mill, this church has been part of Gillespie County history for over 100 years. A frame church building erected in 1898 was replaced by this Gothic Revival . . . Map (db m91744) HM
4 Texas, Gillespie County, Frederickburg — Nimitzplatz
Dedicated to the legacy of Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, U.S. Navy Made possible by grants from City of Fredericksburg · Frost · County of Gillespie · Albert & Ethel Herzstein Charitable Foundation · The Eugene McDermott . . . Map (db m183163) WM
5 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — "Mahler Triplets" — Herman, Thurman & Vernon Mahler
"The Triplets", as family and friends would call them, were born July 13th 1926 in Olney, Texas. Upon their enlisting in 1944, the Department of the Navy released this photo to the media who titled it "Triple Threat for Tokyo." The boys, who . . . Map (db m196272) HM WM
6 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — "Lefty's Wolfpack" — "The Fighting Forty-Eight"
Dedicated to the Men and Officers of "Lefty's Wolfpack" "The Fighting Forty-Eight" 48th Bomb Squadron, 41st Bomb Group, 7th Air Force Pacific 1942-1945 Awarded Five Battle Stars for Participation in the Pacific Air War . . . Map (db m209031) WM
7 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Destroyer Squadron 29 — This plaque is dedicated to the ships and men of — US Asiatic Fleet 1942 —
U.S.S. Black Hawk (AD-9) - Tender U.S.S. Paul Jones (DD-230) - Flag Destroyer Division 57 U.S.S. John D. Edwards (DD-216) U.S.S. Alden (DD-211) U.S.S. Whipple (DD-217) *U.S.S. Edsall (DD-219) Destroyer Division 58 . . . Map (db m197467) WM
8 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — The U.S.S. Samuel B. Roberts (DE-413)
Dedicated to the Memory of The U.S.S. Samuel B. Roberts (DE-413) Commissioned: April 28, 1944 Sunk in Action: October 25, 1944 Earned One Battle Star for World War II Service Awarded the Presidential Unit Citation "for . . . Map (db m209019) HM WM
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9 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — U.S.S. Jamestown (AGP-3)
Dedicated to the Memory of Those Who Served U.S.S. Jamestown (AGP-3) "In the Dark of the Solomon's Moon" Awarded Presidential Unit Citation, May 26, 1944 Credited With Probable Sinking of Two Enemy Submarines, and Two Battle . . . Map (db m209033) WM
10 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — U.S.S. Kankakee (AO-39) — Dedicated to all who served aboard — "Pipeline of the Seven Seas" —
First Commissioned 1942-Final Decommissioning 1968 Earned 6 Battle Stars for World War II Service Navy Occupation Service Medals-Asia and Europe Philippine Republic Presidential Unit Citation Earned 1 Battle Star for Korean War . . . Map (db m197444) WM
11 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — U.S.S. L.S.T. 811 — Dedicated to the Men of the
Commissioned 18 October 1944 Decommissioned 26 June 1946 Assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific for World War II Service-One Star Amphibious Forces Insignia American Area Campaign Ribbon Victory Medal Asiatic-Pacific Area . . . Map (db m197454) WM
12 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — U.S.S. Mattaponi (AO-41) — "30 Year Veteran Auxiliary Oiler"
Dedicated to all who served aboard the "Mattie" U.S.S. Mattaponi (AO-41) "30 Year Veteran Auxiliary Oiler" Commissioned 1942 - Final Decommission 1972 • World War II • Korean War • Vietnam War • American Campaign Medal . . . Map (db m209010) WM
13 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — U.S.S. Montpelier (CL-57)
Dedicated to the memory of our shipmates who served aboard the 'Mighty Monty' U.S.S. Montpelier (CL-57) Cruiser Division 12 Commissioned 9 Sept 1942 * World War II Service * Thirteen Battle Stars Navy Unit Citation . . . Map (db m211344) WM
14 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — U.S.S. Pondera (APA-191) — Dedicated to All Who Served Aboard
Commissioned 24 September 1944 Decommissioned 6 June 1946 Earned One Battle Star for the Okinawa Campaign Casualties two, Fatalities none Awarded American Theater Medal Asiatic Pacific Medal (One Star) Philippine . . . Map (db m197479) WM
15 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — U.S.S. Taylor (DD/DDE-468) — Dedicated to all who served in
Commissioned 28 August 1942, Decommissioned 31 May 1946 Recommissioned DDE-468 3 December 1951, Decommissioned 2 July 1969 Transferred July 1969 to Italian Navy as Lancier (D-560), Served to January 1971 ★ World War II Service . . . Map (db m197450) WM
16 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — U.S.S. Toledo (CA-133)
Dedicated to those who served aboard U.S.S. Toledo (CA-133) Awarded Five Battle Stars for Service during the Korean Conflict Awarded the Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation Commissioned October 27, 1946 . . . Map (db m211514) WM
17 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — U.S.S. Trenton (CL-11)
Dedicated to all who served in U.S.S. Trenton (CL-11) 1924-1945 Eighth of ten Omaha Class Cruisers Rear Admiral Chester W. Nimitz's First Flagship On 9 July 1938, Admiral Nimitz broke his First Flag as COMCRUDIV 2 in . . . Map (db m209014) HM WM
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18 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 5 Inch/38 Caliber Gun
This 5 inch/38 gun on the Mark 21 open pedestal mount would have been used primarily on Attack Transports (APA), Attack Cargo (AKA), auxiliaries and armed merchant ships. The merchant ships would have a detachment of Navy Armed Guard to man the . . . Map (db m196775) HM
19 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 75mm Field Gun, M2A2:
During WW I, the United States Army ordered large numbers of the 75mm Field Gun, Model of 1897 (French), the famous "French 75." The weapons manufactured to U.S. specifications were converted to become the 75mm Field Gun, M1897A4 in the late 1920s. . . . Map (db m196702) HM
20 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — A Lasting Friendship
During Fredericksburg’s 150th anniversary, we celebrate the enduring friendship between the Comanche Nation and the people of Gillespie County.      We honor the Comanches who helped to create and preserve this relationship and their descendants . . . Map (db m94228) HM
21 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10046 — Adolph Gold House
Local banker Adolph Gold (1869-1931), one of the developers of Fredericksburg's first subdivision in 1900, had this house built for his family in the subdivision in 1901. The house remained in the Gold family until 1988. Built in a center passage . . . Map (db m197105) HM
22 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Aircraft Carrier Doctrine
The Essex-class carriers comprised 24 ships and served from the commissioning of USS Essex (CV-9) on 31 Dec 1942 to the decommissioning of USS Lexington (CV-16) on 8 Nov 1991. Initially, the Navy envisioned carriers serving as fleet scouts, taking . . . Map (db m196556) HM
23 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10093 — Albert Lee Patton Building
Missouri native Albert Lee Patton (1851-1934), trained as a tinsmith, moved to Fredericksburg in the early 1870s. In 1897 he constructed this two-story native limestone building adjacent to the east side of his general mercantile and hardware . . . Map (db m163924) HM
24 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Americal Division
Dedicated to all who served at any time with the Americal Division 182 Inf. 132 Inf. 164 Inf. and Support Units First Army to leave United States WWII Task Force 6814 Jan. 23, 1942 Melbourne, Australia Feb. 26, . . . Map (db m209008) WM
25 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — American Defenders of Bataan and Corregidor, Inc.
This memorial honors the thousands of American Prisoners-of-War who died on death marches, work details or perished in transit to slave labor camps in Japan.Map (db m213191) WM
26 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Anatomy of Essex-class Carriers
The massive structure above the flight deck is called the island. The island contains the main command and navigation positions, sea cabins for top commanders, radar and radio shacks, weather station, flight deck control office, chart room, pilot . . . Map (db m196543) HM
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27 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Arisan Maru
On October 24, 1944 an unmarked Japanese freighter named the Arisan Maru was torpedoed and sunk by an American submarine in the South China Sea at Bashi Straits in latitude 20°41' north and longitude 118°27' east. Either the USS Shark II or USS . . . Map (db m211502) WM
28 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 1009 — Baethge-Behrend Homestead
Johann Heinrich Baethge (1814-1888), his wife Sophie Konradine (Pape) (1824-1888), and their two children immigrated to Texas from Germany in 1854. They lived at several locations in the central Texas area before settling here on about 120 acres in . . . Map (db m196985) HM
29 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10011 — Bethany Lutheran Church
Early settlers in Fredericksburg worshiped together in a community church, the Vereins Kirche. On March 27, 1887, the Rev. John Heinzelmann and about 80 families organized a separate congregation known as Die Evangelische Kirche (The . . . Map (db m35863) HM
30 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10090 — Birthplace of Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, USN
Typical early Fredericksburg home built 1866 by Carl Basse. Property of the Henke family since 1873. Heinrich Henke, early settler, Confederate freighter, had butcher counter on front porch; meat processing was done in back yard; there the horses . . . Map (db m94092) HM
31 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Captain George P. Hunt, USMCR
Captain George P. Hunt, USMCR, veteran of the 1st Marine Division assaults on Guadalcanal, Cape Gloucester (where he earned the Silver Star) and Peleliu (where he earned the Navy Cross). At Peleliu, a 26 year old Captain Hunt commanded K Company, . . . Map (db m211447) WM
32 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Charleen Eller — 1921-2018
Ensign in the Navy Served at Naval Hospital in Long Beach California from June 1945 to August 1946 1938-1942 in California Graduates from Pomona College with a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Physical Education. 1942-1945 in Ohio . . . Map (db m196397) HM
33 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10015 — Cherry Mountain School Complex
This complex represents a well preserved grouping of stone and wood buildings. The "Old School", a pioneer-crafted one-room structure built on land donated by Carl Durst, opened in 1883-84 with ten students. Facilities added over the years include . . . Map (db m160377) HM
34 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10017 — Cherry Spring Schoolhouse
School classes for the children of German immigrants in the Cherry Spring community were held in homes until 1885, when this limestone schoolhouse was completed on land donated by H. Bratherich. On dedication day, students formed a parade to the new . . . Map (db m91632) HM
35 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10018 — Christ Evangelical Lutheran Church
German Lutherans in the community of Cherry Spring began meeting together for worship in the 1850s. Diedrich Rode (1828-1925), a licensed lay minister, provided space in his home for worship services and Sunday school. Christ Church congregation was . . . Map (db m91642) HM
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36 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10023 — Christian Crenwelge Place
A native of Germany, Christian Crenwelge migrated to this area in 1854 and worked as a farmer and cabinetmaker. At a sheriff's land sale in 1872 he bought this property located across the street from his home. For a short time he operated a . . . Map (db m164008) HM
37 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10019 — Christian Methodist Episcopal Church
Several black families were residing in Gillespie County by the 1870s. A schoolhouse was built in 1877 on property adjacent to this later church site. Blacks probably met in the school for worship services before this church was completed 10 years . . . Map (db m111261) HM
38 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Comanche County Iwo Jima Memorial
In proud remembrance of the achievements of her sons at Iwo Jima 1945, this memorial has been dedicated by the citizens of Comanche County, Texas. Adams, Elbert H. USCG • Adcock, Leonard W. USMC • Almand, Allen O. USMM • Anderson, Henry A. . . . Map (db m211351) WM
39 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Command Judgment
Nimitz's intelligence personnel, decoding Japanese message traffic in early May 1942, determined Japan would attack Midway Island soon. Not convinced, Navy headquarters in Washington believed Japan would strike in other areas. Even while . . . Map (db m196892) HM
40 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Commanding the Fort
The Commanding Officer was the highest ranking officer on this frontier post. As such, his life was a mixture of meager privileges and grave responsibility. The commanding officer was entrusted with the security and defense of the post and, . . . Map (db m122976) HM
41 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10021 — County Jail of 1885
This two-story stone structure served as the fourth jail for Gillespie County, organized in 1848. It was constructed by the firm of C.F. Priess and Bro. in 1885. The ground floor housed a holding area and living quarters for the jailer. The second . . . Map (db m94291) HM
42 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10022 — Crabapple School
German immigrants who came to Fredericksburg in the late 1840s and who later settled in this area erected a native limestone school which opened in 1878 with about 40 students. The land was donated by farmer Mathias Schmidt who according to local . . . Map (db m91631) HM
43 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10025 — Cross Mountain
This marl and limestone hill, elevation 1,915 feet, was an Indian signal point, advancing news of the intrusions of white settlers. The hill was first recorded and described by the German geologist, Dr. Ferdinand Roemer in 1847. A timber cross found . . . Map (db m71921) HM
44 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10027 — Dangers Stone House
Built in 1851 by the Rev. Gottlieb Burchard Dangers (1811-69), soon after his purchase of this town lot from Friedrich Pape. Dangers, who had emigrated from Germany in 1849, was the second Protestant minister in Fredericksburg. The two rooms in the . . . Map (db m196992) HM
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45 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Dedicated to all Those Who Served 3rd Marine Division during WWII — "Fighting Third" — Fidelity, Valor, Honor —
Components 3rd Marine Division (1942-1945) 3rd Marine Regiment 9th Marine Regiment 12th Marine Regiment 19th Marine Regiment 21st Marine Regiment 3rd Tank Battalion Mission of 3rd Marine Division Execute amphibious . . . Map (db m196263) HM WM
46 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Dedicated to all who served on U.S.S. Richmond (CL-9) — 1923-1945
Of the Omaha class scout cruisers, the U.S.S. Richmond, third ship bearing the Richmond name, spent her entire service in Atlantic and Pacific Ocean operational areas. During peaceful years she was frequently a cruiser division flagship and until . . . Map (db m211356) WM
47 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Dedicated to the American Defenders of Bataan & Corregidor
The valiant men and women, both living and dead, who gallantly fought against over- whelming odds to defend the Philippine Islands from invading Japanese forces at the outbreak of World War II. With broken heart and head bowed in sadness but not . . . Map (db m211444) WM
48 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10104 — Diedrich Rode Complex
This group of building was constructed by German native Diedrich Rode (1828-1905). The three-story limestone residence was completed in 1880 and featured a third floor storage area for wool and cotton produced on the land. A Lutheran, Rode served as . . . Map (db m91644) HM
49 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10029 — Domino Parlor
The original part of this stone structure containing a cellar with a vault ceiling, was built in the early 1850s on property owned by John Schmidtzinsky, a pioneer area settler. Once used as a pharmacy, it housed H. R. Richter's Jewelry store in the . . . Map (db m61849) HM
50 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Donald Raymond Harder — 5 Jul 1926 - 7 Jun 2018 — Reedsburg, WI —
United States Army Enlisted 5 Jul 1944, Honorably Discharged 25 Aug 1946 Sergeant, 306th Regiment, 77th Infantry Division Sergeant, 1st Signal Troop, 1st Calvary Division Decorations and Citations Combat Infantry Badge, . . . Map (db m197380) WM
51 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Duty Calls Four Dennis' Boys In World War II
Thomas Dennis US Navy MMM3C Richard Dennis US Navy Lt Robert Dennis US Navy POIC William Dennis US Navy SIC World War II was a time of solidarity. A Time when Americans had a love of country, . . . Map (db m196526) WM
52 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Dwight D. Eisenhower — General of the Army, U.S. Army — Supreme Allied Commander in Europe, 1943-1945 —
"I hate war as only a soldier who has lived it can, only as one who has seen its brutality, its stupidity." When war was declared in 1941, Brigadier General Dwight Eisenhower was immediately ordered to Washington to become Deputy Chief . . . Map (db m191117) HM
53 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Early History of Fredericksburg, Texas
Fredericksburg, the county seat of Gillespie County, is steeped in history. 1846 Deriving its name from Prince Frederick of Prussia, this Texas town was founded on May 8, 1846, by 120 German immigrants under the auspices of the . . . Map (db m94093) HM
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54 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Early History Of Fredericksburg, Texas
Fredericksburg, the county seat of Gillespie County, is steeped in history. 1846 Deriving its name from Prince Frederick of Prussia, this Texas town was founded on May 8, 1846, by 120 German immigrants under the auspices of the . . . Map (db m196215) HM
55 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Early Life in Fredericksburg — Admiral Chester Nimitz
Chester William Nimitz was born on 24 February 1885 in the house at 249 East Main Street. Shortly before Chester was born, his father died and Chester and his mother, Anna, moved into the Nimitz Hotel, located behind you. Charles Henry Nimitz, . . . Map (db m196876) HM
56 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10035 — Enchanted Rock
From its summit, in the fall of 1841, Captain John C. Hays, while surrounded by Comanche Indians who cut him off from his ranging company, repulsed the whole band and inflicted upon them such heavy losses that they fled.Map (db m220772) HM
57 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Essex-class Carriers Combat Chronicle in World War II
1943 When the first Essex-class carriers arrived in the Pacific in mid-1943, Rear Admiral Charles Pownall commanded the carrier task force. The carriers USS Essex (CV-9), lead ship of the class, and USS Yorktown (CV-10) first raided Japanese . . . Map (db m196551) HM
58 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Fairwater of USS Pintado (SS-387) — [National Museum of the Pacific War] —
Pintado made six war patrols in enemy waters, during which she disposed of five naval vessels and ten merchantmen of the Empire of Japan, sunk or otherwise disabled, totaling 132,900 tons of enemy shipping. During her fifth patrol, she . . . Map (db m42424) HM
59 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10120 — Felix Van Der Stucken Home
The original one-story section of this residence was constructed by Felix Van Der Stucken (1833-1912) soon after he purchased the site in 1864. The two-story addition was completed later. A native of Belgium, Van Der Stucken operated a nearby . . . Map (db m156241) HM
60 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10038 — First Methodist Church — of Fredericksburg
Oldest Methodist church in the Hill Country. Founded 1849 as a German mission by the Rev. Eduard Schneider. The charter members: Melchior and Rosine Bauer; Johann and Margaretha Durst; Friedrich and Sophie Ellebracht; Ernst and Dorothea Houy; . . . Map (db m135089) HM
61 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Frank Valentin Van Der Stucken — (1858 - 1929)
... was born in Fredericksburg, Texas on October 16, 1858. Anxiety about the Civil War caused the family to return to their native city of Antwerp, Belgium. There young Frank studied music under masters and made his first public debut of his . . . Map (db m94229) HM
62 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Franklin D. Roosevelt — United States Commander-in-Chief — 1941-1945 —
"As Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy, I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense. Long will we remember the character of the onslaught against us." Franklin D. Roosevelt had been President for almost nine years . . . Map (db m191120) HM
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63 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10042 — Fredericksburg Lodge No. 794, A.F. & A.M.
Fredericksburg Masonic Lodge No. 794 traces its history to 1896 when a warrant of dispensation was granted by the Grand Lodge of Texas, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons. The first Worshipful Master, D.C. Darroch, was installed by Neal Caldwell, . . . Map (db m177601) HM
64 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10116 — General E. Kirby Smith, C.S.A. — Texas Rancher — (1824-1893) —
Born in Florida. Graduated from West Point. Fought in Mexican War. On the Texas frontier in the 1850s, commanded Camps Belknap, Cooper and Colorado. In 1860 and many years afterwards was a partner of J. M. Hunter of Fredericksburg in a . . . Map (db m117735) HM
65 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — General Michael W. Hagee — United States Marine Corps 33rd Commandant — An Honored Son of Fredericksburg —
• 1963 Honors Graduate, Fredericksburg High School • 1968 Graduate United States Naval Academy, with Distinction • Master of Arts National Security and Strategic Studies, Naval War College • Graduate Command and Staff College and the U.S. Naval . . . Map (db m196186) WM
66 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — George H. W. Bush — Lieutenant (j.g.), U.S. Navy Reserve — Service in the Pacific, 1943 1946 —
"I have often wondered why me, why was I spared when others died. I'll never know the answer to that question; but I do know that terrifying experience helped me to become a man." On June 12, 1942, his 18th birthday and the day after he . . . Map (db m191086) HM
67 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Gerald R. Ford — Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy Reserve — Service in the Pacific, 1943-1944 —
"Before the war, I was a typical Midwest isolationist. I returned understanding we could never be isolated again." Gerald R. Ford volunteered for the Navy shortly after the attack on Pearl Harbor. He first served as a fitness instructor . . . Map (db m191110) HM
68 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10044 — Gillespie County
The trails of roving Indians crossed these hills Settled by German pioneers in 1846 A group of Mormons settled at Zodiac in 1847. Created February 23, 1848 Organized June 5, 1848 Named for Richard Addison Gillespie A Texan . . . Map (db m94337) HM
69 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Gillespie County Armed Services Memorial
“I bore you on eagle wings and brought you unto myself” Dedicated to all Gillespie County citizens who gave their life in the armed services of our country World War I Louis J. Jordan • Henry Koch • Edward H. . . . Map (db m94230) WM
70 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Gillespie County Country Schools 1846 to 1970's — Gillespie County Country Schools Trail
From 1846 to the 1970’s, forty-four school districts served the educational needs of the children of Gillespie County. This marker honors the history of public education in Gillespie County and the Vereins Kirche, the first public school established . . . Map (db m94226) HM
71 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10049 — Guenther's Live Oak Mill
By 1848, Carl Hilmar Guenther (1826-1902), master millwright, had completed his apprenticeship in Germany and immigrated to the U.S.. In search of opportunities and a good grist mill site, he journeyed south from Wisconsin to New Orleans, and then . . . Map (db m135095) HM
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72 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10050 — Gun Cap Factory
In the Civil War, at this site, E. Krauskopf, gunsmith, and Adolph Lungkwitz, silversmith, made gun caps. Inventing machinery, they rolled copper thin and cut it to cap-size pieces saltpetre and quicksilver went into the caps, to detonate rifle . . . Map (db m157151) HM
73 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Harry Hayes
Lt.Col, US Air Force Native Texan First Allied soldier to step foot on Japanese soil under Potsdam Ultimatum and Hero "Mechanic" A plane that was classified as beyond repair, no piloting skills, a remote part of Java, no maps and no . . . Map (db m211508) WM
74 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Harry S. Truman — United States Commander-in-Chief — 1945 —
"We must work to bind up the wounds of a suffering world to build an abiding peace, a peace rooted in justice and in law." Harry S. Truman later called his first year as president a "year of decisions." In January 1945 he took the oath . . . Map (db m191119) HM
75 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10012 — Heinrich Bierschwale House
This home was built in 1872-73 by German immigrant Heinrich Bierschwale, a teacher in the rural schools of Gillespie and Mason counties. He later served as county and district clerk in Gillespie County. The two-story stone vernacular house . . . Map (db m163966) HM
76 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10010 — Henry Basse House
Descended from the Rev. Henrich S.W. Basse, a Lutheran pastor sent by the Adelsverein to serve German settlers in this area, Henry and Hugo Basse operated the Basse Brothers Cement Yard and created the Basse block, a popular building material in . . . Map (db m164012) HM
77 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10020 — Henry Cordes House
Fredericksburg native Henry Cordes (b. 1861) had this limestone residence constructed in 1893. Originally a three-room structure, it is a good example of the quality craftsmanship practiced by early area stonemasons. The grounds include a . . . Map (db m163967) HM
78 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10055 — Hoerster Building
Built at the turn of the century for J.A. Hoerster, this structure has housed a number of businesses over the years and was later owned by the Wieser family for over 52 years. The limestone Victorian commercial building exhibits its original . . . Map (db m163920) HM
79 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10056 — Holy Ghost (Heilige Geist) Evangelical Protestant Church
This congregation traces its origins to the first Protestant services held in Fredericksburg by the Rev. Henry Basse in 1846. Members worshiped at the old Vereins Kirche until 1888 when Carl Priess gave this lot for a new building. The first portion . . . Map (db m94293) HM
80 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — In honor of 1st Lt Robert Clifford Matteson, Sr.
US Army Oct 2, 1939 - Oct 20, 1945 1st Composite Squadron Aerial Reconnaissance Ascension Island Good Conduct, Asiatic-Pacific Theater Campaign, Europe & Middle East Theater Campaign, American Defense, World War II Victory, . . . Map (db m197379) WM
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81 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — In Memory of Otfrid Hans Freiherr von Meusebach — Born at Dillenburg, Nassau, Germany — May 26, 1812 —
Commissioner-General of the Society for the Protection of German Immigrants in Texas who became a citizen of the Republic of Texas under the name of John O. Meusebach. Founder of Fredericksburg on May 8, 1846. On March 1-2, 1847, he . . . Map (db m35893) HM
82 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — In Memory of Our Fallen Comrades
Roi-Namur • Saipan 4 Iwo Jima • Tinian Donated by Members of HQ/D 1-25-4th Marine Division 10 November, 1998Map (db m209022) HM
83 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — In remembrance of Katherine and William Wisse
81st Infantry Division, 305th Infantry, Company G Western Pacific October, 1943 February, 1946Map (db m213192) WM
84 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 12975 — J.W. and Ruth Baines House
Joseph W. and Ruth (Huffman) Baines, maternal grandparents of President Lyndon Baines Johnson, built their home here in 1904, following Joseph's service in the Civil War and a career as a journalist, Texas Secretary of State, legislator and . . . Map (db m197044) HM
85 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Jacob Brodbeck — Father of U.S. Aviation — 1821 - 1910 —
Born and educated in Plattenhardt, Germany. Came to Texas in 1846 and settled in Gillespie County. He became the second school teacher of the Vereins Kirche. He was also involved in the development of Gillespie County by serving as county surveyor, . . . Map (db m94227) HM
86 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 16503 — Jacob Neffendorf
Born in Redert, Nassau, Germany, Jacob Neffendorf (1822-1910) came to Texas in 1845 aboard the barque Neptune. He was in the group who surveyed the Fredericksburg townsite and also helped move families here from New Braunfels in 1846. . . . Map (db m197055) HM
87 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — James E. Carter, Jr. — Midshipman, U.S. Navy — U.S. Naval Academy, 1943-1946 —
"No one ever thought the Japanese would surrender, so there seemed to be no alternative to a massive invasion." James Earl Carter, Jr., entered the Naval Academy in 1943. Because of the war, his class was accelerated, and he graduated . . . Map (db m191108) HM
88 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — John F. Kennedy — Lieutenant, U.S. Navy Reserve — Service in the Pacific, 1943 —
"... the courage of a man who does what he must - in spite of personal consequences, in spite of obstacles and dangers and pressures, is the basis of all human morality." John F. Kennedy joined the Navy in 1941 despite a back injury . . . Map (db m191116) HM
89 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10084 — John O. Meusebach — (1812 - 1897)
To be a Texan, Meusebach gave up title of baron in 1845. As commissioner-general, German-Emigration Company, he founded Fredericksburg in 1846 as gateway to Fisher-Miller land grant, hunting ground of the Comanche. By emptying his firearms, he won . . . Map (db m91648) HM
90 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Karl Mercer — 1918-2007
Major in the Army Field Artillery Served in Australia, New Guinea, Luzon, and Japan from December 1941 to February 1946 1932-1940 in California Army Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps at Poly High School in Long Beach. Citizens' . . . Map (db m196399) HM
91 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10065 — Kiehne-Herrmann Home
German-born Frederick Kiehne (1811-98), a blacksmith and Gillespie County commissioner, built this structure in 1850. It was the first two-story home in Fredericksburg, although many older residences had sleeping lofts. The hand-cut limestone, adobe . . . Map (db m197358) HM
92 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 17349 — Klingelhoeffer House
​ Johann Jost Klingelhoeffer left Europe in 1846 seeking freedom and economic opportunities. The family sailed to the port of Indianola then traveled to New Braunfels before arriving in Fredericksburg. It is believed that Klingelhoeffer built . . . Map (db m157106) HM
93 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10067 — Kloth-Ludwig Home
This limestone building was constructed about 1870 when the property was owned by John Adams Alberthal. It was designed with a commercial area on the front and a two-story residential section in the back. Christian Kloth purchased the home in 1878, . . . Map (db m111262) HM
94 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 11893 — Kuenemann House
Frederick Kuenemann and his family sailed from Bremen, Germany in September 1845. Once in Texas they faced great hardship, walking epidemic-crowded roads to New Braunfels, suffering the death of one daughter on the way and arriving in newly . . . Map (db m164047) HM
95 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Lasting Friendship — by J. Hester — Pioneer Garden —
John O. Meusebach, German settler and founder of Fredericksburg, and Penatuka Comanche chief, Santanna share a peace pipe on May 7, 1847, at the signing of the treaty between the People of Fredericksburg and the Comanche Nation. The standing . . . Map (db m35884) HM
96 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Legacy — Admiral Chester Nimitz
In his biography of Nimitz, E.B. Potter wrote, "In a sense Nimitz had spent his whole life preparing for the post of Commander in Chief Pacific. He was, probably as much as any commander in history, a self-created officer. Evidence suggests . . . Map (db m196897) HM
97 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10103 — Little Rock House
Constructed shortly after Civil War on townlot grant of German Emigration Co. Bought in 1868 by Heinrich Ochs, pioneer school teacher. Owned by family 61 years. Has been home and store with floor plan virtually unchanged since erection. . . . Map (db m163937) HM
98 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — 10072 — Loeffler - Weber House
Log room and loft were built by German emigrant Gerhard Rorig as his home in first winter of Fredericksburg's existence, 1846- 47. Noted cabinetmaker Johann Martin Loeffler added typical rock and half-timber rooms and cooking fireplace, 1867; his . . . Map (db m157148) HM
99 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Lt. Col. Jack K. Lee Fallen Hero’s Memorial
Lt. Col. Jack K. Lee Fallen Hero’s Memorial U.S. Air Force Nov. 16, 1924 - Aug. 5, 2004 WWII - Korea - Viet Nam For God and Country Capt. Andrew R. Houghton A Troop, 3rd Plt., 1st Sqd., 4th U.S. Cav., 1st Inf. Div., U.S. . . . Map (db m94094) WM
100 Texas, Gillespie County, Fredericksburg — Lyndon B. Johnson — Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy Reserve — Service in the Pacific, 1942 —
"President Roosevelt wanted his own eyes and ears in the field. I was the navy officer picked to go." Congressman Lyndon Baines Johnson joined the U.S. Naval Reserves in June of 1940. Immediately after the attack on Pearl Harbor, he . . . Map (db m191113) HM

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Jun. 1, 2023