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Mora County New Mexico Historical Markers

 
La Cueva Mill and Marker image, Touch for more information
By J. J. Prats, April 21, 2014
La Cueva Mill and Marker
New Mexico (Mora County), La Cueva — La Cueva Mill — La Cueva National Historic District —
This mill was built in the 1870s by Vicente Romero. In 1851 he established the La Cueva Ranch by purchasing land from several grantees of the Mora Land Grant which had been conceded by Governor Albino Pérez in 1835. According to legend Vicente . . . — Map (db m73281) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), La Cueva — La Cueva National Historic District
This ranching community was established by Vicente Romero in the early 1850s. The grist mill was built in the 1870s. Its proximity to Fort Union and the Santa Fe Trail helped the ranch develop into one of the region’s most important commercial . . . — Map (db m73280) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Mora — Curanderas — Women Who Heal — New Mexico Historic Women Marker Initiative —
In New Mexico, women blessed with special knowledge of herbs, household remedies, human health and strong faith are trusted to cure real or imaged maladies. Known as Curanderas, these women have been an integral part of the Hispanic fabric in . . . — Map (db m73273) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Mora — St. Vrain Mill
St. Vrain Mill The St. Vrain Mill is a stone, water-powered, vertical gristmill. The mill (molino de piedra in Spanish) was one of several in the Mora Valley that supplied flour and meal to nearby Fort Union in the mid-1800s. The mill was . . . — Map (db m145867) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Wagon Mound — Wagon Mound
This last great landmark on the Santa Fe Trail was named for its resemblance to the top of a covered wagon. At Wagon Mound, travelers could cross from the Cimarron Cutoff to Fort Union, which is located on the Mountain Branch of the Trail. The two . . . — Map (db m45824) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Big Business for New Mexico — Fort Union National Monument —
For many of the years between 1851 and 1891, Fort Union was the greatest economic powerhouse in the New Mexico Territory. The single Army officer who controlled the huge complex that made up the Fort Union Depot — some 400 acres of . . . — Map (db m148810) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Buttons, Bowling, Billiards and BeerSutler's Store — Fort Union National Monument —
Just ahead you would have seen a military general store. This was one place at Fort Union where people were always coming and going, every day. Soldiers from the Post, the Depot, and the Arsenal — as well as civilian travelers, Army wives, and . . . — Map (db m149002) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Commissary Storehouse — Fort Union National Monument —
In this early 1860's view, the Commissary Storehouse is hidden behind the shed-like structure on the right. This huge building housed tons of canned and bottled goods, salted meats and fish, as well as onions and potatoes to feed the garrisons of . . . — Map (db m149005) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Crime and Punishment on an Army Post — Fort Union National Monument —
We cannot sit down and have such a set of [horse] thieves run off with our stock with impunity. The Civil authorities seem to be powerless to cope with them. —James H. Carleton, lieutenant colonel commanding Fort Union, March 1867 For . . . — Map (db m149180) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Depot Officers' Quarters — Fort Union National Monument —
Depot Officers’ Quarters under construction in the early 1860’s. The gable-roofed building behind the unfinished Officers’ Quarters is the Sutler’s Store. Photo of the completed Quarters was taken in the 1870’s. — Map (db m149181) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Distant For Good ReasonsThe Arsenal — Fort Union National Monument —
In the distance you can still see the adobe remnants of the Fort Union Arsenal. This ordnance depot stored and issued the weapons and ammunition needed for all Army operations throughout the Southwest for 30 years. Longstanding Army practice was to . . . — Map (db m149001) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Enough to Feed an ArmyQuartermaster Depot Storehouses — Fort Union National Monument —
Imagine 2,000 to 3,000 freight wagons a year being off-loaded into these enormous buildings. In these five warehouses, the United States Army stored, inventoried, organized, and redistributed thousands of tons of food and equipment to support the . . . — Map (db m149004) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Fort Union and the Santa Fe TrailSanta Fe National Historic Trail — Fort Union National Monument —
The deep ruts etched into the earth in front of you are a record of Fort Union's role as the guardian of the Santa Fe Trail. Formed from a network of routes used for hundreds of years by American Indians, Spaniards, Mexicans, New Mexicans, and . . . — Map (db m148988) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Fort Union National Monument / Santa Fe Trail1851-1891
Side A: Fort Union National Monument 1851-1891 Once the largest post in the Southwest, Fort Union was established to control the Jicarilla Apaches and Utes, to protect the Santa Fe Trail, and to serve as a supply depot for . . . — Map (db m45829) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Fort Union: 1866 — Fort Union National Monument —
You are looking at the largest United States military base to be found for 500 miles in any direction during the late 1800s. There was nothing bigger from Kansas to California. For 25 years, this frontier-era Army post was a federal government-run . . . — Map (db m148970) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Hard Work, Strict Discipline, and $13 a MonthEnlisted Men's Barracks — Fort Union National Monument —
“Here you get one night in bed… tonight you are on Guard, tomorrow morning at 8 o'clock you get relieved… one hour after coming off Guard You have to Saddle up and go on Herd. Come in with the Herd at 4 p.m., spend one hour grooming your . . . — Map (db m149183) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Home for the Commandants — Fort Union National Monument —
For 24 years the officer in command of the cavalry and infantry troops at Fort Union lived here. The post commandant issued the orders that determined the daily duties and routines for hundreds of enlisted men, non-commissioned officers, officers, . . . — Map (db m149000) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Keep the Wagons RollingThe Mechanics' Corral — Fort Union National Monument —
This square, open yard was once full of men hard at work. The Santa Fe Trail and the rough, unpaved roads of New Mexico Territory in the 1800s were tough on freight wagons — and the livestock that hauled them. Inside this Mechanics' Corral . . . — Map (db m149007) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — La JuntaSanta Fe Trail Scenic Byway
For westbound travelers, camping here in this green river valley meant that their journey on the Santa Fe Trail was almost over. For travelers headed east it represented a decision, for the trail split here into two very different adventures. The . . . — Map (db m148818) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Life Along Suds Row — Fort Union National Monument —
There were few chances for family life for any enlisted man in the United States Army on the frontier. Regulations did not allow new recruits to have a wife or child. No soldier could marry without the permission of his commanding officer. That . . . — Map (db m148994) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Officers' Row — Fort Union National Monument —
Protective brick coping atop the adobe walls has not yet been added to most of the Officers’ Quarters shown in the top photo, dated 1866. The buildings, pictured ten years later, are complete with porches and fencing. — Map (db m148999) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Privy — Fort Union National Monument —
Throughout the 19th century, military sanitation was far ahead of most civilian practice in the West. The “sinks,” “privies,” “necessaries,” and latrines of the military kept contagious disease at a minimum and . . . — Map (db m149184) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Quartermaster Clerks' Office — Fort Union National Monument —
This building was an office for Depot Clerks and civilian workers. — Map (db m149185) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Rank Has its PrivilegesOfficers' Quarters — Fort Union National Monument —
Army officers assigned to the garrison here at Fort Union lived with their families in the row of nine houses you see along this side of the parade ground. Each building held two apartments and shared a common kitchen and dining room at the rear. . . . — Map (db m148998) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Ready to Repel the ConfederatesCivil War in New Mexico — Fort Union National Monument —
Soon after a Confederate army from Fort Bliss, Texas invaded southern New Mexico in July 1861, over 200 men found themselves here, working 4-hour shifts, day and night. With picks and shovels they raised a new Fort Union surrounded by earthworks. . . . — Map (db m148996) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Santa Fe Trail
Opened by William Becknell in 1821, the Santa Fe Trail became the major trade route to Santa Fe from Missouri River towns. The two main branches, the Cimarron Cutoff and the Mountain Branch, joined at Watrous. Travel over the Trail ceased with the . . . — Map (db m55199) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Separate Worlds — Fort Union National Monument —
To us today, Fort Union looks like a single, very large Army base. Soldiers who served here from 1863-1891 saw things in a completely different way. For them, the Post of Fort Union and the Fort Union Quartermaster Depot were like two small towns . . . — Map (db m149003) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — The Best Hospital in 500 Miles — Fort Union National Monument —
Between Fort Riley, Kansas and California you would have found no bigger or better medical facility than the one that once stood here. In 1864 it cost $45,000 to build. This six-ward hospital had from 10 beds to 126 beds over its life. Here a . . . — Map (db m148976) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — The End of the RoadDepot Transportation Corral — Fort Union National Monument —
Think of what you see here as the forerunner of today's busy truck stops on the interstates. Now, freight rides cross-country safe inside boxes of steel and aluminum, rolling on rubber tires. In the mid-1800s, cargo rode under canvas on iron-shod . . . — Map (db m149006) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — The First Fort Union — Fort Union National Monument —
”More like a village… than a military post” was how one soldier described the First Fort Union — located across the valley where you now see adobe ruins of the later Fort Union Arsenal. Begun in the summer of 1851, First . . . — Map (db m148995) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — The First Ten Years: 1851-1861 — Fort Union National Monument —
If you look straight ahead about a mile, you can see the site of the first Fort Union. There, at the foot of the mesa, soldiers quickly threw up buildings made from logs and uncured, rough-sawn lumber in the summer of 1851. Their mission was to . . . — Map (db m149182) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — The Road that Changed Lives Forever — Fort Union National Monument —
Today it's tough to look at the low wagon wheel ruts of the Santa Fe Trail — just ahead of you and grasp how many tens of thousands of lives this road turned upside down. Comanche, Kiowa, Jicarilla Apache, Mountain Ute, and other American . . . — Map (db m149008) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — The Six Mule Army Wagon — Fort Union National Monument —
The Six Mule Army Wagon contributed to the military's success in the Southwest. With its simple design and iconic red and blue paint scheme, the Six Mule Army Wagon, nicknamed the "Old Army Six Mule", performed the critical role of linking commerce, . . . — Map (db m148980) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — The Third Fort Union — Fort Union National Monument —
Unlike its predecessors, the Third Fort Union was carefully planned. Building materials included native stone, adobe bricks — fashioned from soil dug from a field north of the fort site — and bricks manufactured in the nearby town of Las . . . — Map (db m148997) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Transportation Corral — Fort Union National Monument —
Although taken at different times, these two photos show the Transportation Corral (1) and Herders Corral (2). Dozens of wagons and scores of mules were kept here in readiness to transport supplies and troops. Towering haystacks can be seen in the . . . — Map (db m149186) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Watrous
The Mountain Branch and the Cimarron Cutoff of the Santa Fe Trail meet at Watrous. This important spot on the Trail was first known at La Junta, "junction" in Spanish. In 1879, with the coming of the railroad, it was named for Samuel B. Watrous, a . . . — Map (db m55198) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Watrous - Western Junction of the Santa Fe TrailNational Historic Landmark
Watrous - Western Junction of the Santa Fe Trail has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and . . . — Map (db m148788) HM

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May. 27, 2020