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Pennington County South Dakota Historical Markers

 
Fire lookout and pumphouse. image, Touch for more information
By Alan M. Perrie, September 4, 2018
Fire lookout and pumphouse.
South Dakota (Pennington County), Custer — Harney Peak Lookout
The Harney Peak fire lookout, dam and pumphouse were built by the CCC in 1939 and are listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Harney Peak Elevation is 2207 meters (7242 ft). The peak is the highest point east of the . . . — Map (db m125087) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Ellsworth AFB — Rockwell B-1B "Lancer" — South Dakato Air and Space Museum — Ellsworth Air Force Base
The B-1A was initially developed in the 1970s as a replacement for the B-52. Four prototypes of his long –range, high speed strategic bomber were developed and tested but the program was canceled in 1977 before going into production. The B-1B . . . — Map (db m70966) HM WM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Hill City — "Work Call"
This memorial dedicated to the young men of the Civilian Conservation Corps 1933-1942 Made possible by a grant from ”Sarge” Melvin B. Hermanson 2008 — Map (db m120159) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Hill City — Civilian Conservation Corps Camp
Camp F-2 (DF-2) Horse Creek: Located 2 miles W on Horse Creek. Companies: 791--5/22/33-4/30/34 2752--7/30/34-10/21/35 2761--10/25/35-01/36 2748--01/36-5/25/36 The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal relief program during 1933-1942 that . . . — Map (db m34275) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Hill City — Hill City
First laid out as a gold camp in February 1876 by Thomas Harvey, John Miller and Hugh McCullough, the rich strikes in the Northern Hills made it a deserted village by May 1876. Its deserted cabins had many transient occupants and the cabin that . . . — Map (db m34250) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Hill City — Multiple Purpose Management in Action
This young Ponderosa Pine forest was thinned by the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1935 to improve the growth of the remaining trees[.] The first commercial harvest was made in 1959 when the area was thinned again for posts and poles. From now on a . . . — Map (db m37116) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Hill City — Sheridan — 1875-1942
Sheridan, located 1/2 mile NE, now 30 feet under water, was named for General Philip Sheridan and founded in 1875 on Cheyenne-Deadwood Trail, as Golden, in the belief that fabulous placer gold existed here. Still Indian Country and everybody a . . . — Map (db m34276) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Hill City — The Black Hills Central Railroad — 1880 Train
The Black Hills Central Railroad has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 1893 — Map (db m70976) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Hill City — Von Woehrman Building
This building is listed on the National Register as the oldest commercial hand-hewn log building in continuous use in South Dakota. Built in 1885 by the German immigrant Camillo Von Woehrman as a saloon and sleeping quarters; in 1890 he began . . . — Map (db m119999) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Interior — Journey to Wounded Knee — Badlands National Park
Journey to Wounded Knee-December 24, 1890 a bitter Christmas Eve wind rattled the wagon in which Minneconjou Chief Big Foot lay waiting while his people cleared a pass down the Badlands Wall. Several hours of hard work with axes and spades made the . . . — Map (db m62104) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Johnson Siding — Civilian Conservation Corps Camp
Camp F-4: Pactola Campsite inundated by Lake Pactola. Companies: 1789--6/8/33-10/35 2748--5/25/36-1940 The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal relief program during 1933-1942 that gave jobless men work renovating abused lands. The Army . . . — Map (db m34249) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Johnson Siding — Pactola Dam & Reservoir — Flood Control, Irrigation & Recreation
Construction of Pactola Dam began in 1952 and was completed in 1956. At times nearly 200 men worked on the dam. Unskilled workers earned $1.25 an hour and skilled workers $2.75 an hour. The men placed 2,163,251 cubic yards of impervious earthfill . . . — Map (db m37064) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Johnson Siding — Water for a Thirsty West — The Rapid Valley Unit & Project
By the mid-20th century, water in the West did more than irrigate 160 acre patches of alfalfa. Water flowed as the life blood of cities, private industries, and military bases. Droughts during the 1930s illustrated that Rapid City could not depend . . . — Map (db m37070) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — (Mount Rushmore) Chronology
1923 • Colossal sculpture in the Black Hills first suggested by Doane Robinson. 1924 • Gutzon Borglum's first visit to the Black Hills. 1927 • Address by President Calvin Coolidge at Mount Rushmore and first actual drilling. 1929 • Senator . . . — Map (db m89492) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — Abraham Lincoln — 16th President — 1861-1865
Born: February 12, 1809, in a log cabin in Harden (now Larue) County, Kentucky Married: Mary Todd (1818-1882), November 4, 1842 Children: Robert Todd, Edward Baker, William Wallace, and Thomas "Tad" Died: April 15, 1865, Washington, D.C., . . . — Map (db m89398) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — After the Fire
The Galena Fire consumed 16,788 acres, mostly within the borders of Custer State Park. More than $2.1 million was spent fighting the fire, and about $4.4 million worth of timber burned. None of Custer State Park's buildings were damaged, no people . . . — Map (db m45351) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — Father of Mt. Rushmore — Doane Robinson
Doane Robinson (1856-1946) was the South Dakota state historian from 1901 to 1926. Speaking to the Black and Yellow Trail Association in January 1924, Robinson proposed his idea to carve legendary figures of the American West into the Black Hills . . . — Map (db m103866) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — George Washington — 1st President — 1789-1797
Born: February 22, 1732, Westmoreland County, Virginia Married: Martha Danbridge Curtis, (1732-1802), January 6, 1759 Children: John and Martha Curtis (adopted) Died: December 14, 1799, at Mount Vernon, Virginia Education: No formal . . . — Map (db m89399) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — Gutzon Borglum — (John Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum) — Born March 25, 1867--Died March 6, 1941
His birthplace was Idaho. California first taught him art. Then France, who first gave him fame. England welcomed him. America called him home. His genius for the exquisite as for the colossal, gave permanence on canvas, in bronze, in marble, to . . . — Map (db m49105) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — History of the United States of America
Almighty God, from this pulpit of stone the American people render thanksgiving and praise for the new era of civilization brought forth upon this continent. Centuries of tyrannical oppression sent to these shores, God-fearing men to seek in freedom . . . — Map (db m89493) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — Peter Norbeck
Norbeck Wildlife Preserve Created by Act of Congress, 1949 Peter Norbeck 1870 – 1936 Well driller, Statesman, first native Governor of South Dakota, U.S. Senator, founder of Custer State Park, sponsor of Mount Rushmore . . . — Map (db m4395) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — Rushmore Workers
1927–1941 (list of names)Map (db m2114) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — The Galena Fire Chronology
Contributing Factors For several months prior to the Galena Fire, weather conditions were unusually hot and dry. Average annual precipitation for this region is 18 inches. In the 12 months before the fire only 11 inches fell in the Park.

The . . . — Map (db m45350) HM

South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — The Power to Carve a Mountain
Over 450,000 tons of rock were removed from Mount Rushmore to bring out the four presidential faces. Although about 90% of the rock was removed with dynamite, the remaining rock was removed by drilling with jackhammers and wedging the rock off the . . . — Map (db m89491) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — Theodore Roosevelt — 26th President — 1901-1909
Born: October 27, 1858, New York, New York Married: Alice Hathaway Lee (1861-1884), October 27, 1880; Edith Kermit Carow (1861-1848), December 2, 1886 Children: Alice, Theodore, Jr., Kermit, Ethel, Archibald, Quentin Died: January 6, 1919, . . . — Map (db m89459) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Keystone — Wildlife and Fire
It would seem that a large forest fire would destroy an area for wildlife. However, the Galena Fire has improved much of the Park's wildlife habitat. The fire created many open meadows where grasses and shrubs are now growing. The mixture of meadow . . . — Map (db m45352) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Philip — Invisible Warriors
…(for) people who are on alert at the launch missile control centers it's very much an invisible thankless job.…nobody sees what they do, nobody cares about it. I see them as almost invisible warriors, the security police that are there, the . . . — Map (db m113088) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Rapid City — Historic Madison Ranch — Home of "Mr. Rodeo" James "Russ" Madison
A one time member of Buffalo Bill Cody's Wild West Show, Madison came to Dakota Territory in 1886 and the history of South Dakota Rodeo began. Russ won the Champion Relay Race in Sioux City, Iowa, in 1907 and then began building his bucking . . . — Map (db m113149) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Scenic — Cliff Shelf Nature Trail
This loop trail rises 300 feet to a dramatic view of the White River Valley. From this elevation you can also see the flat-topped Eagle Butte, 25 miles (40 km) to the south. Humans have used the Cliff Shelf for more than 11,000 years. More than 50 . . . — Map (db m45290) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Wall — Born of Volcanos
Thirty-seven million years ago, the ancient crystalline core of the Black Hills had already been exposed by erosion. The long blue profile of those mountains, visible to the west, looked much as it does now. About that time, streams flowing . . . — Map (db m4404) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Wall — High Security
The fence in front of you once guarded the Delta-09 Launch Facility which held a Minuteman II intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). During the Cold War, anyone or anything that crossed this fence was in serious trouble. Standing orders meant . . . — Map (db m66953) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Wall — Jungle on a Seabed
A jungle grew here. Before that, a shallow sea covered the land. Both are gone now, but both left evidence of their passing. The sea's signature is ammonites, baculites, and clams, pearly fossils entombed in a fossil mud called the Pierre . . . — Map (db m4399) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Wasta — Cheyenne River Rest Area
South Dakota's rich western heritage has been remembered along the Interstate highway system at safety rest areas and tourist information centers. The eight pillars which thrust skyward here merge in the framework of a tipi, the Plains . . . — Map (db m124102) HM
South Dakota (Pennington County), Wasta — Purple Heart Memorial Highway
On May 24, 2012, the South Dakota DOT's Transportation Commission officially declared Interstate 90 from the Minnesota border to the Wyoming border as South Dakota's segment of the National Purple Heart Trail. The Purple Heart Trail was . . . — Map (db m124101) HM

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