“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Former U.S. Presidents: #26 Theodore Roosevelt Historical Markers

View west of the marker in the middle of the cul-de-sac. image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, January 14, 2017
View west of the marker in the middle of the cul-de-sac.
1Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Albert Carey Danner — 1843~1921 —
Born in Winchester, Virginia, he moved to Missouri where at age 17 he enlisted in the State Guard. In 1861 he became a Private in the Confederate States Army, was captured during the Battle of Wilson's Creek and escaped. Captain Danner . . . Map (db m100880) HM
2Alabama (Chambers County), Cusseta — Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid / Pat Garrett, "The Man Who Shot Billy the Kid"
Side 1 Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid As sheriff of Lincoln County, Pat Garrett was charged with tracking down and arresting Billy the Kid, a friend from Garrett's saloon keeping days in Fort Sumner, New Mexico. He was captured . . . Map (db m83262) HM
3Alabama (Escambia County), Flomaton — Flomaton, Alabama
Front As railroads were reconstructed following the Civil War, a junction of north-south and east-west lines was established along the Alabama-Florida border near the confluence of Big Escambia Creek and the Conecuh-Escambia River. A . . . Map (db m47484) HM
4Alabama (Lee County), Auburn — Auburn 1865~Present / The "Loveliest Village"
Side 1 Auburn 1865~Present Only one house was built in the village in the decade after the Civil War, and though the state took over the bankrupt college in 1872, the institution received no state appropriation until 1883. . . . Map (db m79947) HM
5Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Buffalo SoldiersHuntsville, AL
After the Civil War, the future of African-Americans in the United States Army was in doubt. In July 1866, Congress passed legislation establishing two cavalry and four infantry regiments to be made up of African-American soldiers. The mounted . . . Map (db m75092) HM WM
6Alabama (Shelby County), Montevallo — The President's Oval Office / The Glorious Burden
(side 1) The President's Oval Office In this building is a full-scale replica of the White House Oval Office. When John and Abigail Adams first moved into The White House in 1800, it contained three oval rooms, inspired by . . . Map (db m101531) HM
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7Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — Weatherford Hotel1898/1899
John Weatherford, who was raised in Weatherford, Texas, came to Flagstaff in 1886. He decided to stay here because he fell in love with the San Francisco Peaks at first sight. He tried his hand in several occupations, everything from saloon keeper . . . Map (db m59507) HM
8Arizona (Coconino County), Grand Canyon National Park — Buckey O'Neill CabinGrand Canyon National Park
In the early 1890s (exact date unknown) Buckey O'Neill built a log cabin here on Grand Canyon's south rim. It stands in front of you; it is Grand Canyon's oldest surviving historic structure. Grand Canyon's modern era began with people like . . . Map (db m39545) HM
9Arizona (Coconino County), Jacob Lake — Theodore Roosevelt
In memory of Theodore Roosevelt 1858 'Teddy' 1919 Est. Grand Canyon National Game Preserve ‘06 Map (db m94913) HM
10Arizona (Maricopa County), Apache Junction — Welcome to the Apache Trail Historic Road
"The Apache Trail combines the grandeur of the Alps, the Glory of the Rockies, the magnificence of the Grand Canyon and then adds an indefinable something that none of the others have. To me, it is the most awe-inspiring and most sublimely . . . Map (db m34066) HM
11Arizona (Navajo County), Fort Apache — Commanding Officers' Quarters (104)
A classic Victorian mansion, this building clearly represents some of the Army's architectural motivations. Recognizing the difficulties for officers and their families of being assigned to remote posts, the Army built homes such as this one to . . . Map (db m36782) HM
12Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Carrillo Intermediate School
Carrillo School was named for the prominent Tucson businessman, Leopoldo Carrillo. During the 1880's, the site contained the Carrillo Gardens, the city's first park with eight acres of spring-fed artificial lakes, gardens and a recreational center. . . . Map (db m83016) HM
13Arizona (Yavapai County), Prescott — Hotel St. Michael
The cornerstone of historic "Whiskey Row", the Hotel St. Michael, represents the coming of age of Prescott's hostelries. Constructed on the site of the modest Hotel Burke, which burned in 1900, the new three-story hotel was designed by D. W. Millard . . . Map (db m33065) HM
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14Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — Commanding Officer's Quarters & Kitchen
In 1859, steamboat entrepreneur George Alonzo Johnson built a riverside home for his bride, Estefana Alvarado. Now known as the Commanding Officer's Quarters, the home is believed to be Arizona's oldest Anglo-built adobe building. In the . . . Map (db m28999) HM
15Arkansas (Benton County), Bella Vista — United States Commanders in Chief
[Written on the initial marker, provided for context] Our Constitution names the President of the United States the Commander in Chief of all the Armed Forces. Presidents who have served in our military are displayed on the following . . . Map (db m92421) HM WM
16Arkansas (Pulaski County), Little Rock — Roosevelt Visits Little Rock
On October 25, 1905, Theodore Roosevelt became only the second sitting president to visit our state. His visit was a key stop on a southern tour following the election of 1904 in which he was elected easily but failed to win any states of the former . . . Map (db m116375) HM
17California (Alameda County), Berkeley — Benjamin Ide Wheeler House and GardenEdgar A. Mathew, Architect, 1900 — Louis Hobart, Architect, 1911 —
City of Berkeley Landmarks designated in 1986 When prominent educator Benjamin Ide Wheeler became president of the University of California in 1899, he and his wife built this spacious home. They entertained many dignitaries here, including . . . Map (db m53890) HM
18California (Kern County), Mojave — Rotary Rocket Roton ATVFirst Rocket Powered Vehicle to Fly At Mojave Spaceport — 1999 A.D. —
Far better it is to dare mighty thinkigs...even through checkered by failure, than to rank with those timid spirits who neither enjoy nor suffer much because they live in the gray twilight that knows not victory nor defeat. Theodore . . . Map (db m53128) HM
19California (Los Angeles County), Long Beach — In Their Honor
The Long Beach Navy Memorial pays tribute to the city’s naval heritage Long Beach's naval history dates back to 1908 with the arrival of President Theodore Roosevelt's 16-ship Great White Fleet. By the 1920s Long Beach established itself . . . Map (db m157406) HM WM
20California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Charles Lummis
The Adventures Begin Charles Fletcher Lummis was a journalist, adventurer, preservationist, librarian, poet, and life-long activist on behalf of Native Americans. He was born in Lynn, Massachusetts, in 1859. His mother died of . . . Map (db m135777) HM
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21California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Spring Street
Wall Street of the West In Northern California, they panned gold in the mountain canyons. In Southern California, they made gold, in the concrete canyons of Spring Street.Map (db m121038) HM
22California (Los Angeles County), San Pedro — Fort MacArthur / 500 Varas Square Historic DistrictPort of Los Angeles
Juan Rodriquez Cabrillo, exploring for Spain, discovered Alta California and named San Pedro Bay, “Bahia de los Fumos” (Bay of Smokes), October 1542. The smoke on the Bay shore came from the native Suang-Na Indian Fires. Sebastian . . . Map (db m127129) HM
23California (Madera County), Ahwahnee — Ahwahnee Tavern
Historic way-station on the old stage road, Raymond to Wawona. The tavern was built by William Sell in the late 1880's lunch was served to many notable people such as: President Theodore Roosevelt, Susan B Anthony, Andrew Carnegie, John D . . . Map (db m149057) HM
24California (Madera County), Ahwahnee — Shay's Blacksmith Shop & Canary Cottage
John C Shay settled in Grub Gulch at the turn of the 20th century to mine gold. When his mining efforts failed he homesteaded the land, built this shop and started blacksmithing. He serviced the numerous wagons, stages and horse travelers that . . . Map (db m147957) HM
25California (Mariposa County), Fish Camp — Celebrating the Mariposa GroveMariposa Grove of Giant Sequoias — Yosemite National Park
Trees Worthy of a Nation's Protection, June 30,1864 In the midst of the Civil War President Abraham Lincoln signed the Yosemite Grant Act. This established Yosemite Valley and the Mariposa Grove as the first federally protected wild places in . . . Map (db m160408) HM
26California (Mariposa County), Yosemite National Park — President Theodore Roosevelt & John Muir Meeting SiteYosemite National Park
On this site President Theodore Roosevelt sat beside a campfire with John Muir on May 17, 1903 and talked forest good. Muir urged the President to work for preservation and priceless remnants of America’s wilderness. At this spot one of our . . . Map (db m62853) HM
27California (Placer County), Auburn — 138 - 06 — Auburn Depot
The Auburn depot is the fourth depot constructed (1902) on this hill. The original depot was constructed in 1865 when the Transcontinental Railroad came through Auburn. It burned down and was replaced in 1870. The second depot was sold and . . . Map (db m81586) HM
28California (San Diego County), San Diego — Moreton Bay Fig
Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus Macrophylla native to Australia) In 1904 the House of Representative legislated protection of this tree. Requested by President Theodore Roosevelt after a visit of the area. This tree is now over 200 years old.Map (db m70319) HM
29California (San Diego County), San Diego — San Diego: Birthplace of Naval AviationThe Promise 1908 - 1910
In 1907, President Theodore Roosevelt sent America's battleships, called the Great White Fleet, on a world cruise. Dispatched largely as a goodwill gesture to Japan, the Fleet was scheduled to make San Francisco its first U.S. stop. Led by . . . Map (db m114833) HM
30California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Dewey Monument
(Panel 1) On the night of April Thirtieth 1898 Commodore Deweys squadron entered Manila Bay and undaunted by the danger of submerged explosives reached Manila at dawn of May First 1898 • Attacked and destroyed the Spanish fleet of ten war . . . Map (db m15075) HM
31California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — History of Union Square
1839 Jean Vioget laid out the first plan of Yerba Buena (later San Francisco), showing the Union Square site as a future park. 1847 Jasper O’Farrell created a second, more accurate plan for the blocks of San Francisco, designating . . . Map (db m71915) HM
32California (Santa Cruz County), Santa Cruz — The Cocoanut GroveDancing through the years
Early in the Casino’s history a concert band played on the beach bandstand on summer afternoons and changed into tuxedos for evening dances in the ballroom. In 1924 Isham Jone’s band brought jazz to the Cocoanut Grove. 1932 introduced . . . Map (db m62791) HM
33Colorado (Adams County), Commerce City — Habitat for Wildlife - A Rich History
Rocky Mountain Arsenal National Wildlife Refuge Located just eleven miles northeast of downtown Denver, the Refuge is the largest contiguous open space in the Denver metropolitan area. A major environmental restoration program will be . . . Map (db m119390) HM
34Colorado (Garfield County), Rifle — Rifle / The Rock That Burns / Colorado Wilderness / Rifle Country
Rifle During the U.S. Geological Survey of 1876, A.C. Peale wrote the word "rifle" on his map to mark the location of a misplaced firearm. The gun was never found, but the name stuck. Founded in 1882, Rifle attracted a steady flow of . . . Map (db m120749) HM
35Colorado (Lincoln County), Hugo — Welcome to Lincoln County
Welcome to Lincoln County, Home of Pioneer Hospitality! With its cowboy and homesteader heritage, Lincoln County is infused with an old-time spirit of hospitality. The discovery of gold in the Colorado mountains brought large cattle . . . Map (db m107246) HM
36Colorado (Montrose County), Montrose — The Gunnison Tunnel
The Tunnel That Made the Desert Bloom Early settlers in the Uncompahgre Valley found getting water to the fertile but arid soil an ongoing challenge. Originally, irrigation water from the Uncompahgre River was diverted onto the land through . . . Map (db m120134) HM
37Connecticut (Fairfield County), Stamford — Freedom Shrine
Freedom Shrine Created by the National Exchange Club to strengthen citizen appreciation of our American heritage Presented by the Exchange Club of Stamford Dedicated June 14, 1979 [ Reproductions of historic American documents are . . . Map (db m38610) HM
38Connecticut (Fairfield County), Stratford — Planted in Memory of Theodore Roosevelt
Planted in Memory Of Theodore Roosevelt On the 100th Anniversary Of His Birth October 27, 1958 Capt. David Hawley Society C.A.R. Map (db m53238) HM
39Connecticut (Hartford County), Hartford — President Theodore Roosevelt1858 - 1919
First US President to ride in an automobile and on that ride he passed this corner May 22, 1902Map (db m151936) HM
40Connecticut (Hartford County), Simsbury — Gifford Pinchot Birthplace
Gifford Pinchot Birthplace Gifford Pinchot (1865 – 1946)was for more than 50 years a staunch advocate of forestry and conservation in the United States. He was born on this site on August 11, 1865 to James Wallace Pinchot and Mary Jane Eno; . . . Map (db m88140) HM
41Connecticut (Hartford County), Simsbury — The Pinchot Sycamore
circumference 23 feet 7 inches Dedicated May 1, 1965 in memory of Gifford Pinchot 1865--1946 Born in Simsbury, Connecticut, co-founder of the Yale School of Forestry, first chief of the U.S. Forestry Service, Conservation Advisor . . . Map (db m92161) HM
42Connecticut (New Haven County), East Haven — East Haven
This area, purchased by the Reverend John Davenport and Theophilus Eaton in 1638, was later known as East Farms. It was obtained from Indian sachems Momaugin and Mantowese. In 1639 Thomas Gregson, the first landowner, purchased Solitary Cove, . . . Map (db m35312) HM
43Connecticut (New Haven County), East Haven — Site of the Theodore Roosevelt Oak
This is the Site Of The Theodore Roosevelt Oak Given by The President of The United States To the Town of East Haven On May 1, 1908 Erected by The East Haven Women's Club 1965Map (db m35580) HM
44Connecticut (Tolland County), Vernon — Vernon
First settled by families from East Windsor in 1716 and originally a part of East Windsor and Bolton, the Town of Vernon was incorporated in 1808 by division of the Town of Bolton. In 1889 the City of Rockville, named from the Rock Mill, was . . . Map (db m111842) HM
45District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 11 — Harry CountryTop of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail —
By 1900, 12 large families — often intermarried — came to dominate the village that was Tennallytown: the Burrows, Chappell, Harry, Hurdle, Paxton, Perna, Poore, Queen, Riley, Robey, Shoemaker, and Walther clans. This is Harry country, . . . Map (db m184982) HM
46District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Cortelyou House1891 — Residence of George B. Cortelyou —
This residence was designed by architect Appleton P. Clark, Jr. and built in 1891 for Daniel Birtwell. In 1900, George Bruce Cortelyou occupied the house when he became secretary to President McKinley. Cortelyou continued to serve in public office . . . Map (db m69292) HM
47District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown Washington — Executive Office Building
Originally State, War, and Navy Departments Constructed 1871-1888 South Wing Ground broken June 1871 Completed December 1875 East Wing Ground broken July 1872 Completed April 1879 North Wing Ground broken July 1879 Completed December 1882 West . . . Map (db m71253) HM
48District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle — Theodore RooseveltDupont Circle — Diverse Visions | One Neighborhood —
Theodore Roosevelt resided in a number of houses in Dupont Circle. Two still standing are 1215 19th St. and 1820 Jefferson St. In 1898, he lived at 1810 N St. (below, since razed). That year he led a volunteer cavalry called the Rough Riders . . . Map (db m96038) HM
49District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle — Theodore Roosevelt1858 - 1919
"Only he can become a good citizen who remains true to the heritage of his native land." This plaque is dedicated in gratitude to the memory of: Theodore Roosevelt the 26th President of the United States, signer of the . . . Map (db m113912) HM
50District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — 9 — Completing the TriangleMake No Little Plans — Federal Triangle Heritage Trail —
The Ronald Reagan Building and International Trade Center honoring the 40th president, filled the last open space in the Federal Triangle. When former First Lady Nancy Reagan dedicated it in 1998, the redevelopment of this area of . . . Map (db m57205) HM
51District of Columbia (Washington), Foggy Bottom — The American Red Cross
Generations of Americans have given themselves to help others at home and around the world through the American Red Cross, generously donating time, money and blood. They have helped feed, shelter, and clothe those in need—from thousands of . . . Map (db m131073) HM
52District of Columbia (Washington), Logan Circle — Theodore Roosevelt Worshiped Here RegularlyGrace Reformed Church
Theodore Roosevelt worshiped here regularly from 1901 to 1909 while Vice President and President of the United States. On July 1, 1902 he laid the cornerstone and on June 7, 1903 delivered an address at the dedication of this . . . Map (db m70144) HM
53District of Columbia (Washington), Massachusetts Heights — 10 — Washington National Cathedral
Pierre L'Enfant's plan for the Federal City in 1791 included a church, “for national purposes,” but it was not until 1893 that the Protestant Episcopal Cathedral Foundation was given a charter to establish a cathedral. Located on Mount . . . Map (db m87907) HM
54District of Columbia (Washington), Mount Pleasant — 6 — Village LifeVillage in the City — Mount Pleasant Heritage Trail —
This was the western edge of Samuel P. Brown's Mount Pleasant Village. Across the street and a few steps ahead at 3423 Oakwood Terrace is "Oakwood," an original village house built in 1871 for city politician J.W. Buker. Brown reserved the . . . Map (db m130870) HM
55District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — Site of Rhodes Tavern1799 - 1984
Built in 1799, in the hope that the new capital would become a great city. Opened as a tavern and inn by William Rhodes, 1801. Washington's first 'town hall,' where White House architect James Hoban and other citizens met to petition . . . Map (db m39618) HM
56District of Columbia (Washington), Rock Creek Park — JusserandBanc Commeratif Erige a la Memoir de Jean Jule Jusserand Ambassadeur de France
The granite bench before you commemorates the scholarship, wisdom and skilled diplomacy of Jean Jules Jusserand, French Ambassador to the United States from 1902 to 1925. The memorial's inscription, "Personal Tribute of Esteem and . . . Map (db m177624) HM
57District of Columbia (Washington), Southwest Federal Center — James Wilson
James Wilson Memorial Arch So named by the Congress, in Resolution approved by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, June 16, 1934, to honor the memory of James Wilson 1835-1920 Secretary of Agriculture 1897-1913 . . . Map (db m110425) HM
58District of Columbia (Washington), Tenleytown — 2 — A Country RoadTop of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail —
Step back into the 19th century with a walk down Grant Road, ahead and to your left. This winding byway recalls Tenleytown’s farming past. In fact Grant Road’s undisturbed quality earned it National Historic District and DC Historic District . . . Map (db m130920) HM
59District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — John Paul Jones MemorialNational Mall & Memorial Parks, Washington, D.C. — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
"Every officer in our navy should know by heart the deeds of John Paul Jones," President Theodore Roosevelt. The American Revolution A bold captain—fearless even when facing the superior British . . . Map (db m17764) HM
60District of Columbia (Washington), Theodore Roosevelt Island — Making the MemorialTheodore Roosevelt Island, George Washington Memorial Parkway — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
In 1931 the Roosevelt Memorial Association purchased this island to create a living tribute to the former president. Congress designated funds for the project in 1960, and architectural designs were approved in 1961. President Lyndon B. Johnson . . . Map (db m127122) HM
61District of Columbia (Washington), Theodore Roosevelt Island — Natural by DesignTheodore Roosevelt Island — George Washington Memorial Parkway, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
"The nation behaves well if it treats its natural resources as assets which it must turn over to the next generation increased and not impaired in value." —Theodore Roosevelt, 1910 As a young man, Theodore Roosevelt . . . Map (db m150053) HM
62District of Columbia (Washington), Theodore Roosevelt Island — NaturalistTheodore Roosevelt Island — George Washington Memorial Parkway, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
A curious youth growing up in New York City, Theodore Roosevelt enjoyed observing nature. His early passion for birds led him outdoors to a lifelong pursuit of exploration, adventure, and scientific discovery. Later, as a young man living in the . . . Map (db m127157) HM
63District of Columbia (Washington), Theodore Roosevelt Island — Rough and ReadyTheodore Roosevelt Island — George Washington Memorial Parkway, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Union troops occupied this island one month after the Civil War broke out in April 1861. Following the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, African Americans that enlisted in the Union Army trained to fight here. Once prepared for battle, . . . Map (db m150051) HM
64District of Columbia (Washington), Theodore Roosevelt Island — Theodore RooseveltTheodore Roosevelt Island National Memorial
Theodore Roosevelt: 1858-1919 [Quotations, Panel 1]: NATURE There is delight in the hardy life of the open. There are no words that can tell the hidden spirit of the wilderness, that can reveal its mystery, its melancholy, and its . . . Map (db m10738) HM
65District of Columbia (Washington), Theodore Roosevelt Island — Urban WildernessTheodore Roosevelt Island — George Washington Memorial Parkway, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
"...the edges of the wilderness lie close behind the roads of present travel." —Theodore Roosevelt, 1916 Plentiful fish, waterfowl, animals, and plants attracted American Indians to this island hundreds of years ago. . . . Map (db m150052) HM
66District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 6 — A Home Away From HomeCity Within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail —
The Thurgood Marshall Center for Service and Heritage occupies the historic Italian Renaissance-style building of the 12th Street YMCA, known after 1972 as the Anthony Bowen YMCA. The 12th Street YMCA was the first African American YMCA . . . Map (db m130788) HM
67Florida (Brevard County), Melbourne Beach — F-641 — Smith Family Homestead
Under the United States Government Homestead Act of 1862, brothers Robert Toombs Smith and Charley Smith laid claim to 158.79 acres on Mullet Creek in 1887. They discovered the property while searching the Indian River Lagoon shoreline by sailboat . . . Map (db m102830) HM
68Florida (Collier County), Naples — Landmark Cypress № 4 — "Roosevelt"Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary
Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th president of the United States (1901-1909) is known as the "conservationist president" for creating the Division of Forestry and protecting 230 million acres of federal land. He was a member of Florida Audubon during . . . Map (db m164912) HM
69Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Rough Riders
June 1, 1898, Col. Theodore Roosevelt and 170 of his Rough Riders (Indians, cowboys, policemen, clubmen, millionaires, etc.) welcomed here en route to Spanish-American War. There were 6 trains with men, horses and equipment of 1st U.S. Volunteer . . . Map (db m72270) HM
70Florida (Hillsborough County), East Lake-Orient Park — The Philippine-American War 1899 - 1913Hillsborough County Veterans Memorial Park
The Philippine-American War, also known as the Philippine War of Independence or the Philippine Insurrection (1899 -1902), was an armed conflict between the United States and Filipino revolutionaries. The conflict arose from the struggle of the . . . Map (db m194588) HM WM
71Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — Benjamin Field/George N. Benjamin b 1859 d 1926
Benjamin Field In 1896, this land was gifted to the City of West Tampa as a public park by George N. Benjamin, a prominent entrepreneur & early West Tampa leader. The park was built & 2 year later it was used by Theodore Roosevelt & the . . . Map (db m136019) HM
72Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — Roosevelt Elementary School
Theodore Roosevelt was the Assistant Secretary of the Navy when the battleship U.S.S. Maine was sunk in Havana Harbor. After the United States declared war on Spain in April 1898, initiating the Spanish American War, Roosevelt resigned his . . . Map (db m111049) HM
73Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — Rough Riders
(Front face) 1 [Crossed Sabres Emblem] 1st U.S. Volunteer Cavalry Regiment Rough Riders Park Dedicated March 1, 2003 Ybor City, Tampa, Florida (Top Plaque) "You Triumphed Over Obstacles Which Would . . . Map (db m32795) HM
74Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — Rough Riders EncampmentJune 1898
At the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, this area, a sand flat without a tree, but surrounded by an extensive forest, was the camp site of Theodore Roosevelt's Rough Riders, the most unusual regiment in the history of the U. S. Army. . . . Map (db m130109) HM
75Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — F-42 — Tampa as Port of Embarkation for Spanish American War
From April to June, 1898, Tampa served as port of embarkation for U.S. troops on their way to Cuba. Some 30,000 troops arrived in Tampa and 16,000 embarked from Port Tampa on June 7. The Tampa Bay Hotel was headquarters for the force's leaders . . . Map (db m13635) HM
76Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — Tampa Bay Hotel
On June 14, 1898, Lt. Col. Theodore Roosevelt and the First United States Volunteer Cavalry, known as the Rough Riders, embarked from Port Tampa for victory in the Spanish-American War. The Tampa Bay Hotel was used as headquarters for . . . Map (db m20160) HM
77Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — F-31 — Tampa Bay Hotel
Henry B. Plant built this ornate Moorish structure at a cost of $3 million. Opened in 1891, it became the social and cultural center of early Tampa. During the Spanish American War it was headquarters for troops going to Cuba and housed such . . . Map (db m20020) HM
78Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — The Cherokee Club"El Pasaje" — 1888 —
The second brick building erected in Ybor City. The Cherokee Club was a popular rendezvous for the elite in the 1890's. Later became known as El Pasaje Restaurant. Its fame spread throughout the Americas. Jose Marti slept here on his first . . . Map (db m152236) HM
79Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — The Rough Riders Passed By Here
On June 3, 1898, when Tampa was a cluster of old weather beaten houses floating on an ocean of sand, Teddy Roosevelt and the Rough Riders disembarked from their seven train convoy in Ybor City, five miles from Tampa City Hall. They . . . Map (db m15569) HM
80Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — The Rough Riders Rode By Here1898
The intersection of Seventh Avenue and Twentysecond Street was a sandy cross-road connecting three army encampments in the Ybor City area during the Spanish-American War. At this cross-road was located a water-trough where the Rough Riders . . . Map (db m33805) HM
81Florida (Manatee County), Anna Maria — F-253 — Passage KeyGateway to Historic Tampa Bay
Less than a mile to the north lies Passage Key, marking the southerly entrance into Tampa Bay. Since Ponce de Leon explored this coast in 1513, this island has served to guide ships into the great bay beyond, called by early Spanish explorers . . . Map (db m72420) HM
82Florida (Monroe County), Key West — War of 1898On this site the Catholic Convent of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary was located
(side 1) In April of 1898 it was graciously offered and converted to a 400 bed United States Army Hospital for the treatment of soldiers and sailors, ill with dangerous tropical diseases or wounded in battle, during Cuba's War of . . . Map (db m101295) HM
83Florida (Santa Rosa County), Milton — The Spanish – American War1898 — Santa Rosa Veterans Memorial Plaza —
February 15, 1898 Sinking Of The USS Maine April 19, 1898 U.S. Adopts Joint Resolution For War April 25, 1898 U.S. Declares War On Spain May 1, 1898 Battle Of Manila Bay . . . Map (db m152467) WM
84Georgia (Bartow County), Cartersville — Rowett's Redoubt
Some 200 yards behind this marker was an earthen redoubt that protected the Federal defenses and the Star Fort. The redoubt was commanded by Colonel Richard Rowett and manned by the 39th Iowa, 7th Illinois, five companies of the 93rd Illinois . . . Map (db m78099) HM
85Georgia (Fulton County), Roswell — 060-40B — Bulloch Hall
Built in the early 1840's by Major James Stephen Bulloch. His second wife, married in 1832, was Martha Elliott. Their second daughter, Martha (Mittie) Bulloch and Theodore Roosevelt married here in 1853. Their son Theodore Roosevelt was the 25th . . . Map (db m55963) HM
86Georgia (Fulton County), Roswell — Founders' Cemetery
This cemetery, the first in Roswell, was burying ground of the village from 1840 to 1860. Among the distinguished dead who rest here are Roswell’s founder, Roswell King; Major James Stephens Bulloch, grandfather of president Theodore Roosevelt and . . . Map (db m21712) HM
87Georgia (Fulton County), Roswell — Historic Roswell Square Bicentennial Restoration Project
For years called “The Park,” this area was set aside by Roswell’s founders. Present walks duplicate original paths. President Theodore Roosevelt spoke here from a bandstand in 1905. Historic Roswell Square Bicentennial Restoration . . . Map (db m112081) HM
88Georgia (Fulton County), Roswell — Roswell Town Squarecirca 1840
The Square was part of town founder Roswell King’s original town plan and is the center of the Roswell Historic District. The District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. President Theodore Roosevelt visited Roswell, his . . . Map (db m112003) HM
89Georgia (Fulton County), Roswell — 060-121 — Roswell’s Distinguished Men
In this cemetery lie some of Roswell’s leading early citizens, most of whom came here from Georgia’s coastal counties: Francis Robert Goulding (1810-1881), clergyman, inventor, author of The Young Marooners and other juvenile classics; . . . Map (db m70425) HM
90Georgia (Talbot County), Talbotton — 130-6 — Straus Home Site
Here stood the small frame house in which Lazarus Straus and his family lived when they came to Talbotton in 1854. Seeking a new home in America after leaving Bavaria, Straus visited Talbotton during a “court week” and decided to make . . . Map (db m38249) HM
91Georgia (Wheeler County), Alamo — 153-1 — Wheeler County
This County, created by Act of the Legislature Aug. 14, 1912, is named for Gen. Joseph Wheeler, famous Confederate Cavalry leader and Major General of Cavalry in the Spanish War. He twice saved Augusta from Kilpatrick's Union Cavalry, at . . . Map (db m23634) HM
92Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Ezra MeekerThe Oregon Trail
In 1906, at the age of seventy-five, Ezra Meeker began a journey east from his home in Puyallup, Washington, to retrace the route of the Oregon Trail over which he originally traveled in 1852 with his wife and young son. He traveled the route with . . . Map (db m118993) HM
93Idaho (Benewah County), Plummer — Heyburn State Parkthe Oldest State Park in the Pacific Northwest
The Coeur d’Alene people are the earliest inhabitants of this area. The natural wealth of the forests, rivers, and lakes sustained their existence for countless generations on five million acres of ancestral land. Their lifestyle was . . . Map (db m110383) HM
94Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — Coach History
In 1958, Dr. Evan and Lois Kackley donated the Yellowstone Coach to the City of Soda Springs. According to Dr. Kackley's written letters to the city council he stated, "This particular coach was used to carry Pres. Theodore Roosevelt and the . . . Map (db m106694) HM
95Idaho (Caribou County), Wayan — Tincup Creek
Caribou Mountain rises 9,800 feet with alpine snowfields feeding Tincup Creek, a tributary to the South Fork of the Snake River. Placer gold discoveries high on the mountain in 1871 led to a gold rush that lasted for two decades. In the 1880s sheep . . . Map (db m105963) HM
96Idaho (Idaho County), Grangeville — Gold Pans and Whipsaws
During the decade following the discovery of gold in the California mill race in 1848, restless bands of prospectors, lured by the hope of sudden wealth, arrived in what is now north-central Idaho. In 1860, gold was discovered on Canal Gulch of Oro . . . Map (db m141251) HM
97Idaho (Valley County), McCall — The Idaho ForestA Miracle at Work — Idahoans at Work —
A Rich Tradition Of Land Use Gathering, Hunting, Trapping, Mining, Logging, Ranching, Farming, Recreation Around 15 thousand years ago, groups of Native Americans started the long history of land use in this area. Today, the Nez . . . Map (db m119494) HM
98Illinois (Bureau County), Spring Valley — John Mitchell1870-1919
Pioneer resident of Spring Valley. Achieved national prominence in the settlement of the Pennsylvania Anthracite Miners Strike in 1902 with the co-operation of President Theodore Roosevelt. President of United Mine Workers, 1889-1908. Author . . . Map (db m164894) HM
99Illinois (Hancock County), Carthage — Hamilton HouseLooking for Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln probably stayed at the Hamilton House when he came to Carthage in 1839 to serve as the defendant's counsel in the Fraim murder trial. There are no other known Lincoln court cases in Hancock County. But he did handle . . . Map (db m57867) HM
100Illinois (Kane County), Geneva — Spanish-American / Philippines War(1898 - 1902)
Major Campaigns and Deaths San Juan Heights/El Caney, Cuba (6/98-7/98) 1,475 Cuba Campaign (6/98-8/98) 350 Battle of February 4th, Philippines (2/99) 60 Balangiga Massacre, Philippines (9/01) 48 Manila, Philippines . . . Map (db m94845) WM

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Oct. 1, 2022