“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Adams County Illinois Historical Markers

James W. Singleton image, Touch for more information
By Bill Pfingsten, June 11, 2012
James W. Singleton
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — A Quincy "Copperhead" — Looking for Lincoln
Singleton had succumbed "Hook and Line" to the Democrats, stated Lincoln in 1854. He and Quincyan James W. Singleton had been fellow Whigs and disciples of Henry Clay. They had campaigned together in 1848 during Whig Zachary Taylor's . . . — Map (db m58787) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — A Victorian Cemetery — Looking for Lincoln
Woodland Cemetery—The necropolis that in life (Cornelius Volk) did so much to beaut(ify) and make attractive" (Quincy Daily-Herald, 1898). Among significant historical Woodland memorials are the gravestones of Orville and . . . — Map (db m150258) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Archaic — A Time of Change — 3000 - 1000 B.C. —
Warmer climate ends the Ice Age and encourages the growth of different plants. Deciduous trees replace open spruce woodlands. Many Ice Age animals become extinct, and woodland animals such as white-tailed deer are more common. About 7,000 years ago . . . — Map (db m150277) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Augustine Tolton
Father Tolton, the first negro priest in the United States, was born of slave parents in Brush Creek, Missouri, in 1854. Educated at Quincy schools, he returned to this city after his ordination in Rome, Italy, in 1886. He celebrated his first . . . — Map (db m58799) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Douglas' Disciple — Looking for Lincoln
"I regard (Richardson) as one of the truest men that ever lived; he 'sticks to judge Douglas through thick and thin" (A. Lincoln, 1860). Douglas composed the 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act. William A. Richardson, another Quincyan and Douglas' . . . — Map (db m58760) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Downtown Quincy in 1858 — Looking for Lincoln
Sixteen days of rain had laid a coat of mud over the macadam streets that wrapped the city's square. Called the "Model City" because of its beautiful setting on the bluffs, Quincy in 1858 occupied about five square miles within . . . — Map (db m58759) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — His Friends Rest Here — Looking for Lincoln
"Here, too, the father of the town, with other men of large renown, are gathered by that reaper stern, who cuts down each and all in turn" (Henry Asbury, Reminiscences of Quincy, Illinois". Referring to the leaders from an earlier . . . — Map (db m150257) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Honoring Soldiers — Woodland Cemetery
Inscription - North Side of Monument How sleep the brave, who sink to rest By all their country's wishes blest! When Spring, with dewy fingers cold, Returns to deck their hallow'd mold, She there shall dress a sweeter sod Than . . . — Map (db m150044) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — In Memory of the Potawatomi Indian "Trail of Death" — Indiana to Kansas, September 4 - November 4, 1838
From October 8-10, 1838, more than 800 Potawatomi Indians were encamped here in Quincy, Illinois and directly across the Mississippi River in Missouri. They were being forced to march from Southern Michigan and Northern Indiana to Eastern Kansas . . . — Map (db m150021) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Indian Mounds Park — Preserving a Legacy
In 1888, the Quincy Boulevard & Park Association was created to determine the location of parks and to develop beautiful boulevards. As early as 1894, E.J. Parker, the Association's president, began discussions with the city to acquire land where . . . — Map (db m150072) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — John Wood 1798-1880
In 1846, a majestic white oak stood on a Mississippi River Bluff on property owned by Quincy founder John Wood. It towered over the trees that surrounded it. When Wood began to plat Woodland, he chose this oak as the point around which the . . . — Map (db m150048) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — John Wood Mansion — Erected 1835
The home of Governor John Wood Governor State of Illinois 1860-1861 Founder of Quincy, Illinois — Map (db m58738) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Lincoln Correspondent — Looking for Lincoln
"The points you propose to press upon Douglas, he will be very hard to get up to" ):Lincoln letter to Henry Asbury, 1858). Originally a Kentucky Whig, Henry Asbury was one of the founders of the Republican Party in Illinois along with . . . — Map (db m58753) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Lincoln Promoter — Looking for Lincoln
"You are one of my most valued friends" (Lincoln letter to Abraham Jonas, 1860). Their friendship began in 1843 in Springfield when Lincoln and Jonas served together in the Illinois House of Representatives. Jonas became an early and . . . — Map (db m58764) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Lincoln-Douglas Debate — Looking for Lincoln
On October 13 1858, two candidates for U.S. Senate met in this public square for a sixth debate. Quincy, in the west-central portion of the state, was a true battleground area where both candidates saw reasonable prospects of victory. . . . — Map (db m58781) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Lincoln's 1854 Visit — Looking for Lincoln
On November 1, 1854 an incensed Lincoln attacked the immorality of slavery in a speech at Kendall Hall. Lincoln was awakened from a five-bear political slumber by Douglas's Kansas-Nebraska Act, attacking it in a series of speeches in . . . — Map (db m149831) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Lincoln's Confidante — Looking for Lincoln
Quincy's Eliza Caldwell Browning and Abraham Lincoln first met in 1836. She was a new bride, and he had just received his law license. When Eliza discovered Lincoln's "great merits," the two established an easy rapport. Their . . . — Map (db m58739) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Lincoln's Friend Johnston — Looking for Lincoln
Quincy lawyer and newspaper editor Andrew Johnston became acquainted with Abraham Lincoln in the Illinois Legislature when Lincoln served as representative and Johnson as assistant clerk. Like Lincoln, a Whig, Johnston was a law partner . . . — Map (db m58795) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Lincoln's Honored Friend — Looking for Lincoln
"Archie Williams was one of the strongest-minded and clearest-minded men in Illinois" (A. Lincoln). Lincoln and his friend Archibald Williams had much in common. Both were born in Kentucky and moved to Illinois. Williams coming to Quincy . . . — Map (db m58790) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Lincoln's Quincy — Looking for Lincoln
With a population of nearly 13,000 in 1858, Quincy was the Adams County seat and the third largest city in Illinois. Quincy boasted a strong, growing economy based on its transportation, milling, pork packing, and light industry. In 1853 . . . — Map (db m58755) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Lorado Taft (1860 - 1936) — Sculptor of the Debate Memorial
Best remembered for his spectacular fountains, Lorado Taft was the creator of some of our nation's outstanding monuments. Some of his most significant include Blackhawk (Oregon, IL, 1911), The Columbus Memorial (Washington, D.C., . . . — Map (db m58782) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Marquette & Jolliet — Europeans Arrive
In AD 1673, Pere Jacques Marquette, a Jesuit missionary, Louis Jolliet, a mapmaker, and a small party of Frenchmen explore the Mississippi River by canoe. In eastern Missouri they find a village of the Peoria, one of the tribes that speaks the . . . — Map (db m150074) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Mississippian — The First Farmers — AD 1000-1300 —
Farming changes almost every part of life and leads to the development of Mississippian culture. Mississippian farmers grow corn, squash, beans, and some native plants. They also hunt, gather, and fish, producing enough food to feed towns and . . . — Map (db m150286) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Navy Reserve
On this site stood the U.S. Naval Reserve Training Center of Quincy. Built in the late 1940's, it had 3 Quonset huts, office building, and surface division 9-29(m) with up to 120 personnel. Many were veterans of W.W. II, Korea and Vietnam. Others . . . — Map (db m150027) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Niemann Building
On this exact spot, the corner stone placed in 1910 for the construction of one of the finest; best commercial buildings in this entire area. Through the years, many very successful businesses were housed here. In later years several very . . . — Map (db m150028) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Original Site of Quincy College
On this corner, in 1859, the Franciscan Fathers founded St. Francis Solanus College. In September of 1860, the College was relocated on Allstynes Prairie (the present site) at 19th and College Avenue. The charter was granted by the State of Illinois . . . — Map (db m150020) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Original Site of St. Peter Church
Founded in 1839 to serve the Irish Catholics of Quincy. Here runaway slave Augustine Tolton attended school, was confirmed and worked until he entered the seminary and became the first negro priest in the United States. — Map (db m150019) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Paleoindian — The First Illinoisans — 12,000-8000 BC —
People arrive in North America from Asia more than 14,000 years ago at the end of the last Ice Age. The formation of glaciers lowers sea level and exposes a wide land bridge connecting Asia and North America where the Bering Sea is today. In . . . — Map (db m150287) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Political Allies — Looking for Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln and John Wood shared similar political views, Both were members of the Whig Party and were strongly allied against slavery. Lincoln and Wood worked to establish the Republican Party, and each campaigned for the other's . . . — Map (db m58737) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Political Campaigning in 1858 — Looking for Lincoln
Quincy was in a festive mood for the all-day event with bands, banners, and thousands of people in attendance. Historian E.B. Long said, "It was a carnival time in Illinois. Mobs of thousands journeyed by wagon, horseback, boat and . . . — Map (db m150023) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Quincy
In 1804, the Sac and Fox cede their land between the Illinois and Mississippi Rivers to the United States. Nine years later, General Howard and 1,400 mounted rangers burn a Sac village near the future site of Quincy. Legend has it that the . . . — Map (db m150073) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Quincy's Judge Douglas — Looking for Lincoln
"His name fills the nation; and is not unknown, even in foreign lands" (A. Lincoln, 1856). Stephen A. Douglas, a Jacksonian Democrat, arrived in Quincy in 1841, at twenty-seven the youngest Supreme Court Judge in Illinois history. In . . . — Map (db m150024) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Search for Equality — Looking for Lincoln
"Who shall say, I am the superior, and you are the inferior?" asked Lincoln in July 1858. The Lincoln-Douglas Debates focused on slavery. During the October 13th Quincy debate Lincoln affirmed: " the right to eat the bread . . . — Map (db m58798) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Steamboats and Railroads — Looking for Lincoln
Lincoln traveled to Quincy by stagecoach in 1854 after crossing the Illinois River at Naples. Lincoln's first documented visit was to support the Congressional candidacy of Archibald Williams and to attack the Kansas- Nebraska Act and . . . — Map (db m57881) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Stephen A. Douglas in Quincy
Statesman and politician Stephen A. Douglas began his distinguished national career in Quincy. A resident of the city from 1841-1847, he served as Associate Justice of the Illinois Supreme Court from 1841-1843, then in the U.S. House until he was . . . — Map (db m149962) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — The Browning House
On this site stood the house of Orville Hickman Browning (1806-1881) Illinois State Senator and Representative Senator, Secretary of the Interior, and Attorney General of the United States Friend and adviser of Presidents Abraham . . . — Map (db m150022) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — The History of South Park
In the early 1890's Quincy saw a need for a park on the South side. This property was then owned by Judge B.F. Berrian jointly with his brothers. On April 16, 1895 at a meeting of the City Council park committee a recommendation was made and . . . — Map (db m150206) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — The Lord's Barn
Here on December 4, 1830 the first organized congregation in Quincy was established by the Reverend Asa Turner, one of seven Yale theological students, known as the "Yale Band," who pledge to save the "west" for Christ by founding churches and . . . — Map (db m150025) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — The Monument — Woodland Cemetery
Inscription - South Side of Monument "Consecrated A.D. 1867 by Sisters of the Good Samaritan in duty, affection, and reverence to the memory of the faithful soldiers of Adams county, who gave their lives that the nation might live." . . . — Map (db m150045) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — The Mormons in Quincy
Mormons in Missouri were forced to flee their homes or face death because of an "extermination order" issued in 1838 by Governor Lillburn Boggs. Many of them crossed into Illinois at Quincy and were made welcome by the people here. In April 1839 . . . — Map (db m149828) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Thomas Scott Baldwin 1858-1923
The home of Major Thomas Scott Baldwin, aviation pioneer, once stood at this location. Baldwin invented the first folding parachute here in 1887, and by the 1890's had become one of the highest paid parachute exhibitionists in the nation. He built . . . — Map (db m150016) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Tri-State Business Center — Looking for Lincoln
Quincy's brewers and brick makers, contractors and coopers, foundry and factory workers, and diverse other tradesmen made this Mississippi River community an important center of commerce in Lincoln's day. Quincy's businessmen, whose . . . — Map (db m57883) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Ulysses S. Grant
Colonel Ulysses S. Grant and the 21st Illinois infantry arrived in Quincy, Illinois, around noon on 11 July 1861 having completed the last leg of their journey across Illinois. From Quincy, the troops were ferried across the Mississippi River . . . — Map (db m150026) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Warm, Sincere Friendship — Looking for Lincoln
Quincy's Orville Hickman Browning was Lincoln's friend, advisor, and confidant. According to historian David Donald, Lincoln considered Browning an old friend "whom he could absolutely trust. He knew the Illinois senator would never . . . — Map (db m58742) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Welcome to Illinois
In 1673 the areas of the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers were explored by Frenchmen Louis Joliet and Father Jacques Marquette. Their voyages resulted in French claims on the area until 1763 when, by the Treaty of Paris, France ceded the land to . . . — Map (db m150015) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Woodland — Village Life and Mound Building
Woodland people invent pottery for food storage and cooking and the bow and arrow for hunting and protection. They live in small villages, and they require raw materials and finished objects through long-distance trade. They bury their dead in . . . — Map (db m150278) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — World Trade Center Artifact — Dedicated by the City of Quincy September 11, 2011
This artifact is a section of the antenna tower located on the rooftop of WTC Building #1 which was destroyed during the tragic events of September 11, 2001. A television broadcasting antenna manufactured in Quincy, Illinois by Harris . . . — Map (db m150018) HM WM

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May. 25, 2020