Geographic Sort Illinois State Historical Society Historical Markers
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Illinois State Historical Society Historical Markers

Markers of the Illinois state historical markers program administered by the Illinois State Historical Society.
Augustine Tolton Marker image, Touch for more information
By Bill Pfingsten, June 11, 2012
Augustine Tolton Marker
1Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Augustine Tolton
Father Tolton, the first negro priest in the United States, was born of slave parents in Brush Creek, Missouri, in 1854. Educated at Quincy schools, he returned to this city after his ordination in Rome, Italy, in 1886. He celebrated his first . . . Map (db m58799) HM
2Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Stephen A. Douglas in Quincy
Statesman and politician Stephen A. Douglas began his distinguished national career in Quincy. A resident of the city from 1841-1847, he served as Associate Justice of the Illinois Supreme Court from 1841-1843, then in the U.S. House until he was . . . Map (db m149962) HM
3Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — The Mormons in Quincy
Mormons in Missouri were forced to flee their homes or face death because of an "extermination order" issued in 1838 by Governor Lillburn Boggs. Many of them crossed into Illinois at Quincy and were made welcome by the people here. In April 1839 . . . Map (db m149828) HM
4Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Thomas Scott Baldwin 1858-1923
The home of Major Thomas Scott Baldwin, aviation pioneer, once stood at this location. Baldwin invented the first folding parachute here in 1887, and by the 1890's had become one of the highest paid parachute exhibitionists in the nation. He built . . . Map (db m150016) HM
5Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Welcome to Illinois
In 1673 the areas of the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers were explored by Frenchmen Louis Joliet and Father Jacques Marquette. Their voyages resulted in French claims on the area until 1763 when, by the Treaty of Paris, France ceded the land to . . . Map (db m150015) HM
6Illinois (Alexander County), Cairo — Cairo, Illinois
Pierre Francois Xavier de Charlevoix, a French Jesuit, reported as early as 1721 that the land at the confluence of the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers would be a strategic location for settlement and fortification. Nearly a century later, in 1818, the . . . Map (db m144870) HM
7Illinois (Alexander County), McClure — Welcome to Illinois
In 1673 Louis Jolliet and Father Jacques Marquette explored the Illinois country for France. By the 1763 Treaty ending the French and Indian War, this area passed to England. During the American Revolution, George Rogers Clark's men captured it for . . . Map (db m161171) HM
8Illinois (Alexander County), Thebes — Steamboats on the Mississippi River
In 1817 the Zebulon M. Pike reached St. Louis, the northern-most steamboat port on the Mississippi River. The western steamboat of later years was a credit to the frontier American mechanic who drew upon experience to build a large craft (eventually . . . Map (db m161177) HM
9Illinois (Alexander County), Urbandale — Cairo, Illinois
Pierre Francois Xavier de Charlevoix, a French Jesuit, reported as early as 1721 that the land at the confluence of the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers would be a strategic location for settlement and fortification. Nearly a century later, in 1818, . . . Map (db m161727) HM
10Illinois (Brown County), Mount Sterling — Mt. Sterling, Illinois
In 1824 Cornelius Vandeventer a native of Ohio, became the first permanent settler in this area. Additional pioneers came over the next few years from Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, and North Carolina. In 1829 Alexander Curry purchased a claim on . . . Map (db m149875) HM
11Illinois (Bureau County), Cherry — Cherry Mine Disaster
Just north of town are remnants of the Cherry Coal Mine, where 259 miners lost their lives in one of the worst mine disasters in United States history. The St. Paul Coal Company began mining coal at Cherry in 1905 and by 1909 was mining 300,000 . . . Map (db m36734) HM
12Illinois (Bureau County), Princeton — Owen Lovejoy Home
This two-story frame structure was the home of abolitionist Owen Lovejoy, who was born in Maine in 1811. Lovejoy moved into the house in 1838, when he became a Congregationalist minister. He was leader in the formation of the Republican Party in . . . Map (db m44351) HM
13Illinois (Bureau County), Spring Valley — John Mitchell1870-1919
Pioneer resident of Spring Valley. Achieved national prominence in the settlement of the Pennsylvania Anthracite Miners Strike in 1902 with the co-operation of President Theodore Roosevelt. President of United Mine Workers, 1889-1908. Author . . . Map (db m164894) HM
14Illinois (Carroll County), Lanark — A Stone Arch Bridge on the Galena Road
The Stone Arch Bridge that stands to the east of the present highway was on the Galena Road, once the most important trail in northern Illinois. Along this route innumerable people streamed northward to the lead mines near Galena every spring and . . . Map (db m55806) HM
15Illinois (Carroll County), Mount Carroll — Lewistown Trail
Lewistown Trail ran from Springfield to Galena via Lewistown. From 1827 to 1837 it was one of the main routes to the Galena lead mines. In general the trail ran in a northerly direction, crossing the Rock River at Prophetstown. It then zigzagged . . . Map (db m34241) HM
16Illinois (Carroll County), Mount Carroll — Shimer College
Mount Carroll Seminary was founded as a coeducational institution in 1853 by Frances Ann Wood (later Mrs. Shimer). After the Civil War, enrollment was limited to women. Rechartered in 1896 as the Frances Shimer Academy of the University of Chicago, . . . Map (db m34479) HM
17Illinois (Carroll County), Savanna — Helen Scott Hay
Helen Scott Hay, famous Red Cross nurse, was born near Lanark in this county. She was a graduate of Savanna High School, Northwestern University in Evanston, and the Illinois Training School for Nurses in Chicago, where she was later Superintendent. . . . Map (db m55838) HM
18Illinois (Carroll County), Savanna — Plum River Falls
Steamboats once navigated to this point, where Plum River Falls powered saw, powder, grist, and flour mills at various times between 1836 and 1885. Near here the Rock Island Military and Prophetstown Trails to Galena were intersected as early as the . . . Map (db m34261) HM
19Illinois (Cass County), Chandlerville — Chandlerville
Founded 1832 by Dr. Charles Chandler of Rhode Island.Map (db m58403) HM
20Illinois (Christian County), Moweaqua — Moweaqua Coal Mine Disaster
This is the site of the Moweaqua Coal Mine Disaster which on December 24, 1932, took the lives of all 54 miners entering the mine that day. The Moweaqua Coal Mine was Shelby County's largest. An unprecedented drop in barometric pressure allowed . . . Map (db m55619) HM
21Illinois (Christian County), Taylorville — Christian County Courthouse1840 - 1856
The first courthouse of Christian County (originally Dane County) was built in 1840 for $2,350. It was located in the center of Taylorville’s Public Square. Court was held on the lower level with County Officers sharing the upstairs floor. Since the . . . Map (db m29091) HM
22Illinois (Clark County), Darwin — Darwin
Darwin was the Clark County seat from 1823 to 1838. The County Courthouse was one block south from 1819 to 1823. The county seat was Aurora, once located two miles north. Two blocks east was the Darwin Steamboat Landing on the Wabash River. The . . . Map (db m152464) HM
23Illinois (Clark County), Marshall — Fancher Pony Truss Bridge
Hiram B. Trout and his brother, Everett Trout, were born on a farm about five miles north of this location. They operated a machine shop in Shelbyville, Illinois in the late 1800’s at which in time they invented and patented the unique design for . . . Map (db m59336) HM
24Illinois (Clark County), Marshall — Old Stone Arch Bridge
This Bridge was completed by Army Engineers sometime between 1834 and 1837 as part of the Old National Road, between Cumberland, Maryland and Vandalia, Illinois, was authorized by the enabling act of 1803 and was the Nation's first federally . . . Map (db m71127) HM
25Illinois (Clark County), West Union — Fort Handy
Fort Handy, built in 1816, was located 1200 feet southeast of this park on a knoll. The fort, the only structure of its kind in Clark County, was built by the family of Thomas Handy and contained three cabins and a well surrounded by a bulletproof . . . Map (db m152478) HM
26Illinois (Clay County), Flora — Lewis Baldwin Parsons
Near this site was the home of Brevet Major General Lewis B. Parsons, who lived in Flora from 1875 until his death in 1907. Born in New York in 1818, Parsons graduated from Harvard Law School and began practice in Alton, Illinois. In 1854 he moved . . . Map (db m98934) HM
27Illinois (Clinton County), Carlyle — The General Dean Suspension Bridge
This bridge was built in 1859 at a cost of $40,000 and used for nearly seventy years. Previously, travelers at Carlyle crossed the Kaskaskia by ferry or on a mud bridge supported by logs. The Historic American Buildings Survey recognized the . . . Map (db m98933) HM
28Illinois (Coles County), Lerna — Moore House
Here on January 31, 1861, President-Elect Abraham Lincoln visited his stepmother, Mrs. Sarah Bush Lincoln and her daughter Mrs. Reuben Moore (Matilda Johnston). This was his last visit to Coles County before leaving Illinois for his inauguration. . . . Map (db m30888) HM
29Illinois (Coles County), Lerna — The Last Lincoln Farm
In 1837 Thomas Lincoln erected a cabin on a tract of land situated one-half mile to the east. Here he resided until his death in 1851. Abraham Lincoln visited here frequently, and after 1841 held title to forty acres of land on which his parents . . . Map (db m30933) HM
30Illinois (Coles County), Oakland — Home of Dr. Hiram Rutherford
This was the home of Dr. Hiram Rutherford, who was involved in 1847 in a case in which Abraham Lincoln represented a slaveholder. Rutherford and Gideon Ashmore harbored a family of slaves who had sought their help. The slaves belonged to Robert . . . Map (db m30877) HM
31Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Battle of Fort DearbornAugust 15, 1812
From roughly 1620 to 1820, the territory of the Potawatomi extended from what is now Green Bay, Wisconsin, to Detroit, Michigan, and included the Chicago area. In 1803, the United States government built Fort Dearborn at what is today Michigan . . . Map (db m67806) HM
32Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Mary Bartelme, Illinois’ First Female Judge
This park is named for Mary Bartelme (1866-1954), a pioneering Illinois Lawyer. Bartelme became the first female judge in Illinois (1923) and the second female judge in the United States. Born at Fulton and Halsted Streets in Chicago, she became a . . . Map (db m132021) HM
33Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — The Eastland Disaster
While still partially tied to its dock at the river’s edge, the excursion steamer Eastland rolled over on the morning of July 24, 1915. The result was one of the worst maritime disasters in American history. More than eight hundred people . . . Map (db m61452) HM
34Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — The 1992 River West Gas Fires
At 4 P.M. on January 17, 1992, a series of explosions and fires ravaged the River West community. The fires were in an area bounded by the Chicago River, the Kennedy Expressway, and Kinzie and Division Streets. The devastation was caused by . . . Map (db m61460) HM
35Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — West Side GroundsHome Field of the Chicago National League Ball Club from 1893 to 1915
First Game: May 14, 1893 (Cincinnati 13, Chicago 12) Last Game: October 13, 1915 (Chicago 7, St. Louis 2) Seating Capacity: 16,000 Career Record at West Side Grounds: 1,018 wins, 640 loses World Series Champions: 1907, 1908 National . . . Map (db m82399) HM
36Illinois (Cook County), Forest View — The Chicago Portage
Here you stand at the west end of a 7.5 mile long water and overland travel route across a continental divide between the St. Lawrence and Mississippi River systems, known as the Chicago Portage. Well-known to Native Americans, the route was first . . . Map (db m157109) HM
37Illinois (Cook County), Franklin Park — Burial Site of Josette Beaubien
Josette Beaubien, a survivor of the Fort Dearborn Massacre, was buried here in 1845. She was married to Jean Baptiste Beaubien, one of Chicago's first settlers. Her brother was Claude LaFramboise, a chief of the Potawatomi Indians. Chief Alexander . . . Map (db m55452) HM
38Illinois (Cook County), Glenview — Kennicott House
Kennicott House was built in 1856 by John A. Kennicott, a prominent Illinois physician, horticulturist, and educational and agricultural leader. Kennicott moved to the Grove from New Orleans with his family in 1836 shortly after the birth of his . . . Map (db m55575) HM
39Illinois (Cook County), Homewood — Dixie Highway
Dixie Highway was the first national road linking industrial northern states to agricultural southern states. Several governors met in 1915 to consider an improved road to Miami. Ten states lobbied for inclusion, resulting in eastern and western . . . Map (db m87086) HM
40Illinois (Cook County), Homewood — Washington Park Racetrack
Opening on July 3, 1926, with the American Derby and a $100,000 purse, Washington Park Racetrack, built by Washington Park Corporation and Illinois Jockey Club, became a home for the nation's finest thoroughbreds. Colonel Matt Winn and the American . . . Map (db m87089) HM
41Illinois (Cook County), River Forest — River Forest, IllinoisProud Heritage – Bright Future
The site of present-day River Forest was once home to prehistoric Native Americans, who constructed large effigy mounds throughout the region. Soon after the American Revolution Chippewa, Menominee, and Potawatomi Indians moved onto the landscape, . . . Map (db m94461) HM
42Illinois (Cook County), Thornton — Camp Thornton #2605 and the Civil Conservation CorpsCamp Motto: "String Along"
In the spring of 1934, Camp Thornton opened on this site as a home to young men of the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). At first, the men slept in tents in grass and weeds three feet tall. Later they built their own military style barracks with . . . Map (db m148602) HM
43Illinois (Cook County), Winnetka — The Green Bay Trail
One branch of the Green Bay Trail traversed this region. Originally an Indian trail, after 1816 the route connected Fort Dearborn at Chicago with Fort Howard at Green Bay. Couriers faced hunger, cold and Indians to carry dispatches on a round trip . . . Map (db m66618) HM
44Illinois (Crawford County), Hutsonville — Hutson Memorial
Hutsonville was named after the Isaac Hutson family massacred by Indians in 1813 at a spot sixty four rods due east of this marker. Hutson was killed later in a skirmish with the Indians near Fort Harrison, Indiana.Map (db m152463) HM
45Illinois (Crawford County), Palestine — Auntie Gogin's Store
On this block Mary Ann (Elwell) Gogin operated a General Merchandise Store in the late nineteenth century. One of the first women in Illinois to own and manage her own store. Mrs. Gogin was affectionately known as "Auntie" to the residents of . . . Map (db m23315) HM
46Illinois (Crawford County), Palestine — Cullom Homestead
Here stood the home of Edward N. Cullom who with Joseph Kitchell platted the Village of Palestine in 1818. They donated to the county the land including the Public Square for the County Seat. Early court sessions were held in the Cullom home.Map (db m23311) HM
47Illinois (Crawford County), Palestine — Dubois Tavern
Here stood the Dubois Tavern. Jesse K. Dubois, a close friend of Abraham Lincoln, was an official in the United States Land Office in Palestine from 1849-1853 and later became the Auditor of Public Accounts for Illinois. His son, Fred T. Dubois, . . . Map (db m23309) HM
48Illinois (Crawford County), Palestine — Fort Foot
About 1813 the William Eaton family and other restless pioneers considered Fort LaMotte too crowded and therefore constructed a new stockade on a site several hundred yards North of here. A family trait of the Eatons, large feet, led to the name . . . Map (db m23319) HM
49Illinois (Crawford County), Palestine — Fort LaMotte
About 1812 the settlers in this area built Fort LaMotte for protection from hostile indians. The pioneers farmed the adjoining land but stayed within easy reach of the protective walls. After the War of 1812 the Indian threat diminished and . . . Map (db m23308) HM
50Illinois (Crawford County), Palestine — Gov. Augustus C. French
On this site stood the home of Augustus C. French (1808-1864) when he was elected the ninth Governor of Illinois. The early settlers in Illinois came mostly from Southern States so that French, a native of New Hampshire, was the first "Yankee" . . . Map (db m23318) HM
51Illinois (Crawford County), Palestine — Houston - Dickson Store
Two early residents of Palestine, John Houston and Francis Dickson, purchased this lot as the site for a combination dwelling and store about 1818. By 1820 their stock of merchandise provided nearby settlers with goods which they previously had . . . Map (db m23313) HM
52Illinois (Crawford County), Palestine — Kitchell Grist Mill
In this area Joseph Kitchell who settled here in 1817 erected a Grist Mill and Distillery which eliminated the trip to Shakertown, Indiana where the farmers had previously taken their grain. Horses were used for power, grain was taken in pay, . . . Map (db m23307) HM
53Illinois (Crawford County), Palestine — Palestine, Illinois
This area reminded Frenchman John LaMotte of the land of milk and honey, Palestine. While a member of the LaSalle exploring party, he became separated from the group, traveled down the Wabash River, and first gazed upon the region in 1678. Other . . . Map (db m23328) HM
54Illinois (Crawford County), Palestine — United States Land Office
A United States Land Office was located at this site in 1820 and operated until 1855. Settlers from as far as Chicago came here to file on homesteads. Young Abraham Lincoln passing through Palestine in 1830 with his family in emigrant wagons . . . Map (db m23316) HM
55Illinois (DeKalb County), Shabbona — Shabbona
In the early 1800's Shabbona was a principal chief of the Ottowa, Potawatomi, and Chippewa group of tribes which banded together to form "The Three Fires." Shabbona camped briefly in a large grove one-half mile south of here. He fought with the . . . Map (db m31672) HM
56Illinois (DuPage County), Addison — Army Trail Road
This road followed an Indian trail that began in Chicago and went through DuPage, Kane, De Kalb, Boone, and Winnebago Counties to a Winnebago Village at Beloit, Wisconsin. In August, 1832, during the Black Hawk War, United States Army reinforcements . . . Map (db m47438) HM
57Illinois (DuPage County), Glen Ellyn — Stacy’s Tavern
Moses Stacy, soldier in the War of 1812, arrived here in 1835. This inn, built in 1846 and his second home, was a halfway stop between Chicago and the Fox River Valley and a probable stage stop for Rockford-Galena coaches. For many years the . . . Map (db m97573) HM
58Illinois (DuPage County), Naperville — Fort Payne
Near this site in 1832 a 100-foot square stockade enclosed by wooden pickets, with two blockhouses on diagonal corners, was built. Here Captain Morgan L. Payne and his company of forty-five men protected the settlers from roaming Sauk Indians during . . . Map (db m97574) HM
59Illinois (Edgar County), Chrisman — Pontiac Peace Treaty
A few miles west of here on July 18, 1765, Pontiac, an Ottawa Chief, and George Croghan, British Representative, met in a formal peace council which ended the most threatening Indian uprising against the British in North America. Following the . . . Map (db m10997) HM
60Illinois (Edgar County), Paris — Zion's Camp MarchThrough Edgar County
In 1834, Joseph Smith, prophet of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (LDS), together with about 200 LDS Volunteers from Kirtland, Ohio, marched to assist threatened church members in Jackson County, Missouri. Called “Zion’s . . . Map (db m23351) HM
61Illinois (Edgar County), Scottland — Thy Wonderous Story, Illinois
The fertile prairies in Illinois attracted the attention of French fur trader Louis Jolliet and Father Jacques Marquette as they explored the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers in 1673. France claimed this region until 1763 when she surrendered it to . . . Map (db m131294) HM
62Illinois (Edwards County), Albion — Abraham Lincoln
Spoke in the oak grove of General William Pickering north of here in the presidential campaign of 1840. He was stumping southern Illinois as a Whig elector for General William Henry Harrison in the Tippecanoe and Tyler Too Campaign. In 1861 . . . Map (db m154578) HM
63Illinois (Edwards County), Albion — Wanborough, Illinois
The former village of Wanborough, Illinois, was established in August 1818 by English settler and entrepreneur Morris Birkbeck. A center of commerce for his fellow countrymen emigrating to the English settlement in Edwards County, Wanborough once . . . Map (db m177846) HM
64Illinois (Fayette County), Vandalia — Cumberland Road
Vandalia was the western terminus of the Cumberland or National Road which extended eighty feet wide for 591 miles from Cumberland, Maryland through Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Indiana. Illinois construction by the Federal Government began in 1811 and . . . Map (db m42345) HM
65Illinois (Fayette County), Vandalia — First State Capitol1820 - 1823
The first capitol building owned by the State was erected on this site. It was a thirty by forty feet two-story frame structure. The Second and Third Illinois General Assemblies met here, the House on the first floor and the Senate on the second. . . . Map (db m42366) HM
66Illinois (Fayette County), Vandalia — Flack's Hotel
In 1836 Colonel Abner Flack took over the large three-story frame building which stood here and operated it under the name Vandalia Inn. In 1853-1854 it was the headquarters for Chief Engineer Charles F. Jones, in charge of construction of the . . . Map (db m42347) HM
67Illinois (Fayette County), Vandalia — House of Divine WorshipErected in 1823
The Illinois General Assembly donated five lots in Vandalia to promote the construction of a church for the use of all denominations. The forty-five by sixty feet one-story frame structure erected in the summer of 1823 was used primarily by the . . . Map (db m42340) HM
68Illinois (Fayette County), Vandalia — Old State Cemetery
The Illinois General Assembly authorized Governor Edward Coles in 1823 to convey to Vandalia one and one-half acres for a state burial ground. Here were buried four members of the legislature and several state officials who died while in office. . . . Map (db m42371) HM
69Illinois (Fayette County), Vandalia — Public Printer
This is the site of a two-story frame building occupied by Robert Blackwell, State Printer 1818-1832, and publisher of the Laws of the United States. In 1823 he became publisher of the Illinois Intelligencer newspaper. The first periodical in . . . Map (db m42348) HM
70Illinois (Fayette County), Vandalia — Robert K. McLaughlin Home
On this site lived Robert K. McLaughlin, State Treasurer 1820-1823, State Senator 1828-1832, 1836-1837, and Register of the United States Land Office 1837-1845. Here the Governors of Illinois resided when the Legislature was in session. The . . . Map (db m42339) HM
71Illinois (Fayette County), Vandalia — Second State Capitol1824 - 1836
The second state capitol owned by the State was a two-story brick building erected here in 1824, using the walls of the first State Bank which burned January 28, 1823. Abraham Lincoln was a member of the House in the 1834-1835 and 1835-1836 . . . Map (db m42351) HM
72Illinois (Fayette County), Vandalia — Site of Blackwell's White House
Colonel Robert Blackwell's new two-story frame store and boarding house opened on this site in time for the convening of the Ninth General Assembly on December 1, 1834. He advertised board and lodging for 'thirty or forty.'Map (db m144303) HM
73Illinois (Fayette County), Vandalia — Site of Ernst Hotel
Here stood a two-story log building erected in 1819 for Ferdinand Ernst who brought the German colony to Vandalia. Named Union Hall, it was operated as a hotel. After Ernst's death in 1823 it was managed by E.M. Townsend, and from April 1825 by . . . Map (db m42363) HM
74Illinois (Fayette County), Vandalia — Third State CapitolErected in 1836
The third capitol building owned by the state was restored as a memorial in 1933. It was the capitol from December 3, 1836 to July 4, 1839. Abraham Lincoln was a member of the House during the three sessions of the legislature held in this . . . Map (db m42346) HM
75Illinois (Ford County), Guthrie — Miner Grade School
One-room schoolhouses in Illinois date from the 1855 free school law, which gave local townships the incentive to create school districts with elected boards that could levy taxes to support the schools and pay teachers. It is estimated Illinois . . . Map (db m176682) HM
76Illinois (Ford County), Paxton — The Ottawa Travel Road - Ten Mile Grove
The Ottawa Travel Road begins in Danville. Of prehistoric origin it was used until the early 1850's. It wandered northwest following higher ground, fording streams and detouring around seasonal obstructions. Here at Ten Mile Grove it divided, one . . . Map (db m157152) HM
77Illinois (Franklin County), Benton — Home of John & Mary Logan 1856-1861
John A. Logan 1826-1886, U.S. Representative 1859-1862, 1867-1871 Civil War General 1861-1865, U.S. Senator, 1871-1877, 1879-1886; Vice presidential Candidate with James Blaine 1884. He established Memorial Day as a National holiday in 1868. John . . . Map (db m154532) HM
78Illinois (Franklin County), Benton — The First Beatle In AmericaGeorge Harrison
In the late summer of 1963, four musicians from Liverpool, England — John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr — collectively known as the Beatles, were poised to conquer pop culture and music history. With three hit . . . Map (db m166711) HM
79Illinois (Fulton County), Lewistown — Lewistown Trail
Lewistown Trail, from Springfield to Galena via Lewistown, was one of the main routes to the Galena Lead Mines from 1827 to 1837. The Trail crossed the Illinois River at Havana, where Ossian M. Ross, the founder of Lewistown, operated a ferry. He . . . Map (db m129216) HM
80Illinois (Gallatin County), New Haven — Boone's Mill
Jonathan Boone, an older brother of the famous pathfinder Daniel Boone, built a mill on this site about 1800. He was born in Pennsylvania in 1730 and died here about 1808. His son Joseph continued to operate the mill. In 1813 Joseph was named to . . . Map (db m177836) HM
81Illinois (Gallatin County), Old Shawneetown — Kaskaskia-Shawneetown and Goshen Trails
In 1816 Congress appropriated $8000 to survey and construct a road from Kaskaskia on the Mississippi to Shawneetown on the Ohio. It became an important East-West thoroughfare for settlers entering the Illinois Territory. At this point the Goshen . . . Map (db m154635) HM
82Illinois (Gallatin County), Old Shawneetown — Marshall House
This was the original site of the home of John Marshall, one of the founders and president of the Bank of Illinois, the first bank chartered by the Illinois Territorial Legislature. The charter was issued in 1816. The bank opened at Shawneetown in . . . Map (db m60312) HM
83Illinois (Gallatin County), Old Shawneetown — Rawlings' Hotel
One of Shawneetown's earliest brick buildings, Rawlings' Hotel, stood on this lot. It was built in 1821-1822 for Moses Rawlings, who owned until 1841. On May 7, 1825, it was the site of a reception held for the Marquis de Lafayette during his visit . . . Map (db m154634) HM
84Illinois (Gallatin County), Shawneetown — General Michael K. Lawler
Born in Ireland in 1814, Michael K. Lawler came here to Gallatin County in 1819. After serving as a captain in the Mexican War, he lived on his farm near here until the outbreak of the Civil War. In May 1861 he recruited the 18th Illinois Volunteer . . . Map (db m154627) HM
85Illinois (Gallatin County), Shawneetown — James Harrison Wilson
James H. Wilson, American Army officer, engineer, and author, was born in 1837 on his family's farm about a mile south of here. He attended Shawneetown schools, McKendree College, and the United States Military Academy. In the spring of 1864, during . . . Map (db m154626) HM
86Illinois (Greene County), Carrollton — Thomas Carlin
Thomas Carlin, sixth elected Governor of Illinois (1838-1842), was an early settler of Illinois and a prominent figure in organizing Greene County and establishing Carrollton as its county seat in 1821. Born in Kentucky in 1789, Carlin came to . . . Map (db m142746) HM
87Illinois (Grundy County), Diamond — The Diamond Mine Disaster
The Diamond Mine of the Wilmington Coal Mining and Manufacturing Company, located near Braidwood on the Grundy-Will County line, was the site of a major mine disaster in Illinois. The mine was on a marshy tract of land that had no natural . . . Map (db m6868) HM
88Illinois (Hancock County), Carthage — The "Old Jail"
In the old Carthage jail which stands one block south of here, Joseph and Hyrum Smith, Prophet and Patriarch of the Mormon Church were killed by a mob on June 27, 1844. Two years later the Mormons withdrew from Illinois, where they had settled in . . . Map (db m57872) HM
89Illinois (Hancock County), Hamilton — Welcome to Illinois
In 1673 the areas of the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers were explored by Frenchmen Louis Joliet and Father Jacques Marquette. Their voyages resulted in French claims on the area until 1763 when, by the Treaty of Paris, France ceded the land to . . . Map (db m55418) HM
90Illinois (Hancock County), Nauvoo — Historic Nauvoo
In 1839 the Mormons, or Latter Day Saints, settled at Nauvoo and made it their chief city. During their residence its population reached 15,000. After long friction with non-Mormons the Mormons were expelled in 1846. Three years later French . . . Map (db m55444) HM
91Illinois (Hancock County), Nauvoo — Nauvoo, Illinois
Nauvoo was once the site of a Sauk and Fox village. After the Indians moved west of the Mississippi, promoters attempted to develop town sites here but the marshy bottom lands attracted few settlers. In 1839, the Mormon Prophet Joseph Smith . . . Map (db m55432) HM
92Illinois (Hancock County), Nauvoo — The Icarian Community in Nauvoo
A communal society of French Icarians was established at Nauvoo in 1849. Led by Etienne Cabet, a French political theorist, the Icarians believed that all property must be held communally. The community was incorporated by the Illinois General . . . Map (db m55442) HM
93Illinois (Hardin County), Rosiclare — Fluorite Mining
Fluorite, the official Illinois state mineral, was discovered in 1839 by James Anderson while digging a well near Fairview Landing one half mile SW of this site. Fluorite was a waste product until the steel industry began using the mineral in their . . . Map (db m154632) HM
94Illinois (Henry County), Bishop Hill — Bishop Hill
Two miles north of here, religious dissident immigrants from Sweden founded the communal society of Bishop Hill in 1846. The charismatic Erik Jansson lead the society spiritually and temporally until 1850 when he was murdered. By 1854, a total of . . . Map (db m177481) HM
95Illinois (Iroquois County), Crescent City — Butterfield Trail
For many years Butterfield Trail was one of the main routes from East Central Illinois to the Chicago area. In 1831 Ben Butterfield marked out the rail from Danville to Lockport where he had settled the previous year. The trail crossed Spring Creek . . . Map (db m164819) HM
96Illinois (Jackson County), Ava — George Rogers Clark Campsite
In the third year of the American War for Independence, Lt. Col. George Rogers Clark and his army of 170 Virginia volunteers camped 5 miles southeast of here. On July 2, 1778, Clark made the fourth of five camps on his march from Fort Massac to . . . Map (db m161442) HM
97Illinois (Jackson County), Carbondale — Carbondale College & Southern Illinois College
The evolution of Southern Illinois University began here in 1856 when Presbyterians founded Carbondale College. Suffering hardships during the Civil War, the college was sold to the First Christian Church in the mid 1860s and renamed Southern . . . Map (db m161077) HM
98Illinois (Jackson County), Carbondale — Daniel Harmon Brush
On April 23, 1861, eleven days after Confederates fired on Fort Sumter, the cofounder of Carbondale, Daniel Harmon Brush, called a public meeting on this town square. Brush delivered a patriotic speech in support of the Union. Two days later, Brush . . . Map (db m161965) HM
99Illinois (Jackson County), Carbondale — Woodlawn Cemetery Memorial Day Celebration
On April 29, 1866, over 200 veterans and several thousand citizens gathered at Woodlawn Cemetery to honor those who had died in the Civil War. General John A. Logan delivered the keynote address, saying "Every man's life belongs to his country, and . . . Map (db m161076) HM
100Illinois (Jackson County), Murphysboro — Company H 27th Illinois Infantry
In July 1861, J.D. Wheatley of Duquoin wrote Illinois Governor Richard Yates that a Confederate company was drilling in Murphysboro. A Union officer sent to investigate discovered a group of men in uniforms made of red and white bed ticking drilling . . . Map (db m160953) HM

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Sep. 28, 2021