“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Braddock’s Road and Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock Historical Markers

The British General had to cut a road through the Appalachian Mountains to get to the French and Indians. The road was a triumph, but his military campaign was not.
The Road to Fort Duquesne Marker image, Touch for more information
By Richard E. Miller, May 19, 2012
The Road to Fort Duquesne Marker
1District of Columbia (Washington), Massachusetts Heights — The Road to Fort Duquesne[National Cathedral]
This memorial was erected in 1907 by the Society of Colonial Wars in the District of Columbia to mark the road over which on April 14, 1755 a division of the British Army under General Braddock marched on its way to Fort Duquesne.Map (db m55534) HM
2Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — "Braddock's Road"
Near this point, on June 10, 1755, after nearly a month's delay at Fort Cumberland, Braddock's troops started towards Fort Duquesne to wrest it from the French. On July 9, 1755, he met his terrible defeat at the Monongahela.Map (db m155433) HM
3Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Crossroads of America Mural
About this sign The outline drawing above represents the heritage-themed mural to your right. The mural is organized chronologically into sections. Each section is described here, with accompanying historic images.. . . . Map (db m140048) HM
4Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Cumberland
In 1749 Christopher Gist, an agent for the Ohio Company, arrived at the junction of the Wills Creek and the North Branch of the Potomac River to erect a trading post. In anticipation of the French and Indian War a fort was constructed in 1754 . . . Map (db m139113) HM
5Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Indians and Fort CumberlandFort Cumberland Trail
Indians served on both sides during the French and Indian War. Some tribes seemed to switch loyalties during the war, when it better suited their purposes. Indians camped near here to consult with General Braddock just before his fateful . . . Map (db m139102) HM
6Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Site of Fort Cumberland
The store houses of The Ohio Company were first located near this point. In 1754 the first fort (called Mt. Pleasant) was built. Gen'l. Edward Braddock enlarged the fort in 1755 and renamed it after his friend the Duke of Cumberland.Map (db m167130) HM
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7Maryland (Allegany County), Frostburg — Blazing Braddock's Road
“We this day passed the ‘Aligany’ Mountain (Big Savage Mountain) which is a rocky ascent of more than two miles, in many places extremely steep…” Captain Robert Orme, June 15, 1755 British General Edward Braddock led a 2,100-man army . . . Map (db m177978) HM
8Maryland (Allegany County), Frostburg — Martin’s Plantation
General Braddock's 2nd camp on the march to Fort Duquesne June 14th, 15th, 1755. The old Braddock Road passed to the southeast of the National Road from Clarysville to the "Shades of Death" near "Two Mile Run." The National Road was begun by the . . . Map (db m177600) HM
9Maryland (Allegany County), La Vale — “Spendelow Camp”Also Called “Camp at the Grove”
General Braddock’s 1st camp on the march from Fort Cumberland to Fort Duquesne, June 11th to 13th, 1755. After building a road over Wills Mountain, Spendelow, an engineer, discovered a route by “The Narrows” and Braddock’s Run and a . . . Map (db m2083) HM
10Maryland (Frederick County), Braddock Heights — Hagan’s TavernIf walls could talk..
The National Road has borne witness to many notorious comings and goings. The quiet atmosphere you’ll find at Hagan’s Tavern today is quite different from the raucous bawdiness of yesteryear. This tavern was a “place where the old bloats of . . . Map (db m167094) HM
11Maryland (Frederick County), Braddock Heights — The Braddock-Washington Monument
In April 1755, Frederick Town was a planning center for a major campaign in the French and Indian War (175-1763). General Edward Braddock arrived from England and later 1,400 British Troops joined him to stop the French from taking land claimed by . . . Map (db m68946) HM
12Maryland (Frederick County), Braddock Heights — This Boulder Marks the National TrailGeneral Braddock Monument
This boulder marks the National Trail over which traveled Gen. Edward Braddock and Lieutenant Colonel George Washington 1755.Map (db m22275) HM
13Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Braddock, Washington, and Franklin
On April 23, 1755 At a Tavern located near this spot General Edward Braddock Colonel George Washington and Benjamin Franklin Met to plan the British assault on Ft. Dusquesne During the French & Indian War This plaque erected by the Kiwanis Club . . . Map (db m2725) HM
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14Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — General Edward Braddock
General Edward Braddock traveled over this road in April 1755 (in a coach and six horses purchased from Gov. Horatio Sharpe of Maryland)after a protracted conference in Frederick with Benjamin Franklin and others concerning the securing of teams, . . . Map (db m1247) HM
15Maryland (Garrett County), Finzel — Savage River Camp
General Braddock's 3rd camp on his march to Fort Duquesne June 16, 1755. The route, later known as the Old Braddock Road, passes to the southeast of the National Road. Captain Orme's diary says "we entirely demolished three wagons and shattered . . . Map (db m439) HM
16Maryland (Garrett County), Grantsville — “The Little Crossings” / Castleman’s River Bridge(of the Little Youghiogeny River now called Castleman's River) / (formerly “Little Youghiogeny”)
“The Little Crossings” (of the Little Youghiogeny River now called Castleman’s River). So called by George Washington when he crossed on June 19, 1755, with General Edward Braddock on the ill-fated expedition to Fort Duquesne (Pittsburgh). . . . Map (db m167051) HM
17Maryland (Garrett County), Grantsville — Bear Camp
General Braddock's 6th camp on the march to Fort Duquesne Saturday and Sunday June 20th and 21st, 1755. Washington was forced to remain behind with a guard on account of "violent fevers" until cured by "Dr. James's Powders (one of the most excellent . . . Map (db m135626) HM
18Maryland (Garrett County), Grantsville — General Braddock’s 5th Camp
On the march to Fort Duquesne June 19th, 1755. By Washington’s advice, Braddock pushed forward from Little Meadows to this camp with 1200 chosen men and officers leaving the heavy artillery and baggage behind to follow by easy stages under Colonel . . . Map (db m357) HM
19Maryland (Garrett County), Grantsville — Little Meadows
General Braddock's 4th camp on the march to Fort Duquesne June 17, 1755. Washington arrived here after Braddock's defeat July 15th, 1755. Washington also stopped here May 9th, 1754, July 7th or 8th, 1754, October 1st, 1770, November 26th, 1770 and . . . Map (db m361) HM
20Maryland (Garrett County), Grantsville — Mountain Maryland Gateway to the WestGarrett County, Maryland
(Logo for Mountain Maryland Gateway to the West, Garrett County) (7 small color images of structures and landscapes. 1 large color image of the Cassleman River Bridge.) Transportation Transportation features include Garrett . . . Map (db m168096) HM
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21Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — 12 — Madonna of the Trail
(East Face) N.S.D.A.R. Memorial to the Pioneer Mothers of the Covered Wagon Days. (North Face) This the first military road in America beginning at Rock Creek and Potomac River, Georgetown, Maryland, leading our pioneers . . . Map (db m167133) HM
22Maryland (Montgomery County), Clarksburg — Dowden’s Ordinary
. . . Map (db m43631) HM
23Maryland (Montgomery County), Gaithersburg — General Edward Braddock
General Edward Braddock in April 1755, accompanied by Gov. Horatio Sharpe of Maryland, traveled this road in a coach and six horses, on his way to Frederick, Md. to meet Benjamin Franklin and George Washington, to arrange for teams for the Fort . . . Map (db m1012) HM
24Maryland (Montgomery County), Rockville — Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock and His Men
To commemorate the encampment in Maryland of Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock and his men at Owen's Ordinary, now Rockville, April 20, 1755. This stone is placed by the Janet Montgomery Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, Mrs. Morris L. Croxall, . . . Map (db m77) HM
25Maryland (Washington County), Sharpsburg — General Edward Braddock
General Edward Braddock in April 1755 (driven in his coach and six horses) crossed into Virginia near this point on his way to Fort Cumberland, after ten days’ conference with Benjamin Franklin and others in Frederick, Md., arranging for teams and . . . Map (db m1966) HM
26Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Carlisle Fort
First fort authorized by Pennsylvania. Laid out by Gov. Morris, July, 1755, “in the middle of this town,” on news of Braddock's defeat. Col. John Armstrong's headquarters till 1758. Called “Fort Lowther” by some later writers.Map (db m16075) HM
27Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Shippensburg — Braddock Expedition
In 1755 supplies for Braddock’s army were stored here in Edward Shippen’s strong stone house “at the back Run.” James Burd, the son-in-law of Shippen, opened a road to carry these supplies to the west. After Braddock’s defeat the . . . Map (db m1018) HM
28Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Highspire — Col. James Burd
Tinian, home of Col. Burd, is still standing on the opposite hill. Burd was road-builder of Braddock's expedition. French and Indian War commandant at Fort Augusta. Patriot and a soldier in the Revolution.Map (db m11428) HM
29Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Connellsville — Braddock RoadStewart's Crossing
General Braddock's twelfth camp, June 28, 1755, on the march to Fort Duquesne, was north of here, near the Youghiogheny River. On June 30, the army forded the River at Stewart's Crossing to a point about one-half mile northwest of present-day . . . Map (db m31905) HM
30Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Connellsville — Braddock's Twelfth Camp
British Major General Edward Braddock camped here at Stewart's Crossing on the banks of the Youghiogheny River, June 28-30, 1755. His goal was to reach Fort Duquesne (Pittsburgh) and drive the French from the area. He was accompanied by colonial . . . Map (db m76134) HM
31Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Hopwood — Braddock RoadRock Fort Camp
General Braddock’s tenth camp, June 26, 1755, on the march to Fort Duquesne, was at the Half King’s Rock, one mile NE of here. The Rock was named for Washington’s friend Tanacharisson, the Iroquois viceroy (half king) of the Ohio Indians. Washington . . . Map (db m507) HM
32Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Hopwood — Washington’s Spring
This spring lies in the direct path of what was known as Nemacolin’s Trail. Afterwards Braddock’s Road, and was a favorite sampling spot in early days. George Washington visited here first in November, 1753, and again in May, 1954. On the night . . . Map (db m74911) HM
33Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Hopwood — Washington–Braddock Road 1754–1756
Remnant of the Great Rock or the Half King’s Rock mentioned by early cartographers. The famous Washington-Braddock Road emerging from Laurel Hill Mountain one hundred yards eastward turned northward at this point. Rock Fort Camp, where . . . Map (db m74926) HM
34Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Hopwood — Washington-Braddock Road 1754-55 Rock Fort Camp
Rock Fort Camp, Braddock's tenth camp, began at the woods opposite where the Washington-Braddock Road emerged from Chestnut Ridge Mountain and extended to the northward beyond the Half King's Rock and Washington's Spring. Here Braddock camped June . . . Map (db m100185) HM
35Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Jumonville — Braddock RoadDunbar's Camp
General Braddock’s army ascended the ridge east of this point and advanced toward Gist’s Plantation. Col. Dunbar’s detachment, following with the heavy baggage, made its last camp here. Later, as Braddock’s defeated army streamed back, Dunbar . . . Map (db m504) HM
36Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Markleysburg — Braddock RoadTwelve Springs Camp
General Braddock's eighth camp, June 25, 1755, on the march to Fort Duquesne, was about half a mile S.W. Chestnut Ridge, seen on the horizon to the west, was the last mt. range to be crossed. Axemen widened an Indian path for passage of supply . . . Map (db m349) HM
37Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Mt. Pleasant — Braddock's Military Road 1755 Great Swamp Camp
This tablet marks the site of General Edward Braddock's fourteenth encampment or bivouac. Here Braddock's army spent the night July 1, 1755 having marched five miles from their camp on the east side of the Youghiogheny near Connellsville. The army . . . Map (db m67387) HM
38Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Wharton Township — A Secret GraveFort Necessity National Battlefield — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock—commander-in-chief of British forces in North America—traveled over the road trace below on June 25, 1755. Marching north with his 2,400-man army, the 60-year-old Braddock was under orders to capture Fort Duquesne and . . . Map (db m339) HM
39Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Wharton Township — Braddock Park
Gen. Edward Braddock was buried here in 1755, after his disastrous defeat and death. The site of his original grave, the new grave to which his remains were moved in 1804, and a trace of the Braddock Road may be seen here.Map (db m310) HM
40Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Wharton Township — Braddock’s Grave
Here lieth the remains of Major General Edward Braddock who, in command of the 44th and 48th regiments of English Regulars, was mortally wounded in an engagement with the French and Indians under the command of Captain M. de Beaujeu at the Battle . . . Map (db m304) HM
41Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Wharton Township — Braddock’s Original Grave Site
This tablet marks the spot where Major-General Edward Braddock was buried, July 14th, 1755, His remains were removed in 1804 to the site of the present monument.Map (db m166925) HM
42Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Wharton Township — First Roads to the WestFort Necessity National Battlefield — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Before the Europeans, only Indian trails led through virgin forests that once stretched beyond the horizon. About 1750 Nemacolin, a Delaware Indian, blazed a trail past here for the Ohio Company. Four years later, Virginia militia under Lt. Col. . . . Map (db m333) HM
43Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Wharton Township — Fort Necessity National BattlefieldInformation
George Washington's only surrender took place here on July 3, 1754. After an eight to nine hour battle on a rainy day, he capitulated to a sizable force of French soldiers and their Indian allies, led by Jumonville's older brother de Villiers. . . . Map (db m152675) HM
44Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Wharton Township — Road to DisasterFort Necessity National Battlefield — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On June 25, 1755, the largest army assembled in North America up to that time passed this spot. British Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock led the first 1,400 soldiers of his 2,400-man army along a 12-foot-wide road. Lt. Col. Thomas Dunbar lagged behind . . . Map (db m338) HM
45Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Wharton Township — The Old Braddock Road
This tablet marks a well preserved scar of the Old Braddock Trail, one of the most historic pioneer highways in all America. Here, Nemacolin and his associates blazed the trail that became a National Highway. Here, passed the laden pack . . . Map (db m33439) HM
46Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Wharton Township — Trail InformationFort Necessity National Battlefield — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Portions of this trail system pass through the Great Meadows where George Washington and his troops fought a large French and Indian force on July 3, 1754. The Braddock Road Trace is the remnant of the road built by Washington in 1754 and . . . Map (db m152678) HM
47Pennsylvania (Franklin County), St. Thomas Township — Fort Wadell
One of a line of forts built by settlers in this region for refuge from Indian attacks following Braddock's defeat in 1755. It stood just to the north.Map (db m8050) HM
48Pennsylvania (Somerset County), Addison — Great Crossings
About one half mile above this point is the "Great Crossings" of the Youghiogheny River, where George Washington crossed November 18th, 1753, when sent as envoy by Gov. Dinwiddie of Virginia to the French Commandant at Fort Le Boeuf. . . . Map (db m351) HM
49Pennsylvania (Westmoreland County), Hempfield — Braddock's Military Road 1755 Salt Lick Camp
This tablet marks the site of General Edward Braddock's sixteenth encampment named "Salt Lick Camp." Here Braddock's army camped July 3, 1755, after having marched six miles from Jacobs Cabin Camp. The circuitous route via Mount Pleasant was made to . . . Map (db m72366) HM
50Pennsylvania (Westmoreland County), Irwin — Braddock's Military Road 1755"Three Springs" Camp
This tablet marks the most probable site of General Braddock's nineteenth camp. Here Braddock's army camped July 7, 1755, en route to capture Fort Du Quesne. The Turtle Creek defile with its deep and rugged ravines, and its steep and almost . . . Map (db m33544) HM
51Pennsylvania (Westmoreland County), Irwin — Braddock's Military Road 1755 Monacatootha's Camp
This tablet marks the site of General Edward Braddock’s eighteenth encampment called Monacatootha Camp from an unhappy incident on the march. Monacatooha’s son was shot by accident by Braddock’s own men. General Braddock as soon as the army camped . . . Map (db m97380) HM
52South Carolina (Spartanburg County), Spartanburg — Daniel Morgan Avenue
This street is named for General Daniel Morgan (1736-1802). Revolutionary War leader whose victory at Cowpens on January 17, 1781, was one of the significant events of that war. Daniel Morgan served as a wagoner on Gen. Braddock's expedition in . . . Map (db m9867) HM
53Virginia, Alexandria — Braddock Cannon
(North Side): This monument marks the trail taken by the army of General Braddock which left Alexandria on April 20, 1755 to defend the western frontier against the French and Indians. Erected by the Society of Colonial Dames of . . . Map (db m7567) HM
54Virginia, Alexandria — Braddock Road Mile "0"
In honor of Dr. Walter Powell, Founder and President of the Braddock Road Preservation AssociationMap (db m156481) HM
55Virginia, Alexandria — The Braddock Campaign and Carlyle House
From March 26 through April 20, 1755, the town of Alexandria served as the center of operations for Major General Edward Braddock, commander-in-chief for British forces in North America. He chose the finest house in town, John Carlyle's, as his . . . Map (db m156495) HM
56Virginia (Fairfax County), Great Falls — E-112 — Old Road To The West
Colvin Run Road is a remnant of an 18th-century wagon road from the Shenandoah Valley to Alexandria that probably originated as an Indian path. George Washington passed by here in 1753 and 1754 en route to persuade the French on the Ohio River to . . . Map (db m1861) HM
57Virginia, Hampton — Edward Braddock
(front) Near this monument disembarked on February 19, 1755 Edward Braddock Major General and Commander-in-Chief of all the British forces in America. His coming marked the beginning of an important stage in the war which . . . Map (db m33892) HM
58Virginia (Loudoun County), Waterford — Mill to Market
Beginning in the 1730s, Waterford's residents developed productive farms, a series of mills, and a transportation network. By the early 1800s, Thomas Phillips, an enterprising Quaker, farmed the land in front of you. To ensure access to the . . . Map (db m143137) HM
59Virginia, Winchester — Braddock Cannon
(Left Side): This monument marks the trail taken by the army of General Braddock, which left Alexandria April 9, 1755 to defend the western frontier against the French and Indians. Erected by the Society of Colonial Dames of America in the . . . Map (db m2649) HM
60Virginia, Winchester — Q 4b — Joist Hite and Braddock / Winchester
Joist Hite and Braddock. By this road, then an Indian trail, Joist Hite and his followers came to make the first permanent settlement in this section, 1732. In 1755, General Edward Braddock of the British army, accompanied by George . . . Map (db m34091) HM
61West Virginia (Berkeley County), Marlowe — Watkins' Ferry
By an act of the Virginia House of Burgesses, 1744, a ferry was established extending from the mouth of the Canagochego Creek in Maryland across the Patowmack to the Evan Watkins Landing, about 250 yards southeast. This landing was also the entrance . . . Map (db m131795) HM
62West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Keyes Gap
Formerly Vestal’s Gap. Historic gateway through the Blue Ridge into the Shenandoah Valley. It was often used by Washington and by armies of the Blue and Gray, 1861–65. Here passed part of Braddock’s army, 1755, en route to Fort Duquesne.Map (db m167164) HM
63West Virginia (Morgan County), Berkeley Springs — Sir John's Run
Sir John's Run was named for Sir John Sinclair, the quartermaster for General Braddock on expedition in 1755 against the French at Fort Duquesne. James Rumsey demonstrated his steamboat here in 1785.Map (db m13152) HM
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Dec. 9, 2022