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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Defiance, Ohio
Location of Defiance, Ohio
► Defiance County (57) ► Henry County (43) ► Paulding County (31) ► Putnam County (31) ► Williams County (24) ► Allen County, Indiana (63) ► DeKalb County, Indiana (11)
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Defiance's Original Plat
Historic Homes of Defiance began researching Defiance's Original Plan in 2000 with the intent of nominating a significant number of blocks to an historic district. The district is significant and eligible for . . . — — Map (db m165821) HM|
|Abatis and Camp
General Wayne’s Army in
1794 and General Winchester’s
Army in 1812 encamped on
Here also was the western
end of Gen. Winchester’s Abatis. — — Map (db m136580) HM|
The site of the fort was set aside as a public park in 1823 by the Village of Defiance.
Enter and follow the series of in-ground bronze plaques that highlight the fort's 1794-96 storyline and features.
The Glaize was the name . . . — — Map (db m160519) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m28449) HM|
|Buffalo were recorded here in 1718 to the east across the river.
This entire area was an important Indian trade center from early times to c. 1830.
Trading posts were established here in the middle 1700's including George Ironside's and Peter . . . — — Map (db m28539) HM|
1712 --- 1769 — — Map (db m26826) HM|
| These cannons, used for coastal defense, were located in North Carolina's
Confederate Fort Fisher. They were captured by Union forces during the Civil
War. They were given to the community of Defiance in 1896 by the U.S. Government.
Originally . . . — — Map (db m160541) HM WM|
|On August 9, 1794, General Anthony Wayne ordered Major Henry Burbeck to erect a garrison
at the confluence. Though it was constructed in only six days using crude implements and
materials that were on hand, it was the strongest fort built during . . . — — Map (db m160528) HM|
Mineral Spring 1790
Birthplace of Ottawa
Chief Shabonee 1775
Lodge of Shawnee Chief
Blue Jacket 1792
Winchester Camp No 1
Blue Jacket . . . — — Map (db m28354) HM|
|A trench sixteen feet wide by eight feet deep was dug on three sides of the fort. Earth removed from the trench was used to form a six-foot high earthen parapet next to the fort's wall of pickets and exterior sides of the blockhouses. The parapet . . . — — Map (db m160536) HM|
French Mission 1650
Jesuit Mission 1670
Moravian Christian Indians 1781
Great Indian Cornfields 1794
Cabin and Home of Delaware
Chief Whingy-Pooshies and
Boy Captive, John Brickell
1791 - 1794 - 1795
British . . . — — Map (db m165819) HM|
This bridge a pratt through truss, was built in
1906 by the Massillon Bridge Company of Toledo,
Ohio at a cost of $3,967.50. It replaced a bridge
built in 1882. Dey road was petitioned for as a
public road in 1832 In what was then . . . — — Map (db m159985) HM|
|Troop quarters located on
both first and second levels. — — Map (db m160544) HM|
| The Response – Defiance Crescent-News
Thursday, March 27, 1913
"The great yellow flood of muddy water that swept the Maumee
Valley and seemed to make Defiance its central point was followed by a fall of pure white snow . . . — — Map (db m165820) HM|
|The arrival of the Legion of the United States at this point on August 8, 1794 marked the end of General Anthony Wayne's difficult march, through swamps and forests, from Fort GreeneVille. On this site, in the center of the Indian country, General . . . — — Map (db m18668) HM|
|Fort Defiance was erected upon this site by General Wayne August 9-17, 1794 and thus "The Grand Emporium of the hostile Indians of the west was gained without loss of blood."
From this point General Wayne advanced against the Indians and . . . — — Map (db m18751) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m29662) HM|
|Fort Defiance Flagstaff
All land north to Canada is surveyed on baseline running from this point. — — Map (db m18768) HM|
|Here in 1794 General Anthony Wayne built Fort Defiance during the Indian Wars prior to the Battle of Fallen Timbers.
Fort Winchester was built south of here during the War of 1812.
Down river from here is Preston Island, former site of Indian . . . — — Map (db m28542) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m18671) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m18717) HM|
|[Front Text] : "Fort Winchester"
General William Henry Harrison ordered the construction of Fort Winchester at the beginning of October 1812 and it was completed October 15. The fort served as a forward observation post and supply . . . — — Map (db m37974) HM|
Largest on Record
9 Ft. Diameter
60 Ft. Spread 45 High
Bore 200 Bu. 1872
1670 - 1887 — — Map (db m28438) HM|
|As Anthony Wayne marched up the Maumee River to Kekionga (Fort Wayne, Indiana), another
Native American stronghold, he placed Major Thomas Hunt in command of the garrison.
Major Thomas Cushing was second in command of the 200 to 300 remaining men. . . . — — Map (db m160532) HM|
|Graves of Soldiers
1794 Wars 1812 — — Map (db m136759) HM WM|
|A camp was established September 1, 1861, for the drill and organization of the 38th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment. The camp was named after Allen Trimble, an early Governor of the State of Ohio. Camp Trimble was located on the former Hull farm, . . . — — Map (db m159753) HM|
1774 - 1845
1811 - 1828 — — Map (db m28431) HM|
| Anthony Wayne's army was made up of four sub-legions totaling nearly 2500 men plus a group of about 1200 mounted Kentucky militia led by general Charles Scott. Wayne's second in command was General James Wilkinson. Since Fort Defiance was a small . . . — — Map (db m160524) HM|
|[Text on the south side of the Marker]:
Little Turtle (Me-she-kin-o-quah)
1752 - 1812
Little Turtle, a war chief of the Miami People, was born near
present-day Fort Wayne, Indiana. From 1790 to 1794, he lived in a . . . — — Map (db m52992) HM|
|Three separate fire basins with one central chimney were located here. There may have been an oven-like platform located above the basins for baking. — — Map (db m160698) HM|
|Officers stayed in their own log structure. It may have been divided into four rooms. Enlisted men were quartered within the four log blockhouses. All structures had fireplaces. — — Map (db m160534) HM|
|Evidence of a stone or shale storehouse was found in this general area. The gunpowder may have been stored here below ground level. Shale-slate building material was plentiful along the Auglaize River. — — Map (db m160545) HM|
|Artificer and blacksmithing activities took place in this area. — — Map (db m160538) HM|
Here, in 1712, was born the
Great Indian chief who in-
cited Pontiac’s Conspiracy.
He federated the tribes and
with the aid of the French
threatened British suprem-
acy. Killed in Illinois . . . — — Map (db m28350) HM|
|Named for the Ottawa Indian chief said to have been born here c. 1712. Site of the largest recorded apple tree "French and Indian" c. 1680 to 1887. Here Oliver Spencer spent his Indian captivity 1792. Bark cabins and cultivated fields fields of the . . . — — Map (db m30297) HM|
|Anthony Wayne defeated the Indian Confederation at the Battle of Fallen Timbers on August 20, 1794.
The retreating Indians were locked out of Fort Miamis by their British allies. Wayne noted the artillery
mounted at the British Fort. Upon . . . — — Map (db m160530) HM|
|Route and Camp's of Gen. Wayne, 1794, Gen. Harrison, 1812, and Winchester Camp No 2, and Abatis, 1812. — — Map (db m18991) HM|
|In memory of World War Veterans — — Map (db m160515) WM|
Park — — Map (db m28405) HM|
|This land was formerly the Mamie-Bessie Nagel Farm — — Map (db m159686) HM|
|Garrison's food preparation area fireplace located in corner. — — Map (db m160521) HM|
| "Spemica Lawba-Johnny Logan"
In September 1786, Captain Benjamin Logan of Kentucky captured a young Indian boy during a raid across the Ohio River on the Machachac tribe towns of the Shawnee nation. Upon returning to Kentucky, Captain Logan . . . — — Map (db m28338) HM|
|[Front Side of Marker]: "Tale of Ensign James Liggett"
After American militia troops forcibly ended the 1812 siege of Fort Wayne, General James Winchester's Army of the Northwest marched down the north side of the Miami [Maumee] . . . — — Map (db m28336) HM|
| Back in the 1800’s there was a trail that ran from Route 66 to the Banner
School Road. This was known as the “Hornish Pike”. The west end of
the Hornish Pike started at Route 66 and what is now the Steinberger
Road. It was about ¼ . . . — — Map (db m158962) HM|
When American pioneers attempted to settle the area north and west of the Ohio River, following the Northwest Ordinance (1787), the Indians, aided by the British in Canada, fought valiantly and fiercely for their homes in the Ohio Country. They . . . — — Map (db m168307) HM|
In memory and tribute — — Map (db m160682) WM|
|Twenty-two foot square structure two levels with corner fireplace. — — Map (db m160523) HM|
|[Front Text on Marker] : "Winchester's Camp #2"
After completing Fort Winchester, Brigadier General James Winchester ordered his troops to cross to the north side of the Maumee River. The troops occupied the new site, Camp #2, from . . . — — Map (db m54318) HM|