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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Berkeley County, West Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Berkeley County, West Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Berkeley County, WV (102) Jefferson County, WV (340) Morgan County, WV (102) Washington County, MD (835) Clarke County, VA (72) Frederick County, VA (175)  BerkeleyCounty(102) Berkeley County (102)  JeffersonCounty(340) Jefferson County (340)  MorganCounty(102) Morgan County (102)  WashingtonCountyMaryland(835) Washington County (835)  ClarkeCountyVirginia(72) Clarke County (72)  FrederickCounty(175) Frederick County (175)
Adjacent to Berkeley County, West Virginia
    Jefferson County (340)
    Morgan County (102)
    Washington County, Maryland (835)
    Clarke County, Virginia (72)
    Frederick County, Virginia (175)
 
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GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1West Virginia (Berkeley County), Baker Heights — Veterans Administration Center
Established as the Newton D. Baker General Hospital, U.S. Army. Named for Newton D. Baker, native of Martinsburg and Secretary of War, World War I. Opened for patients in 1944. It became Veterans Administration Center in 1946. — Map (db m12784) HM
2West Virginia (Berkeley County), Blairton — Van Metre Ford Bridge
Named for the property owners this stone bridge built in 1832 across Opequon Creek was major improvement for travellers on Warm Springs Road connecting Alexandria and Bath, Va., site of famous mineral waters. The Berkeley County Court established a . . . — Map (db m12849) HM
3West Virginia (Berkeley County), Bunker Hill — "Morgan Acres"
Two miles west is the site of the first house in present West Virginia. It was built by Col. Morgan Morgan who came from Delaware in 1726. It was destroyed and the one now there was built in 1800 by another Morgan. — Map (db m57717) HM
4West Virginia (Berkeley County), Bunker Hill — Christ Church
First Episcopal Church in West Virginia Established 1740 by Col. Morgan Morgan known as Morgan's Chapel Present building 1851 — Map (db m12848) HM
5West Virginia (Berkeley County), Bunker Hill — Christ Church
300 yards west is one of the oldest Episcopal churches in West Virginia. Built in 1740 by Morgan Morgan. Five Revolutionary soldiers buried in church yard. Used as a barracks during war between the states. — Map (db m134064) HM
6West Virginia (Berkeley County), Bunker Hill — Col. Morgan Morgan
Nov. 1, 1688 — Nov. 17, 1766. Erected by the State of West Virginia. In commemoration of the first settlement within the present boundaries of said State, which was made by Col. Morgan Morgan, a native of Wales, and Catherine Garretson, . . . — Map (db m1169) HM
7West Virginia (Berkeley County), Bunker Hill — Cool Spring Presbyterian Church
Founded 1764 100 yds. to the East Parent to Gerrardstown Presbyterian Church Map (db m148877) HM
8West Virginia (Berkeley County), Bunker Hill — Gettysburg CampaignInvasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through . . . — Map (db m1975) HM
9West Virginia (Berkeley County), Bunker Hill — James Johnston Pettigrew Monument
Due west of this tablet, 650 feet, is the Boyd House in which died, July 17, 1863, Brig.-Gen. James Johnston Pettigrew, of North Carolina, C. S. A. At Gettysburg he commanded and led Heth’s Division in the assault on Cemetery Ridge, July 3; and in . . . — Map (db m2615) HM
10West Virginia (Berkeley County), Bunker Hill — Morgan Cabin
Originally built 1731-34 as second home of Morgan Morgan-first white settler in West Virginia. Rebuilt with some of original logs in 1976 as a State and County Bicentennial project. It was here during the Revolution that James Morgan, the grandson . . . — Map (db m12798) HM
11West Virginia (Berkeley County), Bunker Hill — Morgan ChapelWashington Heritage Trail
At Bunker Hill in 1726, Colonel Morgan Morgan founded the first permanent settlement of record in what is now West Virginia. In commemoration of this event, the state of West Virginia has erected a monument in Bunker Hill State Park, and has placed . . . — Map (db m134056) HM
12West Virginia (Berkeley County), Bunker Hill — Morgan Morgan
Morgan Morgan, a native of Wales, established his home at Bunker Hill before 1732, and was leader in Eastern Panhandle’s early development. His sons gave name to Morgantown, and fought in Indian and Revolutionary Wars. — Map (db m1176) HM
13West Virginia (Berkeley County), Bunker Hill — Zacquill Morgan House
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Zaquill Morgan House 1761 [Lower plaque:] A Berkeley County Historic Landmark . . . — Map (db m148875) HM
14West Virginia (Berkeley County), Darkesville — Darkesville
Named for Gen. William Darke, veteran of the Revolution and the Indian wars. He saves the remnants of St. Clair’s army from massacre in 1791 when badly defeated by the Miami Indians. His son Capt. Joseph Darke, lost his life. — Map (db m1979) HM
15West Virginia (Berkeley County), Falling Waters — Battle of Falling WatersJackson’s Coolness Under Fire
On the morning of July 2, 1861, Federal troops under Gen. Robert Patterson crossed the Potomac River from Maryland and marched south toward Martinsburg. Colonel Thomas J. Jackson sent his men north from their camp north of town to block them and to . . . — Map (db m41631) HM
16West Virginia (Berkeley County), Falling Waters — Battle of Falling WatersStuart’s Surprise
Here at Stumpy’s Hollow on the morning of July 2, 1861, Confederate Lieutenant Colonel J.E.B. Stuart captured a Union infantry company almost single-handedly. The Federals – Company I, fifteenth Pennsylvania Volunteers – were acting . . . — Map (db m45596) HM
17West Virginia (Berkeley County), Falling Waters — Battle of Falling WatersCrockett-Porterfield House
On the morning of July 2, 1861, Federal troops under General Robert Patterson crossed the Potomac River from Maryland and marched toward Martinsburg. Confederate Colonel Thomas J. Jackson’s command marched from Camp Stephens, four miles north of . . . — Map (db m45605) HM
18West Virginia (Berkeley County), Falling Waters — Battle of Falling WatersHarper’s 5th Virginia Infantry
On the morning of July 2, 1861, Federal troops under General Robert Patterson crossed the Potomac River from Maryland and marched toward Martinsburg. Confederate Colonel Thomas J. Jackson’s command marched from Camp Stephens, four miles north of . . . — Map (db m58078) HM
19West Virginia (Berkeley County), Falling Waters — Battle of Falling WatersFour Apostles of the 1st Rockbridge Artillery
On the morning of July 2, 1861, Federal troops under General Robert Patterson crossed the Potomac River from Maryland and marched toward Martinsburg. Confederate Colonel Thomas J. Jackson’s command marched from Camp Stephens, four miles north of . . . — Map (db m58080) HM
20West Virginia (Berkeley County), Falling Waters — Battles of Falling Waters“A splendid falls”
During the Civil War, the strategically important Valley Turnpike crossed the stream just above the small waterfall here. Two battles were fought nearby. The first occurred on July 2, 1861, half a mile south on the Porterfield Farm. On the morning . . . — Map (db m58083) HM
21West Virginia (Berkeley County), Falling Waters — General “Stonewall” Jackson
In Memory of General “Stonewall” Jackson This tablet is erected by the Berkeley County Chapter United Daughters of the Confederacy to commemorate an instance of General Jackson’s remarkable bravery at all times in the face of the gravest . . . — Map (db m41626) HM
22West Virginia (Berkeley County), Falling Waters — Stumpy’s HollowJuly 2, 1861
Site of JEB Stuart’s capture of Union Soldiers — Map (db m45769) HM
23West Virginia (Berkeley County), Gerrardstown — Gerard House
Built by John Hays, 1743. Became home of Reverend David Gerard, who founded Gerrardstown in 1787. His father was Reverend John Gerard, the first Baptist Minister west of the Blue Ridge Mountains. — Map (db m12793) HM
24West Virginia (Berkeley County), Gerrardstown — Gerrardstown
Established as a town, 1787. Named for John Gerrard, first pastor of Mill Creek Baptist Church, which was organized by early settlers about 1743. The congregation reorganized after Indian hostilities during the French and Indian War. — Map (db m12791) HM
25West Virginia (Berkeley County), Gerrardstown — Gerrardstown Veterans Memorial
Members of the Gerrardstown Community who have proudly served their country in time of conflict Dedicated in 2004 World War I Davis Crim • Ashton Faircloth • George Maseur • Frank Miller • Carl Wiest World War II . . . — Map (db m148878) WM
26West Virginia (Berkeley County), Gerrardstown — Malin-Wilson-Gray House
C. 1795-1835-1890 National Register of Historic Places — Map (db m148879) HM
27West Virginia (Berkeley County), Gerrardstown — Mill Creek Baptist Church
Site of Mill Creek Baptist Church Organized prior to 1742 Grand-parent of First Baptist Church Martinsburg, West Va. — Map (db m14596) HM
28West Virginia (Berkeley County), Hedgesville — 102 West Main Street
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 — Map (db m144121) HM
29West Virginia (Berkeley County), Hedgesville — 104 East Main Street
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 — Map (db m148849) HM
30West Virginia (Berkeley County), Hedgesville — 104 West Main Street
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 — Map (db m144122) HM
31West Virginia (Berkeley County), Hedgesville — 106 East Main Street
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 — Map (db m148848) HM
32West Virginia (Berkeley County), Hedgesville — 108 East Main Street
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 — Map (db m148847) HM
33West Virginia (Berkeley County), Hedgesville — 108 West Main Street
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 — Map (db m144123) HM
34West Virginia (Berkeley County), Hedgesville — 200 South Mary Street
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 [Lower plaque:] circa 1842 — Map (db m148850) HM
35West Virginia (Berkeley County), Hedgesville — 201 East Main Street
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 — Map (db m148851) HM
36West Virginia (Berkeley County), Hedgesville — 201 North Mary Street
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 — Map (db m148852) HM
37West Virginia (Berkeley County), Hedgesville — 202 Town Spring Street
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 — Map (db m159446) HM
38West Virginia (Berkeley County), Hedgesville — 204 North Mary Street
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 — Map (db m148854) HM
39West Virginia (Berkeley County), Hedgesville — 300 North Mary Street
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 — Map (db m148855) HM
40West Virginia (Berkeley County), Hedgesville — 307 North Mary Street
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 — Map (db m148858) HM
41West Virginia (Berkeley County), Hedgesville — Battle of North Mountain Depot
This boulder marks the site on Camp Hill where the batteries were fired during the War Between the States in the raid on the federal blockhouse, located at North Mountain. On July 4, 1864, the 14th, 16th, and 17th Regiments of General McCausland's . . . — Map (db m154841) HM
42West Virginia (Berkeley County), Hedgesville — Hedgesville
Site of stockade fort built during the early Indian wars. Mt. Zion Episcopal Church was built soon after. A mile west is the tavern, built, 1740–1750, by Robert Snodgrass on land patented in 1732 by William Snodgrass, pioneer settler. — Map (db m990) HM
43West Virginia (Berkeley County), Hedgesville — Hedgesville Historic District National Register SiteWashington Heritage Trail
During the French and Indian War (c. 1750) Virginia Militia Col. George Washington supervised the construction of Fort Hedges, a stockade fort built along the Warm Spring Road at the heavily-traveled Skinner's gap atop North Mountain (740 feet . . . — Map (db m117316) HM
44West Virginia (Berkeley County), Hedgesville — Mt. Zion Episcopal Church
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 — Map (db m148844) HM
45West Virginia (Berkeley County), Hedgesville — Payne-Kreglow House
National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by U. S. Dept. of Interior Hedgesville Historic District Est. 1978 [Lower marker:] Payne-Kreglow House circa 1905 Restored by James W. Poisal, Jr., . . . — Map (db m148856) HM
46West Virginia (Berkeley County), Hedgesville — Saint Mark's Methodist Episcopal Church
[Left Plaque:] (Originally First Methodist Episcopal Church) 1790 - 1942 Place during U.S.A. Bicentennial Celebration [Right plaque:] National Register [of Historic Places] Structure by . . . — Map (db m159447) HM
47West Virginia (Berkeley County), Kearneysville — Shaw Run Wetland ComplexWest Virginia 9 — Charles Town to Martinsburg —
The Shaw Run Wetland Complex is a calcareous fen. A "fen" is defined as low land covered wholly or partly with water. fed by Shaw Spring and Shaw Run, the wetland is a unique type of wetland for West Virginia because of its marl substratum (layer . . . — Map (db m150612) HM
48West Virginia (Berkeley County), Kearneysville — Stone House MansionWest Virginia 9 — Charles Town to Martinsburg —
Stone House Mansion, predominantly Georgian in style, was constructed in 1757, and is one of the oldest stone structures in Berkeley County. The property is listed in the National Register of Historic Places for its association with the Hite vs. . . . — Map (db m132442) HM
49West Virginia (Berkeley County), Marlowe — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4-6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. . . . — Map (db m60605) HM
50West Virginia (Berkeley County), Marlowe — Watkins' Ferry
By an act of the Virginia House of Burgesses, 1744, a ferry was established extending from the mouth of the Canagochego Creek in Maryland across the Patowmack to the Evan Watkins Landing, about 250 yards southeast. This landing was also the entrance . . . — Map (db m131795) HM
51West Virginia (Berkeley County), Marlowe — West Virginia (Berkeley County) / Virginia
West Virginia (Berkeley County) "The Mountain State"—western part of the Commonwealth of Virginia until June 20, 1863. Settled by the Germans and Scotch-Irish. It became a line of defense between the English and French . . . — Map (db m131797) HM
52West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — “Oh Shenandoah, I Long to See You!”
“Big Apple Time Capsule” Dedicated: Oct 19, 1990 – Re-open in year of 2040 Sponsor: Martinsburg Jaycees This “community pride project” is an attempt to preserve the Apple Capital city and surrounding areas of . . . — Map (db m1212) HM
53West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — 224 - 226 West King Street
Built as a YMCA in 1908. Constructed in the eclectic mission style. Used as the Martinsburg City Hall from 1932-1988. — Map (db m132408) HM
54West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Adam Stephen House309 East John Street — 1774-1789 —
This structure was constructed of native limestone by Revolutionary War General Adam Stephen, founder of Martinsburg. Restored by the City of Martinsburg and the Adam Stephen Memorial Association, Inc. — Map (db m132404) HM
55West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Adam Stephen House – 309 East John StreetWashington Heritage Trail
Adam Stephen (1720-1791) had a close acquaintance with George Washington through their association with Lord Fairfax and from their military involvements from the French & Indian War through the American Revolution. Stephen was present with . . . — Map (db m132402) HM
56West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Apollo Theater128 East Martin Street — Built 1912 —
This theater was designed by Reginald Geare, architect for the well-known Knickerbocker Theater of Washington, D.C. — Map (db m143931) HM
57West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Avenue of Flags Monument
The colonial village of Martinsburg was established by law enacted by the General Assemply of the Commonwealth of Virginia on October 21, 1778. Martinsburg’s founder was General Adam Stephen, a noted soldier of the American Revolutionary War. . . . — Map (db m1978) HM
58West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Shop Complex
The roundhouse is the sole surviving cast-iron framed roundhouse and is an important example of mid-19th century industrial building design. Designed by Albert Fink, in collaboration with Benjamin H. Latrobe, it represents an early use of . . . — Map (db m1199) HM
59West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Baltimore and Ohio Roundhouse and Shop Complex
National Civil Engineering Landmark. The re-construction of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Roundhouse and Shop Complex commenced soon after the end of the American Civil War in 1865. This complex included two roundhouses and two significant . . . — Map (db m17373) HM
60West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Belle Boyd HouseHome of a Spy — Antietam Campaign —
Isabelle “Belle” Boyd, the Confederate spy, lived here during part of her childhood. The ten-year-old and her family moved here in 1853 and left in 1858 for a dwelling (no longer standing) on South Queen Street. According to Boyd, . . . — Map (db m63496) HM
61West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Belle Boyd House126 E. Race Street — Built 1853 —
Built in 1853 by Benjamin Reed Boyd, a merchant, Confederate soldier and the father of Belle Boyd. Belle Boyd was a famous Confederate spy, author and actress. — Map (db m149428) HM
62West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Berkeley HotelRailroad Raids Survivor
This is one of the last surviving antebellum buildings in the area. It was constructed shortly after the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad reached Martinsburg in 1842. The adjacent railroad yards twice were Confederate Gen. Thomas J. . . . — Map (db m58629) HM
63West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Boarman House208 S. Queen Street — Built 1802 —
One of the earliest brick buildings constructed in Martinsburg. Home of Rear Admiral Charles Boarman, who served in the War of 1812 and the Civil War. — Map (db m132397) HM
64West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Boydville
Built, 1812, by Elisha Boyd, general in the War of 1812, on land bought from Gen. Adam Stephen. Mansion noted for its fine workmanship. Home of his son-in-law, Charles J. Faulkner, Minister to France, and his grandson, U.S. Senator Faulkner. — Map (db m983) HM
65West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Civil War MartinsburgFocus of Contention
Martinsburg, strategically located on the Valley Turnpike, (present day U.S. Route 11) and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, was a major transportation center and the northern gateway to the Shenandoah Valley. Both sides contested for it frequently . . . — Map (db m88507) HM
66West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Continental Clay Brick WorksWest Virginia 9 — Charles Town to Martinsburg —
Local lawyer and newspaper editor, F. Vernon [unreadable], established the Continental Clay Brick works on a portion of his family farm in [unreadable]. Ten beehive kilns were initially constructed to fire the bricks after they were molded. Brick . . . — Map (db m132440) HM
67West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — First Electrified HouseIn Martinsburg, W. Va.
This home was provided with electric service in 1890 by the Edison Electric Illuminating Company, a predecessor of the Potomac Edison Company Commemorated 3 December 1969 — Map (db m132406) HM
68West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Fort Neally
During the French and Indian War, Fort Neally was captured and its garrison massacred, Sept. 17, 1756. Many settlers in the vicinity also were killed. Among captives was Isabella Stockton, later wife of William McCleery, Morgantown. — Map (db m12790) HM
69West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Gen. Adam Stephen
Here was home of General Adam Stephen, founder of Martinsburg and county's first sheriff. Was famous as fighter in French and Indian Wars, and as major general in the American Revolutionary War. — Map (db m12786) HM
70West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — General Adam Stephen House and Triple Brick Museum
Founder of Martinsburg, First Sheriff of Berkeley County, Statesman, Soldier, Surgeon National Register of Historic Places Oct. 15, 1970 — Map (db m12788) HM
71West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Girlhood Home of Belle Boyd
Site of girlhood home of Belle Boyd Confederate spy 1845-1899 — Map (db m132398) HM
72West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Harry Flood Byrd
On this site Harry Flood Byrd was born June 10, 1887 Member of the Virginia Senate, 1916-1925 Governor of Virginia, 1926-1930 U.S. Senator from 1933. — Map (db m132399) HM
73West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — J. R. Clifford
Born 1848 in Hardy Co. A Civil War vet., Storer College graduate, teacher and principal at local Sumner School. Published Pioneer Press (1882), first African American paper in state. First of race to pass state bar exam (1887); argued two . . . — Map (db m1210) HM
74West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Major General Adam Stephen1718 - 1791 — Patriot – Legislator – Founder —
He was commander of a division in the Revolution. Voted for the adoption of the federal constitution while a member of the Virginia Assembly. Granted 130 acres of land for the site of Martinsburg and was the first sheriff of Berkeley County. — Map (db m132409) HM
75West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Market House100 North Queen Street — 1846-1847 —
One of Martinsburg's Gothic Revival masterpieces and once its central marketplace. The structure has been used commercially with the Masons and Odd Fellows halls overhead. — Map (db m132400) HM
76West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Martinsburg
Founded, 1778, by Gen. Adam Stephen. Named for Thomas Martin, nephew of Lord Fairfax. Home of Admirals Charles Boarman and C.K. Stribling. Locomotives seized here, 1861, in Jackson’s raid were drawn by horses to Winchester, Va. — Map (db m1973) HM
77West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Martinsburg / Berkeley Riflemen
Martinsburg. Established, 1778, by Gen. Adam Stephen. Named for Col. Thomas Martin, nephew of Lord Fairfax. Home of Admiral C.K. Stribling and Admiral Charles Boarman. In Jackson’s raid, 1861, captured B&O locomotives were drawn by horses to . . . — Map (db m1976) HM
78West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Martinsburg RoundhouseJackson and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad — Antietam Campaign —
In April 1861, as the Civil War erupted, Confederate forces seized the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad from Harpers Ferry west. On May 24, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston ordered Col. Thomas J. (later “Stonewall”) Jackson to destroy the rolling . . . — Map (db m149430) HM
79West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Norbourne Parish CemeterySouth side of South Street — Established 1772 —
Site of the original Trinity Episcopal Church, founded as part of the Church of England. — Map (db m134028) HM
80West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Old Berkeley County Jail420 South Raleigh Street — Built 1892 —
This High Victorian Gothic structure served as the Berkeley County jail for one hundred years. — Map (db m134016) HM
81West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Old Federal Building125 S. Maple Avenue — Completed 1895 —
Constructed using the Richardson-Romanesque Style of architecture, this building served as a Post Office and United States Courthouse. — Map (db m1977) HM
82West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Old High School401 South Queen Street — Built 1883 —
This High Victorian Gothic structure which served as the Martinsburg High School, now howses the Berkeley County Board of Education office. — Map (db m132394) HM
83West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Old Methodist Church201 East John Street — Built 1795 —
This structure was originally constructed as a dwelling and was later used as a house of worship from 1812-1842 by the Methodist Episcopal Church. — Map (db m134000) HM
84West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Old Stone House302 South Water Street — Constructed prior to 1779 —
Constructed of native limestone, this house is considered among the earliest built in Martinsburg. — Map (db m132407) HM
85West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Old Worsted and Cassimere Mills
The woolen mills were located in the buildings on the south side of the street and the cassimere mills on the north. Outstanding examples of industrial architecture. — Map (db m134032) HM
86West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Roundhouses and Shops / Railroad Strike of 1877
Roundhouses and Shops. The B&O Railroad reached Martinsburg in 1842, and by 1849, a roundhouse and shops were built. These first buildings were burned by Confederate troops in 1862. The present west roundhouse and the two shops were built . . . — Map (db m1197) HM
87West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Site of Belle Boyd HomeFamous Confederate Spy
Here on July 4, 1861, Belle Boyd, at the age of 17, shot and killed a Union soldier. She was imprisoned on several occasions as a result of her later spying activities. — Map (db m156718) HM
88West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — St. John's Catholic CemeteryNorth side of South Street — 1802 —
The first Catholic Church of Martinsburg was located on this site from 1825 to 1843. — Map (db m134023) HM
89West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — St. Joseph's Catholic Church219 South Queen Street — 1845-1860 —
This Romanesque Revival Church was begin in 1845 and dedicated in 1860. George Whitson, local architect, designed the Greek portico with the Gothic spire in 1888. [Bottom plaque] Most Reverend Bernard Schmitt, D.D. Designated . . . — Map (db m132395) HM
90West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Sumner-Ramer Memorial School515 West Martin Street
The present building was completed in 1917 under the leadership of Fred R. Ramer. He was the first principal in Berkeley County to have a school named after him. Ramer school served the black community until 1964. — Map (db m1211) HM
91West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — The Story of Two Bridges: The Colonnade Bridge and the East Burke Street Bridge
Looking Upstream and Northeast at the Colonnade Bridge, Circa 1860 In 1849, the Baltimore and Ohio established its railroad shops in Martinsburg and erected here two most noteworthy roundhouses and workshop buildings. The B&O erected a . . . — Map (db m148872) HM
92West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Triple Brick Building – 311-313 East John StreetWashington Heritage Trail
Built in the mid-1870s by Philip Showers, who owned the adjacent stone house (the Adam Stephen House) at that time, the Triple Brick Building was listed in early tax records as the "Tribble (Triple) House" or "the brick house divided into . . . — Map (db m132401) HM
93West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Triple Brick Museum313 East John Street — Built 1874 —
This structure was originally constructed as three apartments by Philip Showers to house railroad workers. — Map (db m132405) HM
94West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Welcome to the City of MartinsburgFounded in 1778 by General Adam Stephen
The Founder Born around 1720 in Scotland, Stephen received a surgeon's degree from the University of Edinburgh in 1746. He came to America in 1748, settling in Fredericksburg, Va., where he practiced as a doctor. In 1754 he joined the Virginia . . . — Map (db m132396) HM
95West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — World War Memorial
1917-1918. This memorial is dedicated as an enduring tribute to the patriotism of the citizens of Berkeley County who rendered loyal service to our country in the great World War, and to honor the memory of those who made the supreme sacrifice . . . — Map (db m1256) WM
96West Virginia (Berkeley County), Nollville — Tuscarora Church
Tuscarora Presbyterian Church, which was built before 1745 by Scotch-Irish Presbyterians. Rev. Hugh Vance, first pastor, is buried here. During Indian days, worshipers hung their guns on pegs in the walls while they sang and prayed. — Map (db m92578) HM
97West Virginia (Berkeley County), North Mountain — Camp HopkinsMemorial to a Friend
In December 1862, Union Gen. Benjamin F. Kelley stationed detachments of the 54th Pennsylvania and 1st West Virginia Infantry regiments here to guard and repair the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, a main supply route between the Ohio River and the . . . — Map (db m58628) HM
98West Virginia (Berkeley County), Pikeside — Fort Evans
Fort Evans, built here, 1755, was attacked by Indians, 1756. The men were absent but Polly Evans, whose husband, John, had built the fort, led the women in its defense. The Big Spring here was noted camping ground of both armies, 1861-1865. — Map (db m134041) HM
99West Virginia (Berkeley County), Pikeside — Pack Horse Road
First road constructed in the present Berkeley and Jefferson Counties of West Virginia. Built ca. 1727, it followed the route of an older Indian path that was a branch of the Warrior’s Path. — Map (db m134052) HM
100West Virginia (Berkeley County), Ridgeway — West Virginia (Berkeley Count) / Virginia
West Virginia (Berkeley County) "The Mountain State—western part of the Commonwealth of Virginia until June 20, 1863. Settled by the Germans and Scotch-Irish. It became a line of defense between the English and French . . . — Map (db m150615) HM

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Jan. 23, 2021