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Henrico, Virginia Historical Markers

 
The West House can be seen in the distance image, Touch for more information
By Bernard Fisher, September 6, 2011
The West House can be seen in the distance
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — "Madness"
Around 5:00 p.m. the Confederate attack began when Colonel John B. Gordon’s Alabama brigade emerged from the woods behind you. Over the next three hours 15 Confederate brigades marched into a maelstrom of iron and lead. Union artillery blasted the . . . — Map (db m46919) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — "The Big Guns Spoke"
This 1865 photograph shows the terrain over which the successful Union assault was made. Note the stumps where trees were removed to open a field of fire for the Confederate gunners. Your present location is in the right center of the photograph. . . . — Map (db m34711) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — “the grandest sean of all”
Beginning just after 4:00 pm and continuing into darkness, charging Confederate infantry made repeated assaults up these gentle slopes. In several places those attacks came within point-blank range of the Union lines. This ground is such a place. . . . — Map (db m49261) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — 48th Alabama Regiment Monument
This monument is dedicated “To the 48th Alabama Regiment Darbytown Road-August 16, 1864 Where it lost five-sixths of its men and four-fifths of its officers, and captured more prisoners than its total, and did not lose a . . . — Map (db m66150) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — A Battlefield Landmark
The Thomas J. West house stood as a prominent part of the battlefield scene—a goal for attacking Confederates and a landmark along the Union line. Most of the fresh Federal troops marching to the front on July 1 moved past this house, coming . . . — Map (db m46916) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — A Unique Photograph
On November 28, 1864, photographer T.C. Roche stood atop the Great Traverse, behind you, and took this remarkable photograph. He produced a rare unposed view of Union and Confederate fighting men in the field, seen together while at war. A . . . — Map (db m85467) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Artillery’s Terrible Effect
Malvern Hill is barely 900 yards wide here at its narrow crest, leaving room for only a small number of the nearly 200 cannon available to the Union army on July 1. The defenders placed between two and three dozen pieces of artillery across the hill . . . — Map (db m46917) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Battle of Trent's Reach
In a daring attempt to attack the Federal supply base at City Point, 11 warships of the James River Squadron ventured downriver on the night of January 23, 1865. Confederate land batteries fired against Fort Brady as the darkened warships steamed . . . — Map (db m56528) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — HC3 — Bethlehem Baptist Church
In 1828, nine people organized a Sunday school in a log schoolhouse, five miles from the Richmond City limits. Students from the Virginia Baptist Seminary, now the University of Richmond, helped it become the Bethlehem Baptist Church. The church . . . — Map (db m25610) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Bombproof
This photograph was made in late fall 1864 within feet of where you now stand. Note the casual posture of these Union soldiers, despite the fact that Confederates were less than 700 yards away. As active operations gave way to winter routine, . . . — Map (db m32931) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Braving the Fire
The Union attacking force paused briefly to reorganize in the low ground behind you. Then, defying heavy infantry and artillery fire, they lunged toward the steep earth walls of Fort Harrison. From a sketch by noted artist, William Waud. Some of . . . — Map (db m84993) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Building Fort Burnham
After capturing Fort Harrison on September 29, men of the 18th Corps concentrated on enlarging the break they had created in the Confederate defenses. Corps commander General E.O.C. Ord fell wounded as some units pushed south toward Fort Hoke. . . . — Map (db m32932) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — HC-38 — Captain Thomas Harris(1586-1658)
Captain Thomas Harris came to the Jamestown Colony from England in May 1611 on the ship Prosperous with Sir Thomas Dale. In 1635, a patent was issued to Harris for 750 acres. In 1636 this property was called Longfield and later was known as Curles. . . . — Map (db m91557) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — HC-21 — Chatsworth School
Chatsworth School was built circa 1915 as a one-room schoolhouse for the black children of the Antioch Community. Chatsworth was one of approximately twenty black schools in Henrico County supervised by the visionary educator, Virginia E. Randolph. . . . — Map (db m25489) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Chief Powhatanc.1540 to 1618
He was called Wahunsonacock. The paramount chief of 30 tribes that inhabited over 6000 square miles of Virgini's coastal lands. The father of Pocahontas and the authority who dealt with the first Jamestown colonists. He will always be remembered as . . . — Map (db m111935) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Confederate Counterattack
General Robert E. Lee deplored the loss of Fort Harrison and made immediate efforts to recapture it. Lee himself accompanied a large body of reinforcements from Petersburg on September 29. The next afternoon he threw five veteran brigades, numbering . . . — Map (db m85482) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Confederate Futility
The Confederate plan called for dozens of cannon to gather here and on the Poindexter Farm, nearly a mile to the east (your left). Their combined fire, directed at the Union batteries atop Malvern Hill, would clear the way for an infantry assault up . . . — Map (db m49259) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Confederate Trenches
Confederate troops, aided by slave labor, built these earthworks between 1862 and 1864. By September 1864, over 100 miles of defensive fortifications protected Richmond against attack. After several unsuccessful attempts, Union troops captured Fort . . . — Map (db m34716) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — V-3 — Curles Neck and Bremo
Curles Neck may take its name from the curls of the river or a family of that name. Richard Cocke, the Immigrant, patented land along the James River on the eastern side of the neck in 1636. There he built Bremo, the seat of the Cocke family for six . . . — Map (db m9243) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — HC-18 — Deep Run Baptist Church
Founded here in 1742, Deep Run Baptist Church was established as an Episcopal chapel. Modeled after St. John's Church in Richmond, it was constructed in 1749 with wooden pegs and beams that remain part of the present structure. During the . . . — Map (db m25361) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Empty VictoryFort Hoke – 1864
After capturing Fort Harrison on September 29, 1864, Union troops continued their attack against the Confederate lines that connected Fort Harrison to the James River. Here at Fort Hoke a small collection of Virginia artillerists tried valiantly to . . . — Map (db m15088) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — First Park Headquarters
This 1930s photograph shows the headquarters for the Richmond Battlefields Park Corporation. That private organization, composed of Richmond citizens, made the first effort to preserve Civil War battlefields around the city. In 1927 they purchased . . . — Map (db m84880) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — First Park Headquarters
This log structure was built in 1930 to serve as headquarters for the Battlefield Parks Corporation. This private organization comprise of Richmond citizens, worked to preserve and protect Civil War battlefields around the city. In 1927 the . . . — Map (db m84881) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Fort BradyRichmond-Petersburg Campaign
(left panel) Fort Brady Visiting Richmond National Battlefield Park The concentration of Civil War resources found in the Richmond area is unparalleled. The National Park Service manages 13 sites, giving visitors an . . . — Map (db m56525) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Fort Brady Trail
Before you looms Fort Brady, one of the best-preserved Civil War forts in the National Park Service. Like most of the fortifications built during the Civil War, Fort Brady was made of earth instead of fragile bricks. Dirt could better withstand the . . . — Map (db m32881) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Fort GilmerRichmond-Petersburg Campaign
(left panel) Fort Gilmer Visiting Richmond National Battlefield Park The concentration of Civil War resources found in the Richmond area is unparalleled. The National Park Service manages 13 sites, giving visitors an . . . — Map (db m37244) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Fort HarrisonRichmond Battlefield — Richmond Nat’l Battlefield Pk – 1862/64
Fort Harrison stood in 1864 as the most powerful fort in the extensive outer defenses of Richmond. Built on high, open ground, the fort and its surrounding entrenchments were built to protect the approaches to Richmond from the south. The Union . . . — Map (db m15491) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Fort HarrisonRichmond-Petersburg Campaign
(left panel) Fort Harrison Visiting Richmond National Battlefield Park The concentration of Civil War resources found in the Richmond area is unparalleled. The National Park Service manages 13 sites, giving visitors an . . . — Map (db m35191) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Fort Harrison Trail
Confederate soldiers built Fort Harrison on this high point of land as part of their scheme to protect the approaches to Richmond. The Union army seized the fort after heavy fighting in September 1864, altered its appearance, and renamed it. The . . . — Map (db m32921) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Fort Johnson
In the hours following the September 29, 1864, Federal triumph at Fort Harrison, 1,000 yards south of here, Confederate defenses stiffened. Two hundred Georgia infantrymen and Virginia artillerists filled Fort Johnson. Later in the morning they . . . — Map (db m32933) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Grant Under Fire
General-in-Chief Ulysses S. Grant hoped that his men could convert their early morning triumph at Fort Harrison into a sweeping and perhaps decisive victory. He arrived here three hours after the fort's capture to assess progress. Confederate . . . — Map (db m84994) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Guarding the James
After tremendous labor in a short period of time, the fort was ready for defense. By mid-October 1864, Company C, 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery brought several large cannon into the fort and mounted them along the walls facing the James River. The . . . — Map (db m32883) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Guarding the RiverFort Brady – 1864
After capturing Fort Harrison in September 1864, Federal troops built Fort Brady as a defensive post on the James River. In January 1865, Confederate ships attempted to threaten the Federal supply base downriver at City Point. Passing Fort Brady in . . . — Map (db m15480) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Guns of Fort Brady
Union photographers Andrew J. Russell and T.C. Roche arrived south of Richmond in 1865 and recorded some of the most important images of Fort Brady. This view was taken from the parapet behind you and depicts the fort's fighting battery. In the six . . . — Map (db m32885) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Henrico CountyVirginia’s Second Settlement
In 1611, Sir Thomas Dale founded the Citie of Henricus, the second settlement in the Colony of Virginia which later became Henrico County. Henrico, named for Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales and son of King James I, became one of the original eight . . . — Map (db m39688) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Hopeless Attacks
"It was a most mad enterprise, but it was ordered...It was the hottest musketry fire I was ever in. Our regiment melted under it. And we fell back sullenly-we were too exhausted and too proud to run!" Elliott Grabill, 5th United States . . . — Map (db m32934) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Infantry Against Infantry
Federal artillery enjoyed outstanding fields of fire at Malvern Hill. But the terrain here in front of the West House had wrinkles and hollows that could offer protection to attackers. Union General Darius N. Couch of the Fourth Corps, commanding on . . . — Map (db m49257) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Inside Fort BradyFort Brady – 1864
From October 1864 to April 1865 the First Connecticut Heavy Artillery was stationed here. The air shimmered with the chance of a direct hit. Almost daily, Fort Brady engaged in artillery duels with Confederate ironclads and Richmond’s outer defenses. — Map (db m15482) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Malvern Cliffs
General John B. Magruder sent wave after wave of Confederate infantry against the tempting target of Union artillery. In 1862, many of those attackers had to negotiate a largely treeless landscape filled with small ridges and ravines that bisected . . . — Map (db m84914) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Malvern Hill1862 Seven Days' Battles
(left panel) Visiting Richmond National Battlefield Park The concentration of Civil War resources found in the Richmond area is unparalleled. The National Park Service manages 13 sites, giving visitors an opportunity to examine the . . . — Map (db m46911) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Malvern Hill Trail
This one-and-a-half mile trail reveals one of the best preserved battlefields in the nation. More than a dozen signs describe the landscape, the progress of the battle, and its various landmarks. Parking lots at the crest of Malvern Hill and at the . . . — Map (db m46910) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — V-32 — Nathaniel Bacon
Bacon was born in 1647 in Suffolk, England, and was educated at Cambridge University. He came to Virginia in 1673 and settled near here on the north bank of the James River at Curles Neck. In 1676 Bacon led a force of citizen-soldiers against . . . — Map (db m9242) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — HC-4 — Old Coal Pit Railroad Bed
This railroad bed carried coal from the Deep Run and Springfield Coal Pits, two miles to the northeast of here, during the nineteenth century. The line ran south for about six miles to the now abandoned Kanawha Canal on the James River. From there, . . . — Map (db m29574) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Powder Magazine
A photographer captured Fort Brady's powder magazine in its prime, with men of the 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery (note the crossed cannon on one soldier's cap) proudly standing at its entrance. Most Civil War forts stored ammunition and volatile . . . — Map (db m84912) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Powder MagazineFort Brady – 1864
Directly in front of you is the site of a powder magazine, where ammunition and gunpowder were stored. An explosion there could obliterate the fort. To bomb-proof the magazine, structural timbers were covered with a thick layer of earth. — Map (db m84913) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Richmond BattlefieldsRichmond National Battlefield Park 1862-1864
McClellan's Federals attacked in 1862, then Grant in '64, while Joseph E. Johnston and then Robert E. Lee defended. The two major assaults on the Confederate capital fanned out into a series of battles, skirmishes and marches. Tour the . . . — Map (db m34692) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Ridge Baptist Church UDC Memorial
April 3, 1953 Erected in memory of the Confederate veterans of this locality by the Chesterfield Chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy. The original Ridge Baptist Church building was used as a hospital during the War Between the . . . — Map (db m32341) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — PA 50 — Second Battle of Fair Oaks
Lt. Gen. Ulysses Grant ordered an assault here on 27 Oct. 1864 to divert Confederate attention from a Union attack near Petersburg. Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler, Union commander outside Richmond, aspired to outflank the Confederates and capture their . . . — Map (db m116722) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Southern Valor vs. Union Firepower
“The battle, with all its melancholy results, proved, however, that the Confederate infantry and Federal artillery, side by side on the same field need fear no foe on earth.” Confederate General D. H. Hill As dusk . . . — Map (db m46913) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Storming the Fort
... The men nobly responded to their officers' call and pour over the edge of the ditch into the dry moat, and then, scrambling up the bank, some on hands and knees, some stepping on their bayonets thrust into the clay, some on each other's . . . — Map (db m34717) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Surprise Attack
You are standing where hand-to-hand fighting erupted as Union troops stormed into Fort Harrison on September 29, 1864. On top of the fort's parapet, Gen. Hiram Burnham clutched his chest after receiving a mortal wound. General George J. Stannard's . . . — Map (db m32929) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — The Courthouse TodayPart of a Complex of Local Services
The need to centralize the county’s government and to provide adequate jail facilities prompted local officials to take measures to build a new complex. A dedication of the new court facility at Parham and Hungary Spring roads took place in 1974. It . . . — Map (db m39691) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — The Courthouses in RichmondGrowth and Consolidation
The 1752 Henrico Courthouse, a colonial-style brick structure, was built in Richmond in the middle of 22nd and East Main streets. The Declaration of Independence was read publicly for the first time from its steps on August 5, 1776. In 1824, the . . . — Map (db m39690) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — The Early Courthouses in VarinaEstablishment of Justice
During the 1620s, Henrico court meetings were referred to as the Court of Upper Charles City. After the establishment of the county in 1634, the gentlemen justices of Henrico assembled for their monthly sessions either at the home of one of their . . . — Map (db m39689) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — The Farthest Advance
Two small structures used as slave quarters stood in this clearing. Some of the fiercest fighting raged around them in the twilight, as men of Paul J. Semmes’ Confederate brigade used the buildings for shelter and exchanged short-range fire with . . . — Map (db m49258) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — HC-42 — The Fergusons of Malvern Hill
William Ferguson and wife Myrtle Deane purchased Malvern Hill farm in 1942. The family was a steward of the land and its history for nearly 75 years. William moved to Henrico County in 1920 where he became manager of Curles Neck farm, helping it to . . . — Map (db m115181) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — The Gathering Storm
Atop this knoll Confederate General D. H. Hill had an unobstructed view to the crest of Malvern Hill. In the distance stood the West farm house and fields where Union batteries waited to dispute any Southern advance. By early afternoon Hill’s five . . . — Map (db m46918) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — The Killing Fields
Approaching from the James River, Union soldiers of Stannard's division suffered their greatest loss in crossing the open ground behind you. Confederate cannon along this wall delivered mighty blasts that knocked horrible holes in the attacking . . . — Map (db m84992) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — S 31-a — Tommy Edwards1922-1969
Born Thomas Jefferson Edwards here in Henrico County on 15 Oct. 1922, African American singer-songwriter Tommy Edwards composed songs recorded by well-known performers Tony Bennett, Red Foley, Tony Fontane, and Louis Jordan. He recorded for Top and . . . — Map (db m29573) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Union Defensive LinesFort Brady to Fort Burnham — Fort Brady - 1864
After capturing Fort Harrison on September 29, 1864, Federal troops built a 2½-mile line of fortifications connecting the Union position from Fort Harrison (later renamed Fort Burnham) to Fort Brady here on the James River. Once the . . . — Map (db m15479) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Union Entrenchments
Union soldiers constructed these entrenchments after the September 1864 battle. This line ran continuously south for 2.5 miles connecting Fort Harrison (Burnham) to Fort Brady on the James River. — Map (db m34715) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — SA-45 — Virginia Home for Boys
The Virginia Home for Boys is the oldest boys' home in continuous service in Virginia and the second oldest in the United States. Founded as the Richmond Male Orphan Society on 30 March 1846 for the "maintenance and instruction" of orphaned boys, it . . . — Map (db m32332) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — W-2 — Williamsburg Road
During the Civil War, Union and Confederate armies engaged in battles along major transportation corridors. Union Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan's defensive earthworks blocked Williamsburg Road east of here, for example, during the 1862 Peninsula . . . — Map (db m15922) HM

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