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Hardin County Kentucky Historical Markers

 
Skirmish at Rolling Fork Marker image, Touch for more information
By Robert H. Moore, II, August 14, 2009
Skirmish at Rolling Fork Marker
Kentucky (Hardin County), Bardstown — 2175 — Skirmish at Rolling Fork
(Side One): Advancing Federals fired on Confederate troops led by Gen. John Hunt Morgan on Dec. 29, 1862, during a rear-guard action. Acquaintances Col. John Harlan and Col. Basil Duke fought on opposing sides. Wounded during the clash, Duke . . . — Map (db m25152) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Elizabethtown — "Make a Street Fight Out of It"Christmas Raid, December 27, 1862
In December 1862, Gen. John Hunt Morgan was sent by the Confederate command to shut down the L&N Railroad, thereby cutting off one of the Union's major supply lines. Morgan's target was one of the railroad's most vulnerable points, the trestles at . . . — Map (db m25156) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Elizabethtown — 1534 — Commodore Joshua Barney / First Brick House
(side 1 – Commodore Joshua Barney) Famous American privateer and naval hero in War of 1812. Barney owned many acres of land in Hardin CO. A friend of George Washington, John Paul Jones and Napoleon Bonaparte. His greatest desire . . . — Map (db m119791) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Elizabethtown — 1116 — Elizabethtown Battle
Confederate Gen. John Hunt Morgan on his second raid into Kentucky, with 3,900 men, was met by 652 Union troops under Lt. Col. H.S. Smith, Dec. 27, 1862. Object of raid was destruction of L & N R.R. main artery for U.S.A. troop movement south. . . . — Map (db m25136) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Elizabethtown — 606 — General Custer Here
Cavalry and infantry battalions under Gen. George Custer, assigned here, 1871-1873, to suppress Ku Klux Klan and carpetbaggers, to break up illicit distilleries. Those gangs becoming inactive, he was sent to Chicago to maintain order after big fire. . . . — Map (db m25138) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Elizabethtown — 932 — Lincoln-Haycraft Memorial Bridge
Here along Severn's Valley Creek, Samuel Haycraft, Sr. built mill, raceway in 1796. Thomas Lincoln, father of Pres. Lincoln, employed in building it, received his first monetary wages when about 21 years of age. Abraham Lincoln, age 7, with his . . . — Map (db m25137) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Elizabethtown — 525 — Morgan's Second Raid
North of here, Morgan's Raiders destroyed two of the most important L & N R.R. trestles Dec. 28, 1862, rendering line impassable for two months. Circling this area, they returned to Tenn. on Jan, 2, 1863. In eleven days they destroyed $2,000,000 in . . . — Map (db m25131) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Elizabethtown — Sarah Bush Johnston LincolnAnother footprint along the Lincoln Trail.
A memorial to the most famous step-mother in American History. This cabin is a close replica of one lived in by local woman Sarah Bush Johnston and her three children in the early 1800's.

Sarah married Thomas Lincoln on Dec. 2, 1819, in . . . — Map (db m120044) HM

Kentucky (Hardin County), Elizabethtown — The CannonballChristmas Raid, December 27, 1862
Gen. John Hunt Morgan's Raiders arrived in Elizabethtown on December 27, 1862, appearing on the brow of the hill that is now the City Cemetery. The main objective of the Christmas Raid was to burn two huge Louisville and Nashville Railroad trestles . . . — Map (db m25159) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Elizabethtown — 1651 — Three Forts
Elizabethtown began in 1780, when three forts were built by Samuel Haycraft, Sr., Col. Andrew Hynes and Capt. Thomas Helm for common defense against Indians. The forts were one mile apart, the only settlements between falls of Ohio and Green River. . . . — Map (db m25135) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Fort Knox — Camp Knox
Established in 1918 as artillery range and named for Major General Henry Knox, who organized artillery during Revolutionary War. Mechanized cavalry training began in 1931. Redesignated Fort Knox in January 1932. Armored Force established in 1940. . . . — Map (db m100769) WM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Fort Knox — LST Building
The Landing Ship, Tank (LST) Building was determined eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places in 1998. A unique structure, the LST Building is an example of early joint forces' operations. The Army, Navy, and British . . . — Map (db m39934) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Fort Knox — Main Post ChapelHistoric Fort Knox
Formerly Saint Patrick's parish church, erected in 1899 by the Stithton Catholic community originally the Saint Patrick's church was located at the post cemetery and recorded its first baptism in 1831. When the government purchased the town of . . . — Map (db m39956) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Fort Knox — Post Cemetery — Historic Fort Knox
Saint Patrick's Parish Church and Cemetery occupied this site from 1831 until 1899. The church was relocated to Stithton in 1899. When the Post Cemetery was established in 1920, the stones from the foundation of the old Saint Patrick's Church were . . . — Map (db m39931) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Fort Knox — St. Patrick's Cemetery
This cemetery has three sections: Old Section: Used by St. Patrick's Church from 1831 until 1918 when the government acquired the church in Stithton now used as the Post Chapel, and then by St. Brigid's Church in Vine Grove until ca.1965 New . . . — Map (db m39932) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Fort Knox — The Armored Force SchoolHistoric Fort Knox
Following formation of the armored force in July 1940 a specialized school was authorized and activated to train officers and soldiers for the armor divisions and battalions of World War II. Formal instruction began 4 November 1940 with . . . — Map (db m39933) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Fort Knox — Visitor's HouseHistoric Fort Knox
This building, completed in the summer of 1919, was originally known as the Visitor's House. It was built by the National Catholic War Council, an organization of the Knights of Columbus, to accommodate families and friends that came to visit . . . — Map (db m39929) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Rineyville — 1711 — Rineyville Named
Sylvester Riney gave land for Illinois Central R.R. in 1874, and town named for family. Zachariah, his father, was Abraham Lincoln's first teacher while living on Rolling Fork. Zachariah moved to Rineyville site, 1830; built this double log house, . . . — Map (db m24523) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), Sonora — 748 — Captured and BurnedConfederate Raids and Invasions and a Federal Retreat, in Kentucky
On second Kentucky raid CSA Gen. J.H. Morgan's cavalry came from Glasgow to Hammonville, Dec. 25, 1862. Next day sent unit to Bacon Creek and other to Nolin to take stockades and burn trestles, both places. At Nolin, two miles west, 76 Union men . . . — Map (db m39935) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — Camp Knox
In World War I, Camp Knox (later Fort Knox), was located within the present city limits of West Point. Thousands of men trained here for battle, including Wendell Wilkie, later a presidential candidate. The camp was moved to its present location at . . . — Map (db m122046) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — Civil War Fort
Union Army General William T. Sherman built a fort on top of the hill overlooking West Point in 1861 to protect the supply base here. The trenches remain intact to this date. It was named for Fort Duffield, in honor of the father of the post . . . — Map (db m122086) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — Civil War Fort DuffieldUnion Stronghold at the Mouth of Salt River
Before you are the remains of Kentucky’s oldest and best preserved earthen fortification. The earthen walls were designed to stop cannon balls unlike wooden stockade fortifications of earlier periods. This original 1,000 foot long earthen wall was . . . — Map (db m126334) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — Country Music Stars
Bob and Randell Atcher, well-known country music stars of the mid-20th century, were raised in West Point. Their home was at 1010 Elm Street. Bob was the MC of the old WLS National Barn Dance in Chicago. Randy Atcher was MC and host to Hayloft . . . — Map (db m122092) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — Ditto-Lansdale House / Civil War Hospital
Ditto-Lansdale House This house was built by Abraham Ditto and his brother-in-law, Samuel Lansdale, in 1823. During the War Between the States, it served as a military hospital and in World War I, it was an army canteen. Civil War . . . — Map (db m122107) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — Embarcadero
The boat landing for West Point was known by its Spanish name of "Embarcadero". Flatboats would leave from here for New Orleans. — Map (db m122105) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — 2449 — Fort Duffield
(side 1) During the Civil War, Louisville was an important supply depot for the Union army. The Louisville & Nashville Railroad (L&N), which ran east of West Point, was vulnerable to Confederate attacks. Needing to protect supplies at . . . — Map (db m122044) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — Fort Duffield
Work on the fort began in the Fall of 1861 by the 9th Michigan Infantry Regiment commanded by Colonel William W. Duffield and the 37th Indiana Infantry Regiment commanded by Colonel George W. Hazzard. The build of the work and garrison duty fell . . . — Map (db m126336) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — Fort Knox, Kentucky
Fort Knox is one of the Army’s major installations. Run by the Army’s Installation Management Agency, it is home to several major commands including the United States Army Armor School and Center and United States Army Recruiting Command, both . . . — Map (db m126196) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — 2463 — Founding of West Point/ James Young
In 1796, James Young and Samuel Pearman established the town of West Point on land owned by Young. It received its name because it was the westernmost English-speaking settlement downstream from the Falls of the Ohio River (Louisville). Over time . . . — Map (db m122117) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — James Young House
This Federal style house was built by the town's founder, James Young, in 1797. Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, stayed here while distributing flood relief to the victims of the 1884 flood. — Map (db m122119) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — Jean Neel Ford
Jean Neel Ford, wife of US Senator and former Governor Wendall Ford, was born in a house that once stood on this lot. Her father, Hoover Neel was LH & St. L Railway agent here. — Map (db m122088) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — K&I Bank Building
This old bank building was erected around 1900 to house the old Kentucky and Indiana Bank. The Cumberland Telephone Company occupied the second floor. — Map (db m122098) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — L&N Turnpike
A cobblestone turnpike was built to connect West Point and Nashville, Tennessee in 1839. Stagecoach lines operated from here to Nashville and also to Shawneetown, Illinois. — Map (db m122095) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — 2123 — Lewis and Clark in Kentucky / John Shields (1769-1809)
Lewis and Clark in Kentucky One of the "Nine Young Men From Ky." that accompanied Lewis and Clark on 1803-6 expedition to the Pacific Ocean. Shields was born in Va. and moved to Ky. in the 1790s. By 1803 he was married and living in West . . . — Map (db m122112) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — Louisville, Henderson & St. Louis Bridge
The railroad track you crossed entering Fort Duffield Park was built in 1893 as the “Texas Route” to connect Louisville and St. Louis. A few years later it was renamed the Louisville, Henderson & St. Louis Railway. Originally the line . . . — Map (db m126374) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — Pearman's Settlement
Samuel Pearman and a group of 12 men built a log cabin on this site in 1776. This was the first attempt at settlement in Hardin County. — Map (db m122110) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — Pioneer Cemetery
200 feet east of here (across railroad tracks) is the James Young Family cemetery. The first known burial took place in the year 1800. Also buried here is a pioneer river man, known only to God. — Map (db m122122) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — Redoubt
This Bowl like area was part of Fort Duffield and was built to give the infantry guarding the fort added protection from the Confederate forces. There is another redoubt in the woods at the left end of the fort.

Funding for this sign provided . . . — Map (db m126371) HM

Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — Replica of Earthen Wall Cannon Emplacement
This is a scaled down replica of the construction and reinforcement wall of Civil War fortifications much like the actual walls of Fort Duffield would have looked. Fort Duffield is located 300 feet about this site and accessible by a quarter mile . . . — Map (db m126373) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — Sears and Roebuck
This home, built in 1899, was purchased pre-cut from a Sears and Roebuck catalog. A local carpenter assembled it. It was known as the "Three-I" pattern due to its popularity in the states of Indiana, Illinois and Iowa. — Map (db m122115) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — Sherman's Headquarters
Troops under the command of General William Sherman had their headquarters in this house in 1861. Built in 1845, it was known as the Judge Fisher home. — Map (db m122099) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — Stuckey Gun
In late 1861, Stephen Stuckey of New Albany, Indiana invented a “rifled” cannon which proved to be more accurate than anything in use by the Union Army. The cannon was first test fired in New Albany and the gun exploded. Stuckey then . . . — Map (db m126370) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — The 38th Parallel
You are now standing on the 38th parallel line, the same line that separates North and South Korea. The line goes completely around the earth and passes thru West Point at this spot. — Map (db m122094)
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — 36 — The Great Raid and West PointThe Great Raid — July 6, 1863
Morgan, approaching the Ohio River, sent Captains Samuel Taylor and Henry Clay Meriweather and 130 men ahead to Brandenburg to secure boats for the crossing. It is unclear when Morgan’s men entered the town of West Point. A Louisville newspaper . . . — Map (db m122048) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — The Salt Warehouse
From 1796 until about 1860, a Salt Warehouse stood on this lot. Salt was manufactured near here, thus Salt River received its name. — Map (db m122108) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — 1591 — Thomas Lincoln's Flatboat Trip
In early spring of 1806, Thomas Lincoln, who was to become the father of Abraham Lincoln, took a flatboat loaded with produce from the West Point boat landing to New Orleans. The trip, requiring about sixty days, was a profitable one and enabled . . . — Map (db m122097) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — 1857 — U.S Bullion Depository
In 1935, portions of property in Fort Knox military reservation were set aside for use as U.S. Bullion Depository. Constructed in 1936, it was placed under supervision of Dir. of the Mint, a U.S. Treasury official. First gold brought here by . . . — Map (db m122049) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — U.S. Fort Duffield
This original 1,000-foot long earthen wall was approximately 17 feet from the bottom of the ditch to the top of the wall. The top of the wall was approximately 9 feet wide. Time has eroded the walls to today’s present height and . . . — Map (db m126368) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — West Point
West Point, founded in 1796, received its name from the fact that when the town was established, it was the western-most point in the so-called English civilization. — Map (db m122085) HM
Kentucky (Hardin County), West Point — 1763 — Young's Inn
This famous stagecoach stop on the old Louisville & Nashville Turnpike was built ca. 1797 by James Young, founder of West Point, Ky. At this inn John James Audubon wrote about seeing large flocks of passenger pigeons. Jenny Lind stopped here briefly . . . — Map (db m122121) HM

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