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Madison County Kentucky Historical Markers

 
Church of Christ, Union and Marker image, Touch for more information
By Christopher Light, June 21, 2008
Church of Christ, Union and Marker
Kentucky (Madison County), Berea — 1787 — Church of Christ, Union
Founded 1853 by the Rev. John G. Fee of Bracken County on the invitation of local citizens and Cassius M. Clay, who projected an antislavery community here. Open in full equality to all races and nonsectarian, the church had a leading part in . . . — Map (db m9726) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Berea — Encampment at Bobtown / Engagment at Bobtown / Advance to Kingston
(1) Encampment at Bobtown August 29, 1862 Gen. Patrick R. Cleburne's division, vanguard of Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith's infantry, left Barbourville on August 23, 1862, the same day that Confederate Col. John Scott defeated Col. Leonidas . . . — Map (db m86059) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Berea — 173 — For Mountain Youth
Berea College, founded 1855 by John G. Fee with the support of Cassius M. Clay in a one-room school built by the community. Its constitution, 1858, made it Christian, non-sectarian, anti-slavery. Compelled to close 1859 by pro-slavery factions, . . . — Map (db m9873) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Berea — 1300 — Richmond-Prelude/ Richmond Battle
(side 1) Richmond-Prelude Confederates in Tennessee under Gen. E. Kirby Smith planned an invasion of the Blue Grass area. Finding Cumberland Gap protected, they entered through Rogers' Gap, heading to Lexington. US Gen. Wm. Nelson . . . — Map (db m86052) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Berea — The Battle of Richmond Knocked at Berea's Door
(front): Civil War troop movements through Berea were common prior to the Aug. 29-30, 1862, Battle of Richmond. Military traffic in and near Berea caused villagers to hear the Civil War "knocking at their east door." At Big Hill on the Old . . . — Map (db m30428) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Bighill — 514 — Civil War Action
Aug. 23, 1862. Col. Scott's La. Cavalry, of Gen. Kirby Smith's invading army from Tenn., routed Col. Metcalfe and Union troops. Approaching Richond as USA army arrived, Scott went back to Camp Wildcat, then joined Smith in Richmond victory, Aug. 30, . . . — Map (db m15686) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Bighill — Confederate Cemetery — Battle of Richmond Tour Station
Until 1972 these graves were marked with only small rough field stones which are still in place along with the newer Veterans Administration markers. Research by Dr. John B. Floyd, Jr., revealed the names of the soldiers buried here. Since it is not . . . — Map (db m30987) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Bighill — 1905 — Merritt Jones/Wayside Tavern / Jones Tavern/CSA Cemetery
(Front): A log tavern down this lane was by 1830s an overnight stop on the Old State Road from Cumberland Gap to Lexington. The older half of building dates back to ca. 1800. During Civil War, Jones Tavern was alternately held by Confederate . . . — Map (db m30986) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Bighill — Site of Starns' Defeat
Side A Shortly after Daniel Boone and his party chopped out a trail to the Kentucky River in 1775, members of the Starns family came to Boonsborough from Southwest Virginia, made land entries and helped build the fort. Frederick Starn, Sr. . . . — Map (db m30628) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — "Defeat and Destruction Seemed Inevitable"
The Confederates wasted little time in exploiting the gap between Manson and Cruft. "The order then reached us to move across to that portion of the field in double-quick," wrote Col. Benjamin J. Hill. The Union artillery opened fire on . . . — Map (db m86282) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — "Good, Common-Sense Soldiering" — A Bold Move
The fight at Kingston began around dawn on August 30, 1862, with skirmishers on both sides trading shots. Upon being notified of the exchange, Union Gen. Mahlon Manson led his men south along the State Road. He deployed his brigade of the Army of . . . — Map (db m86275) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 533 — "Lion of White Hall"
West of here is White Hall, home of Cassius M. Clay (1810-1903). For a half century, Clay was a "firebrand" in American life. Fearless abolitionist, publisher of anti-slavery paper, The True American, captain in the Mexican War, legislator and . . . — Map (db m67793) HM WM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — "Rally, boys! Rally to the Colors!"
After the early morning engagement near Mt. Zion Church both sides regrouped. Manson deployed the Union forces here at Duncannon Road, placing his brigade on the east side of the Old State Road (US 421) and Gen. Cruft's brigade on the west side. . . . — Map (db m86281) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — "The Loud Mouthed Dogs of War Were Unleashed" — The Battle of Richmond Began At An Artiller Duel
The Battle of Richmond began about 5 AM on August 30, 1862, as pickets from Gen. Mahlon Manson's Union brigade and Gen. Patrick Cleburne's Confederate division exchanged shots. With the initial rattle of musketry both side began shaping their lines, . . . — Map (db m86263) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — A Near Fatal Mistake
As the battle unfolded on the morning of August 30, 1862, General Patrick Cleburne began to arrange his artillery. Cleburne placed the 1st Texas just north of the Irvine-Lancaster Pike (present-day Crooksville Road). His plan was to next move . . . — Map (db m86268) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — A Reckless And Useless Charge
Just as the Confederate line began to push Gen. Mahlon Manson's army, Gen. Charles Cruft brought a portion of his brigade, two regiments of infantry and a partial artillery battery, onto the field. The 95th Ohio and 18th Kentucky were in the lead . . . — Map (db m86269) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Barnett Burial Ground
The Cemetery This cemetery hold the remains of some of the Barnett family, who settled this land sometime before 1804, and their servants. While most of these markers are inscribed, there are also at least three unidentified field-stone . . . — Map (db m86272) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Battle of Richmond — Kiosk 2
(Side 1): An Inexperienced Army Gen. Mahlon Manson's brigade had almost no combat experience. The "grizzled veterans" of the brigade were the 18th Kentucky. Detachments of the regiment had fought at the Battle of Cynthiana in July and . . . — Map (db m31384) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Battle of Richmond — Kiosk 1
(Side 1): Nelson Takes Command The day after the battle at Big Hill, August 24, Gen. Horatio Wright, Commander of the Department of the Ohio, ordered Gen. William Nelson not to fight at Richmond unless he was sure of success. "Better fall . . . — Map (db m31459) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Battle of Richmond — Phase One - Kingston
"The rebels had succeeded in out flanking us, and we were now under a terrible cross-fire from three sides...while their batteries still played upon us with their deadly meteors." Lt. Col. James R. S. Cox, 16th Indiana In the early morning . . . — Map (db m31621) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Battle of Richmond Masonic Memorial
Dedicated to the many brothers of the Masonic fraternity, both Union and Confederate, who gallantly fought during the Battle of Richmond, Kentucky August 29 & 30, 1862 Richmond Lodge No. 25 Madison Lodge No. 183 Kingston Lodge No. 315 . . . — Map (db m30985) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Battle of Richmond, Ky. — August 29-30, 1862
(Front): Confederates: 12,000 Infantry, 4,000 Cavalry Federals: 7,000 Infantry Generals Confederate, E. Kirby Smith Federal, William Nelson, M.D. Manson Losses Confederate, 75 killed, 200 wounded Federal, 206 killed, 844 . . . — Map (db m30989) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 1576 — Cassius Marcellus Clay — U.S. Minister to Russia — (1861-62); (1863-69)
Buried in this cemetery is Cassius Marcellus Clay. As a result of his diplomacy in Russia, friendship between the two powers reached its highest peak. This helped prevent intervention of England and France during Civil War and provided an atmosphere . . . — Map (db m30887) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 79 — Christopher (Kit) Carson
Famous hunter, soldier and scout born near here. Carson (1809-1868) grew up in Mo.; began scouting career in Taos, N.M., at age 17. Won renown in piloting Fremont's Western expeditions; served in Mexican War. Appointed Indian agent, 1853, he was . . . — Map (db m67794) HM WM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 1825 — Civil War Field Hospital
(Front): Built in 1852, this building was adjacent to location of the Battle of Richmond, Aug. 29-30, 1862, and became field hospital for Gen. Wm. Nelson's 1st and 2nd brigades, USA. Mortality was high, and about forty Union soldiers were . . . — Map (db m31471) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 1578 — Col. Richard Callaway / First Ferry in Kentucky
(south side) Col. Richard Callaway Born in Caroline County, Virginia, in June 1722, Richard Callaway served in French and Indian wars and as a colonel in Revolutionary War. He was a member of Virginia House of Burgesses and one . . . — Map (db m72632) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 1223 — County Named, 1786 / County Formed
(Side A) For James Madison, Virginia patriot whose political foresight led to the formation of many of our basic democratic principles. He was a member of Virginia's Constitutional Convention and her First Assembly, 1776. He was also . . . — Map (db m30883) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 1443 — Daniel Boone's Trace
Two miles east is location of the trail blazed in 1775 by Daniel Boone, who was then agent for the Transylvania Co. This famous road was used by thousands of settlers traveling to Kentucky. Boone's Trace entered Ky. at Cumberland Gap, crossed the . . . — Map (db m31115) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Daniel Boone's Trail
From North Carolina to Kentucky 1775. Erected by the Kentucky Daughters of the American Revolution 1915. Also near the site of Fort Estill 1779-1782 built by Capt. James Estill — Map (db m31116) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 2276 — Eastern Kentucky Univ.
(Front) Eastern Kentucky State Normal School was created by act of the Ky. legislature on March 21, 1906. First classes were held at the new institution in 1907. The Richmond campus was first used in 1874 by Central University & from 1901 . . . — Map (db m30881) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Fight at Rogersville — August 29, 1862
"On the 29th I made a reconnaissance of the enemy with my whole command." Col. John Scott, 1st Louisiana Cavalry Gen. Mahlon Manson was south of Richmond when he received word that Confederate cavalry was to his south. Manson marched his . . . — Map (db m31510) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 1578 — First Ferry in Kentucky / Col. Richard Callaway
First Ferry in Kentucky License for first ferry established in state, Oct. 1779, was granted to Col. Richard Callaway by the Virginia legislature. The fare for a man or a horse was three shillings (50 cents). The ferry operated until 1931, . . . — Map (db m109634) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 1520 — Fort Boonesborough
Boonesborough, "Capital of the Colony of Transylvania," was setted April, 1775, by Daniel Boone as the first fortified settlement in Kentucky. Near the fort under the "Divine Elm Tree" in May, 1775, Colonel Richard Henderson held the first . . . — Map (db m67789) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Fort Estill
(Front): Established about four miles Southeast of Richmond and east of this place in 1779-1780, by Col. Samuel and Captain James Estill. It was noted for land locators, surveyors, horse hunters, travelers, and scouts. It commanded the . . . — Map (db m30993) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 1872 — Frances E. Beauchamp / Prohibition Advocate — (1857-1923)
Marker Front:Frances E. Beauchamp (1857-1923)This Madison Co. native spearheaded the antiliquor crusade in Ky. and was a leading figure in temperance movement nationwide. A protegee of famed Frances E. Willard, Beauchamp lectured on dry . . . — Map (db m30584) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — General Edmund Kirby Smith
Edmund Kirby Smith commanded the victorious Confederate army at the Battle of Richmond. He served in every theater of the Civil War. Kirby Smith was the last Confederate general to surrender. Graduated from West Point Edmund Kirby Smith . . . — Map (db m86287) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — General Mahlon Manson
Crawfordsville, Indiana Mahlon Dickerson Manson spent his first years near Piqua, Ohio, where he was born in 1820. When Mahlon was twelve his family moved to Indiana. After studying pharmacy Manson opened a drug store in Crawfordsville. He left . . . — Map (db m86286) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — General Thomas Churchill
General Thomas Churchill *** Gen. Thomas James Churchill commanded the brigade of Texas dismounted cavalry that delivered the crushing blow to the Union right. Churchill had come a long way home to lead the assault. *** Thomas James . . . — Map (db m48177) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — General William "Bull" Nelson — Staunch Unionist and Friend of President Abraham Lincoln
Son of an Influential Kentucky Family The Nelson family counted among its friends some of the most important families in Kentucky. William Nelson, born in 1824, near Maysville, Kentucky, grew up in an atmosphere of influence and wealth. . . . — Map (db m86288) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 1846 — Gov. James B. McCleary
This was home of James McCreary, twice gov. of Ky., 1875-79 and 1911-15. He was only governor to serve at both capitols and live as chief executive in both governor's mansions. McCreary served with South in Civil War, then in the state legislature, . . . — Map (db m67798) HM WM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 1685 — Grave of Hancock Taylor
On Taylor's fork of Silver Creek, .7 mi. east, is burial place of Hancock Taylor. This pioneer was at Falls of Ohio in 1769 enroute to New Orleans and surveying in Ky. by 1773. A deputy surveyor under Wm. Preston, he was near mouth of Ky. River when . . . — Map (db m67802) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — James B. McCreary Hall of Justice
James Bennett McCreary On August 31, 1975, James Bennett McCreary, a native of Madison County, was inaugurated governor of Kentucky. While advocating peace and reconciliation, his campaign had traded on his rank of lieutenant colonel in . . . — Map (db m45014) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Kit Carson-Legend of the Old West
Christopher Houston “Kit” Carson Famous old west Figure Was born in Madison County on December 24, 1809 Less than two years later, the Carson family moved to Missouri. After his father, Lindsey Carson, . . . — Map (db m67796) HM WM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Madison County Courthouse 1862
"A Ten Acre Lot Full" In the early evening hours of August 30, 1862, the weary Union soldiers fighting a running battle from Kingston to Richmond were forced to stop. Confederate cavalry had blocked the roads leading out of Richmond - the . . . — Map (db m31630) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Manson's First Line
Gen. Mahlon D. Manson marched south along the Old State Road (US 421) from Richmond seeking the Confederate army. As he topped the hill where Mt. Zion Church stands he began to deploy his army. Using the road as his guide, he deployed his . . . — Map (db m31627) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Manson's Mistake
The standard tactic employed in a Civil War battle was to turn your opponent's flank, that is, to bring your line of infantry into position perpendicular to the enemy's, giving the flanking soldiers an advantage in firepower. Gen. Mahlon Manson, . . . — Map (db m86267) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 2030 — Medal of Honor Winners
(Side A) Pvt. William M. Harris and Pvt. Thomas W. Stivers were born in 1850 in Madison Co., Ky. Pvt. George D. Scott was born 1850 in Garrard Co., Ky. These three individuals joined Capt. Thomas B. Weir's Co. D, 7th U.S. Cavalry. They . . . — Map (db m30890) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — S273 — Michigan Light Artillery Regiment / Batteries F and G
(Obverse Side) Michigan Light Artillery Regiment During the Civil War more than three thousand men served in Michigan's First Regiment of Artillery. The twelve batteries saw action in both major theaters. Unlike in infantry . . . — Map (db m66937) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Mt. Zion Church - Field Hospital
THE SANCTUARY BECAME A SURGERY On the day of the battle, August 30, 1862, the temperature hovered near 100 degrees. As the battle raged, ambulances drawn by sweating horses raced into the churchyard, bringing more and . . . — Map (db m31470) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 1577 — Nathaniel Hart / Home of Capt. Nathaniel Hart
Nathaniel Hart Nathaniel Hart was born in Hanover County, Virgi1na, in 134. A key figure in the purchase of land in Kentucky from Cherokee Indians, he came to Boonesborough in 1775. Killed in 1782 by Indians near this old house, and buried . . . — Map (db m109635) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Patrick Ronayne Cleburne — (March 16, 1828 - November 30, 1864)
The most well-known participant in the Battle of Richmond was General Patrick Cleburne, a charismatic young officer who rose rapidly through the Confederate ranks. In the fall of 1861, less than six months after entering Confederate service, . . . — Map (db m86285) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Pioneer Monument
In Memory of the Pioneers who with energy born of conviction, wrested wealth from the earth and gave an empire to untold generations to come. This memorial is dedicated by one of Kentucky's sons 1775-1906

Pioneer Monument Erected 1906, . . . — Map (db m86284) HM

Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Race to Richmond
The Union Line Breaks The Confederates destroyed the Union line at Duncannon Road. They hit Cruft's brigade with a rolling musket volley, reloaded, jumped the fence and scattered his line. Manson's brigade fared no better. The 71st Indiana . . . — Map (db m31509) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Samuel Freeman Miller — Associate Justice U.S. Supreme Court, 1862-1890
Born in Richmond, Kentucky, April 5, 1816; died in Washington, D.C., October 12, 1890. He graduated with honors at Transylvania College of Medicine, June, 1838. Having located in Barbourville in 1837, he studied law while practicing medicine, being . . . — Map (db m30895) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Saving the Richmond Battlefield
I. Commemoration The Battle of Richmond ended on August 30, 1862. Over the years, monuments and historic markers were erected to commemorate the battle and the battlefield was listed in the National Register of Historic Places. In 1993, . . . — Map (db m86274) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Sharpshooters Check The Union Right
In the early morning hours of August 30, 1862, a handful of Confederate cavalry approached the Union line near Mt. Zion Church, where they were met by a burst of fire from Federal artillery. The Union salvo was answered in kind. An artillery duel . . . — Map (db m86260) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Slavery at Pleasant View Farm
Never a plantation Pleasant View Farm had its beginnings in 1801 when Joseph Barnett bought 578 acres on the Hayes Fork of Silver Creek. By 1824 he had constructed the brick house that stands today. About the same time, Barnett is believed . . . — Map (db m31624) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Texas Memorial
Texas remembers the valor and devotion of its soldiers who participated in the Battle of Richmond, Kentucky - August 29 & 30, 1862. - Here, Confederate Maj. Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith led his newly organized Confederate Army of Kentucky in an . . . — Map (db m48147) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — The Battle Begins — August 30, 1862
The Battle of Richmond began in the early morning hours of August 30, 1862. Near this site Confederate cavalry pushed Union pickets north - toward the main Union line. Confederate Gen. Patrick Cleburne placed his artillery to the southeast, on a . . . — Map (db m31625) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — The Battle of Richmond — August 29-30, 1862
In the summer of 1862 the Confederacy took the offensive Robert E. Lee's army advanced into Maryland. Sterling Price and Earl Van Dorn's armies marched toward Corinth, Mississippi. Braxton Bragg and Kirby Smith moved out of Tennessee and into . . . — Map (db m31622) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — The Battle of Richmond
August 23, 1862 BIG HILL Confederate Col. John Scott's cavalry defeats cavalry commanded by Col. Leonidas Metcalfe near the Cox house on Big Hill. The Confederate victory opens the road to Richmond. August 29, 1862 . . . — Map (db m86279) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — The Confederates Crush The Union Left
On August 30, 1862, the end of the Union line was anchored on the small knoll overlooking the wooded ravine on its left. From there, the line stretched to the right across US 421. It ended just south of Mt. Zion Church, the brick building on the far . . . — Map (db m31626) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — The Fort Boonesborough Monument
Dedicated by Their Descendents to the Sacred Memory of the Brave Pioneers who Entered the Wilderness of what Later became Kentucky and Formed the Settlement known as Boonesborough, First Fortified Settlement in Kentucky. We Honor These, Among the . . . — Map (db m74423) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — The Generals
Union Mahlon Dickerson Manson (1818-1895) An apothecary turned politician, Mahlon Dickerson Manson served as a captain in the Mexican War. He enlisted as a private when the Civil War began but was soon promoted to colonel. Manson fought at . . . — Map (db m86280) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — The Union Trail
The Union Trail interprets Phase I of the Battle of Richmond from the Union perspective. Pleasant View and this property were between the lines - Union troops and artillery were one- half mile north, near Mt. Zion church. Confederate troops and . . . — Map (db m86071) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 77 — Twitty's or Little Fort — Three Quarter Mile West
Site of the first fort in Kentucky. Built March 1775 by Daniel Boone and party. Named for William Twitty killed by Indians and buried by his slave Sam, near the fort. — Map (db m30990) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Union Artillery
"Shells burst with great force about us and their solid shot shrieked close to our heads with fearful accuracy." Sam Thompson, Douglas' Texas Battery The Battle of Richmond began on a hot and hazy August morning. Gen. Mahlon Manson . . . — Map (db m86277) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 1979 — White Oak Pond Church
Original log church built here by 1790 became worship and community center for settlement of Milford, first county seat. Named for early minister J. R. Pond, church joined Tates Creek Baptist Assoc. in 1802. In the Civil War, J. R. Pond's nephew, . . . — Map (db m67799) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Valley View — Valley View Ferry
The Valley View Ferry has been operating since 1785 making it the oldest continuously operating business in Kentucky and perhaps the oldest ferry in America. Valley View Ferry was chartered near the community of Valley View, a thriving river town . . . — Map (db m92819) HM

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