“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Georgia Civil War Trails Historical Markers

Georgia State Penitentiary Marker in front of Georgia College. image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, December 5, 2018
Georgia State Penitentiary Marker in front of Georgia College.
1Georgia (Baldwin County), Milledgeville — L15 — Georgia State Penitentiary — From Prisoners to Soldiers — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
On this 20-acre square stood the first Georgia State Penitentiary. Completed in 1816, the walled compound occupied 2-1/2 acres in the center of the square. The penitentiary housed approximately 245 prisoners in a brick and granite main cell . . . Map (db m127158) HM
2Georgia (Baldwin County), Milledgeville — L16 — State House Square — "...pretty well ransacked and things torn up generally." — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
This 20-acre square as the center of Georgia's state government and location of its capitol building from 1807 until 1868. The "State House," imposing Gothic edifice that dominates the square contained the offices of the governor and the chambers of . . . Map (db m103227) HM
3Georgia (Baldwin County), Milledgeville — L14 — The Old Governor's Mansion — "Utmost Disorder and Confusion" — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
Construction of this Executive Mansion was authorized in 1835 and completed in 1839. The governor's earlier residence, Government House, just to the south on the corner of Clarke and Greene Streets, had fallen into disrepair. The Mansion is . . . Map (db m103230) HM
4Georgia (Bartow County), Allatoona — 16 — Allatoona Pass — Formidable — Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails —
The Western & Atlantic Railroad, running from Chattanooga to Atlanta, “winds Southeasterly among the hills, and...penetrates a minor ridge and emerges from a cut” recalled a Federal officer. The ruggedness of Allatoona Pass . . . Map (db m142914) HM
5Georgia (Bibb County), Macon — Camp Oglethorpe — "...such large wolfish eyes!" — Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails —
After the Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee, on April 6 & 7, 1862, the Confederate government selected Macon as a Federal prisoner-of-war camp site. The Macon Fair and Parade Grounds was used to incarcerate 900 prisoners-of-war later that spring. Named . . . Map (db m110167) HM
6Georgia (Bibb County), Macon — Cowles-Bond House — Railroads, Planters and Widow Bond — Wilson's Raid Heritage Trail —
This impressive home was already more than a quarter century old when Union Major General James Harrison Wilson occupied it in 1865. It is a masterpiece of one of Macon's most notable early master-builders, Alexander Elam who designed this house for . . . Map (db m103212) HM
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7Georgia (Bibb County), Macon — Fort Hawkins — The Battle for Macon — Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails —
During the early 1800s, Georgia grew through a series of treaties with the Creek Indians. After the Louisiana Purchase, President Thomas Jefferson authorized Benjamin Hawkins, Agent for Indian Affairs, to negotiate the 1805 treaty to expand Georgia . . . Map (db m103214) HM
8Georgia (Bibb County), Macon — R10 — Macon City Hall — Georgia's Temporary Capitol Building — Wilson's Raid Heritage Trail —
The building that houses Macon’s City Hall was constructed in 1837 as headquarters for the Monroe Railroad and Banking Company. In 1845, the Greek Revival temple-style building was converted into Macon’s first “fire-proof” cotton . . . Map (db m99439) HM
9Georgia (Bibb County), Macon — Macon Defensive Fortifications — The War Comes Home — Wilson's Raid Heritage Trail —
Military earthworks, also variously called redoubts, lunettes, entrenchments and breastworks, have been used for centuries as points of lookout and defense. Early in the Civil War, soldiers learned to dig a simple trench behind an earthen parapet . . . Map (db m103297) HM
10Georgia (Bibb County), Macon — The Lanier House — "He looked bronzed and somewhat careworn, but hardy and vigorous." — Jefferson Davis Heritage Trail —
The Lanier House, for decades Macon's premiere hotel, opened on June 12, 1850 at this location. Macon native and poet Sidney Lanier was a member of the inn-keeping family. With additions the hotel stretched 135 feet on Mulberry Street with a cast . . . Map (db m130961) HM WM
11Georgia (Burke County), Midville — R17 — The Savannah Road — Camp in the Pine Barrens — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
On Monday, November 28, 1864, while elements of the Federal 20th Corps were destroying sections of the Central Railroad of Georgia at Bartow (aka Speir's Turnout), Major General William T. Sherman was traveling with his army's 17th Corps led by . . . Map (db m127163) HM
12Georgia (Burke County), Waynesboro — L25 — The J.D. Roberts Home — A Witness to the Battles for Waynesborough — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
Built about 1858 in the Georgian Cottage style as a home for J. D. Roberts, the house was designed by noted architect John Trowbridge. Subsequent occupants have included a doctor's office, millinery shop and county museum. In late 1864 the house . . . Map (db m103299) HM
13Georgia (Butts County), Jackson — R5 — Jackson — "Little was left besides themselves and their houses." — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
Jackson, seat of Butts County, "was a beautiful little place and evidently occupied by the most prosperous people of that region. Those descriptive words were penned by Union Major Thomas W Osborn, Chief of Artillery of Major General Oliver O. . . . Map (db m103197) HM
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14Georgia (Butts County), Jackson — R4 — Sylvan Grove Plantation — Colonel Spencer's Kindness — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
In 1864, Sylvan Grove Plantation was located just outside Jackson. Its owner, Asa Buttrill, built an impressive 14-room plantation house in the 1830s for his bride, Lucy Manley. The house stood slightly south of the large stone covering a wellspring . . . Map (db m103196) HM
15Georgia (Catoosa County), Ringgold — 7 — The Ringgold Depot — A Survivor of Battle — Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails —
This sandstone depot, located on the Civil War-era Western and Atlantic Railroad, was built around 1849. The first train steamed into the new station on May 9, 1850. The depot witnessed a variety of activity throughout the War. On April 12, 1862, . . . Map (db m142950) HM
16Georgia (Chatham County), Savannah — L-31 — Fort James Jackson — The Guardian of Savannah — Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails —
In 1776 a small earthwork called Mud Fort was built at this site, known as Salter's Island, on the east side of Savannah. Unhealthy conditions soon forced the abandonment of Mud Fort. In the early 1800s, United States President Thomas Jefferson . . . Map (db m200206) HM
17Georgia (Clayton County), Jonesboro — 39 — Patrick Cleburne Confederate Cemetery — Battle of Jonesborough - the Second Day — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
Located near the center of fighting on the second day of the Battle Jonesborough (Jonesboro), the final major battle of the Atlanta Campaign, this cemetery contains the graves of up to 1,000 Confederate soldiers killed while fighting here on . . . Map (db m103182) HM
18Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 21 — Kennesaw House — Symbol of Marietta's History — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
Also known as the “Fletcher House,” this building was originally built in 1845 as a cotton warehouse by Marietta’s first mayor, John H. Glover. Dix Fletcher purchased it in 1855, and after remodeling he opened it as a hotel. Located next . . . Map (db m70102) HM
19Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 22 — Marietta Confederate Cemetery — "Garden of Heroes" — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
This cemetery was established on property once owned by the First Baptist Church of Marietta. Following the church's move, John H. Glover, Marietta's first mayor, bought this parcel. His wife, Jane Porter Glover, permitted this quiet corner . . . Map (db m142953) HM
20Georgia (Dade County), Trenton — 1 — Trenton — Gateway to Chickamauga and the Campaign for Atlanta — Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails —
In early September 1863, a major Federal army entered Georgia for the first time since the outbreak of war. A division of Union Major General William S. Rosecrans' Army of the Cumberland arrived here on September 4th, the first of at least 25,000 . . . Map (db m82779) HM
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21Georgia (DeKalb County), Decatur — 28 — Old Dekalb County Courthouse — "I had no doubt of my ability to hold the courthouse..." — Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails —
Five DeKalb County courthouses have been erected here in the center of Decatur since 1823. The third courthouse structure, between 1847 and 1898, was where DeKalb County's two anti-secession delegates were selected to attend Georgia's secession . . . Map (db m142543) HM
22Georgia (DeKalb County), Decatur — 27 — The Hardman Family Cemetery — Early DeKalb County Landmark — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
The Hardman Family Cemetery is one of the oldest landmarks in DeKalb County and among the last vestiges of its early settlement. Both white settlers and enslaved African Americans were buried here. Nearby ran the Shallowford Indian Trail, a trade . . . Map (db m142533) HM
23Georgia (Emanuel County), Stevens Crossing — R18 — Pine Barren Crossroads — A Junction of Sherman's Right Wing — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
This Native American trail crossing at Georgia Highway 56 (itself a 19th century road) was a major route in colonial times. It is named the "Old Savannah Road." Starting in Savannah, it crossed the Ogeechee River, running west and south of it, then . . . Map (db m103274) HM
24Georgia (Floyd County), Rome — The Noble Brothers Foundry — “More Harm Than Any One Regiment” — Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails —
Located on the south side of Broad Street at First Avenue on the banks of the Etowah River in downtown Rome was the Noble Brothers and Company foundry, one of the most iron manufacturing businesses in the South. English-born James Noble, Sr. and his . . . Map (db m171078) HM
25Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 35 — Battle of Ezra Church — Hood's Third Attack — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
After General John Bell Hood took command of the the army defending Atlanta he directed three Confederate failed attacks against Union Major General William T. Sherman's armies. On July 28, 1864, Union Major General Oliver O. Howard's "Army of the . . . Map (db m142514) HM
26Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 25 — Battle of Peach Tree Creek — Loring's Attack — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
At 4:30 p.m. on July 20, 1864, 2,700 Confederate soldiers in two brigades of Major General William W Loring's division attacked the Federal '20th Corps, aligned north of Collier Road. "The enemy was in plain view about 700 yards distant occupying . . . Map (db m142521) HM
27Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 37 — Battle of Utoy Creek — "paying dearly for their courage and temerity" — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
By late July 1864 three major battles...Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta and Ezra Church...had weakened but not defeated the Confederate army defending Atlanta. By that time Union Major General William T. Sherman had begun inching his troops southwest . . . Map (db m185975) HM
28Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 30 — Fort Walker — Lemuel Grant's Perimeter "Line of Defenses" — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
This earthen fortification is one of the few remaining traces, of a ring of entrenchments that encircled Atlanta during the summer of 1864. The Atlanta City Council voted on May 22, 1863 to ask Confederate engineers to construct fortifications at . . . Map (db m142500) HM
29Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 32 — Georgia Railroad Freight Depot — An Enduring Symbol of Atlanta — Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails —
This building, completed in 1869 and renovated in 1981, stands on the site of the first Georgia Railroad Freight Depot, one of the major railroad structures in downtown Atlanta during the Civil War. In 1860 Atlanta was Georgia's 4th largest . . . Map (db m142540) HM
30Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 26 — Peach Tree Creek Crossing — Newton Protects Thomas's Left Flank — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
The new commander of the Army of Tennessee, Confederate General John B. Hood, hoped to destroy one of Union General William T. Sherman's three armies as it crossed Peach Tree Creek. Hood's target was Major General George Thomas's Army of the . . . Map (db m142534) HM
31Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 36 — The Extended Siege Lines — Confederate and Federal Entrenchments — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
This area contains some of the few Civil War entrenchments still visible in Atlanta. Confederate soldiers and African-American slaves dug them during the summer of 1864 as part of an approximate eight-mile fortified line running generally southwest . . . Map (db m185982) HM
32Georgia (Gordon County), Calhoun — 15 — Calhoun Depot — The War Years - 1861 - 1865 — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
The present depot at Calhoun, Georgia, originally called Oothcalooga Station, opened about 1853 and served passengers and commerce for over a century. During the 1840's, Irish immigrants had constructed the Western & Atlantic Railroad tying . . . Map (db m142934) HM
33Georgia (Gordon County), Resaca — 14 — Oostanaula River Bridges — The Battle of Resaca — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
The original Western & Atlantic Railroad bridge over the Oostanaula River at Resaca dates from 1847. By 1862, two bridges spanned the river, one for the railroad, the other for a wagon road to Calhoun six miles south. When Federal agents led . . . Map (db m142921) HM
34Georgia (Henry County), Locust Grove — R3 — Locust Grove — The Federal “Right Wing” Advances — Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails —
Leaving McDonough on Thursday, November 17, 1864, the Federal 15th and 17th Corps separated and marched generally southeast using multiple roads. They comprised the “Right Wing” of Major General William T. Sherman's army, led by Major General Oliver . . . Map (db m186577) HM
35Georgia (Henry County), McDonough — R2 — McDonough Square — A Promise Broken — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
By Wednesday evening, November 16, 1864, after marching that day from the vicinity of Stockbridge, two Federal infantry corps camped at locations around McDonough, the seat of Henry County. The 17th Corps, more than 11,000 strong and commanded by . . . Map (db m186572) HM
36Georgia (Houston County), Warner Robins — The Fallen President — The Humiliation of Captivity
Confederate President Jefferson Davis, his family and entourage, guarded by the 4th Michigan Cavalry Regiment led by Union Lieutenant Benjamin D. Pritchard, passed through this area on Saturday, May 13, 1865. The area was then a small farming . . . Map (db m197994) HM
37Georgia (Jasper County), Hillsboro — R7 — Hillsboro — The "Right Wing" Marches through Jasper County — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
Hillsboro (originally spelled Hillsborough), named for pioneer settler Isaac Hill, is one of the oldest communities in central Georgia. It is the birthplace of Benjamin Harvey Hill, a United States and later Confederate States Senator. The . . . Map (db m103202) HM
38Georgia (Jefferson County), Bartow — R16 — Bartow — " a continuous fire..." — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
The land where you now stand was originally settled by Revolutionary War hero and statesman General Solomon Wood. To protect against Indian attacks Wood built a fort approximately one mile to the east for protection of his family and neighbors. . . . Map (db m103273) HM
39Georgia (Jefferson County), Louisville — L20 — Crossing the Ogeechee River — A Classic Military Maneuver — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
When an army crosses a large stream it is vulnerable to attack. Commanders often reduce this hazard by crossing at multiple locations, decreasing congestion and expediting the movement. When possible each crossing occurs within close supporting . . . Map (db m103309) HM
40Georgia (Jefferson County), Louisville — L21 — The Sacking of Louisville — "...thoroughly and completely ransacked..." — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
On Monday, November 28, 1864, Union Major General William T. Sherman's "Left Wing" commanded by Major General Henry W. Slocum reached the Ogeechee River and Rocky Comfort Creek just west of Louisville. The bridges had been destroyed by portions of . . . Map (db m103307) HM
41Georgia (Jenkins County), Millen — R19 — Millen Junction — "...its destruction was a brilliant spectacle." — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
Millen Junction was founded in 1835 as an inn owned by Robert Hendricks Gray. Originally named Brisonville, it is located approximately 80 miles from Savannah on the Central Railroad of Georgia. Thus the town was also called "The 80 Mile Depot" . . . Map (db m169088) HM
42Georgia (Jenkins County), Perkins — L26 — Battle of Buck Head Creek — " one volley and fall back." — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
Big Buckhead Baptist Church was initially established in 1774 but was disrupted by the Revolutionary War. It was reconstituted in 1787. Delegates to the annual convention of Georgia Baptists meeting here in 1831, "Resolved, that as soon as the . . . Map (db m103278) HM
43Georgia (Jones County), Clinton — R9 — Old Clinton — "...with much difficulty he restrained them from burning the [entire] town." — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
Founded in 1808 Clinton was a commercial and educational center and the early seat of Jones County. It was planned with streets in a New England styled gridiron pattern and a central square. In 1820 Clinton was the fourth -largest town in Georgia. . . . Map (db m103208) HM
44Georgia (Jones County), Griswoldville — R11 — Griswoldville — One Man's Dreams Destroyed — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
Griswoldville is among the most severe examples of destruction during the March to the Sea. Nothing remains today of the industrial town that once occupied this crossroads. Named for Samuel Griswold (1790-1867), a Connecticut industrialist, . . . Map (db m127156) HM
45Georgia (Jones County), Round Oak — R8 — Sunshine Church — A Bitter Defeat — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
As part of a two-pronged Cavalry raid, on Wednesday, July 27 1864, Union Major General George Stoneman with over 2,100 troopers left the main Federal army then located near Atlanta. Stoneman's orders from Major General William T. Sherman, were to . . . Map (db m103205) HM
46Georgia (Paulding County), Dallas — 19 — Battle of New Hope Church — A Costly Failure — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
On Wednesday, May 25, 1864, a fierce battle was fought between Union Major General Joseph Hooker's 20th Corps and Confederate Major General Alexander P. Stewart's division. It occurred around a church located at this crossroads, known as . . . Map (db m142916) HM
47Georgia (Paulding County), Dallas — 20 — New Hope Church Cemetery — "The Hell Hole" — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
The cemetery and former sanctuary for New Hope Church became parts of a battlefield on Wednesday, May 25, 1864. The Federal 20th Corps, commanded by Major General Joseph Hooker, attacked Confederate Major General Alexander P. Stewart's . . . Map (db m142917) HM
48Georgia (Pulaski County), Hawkinsville — A $100,000 Reward — "...a perceptible change..." — Jefferson Davis Heritage Trail —
After capturing Confederate President Jefferson Davis, his family, staff and escort just north of Irwinville, Georgia near dawn on Wednesday, May 10, 1865, Union Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin D. Pritchard and his 135-man detachment of the 4th Michigan . . . Map (db m174535) HM
49Georgia (Pulaski County), Hawkinsville — Federal Pursuit — Hawkinsville and Pulaski County — Jefferson Davis Heritage Trail —
Pulaski County was created in 1808 and named for Count Casimir Pulaski. He was a Polish born Brigadier General and hero during the American Revolution who was mortally wounded at Savannah, Georgia in 1779. Hawkinsville became the county seat in . . . Map (db m174537) HM
50Georgia (Putnam County), Eatonton — Putnam County Court House — Eatonton, Georgia — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
Eatonton's “Liberty Pole,” erected after Georgia's secession in 1861, towered 102 feet above the Putnam County Court House grounds holding an oversized flag. Approximately 10,000 Putnam County residents produced six infantry companies for . . . Map (db m197750) HM
51Georgia (Richmond County), Augusta — L22 — The Augusta Arsenal — A "great arsenal of construction..."
On January 24, 1861 five days after Georgia's secession from the Union, Governor Joseph E. Brown accepted the surrender of the United States Arsenal at Augusta from Captain Arnold Elzey. {Picture included} Brown rejected Elzey's . . . Map (db m36086) HM
52Georgia (Richmond County), Augusta — L23 — The Confederate States Powder Works — "...the best powder mill in the world..."
When the conflict began in April 1861, leaders on both sides were unprepared to wage a long war. The Confederacy's industrial capacity was especially lacking, and munitions of all types were scarce. Initial stores of gunpowder . . . Map (db m32882) HM
53Georgia (Screven County), Oliver — R20 — Little Ogeechee Church — "Now you understand what a flank movement means" — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
Little Ogeechee Baptist Church is the oldest congregation in Screven County. Organized in 1790, its first two structures were composed of logs. During the Civil War members met in a white clapboard building with a high-pitched roof and an impressive . . . Map (db m128287) HM
54Georgia (Screven County), Sylvania — L27 — Jacksonborough — A Civil War Ghost Town — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
Jacksonborough became the seat of government for Screven County in 1797. For fifty years it was a thriving community, but by 1847 it had declined and the county seat moved to Sylvania. According to legend an itinerant preacher named Lorenzo Dow . . . Map (db m128288) HM
55Georgia (Walker County), Chickamauga — 4 — Crawfish Spring — A "Magnificent" Respite from Carnage
Crawfish Spring was the first name given to the modern community Chickamauga, Georgia. Cherokees lived in this area before their forced removal in 1838, with their Chickamauga District courthouse located near the spring. In the 1840s an early white . . . Map (db m12314) HM
56Georgia (Walker County), Chickamauga — 5 — Lee & Gordon's Mills — A Chickamauga Landmark — Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails —
Lee & Gordon's Mills became a familiar landmark for Federal and Confederate soldiers before and during the Battle of Chickamauga in September 1863. It is located along West Chickamauga Creek on the vital “State Road" between Chattanooga . . . Map (db m142897) HM
57Georgia (Walker County), Davis Crossroads — 2 — Davis' Cross Roads — A Squandered Opportunity — Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails —
As Union Major General William S. Rosecrans' “Army of the Cumberland” entered Georgia in early September 1863, its three infantry corps were dangerously divided over a fifty mile radius. Most endangered was Major General George H. Thomas' 14th . . . Map (db m208720) HM
58Georgia (Walker County), LaFayette — 3 — Chattooga Academy - John B. Gordon Hall — Bragg's Headquarters and the Battle of LaFayette — Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails, Inc. —
Named for John Brown Gordon, a Confederate general, Georgia governor and U.S. Senator, this school stands, as a silent monument to the citizens whose legacies made La Fayette a historically rich community. Originally named “Chattooga . . . Map (db m142951) HM
59Georgia (Walker County), Rossville — 6 — McFarland's Gap — The Battle of Chickamauga Ends in Retreat — Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails —
By nightfall on Sunday, September 20, 1863, more than two-thirds of the surviving Federal “Army of the Cumberland” had retreated from the Chickamauga battlefield through this narrow gap in Missionary Ridge. One of the Federal army's . . . Map (db m142875) HM
60Georgia (Walker County), Sugar Valley — 13 — Snake Creek Gap — Sherman's First Flanking Movement — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
By early May 1864, after wintering around Dalton, Georgia, Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston's approximately 50,000-man “Army of Tennessee” was prepared for battle on Rocky Face Ridge. One of Johnston's defensive necessities . . . Map (db m142898) HM
61Georgia (Washington County), Davisboro — R15 — New Hope Methodist Church — "We camp by side of...a neat frame church" — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
New Hope is the oldest Methodist Church still in existence in Washington County. Its early written church records are lost, but oral history relates that New Hope's original structure was built in the late 1700s. It was a one-room building with a . . . Map (db m103249) HM
62Georgia (Washington County), Sandersville — L18 — The Brown House — A Bed and a Meal for General Sherman — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
The Brown House was built about 1850 by Nathan Haynes. It was purchased by merchant and planter William Gainer Brown about 1851. During the 1850s portraits of William and Miriah Brown were painted by an itinerant artist for $75 plus room and board. . . . Map (db m103238) HM
63Georgia (Washington County), Sandersville — L17 — Washington County Courthouse — "We had fought for the town and it was our plunder." — Jefferson Davis Heritage Trail —
On Thursday, November 24, 1864, the 14th and 20th Corps of Union Major General William T. Sherman's army began entering Washington County. By November 26th the 28,000 soldiers of the two corps arrived in Sandersville, marching on separate roads . . . Map (db m103235) HM
64Georgia (Washington County), Tennille — L19 — Tennille Station — Sherman's "Wings" Converge — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
Tennille was founded in 1837 as Franklinville for Sam O. Franklin who gave land for the railroad's right-of-way and the town's creation. Its name was changed in 1842 after a prominent local citizen, Francis Tennille. The following year Tennille also . . . Map (db m103239) HM
65Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 12 — Battle of Dug Gap — Many of them gained the crest, but were met by a tremendous fire..." — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
In early May 1864 the main advance of Union Major General William T. Sherman's armies near Dalton was made toward Snake Creek Gap to the southwest. To draw attention away from this effort other Federal troops attempted to cross Rocky Face . . . Map (db m142900) HM
66Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — Crow Valley — "...too strong to be carried without great slaughter." — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
The opening actions of the Atlanta Campaign occurred around Dalton during early May 1864. Union Major General William T. Sherman's strategy, as two of his three armies approached from the north and northwest, involved a series of demonstrations by . . . Map (db m85914) HM
67Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 11 — Dalton Confederate Cemetery — Honored in Death — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
This cemetery was established during the Civil War on about four and one-half acres of Dalton's original ten-acre cemetery donated to the city by Duff Green on February 15, 1855. Today this much larger cemetery is known as West Hill. Over . . . Map (db m142905) HM
68Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — Fort Hill — " situation was a desperate one..." — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
The Confederate "Army of Tennessee" that defended Dalton from November 1863 to May 1864 briefly returned here the following October. It was much depleted in both size and spirit. Their unsuccessful defense of Atlanta ended with its fall on September . . . Map (db m86563) HM
69Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 10 — Hamilton House — The Confederate Army Reorganizes — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
Hamilton House is the oldest surviving house in Dalton, pre-dating the city's founding. The brick home and spring house were built about 1840 by John Hamilton and his wife Rachel. John was a civil engineer with the Western and Atlantic . . . Map (db m142903) HM
70Georgia (Whitfield County), Rocky Face — 9 — Battle of Mill Creek Gap — Buzzard's Roost - May 7 to 12, 1864 — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
After their defeat at Missionary Ridge near Chattanooga in November 1863, the Confederate “Army of Tennessee” spent the winter of 1863-64 around Dalton, fortifying its defense. As the weather warmed and dirt roads dried, heavy . . . Map (db m142913) HM
71Georgia (Whitfield County), Tunnel Hill — 8 — Tunnel Hill — The Beginning of the Atlanta Campaign — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
The city of Tunnel Hill was incorporated in 1848. The next year the state of Georgia began construction of a depot in anticipation of the completion of the Western and Atlantic Railroad. This rail line linked Atlanta to Chattanooga. Yet before . . . Map (db m142946) HM
72Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 5 — Washington Square — Sanctuary for the President — Jefferson Davis Heritage Trail —
Secession sentiment was strong on Thursday, December 15, 1860, when a rally in Washington, Georgia raised a new flag over the cupola of the Wilkes County Courthouse located in the center of the town's square. It was a blue banner with a large white . . . Map (db m200043) HM
73Georgia (Wilkinson County), Gordon — R12 — Gordon — The First Phase Completed — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
Station Number 17 on the Central Railroad of Georgia, Gordon was named for. William W. Gordon, first president of the Central Railroad (and grandfather of Juliette Gordon Low, founder of the Girl Scouts of the USA). It was a strategic point . . . Map (db m103218) HM
74Georgia (Wilkinson County), Toomsboro — R14 — The Defense of Ball's Ferry — "General Howard, how can we get any further?" — March to the Sea Heritage Trail —
Ball's Ferry, named for John Ball, a Revolutionary War soldier, operated on the Oconee River from about 1806 until 1939. The quiet ferry crossing became a battleground in November 1864. Henry C. Wayne, Georgia's Inspector and Adjutant General, . . . Map (db m127161) HM
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Dec. 8, 2022