Established in 1849 by Doss brothers. Operated 1859-1878 by William F. Lange; 1878-1888 by Julius Lange. Its products were famed throughout the region. One of the last of the old burr mills in Texas; one of few in as perfect a state of preservation. . . . — — Map (db m91745) HM
Ten charter members constituted Squaw Creek Primitive Baptist Church in 1901, and Elder S.N. Redford served as pastor from 1901 until 1907. Services were held in homes and in the Squaw Creek School until 1911, when members began meeting in the . . . — — Map (db m91743) HM
Organized by German Lutherans in September 1896 under a brush arbor at nearby Langes Mill, this church has been part of Gillespie County history for over 100 years. A frame church building erected in 1898 was replaced by this Gothic Revival . . . — — Map (db m91744) HM
Dedicated to the legacy of Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, U.S. Navy
Made possible by grants from City of Fredericksburg · Frost · County of Gillespie · Albert & Ethel Herzstein Charitable Foundation · The Eugene McDermott . . . — — Map (db m183163) WM
"The Triplets", as family and friends would call them, were born July 13th 1926 in Olney, Texas. Upon their enlisting in 1944, the Department of the Navy released this photo to the media who titled it "Triple Threat for Tokyo."
The boys, who . . . — — Map (db m196272) HM WM
Dedicated to the Men and Officers of
"Lefty's Wolfpack" "The Fighting Forty-Eight"
48th Bomb Squadron, 41st Bomb Group, 7th Air Force Pacific 1942-1945
Awarded Five Battle Stars for Participation in the Pacific Air War . . . — — Map (db m209031) WM
Dedicated to the Memory of
The U.S.S. Samuel B. Roberts (DE-413)
Commissioned: April 28, 1944 Sunk in Action: October 25, 1944 Earned One Battle Star for World War II Service
Awarded the Presidential Unit Citation "for . . . — — Map (db m209019) HM WM
Dedicated to the Memory of Those Who Served U.S.S. Jamestown (AGP-3)
"In the Dark of the Solomon's Moon"
Awarded Presidential Unit Citation, May 26, 1944
Credited With Probable Sinking of Two Enemy Submarines,
and Two Battle . . . — — Map (db m209033) WM
First Commissioned 1942-Final Decommissioning 1968
Earned 6 Battle Stars for World War II Service
Navy Occupation Service Medals-Asia and Europe
Philippine Republic Presidential Unit Citation
Earned 1 Battle Star for Korean War . . . — — Map (db m197444) WM
Commissioned 18 October 1944
Decommissioned 26 June 1946
Assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific
for World War II Service-One Star
Amphibious Forces Insignia
American Area Campaign Ribbon
Asiatic-Pacific Area . . . — — Map (db m197454) WM
Dedicated to all
who served aboard the "Mattie"
U.S.S. Mattaponi (AO-41) "30 Year Veteran Auxiliary Oiler"
Commissioned 1942 - Final Decommission 1972
World War II Korean War Vietnam War
American Campaign Medal . . . — — Map (db m209010) WM
Dedicated to the memory of our shipmates who served aboard the 'Mighty Monty'
U.S.S. Montpelier (CL-57)
Cruiser Division 12
Commissioned 9 Sept 1942 * World War II Service *
Thirteen Battle Stars
Navy Unit Citation . . . — — Map (db m211344) WM
Commissioned 24 September 1944
Decommissioned 6 June 1946
Earned One Battle Star for the Okinawa Campaign
Casualties two, Fatalities none
American Theater Medal
Asiatic Pacific Medal (One Star)
Philippine . . . — — Map (db m197479) WM
Commissioned 28 August 1942, Decommissioned 31 May 1946 Recommissioned DDE-468 3 December 1951, Decommissioned 2 July 1969 Transferred July 1969 to Italian Navy as Lancier (D-560), Served to January 1971
★ World War II Service . . . — — Map (db m197450) WM
Dedicated to those who served aboard
U.S.S. Toledo (CA-133)
Awarded Five Battle Stars for Service during the Korean Conflict
Awarded the Republic of Korea
Presidential Unit Citation
Commissioned October 27, 1946 . . . — — Map (db m211514) WM
Dedicated to all who served in U.S.S. Trenton (CL-11)
Eighth of ten Omaha Class Cruisers
Rear Admiral Chester W. Nimitz's First Flagship
On 9 July 1938, Admiral Nimitz broke his First Flag as COMCRUDIV 2 in . . . — — Map (db m209014) HM WM
This 5 inch/38 gun on the Mark 21 open pedestal mount would have been used primarily on Attack Transports (APA), Attack Cargo (AKA), auxiliaries and armed merchant ships. The merchant ships would have a detachment of Navy Armed Guard to man the . . . — — Map (db m196775) HM
During WW I, the United States Army ordered large numbers of the 75mm Field Gun, Model of 1897 (French), the famous "French 75." The weapons manufactured to U.S. specifications were converted to become the 75mm Field Gun, M1897A4 in the late 1920s. . . . — — Map (db m196702) HM
During Fredericksburgs 150th anniversary, we celebrate the enduring friendship between the Comanche Nation and the people of Gillespie County.
We honor the Comanches who helped to create and preserve this relationship and their descendants . . . — — Map (db m94228) HM
Local banker Adolph Gold (1869-1931), one of the developers of Fredericksburg's first subdivision in 1900, had this house built for his family in the subdivision in 1901. The house remained in the Gold family until 1988. Built in a center passage . . . — — Map (db m197105) HM
The Essex-class carriers comprised 24 ships and served from the commissioning of USS Essex (CV-9) on 31 Dec 1942 to the decommissioning of USS Lexington (CV-16) on 8 Nov 1991. Initially, the Navy envisioned carriers serving as fleet scouts, taking . . . — — Map (db m196556) HM
Missouri native Albert Lee Patton (1851-1934), trained as a tinsmith, moved to Fredericksburg in the early 1870s. In 1897 he constructed this two-story native limestone building adjacent to the east side of his general mercantile and hardware . . . — — Map (db m163924) HM
Dedicated to all who served at any time with the
and Support Units
First Army to leave United States WWII
Task Force 6814 Jan. 23, 1942
Melbourne, Australia Feb. 26, . . . — — Map (db m209008) WM
The massive structure above the flight deck is called the island. The island contains the main command and navigation positions, sea cabins for top commanders, radar and radio shacks, weather station, flight deck control office, chart room, pilot . . . — — Map (db m196543) HM
On October 24, 1944 an unmarked Japanese freighter named the Arisan Maru was torpedoed and sunk by an American submarine in the South China Sea at Bashi Straits in latitude 20°41' north and longitude 118°27' east. Either the USS Shark II or USS . . . — — Map (db m211502) WM
Johann Heinrich Baethge (1814-1888), his wife Sophie Konradine (Pape) (1824-1888), and their two children immigrated to Texas from Germany in 1854. They lived at several locations in the central Texas area before settling here on about 120 acres in . . . — — Map (db m196985) HM
Early settlers in Fredericksburg worshiped together in a community church, the Vereins Kirche. On March 27, 1887, the Rev. John Heinzelmann and about 80 families organized a separate congregation known as Die Evangelische Kirche (The . . . — — Map (db m35863) HM
Typical early Fredericksburg home built 1866 by Carl Basse. Property of the Henke family since 1873. Heinrich Henke, early settler, Confederate freighter, had butcher counter on front porch; meat processing was done in back yard; there the horses . . . — — Map (db m94092) HM
Captain George P. Hunt, USMCR, veteran of the 1st Marine Division assaults on Guadalcanal, Cape Gloucester (where he earned the Silver Star) and Peleliu (where he earned the Navy Cross). At Peleliu, a 26 year old Captain Hunt commanded K Company, . . . — — Map (db m211447) WM
Ensign in the Navy Served at Naval Hospital in Long Beach California from June 1945 to August 1946
1938-1942 in California
Graduates from Pomona College with a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Physical Education.
1942-1945 in Ohio . . . — — Map (db m196397) HM
This complex represents a well preserved grouping of stone and wood buildings. The "Old School", a pioneer-crafted one-room structure built on land donated by Carl Durst, opened in 1883-84 with ten students. Facilities added over the years include . . . — — Map (db m160377) HM
School classes for the children of German immigrants in the Cherry Spring community were held in homes until 1885, when this limestone schoolhouse was completed on land donated by H. Bratherich. On dedication day, students formed a parade to the new . . . — — Map (db m91632) HM
German Lutherans in the community of Cherry Spring began meeting together for worship in the 1850s. Diedrich Rode (1828-1925), a licensed lay minister, provided space in his home for worship services and Sunday school. Christ Church congregation was . . . — — Map (db m91642) HM
A native of Germany, Christian Crenwelge migrated to this area in 1854 and worked as a farmer and cabinetmaker. At a sheriff's land sale in 1872 he bought this property located across the street from his home. For a short time he operated a . . . — — Map (db m164008) HM
Several black families were residing in Gillespie County by the 1870s. A schoolhouse was built in 1877 on property adjacent to this later church site. Blacks probably met in the school for worship services before this church was completed 10 years . . . — — Map (db m111261) HM
In proud remembrance of the achievements of her sons at Iwo Jima 1945, this memorial has been dedicated by the citizens of Comanche County, Texas.
Adams, Elbert H. USCG Adcock, Leonard W. USMC Almand, Allen O. USMM Anderson, Henry A. . . . — — Map (db m211351) WM
Nimitz's intelligence personnel, decoding Japanese message traffic in early May 1942, determined Japan would attack Midway Island soon. Not convinced, Navy headquarters in Washington believed Japan would strike in other areas.
Even while . . . — — Map (db m196892) HM
The Commanding Officer was the highest ranking officer on this frontier post. As such, his life was a mixture of meager privileges and grave responsibility. The commanding officer was entrusted with the security and defense of the post and, . . . — — Map (db m122976) HM
This two-story stone structure served as the fourth jail for Gillespie County, organized in 1848. It was constructed by the firm of C.F. Priess and Bro. in 1885. The ground floor housed a holding area and living quarters for the jailer. The second . . . — — Map (db m94291) HM
German immigrants who came to Fredericksburg in the late 1840s and who later settled in this area erected a native limestone school which opened in 1878 with about 40 students. The land was donated by farmer Mathias Schmidt who according to local . . . — — Map (db m91631) HM
This marl and limestone hill, elevation 1,915 feet, was an Indian signal point, advancing news of the intrusions of white settlers. The hill was first recorded and described by the German geologist, Dr. Ferdinand Roemer in 1847. A timber cross found . . . — — Map (db m71921) HM
Built in 1851 by the Rev. Gottlieb Burchard Dangers (1811-69), soon after his purchase of this town lot from Friedrich Pape. Dangers, who had emigrated from Germany in 1849, was the second Protestant minister in Fredericksburg. The two rooms in the . . . — — Map (db m196992) HM
Of the Omaha class scout cruisers, the U.S.S. Richmond, third ship bearing the Richmond name, spent her entire service in Atlantic and Pacific Ocean operational areas. During peaceful years she was frequently a cruiser division flagship and until . . . — — Map (db m211356) WM
The valiant men and women, both living and dead, who gallantly fought against over- whelming odds to defend the Philippine Islands from invading Japanese forces at the outbreak of World War II.
With broken heart and head bowed in sadness but not . . . — — Map (db m211444) WM
This group of building was constructed by German native Diedrich Rode (1828-1905). The three-story limestone residence was completed in 1880 and featured a third floor storage area for wool and cotton produced on the land. A Lutheran, Rode served as . . . — — Map (db m91644) HM
The original part of this stone structure containing a cellar with a vault ceiling, was built in the early 1850s on property owned by John Schmidtzinsky, a pioneer area settler. Once used as a pharmacy, it housed H. R. Richter's Jewelry store in the . . . — — Map (db m61849) HM
World War II was a time of solidarity. A Time when Americans had a love of country, . . . — — Map (db m196526) WM
"I hate war as only a soldier who has lived it can, only as one who has seen its brutality, its stupidity."
When war was declared in 1941, Brigadier General Dwight Eisenhower was immediately ordered to Washington to become Deputy Chief . . . — — Map (db m191117) HM
Fredericksburg, the county seat of Gillespie County, is steeped in history.
Deriving its name from Prince Frederick of Prussia, this Texas town was founded on May 8, 1846, by 120 German immigrants under the auspices of the . . . — — Map (db m94093) HM
the county seat of Gillespie County, is steeped in history.
Deriving its name from Prince Frederick of Prussia, this Texas town was founded on May 8, 1846, by 120 German immigrants under the auspices of the . . . — — Map (db m196215) HM
Chester William Nimitz was born on 24 February 1885 in the house at 249 East Main Street. Shortly before Chester was born, his father died and Chester and his mother, Anna, moved into the Nimitz Hotel, located behind you. Charles Henry Nimitz, . . . — — Map (db m196876) HM
From its summit, in the fall of 1841, Captain John C. Hays, while surrounded by Comanche Indians who cut him off from his ranging company, repulsed the whole band and inflicted upon them such heavy losses that they fled. — — Map (db m220772) HM
When the first Essex-class carriers arrived in the Pacific in mid-1943, Rear Admiral Charles Pownall commanded the carrier task force. The carriers USS Essex (CV-9), lead ship of the class, and USS Yorktown (CV-10) first raided Japanese . . . — — Map (db m196551) HM
Pintado made six war patrols in enemy waters, during which she disposed of five naval vessels and ten merchantmen of the Empire of Japan, sunk or otherwise disabled, totaling 132,900 tons of enemy shipping. During her fifth patrol, she . . . — — Map (db m42424) HM
The original one-story section of this residence was constructed by Felix Van Der Stucken (1833-1912) soon after he purchased the site in 1864. The two-story addition was completed later. A native of Belgium, Van Der Stucken operated a nearby . . . — — Map (db m156241) HM
Oldest Methodist church in the Hill Country. Founded 1849 as a German mission by the Rev. Eduard Schneider. The charter members: Melchior and Rosine Bauer; Johann and Margaretha Durst; Friedrich and Sophie Ellebracht; Ernst and Dorothea Houy; . . . — — Map (db m135089) HM
... was born in Fredericksburg, Texas on October 16, 1858. Anxiety about the Civil War caused the family to return to their native city of Antwerp, Belgium. There young Frank studied music under masters and made his first public debut of his . . . — — Map (db m94229) HM
"As Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy, I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense. Long will we remember the character of the onslaught against us."
Franklin D. Roosevelt had been President for almost nine years . . . — — Map (db m191120) HM
Fredericksburg Masonic Lodge No. 794 traces its history to 1896 when a warrant of dispensation was granted by the Grand Lodge of Texas, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons. The first Worshipful Master, D.C. Darroch, was installed by Neal Caldwell, . . . — — Map (db m177601) HM
Born in Florida. Graduated from West Point. Fought in Mexican War. On the Texas frontier in the 1850s, commanded Camps Belknap, Cooper and Colorado.
In 1860 and many years afterwards was a partner of J. M. Hunter of Fredericksburg in a . . . — — Map (db m117735) HM
1963 Honors Graduate, Fredericksburg High School 1968 Graduate United States Naval Academy, with Distinction Master of Arts National Security and Strategic Studies, Naval War College Graduate Command and Staff College and the U.S. Naval . . . — — Map (db m196186) WM
"I have often wondered why me, why was I spared when others died. I'll never know the answer to that question; but I do know that terrifying experience helped me to become a man."
On June 12, 1942, his 18th birthday and the day after he . . . — — Map (db m191086) HM
"Before the war, I was a typical Midwest isolationist. I returned understanding we could never be isolated again."
Gerald R. Ford volunteered for the Navy shortly after the attack on Pearl Harbor. He first served as a fitness instructor . . . — — Map (db m191110) HM
The trails of roving Indians
crossed these hills
Settled by German pioneers
A group of Mormons settled
at Zodiac in 1847.
Created February 23, 1848
Organized June 5, 1848
Named for Richard Addison Gillespie
A Texan . . . — — Map (db m94337) HM
“I bore you on eagle wings and brought you unto myself”
Dedicated to all Gillespie County citizens who gave their life in the armed services of our country
World War I
Louis J. Jordan Henry Koch Edward H. . . . — — Map (db m94230) WM
From 1846 to the 1970s, forty-four school districts served the educational needs of the children of Gillespie County. This marker honors the history of public education in Gillespie County and the Vereins Kirche, the first public school established . . . — — Map (db m94226) HM
By 1848, Carl Hilmar Guenther (1826-1902), master millwright, had completed his apprenticeship in Germany and immigrated to the U.S.. In search of opportunities and a good grist mill site, he journeyed south from Wisconsin to New Orleans, and then . . . — — Map (db m135095) HM
In the Civil War, at this site, E. Krauskopf, gunsmith, and Adolph Lungkwitz, silversmith, made gun caps. Inventing machinery, they rolled copper thin and cut it to cap-size pieces saltpetre and quicksilver went into the caps, to detonate rifle . . . — — Map (db m157151) HM
Lt.Col, US Air Force
First Allied soldier
to step foot on Japanese soil under Potsdam Ultimatum
A plane that was classified as beyond repair, no piloting skills, a remote part of Java, no maps and no . . . — — Map (db m211508) WM
"We must work to bind up the wounds of a suffering world to build an abiding peace, a peace rooted in justice and in law."
Harry S. Truman later called his first year as president a "year of decisions." In January 1945 he took the oath . . . — — Map (db m191119) HM
This home was built in 1872-73 by German immigrant Heinrich Bierschwale, a teacher in the rural schools of Gillespie and Mason counties. He later served as county and district clerk in Gillespie County. The two-story stone vernacular house . . . — — Map (db m163966) HM
Descended from the Rev. Henrich S.W. Basse, a Lutheran pastor sent by the Adelsverein to serve German settlers in this area, Henry and Hugo Basse operated the Basse Brothers Cement Yard and created the Basse block, a popular building material in . . . — — Map (db m164012) HM
Fredericksburg native Henry Cordes (b. 1861) had this limestone residence constructed in 1893. Originally a three-room structure, it is a good example of the quality craftsmanship practiced by early area stonemasons. The grounds include a . . . — — Map (db m163967) HM
Built at the turn of the century for J.A. Hoerster, this structure has housed a number of businesses over the years and was later owned by the Wieser family for over 52 years. The limestone Victorian commercial building exhibits its original . . . — — Map (db m163920) HM
This congregation traces its origins to the first Protestant services held in Fredericksburg by the Rev. Henry Basse in 1846. Members worshiped at the old Vereins Kirche until 1888 when Carl Priess gave this lot for a new building. The first portion . . . — — Map (db m94293) HM
Oct 2, 1939 - Oct 20, 1945
1st Composite Squadron
Good Conduct, Asiatic-Pacific Theater Campaign,
Europe & Middle East Theater Campaign,
American Defense, World War II Victory, . . . — — Map (db m197379) WM
Commissioner-General of the Society for
the Protection of German Immigrants in Texas
who became a citizen of the Republic of Texas
under the name of John O. Meusebach.
Founder of Fredericksburg on May 8, 1846.
On March 1-2, 1847, he . . . — — Map (db m35893) HM
Joseph W. and Ruth (Huffman) Baines, maternal grandparents of President Lyndon Baines Johnson, built their home here in 1904, following Joseph's service in the Civil War and a career as a journalist, Texas Secretary of State, legislator and . . . — — Map (db m197044) HM
Born and educated in Plattenhardt, Germany. Came to Texas in 1846 and settled in Gillespie County. He became the second school teacher of the Vereins Kirche. He was also involved in the development of Gillespie County by serving as county surveyor, . . . — — Map (db m94227) HM
Born in Redert, Nassau, Germany, Jacob Neffendorf (1822-1910) came to Texas in 1845 aboard the barque Neptune. He was in the group who surveyed the Fredericksburg townsite and also helped move families here from New Braunfels in 1846. . . . — — Map (db m197055) HM
"No one ever thought the Japanese would surrender, so there seemed to be no alternative to a massive invasion."
James Earl Carter, Jr., entered the Naval Academy in 1943. Because of the war, his class was accelerated, and he graduated . . . — — Map (db m191108) HM
"... the courage of a man who does what he must - in spite of personal consequences, in spite of obstacles and dangers and pressures, is the basis of all human morality."
John F. Kennedy joined the Navy in 1941 despite a back injury . . . — — Map (db m191116) HM
To be a Texan, Meusebach gave up title of baron in 1845. As commissioner-general, German-Emigration Company, he founded Fredericksburg in 1846 as gateway to Fisher-Miller land grant, hunting ground of the Comanche. By emptying his firearms, he won . . . — — Map (db m91648) HM
Major in the Army Field Artillery Served in Australia, New Guinea, Luzon, and Japan from December 1941 to February 1946
1932-1940 in California
Army Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps at Poly High School in Long Beach. Citizens' . . . — — Map (db m196399) HM
German-born Frederick Kiehne (1811-98), a blacksmith and Gillespie County commissioner, built this structure in 1850. It was the first two-story home in Fredericksburg, although many older residences had sleeping lofts. The hand-cut limestone, adobe . . . — — Map (db m197358) HM
Johann Jost Klingelhoeffer left Europe in 1846 seeking freedom and economic opportunities. The family sailed to the port of Indianola then traveled to New Braunfels before arriving in Fredericksburg. It is believed that Klingelhoeffer built . . . — — Map (db m157106) HM
This limestone building was constructed about 1870 when the property was owned by John Adams Alberthal. It was designed with a commercial area on the front and a two-story residential section in the back. Christian Kloth purchased the home in 1878, . . . — — Map (db m111262) HM
Frederick Kuenemann and his family sailed from Bremen, Germany in September 1845. Once in Texas they faced great hardship, walking epidemic-crowded roads to New Braunfels, suffering the death of one daughter on the way and arriving in newly . . . — — Map (db m164047) HM
John O. Meusebach, German settler and founder of Fredericksburg, and Penatuka Comanche chief, Santanna share a peace pipe on May 7, 1847, at the signing of the treaty between the People of Fredericksburg and the Comanche Nation. The standing . . . — — Map (db m35884) HM
In his biography of Nimitz, E.B. Potter wrote,
"In a sense Nimitz had spent his whole life preparing for the post of Commander in Chief Pacific. He was, probably as much as any commander in history, a self-created officer. Evidence suggests . . . — — Map (db m196897) HM
Constructed shortly after Civil War on townlot grant of German Emigration Co. Bought in 1868 by Heinrich Ochs, pioneer school teacher. Owned by family 61 years. Has been home and store with floor plan virtually unchanged since erection. . . . — — Map (db m163937) HM
Log room and loft were built by German emigrant Gerhard Rorig as his home in first winter of Fredericksburg's existence, 1846- 47. Noted cabinetmaker Johann Martin Loeffler added typical rock and half-timber rooms and cooking fireplace, 1867; his . . . — — Map (db m157148) HM
Lt. Col. Jack K. Lee
Fallen Heros Memorial
U.S. Air Force
Nov. 16, 1924 - Aug. 5, 2004
WWII - Korea - Viet Nam
For God and Country
Capt. Andrew R. Houghton
A Troop, 3rd Plt., 1st Sqd., 4th U.S. Cav.,
1st Inf. Div., U.S. . . . — — Map (db m94094) WM
"President Roosevelt wanted his own eyes and ears in the field. I was the navy officer picked to go."
Congressman Lyndon Baines Johnson joined the U.S. Naval Reserves in June of 1940. Immediately after the attack on Pearl Harbor, he . . . — — Map (db m191113) HM
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