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Texas Independence War Topic

 
Andrews County Marker image, Touch for more information
By Bill Kirchner, October 25, 2012
Andrews County Marker
1Texas (Andrews County), Andrews — 167 — Andrews County
. . . Map (db m61419) HM
2Texas (Aransas County), Lamar — 1547 — John Fagan
John Fagan Soldier in the Texas War for Independence at Goliad, 1835-1836Map (db m53825) HM
3Texas (Aransas County), Lamar — 5103 — Stella Maris Chapel
Irish immigrant James W. Byrne (1787 – 1865), a veteran of the Texas Revolution, was an early settler of this area. He established the town of Lamar and with his wife Harriet, sold land on Aransas Bay to the Catholic Church for a chapel site. . . . Map (db m53717) HM
4Texas (Archer County), Holliday — 722 — Captain John Holliday(Dec. 8, 1811 - Aug. 19, 1842)
Born Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania; came to Texas about 1835, joined Texian Army, and was one of 24 survivors of the Goliad Massacre, March 27, 1836. Joined Texian-Santa Fe Expedition, and en route to New Mexico, Aug. 4, 1841, carved his name on a . . . Map (db m187196) HM
5Texas (Atascosa County), Poteet — 4819 — Site of Jose Antonio Navarro Ranch Headquarters(2.3 Mi. SSE)
This land had once been allocated in the 1700s as a ranch for Mission San Jose in San Antonio (20 mi. N), but in the 1820s was left unsettled. In 1828 prominent San Antonio resident Jose Antonio Navarro (1795-1871) beseeched the Governor of the . . . Map (db m111187) HM
6Texas (Austin County), Bellville — 243 — Austin County
A part of the grant to Stephen F. Austin in 1821 Created a municipality under the Mexican government in 1828 Became a county of the Republic of Texas, March 17, 1836 Named in honor of Stephen Fuller Austin, 1793-1836 Pioneer . . . Map (db m125601) HM
7Texas (Austin County), Bellville — 366 — Early History of Bellville Methodist Church
​ The heritage of Bellville Methodist Church dates to 1822, when Thomas B. Bell came to Texas from Florida with Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred colonists. He settled in an area west of the Brazos River, and donated fifty acres of land . . . Map (db m157592) HM
8Texas (Austin County), Industry — 1941 — Charles Fordtran(May 7, 1801-Nov. 1, 1900)
In Jan. 1831 Charles Fordtran, a German of Huguenot descent, joined the colony of Stephen F. Austin. His first work was to survey land for Austin's partner, Samuel May Williams. He was given a league (4,428.4 acres) as his fee. Soon he brought in . . . Map (db m146168) HM
9Texas (Austin County), Industry — 1499 — Friedrich Ernst
Christian Friedrich Ernst (Dirks) was born in Germany in 1796. Friedrich Ernst was inducted into the German Army in 1814 and served for five years. He married Louise Gesine Auguste Weber in 1819. They became the parents of Caroline, John . . . Map (db m165425) HM
10Texas (Austin County), Industry — 1500 — John Friedrich Ernst, Jr.
A native of Oldenburg, Germany, John Friedrich Ernst (1820-1863) emigrated to the United States with his family at the age of nine. In 1831, they traveled from New York City to Texas, finally arriving in what is now the town of Industry. The . . . Map (db m165424) HM
11Texas (Austin County), San Felipe — 5514 — A Town Hall
Near this site stood A Town Hall Built about 1830 in which were held the First and Second Conventions of Texas, 1832 and 1833, and the Consultation of 1835 the provisional government functioned here until March 2, 1836, when . . . Map (db m43759) HM
12Texas (Austin County), San Felipe — 3 — Austin's Colony: First Colony in Mexican Texas
Austin's land office and its agents set about carving civilization out of the untamed Texas wilderness. Mapping and surveying land at a whirlwind pace, Austin's office issued nearly 1500 land grants to settlers in Mexican Texas between 1823 and . . . Map (db m162896) HM
13Texas (Austin County), San Felipe — 11707 — Early Roads To San Felipe
During the mid-1820's, When Stephen F. Austin was founding this town, the only roads in the area were wagon ruts or beaten trails marked by notched trees. Within a decade, however, the village of San Felipe, one of the first Anglo settlements in . . . Map (db m43718) HM
14Texas (Austin County), San Felipe — 2678 — J.J. Josey General Store
Built by John Crutcher in 1847 on the Plaza de Commercio in San Felipe, this was the last store built in the town after its 1836 burning by military order. Purchased in 1867 by Dr. J.J. Josey, it was in continuous operation as a store until 1942. . . . Map (db m43760) HM
15Texas (Austin County), San Felipe — John Bricker
In memory of John Bricker a private in Captain Mosley Baker’s company, who was killed just across the river from this site April 7th 1836 by a shot from a Mexican cannon, and was buried where he fell. He was born in Cumberland . . . Map (db m43758) HM
16Texas (Austin County), San Felipe — 6 — Remembering San Felipe de Austin
Beginning in the 1920s local leaders looked for ways to commemorate this important colonial Texas history site. After 15 years planning and developing the property for its transition to the State in 1940, local supporters created a Friends . . . Map (db m163013) HM
17Texas (Austin County), San Felipe — 4536 — San Felipe de Austin
First Anglo-American capital of Texas. Came into being on July 26, 1828, as capital of the Austin Colony, by decree of the Mexican government. Father of Texas Stephen F. Austin had begun under the 1821 grant from Mexico the settlement of more than . . . Map (db m116924) HM
18Texas (Austin County), San Felipe — San Felipe de Austin Town Site
[Side 1] San Felipe de Austin Town Site laid off by Stephen F. Austin as the Capital of his Colony in 1824 Here was held the only Federal District Court ever convened in Texas under Mexican rule [Side 2] Events leading to Revolution, First . . . Map (db m163048) HM
19Texas (Austin County), San Felipe — 2 — Stephen F. Austin, Father of Texas
Between 1821 and 1835, Austin shaped the course of colonial Texas. Here, he built his only home in Texas. His log cabin also served as the colony's land office, and became the center of San Felipe commerce. Following a plan begun by his . . . Map (db m162881) HM
20Texas (Austin County), San Felipe — 249 — Stephen F. Austin's Cabin
Replica of Stephen F. Austin's Cabin This structure is a replica of the only Texas home of Stephen F. Austin, “Father of Texas.” The chimney contains bricks from original (1828) cabin. Other materials were made as . . . Map (db m156552) HM
21Texas (Austin County), San Felipe — 5 — The Burning of San Felipe
After the fall of the Alamo on March 6th, 1836 General Sam Houston and his Texian volunteers retreated to the east from Gonzales. Colonists evacuated and abandoned their homes and property in what became known as the Runaway Scrape. Local . . . Map (db m162913) HM
22Texas (Austin County), San Felipe — 4 — Toward Revolution
The Convention of 1833, followed by the Consultation in 1835, reflected the growing tension between the colonists and the Mexican government. The fateful military and political events of late 1835, would sway Austin to the war movement. . . . Map (db m162910) HM
23Texas (Austin County), San Felipe — 1 — Welcome to San Felipe de Austin
Between 1823 and 1836, San Felipe de Austin was the focal point for issues related to the immigration and settlement of American colonists in Mexican-controlled Texas. This site marks the central business district of San Felipe de Austin . . . Map (db m162858) HM
24Texas (Austin County), Wallis — 6344 — Martin Allen(November 28, 1780 - December 30, 1837)
As a young man Martin Allen assisted his father, Benjamin, in surveying roads in their native state of Kentucky. He married Elizabeth Vice in 1804 and by 1810 they and their three children were living in Louisiana. Martin joined the . . . Map (db m61299) HM
25Texas (Bandera County), Bandera — 18801 — Hendrick ArnoldSurvey No. 59 — Colored Burial Ground —
Freedman and soldier Hendrick Arnold (1804-1849) was awarded land following the Texas Revolution for his participation in the Siege of Bexar and the Battle of San Jacinto. He received six surveys in what was then Bexar county, including this . . . Map (db m162318) HM
26Texas (Bastrop County), Bastrop — 9163 — Captain James Burleson
Chosen commissary by General Andrew Jackson, War of 1812 Edward Burleson, his son, accompanied him as book-keeper Participated in the Battle of New Orleans January 8, 1815 Served under his son, Edward, Army of Texas, in the Grass . . . Map (db m111111) HM
27Texas (Bastrop County), Bastrop — 9151 — Early History of the City of Bastrop
Long before white men arrived, this region was inhabited by Tonkawa and Comanche Indians. In 1691 the first Spanish explorers crossed this territory en route to east Texas. From their route, parts of “El Camino Real” (the King's . . . Map (db m126751) HM
28Texas (Bastrop County), Bastrop — 9185 — Felipe Entrique Neri, Baron De Bastrop1770 - 1829
Erected in recognition of the distinguished service to Texas of Felipe Entrique Neri, Baron De Bastrop 1770 - 1829 Pioneer Red River empresario. Land commissioner of Austin's colony. Member of the Congress of Coahuila and Texas. In . . . Map (db m111113) HM
29Texas (Bastrop County), Bastrop — 9240 — Samuel Wolfenberger(1804 - 1860)
Early land grantee in this area. Of Dutch descent, he was born in Virginia. Came to Texas (then part of Mexico) in 1831 as a colonist of Stephen F. Austin, the "Father of Texas." Received a Spanish league of land (4,444 acres) here. Active in . . . Map (db m118406) HM
30Texas (Bastrop County), Bastrop — 13114 — Thomas H. Mays
Thomas H. Mays was born in 1802 in Virginia and emigrated to Texas from Tennessee in 1830. In 1834, he became Bastrop's first municipal surveyor and platted the city's new streets. Two years later, he was wounded in the leg at the Battle of San . . . Map (db m65221) HM
31Texas (Bastrop County), Elgin — 9171 — Site of the Home of Col. Robert M. Coleman — (1799 -1837) —
Signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence Aide-de-camp to Gen. Houston at San Jacinto Commander of a regiment of Rangers 1836-37 Here his widow Mrs. Elizabeth Coleman and son, Albert V. Coleman were killed by Indians and . . . Map (db m82688) HM
32Texas (Bastrop County), Jeddo — 9175 — John Socrates Darling
Born April 24, 1806 Came to Texas in 1835. A soldier in the Texas War for Independence before and during the Siege of Bexar 1835 and participated in the Battle of San Jacinto 1836 Died April 6, 1870 His wife Louranie Darling Born June 10, 1810 . . . Map (db m180695) HM
33Texas (Bastrop County), Jeddo — Rev. Benjamin F. Fry
. . . Map (db m180699) HM
34Texas (Bastrop County), Smithville — 9228 — Stephen Scallorn
Maryland native Stephen Scallorn (1787-1887) lived in Kentucky and Tennessee, where he practiced medicine and was active in the Primitive Baptist Church, before moving to Texas. He was attracted to the Republic by the favorable accounts of his . . . Map (db m160302) HM
35Texas (Bee County), Beeville — 3315 — Medio CreekSignificant natural landmark
Named by the Spaniards about 1800 because of its midway position between the San Antonio and Nueces Rivers. Rises in Karnes County; empties into Mission River. Crossed by explorers, padres, soldiers, settlers who traveled on three early ox-cart . . . Map (db m32271) HM
36Texas (Bell County), Belton — 3516 — Mrs. Sarah Ann Hardin-Kelton
Widow of William Hardin before her marriage to Dr. O.P. Kelton Many of the Mexican officers and men were placed in the care of Judge and Mrs. Hardin after the victory at San Jacinto and were mercifully treated by them. Born August . . . Map (db m152194) HM
37Texas (Bell County), Belton — 15622 — Norman Austin(August 2, 1811 – May 12, 1890)
Texas revolutionary veteran and local merchant Norman Austin made important contributions to his adopted state. Born in Skaneateles, New York, he was the fifth son of a large family and traveled widely throughout his life. He farmed in Michigan and . . . Map (db m152240) HM
38Texas (Bell County), Belton — 5859 — Wilson Van Dyke(Dec 25, 1817 - Aug. 3, 1881)
A native of South Carolina, Wilson Van Dyke served as a member of the Somervell Expedition, which was organized in 1842 to expel the Mexican Army from Texas. Under command of Col. W.S. Fisher, he crossed the Rio Grande and was captured. A survivor . . . Map (db m29382) HM
39Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 141st Infantry Regiment"Remember the Alamo" — Oldest Militia Unit in Texas —
Texas Revolution - 1836 Spanish-American War - 1898 Cuban Occupation - 1898 Mexican Border Serivce - 1916 World War I - 1918 World War II 1940-1945 Campaigns Naples-Foggia • Anzio Rome-Arno • Southern France Ardennes • Alsace . . . Map (db m32656) HM
40Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 4 Pound Replica Cannons
These iron 4 pound cannon replicas are based on the measurements of the cannons recovered in 1852 by Samuel Maverick near the northwest corner of the Alamo. Archival research indicates that these cannons were on site but not in use during the Battle . . . Map (db m188609) HM
41Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 86 — Adina de Zavala(November 28, 1861 – March 1, 1955)
As the granddaughter of Lorenzo de Zavala (1789-1836), first vice-president of the Republic of Texas, young Adina de Zavala was exposed to vivid accounts of Texas' revolutionary and republican past. She became a guiding force in the preservation . . . Map (db m61083) HM
42Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Alamo Funeral Pyre
On this spot bodies of heroes slain at the Alamo were burned on a funeral pyre. Fragments of the bodies were afterward buried here. This tablet is the gift of relatives of Green B. Jemision and of other friends. Second Marker The De . . . Map (db m30589) HM
43Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 96 — Alamo Low Barracks and Main Gateway
Mission San Antonio de Valero, established nearby in 1718, was relocated here in 1724. By 1762, the mission plaza was enclosed by thick stone and adobe walls. The 11x14-foot main gateway was located at this site along the south wall. In 1803 . . . Map (db m30713) HM
44Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — An Archaeological PuzzleArchaeology for Preservation
At this location an exciting discovery was made. Approximately two feet below the current surface archaeologist recently uncovered a circular stone platform - but what is it? Alamo archaeologist Kristi Nichols explains, "It appears to be . . . Map (db m188522) HM
45Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Articles of Capitulation
In this place General Cos signed articles capitulating to the Texans who under Milam and Johnson took San Antonio Dec. 9, 1835.Map (db m82889) HM
46Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Battle of the Alamo
By 1835, tensions between those in Mexico who supported republican ideals and the centralist Mexican government had escalated into all-out war. Seeking their independence, Texan revolutionaries won the town of San Antonio de Béxar from . . . Map (db m188616) HM
47Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 400 — Bexar County Under Nine Governments
The administrative government of Bexar County, besides being the oldest in Texas, is distinguished by having served under nine governments. The community served under Spanish rule from May, 1718, until January, 1811, when it was taken over by . . . Map (db m53972) HM
48Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Cannon From the Battle of the Alamo
Spanish soldiers saved this 18th-century cannon from a shipwreck in Matagorda Bay located off the Texas coast in 1817. It was brought to San Antonio where it was later captured by Texian forces during the Battle of Béxar (1835). The following year, . . . Map (db m188593) HM
49Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 2943 — Charles Frederick King
Served in the Texas Army 1836 • • Was Mayor of San Antonio, 1847 - 1849 and 1852 - 1853 • Born in New Hampshire, January 17, 1811 Died in San Antonio, May 13, 1869Map (db m177381) HM
50Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Clara DriscollLest We Forget
Title to the Alamo Mission property, acquired through her efforts and her personal fortune, was conveyed by Clara Driscoll to the State of Texas, Sept. 5th 1905: “That the sacred shrine be saved from the encroachments of . . . Map (db m30734) HM
51Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 1287 — Clara Driscoll(April 2, 1881 - July 17, 1945)
A descendant of early Texas colonists, including a veteran of San Jacinto, Clara Driscoll was born in Refugio County and grew up as a wealthy rancher's daughter. In 1903, soon after returning from school in Europe, she learned that the Long . . . Map (db m30130) HM
52Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 3371 — Col. Edward Miles(Feb. 8, 1816 - Apr. 1, 1889) — Noted Texas Soldier —
Came to Texas 1829. Served in Battles of Anahuac and San Jacinto in Texas War for Independence and the Indian, Mexican and Civil Wars. Born Natchez, Miss., Married Mary Ann Sawyer 1850. Prominent in Civic and Public Affairs. Recorded - . . . Map (db m163736) HM
53Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Colonel Henry Wax KarnesIn Memory of the Famous Scout and Spy
Captain of a Company of Infantry at San Jacinto Elected Colonel of Cavalry May 10, 1837 Born in Tennessee Sept. 12, 1812 Died at San Antonio Aug. 16, 1840Map (db m179891) HM
54Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Colonel William B. Travis
(Born August 1, 1809) sacrificed his life for Texas liberty while defending the north wall of the Alamo in the vicinity of the present day federal building (across Houston) on March 6, 1836.Map (db m188587) HM
55Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Council House
Here stood the early Court House, City Council Room, etc., and where occurred the Indian Massacre in 1840, and where the Court was captured in 1842. De Zavala Daughters of the Heroes of Texas. 1924.Map (db m142413) HM
56Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — David Crockett(1786-1836) — Frontiersman, American Humorist, Politician and Alamo Defender —
David Crockett was a frontiersman who became a well-known politician and humorist in early 19th Century America. In a period of history that celebrated the rise of the common man, no common man rose higher from such humble beginnings. "Davy" . . . Map (db m188527) HM
57Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Dawson Massacre MemorialSeptember 18, 1842
Dawson Massacre Memorial September 18, 1842 Erected by Alamo Mission Chapter Daughters of The Republic of TexasMap (db m85982) WM
58Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Defender of the Alamo
In 1836, an 18-pounder cannon similar to the one seen here was mounted to defend the Alamo's southwest corner. The 18-pounder played a legendary role in the prelude to the battle. After a brief parlay, the Alamo's commanding officer Lt. . . . Map (db m188611) HM
59Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Founding of the Mission and Origin of Name
The San Antonio de Padua Mission was founded in San Antonio in 1716 by the Franciscan Father, Antonio Olivares, and after merging with the San Francisco Solano Mission in 1718, it was officially founded as the San Antonio de Valero Mission. The . . . Map (db m9228) HM
60Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — From Republic to Early Statehood1837-1885
The Treaty of Velasco mandated that all Mexican forces withdraw south of the Rio Grande. Before leaving the Alamo, however, Mexican troops destroyed much of what remained. For many years, the structure stood deserted as the affairs of the new . . . Map (db m188747) HM
61Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — From Warehouse to Shrine1886-1997
As the twentieth century approached, the historic Alamo Shrine was surrounded by commercial property, and original parts of the mission were in danger of being lost forever. Adina De Zavala, granddaughter of the first vice president of the Republic . . . Map (db m188760) HM
62Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Gonzales Men at the Alamo
Erected in grateful recognition of the supreme act of heroism of the thirty two men from Gonzales who gave their lives in the Alamo in response to the appeal of Travis. Erected March 1, 1936Map (db m30777) HM
63Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Heroes of the Alamo
This oak tree planted in the spring of 1965 in memory of the Heroes of the Alamo. Presented by the First Officers' Training Camp Association of Texas, Leon Springs, Texas, May 8...August 15, 1917. Roster of First Campers filed in Alamo Library.Map (db m30599) HM
64Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — James Bowie(1796-1836) — Frontiersman, Entrepreneur, Soldier and Alamo Defender —
James Bowie represented the fluid nature of the frontier, born in Kentucky but living in Missouri and Louisiana before finally settling in Texas. Along the way, he gained a reputation as a deadly duelist with a knife. Bowie traveled to Texas . . . Map (db m188534) HM
65Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 1903 — James Nathaniel Fisk
Served in the Army of Texas March 6, 1836 to November 16 1837 • Born in Swanton Vermont, September 4, 1815 Died April 15, 1876 Erected by the State of TexasMap (db m163399) HM
66Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Japanese Monument to The Heroes of the Alamo
To the Memory of The Heroes of the Alamo [Poem in Chinese follows] Japanese Monument The story of the Alamo reaches far beyond the borders of Texas. More than 2.6 million visitors from around the world came to the Alamo in 1996. The . . . Map (db m30779) HM
67Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 935 — John "Jack" Coker(May 10, 1789 - Jan. 4, 1861)
Came from South Carolina to Texas in 1834. Served in Battle of San Jacinto in Texas War for Independence, 1836. Was one of a party with Deaf Smith that destroyed Vince's bridge near Pasadena. This deed may have kept Santa Anna's army from retreat . . . Map (db m177129) HM
68Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 1939 — John Salmon "Rip" FordMay 26, 1815 - November 3, 1897 — Here Rests in Peace —
Native South Carolinian, pioneer doctor and editor, Republic of Texas Congressman, twice State Senator, Jack Hay's adjutant in War with Mexico, fearless Ranger Captain in border and Indian campaigns, Confederate colonel, Mayor of Austin and . . . Map (db m163782) HM
69Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 4962 — John W. Smith(November 4, 1792 - January 12, 1845)
Great early San Antonio leader, a native of North Carolina. Moved to Illinois, then to Missouri, where he was sheriff of Rawls County in 1824. Came to Texas with Green DeWitt in 1826 and settled at Gonzales. Smith moved to San Antonio in 1828 . . . Map (db m82880) HM
70Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — John William Smith, 'El Colorado'(1792-1845) — Alamo Courier, Scout, Mayor of San Antonio and Senator —
Virginia-born John William Smith gained fame for the role he played in early Texas history. Smith, nicknamed "El Colorado" for his red hair, arrived in Texas in 1827 and settled in San Antonio de Béxar. He became fluent in Spanish, moving easily . . . Map (db m188529) HM
71Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 4386 — Jose Francisco Ruiz(January 29, 1783 - January 20, 1840)
One of two native Texans who signed Declaration of Independence and helped found Republic of Texas. Ruiz, born in San Antonio, son of a wealthy rancher, was educated in Spain. Upon returning home, he was appointed school teacher by order of the . . . Map (db m130094) HM
72Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Juan Nepomuceno Seguín(1806-1890) — Statesman, Scout, Courier and Mayor of San Antonio —
Born to a prominent San Antonio family, Juan Nepomuceno Seguín led a life of service to his community. He was both a solider and politician, becoming Mayor of San Antonio in 1841. During the Texas Revolution, Seguín supported independence. He . . . Map (db m188526) HM
73Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — La Villita
La Villita, “The Little Village”, settled about 1722 as “The Town of the Alamo". Here General Martin de Perfecto Cos signed the Articles of Capitulation to Texians December 11, 1835 and General Santa Anna's artillery battery . . . Map (db m82886) HM
74Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Letter From The Alamo
Commandancy of the Alamo, Bexar, Feby. 24th, 1836- To the people of Texas & all Americans in the world-- Fellow citizens and compatriots I am besieged, by a thousand or more of the Mexicans and Santa Anna - I have sustained a . . . Map (db m78329) HM
75Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Lost Burial Place of the Alamo Defenders"San Antonio Daily Express" — July 6, 1906 —
August Beisenbach, city clerk of San Antonio states that when he was an 8 year old boy playing on the Alameda (Commerce St.) he witnessed the exhuming of bodies or remains consisting of bones and fragments of bones, of victims of the siege of The . . . Map (db m163441) HM
76Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Lt. Col. William Barret Travis
Legend states that in 1836 Lt. Col. William Barret Travis unsheathed his sword and drew a line on this ground before his battle-weary men stating: “Those prepared to give their lives in Freedom’s cause, come over to me!”Map (db m123951) HM
77Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Main Plaza Fortifications
During the Main Plaza renovation in 2007, archaeologists discovered remnants of a military fortification underneath this street. This entrenchment would have been part of San Antonio's defense against attacks during the turbulent revolutionary . . . Map (db m30214) HM
78Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Masonic Heroes of the Alamo
. . . Map (db m30821) HM
79Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 17451 — McCulloch Cemetery
Samuel McCulloch, Jr. (1810-1893), wounded at the Battle of Goliad October 9, 1835, was one of the first casualties of the Texas Revolution. This site is part of land he received in 1850 as a bounty for his service. The oldest marked grave is that . . . Map (db m179924) HM
80Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Mission San Antonio de Valero Indian Quarters
This wall foundation of adobe bricks formed part of the Indian quarters built during the construction of the west wall of Mission San Antonio de Valero (the Alamo) in about 1750. During the Siege of the Alamo, February 23 to March 6, 1836, some of . . . Map (db m164441) HM
81Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 4633 — Near Homesite of Erasmo Seguin(May 16, 1782 - November 7, 1857)
Born in San Antonio; descendant of Frenchman who settled in Mexico before 1714. Always a civic leader, helped found first public school in San Antonio, 1812. Went (1821) with Juan M. Veramendi to escort Austin Colony leaders to Bexar, and . . . Map (db m118112) HM
82Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 13379 — Perote Prisoners
Here 56 Texans gathered in home of Samuel A. Maverick, Sept. 11, 1842, to defend city in surprise attack of 1800 Mexicans under Gen. Adrian Woll. Maverick and 52 others were captured and marched to Perote in southern Mexico. On March 30, 1843, . . . Map (db m118096) HM
83Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Remains of the Alamo Heroes
The remains of the Alamo Heroes are entombed in the chapel at the left-hand side of the entrance to this cathedral Visitors WelcomeMap (db m30343) HM
84Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 3262 — Samuel Augustus MaverickSite of Home (1850 to 1870)
A native of South Carolina; came to San Antonio in 1835; was guide for Ben Mailam and other leaders in first attack on San Antonio by Texas Army, Dec. 1835. As Bexar Delegate, Maverick signed Texas declaration of Independence at . . . Map (db m30608) HM
85Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 4963 — Samuel S. Smith
. . . Map (db m177383) HM
86Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas, has a rich, but complex history. Part of this history is the number of nations that held sovereignty over the area, beginning with Spain and ending with the United States. Stell's mural includes symbols-buildings and . . . Map (db m188657) HM
87Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 11743 — Site of De La Garza House, Gardens and Mint
Erected on this site in 1734 for prominent Bexar citizens Geronimo and Javiera Cantu de la Garza, the de la Garza family home was designed by Geronimo's brother-in-law Pedro Flores Valdez. The complex occupied an entire city block and was crafted . . . Map (db m118527) HM
88Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Soldiers of the War of 1812 Who Fought for Texas
This tree dedicated in honor of the soldiers of the War of 1812 who fought for Texas liberty March 16, 1935Map (db m30735) HM
89Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Strong FoundationsArchaeology for Preservation
Conserving the Alamo Church means expert teamwork - and the excavation in front of you is a perfect example. This unit is against the outside of the Alamo Church north wall. Guided by preservation experts, the archaeologists' goal is to expose . . . Map (db m188588) HM
90Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Susannah Dickinson(1814-1883) — Alamo Survivor and Business Woman —
A native of Tennessee, Susannah Dickinson and her husband, Almeron, settled in Gonzales, Texas in 1831. The couple had one daughter, Angelina, prior to the Texas Revolution. Living in San Antonio de Béxar in February 1836, the family took shelter in . . . Map (db m188533) HM
91Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Tennessee Volunteers at the Alamo
In commemoration of the 150th Anniversary of Texas Independence and in honor of the Tennessee Volunteers who gave their lives at the Alamo on March 6, 1836 the Citizens of Tennessee present this Tennessee Homecoming Tree and Plaque . . . Map (db m30775) HM
92Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — The AlamoA Story Bigger Than Texas — (Long Barrack) —
This is the Long Barrack, the oldest building in San Antonio. It was built in 1724 as a convento or residence for priests and was originally part of the Mission San Antonio de Valero, now known as the Alamo. Since then it has been used as a . . . Map (db m30743) HM
93Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — The Alamo / El Alamo
The Alamo Mission San Antonio de Valero - famed as The Alamo - founded 1718 by Spanish Missionaries. Secularized 1793. Garrison for Spanish Cavalry and Flying Company of San Carlos de Parras y Alamo. Between February 23 and March 6, 1836, . . . Map (db m156704) HM
94Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 95 — The Alamo Cenotaph"The Spirit of Sacrifice"
In memory of the heroes who sacrificed their lives at the Alamo, March 6, 1836, in the defense of Texas. “They chose never to surrender nor retreat. These brave hearts, with flag still proudly waving, perished in the flames of . . . Map (db m30709) HM
95Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — The Alamo in 1836
Corrals for cattle and horses occupied this space during the famous 1836 Siege and Battle of the Alamo. Small fortifications provided cover for the Texans during the siege. The structures shown in the illustration are (left to right) the church, the . . . Map (db m30714) HM
96Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — The Alamo in 1836
The church of former Mission San Antonio de Valero had been converted into a powder magazine and artillery platform by the Mexican Army in the autumn of 1835 during the Siege of Béxar. Following the capture of the town in early December 1835, Texan . . . Map (db m30736) HM
97Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — The Alamo in 1836
The fortress known to history as “The Alamo” was originally built by the Spanish in the 18th Century. Named Mission San Antonio de Valero by Franciscan officials, the mission occupied this site from 1724 until it was closed in 1793. The . . . Map (db m30824) HM
98Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — The Alamo in 1836
One of the weakest points of the fortified former mission was an open space between the old church and the Low Barrack. During the Siege of Béxar, Mexican troops constructed a palisade, or double log-wall, to close the exposed area. The Texans . . . Map (db m30857) HM
99Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 335 — The Battle of the Salado
Decisive in Texas history, was fought here, September 18, 1842. Col. Mathew Caldwell and Capt. John C. Hays, commanding a force of Texas volunteers, opposed the Mexican Army under General Adrian Woll that had captured San Antonio, and with the loss . . . Map (db m128119) HM
100Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — The Birth of the Republic of Texas1836
1836 found the Texians struggling to organize a provisional government as a confident Santa Anna marched into San Antonio de Béxar and demanded that the Alamo garrison surrender. On March 6, Mexican troops attacked the Alamo, stormed its walls, and . . . Map (db m188690) HM

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Jan. 21, 2022