“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Hawaii

First Christian Service in Hawaii Marker is missing image, Touch for more information
By Barry Swackhamer, August 31, 2017
First Christian Service in Hawaii Marker is missing
1 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Captain Cook — First Christian Service in Hawaii
In this heiau January-28-1779 Captain James Cook, R.N. Read the English Burial Service over William Whitman, Seaman the first recorded Christian service in the Hawaiian Islands Map (db m110794) HM
2 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Captain Cook — In Memory of Captain James Cook, R.N.
Marker panel on obelisk (1874): In Memory of the great circumnavigator Captain James Cook, R.N. who discovered these islands on the 18th of January, 1770 and fell near this spot on the 14th of February, 1779. . . . Map (db m72497) HM
3 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Hilo — Hilo -- Pu'u'ō'ō Trail (Ka'ūmana Trail)Daniel K. Inouye Highway
Hilo -- Pu'u'ō'ō trail was built atop the 1855 lava flow and was used to travel by horse of foot to Pu'u'ō'ō Ranch and Humu'ula. It approximates the route of earlier prehistoric trails. Much of the trail traverses smooth . . . Map (db m110793) HM
4 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Hilo — Hilo Bay: In the days of Kamehameha
(Legend to Points of Interest to on the Hilo Bay map:) ➊ Kānoe Heiau Kānoe Heiau was one of six major lauakini or sacrificial heiau on the island of Hawai'i dating back to ancient times. ➋ Naha . . . Map (db m111236) HM
5 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Hilo — Hilo Town Plantation Bell Tower
Dedicated to the memory of the people who have contributed to the growth of the Big Island, its economy and its culture through their work on our many island plantations. This bell originally served the Hakalau Sugar Company.Map (db m111115) HM
6 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Hilo — Kamehameha at Hilo Bay
Kamehameha the Great was born in the 1750s and rose to become one of the most important figures in Hawaiian history. He lived during a period of great transition in Hawaiian society, having witnessed the arrival of the first Westerners when he was . . . Map (db m111235) HM
7 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Hilo — Lyman House Memorial
The home of David Belden Lyman and Sarah Joiner Lyman Missionaries of the A.B.C.F.M. to the Hawaiian People Built in 1839Map (db m111116) HM
8 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Hilo — Mo'oheau Park and BandstandHilo's Historic Gathering Place
Mo'oheau Park was established in the early 1900's as a place for community gatherings and youth activities. The first bandstand was dedicated near the current site in 1905. The land and the original bandstand were said to have been donated by . . . Map (db m111233) HM
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9 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Hilo — Pu'u'ō'ō - Volcano TrailDaniel K. Inouye Highway
The historic ala hele (trail) follows a likely prehistoric route. It begins a Pu'u'ō'ō to the north, a hill named for the now-extinct black and yellow 'ō'ō bird who's feathers were once collected in this region. As ranching . . . Map (db m110857) HM
10 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Hilo — Saddle House - Hale Noho LioDaniel K. Inouye Highway
Well before sheep and cattle ranching took hold in the second half of the nineteenth century, these rugged 'āina mauna, mountain lands, were traveled for collecting birds and rock or for religious purposes. Rock from Maunakea adze quarries at . . . Map (db m111118) HM
11 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Hilo — The Spiritual Power of Stones
Traditions tell us that the larger Naha Stone was brought by canoe to Hilo from the chiefly valley of Wailua on Kaua'i by Chief Makali'inuikuakawaiea centuries ago. The stone had a place of honor at one of several heiau in Hilo and was said . . . Map (db m111114) HM
12 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Hilo — Waiakea Social Settlement Clock
The Waiakea Social Settlement clock was refurbished and re-erected on this original concrete stand by the Waiakea Pirates Athletic Club in May, 1984. It is one of the few landmarks that withstood the destruction on Waiakea Town by the tsunami of May . . . Map (db m110924) HM
13 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Hilo — Waiakea Town (Yashijima)
Waiakea Town, or Yashijima, was a close-knit, vibrant community which occupied what is known today as Banyan Drive. The golf course and park that you see today was once filled with homes, businesses and Waiakea Kai School, all of which provided the . . . Map (db m110928) HM
14 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Honaunau — Pu‘uhona O Hōnaunau - Place of Refuge
This ancient Hawaii Sanctuary (Puuhonua) was preserved through the foresight of Charles R. Bishop who added it to the Bishop Estate. With the cooperation of the State of Hawaii, the trustees of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Estate have dedicated it to . . . Map (db m2981) HM
15 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — A Sanctuary for Humpback WhalesHawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary — Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park —
The sanctuary lies within the shallow, warm waters surrounding the main Hawaiian Islands and is one of the world’s most important humpback whale habitats. Most of the North Pacific humpback whale population migrates nearly 3,000 miles to Hawaiian . . . Map (db m72000)
16 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — Ahu'ena Heiau
Upon this paepae (stone platform) is a representation of Ahu;ena Heiau. Restored by Kamehameha I upon the unification of the pae'aina (island chain), he rededicated Ahu'ena to Lono, the god of peace and prosperity. The Hale O Lono (House of Lono) . . . Map (db m110669) HM
17 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — Ala LoaState Site 10942 Ka'ūpūlehu Ahupua'a
You are walking along a segment of the ala loa (long path), a Hawaiian foot trail that linked settlement areas along the coast from Kealakekua to Kawaihae. This segment of the trail was also identified as a traditional route for the huaka'i pō, . . . Map (db m110501) HM
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18 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — Ala Mauka MakaiMountain-Ocean Trail — Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park —
This trail cuts across Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park, passing sites that represent many of the values for which this park was created, such as a malama ka aina, caring for the land. This was a place where Hawaiian families lived, values . . . Map (db m72001) HM
19 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — Birthplace of Kauikeaouli, Kamehameha III1814 - 1854 Reported permanently removed
Kauikeaouli was born within this enclosure March 17, 1814 the second son of Kamehameha I and Keopuolani. His reign (1825-1854) was the longest in the history of the Kingdom. While a minor, his kingdom knew the firm regency of Queen Ka'ahumanu, . . . Map (db m172848) HM
20 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — Discovering Kaloko-HonokohauKaloko-Honokohau National Historic Park
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park celebrates the indigenous people of Hawaii. It penetrates deep into Hawaiian antiquity by preserving evidence of a thousand years of society. It links the touched with the heartfelt, transcending the . . . Map (db m71999) HM
21 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — Habitation Site
This archaeological site contains several residential and food storage features, and was first occupied on a temporary basis during the early 1800s. Fishing and collecting marine resources was the primary economic activity for residents of this . . . Map (db m110504) HM
22 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — Hawaiian Trail
This is a portion of an ala loa (long path) or ala kahakai (a more recent term meaning trail by the sea) that follows the coastline. The Hawaiians of old used it to connect communities for socializing and exchanging goods, as well as to arrive at . . . Map (db m110506) HM
23 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — Honokohau Settlement
Honokohau Settlement has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935. This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the United . . . Map (db m4248) HM
24 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — Hula KahikoLark Grey Dimond-Crates — Bronze, 1997 —
These three dancers convey the grace and power of Hula Kahiko, the ancient dance of Hawai'i. The flow of their skirts and the harmony of their movements capture the rhythm of the dance which highlighted many sacred and ceremonial occasions. Just . . . Map (db m190119) HM
25 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — Hulihe‘e Palace
Hulihe‘e Palace was built in 1838 by Governor John Adams Kuakini, a companion of Kamehahena I and one of the first Chiefs to take up western ways. Built of coral lava rock and a native woods, it was handsomely furnished. Hulihe'e became . . . Map (db m302) HM
26 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — Hulihe‘e Palace / Moku‘aikaua Church
Hulihe‘e Palace Construction of Hulihe‘e Palace was completed in 1838. Hulihe‘e was the gracious residence of Governor John Adams Kuakini and a favorite retreat for Hawai‘i’s royal families. Kuakini oversaw the construction of both . . . Map (db m39424) HM
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27 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — Imu Fishing Area
In the shallow water flat of Ka'ūpūlehu Beach a special fishing technique was used by Hawaiians during rough water conditions. Stone piles (imu) were constructed as shelters to attract fish. These piles were then dismantled as nets were . . . Map (db m110582) HM
28 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — Kamakahonu
Home of Kamehameha I, founder of the Hawaiian Kingdom, from 1812 until his death. Here he built his residence, storehouses and fishponds and remodeled 'Ahu'ena Heiau, a temple of great antiquity. When he died here May 8 1819, his son Liholiho was . . . Map (db m110592) HM
29 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — Kamakahonu / Kailua Pier
Kamakahonu After uniting the Hawaiian kingdom, Kamehameha I returned to rule from his compound at Kamakahonu (lit. eye of the turtle) from 1812 until his death in 1819. 'Ahu'ena Heiau, the religious temple that served Kamehameha was rebuilt . . . Map (db m110665) HM
30 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — Ki'ope Pond
This sacred pond was built with lava rock and coral mortar in the mid 1800's. It once served as a bathhouse for the royal families. Fresh water empties into Ki’ ope pond through underground springs along the edges of the wall. Because of its rich . . . Map (db m123291) HM
31 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — Kuemanu Heiau
In the past, Hawaiian religious practices included the worship of many gods, both through individual and family rituals at small shrines and through larger community ceremonies at heiau (temples) such as this one. In 1819, King Kamehameha II . . . Map (db m110675) HM
32 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — Kumukea/Kumukēhu Point
This projection of land, more properly known by an older name, Kumukea Point, is a significant landmark of coastal Kekaha. The surface 'a'ā lava that covers this area is the result of the historic Ka'ūpūlehu Flow of 1801, which was . . . Map (db m110507) HM
33 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — Kupe'e Concentration
A prime habitat for kupe'e (Nerita polita) is located in a wave washed area of sand and basalt boulders along Ka'ūpūlehu Beach. This area is traditionally recognized for its dense concentration of kupe'e. These shellfish were collected . . . Map (db m110583) HM
34 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — Marine Life
When the first Polynesians landed in Hawai‘i, most of the life they found here was unique to this place. Organisms found only in one place are called endemic — and Hawai‘i has one of the highest rates of endemism on the planet. The first . . . Map (db m123294) HM
35 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — Niumalu Beach / Kailua Bay
Niumalu Beach Once a hub for canoeing, water gathering and some shipping, the fancy beach at Niumalu (lit. shade of the coconut tree), commonly known as Kanuha Beach, is sheltered by a sea wall that has protected beach-goers of over 100 . . . Map (db m110586) HM
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36 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — Offshore Ko'a Moi
Approximately 500 feet (150 meters) offshore of this location is a ko'a moi. Moi is Hawaiian for Treadfin (Polydactlus sexfilis), and ko'a is a fishing ground. This fishing spot was prized for its abundance of moi, which traditionally was a highly . . . Map (db m110585) HM
37 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — The First Hawaiian Christian
The first Hawaiian Christian, Henry Opukahaia, died at Cornwall, Conn. 1818 The first Christian missionaries to Hawaii, Bingham, Thurston, Whitney, landed at Kailua, April 12, 1820 with their Hawaiian comrades Hopu, . . . Map (db m39440) HM
38 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — The Lei MakersLark Grey Dimond-Crates — Bronze, 1997 —
In Hawai'i, the lei, a garland of flowers, coveys respect, love, friendship, and continuity of life. It may be created from a wide variety of local flora and is offered on many occasions calling for a special token. The giving of leis as a floral . . . Map (db m190121) HM
39 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — Waiulu Kīpuka
By virtue of being a named place, Waiulu was clearly known by the people of old. It is a place of note recounted by elders in the area. A hālau wa'a (canoe house) was located here, indicating a good landing. One of the important factors that . . . Map (db m110502) HM
40 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kailua-Kona — Waiulu Kīpuka
Despite the naturally arid conditions of the surrounding landscape, there a few sources of drinkable water within this part of coastal Kekaha. One of these is located a short distance inland from this location. It is known as Waiulu, which is . . . Map (db m110503) HM
41 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kapaau — 1st BN., 141st Infantry Regiment
To the 100/442nd Infantry Regiment With Deep Sincerity and Upmost Appreciation for The Gallant Fight to Effect Our Rescue After We Had Been Isolated for Seven Days 1st BN., 141st Infantry Regiment Biffontaine, France From . . . Map (db m110328) WM
42 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kawaihae — Pu'ukohola HeiauA Sacred Place Since Prehistoric Times
A heiau (temple) at Pu’ukohola was built long before Kamehameha started construction on the heiau that you see. This showed great vision and strategy on the part of the kahuna (priests). The heiau was physically very prominent and imposing on the . . . Map (db m71886) HM
43 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kawaihae — Pu'ukohola Heiau National Historic Site
Welcome to Pu’ukohola Heiau, one of the most famous heiau (temples) in the Hawaiian Islands. This heiau is an integral component of the traditional Hawaiian social, political, and religious systems, and a significant place in the history of King . . . Map (db m71874) HM
44 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kealakekua — Greenwell Store
Greenwell Store circa 1875 Has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Kona Heritage Store Greenwell Store est. ca. 1875 Kona Historical Society & . . . Map (db m123293) HM
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45 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Keauhou — Birthplace of KauikeaouliKamahameha III — 1814 - 1854 —
Kauikeaouli, the second son of Kamehameha I and Keōpūolani, was born within this enclosure. Stillborn, he was cleansed in the water of Ka'opa Spring at the edge of the bay and revived as he laid upon the large rock to the left. . . . Map (db m110292) HM
46 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Keauhou — Hale Mua
This archaeological site has been identified as a men's house associated with a person of chiefly rank who resided at the Lonoikamakahiki Residence. Hydration-Rind dating performed by the Bishop Museum indicated that the major portion of this site . . . Map (db m39410) HM
47 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Keauhou — Inikiwai Ku'ula Heiau
This archaeological site is known as the Inikiwai Heiau. It is sometimes known as the Pahe'ehe'e Ku'ula. Hawaiian Fishermen built these shrines on promontories along the seashore or near ponds and streams. These shrines are a place for . . . Map (db m39305) HM
48 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Keauhou — Kauikeaouli and Nāhi'ena'ena
Kauikeaouli and Nāhi'ena'ena An inscribed stone tablet commemorates the nearby birth site of Kauikeaouli who went on to rule Hawai'i as King Kamehameha III. His sister, Princess Nāhi'ena'ena, was also born in Keauhou about . . . Map (db m110300) HM
49 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Keauhou — Kauikeaouli, Kamehameha III
Son of Kamehameha I and Keōpūolani Born March 17, 1814 Died December 15, 1854 Ka Moi Lokomarkai Map (db m110296) HM
50 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Keauhou — Keauhou - Kahalu'u Heritage Corridor
Moku (island districts) were traditionally subdivided into smaller land wedges called ahupua'a. Generally, these ahupua'a extend from the mountain to the sea and contain all the resources needed for sustainable living. . . . Map (db m39438) HM
51 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Keauhou — Keauhou BayThe Kekahuna Legacy
Cultural historian Henry E.P. Kekahuna was born on Maui in 1881 when many ancient Hawaiian traditions were still in practice. He listened and learned the stories of old. He explored and mapped many areas throughout Hawai'i in the 1950s. His . . . Map (db m110310) HM
52 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Keauhou — Lonoikamakahiki Residence
This archaeological site is known as the Lonoikamakahiki Residence. It is believed that during different periods of time, four great Hawaiian kings lived at this site. These kings were Umi, Lonoikamakahiki, Kalaniopuu, and . . . Map (db m39409) HM
53 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Keauhou — Royal Center at Keauhou Bay
In the time of the ruler 'Umi-a-Liloa, 22 generations before the time of King Kamehameha I, the Royal Center moved away from Waipi'o in the island's northern region. As a result of this move, Royal Centers developed along Kona's leeward coast, By . . . Map (db m110308) HM
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54 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Keauhou — The Kamehameha Dynasty
The Kamehameha Dynasty As a young man, Kamehameha was a proven warrior and political strategist who rose to power with the support of the chiefs of Kona and unified the island of Hawai'i under his leadership in the late 1700a. He embraced . . . Map (db m110302) HM
55 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Kona — Mokuaikaua ChurchCongregational — Est. 1820 —
First Church in the Islands this building erected in 1836 model of brig "Thaddeus" on exhibit. Open Daily from dawn to dusk. Komo maiMap (db m190118) HM
56 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Laupahoehoe — Laupahoehoe Point
The Laupahoehoe we see now is very different from the Laupahoehoe of old. Laupahoehoe Point was a peaceful, Hawaian fishing village, untouched by missionaries and plantation life; the valley and the sea provided bountiful life. In the late 1800's . . . Map (db m94338) HM
57 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Mountain View — The 'Ōhi'a Wing will soon be home to the park's collection of artwork and artifacts
The 'Ōhi'a Wing was built by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) in 1932 (sic), and originally served as "Park Headquarters" for Hawaii National Park. Constructed in the classic Rustic Style, it was one of many projects that employed hundreds . . . Map (db m111042) HM
58 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Naalehu — Kauila and the Sea Turtles of Punalu'u
The mystical turtle, Kauila, makes her home in the Ka’u District at Punalu’u Bay. According to Hawaiian mythology, Kauila was empowered with the ability to turn herself from turtle into human form and would play with the children along the . . . Map (db m129454) HM
59 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Naalehu — South Point Complex
South Point Complex has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the provisions of the Historical Sites act of August 21st 1935. This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of United . . . Map (db m2314) HM
60 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Pāhoa — Hawaiians learned to survive on this harsh volcanic land
The residents of this area did the best they could to live and survive and make do with what they had. This was the only life they knew. - Samual Kaho'ohualana, Kama'aina (Native born resident) Hawaiians, native to these ahupua'a . . . Map (db m110974) HM
61 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Pāhoa — Mauna Ulu
On May 24, 1969, a series of lava fountains erupted from a fissure which extended roughly from Aloi to Alae craters. The fountains soon concentrated between the two craters. Mauna Ulu, a new lava shield, was forming. By mid-summer of 1970, lava . . . Map (db m111017) HM
62 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Pāhoa — Mokumanamana is a place of spiritual and geologic transition
As these massive volcanoes move away from the hot spot, they cease to erupt, and slowly erode to become atolls, lagoons, and expansive sholes of coral reef. The island of Mokumanamana rises from the sea about halfway along the island chain and . . . Map (db m111014) HM
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63 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Pāhoa — Nature's Untamed Forces Unite to Sculpt Sea Arches
Examine natures's creative handiwork, from the lava forged cliffs ma uka (uphill) of you, to the wave-battered Hōlei Sea Arch standing sentinel against the coastline. Sea arches, characterized as erosional remnants of a once-continuous sea . . . Map (db m111010) HM
64 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Pāhoa — Preserved within Pu'uloa are the stories and memories of the Native Hawaiian people
'Ano 'ai ke aloha ia 'oukou no ke kipa 'ana am i Pu'uloa. Hele mai a 'ike me ke aloha a me ka mahalo. With aloha, we welcome you to Pu'uloa - a place we honor and cherish. Please stay on the marked trail and boardwalk, for once this site and its . . . Map (db m110973) HM
65 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Pāhoa — The islands of Hawai'i begin here
'O ka lipolipo, 'o ka lipolipo In the unfathomable darkness, dark blue, and bottomless... Kumulipo, a Hawaiian creating chant, tells of the fiery beginnings of the earth that began in the primordial darkness of Pō. Just . . . Map (db m111011) HM
66 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Pāhoa — The spirit of Pu'uloa now surrounds you
Honor the profound importance of Pu'uloa and its petroglyphs holds for many native Hawaiians - the past, present, and the future. Respect that importance by staying on the boardwalks so that their stories may live forever. Ancient . . . Map (db m110976) HM
67 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Pāhoa — These simple impressions embody the essence of Pu'uloa
We come to Pu'uloa because we want what's best for our keiki (children). Pu'uloa holds two of my children's piko, There kūpuna (elders) brought them here and created the puka where there piko would rest, sealed under a stone These two . . . Map (db m110978) HM
68 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Pāhoa — Vast coral reefs create a world of abundance
It takes 10 million years for a new Hawaiian island to subside and erode to sea level, yet its foundation continues to support life far beyond that. Upon the back of the eroded mountain range, tiny corals build extensive reefs. Due to their age . . . Map (db m111016) HM
69 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Papaikou — "KU" - Hawaiian God
In the beginning in Hawaiian mythology, Po was a vast and dark empty land. Only one life form dwelled there. It was the spirit of Keawe, his single light shining and holding the energy of creation. Keawe evolved order. He opened his great calabash . . . Map (db m110860) HM
70 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Papaikou — Onomea Bay
Long ago, Onomea Bay was a fishing village, became a rough-water seaport in the 1800's, and later was inhabited by Portuguese, Chinese, Japanese and Filipinos who came here to work in the sugar cane fields and to help build the Onemea Sugar Mill. In . . . Map (db m110863) HM
71 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Papaikou — Remembrance Bell
In 1977 Dan and Paulin Lutkenhouse purchased this land to create a botanical garden for the education and enjoyment of the public. This bell was hanging in the steeple of an old church that was the Garden's first visitor center. In 1988 the church . . . Map (db m110859) HM
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72 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Papaikou — The Legend of Twin Rocks
The village of Kahali'i was located on this large point of land which extends into Onomea Bay. Though the village is gone, the descendants of Kahali'i still remember some of the legends concerning the area's landmarks. One story tells of the . . . Map (db m110862) HM
73 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Volcano — Countless are the Accomplishments of Roosevelt's Trusty "Tree Army"
The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), established by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1933, was one of many "New Deal" Programs created towards economic recovery from the Great Depression. The goal of the CCC was to create Conservation . . . Map (db m94340) HM
74 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Volcano — Explosive eruptions rock Kīlauea volcano
Oli (chants) and mo'olelo (stories of this region recount the celebrated battle between Pelehonuamea (Pele, the volcano deity) and her sister, Hi'iakaikapoliopele (Hi'iaka), that erupted here at the summit of Kīlauea. After a series of . . . Map (db m111041) HM
75 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Volcano — KilaueaRising Smoke Cloud — Hawaii Volcanoes National Park —
A caldera has likely existed at Kilauea’s summit for as long as has the volcano. Collapse occurred repeatedly as magma swelled the summit area and then drained rapidly through the flanking rift zones. Large fault blocks have formed here and at . . . Map (db m104768) HM
76 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Volcano — Mauna Loa
In front of you looms the world's largest active volcano The summit of Mauna Loa stands 20 miles ahead of you, reaching an elevation of 13,677 feet above sea level and more that 31,000 feet above the ocean floor. With a volume of 10,000 . . . Map (db m111040) HM
77 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Volcano — Once in their lifetime, silverswords erupt in flowers
After 10 to 30 years, the Mauna Loa silversword ('āhinahina) sends up a spectacular stalk of fragrant flowers as tall as 9 feet (over 3 meters), then it dies. Each seed it drops has the potential to begin a new generation. Although they . . . Map (db m110970) HM
78 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Volcano — Site of Hawaiian Volcano Observatory1912-1942
For nearly 30 years, America’s first full-time volcano observatory occupied this site. Under the direction of Dr. Thomas A. Jaggar, world renowned volcanologist, the expertise to monitor and study volcanoes was developed. In 1942, the observatory . . . Map (db m2980) HM
79 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Volcano — Stephen Tyng Mather — July 4, 1867 - January 22, 1930 —
He laid the foundation of the National Park Service, defining and establishing the policies under which its areas shall be developed and conserved unimpaired for future generations. There will never come an end to the good that he has done.Map (db m190122) HM
80 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Volcano — The "Firepit" of Halema'uma'u
Halema'uma'u Crater is the site of the most eruptions at the summit of Kilauea Volcano. Between 1905 and 1924, a period of about 20 years, a dazzling lake of molten lava circulated within its walls. Then, in 1924, the lake drained away, allowing . . . Map (db m26233) HM
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81 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Volcano — The Volcano House reigns as one of America's great lodges
"Having visited Kilauea in the days when the old shed with its open door and hole in the centre, for a fireplace, were all the accommodation for the poor weary chilled travelers; how great is our appreciation and admiration of the present . . . Map (db m111117) HM
82 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Waikoloa — Kamehameha I(1758 - 1819)
Kamehameha ("The Lonely One") the Great was born in Hohala on the island of Hawai'i. Uniting all the major islands under one rule in 1810, he established himself as a fierce warrior, and wise and compassionate leader to his people.Map (db m108954) HM
83 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Waikoloa — Kamehameha II(1797 - 1824)
Liholiho ascended the throne at a time when foreign influences, and new standards and ideas were propelling the Hawaiians into the modern western world. During his reign, the kapu system was abolished and the missionaries arrived, brining . . . Map (db m108956) HM
84 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Waikoloa — Kamehameha III(1813 - 1854)
Kauikeaouli was a strong leader and contributed the greatest number of reforms during his 30 year reign, the longest in the history of Hawai'i. His mild manner, good judgement, and solid character made him a King loved and greatly respected by his . . . Map (db m108951) HM
85 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Waikoloa — Kamehameha IV(1834 - 1863)
Alexander Liholiho, grandson of Kamehameha the Great, brought a great appreciation for etiquette and ceremony to court. He and his wife Emma Rooke showed great concern for the welfare of their people and established the Queen's Hospital . . . Map (db m108952) HM
86 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Waikoloa — Kamehameha V(1830 - 1872)
Lot Kamehameha favored a stronger monarchy and placed much of the power back into the hands of royalty. He was the last ruler to bear the name of the great conqueror and was credited with many public improvements and acquisition of much land. . . . Map (db m108957) HM
87 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Waikoloa — Puakō Petroglyph Archaeological District
Man has always left his mark. Symbols in rock were left by many early civilizations. Te Puako Petroglyph site is one of the largest and finest concentrations of the mysterious symbols left in Hawai‘i. It is likely that many of these petroglyphs . . . Map (db m3029) HM
88 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Waikoloa — William Charles Lunalilo(1835 - 1874)
The grandson of a half-brother of Kamehameha the Great, he became the first king to be elected. Well-educated, Lunalilo was very popular with the people and became the first Hawaiian to leave his property to charity.Map (db m108964) HM
89 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Waikoloa Village — Ancient Foot TrailTravelers
Much of the Ala Loa trail was built over an ancient foot trail which can still be seen here as it meanders beside the new trail. The section of the trail on the Kaniku lava flow remains intact and will be preserved. The trail was probably used . . . Map (db m110403) HM
90 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Waikoloa Village — High Chiefess Keōpūolani(1778-1823)
Chiefs of highest rank and sacred wife of Kamehameha I married in 1791. Mother of Kamehameha II, Kamehameha III and Princess Nāhi'ena;ena. Keōpūolani's extremely high-ranking ali'i (royalty) status prohibited people from looking at . . . Map (db m110408) HM
91 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Waikoloa Village — Kuhina Nui Ka'ahumanu(1768-1832)
Born of ali'i (royalty) lineage, Ka'ahumanu married Kamehameha I as a young girl and became his favorite wife. When he died in 1819, she was named Kuhina Nui (Prime Minister) alongside young King Liholiho Kamehameha II. A powerful influence, she . . . Map (db m110407) HM
92 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Waikoloa Village — Princess Bernice Pauahi(1831-1884)
Of high lineage she was a logical match for the highest born ali'i (royalty) of her generation. Courted by many, she was betrothed to her cousin King Kamehameha V. In 1848 Kamehameha V chose Pauahi as his successor to become queen. She declined the . . . Map (db m110419) HM
93 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Waikoloa Village — Queen Emma(1836-1885)
Emmalani Na'ea Rooke Kaleleonalani was grand-niece of Kamehameha I and granddaughter of John Young, his royal advisor. She and husband Kamehameha IV had one son, Prince Albert, who died at the age of 4, followed not long after by his father. . . . Map (db m110412) HM
94 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Waikoloa Village — Queen Kalama(1817-1870)
Kalama Hakaleleponi Kapakuhaili was the daughter of ali'i (royalty) Kaihekukui and Iahu'ula. She married Kauikeaouli Kamehameha III, who introduced the division and disbursement of traditional lands known as the "Great Mahele." A very well-educated . . . Map (db m110410) HM
95 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Waikoloa Village — Queen Kapi'olani(1834-1899)
Ester Julia Kapiolani, granddaughter of Kaumuali'i, the last King of Kaua'i. Widow of Namakaeha, married King David Kalākaua in 1863 and as a gift he built Kapi'olani Park in Waikīkī in her honor. Deeply concerned about the moribund . . . Map (db m110418) HM
96 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Waikoloa Village — Queen Lili'uokalani(1838-1917)
Lydia Liliuokalani Kamaka'eha Paki Dominis sister of Kalakaua, adopted by Paki and Konia, married John O. Dominis. Declared heir apparent on April, 11, 1877 following the death of her brother Prince Leleiohoku II. Ascended to the throne on January . . . Map (db m110420) HM
97 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Waikoloa Village — Queen Victoria Kamāmalu(1802-1824)
Also known as Tamehamalu, Victoria Kamāmalu was the daughter of Kamehameha I and married Liholiho Kamehameha II. Only 5 years after he took the throne, the King and Queen sailed to London for a state visit with King George IV. While in England, . . . Map (db m110409) HM
98 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Waikoloa Village — The Waikoloa Petroglyph Field
Before you lies one of the major concentrations of ancient rock carvings in the Hawaiian Islands. Boundaries were not crossed casually in old Hawaii, and the thousands of surface carvings here, just north of the border between the ancient kingdoms . . . Map (db m4247) HM
99 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Waimea — Camp Henry C. Drewes
January, 1944 The second AM Trac BN., U.S. Marines established Camp Henry C. Drewes on this site; here trained until May, 1944 Here we rested from battle... Prepared for another... And prayed for peace. Seal at center: . . . Map (db m110378) HM
100 Hawaii, Hawaii County, Waimea — Camp Tarawa 1943-1945
Four stones make up this monument: The 2nd and 5th Marine Divisions trained here to bring peace to the Pacific Parker Ranch & Camp Tarawa 1943-1945 This monument honors the V Amphibious Corps (VAC), and . . . Map (db m108940) HM WM

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Sep. 23, 2023