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Washington County Maryland Historical Markers

804 markers matched your search criteria. The first 200 markers are listed. Next 604
 
An Indian Deed Marker image, Touch for more information
By Craig Swain, July 28, 2007
An Indian Deed Marker
Maryland (Washington County), Antietam — An Indian Deed
Israel Friend in 1727 secured a deed from the Indian chiefs of the Five Nations. Beginning “at the mouth of Andietum Creek thence up the Potomack River 200 shoots as fur as an arrow can be slung out of a bow” thence “100 shoots . . . — Map (db m1972) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Antietam — Lock 34, Harpers Ferry
Lock 34 was often referred to as "Goodheart's Lock". Willard Goodheart was the last locktender at this location. Like nearby Lockhouse 33, the lockhouse at Lock 34 was destroyed in the great flood of 1936. Of the 1936 flood, Mr. Goodheart as quoted . . . — Map (db m23872) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — "Old Fort Frederick"
During the American War for Independence Fort Frederick was revitalized for military purposes. The Continental Congress turned the fort into a prison camp to house captured British soldiers. As a result the fort became extremely overcrowded, and . . . — Map (db m96137) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — “...a place of Arms...would be absolutely neccessary”
Throughout the 18th Century, the major colonial powers of France and Great Britain were vying for control of North America. By the 1750's the British extended their settlements westward over the Appalachian Mountains and the French moved south out . . . — Map (db m96135) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — “...to protect, preserve...and provide access thereto for the public.”
During the American War for Independence Fort Frederick was revitalized for military purposes. The Continental Congress turned the fort into a prison camp to house captured British soldiers. As a result the fort became extremely overcrowded, and . . . — Map (db m96138) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — Big Pool JunctionWestern Maryland Rail Trail
The eighteen miles of rails between Hagerstown and Big Pool were the busiest of the Western Maryland Railway. It was here in 1892 that a connection was made with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad across the Potomac River at Cherry Run, West . . . — Map (db m735) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — Fort FrederickMaryland State Park
Colonial stone fort built 1756 for Province of Maryland by Gov. Horatio Sharpe to protect frontier against French and Indians after Braddock’s defeat. Detention camp for British prisoners 1776–83. Occupied 1861–2 by Union troops. George . . . — Map (db m681) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — Fort FrederickA Witness to War
Built by the Maryland colony in 1756 during the French and Indian War, Fort Frederick’s stone walls surrounded three large buildings. The colonists abandoned the frontier fort in 1759, when the threat of Indian raids subsided. During the . . . — Map (db m821) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — Fort Frederick
. . . — Map (db m103762) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — Fort Frederick Officers’ Quarters
A Ghost in the Ground. Before you is the foundation of “The Governor’s House,” the building that served as the officers’ quarters, ceremonial hall and storeroom for Fort Frederick. What did that building look like? We know the size . . . — Map (db m823) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — Four Locks
Here the Potomac River makes a meandering four-mile loop around Prather’s Neck. To avoid the bend in the river, the canal engineers cut the canal one-half mile across the neck. Because of the rapid elevation change, these four locks were necessary . . . — Map (db m15285) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — Gettysburg CampaignInvasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through . . . — Map (db m32675) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — Mule Power
“Here at Four Locks mule barn, mules rested during the winter months. Boat captains left their mules here, paying a mule tended to care for them. Often the mules grew thin because the keeper did not feed the mules as well as their owners did. . . . — Map (db m15278) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — Nathan WilliamsA Prosperous Farm
Nathan Williams was the son of Samuel “Big Sam” Williams, a slave who in 1826 bought freedom for himself, his wife, and his four children. In 1839, the elder Williams purchased a farm near Four Locks, about 3.5 miles east of Fort . . . — Map (db m5571) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — The National RoadThe Road that Built the Nation
“. . . so many happy people, restless in the midst of abundance.” —Alexis de Tocqueville, 1840. Americans are an adventurous people. From past to present, they have used feet, horses, wagons, stagecoaches, canals, . . . — Map (db m820) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — The National RoadThe Road that Built the Nation
“. . . so many happy people, restless in the midst of abundance.” —Alexis de Tocqueville, 1840. Americans are an adventurous people. From past to present, they have used feet, horses, wagons, stagecoaches, canals, . . . — Map (db m32677) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — Three Eras of Transportation Side by SideWestern Maryland Rail Trail
Facing west, the C&O Canal is visible at the lower left. The coming of the railroad helped to end the usefulness of canals. To the right is the Interstate 70 bridge over the creek. The building of modern roads played a part in making the Western . . . — Map (db m96153) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — Veterans Memorial
A memorial to those who went and never returned to honor those who served and kept us safe our service men and women of the Big Pool, District 15 area — Map (db m139131) WM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Spring — Four Locks
Four Locks – locks 47 through 50 – were built between 1836 and 1838, all within a half-mile stretch of the canal. Nestled amongst these four locks, a close-knit community thrived while the canal was in operation. Businesses prospered, . . . — Map (db m36716) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Spring — Lancelot Jacques
A French Hugenot who in partnership with Thomas Johnson in 1768 built "Green Spring Furnace." He and Johnson dissolved partnership in 1776 when Johnson became first governor of Maryland. Jacques' house built about 1766. — Map (db m47120) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonesboro — The Maryland Campaign of 1862
On September 4, 1862, General Robert E. Lee, hoping to shorten the war by winning a decisive victory on Northern soil, crossed the Potomac River into Maryland. Lee planned to draw the Army of the Potomac through South Mountain into Pennsylvania and . . . — Map (db m2041) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — “Crampton’s Gap” “Maryland Heights” and “Pleasant Valley”
Important points during the first invasion of Maryland by the Army of the Confederacy in 1862. — Map (db m1879) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — 1732Milestones in the Life of Washington
1732: Born, Westmoreland Co. VA. — Map (db m145971) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — 1749 / 1753-58[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
1749: Surveyor of Culpepper Co., Va. 1753-58: Officer in French and Indian War — Map (db m145972) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — 1759 / 1758-74[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
1759: Marries Martha Custis. 1758-74: Member, VA. House of Burgesses. — Map (db m145973) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — 1774 / 1775[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
1774: VA. Delegate to 1st Continental Congress 1775: Appointed Commander-in-Chief — Map (db m145974) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — 1776 / 1777[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
1776: Loses N.Y. to British Declaration signed 1777: British occupy Philadelphia Winter at Valley Forge — Map (db m145977) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — 1781 / 1783[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
1781: British surrender at Yorktown. 1783: British recognize American Independence. — Map (db m145978) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — 1789[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
1789: Federal Constitution ratified; Washington becomes President — Map (db m145979) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — 1797 / 1799[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
1797: Leaves presidency 1799: Dies at Mt. Vernon — Map (db m145981) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Battle of BoonsboroBuying Time — Gettysburg Campaign —
Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart faced a difficult assignment: to locate the Union cavalry and prevent it from severing Gen. Robert E. Lee’s avenue of retreat to Williamsport and the Potomac River after the Battle of Gettysburg. The result was the . . . — Map (db m1630) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — BoonsboroLee's Headquarters — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
After Gen. Robert E. Lee issued Special Order 191 near Frederick dividing the Army of Northern Virginia into four columns, Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s command marched across South Mountain on September 10, 1862. His column . . . — Map (db m122154) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Cannon of Revolutionary War
(War of American Independence) 1775–1783 forged Mount Aetna, Maryland Dedicated July 4, 1906 Rededicated July 5, 1992 Charles F. Kauffman, Jr. Mayor, Town of Boonsboro Robert J. Shifler, Assistant Mayor • Kevin M. Chambers, Councilman • . . . — Map (db m2005) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Deaths of Two Generals“Hallo, Sam, I’m dead!” — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
The fight for Fox’s Gap on September 14, 1862, claimed the lives of two generals, one from each side. Confederate Gen. Samuel Garland, a Lynchburg, Virginia native, attended the Virginia Military Institute at Lexington and later obtained his law . . . — Map (db m455) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Gettysburg CampaignInvasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through . . . — Map (db m1913) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Gettysburg CampaignThe Battle of Boonsboro
Two U.S. Cavalry divisions repulsed five rebel cavalry brigades in a day-long fight north of Boonsboro on July 8, 1863. The South Mountain passes remained open to the Federal Army in pursuit of the Confederates retreating from Gettyburg via . . . — Map (db m7008) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Gravesite of William Boone
Gravesites of William Boone, d. 1798 and his wife Susanna Parks Boone, b. 1755 - d. 1844 William and his brother, George, founded Boone's Berry, now known as Boonsboro, in 1792 The graves are located near the original Boone . . . — Map (db m107565) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Korean War Memorial
With honor for those who served in Korea — Map (db m145986) WM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Maj. Gen. Jesse L. Reno
(front) 9th Army Corps. September 14, 1862. Reno. (west side) This monument marks the spot where Major Gen. Jesse Lee Reno, commanding 9th Army Corps U.S. Vol’s, was killed in battle Sept. 14, 1862. (south . . . — Map (db m389) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Near Here in Wise’s Field
Near here in Wise's field on the morning of Sept. 14, 1862, Brigadier General Samuel Garland, Jr. C.S.A. of Lynchburg, Virginia fell mortally wounded while leading his men. — Map (db m429) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — North Carolina
(Front Side): In Memory of the North Carolinians who fought at or near here September 14, 1862. The 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 20th, 23rd, 30th Infantry and Manly's and Reilly's Battery, 1st NC Artillery. General . . . — Map (db m4325) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Roxbury Mills Bridge
This bridge was built in 1824, in close proximity to Roxbury Mills, an early sawmill and later a large distillery complex which operated into the 20th century. A three-arch bridge over the Antietam, it was one of a series of bridges built for the . . . — Map (db m5036) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — St. Mark's Episcopal ChurchRefuge for the "sick and wounded"
St. Mark's Episcopal Church is located just six miles north of Sharpsburg, site of the Battle of Antietam on September 17, 1862, the bloodiest one-day battle in American history. With approximately 23,000 Americans on both sides killed, wounded, or . . . — Map (db m103404) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Stonewall Jackson's Way
Under Special Order 191, Maj. Gen Thomas J. Jackson led Confederate troops from Frederick to capture Harper's Ferry. On Sept. 11, 1862, Jackson's Second Corps moved by this road from its encampment near Boonsborough to cross the Potomac at . . . — Map (db m3912) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — S580C — Stonewall Regiment
More than 90,000 Michigan men served in the Union Army and Navy during the Civil War. The 17th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment was mustered at the Detroit Barracks in August 1862 under the command of Colonel William H. Withington. The regiment . . . — Map (db m398) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — The Battle for Fox’s Gap“Hell is empty and all the devils are here.” — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
As Confederate Gen. D.H. Hill’s division struggled to hold the gaps of South Mountain on September 14, 1862, the fighting here at Fox’s Gap raged throughout the day. About 9 a.m., Gen. Jesse L. Reno’s corps attacked Confederate Gen. Samuel Garland’s . . . — Map (db m454) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — The Battle of Antietam or Sharpsburg
The bloodiest conflict of the War Between the States occurred September 17, 1862, a few miles from this point (Turn ← in the center of Boonsboro). — Map (db m456) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — The Boys from Boonsboro DistrictWorld War: 1914 - 1918
[Street side]: [Emblem of the Junior Order of United American Mechanics] Erected in honor of the boys from Boonsboro District by South Mountain Council No. 88, Jr. O.U.A.M. and Citizens of the community. July 4th, 1919. . . . — Map (db m16491) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — The Dahlgren Chapel
This chapel was built around 1881 by Madeline Vinton Dahlgren, widow of Admiral John A. Dahlgren, USN, inventor of the Dahlgren gun, the armament used by the USS Monitor against the CSS Virginia, formerly the steam frigate USS Merrimack. — Map (db m1297) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — The Lost Orders
No other document of the Civil War has generated so much controversy as Lee's Special Orders No. 191. These “Lost Orders” detailed the movements of Lee's army for the operation against Harpers Ferry. On September 9 Lee sent copies of the . . . — Map (db m2042) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — The National RoadThe Road that Built the Nation
“. . . so many happy people, restless in the midst of abundance.” —Alexis de Tocqueville, 1840. Americans are an adventurous people. From past to present, they have used feet, horses, wagons, stagecoaches, canals, . . . — Map (db m1911) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Town of BoonsboroMaryland uses Macadam to Complete the National Road — The Historic National Road - The Road That Built The Nation —
The National Road from Baltimore to Cumberland was comprised of a series of privately funded turnpikes. By 1822, the road was complete except for the ten miles between Boonsboro and Hagerstown. In August of the year, under pressure from the state . . . — Map (db m1162) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Vietnam Memorial
With honor for those who served in Vietnam — Map (db m145983) WM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Washington MonumentSignal Station — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
During the Antietam Campaign, the U.S. Signal Corps used the stone structure in front of you and to your left as a signal station. On July 4, 1827, citizens of the town of Boonsboro paraded to the top of the mountain here and began building this . . . — Map (db m1161) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — World Wars I & II Memorial
Dedicated to the Men & Women of Boonsboro & Vicinity Who Served in World Wars I & II — Map (db m145984) WM
Maryland (Washington County), Brownsville — Battle of Maryland HeightsMaryland's First Civil War Battle — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
(Preface): After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's smashing victory over Union Gen. John Pope at the Second Battle of Manassas, Lee decided to invade the North to reap the fall harvest, gain Confederate recruits, earn foreign recognition, and . . . — Map (db m144916) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Brownsville — Brownsville-Burkittsville Pass
Marching from Middletown to seize Maryland Heights, McLaws’ and Anderson’s Confederate Divisions crossed South Mountain by this road September 11, 1862. On September 14th Manly’s N.C. Battery and elements of Semmes’ Brigade defended the pass and . . . — Map (db m144952) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Brownsville — St. Luke’s Episcopal ChurchBrownsville, Maryland — Founded 1837 —
During the civil war, St. Luke’s served as headquarters for General Lafayette McLaws, whose troops from the Army of Northern Virginia were bivouacked around Brownsville, September 11, 1862. It served as a hospital for his wounded following the . . . — Map (db m144951) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Cascade — War Returns to South MountainBattle of Monterey Pass — Gettysburg Campaign —
(Preface):After a stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia through Maryland into Pennsylvania, marching next to threaten Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington, D.C. . . . — Map (db m31048) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Cearfoss — Crossing the Mason and DixonPennsylvania, at Last! — Gettysburg Campaign —
Four thousands of Confederates in Gen. Robert E. Lee's invasion of the North in 1863, the rate of march exceeded thirty miles a day. Since this part of Maryland is so narrow, splashing across the Potomac River in the morning and crossing the Mason . . . — Map (db m11608) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Cearfoss — Gettysburg CampaignInvasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through . . . — Map (db m11609) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Cearfoss — Mason and Dixon Line105th Mile Stone
500 feet beyond this point, on private property, this stone is located. It bears the coat of arms of Lord Baltimore and William Penn. the 104th mile stone and the 103rd mile stone bear the letters M and P Maryland-Pennsylvania and are located along . . . — Map (db m11610) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — “The Bank Road”(The Cumberland Turnpike Road)
The portion of this highway from the west end of the Conococheague bridge to Cumberland (40 miles) was built between 1816 and 1821. The banks of Maryland financed it by purchase of the stock. — Map (db m699) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — A Road Nurtures A VisionThe Historic National Road and Clear Spring — The Historic National Road - The Road That Built The Nation —
“The citizens at all times aim to be surpassed by no other town in the County.” –Martin Lehr, Clear Spring historian, 1890’s. In 1821, Martin Myers chose a site that straddled a “clear spring” at the foot . . . — Map (db m694) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — Capt. Samuel G. Prather
(North face): In memory of Capt. Samuel G. Prather. Who raised and commanded the 2nd Co. of the Potomac Home Brigade Maryland (Vols.) in Great Rebellion of 1861 against the only Free Government on the earth and died at his post of duty . . . — Map (db m25140) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — Clear Spring
The spring from which the Town of Clear Spring acquired its name. — Map (db m693) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — Clear Spring Veterans Memorial
This memorial is dedicated to all those who have served honorably in the armed forces of the United States of America. The citizens of Clear Spring, Maryland area thank you and your families for your service and sacrifice. — Map (db m67350) WM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — Dam No. 5
From December 17 to 20, 1861, Gen. "Stonewall" Jackson attempted to halt traffic on the canal by diverting the river around the Virginia abutment of Dam No. 5. Damage was slight and repairs were effected within two days. — Map (db m122840) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — Fort FrederickMaryland State Park
Colonial stone fort built 1756 for Province of Maryland by Gov. Horatio Sharpe to protect frontier against French and Indians after Braddock’s defeat. Detention camp for British prisoners 1776–83. Occupied 1861–2 by Union troops. George . . . — Map (db m680) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — Fort Mills
One of the four stockade forts erected in 1756 along the North Mount Road as supports for Fort Frederick in preventing the Indians from descending upon the inhabitants living in the Cumberland Valley. — Map (db m5930) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — Gen. J. E. B. Stuart’s
Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry on his raid around the Federal army, Oct. 19, 1862, crossed the National Road here after crossing the Potomac River at McCoy’s Ferry three miles south of this point. — Map (db m682) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — Gettysburg CampaignInvasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through . . . — Map (db m695) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — Gettysburg CampaignInvasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through . . . — Map (db m60555) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — McCoy's Ferry
On May 23, 1861 Confederates attempting to capture the ferry boat at McCoy's Landing were driven off by the Clear Spring Guard. Here on October 10, 1862, Gen. J.E.B. Stuart crossed the Potomac on his second ride around McClellan's army. — Map (db m3914) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — Miller's Tavern & Spickler's Buggy FactorySurreys, Stagecoaches and Tin Lizzies
The Miller Hotel was one of the most popular destinations along the National Road in Washington County. Traveler T.B. Seabright recalled in 1894 “There were large rooms adapted to dancing purposes, and young men and maidens of the vicinity . . . — Map (db m60556) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — Protecting Cultural Resources
Floods occur at regular intervals in the Potomac Valley. Between 1829 and 1998 there have been 144 recorded floods or high water occurrences. repairing flood damage was a continuing battle for the C&O Canal Company and is still a problem for the . . . — Map (db m25142) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — Stonewall Jackson at Dam 5
At the outbreak of the Civil War, Maryland became a border between the Confederacy and the Union. The Confederacy knew that the canal and railroad were important Union supply lines. Stonewall Jackson’s Brigade made several attempts to destroy Dam 5 . . . — Map (db m23561) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — The Federal Signal Station
The Federal Signal Station near this point was captured Oct. 10, 1862 by a detachment of Gen. J. E. B. Stuart's Cavalry. On clear days this station could communicate with stations on South Mountain which relayed messages via Catoctin Mt. to Sugar . . . — Map (db m149432) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — Vital CrossroadsClear Springs in the Civil War
This was a lively Unionist community on the important National Road during the war. In nearby Four Locks on January 31, 1861, local residents raised a 113-foot-high “Union Pole” with a streamer proclaiming the “Union . . . — Map (db m60553) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — Wilson’s StoreStore of Three Wonders
"You wonder if we have it. We wonder where it is. You wonder how we found it!” That is how Janice Keefer remembered her father’s store during the 42 years that Dorsey Martin conducted business here. Originally opened by Rufus Wilson in 1850, . . . — Map (db m4932) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Conococheague — Gettysburg CampaignInvasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through . . . — Map (db m5925) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Ernstville — Ernstville Road BridgeWestern Maryland Rail Trail
The Ernstville Road Bridge was constructed in 1930 to carry motor vehicles on Ernstville Road safely over the Western Maryland Railway. From 1904 until the construction of the bridge, vehicles traveling on the road between Ernstville and Big Pool . . . — Map (db m148827) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Fairplay — Jones’s CrossroadsForts Facing Forts
For the first time since the Battle of Gettysburg, most of the Union army faced Gen. Robert E. Lee on July 12, 1863. The Federals were firmly entrenched on a ridge parallel to the Sharpsburg-Hagerstown Turnpike a quarter mile west. Less than a mile . . . — Map (db m1990) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Fort Ritchie — D-Day Anniversary
On this day, June 6, in the year 1944 allied forces invaded Normandy - the most massive invasion attempt in history. By nightfall, they had liberated 80 miles of French soil and a toehold for the consequential drive into Germany was established. . . . — Map (db m103019) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Fort Ritchie — Military Intelligence Training Center
In the early days of World War II, Camp Ritchie, then a National Guard training camp, was taken over by the federal government. A Military Intelligence Training Center was established to train intelligence units. A tight wall of security was drawn . . . — Map (db m103022) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Fort Ritchie — Robert F. Barrick Memorial Library
Robert Frederick Barrick entered the military service in 1909 as a private in the Maryland National Guard in Frederick, Maryland. He was commissioned in 1917. In 1926, he was given the task of building a Maryland National Guard training camp on a . . . — Map (db m103021) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Fort Ritchie — The Ice Lakes
Until the mid-1920s, the Buena Vista Ice Company of Germantown (now Cascade), Maryland, was located on this site for the harvesting of natural ice used to preserve produce and dairy products during shipment. It was one of the southernmost operations . . . — Map (db m103023) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Fort Ritchie — WW II Veterans Memorial
This monument and a memorial woods are set aside to forever preserve the memory of the 7900 Washington County World War II veterans, 228 of whom gave their lives for the good of their country. Dedicated this 11th day of November, 2004. Historical . . . — Map (db m103020) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Funkstown — Baltimore StreetFunkstown’s Link to the Chesapeake
When the National Road was completed through Funkstown in 1823, a rush of “stagecoaches and wagon teams, droves of cattle, teamsters and travelers” flooded through the town. Although Baltimore was seventy miles to the east, the Funkstown . . . — Map (db m2007) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Funkstown — Battle of FunkstownJuly 10, 1863
After Gettysburg, in order to mask entrenching operations along the Potomac river by General R. E. Lee, Confederate troops, led by General J.E.B. Stuart, engaged Union forces under General John Buford. The day-long battle east of the road resulted . . . — Map (db m388) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Funkstown — Battle of FunkstownAt Bay another Day — Gettysburg Campaign —
The Confederate presence at Funkstown threatened any Union advance against Gen. Robert E. Lee’s position near Williamsport and the Potomac River as he retreated to Virginia after the Battle of Gettysburg. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry, posted at . . . — Map (db m1158) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Funkstown — Building the Funkstown Bridge
“The turnpike bridge at Funkstown is the only one...which seems to belong to a town” —Helen Ashe Hays, The Antietam and its Bridges This bridge, finished in 1823, is perhaps the oldest one over Antietam Creek. . . . — Map (db m2010) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Funkstown — Civil War Hospital SiteAngela Kirkham Davis House
Civil War Hospital Site Angela Kirkham Davis House Was used as a hospital during The Maryland Campaign 1862 Private Property courtesy of S.H.A.F. — Map (db m2008) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Funkstown — Claggett’s Millrace Bridge
Although it vaults only a millrace deflected from Antietam Creek proper, this small but well-designed one-arch bridge is typical of many others that have not survived at mill sites in the county. It is not certain that John Weaver built this 53' . . . — Map (db m5669) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Funkstown — Claggett's Mill Bridge
This three-arch bridge over Antietam Creek was completed by John Weaver in 1840 for $2,800. It was near the mill operated for generations by the Claggett family. The house, barn, and outbuildings of the Claggett estate, "Valentia," stand nearby. . . . — Map (db m5031) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Funkstown — Funkstown Bridge No. 2
This bridge over Antietam Creek at Funkstown was built in 1833 by George Weaver for $1,800. At this site was Shafer’s Mill where flour was ground. The most notable feature of this bridge is the graduated size of its three arches, growing larger from . . . — Map (db m2009) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Funkstown — Keller Home
Used to treat Confederate officer H.D. McDaniel 11th GA. Regt. during the battle of Funkstown July 10, 1863, who suffered a severe wound and was brought to this house. He survived to later become governor of Georgia. — Map (db m2006) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Funkstown — M3A1 Light Tank"Stuart"
Crew: 4 men - commander, loader, gunner, driver Weight: 28,500 lbs. Max Speed: 36 mph Cruising Range: 70 miles (road) 135 miles (with drop tanks) Weapons System: M6 37mm main gun M1919A4 .30 caliber flexible on turret M1919A4 .30 caliber . . . — Map (db m25453) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Funkstown — Rose's Mill Bridge
This handsome three-arch bridge over Antietam Creek was constructed by John Weaver in 1839 and was specially adapted to the grain mill which was built at the same time. The westernmost of the three arches was designed to accommodate the millrace . . . — Map (db m4930) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Funkstown — This Plot is Dedicated to Public Use
By the citizens of the Funkstown District in grateful appreciation of the services of those of her citizens who were engaged with the military, navy and marine forces of the United States in the World War. 1914-1918 E. Blanche Hoffmaster, Army . . . — Map (db m6539) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Funkstown — Veterans Memorial
In honor of all who served their country in time of need World War I April 6, 1917 to November 11, 1918 World War II December 7, 1941 to December 31, 1946 Korean War June 25, 1950 to January 31, . . . — Map (db m139133) WM
Maryland (Washington County), Gapland — “Crampton Gap”
An important part of the Battle of South Mountain was fought here September 14-15, 1862, when the Federal forces pressed back the Confederate troops into Pleasant Valley and to Sharpsburg. — Map (db m144954) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Gapland — Confederate Retreat
Driven from Crampton’s Gap on Sept. 14, 1862, by Gen. Franklin’s Sixth Corps, elements of McLaws’ Confederates formed across Pleasant Valley to bar Union advance on Maryland Heights and Harper’s Ferry. Later these Confederates joined Lee about . . . — Map (db m2065) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 102 South Prospect Street
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m146067) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 112 South Prospect Street
This property has been placed on the National Registe of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m146068) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 113 South Prospect Street
This property has been placed on the National Registe of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m146069) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 120 South Prospect Street
This property has been placed on the National Registe of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m146070) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 125 South Prospect Street
This property has been placed on the National Registe of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m146071) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 165 South Prospect Street
This property has been placed on the National Registe of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m146074) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 169 South Prospect St.South Prospect Street Historic District
169 South Prospect St. is listed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior C. 1870 — Map (db m146075) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 175 South Prospect Street
This property has been placed on the National Registe of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m146076) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 1770-1790Revolutionary and Early Federal Era
1774 On July 2, 800 citizens meet in Elizabeth Town and pledge to boycott British goods, especially tea. This is done to support the citizens of Boston because their port had been closed by Parliament. 1775 In August, a colonial . . . — Map (db m146011) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 1790-1810The New Nation
1791 The town's first fire company (United) is formed. Residents are required to own a leather bucket for fire fighting. 1791 On December 27, Elizabeth Town is incorporated by the Maryland General Assembly. The legislature . . . — Map (db m146006) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 1810-1830The Late Federal Era
1814 On January 26, the Maryland General Assembly officially changes the town's name from 'Elizabeth Town' to 'Hager's Town' and re-incorporates Elizabeth Town under this new name. 1814 The "Hagerstown Blues" cavalry fights at . . . — Map (db m146004) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 1830-1850Western Expansion and Era of Reform
1838 Hagerstown appoints Richard Sheaby and Allen Barber as police constables. Two additional posts are filled in 1842. 1841 The Franklin Railroad begins service between Hagerstown and Harrisburg. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad . . . — Map (db m146001) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 1850-1870The American Civil War Era
1853 The Hagerstown Female Seminary is constructed on Cannon Hill. Later, the name of this school is changed to Kee Mar College. In 1912, the college is converted for use as the Washington County Hospital. 1854 The Washington . . . — Map (db m145997) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 1870-1890The Gilded Age
1871 The second county courthouse burns on December 6th. In 1872, construction begins on a third courthouse to replace it. 1880 M. P. Moller moves his organ factory from Greencastle, Pennsylvania to Hagerstown. The company . . . — Map (db m145996) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 1890-1910The Progressive Era
1896 The Hagerstown Railway trolley system begins operation. Service is expanded in 1904 to Frederick and into Pennsylvania, becoming the first inter-urban rural rail system in the country. The last car runs in 1947. 1898 America . . . — Map (db m145993) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 1910-1930The Great War and Roaring 20's
1912 Thomas Pangborn moves his sand-blast manufacturing business to Hagerstown. 1915 The Maryland Theatre is constructed. The Hagerstown Municipal Band plays its first concert that July in this theater. 1915 The . . . — Map (db m146065) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 1930-1950The Great Depression and World War II
1930 Municipal Stadium is constructed and the first home game is played by Hagerstown Hubs on May 8. Willie Mays plays his first professional baseball game here in 1950. 1931 Fairchild Aircraft moves to Hagerstown from New York and . . . — Map (db m146064) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 1950-1970Post-War Growth and Civil Rights Movement
1952 Hagerstown establishes a "sister city" relationship with Wesel, Germany. 1956 South Hagerstown High School opens and begins serving all area children, desegregating the school system. North Hagerstown High School opens on . . . — Map (db m146063) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 1970-1990Era of Socio-Economic Transition
1970 Hagerstown's first network-affiliated television station, WHAG, begins broadcasting on January 3. It was affiliated with the National Broadcasting Company (NBC). 1971 In June, a regional history magazine begins publishing . . . — Map (db m146062) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 1990-2010The Information Age
1991 Robinwood Medical Center opens for business. It is enlarged in 1996 and 2001. 1997 Fiber optic telecommunications arrive in downtown Hagerstown. 1997-99 The city obtains the former Washington County Fairgrounds, . . . — Map (db m146042) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 202 South Prospect Street
202 South Prospect Street has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior c. 1874 — Map (db m146077) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 468 North Potomac Street
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m146082) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 474 North Potomac Street
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m146083) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — A City Divided
The Hagerstown Mail offices were located on the second floor of this building during the Civil War. Due to the newspaper's pro-Southern columns, the Mail's editor and co-owner, Daniel Dechert, was arrested in 1862 and sent to Old Capitol Prison in . . . — Map (db m20792) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — A City Divided
The Lyceum, a public debating hall constructed circa 1848, stood on this site during the Civil War. Heated debates took place here prior to the Civil War on the state of the Union. Following the Battles of Antietam and Gettysburg, the Lyceum was . . . — Map (db m20847) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Ammon H. Kreider & Lewis E. Reisner
The fathers of the Hagerstown aircraft industry, Lewis Reisner and Ammon Kreider formed the Kreider Reisner Aircraft Company in 1923. They developed highly regarded models of civilian use aircraft. In 1929, they sold the company to the Fairchild . . . — Map (db m107148) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Ann Carroll Fitzhugh Smith1805 - 1875 — Civil Rights Figure —
Born in Hagerstown, Ann Carroll Fitzhugh moved to New York State with her family at age twelve. She married wealthy abolitionist and philanthropist Gerrit Smith in 1822. Together, they were pioneers in the abolition and womens' rights movements, . . . — Map (db m146015) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Anna Spencer Brugh Singer1878-1962 — Artistic And Business Figure —
Anna Spencer Brugh Singer was born in Hagerstown and married William H. Singer, Jr. in 1895. Together they pursued an artistic life; he as an artist, she as an art collector and musician. They traveled the United States and Europe, befriended many . . . — Map (db m107264) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Antietam Battlefield
12 miles to Antietam National Battlefield Site, where on Sept. 17, 1862, about 41,000 Confederates under the command of General Robert E. Lee were pitted against 87,000 Federals under General George B. McClellan. — Map (db m1965) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Baltimore & Ohio Railroad
Hagerstown was bypassed in the great race westward between the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. The City was left without a rail connection to the south or west. The “Washington County Railroad” was . . . — Map (db m129270) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Band Shell
The original band shell was built in City Park around 1915. It was since dismantled and re-erected in Hagerstown’s Wheaton Park. This structure was built in 1940. It is dedicated to Dr. Peter Buys, the Hagerstown Municipal Band’s conductor from . . . — Map (db m132316) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Before 1770Colonial America
Ca. 8000 BC First Native Americans enter the Cumberland Valley area as roving hunters. Ca. 1000 BC Permanent villages are established by Native Americans. the primary tribes include Susquehanna and Algonquian. Ca. 1735 . . . — Map (db m146012) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Bench Mark "A"
"In October 1877, Bench Mark "A" was cut on the water table of the recently rebuilt courthouse in Hagerstown, Maryland", reads the report of the coast and geodetic survey to President McKinley. This was the beginning point of a . . . — Map (db m6529) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Bloom Park
Bloom Park was one of the very first monuments erected in the United States to honor the veterans of the Spanish-American War (1898-99). It was dedicated on July 4, 1900. The keynote speaker at the ceremony was Henry Kyd Douglas a former Adjutant . . . — Map (db m107396) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Christian Newcomer Home
Christian Newcomer, 1749-1830, was one of the founders of the Church of the United Brethren in Christ, the first American-born denomination. He moved to Washington County in 1775 and in his journal described crossing the Allegany Mountains 38 times . . . — Map (db m129125) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — City Park
In the early 19th Century, this area was owned by the Heyser family and was known as “Heyser's Woods”. The mansion house was constructed by John H. Heyser between 1843 and 1846. “Heyser's Woods” became a popular local picnic . . . — Map (db m131934) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Clara Holmes Jenness Hamilton1837 - 1919 — Business and Industry Figure —
A native of New Hampshire, Mrs. Hamilton served as First Lady of Maryland during her husband's term as Governor from 1880 to 1884. In concert with her daughter Julia Briscoe, she began developing the Hamilton family summer estate "Oak Hill" into a . . . — Map (db m146013) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Corporal William Othello Wilson
United States Army Medal of Honor Recipient and Buffalo Soldier William Othello Wilson, a native of Hagerstown, Maryland, enlisted in the U.S. Army on August 21, 1889, at age 22 in St. Paul, Minnesota. He was subsequently assigned to the . . . — Map (db m5755) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Crossroads of HistoryRoute 40 & 11 Cross At This Point
In the court house that stood on this site Confederate Gen. John McCausland was given $20,000 in cash and all of the suits, hats, shoes, boots, shirts and socks that could be found as ransom upon his threat to burn Hagerstown in July of 1864. . . . — Map (db m1934) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Edward Mayberry Mobley1825-1906 — Military Figure —
In 1862 Mobley organized volunteers from Hagerstown to serve in the Civil War, forming Co. A, 7th Maryland Infantry (US). He served as its captain. He was promoted to major in January, 1864 and commanded the regiment in numerous battles. on August . . . — Map (db m107262) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Elliott-Bester House
Boyhood home of Commodore Jesse D. Elliott, USN, (1872-1845) of Battle of Lake Erie fame during War of 1812. This National Register property preserved in memory of Mrs. Mary B.K. Bowman. — Map (db m46719) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Fighting House to House, Yard to Yard
“Several others who were hidden in houses escaped by donning citizen’s clothing, and Private Anitpas H. Curtis (Company D), while so dressed, had the distinction of saluting General Lee in person.” George G. Benedict in “Vermont in . . . — Map (db m139863) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — First Battle of HagerstownVicious Fighting in the Streets — Gettysburg Campaign —
Combat raged here in the town square and in adjoining city blocks for six hours on Monday, July 6, 1863. Holding Hagerstown was crucial to Gen. Robert E. Lee's retreat to Virginia after the Battle of Gettysburg. If the Confederates lost this . . . — Map (db m6533) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — First Hose Company
The First Hagerstown Hose Company dates to 1815. Its hand pumper was originally housed in a shed located on the north side of St. John's Lutheran Church, one block to your left. In 1881, the First Hose Company purchased this site and in July, . . . — Map (db m129351) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Florence Wall MacMichael Myers McCoy1919 - 1999 — Artistic Figure —
Performing under her maiden name "Florence MacMichael", Florence Myers (later McCoy) logged a three-decade career as a character actor on stage, screen and television. Known mostly for her work on television, she appeared in many of the dramas and . . . — Map (db m146041) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — For God and CountryMay They Rest In Peace

In loving memory of those who gave their lives in the World Wars 1917-1918 [list of names] 1941-1945 [list of names] In loving memory of those who gave their lives in the Korean Conflict 1950-1953 [list of names] Rededicated . . . — Map (db m6528) WM

Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Gen. Robert E. Lee
Gen. Robert E. Lee with Longstreet’s Corps entered Hagerstown Sept. 11, 1862 to make it a base for operations in Pennsylvania. On Sept. 14, 1862 this force hastened to the battle of South Mountain and then to the battlefield of Antietam. — Map (db m1156) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Gettysburg CampaignInvasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through . . . — Map (db m6531) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Great Indian Warrior/Trading Path
The most heavily traveled road in Colonial America passed through here, linking areas from the Great Lakes to Augusta, GA. Laid on ancient animal and Native American Trading/Warrior Paths. Indian treaties among the Governors of NY, PA, & VA and the . . . — Map (db m797) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Hager House and Museum
When German immigrant and founder of Hagerstown, Jonathan Hager, arrived in this country in 1736, western Maryland area was frontier. Maryland’s colonial governor was offering cheap land to those willing to settle here. In 1739, Hager obtained . . . — Map (db m1160) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Hager MillHeart of the Civil War Heritage Area
Hager Mill was constructed in 1790 by Daniel Stull and Colonel Nathaniel Rochester and the nearby miller's house has a date stone inscribed 1791. Prior to the Civil War, it was owned by the Hager Family. During the war, Andrew Hager operated this . . . — Map (db m106780) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Hager’s Fancy(Circa 1740)
Third dwelling was built by Jonathan Hager, founder of Hagerstown Maryland, 1762; Captain of Scouts, French and Indian War, 1755–1763; member of the Non-Importation Association and of the Committees of Safety and of Observation, 1775; member . . . — Map (db m1159) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Hagerstonians In The Civil WarBrevet Brigadier General George Bell, USA 1828 - 1907
George Bell was the son of William Duffield Bell, developer of South Prospect Street and editor of the Hagerstown Torchlight newspaper. He grew up in this neighborhood. An 1853 graduate of West Point, Bell served at several posts in . . . — Map (db m44835) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Hagerstonians In The Civil WarCongressman James Dixon Roman 1809-1867
This building was Congressman Roman's home from the time he purchased it in 1845 until his death in 1867. A prominent member of the Whig Party, Roman was elected to the House of Representatives during the 30th Congress (1847-1849). He declined . . . — Map (db m45185) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Hagerstonians in the Civil WarGovernor William T. Hamilton, 1820-1888
William T. Hamilton was born in Boonsboro. He attended the Hagerstown Academy and Jefferson College in Pennsylvania. Hamilton passed the bar in 1845 and opened a law practice in Hagerstown. After serving one year in the Maryland Legislature, he was . . . — Map (db m60558) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Hagerstonians in the Civil WarMargaret Greenawalt, 1824-1911 Catharine Bonebrake Bowman, 1821-1902
Many communities in this region boast of stories similar to Frederick's Barbara Fritchie or Middletown's Nancy Crouse, who defied the Confederates during their invasions of Maryland. Hagerstown is no exception. Although the specific date of . . . — Map (db m107235) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Hagerstonians in the Civil WarDr. John Absalom Wroe, 1817-1874
This home was constructed around 1838. During the Civil War, it was the home of Dr. John Absalom Wroe and his family. A native of Virginia, Wroe helped to treat wounded Confederate and union soldiers who were left in the City when the rebel army . . . — Map (db m107241) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Hagerstonians in the Civil WarColonel Henry Kyd Douglas, CSA 1838-1903
Douglas was raised at Ferry Hill Place, on the Maryland side of the Potomac River at Shepherdstown. In 1861, he enlisted in the 2nd Virginia Infantry and fought in the Battle of First Manassas. From April to October, 1862, Douglas was the youngest . . . — Map (db m107394) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Hagerstonians in the Civil WarThe Rebels MacGill
A local doctor and father of 11, Charles MacGill (1806-1881) was a co-founder of the Hagerstown Herald and was a major general in the Maryland Militia. On September 30, 1861, Union troops came to his home to arrest him “on the authority . . . — Map (db m129169) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Hagerstonians in the Civil WarCommander Donald McNeill Fairfax, USN — 1821 - 1894 —
A native of Virginia, Fairfax served 48 years in the U.S. Navy, including service in the Mexican and Civil Wars. He retired as a Rear Admiral in 1881 and lived here at "The Columns". He rests in Rose Hill Cemetery. Highlights of his career include: . . . — Map (db m146073) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Hagerstonians in the Civil WarSurgeon John M. Gaines, CSA — 1837 - 1915 —
In 1861 Dr. John M. Gaines opened a practice in Alexandria, Virginia. He lived at the Marshall House Hotel, which was owned by stalwart secessionist James W. Jackson who flew a large Confederate flag over his hotel. On May 24, 1861, Union troops led . . . — Map (db m146081) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — HagerstownBringing Farm Products to Maryland's Great Valley
Following Jonathan Hager’s arrival in 1739, German and Scots-Irish immigrants settled in Maryland’s Great Valley, developing prosperous farms. By the mid 1790’s, agriculture was booming and the region needed a way to get its products to market. . . . — Map (db m6532) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Hagerstown & The National Road
The National Road was the first Federally-funded road project authorized by Congress. A gateway to the western frontier, it began in Cumberland and extended to Vandalia, Illinois. Heavily used from the time it opened, it was America's first . . . — Map (db m148826) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Hagerstown Charity School
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m146066) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Hagerstown Female Seminary
The Hagerstown Female seminary, a women’s college founded by the Evangelical Lutheran Church, opened its doors in 1853. Its name was changed in the 1890s to Kee Mar College, and operated at this location until 1911 when the campus was sold to the . . . — Map (db m129316) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Hagerstown Railway
The only trolley system to operate in Washington County was started with the creation of the Hagerstown Railway in 1896. It consisted of a loop around the outer edges of town, and crossing lines that ran north-south on Potomac Street and east-west . . . — Map (db m131874) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Hagerstown Ransomed
On July 6th, 1864, Confederate Cavalry General John McCausland and his 1,500 troops demanded a ransom of $20,000 from Hagerstown, or the town would be burned. Three local banks gave up the money, underwritten by the town council. After the war, a . . . — Map (db m6530) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Henry Kyd Douglas1838 - 1903 — Military And Literary Figure —
An officer in the Confederate army, Douglas served with distinction on the small personal staff of General “Stonewall” Jackson during the Valley Campaign (1862) which made Jackson a legend in military history. Wounded six times, Douglas . . . — Map (db m107553) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — In Memory Of1898-1902
In memory of the the men from Washington County Maryland who served in the Armed Forces of the United States of America during the war with Spain, the China Relief Expedition and the Philippine Insurrection. — Map (db m8139) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Jacob Francis Wheaton1835-1924 — Civil Rights And Education Figure —
Jacob Wheaton was born in Middletown, Maryland and moved to Hagerstown in the 1850s. he is believed to be the first African-American to vote in Maryland after the civil war for casting h1s vote in the Hagerstown Mayoral Election of 1868. In 1897, he . . . — Map (db m107266) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Jacob Wheaton1835-1924
Raised in Middletown in Frederick County, Wheaton had a prominent role in the post-civil war civic involvement of African Americans in the state. Contemporary accounts credit Wheaton as the first African American in Maryland to vote when he . . . — Map (db m107361) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Jesse Duncan Elliott1782 - 1845 — Military Figure —
Elliott was born in Hagerstown and raised on South Potomac Street. He entered the U.S. Navy in 1804 and rose to the rank of Commodore. He served in the Tripolitan War (1804 -1807) and the events between the American and British navies that led to . . . — Map (db m107147) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — John Brown
The Washington House Hotel was a major stop on the National Pike and served as a hospital at times throughout the Civil War. Prior to organizing his raid on the Federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, John Brown registered under the assumed name of "I. . . . — Map (db m20846) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — John D. Zentmyer
Principal Hagerstown High School 1926-1946 Educator of youth for thirty-eight years. Leader in character building & academic excellence. Thousands, young & old, benefited by his example & guidance. Memorial erected by students & friends of . . . — Map (db m6526) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — John V. Jamison, Sr. and John V. Jamison Jr.
In 1906, J. V. Jamison, Sr. and two partners founded the Jones Cold Store Door Company. He soon bought his partners' interest. Over five decades, he and his son, J. V. Jamison, Jr. grew the company (renamed the Jamison Cold Storage Door Company) . . . — Map (db m107056) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Jonathan Hager1714 1775
Founder of Hagerstown. Co-founder of this church. Buried west of main building. — Map (db m8138) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Jonathan Hager1714 -1775 — Business And Industry Figure —
Jonathan Hager was the founder of the City of Hagerstown. He was born in Germany and immigrated to Pennsylvania in 1736. In 1739, he purchased 200 acres of land in what is now the western part of Hagerstown and engaged in numerous business ventures. . . . — Map (db m107144) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Jonathan Hager HouseCirca 1740
October 16, 1739, Jonathan Hager took up “Hager’s Fancy” 200 acres in the valley of Antietam Creek. A year later he married Elizabeth Kershner for whom Elizabeth-Town (Hagerstown) was named and established his home here. In 1944 it was . . . — Map (db m1157) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Mary Lemist Titcomb1857 - 1932 — Education And Business Figure —
Titcomb began her career in library science in Concord, Massachusetts. in 1901, she became the first director of the newly-created Washington county free library on Summit Avenue. She served for over 30 years. Titcomb was an innovator in county-wide . . . — Map (db m107092) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Mary TitcombA Leader in Learning
Mary Titcomb was the first librarian to lead the Washington County Free Library, the first county library chartered in the United States. She was dedicated to seeing that the library was accessible beyond the county seat, so she developed the first . . . — Map (db m131909) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Mason and Dixon Line100th Mile Stone
Maryland-Pennsylvania boundary line. Surveyed and marked 1763-68 by two English astronomers, Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon. This is one of the "Crown" stones, set every five miles displaying the coat of arms of Lord Baltimore on south and Penns . . . — Map (db m6107) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Matthias Peter Möller1854 - 1937 — Business And Industry Figure —
Möller was the founder of some of the most successful businesses in Hagerstown's history. He moved his organ factory to Hagerstown in 1881 and it grew to become the largest in the world. it produced over 11,000 instruments before closing in 1992. in . . . — Map (db m107055) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Maurice Edward Frock1899-1918
Frock enlisted in the U.S. Marine Corps in 1916. During World War I, he served in France with the 5th Marine Regiment. In June, 1918, he was detached from his company to serve at battalion headquarters. Frock earned two silver star medals for . . . — Map (db m107259) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Military Occupation
The Independent Junior Fire Company was formed in 1842. Their firehouse was constructed in 1852 and altered in 1881. During the Civil War, the Juniors' firehouse was used by the U.S. Army for various purposes and served as a field hospital to treat . . . — Map (db m20768) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — MillingGrist to the Mill
Before it was transformed into the Mural of Unusual Size, this industrial building operated one of the largest milling institutions in Western Maryland. The operations were so extensive, the mill consumed more grain than the community could produce. . . . — Map (db m107939) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Mount ProspectNathanial Rochester House
This is the original site of "Mount Prospect," also known as "The Rochester House." Nathanial Rochester built the house in 1789 on ground which once belonged to Jonathan Hager, the founder of Hagerstown. The home was used as a "way station" during . . . — Map (db m20852) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Mt. Aetna Cannon
 Mt. Aetna Furnace, at which this cannon was cast in 1776, was located one mile west along Mt. Aetna Road from its predecessor Antietam furnace which was along Mt. Lena Road. Numerous records from the Revolutionary period describe the . . . — Map (db m45455) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Oak Hill
During the Civil War period, the area now known as "Oak Hill" was a large estate called "Settled in Time" and was the home of James H. and Sarah Grove. The Groves sold the estate in November 1868 to William T. Hamilton, a former congressman and . . . — Map (db m146079) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Old Forge Bridge
This three-arch bridge was erected at a cost $2,800 by W. H. Eirely in 1863 over a ford in Antietam Creek. The east arch of this bridge spans a path once used for cattle. A forge, part of a large ironworks operation owned by the Hughes brothers, was . . . — Map (db m6521) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Old Forge Farm
The main block of this house was built in 1762 by Ceorge French. In 1764, it was purchaed by the Hughes family and was Daniel Hughes' home until his death in 1818. He added the wing to the east. Hughes and his borther Samuel were iron manufacturers . . . — Map (db m6535) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — One of Lee’s Ammunition Trains
One of Lee’s ammunition trains was captured here Sept. 15, 1862 by 1200 Federal cavalry under Col. B. F. Davis, escaping from Gen. T. J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s capture of Harpers Ferry. This loss was felt by the Confederate army at the . . . — Map (db m386) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Our Journey Transports Us Through Time

"This sculpture is very significant to me. It depicts the importance of transportation to the history of my home county. It is made all the more special because it is installed outside my library in Hagerstown, the place where I dreamed and was . . . — Map (db m114375) HM

Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Peter Buys1881 - 1964 — Entertainment Figure —
An E-flat clarinetist, Peter Buys joined the U.S. Military Academy Band in 1893. He joined John Philip Sousa's band in 1912 and became a protégé and friend of that music icon. In 1917, Buys left the Sousa band to become a band director, but he . . . — Map (db m107095) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Ransom of Hagerstown
The existing City Hall was constructed in 1939, replacing the 1818 City Hall on this location. Town Treasurer and City Councilman Matthew Barber negotiated with Confederate General John McCausland regarding the ransom of Hagerstown in 1864. Retreat . . . — Map (db m20767) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Ransom of Hagerstown
This courthouse was built in 1873, replacing the courthouse that stood at this site during the Civil War. In 1864, Confederate General John McCausland met with town officials and the directors of the Hagerstown Bank in the court clerk's office to . . . — Map (db m20848) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Retreat from Gettysburg
Zion Reformed Church was a stronghold for the Confederates on their retreat from Gettysburg on July 6, 1863. General Robert E. Lee passed through Hagerstown during the Confederate occupation following the Battle of Gettysburg. General George . . . — Map (db m20769) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Retreat from Gettysburg
St. John's Lutheran Church was erected in 1795. During the Civil War on July 6, 1863, cavalry of both armies clashed in the streets of Hagerstown from noon until dark. Observers recorded that the streets were full of dead and wounded soldiers and . . . — Map (db m20855) HM

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May. 31, 2020