“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Bedford County, Virginia

Clickable Map of Bedford County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Bedford County, VA (44) Amherst County, VA (40) Botetourt County, VA (43) Campbell County, VA (22) Franklin County, VA (25) Lynchburg Ind. City, VA (235) Pittsylvania County, VA (24) Roanoke County, VA (21) Rockbridge County, VA (49)  BedfordCounty(44) Bedford County (44)  AmherstCounty(40) Amherst County (40)  BotetourtCounty(43) Botetourt County (43)  CampbellCounty(22) Campbell County (22)  FranklinCounty(25) Franklin County (25)  Lynchburg(235) Lynchburg (235)  PittsylvaniaCounty(24) Pittsylvania County (24)  RoanokeCounty(21) Roanoke County (21)  RockbridgeCounty(49) Rockbridge County (49)
Bedford is the county seat for Bedford County
Adjacent to Bedford County, Virginia
      Amherst County (40)  
      Botetourt County (43)  
      Campbell County (22)  
      Franklin County (25)  
      Lynchburg (235)  
      Pittsylvania County (24)  
      Roanoke County (21)  
      Rockbridge County (49)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Virginia, Bedford County, Bedford — A Community at "the Mons"Blue Ridge Parkway
By the mid-1800s, the village of Mons, which is Latin for mountain, had grown up around the Peaks of Otter. There was a church, a school, two mills, and a hotel. The small community provided services to tourists who had discovered the Peaks of Otter . . . Map (db m134491) HM
2 Virginia, Bedford County, Bedford — Abbott LakeStanley William Abbott — 1908 - 1975 —
The first resident landscape architect and planner of the Blue Ridge Parkway. It was his vision, imagination, and creative talents in the Parkway's formative stages that made the Blue Ridge Parkway unique.Map (db m9743) HM
3 Virginia, Bedford County, Bedford — Apple Orchard Mtn.
The parkway reaches its highest elevation in Virginia - - 3950 - - on Apple Orchard Mountain. Wind, ice and snow of raging winter storms have pruned this mountaintop forest, giving it an “Old Apple Orchard” appearance. This . . . Map (db m95966) HM
4 Virginia, Bedford County, Bedford — AvenelIn the Eye of the Storm — Hunter’s Raid —
(preface) On May 26, 1864, Union Gen. David Hunter marched south from Cedar Creek near Winchester to drive out Confederate forces, lay waste to the Shenandoah Valley, and destroy transportation facilities at Lynchburg. His raid was part of . . . Map (db m42844) HM
5 Virginia, Bedford County, Bedford — BedfordHunter’s Raid — 1864 Valley Campaign —
On the evening of June 15, 1864, the lead element of Union Gen. David Hunter’s 18,000-man army arrived here and cam near Avenel. The main force arrived the following morning and started destroying the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad tracks, burning . . . Map (db m41408) HM
6 Virginia, Bedford County, Bedford — K-134 — Bedford
This place became the county seat of Bedford when it was moved from New London in 1782. First called Liberty (incorporated in 1839), the town changed its name to Bedford City in 1890 and to Bedford in 1912. A third courthouse, built in 1834, was . . . Map (db m42879) HM
7 Virginia, Bedford County, Bedford — Bedford County Confederate Monument
Deo Vindice To the Confederate Soldiers and Sailors of Bedford County. 1861-1865 Bedford honors her heroes; proudly rejoicing with the living; sincerely mourning the dead. Their history is it's brightest page, exhibiting the . . . Map (db m43042) HM
8 Virginia, Bedford County, Bedford — Bedford County WWII Memorial
June 6 1944 Erected by the Parker-Hoback Post, 29th Division Association, in memory of the Bedford County men of the 116th Infantry Regiment, 29th Division, who gave their lives in the preparation for and the participation in the Normandy . . . Map (db m52054) HM
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9 Virginia, Bedford County, Bedford — Bedford’s Volunteer Company
Oct. 10, 1774 In memory of Bedford’s Volunteer Company which fought in The Battle of Point Pleasant Thomas Buford, Captain Thomas Dooley, Lieut. Sergeants Jonathan Cundiff, Ensign Nicholas Mead • William Kennedy • John . . . Map (db m43717) HM
10 Virginia, Bedford County, Bedford — D-Day Monument
This monument’s representation of these distinct phases of the events around D-Day is particularly evident from this position. In the distance straight ahead, a formal garden planted in the design of the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary . . . Map (db m107695) WM
11 Virginia, Bedford County, Bedford — K-132 — Home of John Goode
Here is the home of John Goode, political leader, born 1829, died, 1909. Goode was a member of the secession convention of 1861; of the Confederate Congress and of the United States Congress; Solicitor General of the United States; president of the . . . Map (db m42877) HM
12 Virginia, Bedford County, Bedford — K-130 — Hunter's Bivouac
Near here General Hunter, on his retreat from Lynchburg, halted for the night of June 18, 1864. He resumed his retreat early in the morning of June 19.Map (db m42875) HM
13 Virginia, Bedford County, Bedford — K-131 — Lynchburg and Salem Turnpike
The Lynchburg and Salem Turnpike Co. was incorporated in 1818 to build a turnpike from Lynchburg west to Salem. The road reached Liberty (now Bedford) in 1828 and was completed to Salem in 1836. In Bedford County, covered bridges spanned the Big . . . Map (db m18830) HM
14 Virginia, Bedford County, Bedford — Peaks of Otter“A rougher road could not be imagined” — Hunter’s Raid —
(preface) On May 26, 1864, Union Gen. David Hunter marched south from Cedar Creek near Winchester to drive out Confederate forces, lay waste to the Shenandoah Valley, and destroy transportation facilities at Lynchburg. His raid was part of . . . Map (db m55780) HM
15 Virginia, Bedford County, Bedford — K-136 — Peaks of Otter Road
This road was followed by General Hunter when he crossed the Blue Ridge at the Peaks of Otter and came to Bedford en route to Lynchburg, June 16, 1864.Map (db m42893) HM
16 Virginia, Bedford County, Bedford — Polly Woods' Ordinary
Built in the early 1800's, this simple mountain cabin was operated as an inn, or "ordinary", from about 1830 until about 1850. Here the widowed Polly Woods catered to the "ordinary" needs of the weary mountain traveler -- a hot meal, a comfortable . . . Map (db m9655) HM
17 Virginia, Bedford County, Bedford — KM-5 — Quaker Baptist Church
A Quaker Meeting was established on Goose Creek in 1757, and a meeting house built. Fear of Indians caused most of the Quakers to move elsewhere though some of them returned. Unsuccessful attempts were made to re-establish the Goose Creek Meeting. . . . Map (db m65610) HM
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18 Virginia, Bedford County, Bedford — K-133 — Randolph-Macon AcademyLiberty Academy
Randolph-Macon Academy, a Methodist preparatory school for boys, occupied a building on this site from 1890 until 1934 when the school was consolidated with the Randolph-Macon Academy at Front Royal. In 1936, the property was purchased by Bedford . . . Map (db m42878) HM
19 Virginia, Bedford County, Bedford — Robey W. Estes Sr. Plaza
Robey W. Estes Sr. served with the United States Army in the European Theater of Operations. A platoon sergeant in Company E of the 116th Infantry Regiment on D-Day, he was part of the first wave of the attack on Omaha Beach. Wounded during the . . . Map (db m61339) HM WM
20 Virginia, Bedford County, Big Island — A Transportation CorridorNavigating a Historic River
When George Washington stood here in 1772, he sought a way to open a water route to the West. Traveling over the region’s most rugged mountains was time consuming and dangerous. New settlers needed a more efficient way to transport goods like . . . Map (db m95959) HM
21 Virginia, Bedford County, Big Island — Harry F. Byrd Memorial Bridge
. . . Map (db m95963) HM
22 Virginia, Bedford County, Big Island — James River
The James River flows from the mountains through Lynchburg and Richmond to the coast. It is the largest river in Virginia and, historically, one of the state’s most important transportation corridors. Before the Civil War, investors built a canal . . . Map (db m95958) HM
23 Virginia, Bedford County, Forest — "A Culture Productive of Infinite Wretchedness”
Long before Jefferson built his retreat house here, he had enslaved men, women and older children working the tobacco and wheat fields—going "into the ground," as he called it. They planted up to 300,000 hillocks of tobacco each year. It took 18 . . . Map (db m198081) HM
24 Virginia, Bedford County, Forest — “I have this summer built a wing of offices...”—Thomas Jefferson to John Wayles Eppes, 1814
The Wing of Offices was constructed on the east side of Jefferson's retreat home in 1814, “110 feet long, in the manner of those at Monticello, with a flat roof in the level of the floor of the house." Hannah, the enslaved cook, spent many of her . . . Map (db m198085) HM
25 Virginia, Bedford County, Forest — Z 255 — Bedford County / Campbell County
Bedford County was probably named for the English statesman John Russell, fourth duke of Bedford. Russell, as secretary of state for the Southern Department from 1748 to 1751, had general supervision of colonial affairs. Bedford was formed from . . . Map (db m234611) HM
26 Virginia, Bedford County, Forest — Commemorating Lewis and Clark"The Juno of our groves" — "Trees of use and ornament" — Reported missing
(lower) Commemorating Lewis and Clark In 2003, surveyors placed a monument on the lawn northwest of the house to commemorate the bicentennial of the Lewis and Clark expedition. The brass survey disk bears the design of Jefferson's Indian Peace . . . Map (db m99783) HM
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27 Virginia, Bedford County, Forest — Crafting a Masterpiece, Longing for Home
Except for Jefferson himself, no one deserves more credit for the ornate character of the retreat house than his enslaved craftsman John Hemings. He apprenticed as a joiner under James Dinsmore, an Irish immigrant. "There is nothing superior in the . . . Map (db m198084) HM
28 Virginia, Bedford County, Forest — How was the landscape partitioned? Reported missing
About 200 feet north of this location, a fence marked the edge of the "curtilage." This sixty-one acre area separated the house and designed landscape from the larger plantation. In 1813, Jefferson noted that he had "inclosed and divided it into . . . Map (db m99785) HM
29 Virginia, Bedford County, Forest — Mounds Made of Ideas and Sweat
"If you would engage the negroes to dig and remove the earth South of the house, 90 feet wide, down to a foot below the lower floor, & descending from thence due South 1 inch in every 10 ft. ...l would gladly pay them for it, but it is only with . . . Map (db m198083) HM
30 Virginia, Bedford County, Forest — New London AcademyConfederate Cavalry Line — Hunter’s Raid —
(preface) On May 26, 1864, Union Gen. David Hunter marched south from Cedar Creek near Winchester to drive out Confederate forces, lay waste to the Shenandoah Valley, and destroy transportation facilities at Lynchburg. His raid was part of . . . Map (db m55782) HM
31 Virginia, Bedford County, Forest — K-141 — New London Academy
Chartered by the state in 1795, this is the oldest secondary school in Virginia in continuous operation under its own charter. Conducted for many years as a private school for boys, it began to receive public funds in 1884. It now operates as a . . . Map (db m55789) HM
32 Virginia, Bedford County, Forest — K-140 — St. Stephen's Church
Half a mile north is St. Stephen's Church, built about 1825 under Rev. Nicholas Cobb, later Bishop of Alabama. In the old cemetery here many members of early families of the community are buried.Map (db m42894) HM
33 Virginia, Bedford County, Forest — Transforming a Plantation into a Private Retreat, 1806—1826
When Jefferson became president in 1801, Poplar Forest was a 4,500-acre plantation with at least 60 enslaved men, women and children living and working on the property. In August 1806, President Jefferson visited Poplar Forest to help his . . . Map (db m198082) HM
34 Virginia, Bedford County, Forest — What happened to Poplar Forest after Jefferson's death? Reported missing
Francis Eppes inherited the house and 1,074 acres following his grandfather's death. His cousin Thomas Jefferson Randolph sold the remainder of the estate to cover debts. The Eppes, Cobbs, Hutter and Watts families who lived at Poplar Forest in the . . . Map (db m99781) HM
35 Virginia, Bedford County, Forest — Why build the mounds? Reported missing
Thomas Jefferson's landscape design of house and mounds may have been influenced by Renaissance architect Andrea Palladio's five-part plan for a villa (left) — pavilion, hyphen, main block, hyphen, pavilion. In his innovative design, Jefferson . . . Map (db m99779) HM
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36 Virginia, Bedford County, Forest — Why is the lawn sunken? Reported missing
Thomas Jefferson designed the sunken lawn to accommodate the lower level of the house and form an area similar to a plain parterre or bowling green. Enslaved laborers led by Phil Hubbard, working on their own time for pay, excavated the lawn and . . . Map (db m99784) HM
37 Virginia, Bedford County, Huddleston — K-161 — Smith Mountain LakeBedford County
Appalachian Power Company constructed Smith Mountain and Leesville Dams between 1960 and 1963 to generate hydroelectric energy. The waters of the Roanoke and Blackwater Rivers formed Smith Mountain Lake, one of two resulting reservoirs, which . . . Map (db m104439) HM
38 Virginia, Bedford County, Huddleston — The Moody Meeting House
On April 11, 1790, a congregation of 32 organized here as the “Baptist Church of Christ on Stanton at the mouth of Black Water.” William Johnson, John Anthony and Thomas Douglass were the ministers present and Johnson was chosen pastor. . . . Map (db m153024) HM
39 Virginia, Bedford County, Lynchburg — Plantation Worker Housing
These two brick buildings, constructed in the mid-19th century by the Hutter family, served as housing for their plantation workers. Family recollections say that the northern building was a residence for the overseer, while the southern one was . . . Map (db m99787) HM
40 Virginia, Bedford County, Lynchburg — Poplar Forest Planting Memorandum 1812
"Clump Of Athenian & Balsam poplars at each corner of the house intermix locusts, common and Kentucky, redbuds, dogwoods, calycanthus, liriodendron" Poplar Forest Planting Memorandum 1812 Archaeologists discovered the remains of a . . . Map (db m99786) HM
41 Virginia, Bedford County, Montvale — K-121 — Colonial Fort
Near here stood a fortified dwelling used for shelter during periods of warfare between European colonists and Native Americans. To this fort in 1756 came Mary Draper Ingles (Mrs. William Ingles) for protection following her escape from captivity by . . . Map (db m42851) HM
42 Virginia, Bedford County, Montvale — Peaks of Otter
Straight ahead are SharpTop Mountain and Flat Top Mountain. They are two of the three prominent summits that surround the Peaks of Otter area, approximately 6.5 miles distant. No one knows for certain why the area is called the Peaks of Otter. The . . . Map (db m95955) HM
43 Virginia, Bedford County, Thaxton — K-160 — 1889 Thaxton Train Wreck
On 2 July 1889, a heavy storm turned nearby Wolf Creek into a raging river. The railroad embankment known as Newman’s Fill, just north of here, became saturated. About 1:25 AM, it collapsed under the weight of Norfolk & Western Passenger Train . . . Map (db m84781) HM
44 Virginia, Bedford County, Timberlake — K-135 — Callaway-Steptoe Cemetery
Nearby are buried several prominent area settlers and their descendants. Col. William Callaway, in 1755 one of the first two members of the Virginia House of Burgesses from Bedford County, donated the hundred acres of land on which the town of New . . . Map (db m65605) HM
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Dec. 10, 2023