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Former U.S. Presidents: #15 James Buchanan Historical Markers
By William Fischer, Jr.
United States Commanders in Chief Markers
[Written on the initial marker, provided for context]
Our Constitution names the President of the United States the Commander in Chief of all the Armed Forces. Presidents who have served in our military are displayed on the following . . . — — Map (db m92389) HM WM|
The Organic Act creating the Territory of Colorado was signed by President Buchanan on February 26, 1861. The act carved from the territories of Kansas, Nebraska, Utah and New Mexico the 104,247 square miles that became the 38th state in 1876. . . . — — Map (db m119436) HM|
Since Meridian Hill Park opened in 1936, Washingtonians from the diverse neighborhoods surrounding the park have gathered here for performances, community events, and political protest.
When tens of thousands of people flocked to Washington, . . . — — Map (db m156670) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m24150) HM|
Buchanan was our only bachelor president and relied upon his orphaned niece, Harriet Lane, to act as his First Lady during his years in the White House (1857 to 1861). In her estate, Harriet Lane Johnson made a bequest to fund a memorial to her . . . — — Map (db m156671) HM|
|Noted landscape architects George Burnap and Horace Peaslee, who worked in the Office of Public Buildings and Grounds, designed Meridian Hill Park under the guidance of the Commission of Fine Arts. By 1914, Burnap had completed his basic design: a . . . — — Map (db m63952) HM|
Long a Georgetown landmark, this building was occupied from 1826 by Miss Lydia English's Georgetown Female Seminary, whose patrons and frequent visitors included Martin Van Buren, James Buchanan, Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, Andrew Johnson, . . . — — Map (db m97727) HM|
Wealthy industrialist Andrew Carnegie donated funds to build the Beaux Arts-style building you see across the street to your left, the city’s first public library. The Central Library opened in 1903 with 12,412 books by its predecessor, the . . . — — Map (db m152394) HM|
Joshua Tennison's Hotel 1818. John Strother 1821. Basil Williamson 1824. Frederick Barnard 1828. Proprietor of Mansion Hotel, Azariah Fuller American House 1833. City Hotel 1843. Willard's Hotel 1847-1901.
Distinguished Guests . . . — — Map (db m6618) HM|
The Woodley Park neighborhood that is now home to several thousand residents as well as the National Zoo was once sparsely settled countryside. The farmhouse shown here, known as Redwood, was built around 1819 on a hill that rose 40 feet above . . . — — Map (db m67828) HM|
The neighborhood of Woodley Park owes its name to the Woodley estate of Philip Barto Key (1767-1815). Key, uncle of Francis Scott Key, who wrote “Star Spangled Banner”, was an officer on the British side during the Revolutionary War. . . . — — Map (db m87469) HM|
|This County, created by Act of the Legislature Jan. 26, 1856, is named for Gen. Hugh A. Haralson, Member of Congress and Chairman of the Committee on Military Affairs during the Mexican War. The County Site is named for James Buchanan, last . . . — — Map (db m11177) HM|
|In this cemetery are buried the following eminent Georgians:
JOHN MILLEDGE (1757-1818), Revolutionary officer, Congressman, Governor (1802-1806). He gave the land on which the University of Georgia is built.
GEORGE WALKER CRAWFORD . . . — — Map (db m14871) HM|
|First called Lexington, Shoals was the site of what was probably the first woolen mill and iron foundry in Georgia. In 1794, Col. William Bird, Revolutionary soldier from Pennsylvania, and Benjamin A. Hamp bought several thousand acres of land . . . — — Map (db m37372) HM|
| Alexander Sympson knew Lincoln when they were small boys in Kentucky. Like Lincoln, he moved to Illinois in the 1830's, and arrived in Carthage in early 1844, just as contention with the Mormons was peaking. In 1858 Sympson was the most . . . — — Map (db m57869) HM|
| The Gregarious General Isaac B. Curran was a prominent citizen in Lincoln's Springfield. His store here on the south side of the square was a popular gathering place for Lincoln's political opponents. Curran arrived as a young silversmith from . . . — — Map (db m48740) HM|
Born in New Hampshire and a veteran of the War of 1812, Governor Cass was a skilled maker of treaties.
In 1831 President Andrew Jackson appointed Governor Cass Secretary of War. He later served as Minister to France.
In the mid 1840's, . . . — — Map (db m76578) HM|
| In 1855 the new town of Lecompton was named the capital of Kansas Territory. President James Buchanan appointed a governor and officials to establish government offices in Lecompton, and construction began on an elegant capitol building. In the . . . — — Map (db m50755) HM|
|In 1855, the new town of Lecompton was named the capital of Kansas Territory. President James Buchanan appointed a governor and officials to establish government offices in Lecompton, and construction began on an elegant capitol building. In the . . . — — Map (db m88763) HM|
|This famous stagecoach stop on the old Louisville & Nashville Turnpike was built ca. 1797 by James Young, founder of West Point, Ky. At this inn John James Audubon wrote about seeing large flocks of passenger pigeons. Jenny Lind stopped here briefly . . . — — Map (db m122121) HM|
|Samuel Casey, 1788-1859, Treasurer of the United States, 1853-59, under Presidents Pierce and Buchanan. He resided 1811-1859 in Caseyville, three miles west. Elected clerk of Circuit and County Courts; later, 1830-32, member of the State Senate. — — Map (db m123922) HM|
|John Slidell was an American politician and diplomat. Born in New York City in 1793, he later moved to New Orleans, where he practiced law from 1819 to 1835. He married Mathilde Deslonde, a member of a respected family. A member of the state House . . . — — Map (db m103417) HM|
Constructed facing the Kennebec River in 1799 by Arthur Lithgow, this majestic Federal style dwelling in 1807 became home to Reuel Williams, one of Augusta's most prominent nineteenth century citizen. The 14-room house featured an octagonal . . . — — Map (db m110889) HM|
|The home of John A. J. Creswell who nominated James Buchanan for President in 1856 and turned Republican in 1861. He was successively Assistant-Adjutant General of Maryland, member of the House of Representatives, Senator and Postmaster by . . . — — Map (db m145436) HM|
|At the dedication of the Roger Brooke Taney Bust in Frederick on September 26, 1931, Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes concluded that “it is unfortunate that the estimate of Chief Justice Taney’s judicial labors should have been so largely . . . — — Map (db m103772) HM|
Hagerstown appoints Richard Sheaby and Allen Barber as police constables. Two additional posts are filled in 1842.
The Franklin Railroad begins service between Hagerstown and Harrisburg. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad . . . — — Map (db m146001) HM|
| Union House / Chandler Hotel The Union House opened as a hotel in 1846. Two Presidents slept here, including James K. Polk, the 11th President, who stayed during a trip through the Northeastern part of the country. He was joined by his . . . — — Map (db m136695) HM|
|The only resident of Kalamazoo to be elected governor of Michigan during its first 150 years, Epaphroditus Ransom lived and farmed on this site. Born in Massachusetts in 1796, Ransom came to Michigan in 1834. An attorney, he soon became the area’s . . . — — Map (db m74527) HM|
|This town site, named after President Buchanan, was laid out in October 1856. From September 1857 until May 1859 the place though little less than wilderness, was the seat of the U.S. Land Office for the Northeastern District of Minnesota. After the . . . — — Map (db m43806) HM|
|Home of Simeon B. Jewett
Political leader, jurist, partner of Henry R. Selden, U.S. Marshal, Northern N.Y. under President Buchanan. — — Map (db m65368) HM|
|Asa Biggs (1811-1878), a prominent North Carolina politician and jurist, and his wife, Martha, built this Federal and Greek Revival—style house and lived here from 1835 to 1862. Biggs practiced law from his office just across Smithwick Street. . . . — — Map (db m152853) HM|
|When it opened May 30, 1850, the 340-room hotel located on this site was considered one of the finest hotels in the world. Abraham Lincoln stayed here on September 17-18, 1859, while campaigning for the Ohio Republican Party. Lincoln also stayed at . . . — — Map (db m98117) HM|
|A mass meeting was held December 27th, 1860 to protest against removing war munitions from the Allegheny Arsenal to the south. The order was countermanded by President James Buchanan. — — Map (db m66450) HM|
|Medicinal values of these springs discovered about 1796. It soon became a leading resort visited by numerous notables. James Buchanan used the Springs as his summer White House while President. — — Map (db m13992) HM|
| These three buildings are the three oldest structures on campus. Together they form Dickinson’s Historic Triangle.
West College, “Old West”, to your left
West College was designed in 1803 by Benjamin Latrobe, the architect . . . — — Map (db m152465) HM|
|West College – known affectionately as Old West – traces its roots to February 1803, when the college’s main building burned to the ground after four years of costly construction. In a bind, the college trustees appealed for help. . . . — — Map (db m35322) HM|
|Formed on September 9, 1784 from Cumberland County and named for Benjamin Franklin. Site of Falling Spring, noted limestone trout stream. Birthplace of James Buchanan, 15th President of the United States. Chambersburg, county seat, was laid out 1764. — — Map (db m2142) HM|
| “To secure for the purpose of a site for a monument . . . an acre or more of ground at Stony Batter, near Mercersburg, Pennsylvania, the birth place of my uncle James Buchanan, and thereon to erect a suitable monument with proper . . . — — Map (db m58648) HM|
| This monument marks the birthplace of James Buchanan, fifteenth President of the United States Born 23 April 1791 Died 1 June 1868 — — Map (db m58641) HM|
|President 1857 – 1861. Was born April 23, 1791, a half-mile from here. The cabin itself was moved to Mercerburg, 1850, and in 1925 to Chambersburg. In 1953, it was removed to The Mercerburg Academy campus where it may be seen. — — Map (db m58635) HM|
| “It is a rugged but romantic spot, and the mountain and mountain stream under the scenery captivating. I have warm attachments for it . . . ”James Buchanan on Stony Batter The Buchanans enjoyed living on the edge of the . . . — — Map (db m58653) HM|
| “The incorruptible statesman whose walk was upon the mountain ranges of the law.” Life long friend Jermiah S. Black U.S. Attorney General 1857-1860, U.S. Secretary of State 1860-1861 This park commemorates the . . . — — Map (db m58657) HM|
|To Stony Batter the birthplace of James Buchanan ← James Buchanan ---------------------- Born April 23, 1791.Passed his school-boy days in Mercersburg, became a lawyer, member of legislature and of Congress, Minister to Russia, member of . . . — — Map (db m58659) HM|
| Imagine stepping back in time to April 23, 1791. Packhorses and wagons were pulling into a bustling trading post owned by Scotch-Irish immigrant James Buchanan. There was probably a spring chill to the air. Perhaps the sun shone brightly overhead, . . . — — Map (db m58655) HM|
|James Buchanan, lawyer, statesman, diplomat, 15th President of the U.S., born in Stony Batter, lived here 1796-1807. Sgt. Patrick Gass, carpenter for winter quarters on the Lewis & Clark expedition, 1803-06, worked here as an apprentice, 1794-95. — — Map (db m8016) HM|
|Built c. 1798 and used as a dormitory of Marshall College, the "Old Mansion House" was acquired by Col. Murphy in 1845 who managed it as a prominent hotel until 1864. It was rumored to be a station on the underground railroad.
Soon to be . . . — — Map (db m8041) HM|
|James Buchanan, a Representative and a Senator from Pennsylvania and the 15th President of the United States; born at Cove Gap, near Mercersburg, Franklin County, Pa., April 23, 1791; moved to Mercersburg, Pa. with his parents in 1796; was privately . . . — — Map (db m8036) HM|
|Passed his schoolboy days in Mercersburg, became a lawyer, member of the legislature and of Congress, Minister to Russia, member of the United States Senate, Secretary of State, Minister to Great Britian and fifteenth President of the United States. . . . — — Map (db m58661) HM|
|Built by Thomas Lane. Was later occupied by the family of Elliott Lane, a brother. Here, Harriet Lane, niece of James Buchanan, and mistress of the White House during his Presidency, was born. — — Map (db m8018) HM|
| 1796 – 1829 — — Map (db m58690) HM|
|Carved out of a remote wilderness, McConnellsburg served the flood of travelers heading west in the late 18th century. Taverns, like the Fulton House, sprang up all along the packhorse trail from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh.
Whether by foot, on . . . — — Map (db m19557) HM|
|Congregation traces its origin to 1742. The first regular pastor was Rev. John D. Woodhull, Revolutionary patriot. First building completed here in 1770; present edifice dedicated 1851. James Buchanan, 15th President of the U.S., was a member. — — Map (db m122389) HM|
In 1853 James Buchanan, president of the Board of Trustees and later the fifteenth president of the United States, chose this as the site of the newly merged Franklin & Marshall College. The College Building, which became known as Old Main in the . . . — — Map (db m157472) HM|
|Lawyer, statesman, diplomat, and fifteenth President of United States, lies buried in this cemetery, about 350 yards southeast. His home, Wheatland, located on Marietta Avenue, is marked with a bronze tablet. — — Map (db m5117) HM|
|President of the United States 1857 – 1861 Given in memory by Dulon F. Buchmiller — — Map (db m54356) HM|
|Fifteenth President of the United States, lies buried at Woodward Hill Cemetery located five blocks to the south on Queen Street. — — Map (db m84451) HM|
|James Buchanan Home has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the United . . . — — Map (db m54353) HM|
| At the root of Lancaster City's history, one major element is consistent...diversity. In the mid 1700s, the first citizens were from a variety of ethnic and religious backgrounds — German, Scots-Irish, and English.
❖ German . . . — — Map (db m136450) HM|
|Since its establishment in 1730, Lancaster City has been a bustling, vibrant community with a rich history. Founded by James Hamilton, an English businessman, the city was designed to be the county seat, with a Courthouse placed in the center of . . . — — Map (db m5201) HM|
|Associate Judge of Lancaster County
Member of Legislature
Delegate to State Convention which
Ratified the Constitution of
the United States
Ironmaster of Lancaster County
Warden and Vestryman of St. James Church
Father of Ann - Buried . . . — — Map (db m5210) HM|
|The home of James Buchanan, statesman, diplomat and the fifteenth President of the United States (1857-61), is located on Marietta Avenue, seven blocks south. Buchanan maintained Wheatland as his home from 1848 until he died there on June 1, 1868. — — Map (db m157225) HM|
|Home of President James Buchanan from 1849 to his death is a few blocks away. Statesman and diplomat, as Member of Congress, U.S. Senator, Secretary of State and Minister to England. Elected President in 1856. — — Map (db m157226) HM|
|In the Musical Fund Hall here in June 1856, John C. Frémont was nominated for President of the U.S. He lost the election to James Buchanan. Formed in 1854, the Republican Party opposed the extension of slavery; Lincoln was its first nominee elected . . . — — Map (db m81986) HM|
Brig. Gen. McCalmont was a Franklin attorney whose law office was at this location. He was the Assistant Attorney General under President James Buchanan, serving from 1858 through 1861. In 1862, as a Captain in the Union Army, he . . . — — Map (db m138137) HM|
|Morris Island, across the water directly in front of you, was the scene of the Civil War's first hostile cannon fire, preceding even the bombardment of Fort Sumter. By January 1861, Union troops occupying For Sumter were surrounded by Southern . . . — — Map (db m30724) HM|
|This house was the birthplace of Lucy P. Holcombe Pickens (June 11, 1832 - Aug. 8, 1899), a noted beauty of ante-bellum days and the most famous person born in La Grange. Mrs. Pickens is the only woman whose likeness has appeared on American . . . — — Map (db m37276) HM|
|Tennessee State Senator 1821 - 1825
Tennessee State Representative 1831 - 1833
U.S. Congressman 1839 - 1845
Governor of Tennessee 1845 - 1847
Postmaster General of the United States 1857 - 1859
Born in Brunswick County, Virginia August . . . — — Map (db m151140) HM|
|Edward Fitzgerald “Ned” Beale was a significant figure in 19th century America. In his long career, he was a naval officer, military general, explorer, diplomat, rancher and frontiersman. He fought in the U.S. - Mexico War, emerging as a . . . — — Map (db m93344) HM|
Forbes Britton (1812-1861), a Virginian and graduate of the U.S. Military Academy, came to Corpus Christi as an army captain in Mexican War, 1846. He returned as a civilian, and with his wife Rebecca (Millard) had this classical revival house . . . — — Map (db m118375) HM|
| Buchanan County. Formed in 1858 from Tazewell and Russell and named for James Buchanan, President of the United States, 1857–1861.
Kentucky. The first permanent settlement was made at Harrodsburg in 1774. Kentucky County was . . . — — Map (db m89744) HM|
|By 1967, when the photograph below was taken, Sterling had grown from a railroad stop known as Guilford to a large residential development. Beginning in 1860, the station served local farmers. Trains carried grain, produce, and dairy products to . . . — — Map (db m20146) HM|
| Buchanan County. Area 514 square miles. Formed in 1858 from Tazewell and Russell, and named for James Buchanan, President of the United States, 1857–1861.
Russell County. Area 496 square miles. Formed in 1786 from . . . — — Map (db m104942) HM|
|In 1773, the Rev. Charles Cummings became
the first minister of the Sinking Spring
Presbyterian congregation, among the
earliest in Southwest Virginia, and the first
meetinghouse was soon constructed here of
logs. The earliest marked grave in . . . — — Map (db m104672) HM|
|Built this home in 1837 on a 1000-acre tract, and laid out the town of Glenville in 1845. As a member of the Virginia Assembly, he urged the building of the Parkersburg-Staunton Turnpike. As a Congressman, in 1842, Hays appointed Thomas Jonathan . . . — — Map (db m17557) HM|
|Built in 1834-1835 by Stephen Henderson First Summer White House Occupied by Martin Van Buren John Tyler Millard Fillmore Franklin Pierce James Buchanan — — Map (db m85210) HM|
|On the night of September 13-14, 1814, an artillery soldier named Francis Scott Key watched as the British attacked Fort McHenry. With bombs bursting mid-air, and in dawn’s early light, the American flag remained. Key was so inspired by the sight, . . . — — Map (db m117934) HM|
One of only three significant engagements of the Utah War, the incident at Simpson's Hollow played a key role in the conflict. The Utah War (1857-1858) was the result of a lack of communication between the U.S. Government and the Utah Territory . . . — — Map (db m67038) HM|
A Legacy of Distrust
In 1857, the Buchanan Administration faced a series of national challenges. Civil war loomed on the horizon, the New York stock market was in trouble, Federal troops were sent to quash unrest in Kansas and Washington . . . — — Map (db m67041) HM|