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Whitfield County Georgia Historical Markers

 
Historic Red Clay Marker Post image, Touch for more information
By David Seibert, July 14, 2011
Historic Red Clay Marker Post
Georgia (Whitfield County), Cohutta — 155-34A — Historic Red Clay
Red Clay, one mile W, was once an important Council Ground for the Cherokee Indians who called it “Red Earth Place.” During the War Between the States, on May 2, 1864, the 2nd Brigade, First Cavalry Division, Dept. of the Cumberland, U. . . . — Map (db m50867) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 155-3 — African-American Soldiers in Combat
Near Dalton on August 15, 1864, during the Civil War, the 14th United States Colored Troops (USCT), whose enlisted men were mostly former slaves, helped drive off a Confederate cavalry attack on the Western and Atlantic Railroad, U.S. General . . . — Map (db m44625) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 155-12 — Ascent to Dug Gap
1.5 Mi. W. this road ascends to and crosses the summit of Rocky Face ridge -- a direct route between Dalton and LaFayette. May 7, 1864. Grigsby's brigade (Wheeler's Cav.), after retreating from Tunnel Hill to Mill Creek Cap, camped on this road . . . — Map (db m10788) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — Atlanta CampaignRocky Face Ridge — May 7-12, 1864
Federal frontal attacks failing completely here Sherman ably outflanked the Confederate army strongly entrenched across Rocky Face ridge and this gap. Whereupon Johnston with great skill reestablished a position by . . . — Map (db m13279) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 155-33 — Battles of Tilton<-- 2.8 mi. --<<<
2.8 miles E. of here, on May 13, 1864, a delaying action was fought as Confederates moved south toward Resaca. On Oct.13, 1864, part of French’s Division of Stewart’s Corps, Confederates Army of Tennessee, attacked this place, then garrisoned by 300 . . . — Map (db m44623) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 155-2 — Campaign for Atlanta: Johnston's Review
On April 19, 1864, General Joseph E. Johnston reviewed the Confederate Army of Tennessee on this ridge. After his appointment in December 1863, Johnston rebuilt a defeated and demoralized army following Confederate General Braxton Bragg's defeat at . . . — Map (db m9069) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 155-31 — Confederate Cemetery
421 unknown Confederate, four known Confederate and four unknown Federal soldiers are buried here. Some of these men died of wounds received in the Battles of Stone`s River, Perryville, Chickamauga, Lookout Mountain, Chattanooga, Missionary Ridge, . . . — Map (db m10790) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 155-21 — Crow Valley
Federal forces moved south on this road in an attempt to outflank the Confederate defenders at Mill Creek Gap, which was being threatened by two Federal divisions from the west. These movements were to test the strength of Johnston`s army at Dalton. . . . — Map (db m10786) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — Crow Valley"...too strong to be carried without great slaughter." — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail
The opening actions of the Atlanta Campaign occurred around Dalton during early May 1864. Union Major General William T. Sherman's strategy, as two of his three armies approached from the north and northwest, involved a series of demonstrations by . . . — Map (db m85914) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 155-11 — Dug Gap
An excavation at the summit of Rocky Face Ridge on the direct route between Dalton and LaFayette. This gap was guarded by Confederate forces when Dalton was occupied after the retreat from Missionary Ridge in Nov. 1863. Federal forces made two . . . — Map (db m23347) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 155-34 — Dug Gap1 mile →
Dug Gap was so named because a pioneer road, cut out of the hillside, passed through a cleft in Rocky Face Ridge at this point. The road led east to Dalton and the Western and Atlantic Railroad, important military objectives. Federals sought in . . . — Map (db m50162) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — Fort Hill"...my situation was a desperate one..." — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail
The Confederate "Army of Tennessee" that defended Dalton from November 1863 to May 1864 briefly returned here the following October. It was much depleted in both size and spirit. Their unsuccessful defense of Atlanta ended with its fall on September . . . — Map (db m86563) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 155-4 — General Cleburne’s Proposal to Arm Slaves
Here on January 2, 1864, Gen. Patrick Cleburne proposed arming slaves in exchange for their freedom to alleviate the manpower shortage facing the Confederacy. Almost all the other generals present opposed the idea of black Confederate soldiers . . . — Map (db m44641) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 155-28 — George Whitefield
George Whitefield (1714-70) was a noted evangelist, born in Gloucester, England. He met John and Charles Wesley at Oxford and with them formed the Holy Club. Ordained deacon in 1736, he followed the Wesleys to Georgia in 1738 and founded Bethesda . . . — Map (db m44787) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 155-17 — Hamilton House
This brick house & the stone spring house in the low ground back of it, were built by John Hamilton about 1840. During the Winter, 1863-1864, when the Confederate Army of Tennessee, under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, occupied Dalton, Brig. Gen. J.H. . . . — Map (db m10830) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — Johnny Marcus Memorial Loop
This plaque honors the memory of Johnny Marcus, a local running enthusiast who died in an automobile accident, April 7, 1995. His dedication and commitment to the sport of running was inspiring to those who now follow in his footsteps. — Map (db m12913) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — Joseph E. Johnston Memorial
Joseph E. Johnston 1807 ---- 1891 Brigadier General U.S.A. General C.S.A. Given command of the Confederate forces at Dalton, in 1863, he directed the 79 days campaign to Atlanta, one of the most memorable in the annals of war . . . — Map (db m30084) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — Rocky Face Ridge PhaseAtlanta Campaign — May 7-12, 1864
Confederates withdraw to Resaca when Federal flank movement threatens their rear. (labels) Confederate position Rocky Face Ridge Federal attack fails / Mill Creek Gap Federal flank movement / Dug Gap — Map (db m86523) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 155-20 — Stevenson's Line
During demonstrations on Rocky Face and in Crow Valley, by 4th & 23d A.C. troops [US], the N. line of Dalton’s defense works crossed the road here. Stevenson’s div. (Hood’s A.C.) [CS] held this sector, his left at Cheatham’s line, at Signal . . . — Map (db m17155) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 155-20 — Stevenson's Line
During demonstrations on Rocky Face & in Crow Valley, by 4th & 23d Army Corps troops, the northern line of Dalton’s defense works crossed the road here. Stevenson’s div. (Hood’s Army Corps) held this sector, his left at Cheatham’s line, at Signal . . . — Map (db m17162) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — The Battle of Mill Creek GapMay 7-12, 1864 — The Opening Phase of the Atlanta Campaign
The Atlanta Campaign opened at 3:00 AM on the morning of May 7th as the bugles of McCook's Federal Brigade sounded reveille at their camps near Ringgold. Federal troops occupied the village of Tunnel Hill and approached Buzzard's Roost Pass, as Mill . . . — Map (db m86522) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 155-30 — The Blunt House<-----<<<
This house, built in 1848 by Ainsworth Emery Blunt, pioneer settler of Dalton, has been continuously occupied by members of his family. Appointed postmaster of Cross Plains in 1845, Mr. Blunt was elected mayor when that town became Dalton in 1847 . . . — Map (db m44735) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 155-15 — The Flooded GapMay, 1864
The Confederate defenders of Dalton impounded the waters of Mill Creek by a dam, in the gap, as a measure of defense when Federal forces under Sherman assailed this opening in Rocky Face Ridge. This temporary lake, together with fortifications in . . . — Map (db m10787) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — The Huff House
General Joseph E. Johnston commanding Confederate army occupied this house as headquarters from December 1863 to March 1864 — Map (db m44811) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 151-3 — The McCarty Neighborhood
William Scott and Frances Brown McCarty began laying out a neighborhood here in 1927. By 1950, influential Dalton residents had established one of the city’s earliest subdivisions. McCarty residents pioneered and maintained the Dalton carpet and . . . — Map (db m19294) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 155-1 — The McCarty Subdivision
John B. McCarty began laying out a neighborhood here in 1928. By 1950, influential Dalton residents had established one of the city’s earliest subdivisions using New South landscaping. Tudor Revival, Colonial Revival, and Minimal Traditional . . . — Map (db m15382) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 155-29 — Tristam Dalton
Tristram Dalton (1732-1817) was born in Newburyport, Mass; graduate of Harvard, 1755: admitted to bar but followed mercantile pursuits. Delegate to Convention of Committees of New England Provinces, Providence, R. I., 1776; member Massachusetts . . . — Map (db m10804) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — Western and Atlantic Railroad Depot
Date of Construction: 1852 Builder: Western and Atlantic Railroad Original Occupancy: Railroad Station Here, during the Civil War on April 12, 1862, the engine "Texas," dropped off a telegraph operator with orders to warn the Confederate . . . — Map (db m86525) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Mill Creek — 155-29C — "Callaway Place" - 1814.
Jesse Callaway, soldier of 1812, son of Joseph Callaway, soldier of '76, lived in this house from 1852 to 1867. The house, built with bricks made on the place, remained in the family until after 1900. It is said to have been built about 1814. . . . — Map (db m10795) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Mill Creek — 155-9 — Babb's Settlement
Ante-bellum domain of Joel Babb (1809~1882) - on Mill Cr., foot of Rocky Face at Dug Gap. May 8, 1864. 1 A. M.: Col. W.C.P. Breckinridge’s 9th Ky., Grigsby’s brigade, Wheeler’s cav., descended from Dug Gap & patrolled the roads N. & W. to ascertain . . . — Map (db m10912) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Mill Creek — 155-10 — Battle of Dug Gap
May 8, 1864. Maj. Gen. J.W. Geary, with Buschbeck`s & Candy`s brigades of the 2d div., 20th A.C., moving from near Gordon`s Springs, reached this, the Babb Settlement, at 3 p.m. Planting McGill`s Penna. Battery (3 inch Rodman guns) near Joel Babb`s . . . — Map (db m10913) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Mill Creek — 155-8 — Geary's Division to Dug Gap
May 8, 1864, Brig. Gen. J.W. Geary, with Buschbeck’s & Candy’s brigades 2d div., A.C., marched on this road from Near Gordon’s Springs. Turning E. here (near Whitfield – Walker County line ), Geary’s troops moved to Dug Gap in Rocky Face . . . — Map (db m10940) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Mill Creek — 155-7 — Twentieth Corps in Dogwood Valley
May 7, 1864. Gen. Hooker`s 20th A.C. crossed Taylor’s Ridge at Nickajack & Gordon Springs Gaps, moving E. toward Rocky Face Ridge. Geary’s 2d & Butterfield’s 3d divs., via Gordon`s Springs, reached this point that afternoon. Butterfield’s troops . . . — Map (db m10796) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Nance Springs — 155-4 — Battle of Resaca
May 15, 1864. The 23d A.C. (US) was shifted from Camp Cr., 1.5 mi. W., to this vicinity where it extended the left of Sherman’s line (US) to the Conasauga River. Hovey’s (1st) div. supported Williams’ (1st) div., 20th A.C. (US), between the Scales . . . — Map (db m11067) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Pratersville — 155-1 — Battle of Resaca
May 14, 1864: The 20th Corps was shifted from Camp Creek Valley, 0.5 mi. W. & aligned across rd.~ the 2d & 3d Divs. in reserve; the 1st Div. prolonging Stanley’s Div. (4th A.C.) to the State R.R., east. May 15: Butterfield’s (3d) & Geary’s (2d) . . . — Map (db m10942) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Resaca — 155-2 — Battle of Resaca
At this point the entrenched line of Stanley’s (1st) Div., 4th A.C. (US) crossed the highway, facing Hood’s line (CS) 0.5 mi. South. May 14, 1864: 0.4 mi. E. (near Nance’s Spring) Hood’s rt.(CS) made a spirited attack on Stanley’s left (US), which . . . — Map (db m10972) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Rocky Face — 155-14 — Confederate Defense of Mill Creek Gap
Feb. 25, 1864. Stewart’s and Breckinridge’s divs. in the gap, repulsed the attacks of the Federal 14th A.C., from the N.W., while Hindman's A.C. drove back Cruft's and Bard’s divs. in Crow Valley E. of Rocky Face Ridge and N. of the R.R. May 8-9. . . . — Map (db m19265) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Rocky Face — 155-6 — Dr. Anderson’s House
H’dq’rs., Maj. Gen. Joseph B. Hooker, commanding Federal 20th A. C., May 7, - 9, 1864. These troops, having crossed Taylor’s Ridge, May 7, moved E. to this vicinity. Williams’ 1st & Butterfield’s 3d divs. camped in Dogwood Valley near Trickum; . . . — Map (db m21291) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Rocky Face — 155-16 — George Disney's Grave
High up on Rocky Face, S. of gap, is the lone grave of English-born George Disney, Co. K., 4th Ky. Inft., Lewis' “Orphan Brigade”, Bate’s div., Hindman’s Corps (CS). The 4th Ky. was deployed to form a living telegraph line from base . . . — Map (db m11075) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Rocky Face — 155-13 — Mill Creek Gap
Otherwise known as Buzzard Roost. This natural gateway through Rock Face Ridge, was heavily fortified by Confederate forces at Dalton, after their retreat from Missionary Ridge. February 25, 1864, the Federal 14th A.C., Dept. of the Cumberland, . . . — Map (db m11069) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Rocky Face — 155-13 — Mill Creek Gap
Otherwise known as Buzzard Roost. This natural gateway through Rock Face Ridge was heavily fortified by Confederate forces at Dalton after their retreat from Missionary Ridge. February 25, 1864, the Federal 14th A.C., Dept. of the Cumberland, . . . — Map (db m11072) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Tilton — 155-5 — R.R. Wood Station½ mi. →
Approx. site of John H. Green’s wood station during the 1860’s – which was a fuel supply depot of the State R.R. April 12, 1862: Andrews’ Raiders (US), with the locomotive GENERAL, paused to wood up while closely pursued by the locomotive . . . — Map (db m10932) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Tilton — The Chase, and a Battle250 yards →
To the left over the railroad crossing stood a water tower where the famed "General", of "The Great Locomotive Chase" stopped for water while being chased by the "Texas", April 12, 1862. A brief stop was made at nearby Green's Wood Yard for fuel. . . . — Map (db m10791) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Tunnel Hill — 155-25 — Clisby Austin House
400 yds. S.E., at the big spring, is the brick residence known as the Austin House. May 7, 1864 The Federal forces, having seized Tunnel Hill their first movement in the campaign for Atlanta Maj. Gen. W.T. Sherman had headquarters at the Austin . . . — Map (db m12364) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Tunnel Hill — 155-26 — Harris' Gap
In 1864 the direct road from Tunnel Hill to Varnell's, passed through Harris Gap at this point, which is just N. of where Rocky Face drops off into continuous foot-hills. Federal operations in Crow Valley by the 23d A.C., began with its march S. . . . — Map (db m10945) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Tunnel Hill — The Excavation
[Left Side of Marker] The Excavation of the west end was begun early July 15, 1848. & the first opening effected Oct. 31, 1849 The first train of cars passed through May 9, 1850 Length of excavation in this end 575 feet & . . . — Map (db m20002) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Tunnel Hill — 155-24 — Tunnel Hill
May 7, 1864. The Federal forces, under Maj. Gen. W.T. Sherman, began the campaign for Atlanta by seizing Tunnel Hill. Howard's 4th A.C., having marched from Catoosa Springs, drover Wheeler's Cav. from the R.R. tunnel S. to Mill Creek Gap. Palmer's . . . — Map (db m12361) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Tunnel Hill — 155-36 — Western & Atlantic Railroad Tunnel
The 1447 foot long Chetoogeta Mountain railroad tunnel is one-half mile east of this marker. The tunnel was completed in 1850 and this opened the W&A RR from Atlanta to Chattanooga. This was the first railroad tunnel completed south of the . . . — Map (db m30587) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Varnell — Cotton Gin
The cotton “gin” (short for engine) was first patented by Eli Whitney of Massachusetts in 1793. The purpose of a cotton gin is to remove the cotton seeds from cotton fibers.

Simple ginning machines were being used prior to 1793 to . . . — Map (db m120419) HM

Georgia (Whitfield County), Varnell — Dr. Lacewell’s Office
Dr. John Franklin Lacewell (June 7, 1857 – August 19, 1937) was a horse-and-buggy doctor who never owned an automobile. He graduated from Atlanta Medical College (now Emory University) in 1887 and returned to Whitfield County. He answered . . . — Map (db m120418) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Varnell — 155-32 — Historic Varnell Home>>>>----->>
This historic home was built in 1847 by “Dry Dan Dold” for M. P. Varnell, a pioneer settler of this community. In the War Between the States, this home was used as a temporary hospital by Federals and Confederates. Several skirmishes and . . . — Map (db m44662) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Varnell — Joseph Standing Monument
This memorial park and monument honor the memory of Elder Joseph Standing of Salt Lake City, Utah, a missionary of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, (Mormon) who was killed here by a mob July 21, 1879. His companion, Elder Rudger . . . — Map (db m22501) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Varnell — 155-29B — Old Federal Road
The highway crossing east and west at this point is the Old Federal Road, northwest Georgia’s earliest vehicular route. It led across the Indian County from the southeast boundary of the Cherokees, in the direction of Athens, toward Nashville via . . . — Map (db m44658) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Varnell — Prater’s Mill
Prater’s Mill is a restored working gristmill built by Benjamin Franklin Prater circa 1855, on land that the Cherokee called “Fish Trap Shoals”. The mill is constructed of hand-hewn timbers with mortised and pegged joints. The Prater . . . — Map (db m120417) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Varnell — Prater’s Mill and The Civil War1861-1865
January 19, 1861 – Georgia secedes from the Union.

October 1862 – The first Confederate troops arrive in Whitfield County.

1826 – 1864 – Benjamin Franklin Prater sells corn, hay, fodder, bacon, split rails and . . . — Map (db m120413) HM

Georgia (Whitfield County), Varnell — Prater’s Mill Store
Prater’s Mill was an important commercial site, containing the grist mill for grinding corn and wheat, and also a store, post office, warehouse, cotton gin, blacksmith, gardens and numerous houses. The Prater’s Mill store and the mill complex were . . . — Map (db m120416) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Varnell — Prater's Mill
Prater’s Mill Dates from 1855 and is in remarkably good shape thanks to the Prater’s Mill Foundation. Built by John Pitner, the grist mill and a nearby sawmill operated from a single water-powered turbine. Together the two mills carved a center of . . . — Map (db m120411) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Varnell — Water Turbine
Many old mills were powered by overshot water wheels, picturesque, but difficult to maintain. Prater’s Mill, however, was powered by three more modern underwater turbines. One of these, a Leffel-type patented in 1862, is still completely operational . . . — Map (db m120415) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Waring — 155-23 — Military Operations in Crow Valley
There were 2 demonstrations by Federal forces on Dalton, in 1864: Feb. 24-26; May 7-12. On these over-lapping fields of operation, the Burke House & spring were noted landmarks. Feb. 25, Cruft`s & Baird`s divs. (4th & 14th A.C.), via the low ridge . . . — Map (db m10929) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Waring — 155-19 — North Line Dalton’s Defenses
April, 1864. Pending Federal moves on Dalton a strong line of defense works was built across Crow Valley. Beginning at the Signal Station on Rocky Face, W., it crossed the road at this point & ascended the wooded hill E. where artillery was placed. . . . — Map (db m10969) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Waring — 155-22 — Schofield's 23d Corps in Crow Valley
May 9, 1864. Two divs., 23d A.C., having deployed abreast between the Burke & Harris houses moved S. astride this wooded ridge in the fork of Crow Creek. This move was made in conjunction with 4th A.C. troops on the summit & eastern slope of Rocky . . . — Map (db m10931) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Waring — 155-18 — Site: Ault's Mill
In this vicinity stood Ault’s mill and residence cited in Official Records as Lt. Gen. Wm. J. Hardee’s headquarters, May 8-13, 1864. Hardee was in temporary command of units of Hood’s A.C. (Hindman’s div.) together with his own corps at various . . . — Map (db m10926) HM

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