The peaceful pond before you once had fruitful purpose besides beauty and recreation. Imagine the pond filling with water from the river that was diverted by a dam, while simultaneously the pond drained into a millrace.
This millpond and . . . — — Map (db m150574) HM
"Along this section of the valley, where once the vibrant hum of a thriving industry could be heard... now the silence of the tomb prevails. The gods of progress direct its movements in mysterious ways." - L.S. LeRendu, W.J. Dickey & Sons . . . — — Map (db m8838) HM
Demands for cleaner drinking water in Baltimore City and County compelled Catonsville banker and philanthropist Victor G. Bloede to organize and Baltimore County Water & Electric Company in 1909.
In 1910, Bloede's company purchased the . . . — — Map (db m8843) HM
Though now heavily silted, the Patapsco River was once navigable to this point, and Elkridge Landing, just downstream, was an important colonial port, rivaling old Annapolis. Here hogsheads of tobacco from nearby plantations were rolled to waiting . . . — — Map (db m166504) HM
Dorsey's Forge (1761-1815):
"At that time there were two Negroes belonging to Edward H. Dorsey, a Negro man called Prince, who was a forgeman, and a Negro man called Sam who was a striker in a Blacksmith shop." - Maryland Chancery . . . — — Map (db m8842) HM
When European settlers discovered the Patapsco Valley, they found a source of untamed beauty rich in resources. Susquehannock and Pscataway Indians hunted and fished the valley full of elk, black bear, bison, gray wolves and deer. The white settlers . . . — — Map (db m8840) HM
This inconspicuous ditch is a remnant of the Avalon millrace. Originally dug in the 1700s, it supplied water from the Patapsco River to Dorsey's Forge. The millrace later served the Avalon Iron & Nail Works and the Baltimore County Water & Electric . . . — — Map (db m8841) HM
The basin in front of you and the house beside you are remnants of the Baltimore County Water and Electric Company that operated here from 1910 to 1922. the company, founded by Victor G. Bloede, supplied pressurized water to parts of Baltimore city, . . . — — Map (db m8844) HM
"There is much to be discovered [indistinguishable] way of beautiful scenery inaccessible on account of lack of trails and [indistinquishable] time this park will be one of the nicest in this part of the county." - Tell W. . . . — — Map (db m8845) HM
500 acre grant in 1704 to Thomas MacNemara. Later called “Sweet Air.” Charles and Daniel Carroll, MacNemara’s kinsmen, acquired the property and sold it in 1751 to Roger Boyce, who built the present house. It was purchased in 1785 for . . . — — Map (db m2052) HM
In this valley 7031 acres laid out, 1683, for Charles, Third Lord Baltimore. Opened to settlers, 1721 by Charles, Fifth Lord Baltimore. Frederick, Sixth Lord Baltimore, ordered manor sold, 1766. Land remaining 1782 seized and sold as confiscated . . . — — Map (db m129902) HM
To look at Bentley Springs today it is difficult to imagine its past as a major destination from Baltimore along the Northern Central Railroad. This small village in upper Baltimore County is located just 4 miles below the Mason-Dixon line and 31 . . . — — Map (db m146982) HM
The first inhabitant of this village, dating back to 1706, was Richard Gist, father of the Revolutionary War hero, Mordecai Gist. The industrial development of the Jones Falls Turnpike Road, circa 1806, and later by the Baltimore and Susquehanna . . . — — Map (db m2272) HM
Marble from this quarry, located about a mile to the south, was used to build the Washington Monument in Baltimore. Designed by architect Robert Mills and erected between 1815 and 1829. This was the first public monument erected to George . . . — — Map (db m137696) HM
Dedicated to the following members of Westowne who served our country during World War II
Ayres, Wm. •
Barry, T.F. •
Baxter, R.J. •
Bendann, D.P. •
Bennett, R.S. •
Bennett, W.H., Jr. •
Bigham, W.A. •
Bjerk, B.W. •
Blair, . . . — — Map (db m183553) WM
This plaque is in commemoration of the 20th Anniversary of the opening of the Benjamin Banneker Museum. (June 9, 1998) the result of a collaborative effort between the Friends of Benjamin Banneker Historical Park and Museum and Baltimore County . . . — — Map (db m144731) HM
This 6-miles-to-Baltimore marker was welcomed by thousands on horseback, in stagecoaches and wagons, who traveled this Frederick Turnpike. Some headed west to settle in the Ohio Valley, along with merchants selling their wares, while millers with . . . — — Map (db m39347) HM
On September 10, 1935, Black students Lucille Scott and Margaret Williams were denied admittance to Catonsville High School. NAACP attorney Thurgood Marshall filed suit. Although they lost the case, Maryland's Court of Appeals . . . — — Map (db m128246) HM
Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, . . . — — Map (db m134999) HM
During the Civil War, Baltimore and its environs exemplified the divided loyalties of Maryland’s residents. The city had commercial ties to the South as well as the North, and its secessionist sympathies erupted in violence on April 19, 1861, when . . . — — Map (db m71334) HM
You are standing on what was once part of Benjamin Banneker's farmstead. Mary and Robert, Benjamin's parents, purchased a 100 acre parcel in 1737 for 7,000 pounds of tobacco. Benjamin was a small child when he moved from the Elkridge area to this . . . — — Map (db m225173) HM
This orchard grows to remind us of the care and work Benjamin Banneker (1731-1806) devoted to his land long ago. Cultivation of this orchard began in 2008 with a variety of fruit trees similar to what Banneker grew. He may have also collected wild . . . — — Map (db m103478) HM
The self-educated Negro mathematician and astronomer was born, lived his entire life and died near here.
He assisted in surveying the District of Columbia, 1791, and published the first Maryland Almanac, 1792. Thomas Jefferson recognized his . . . — — Map (db m160718) HM
"Make easy the way for them and then see what an influx of articles will be poured upon us." - George Washington, 1786
You are standing on the original roadbed of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, North America's first common-carrier . . . — — Map (db m8874) HM
"There was a man killed yesterday by a fall from the centre of the 1st arch [of the Thomas Viaduct]... What a sympathy there is between these rough men. It was affecting to see his fellow laborers dressed in their best, going in a body to escort . . . — — Map (db m8872) HM
A gift from Charles Carroll of Carrollton, Castle Thunder, the home of Richard and Mary Carroll Caton, stood on this site from 1787 to 1906.
The 7-mile Frederick Turnpike stone marker of 1804 was moved here from its original position 3/10 . . . — — Map (db m4910) HM
This 1877 “Plan of Catonsville” lays outs all the possibilities of an energetic and emerging suburb of Baltimore, only eight miles, or a one-day carriage ride, to the east. The centerpiece of the town is the Frederick Turnpike, part of . . . — — Map (db m5500) HM
The reign of stagecoaches and Conestoga Wagons on the Baltimore and Frederick-Town Turnpike only lasted seventy years. Omnibuses, attached to teams of four horses, began rolling out from Baltimore to Catonsville in 1862.
The Catonsville Short . . . — — Map (db m5536) HM
On May 17, 1968, nine Catholic activists raided the Selective Service office in Catonsville and burned several hundred draft files to protest the Vietnam War. In a highly-publicized trial, the “Nine”, who included priests Daniel and Philip Berrigan, . . . — — Map (db m136419) HM
This memorial is dedicated to all the men and women of the Catonsville area who served their country in the armed force to preserve freedom for future generations. Some did not return. May they all be long remembered. — — Map (db m8609) WM
Named in honor of George and Betsy Sherman, in recognition of their sustained generosity and deep commitment to making a difference through education. Their philanthropy in the Baltimore community has helped serve at-risk children and families, and . . . — — Map (db m145235) HM
Named in honor of Baltimore's legendary civic leader and his wife, Sondheim Hall and the Janet and Walter Sondheim Public Affairs Scholars Program affirm UMBC's connections to Baltimore and the university's mission to integrate research, teaching . . . — — Map (db m145236) HM
The Ellicott brothers constructed what became the first leg of the Baltimore and Frederick-Town Turnpike to get their flour to market in Baltimore. By 1787, they cut a new road east through the forests to shorten the trip to the city. This route . . . — — Map (db m128248) HM
Salemsgemeinde, the German Evangelical Lutheran Salem Congregation, was founded September 30, 1849 by German immigrants, many from Bavaria. The congregation dedicated this Gothic Revival style church June 16, 1850. That year the congregation built a . . . — — Map (db m115248) HM
"Any Monday morning one could hear the beginnings of the stir of activity as the heavy machinery in the mill started to move, gather speed and settle into a steady rhythmic rumble which was maintained at the same rate day and night . . . — — Map (db m8871) HM
Named in honor of Robert and Jane Meyerhoff, whose commitment to nurturing the potential of others launched the Meyerhoff Scholarship program at UMBC and established the University as a leader in achieving both excellence and diversity. Their . . . — — Map (db m145233) HM
This plaque commemorates Robert Bannaky, the colonial African American father and farmer. He purchased this historic land in 1737, with the sale of 7,000 pounds of tobacco. Robert was from Guinea (present day Ghana/Nigeria region of Africa), . . . — — Map (db m78504) HM
Over the last 300 years, the now tranquil Patapsco Valley has seen dramatic changes.
During the industrial revolution, resource-hungry industries stripped trees from the hillsides to make charcoal. Every household needed wood as its . . . — — Map (db m8875) HM
"[Rainfall] nearly all night with a violent gale of wind. This morning the river begins to rise. The rain pours down furiously all day. The river in a freshet, rising all the time... At night the waters very high, threatening mischief to our . . . — — Map (db m8870) HM
The Patapsco Electric & Manufacturing Company, organized by Victor Gustav Bloede, harnessed the river's waterpower to generate electricity. Completed in 1907, the Bloede Dam furnished electricity for Ellicott City, Catonsville, Carroll, Halethorpe, . . . — — Map (db m8873) HM
You are standing on land that long ago was part of an area folks called "Stout". In 1737, when Benjamin Banneker was six years old, his father, Robert, purchased 100 acres from Richard Gist for 7,000 pounds of tobacco and put young Benjamin's . . . — — Map (db m103477) HM
For over 100 years, streetcars graced the streets of Baltimore and the heavily traveled #8 line to Catonsville was one of the most popular. This line swung north from Frederick Rd. and plunged into the woods for a brief run to its terminus at . . . — — Map (db m5534) HM
Dedicated to the U.S. Marine Divisions (FMF) World War II
To all those who made the ultimate sacrifice in the service of their country by the Maryland Chapter First Marine Division Association 1996 Flag Pole Erected by William Fosnaught, Jr. . . . — — Map (db m135100) WM
Located on Wesley Chapel Road, 0.3 miles west of Troyer Road, Monkton. Second church at the site built 1888, destroyed by fire c. 1900, rebuilt in 1901, dismantled in 1976 due to declining membership. Cemetery still maintained. . . . — — Map (db m188730) HM
In June 1864, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee sent Gen .Jubal A. Early’s corps from the Richmond battlefields to the Shenandoah Valley to counter Union Gen. David Hunter’s army. After driving Hunter into West Virginia, Early . . . — — Map (db m201632) HM
Colonel Nicholas Merryman Bosley, builder, 1810, awarded silver tankard “by the hand of Lafayette” for best cultivated Maryland farm, 1824. Also home of John Merryman, early importer, 1848, of registered Hereford cattle, still, 1967, . . . — — Map (db m2280) HM
Lime Kilns in this area were built into hillsides for support. A fire was maintained at the bottom of the pit and crude lime from a nearby source was thrown on top of it. The heat from the fire would separate the pure powder form of the lime from . . . — — Map (db m53201) HM
White granite one-piece Cologne millstone from the Rhine valley, from the Fitzhugh Mill located on Fitzhugh Run, north of Dulaney Valley road near the Fishing Center, east of Jarrettsville Pike, Found on watershed property of Elmer R. Haile, Jr. and . . . — — Map (db m188729) HM
Completed in 1832, the North Central Railroad carried passengers and freight between Baltimore, York, and Harrisburg for 140 years. After the decline of the railroad, the railroad bed was converted to a rail trail in 1984. Today the Maryland portion . . . — — Map (db m53200) HM
Phoenix, one of the many mill towns of the 1800s in Baltimore County, survives today as a secluded little village beside the Gunpowder River and the Northern Central Railroad 15 miles north of Baltimore. Today's Phoenix, with its big Victorian . . . — — Map (db m53202) HM
Originally erected on the southwest corner of Church Lane and York Road. House Taylors Hall was on Padonia Road within what became quarry property, relocated to Rockland by M. Azola 1985. — — Map (db m137192) HM
Building constructed and furnished at cost of $60,000 from proceeds of sale of old Almshouse property under authority of County Commissioners granted by Acts of Maryland General Assembly, April 1, 1872. Site purchased from John Galoway. Structure . . . — — Map (db m2300) HM
From the railroad track bed of Baltimore & Susquehanna Railroad, below Padonia Road bridge. Cut out area in block is to hold rail track. Cockeysville marble, found during construction of the Light Rail.
Historical Society of Baltimore . . . — — Map (db m137189) HM
Careful planning and design along with experienced mechanics were required when constructing an iron smelting furnace. The furnace at Oregon Ridge was situated under the crest of a small bluff directly to your front. This . . . — — Map (db m219137) HM
Making it Work
Located on site were most of the resources necessary to support the production of pig iron, including iron ore, water, and marble stone. Anthracite coal transported on the North Central Railway from Pennsylvania was used as a . . . — — Map (db m219138) HM
The Iron Master was hired by the furnace owners to manage the original construction of the furnace and all related smelting operations. A good Iron Master had many skills including experience as a mechanical engineer, market analyst, . . . — — Map (db m219147) HM
If you had been standing here in 1850, you could have witnessed this scene. Mining of iron ore took place at the Oregon ore banks from 1820 to 1887.
"The Oregon Ore Pits"
The depression in front of you was one of three primary pits providing . . . — — Map (db m219163) HM
Under this bridge lies a part of Oregon Ridge's past. Around 1850 the small valley you see below, now covered in greenery and maturing trees, was an open quarry supplying ore to the Oregon Iron Furnace.
To learn more about the miners, the . . . — — Map (db m219258) HM
500 million years ago limestone was forming in ancient seas. No plants or animals were found on the land at that time. Primitive plants and animals did live in the earth's oceans, and the molecular building locks for our very own . . . — — Map (db m219250) HM
The property comprising the present day Oregon Ridge Park was first patented in the early l8th century and was primarily used for agricultural purposes. During the 1830's iron ore and marble stone were discovered on the property and its agricultural . . . — — Map (db m219132) HM
During the 1800's, the land now known as the Oregon Ridge Park was an active mining village. Between the years of 1840-1870, The Oregon Mining Company mined iron and marble.
An industrial village was developed to house their Workers . . . — — Map (db m219154) HM
Furnace workers performed a variety of dangerous, dirty and hard tasks. The threat of a major furnace explosion was always possible.
Putting the Furnace in Blast
The first step in putting the furnace in blast was to build a coal fire in . . . — — Map (db m219142) HM
The furnace owners constructed a town composed of tenant and boarding houses, forge Stock house, spring houses, and company store (now the Oregon Grille Restaurant 2007) to support furnace operations and to house 200 residents.
Tenant . . . — — Map (db m219134) HM
The Colonial Forest of Baltimore County 1750
According to available records Baltimore's forests were composed of large tracks of mature trees, interspersed with grassy openings that the colonists called barrens.
Harvesting the Trees
In . . . — — Map (db m219263) HM
SACRED to the memory of Aquila Randall, who died in bravely defending his Country and his Home, on the memorable 12th of September, 1814. Aged 24 years.
In the skirmish which occurred at this spot between the . . . — — Map (db m24034) HM
The narrow land shaped by Bear Creek, Bread and Cheese Creek, and Back River was the site of the Battle of North Point, September 12, 1814. Some 3,200 Americans clashed with 4,500 British to delay the advance on Baltimore.
When Britain threatened . . . — — Map (db m79747) WM
Here General Stricker’s City Brigade inflicted severe losses upon the main body of the British Army. This spirited defense together with that of Fort McHenry the next night saved Baltimore. — — Map (db m2118) HM
Erected by the Patriotic Order
Sons of America of Maryland,
In the year of the
National Star-Spangled Banner Centennial
This building, known as the
Battle Ground Methodist Episcopal Church,
was occupied by General Stricker, . . . — — Map (db m115241) HM
Who Dies for Country, doth not yield
To death’s uncompromising sway
He soars Immortal from the field
And dwells untouched by time’s decay
Wm. M. Marine
This one-acre of the North Point Battlefield was set aside . . . — — Map (db m2136) HM
Born in Baltimore, Barney at an early age moved with his family to a nearby farm on Bear Creek in the Patapsco Neck section of the County. When only 12 he went to sea.
In the War for Independence he was commissioned a 2nd Lieutenant on the . . . — — Map (db m2120) HM
"Twenty-five years have changed everything, except the undying… spirit which makes us feel that if our country is worth loving, it is worth defending." Captain Benjamin C. Howard, keynote speaker, September 12, . . . — — Map (db m79749) HM
In preparation for a probable British landing at North Point, defensive earthworks were partially dug at a narrows in the Patapsco Peninsula three miles south of here. Midway between North Point and the American defenses at Baltimore, British forces . . . — — Map (db m88795) WM
Approximately 200 yards northwest of this spot an iron foundry, owned by William McShane, was built in 1894. When asked to give a name to the railroad depot serving his new foundry, he chose “Dundalk” in honor of the birthplace of his . . . — — Map (db m2126) HM
To the northwest, across the Patapsco, is Fort McHenry, which British Naval Forces bombarded September 13-14, 1814. Detained on a cartel boat, Francis Scott Key waw through a spyglass that the star-spangled banner yet waved in the dawn’s early light . . . — — Map (db m2128) HM
At this spot, on September 12, 1814, General Robert Ross died. He had been mortally wounded in conflict approximately 1-1/2 miles northwest of here, at the present site of the Aquila Randall monument, and carried by stretcher to this point. He was . . . — — Map (db m21373) HM
The opening of Eastpoint Mall was celebrated with great fanfare. The band played as thousands of enthusiastic shoppers watched the Governor of Maryland cut the ribbon to officially open the Eastpoint Shopping Center. Built in 18 months on 63 . . . — — Map (db m213942) HM
People living in the path of the British army as it marched toward Baltimore in September 1814 feared the worst. Some hurriedly hid valuables; others packed what they could and fled. Residents who remained faced the enemy with courage.
The British . . . — — Map (db m83039) HM
In honor and eternal memory of the men and women of this community who served in the Korean and Viet Nam Wars 1950-55, 1961-75.
They answered their country’s call and made the supreme sacrifice. — — Map (db m101203) WM
First commercial aviation facility in Maryland. Veteran World War I pilots formed club and opened Dundalk Flying Field in 1919. Renamed to honor stunt p1lot Lt. Patrick Logan, who was killed in crash during club's first major air meet. Became . . . — — Map (db m4338) HM
Where on September 12, 1814 the defenders of Baltimore under General John Stricker met the advancing British Army of 7000 under General Robert Rose, who was killed early in the engagement. — — Map (db m2119) HM
Fought on September 12, 1814, the Battle of North Point was a key part of Baltimore's successful defense. On this spot, volunteer militia valiantly stood up against hardened British veterans. The battle here, along with the defense of Fort McHenry, . . . — — Map (db m162676) HM
In 1814 Baltimore's defenders watched about 4,500 British troops march from North Point toward the city. Roughly 3,200 Americans, led by Brigadier General John Stricker, were sent to impede the advance. He positioned his men across a road at a . . . — — Map (db m68528) HM
In 1814 Baltimore's defenders watched about 4,500 British troops march from North Point toward the city. Roughly 3,200 Americans, led by Brigadier General John Stricker, were sent to impede the advance. He positioned his men across a road at a . . . — — Map (db m79757) HM
After an impressive victory at Washington, the British targeted Baltimore, the third largest city in the nation with a population of more than 40,000. Troops landed at North Point September 12, 1814, and began marching north to attack the city from . . . — — Map (db m102886) HM
The conflict upon the Battle Field on September 12, which was followed on the 13 and 14 by the unsuccessful bombardment of Fort McHenry by the British Fleet under Admiral Sir Alexander Cochrane, Commander-in-Chief of all the invading forces was the . . . — — Map (db m79881) WM
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