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Coos County New Hampshire Historical Markers

 
Mount Washington Cog Railway Marker image, Touch for more information
By Kevin Craft, July 6, 2011
Mount Washington Cog Railway Marker
New Hampshire (Coos County), Bean's Grant — 45 — Mount Washington Cog Railway
Completed in 1869 for $139,500, this unique railway was built through the genius and enterprise of Herrick and Walter Aiken of Franklin and Sylvester Marsh of Campton. Over three miles long, the average grade to the 6,293-foot summit is one foot in . . . — Map (db m77797) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Berlin — 159 — Boom Piers
The small man-made 'islands' in the river were used to secure a chain of boom logs which divided the Androscoggin River during the colorful and dramatic annual log drives, when the Brown Paper Company and the International Paper Company shared the . . . — Map (db m74564) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Berlin — 215 — Maynesborough's First Residence — 1824
On the knoll north of this site, William Sessions and his nephew, Cyrus Wheeler erected "the first building that could be honored with the name of house" in what is now Berlin, NH. Sessions helped clear many other farms in the area. In the 20th . . . — Map (db m87972) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Bretton Woods — The Old Hero — Peppersass - No. 1
This is the first engine used on this road. Weight only 4 tons. Cost but $3,000.00. Was brought here in sections through the woods by ox teams from Fabyan Place. It has carried a load of 60 persons up the mountain at once and has worn itself out in . . . — Map (db m125195) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Carroll — Crawford Depot — Built 1891
Has been entered in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Restoration of the Crawford Depot has been assisted with a Federal Historic Preservation Fund matching grant from the . . . — Map (db m116631) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Carroll — 087 — Crawford House
Abel Crawford and son, Ethan Allen Crawford, built the first Crawford House in 1828. It was run by Ethan's brother, Thomas, until sold in 1852. Fires in 1854 and 1859 destroyed the original inn and a replacement. Col. Cyrus Eastman erected the third . . . — Map (db m75236) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Carroll — 122 — Mount Washington Hotel / Bretton Woods Monetary Conference
Mount Washington Hotel Standing to the east, the Mount Washington Hotel was completed in 1902 as one of the largest, most modern grand hotels in the White Mountains, one of the few built in a single campaign. Designed by New York architect . . . — Map (db m77641) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Carroll — 30 — The Crawford Family
For whom the Notch is named, included Abel and his sons, Thomas J. and Ethan Allen. They established the first regional hotels and pioneered in opening the White Mountain area to the public. Ethan and his wife, Lucy Howe Crawford, author of an 1846 . . . — Map (db m44299) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Carroll — 233 — Zealand and James Everell Henry
The village of Zealand grew up in 1875 to serve the logging industry. Henry owned 10,000 acres in the heart of the White Mtns., with a 10-mile railroad to move logs from forest to sawmill. The village had a post office, school, store, housing, and . . . — Map (db m74556) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Clarksville — 115 — 45th Parallel
At this point you stand on the 45th parallel halfway between the Equator and the North Pole. At this point you stand also at longitude 71° 24' West from Greenwich, England. A line from this point through the center of the earth would emerge in . . . — Map (db m75603)
New Hampshire (Coos County), Colebrook — The Coos Trail
The Coos Trail was built in 1803 from Colebrook through Dixville Notch along the ancient trail of the Abnaki Indians to Erroll where it met the Coos Road of Maine completed in 1802 from Hallowell on the Kennebec River Marked by . . . — Map (db m116404) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Dixville Notch — 171 — Dixville Notch — "First in the Nation"
New Hampshire has held the first-in-the-nation presidential primaries since 1920. With the first presidential "beauty contest" in 1952, our citizens have personally met the candidates and by popular ballot have declared their preference for their . . . — Map (db m74566) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Dixville Notch — Early Settlers
Here lies buried the first and only settlers of Dixville until 1865, John Whittemore and his wife Betsey. Dixville had been granted to Colonel Timothy Dix in 1805 on the condition that thirty settlers be established here within five years. . . . — Map (db m115640) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Gorham — Mount Washington Summit — The Highest Wind Ever Observed
The highest wind ever observed by man was recorded here. From 1932 to 1937 the Mt. Washington Conservatory was operated in the summit stage office then occupying this site in a great storm of April 12, 1934. The crew’s instruments measured a wind . . . — Map (db m62065) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Gorham — Northern Peaks of Presidential Range — Mt. Washington State Park — Elevation 6288
The Appalachians are among the oldest mountains on Earth, reaching back more than 500 million years into time. The present chain which stretches from the Gaspe to Georgia once may have been higher than the Alps or the Rocky Mountains. Weather and . . . — Map (db m125198) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Gorham — Presidential Range
Local History The explorer Verrazano was the first European to view the White Mountains from his ship along the Atlantic coast in 1524. Darby Field was the first white man to climb Mt. Washington in 1642. The Indians called Mt. Washington . . . — Map (db m125197) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Jefferson — 152 — Cherry Mountain Slide
On July 10, 1885, at 6 a.m., a slide from Cherry Mountain's northern peak left a deep gash from Owl's Head to the valley. A million tons of boulders, trees and mud loosed by a cloudburst rolled and tumbled a tortuous two miles, destroying Oscar . . . — Map (db m77633) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Jefferson — 229 — Granny Stalbird — 1755-1845
Known as Granny Stalbird, Deborah Vicker came through Crawford Notch c.1796 as cook for Col. Joseph Whipple. It is said she brought the first bible to the north country. She married Richard Stalbird and settled on land deeded to her by Whipple in . . . — Map (db m77632) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Jefferson — 019 — Thaddeus S. C. Lowe — 1832-1913
Born nearby, this inventor and scientist gained unique distinction as a pioneer aeronaut in the United States. He organized and directed a military balloon force during the Civil War and later invented a number of important and basic devices for . . . — Map (db m77635) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Lancaster — 173 — Lake Coos and the Presidential Range
Lancaster, founded in 1763, lies on the bed of glacial Lake Coos, formed as the glaciers receded 14,000 years ago. Today, the Connecticut, an American Heritage River, flows along the bottom of the ancient lake. You stand at a gateway to The Great . . . — Map (db m75697) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Lancaster — Stone House — Lancaster NH: Stories of People & Places
John Sullivan Wells built this unique structure between 1835 and 1840.Wells brought the granite from Northumberland to construct his home. Shortly after it was completed Wells was called to Exeter to become Attorney General and the house was sold . . . — Map (db m116640) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Lancaster — 219 — The Weeks Act — 1911
The Lodge atop Mt. Prospect was the summer home of John Wingate Weeks (1860-1926), renowned "Father of the Eastern National Forests," author of The Weeks Act, passed by the U.S. Congress, March 1, 1911. The Act enables the government to buy . . . — Map (db m77613) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Lancaster — 084 — Wilder-Holton House
This Structure, erected by Major Jonas Wilder, from boards planed and nails wrought on the site, originally possessing a four-fireplace chimney and Indian shutters, is Coos County's first two-storey dwelling. Construction was initiated on the noted . . . — Map (db m77609) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Milan — 227 — The Nansen Ski Jump
Named for Fridjof Nansen, the Greenland explorer, Berlin's first ski club formed in 1872. The club sponsored the "Big Nansen" constructed in 1936–38 by the National Youth Administration and the City of Berlin. At the time, it was possibly the . . . — Map (db m87929) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Pinkham's Grant — 011 — First Ascent of Mount Washington
Darby Field, a New Hampshire settler, accomplished this difficult feat in 1642 from a southerly approach. Partly guided by Indians and with only primitive equipment at his disposal, he is thus alleged to be the originator of all Mount Washington . . . — Map (db m77638) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Pittsburg — 001 — Republic of Indian Stream
In 1832 the settlers of the area between Indian Stream and Hall's Stream, claimed by both Canada and the United States, set up the independent republic of Indian Stream. Yielding to New Hampshire in 1836, Indian Stream became part of Pittsburg and . . . — Map (db m75611) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Randolph — 220 — The Ravine House — 1877-1963
In 1876 Abel Watson and his son Laban converted their farm on this site, facing King Ravine on Mt. Adams, into a summer boarding house. Enlarged in 1884 and subsequently, the Ravine House became a key institution in opening up the northern . . . — Map (db m77634) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Stark — 150 — Camp Stark — German Prisoner of War Camp
In the spring of 1944 a high fence and four guard towers transformed a former Civilian Conservation Corps camp on this site into New Hampshire's sole World War II prisoner of war camp. Approximately 250 German and Austrian soldiers, most captured . . . — Map (db m87928) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Stewartstown — 064 — 45th Parallel
As you stand at this point on the 45th parallel you are half way between the Equator and the North Pole. — Map (db m75633)
New Hampshire (Coos County), Stewartstown — 047 — Metallak
Hunter, trapper, fisherman and guide, well and favorably known by the region's early settlers, "The Lone Indian of the Magalloway" was the last survivor of a band of Abnaki inhabiting the Upper Androscoggin. Blinded by accidents, Metallak died a . . . — Map (db m75602) HM
New Hampshire (Coos County), Stratford — 034 — Log Drives
The dramatic process of conveying lumber logs and pulpwood from northern New Hampshire forests to manufacturing centers, by driving them down the Connecticut River, spanned the turn into the Twentieth Century. Hardy crews of "white-water men" . . . — Map (db m75601) HM

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