“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church Historical Markers

This series is focused on markers related to the AME Church, a historically African American denomination in the Methodist tradition.

Note: This series is not about the AME Zion Church, which is a different denomination with its own history.
Aberfoil Community Marker, back image, Touch for more information
By David J Gaines, October 20, 2012
Aberfoil Community Marker, back
1Alabama (Bullock County), Aberfoil — Aberfoil Community
The town of Aberfoil was incorporated January 26, 1839, in then Macon County, with the first election for councilors conducted and managed by Lewis Stoudenmire, Charles G. Lynch, Thomas Scott, David Hudson, and A. J. and E. A. Jackson. Aberfoil was . . . Map (db m61027) HM
2Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Methodist Church
These ruins were once a place of worship for members of the Methodist Episcopal Church South. Built in 1849, it was the first single denomination church in Cahawba. An earlier church for the common use of all denominations was erected about 1840. . . . Map (db m112410) HM
3Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Brown Chapel A.M.E. Church — Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail —
Brown A.M.E. Chapel (in front of you) served as a safe haven for supporters during the voting rights campaign. Pastor P.H. Lewis and his congregation courageously broke the injunction prohibiting African Americans from holding mass meetings, making . . . Map (db m131995) HM
4Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Campsite 1Selma to Montgomery Trail
Hall Farm March 21, 1965Map (db m61846) HM
5Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — I Had A DreamDr. Martin L. King Jr.
The demonstration that led to the most important advance in civil rights for millions of Black Americans began here March 21, 1965. It was the 50-mile march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, the State Capital. Defying threats of death, Dr. . . . Map (db m83578) HM
6Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Lewis ScottA Quote from Lewis - "I See With Memory"
At the age of 20, Lewis lost his sight in 1957 from Glaucoma. He learned the language of braille, other independent living and vocational skills during his attendance at the Alabama Institute for the Deaf and Blind in Talladega, Alabama. . . . Map (db m112363) HM
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7Alabama (Elmore County), Wetumpka — Welton Blanton Doby High SchoolElmore County
W. B. Doby served as the first President of the Elmore County Teachers Association, Principal of Elmore County Training School, and as an ordained minister in the A.M.E. Church. Local leaders dedicated this school for African-American students on . . . Map (db m94614) HM
8Alabama (Escambia County), Pollard — Pollard Methodist Church
A pre Civil War structure, this is the oldest church building remaining in Escambia County, Alabama. Confederate veterans related stories that mules and horses were sheltered inside during harsh winter months. Circuit riders served the church in the . . . Map (db m84388) HM
9Alabama (Houston County), Dothan — Cherry Street African Methodist Episcopal Church
On this site in 1877 Gaines Chapel Church was organized. A wooden structure was erected adjacent to an existing graveyard. In 1891 and 1901 additional land was purchased. In 1908 the present building was dedicated. This structure was of early . . . Map (db m73362) HM
10Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — C7 — St John AME Church and Day Care CenterDestination — Birmingham Civil Rights Heritage Trail —
Built 1973, 708 15th St. N. St. John AME Church and Day Care Center are on the site of the former church that hosted Monday night mass meetings during the early 1960s. It was also a center where “Project C" leaders came to strategize about . . . Map (db m187892) HM
11Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Saint Paul African Methodist Episcopal Church(Organized 1879 from earlier 1840 Congregation)
In early 1840s about 14 African-American members from First Methodist formed own congregation “Church Springs” near South Court Street. In 1857, a nearby brick cow shed was converted for its use under Rev. Robin Lightfoot who became a . . . Map (db m84050) HM
12Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — 186 — W. C. Handy Birthplace
(side 1) William Christopher Handy, widely honored as the “Father of the Blues,” was born in this house on November 16, 1873. In his autobiography, Handy traced the key events in his discovery of the blues back to his time in . . . Map (db m90306) HM
13Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — William Christopher HandyHome-Museum-Library
(side 1) William Christopher Handy was born on November 16, 1873, in this two-room log cabin, which was located approximately one-half mile north of this site. In 1954, the cabin was dismantled, placed in storage, and restored to its . . . Map (db m90292) HM
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14Alabama (Lowndes County), Lowndesboro — Campsite 3Selma to Montgomery Trail
Robert Gardner Farm March 23, 1965Map (db m61847) HM
15Alabama (Lowndes County), White Hall — Campsite 2Selma to Montgomery Trail
Rosie Steele Farm March 22, 1965Map (db m70954) HM
16Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee — 7 — Area Churches That Hosted Important Civil Rights Meetings — The Tuskegee Civil Rights and Historic Trail —
Churches within the African American community played an important role during the civil rights movement. They were places beyond control of white power structure, as well as locations where people could express themselves without reprisal. They . . . Map (db m139884) HM
17Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Campsite 4Selma to Montgomery Trail
City of St. Jude March 24, 1965 Map (db m117069) HM
18Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — 5 — Highway Construction Destroys Historic Black NeighborhoodsThe Cloverleaf beneath Interstates 65 and 85 — Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail —
The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956, signed into law by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, authorized the construction of 41,000 miles of the Interstate Highway System over a ten year period - the largest public works project in American history to . . . Map (db m210249) HM
19Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Rosa Parks Returns to St. Paul AME / Rosa Parks's Faith Guided Her Life
Rosa Parks Returns to St. Paul AME Rosa Louise McCauley Parks, the Mother of the Civil Rights Movement, passed away in Detroit on Oct. 24, 2005 at the age of 92. Six days later, dressed in the uniform of an AME deaconess, her body arrived . . . Map (db m127280) HM
20Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Rosa Parks Statue
Rosa M. Parks (1913-2005) was arrested on a Montgomery bus December 1, 1955 for refusing to relinquish her seat to a white passenger. Her arrest, which happened 2 blocks west on Montgomery Street, sparked the 381-day Montgomery Bus Boycott, which . . . Map (db m143325) HM
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21Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — St. Paul A.M.E. Church
By the turn of the twentieth century, African Americans were gathering on Hardaway Street in a brush arbor to worship. In 1907, they incorporated what is now known as St. Paul African Methodist Episcopal Church, with Rev. Felix Strum serving as the . . . Map (db m127279) HM
22Alabama (Russell County), Phenix City — Allen Temple A.M.E. Church / Grant Chapel A.M.E. Church
(obverse) Allen Temple A.M.E. Church In 1879, under the pastorate of Reverend George Wesley Allen, the Allen Temple African Methodist Episcopal Church had its humble beginning in Phenix City, Alabama as Grant Mission. The Russell . . . Map (db m69082) HM
23Alabama (Russell County), Seale — St. Peter A.M.E. Church CemeteryRussell County
Old St. Peter A.M.E. Church Cemetery is one of Russell County's oldest African-American cemeteries. Established in the early 1880s by former slaves, the church became a central institution to many families in the Seale community. Records indicate . . . Map (db m78116) HM
24Arizona (Maricopa County), Phoenix — Eastlake Park
Peace Eastlake Park has served the inhabitants of Phoenix since the late 1880's. Originally known as Patton's Park, it was developed by the Phoenix Railway Company to serve as a recreational area for patrons of the city's trolley system. The . . . Map (db m55058) HM
25California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — Daniel Blue1811 - 1899In Memory of
in whose house St. Andrews African Methodist Episcopal Church the oldest African-American congregation on the Pacific Coast was organized in 1850 and other members of the Sacramento area African-American community laid to rest on this site. . . . Map (db m18872) HM
26California (Sacramento County), Sacramento — 1013 — Site of First African Methodist Episcopal Church on the Pacific Coast
This is the site of the first church building associated with an African American religious congregation on the Pacific Coast. The church was the Methodist Church of Colored People of Sacramento City, formally organized in 1850. In 1851 the . . . Map (db m4327) HM
27Delaware (Kent County), Camden — K-50 — Star Hill A.M.E. Church
By the end of the 18th century this area was home to a large number of African Americans, many of them freed slaves. Their settlement was largely due to the efforts of local Quakers. A congregation of the African Methodist Episcopal Church was . . . Map (db m39605) HM
28Delaware (Kent County), Camden — KC-110 — Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church
Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church-The roots of this congregation can be traced to 1845, when a group of local residents met to formally organize Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church. With several churches established in the area by free . . . Map (db m141317) HM
29Delaware (Kent County), Clayton — KC-112 — Byrd's African Methodist Episcopal Church
In the early 1890s Clayton was home to an increasing population of African-Americans, many of whom were railroad workers. Byrd's African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church was built in 1894 to accommodate this growing community who previously had . . . Map (db m141340) HM
30Delaware (Kent County), Dover — K-43 — Bishop Richard Allen
Richard Allen founded and became the first Bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal Church in 1816. Born into slavery in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on February 14, 1760, Allen and his family were sold to a family near Dover in 1772. While there, . . . Map (db m39093) HM
31Delaware (Kent County), Dover — KC-107 — Mount Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church
Mount Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church-The genesis of the African Methodist Episcopal Church can be traced to Delaware in 1777, when a young slave named Richard Allen experienced a spiritual awakening at a meeting conducted by an itinerant . . . Map (db m141313) HM
32Delaware (Kent County), Dover — KC-132 — Site of Carlisle African Methodist Episcopal Church
In 1849, Caper and Leah Carlisle deeded a quarter-acre of land to Meeting House Trustees Jacob Allston, Peter Carlisle, James Collins, Perry Hawkins, and Nathaniel White. The Carlisles and the trustees were part of a free African American community . . . Map (db m199002) HM
33Delaware (Kent County), Harrington — KC-122 — St. Paul African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church
St. Paul AME was established as a congregation in 1830. Members met in congregants’ houses and public spaces before building a church. Construction of the church began in 1895 on New Street making St. Paul the last of eleven AME churches built in . . . Map (db m142641) HM
34Delaware (Kent County), Milford — KC-111 — Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church
It is believed that parishioners of Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church were worshiping in a private residence on North Street by 1859. The church eventually moved to a site on Church Street to accommodate the growing congregation. On March 2, . . . Map (db m69034) HM
35Delaware (Kent County), Smyrna — K-123 — Former site of Whitehall Plantation
Whitehall Plantation, once owned by the Chew family, contained over 400 acres of land and was worked solely by enslaved labor. Among those enslaved was Richard Allen who was born here and later founded the African Methodist Episcopal Church. By 1798 . . . Map (db m142525) HM
36Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — NC-102 — Bethel A.M.E. Church
On May 10, 1846, a group of African-American residents of Wilmington who had affiliated themselves with the African Methodist Episcopal Church held a meeting for the purposes of electing trustees and organizing as a corporate body. At the time, . . . Map (db m168200) HM
37Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — Wilmington Historic Trail
This Historic Trail links the historical, social, and cultural patterns of development in Wilmington. The commercial and residential structures along this trail recreate the vitality and historic importance of 17th and 18th-century . . . Map (db m130469) HM
38Delaware (Sussex County), Frankford — SC-93 — Antioch Camp Meeting
A "society" of the African Methodist Episcopal Church was established in this area by the 1830's. The first church was purchased in 1857. On February 28, 1890 land was purchased at this site for the purpose of construction of a new church. Annual . . . Map (db m37323) HM
39Delaware (Sussex County), Georgetown — SC-107 — Prospect A.M.E. Church
The roots of African-American Methodism in this community can be traced to the organization of a black “class” within the local Methodist society in the 1790’s. By the 1830’s a group of residents had affiliated themselves with Bishop . . . Map (db m49017) HM
40Delaware (Sussex County), Lewes — SC-258 — St. George African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church and Cemetery
St. George AME church was established prior to 1880 on land donated by Peter Lewis, a free black shipbuilder and AME church delegate. Initially, congregants met at the Old Bethel Meeting House, but soon acquired a corn crib to hold services in on . . . Map (db m150098) HM
41Delaware (Sussex County), Millsboro — SC 102 — Dickerson Chapel A.M.E. Church
On May 2, 1868, the African Methodist Episcopal Church purchased land west of Millsboro from John M. Burton and first church building was soon built. In 1885, the Church officially changed its name to Dickersons Chapel to honor Bishop . . . Map (db m48859) HM
42Delaware (Sussex County), Seaford — SC-147 — Macedonia A.M.E. Church
The origin of this congregation can be traced to the organization of a local society of the African Methodist Episcopal Church circa 1852. Desiring a permanent place of worship, the group obtained the old Bochim’s Meeting House and moved it to a . . . Map (db m69561) HM
43District of Columbia (Washington), Barry Farm — Campbell African Methodist Episcopal ChurchAfrican American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 2562 Martin Luther King, Jr. Avenue, SE —
Campbell AME, established in 1867 as Mount Zion AME, was an outgrowth of its overcrowded parent church, Allen Chapel AME, founded in 1850. When it moved to a location near the present one in 1890, Mount Zion was renamed for AME Bishop Jabez B. . . . Map (db m33749) HM
44District of Columbia (Washington), Buena Vista — 2 — Faith and ActionAn East-of-the-River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail —
You are standing at the main crossroads of Barry Farm, a post-Civil War (1861-1865) village settled by the formerly enslaved. Some Barry Farm-era churches still serve the neighborhood. Macedonia Baptist Church, about a block to your . . . Map (db m100825) HM
45District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown Washington — Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) ChurchThe National Cathedral of African Methodism
Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church was founded in the District of Columbia in 1838. It is the oldest A.M.E. church and the oldest continuously black-owned property in Washington, D.C. - the Nation's Capital. The church . . . Map (db m18028) HM
46District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown Washington — Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal Church
Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal Church Was organized 1822, rebuilt in 1838 and completed in 1880. This site possess exceptional value in commemorating the Religious Life of the Negro in the United States of America. Designated a . . . Map (db m10191) HM
47District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown Washington — Metropolitan AME ChurchAfrican American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1518 M Street, NW —
This church started on Capitol Hill in 1821 as Israel Bethel, was founded by African Americans denouncing White racism at Ebenezer Methodist Episcopal Church. Later, Pastor Henry McNeal Turner helped persuade President Lincoln to accept Black . . . Map (db m30056) HM
48District of Columbia (Washington), Judiciary Square — e.8 — Lillian and Albert Small Jewish MuseumJewish Historical Society of Greater Washington — Civil War to Civil Rights, Downtown Heritage Trail —
“The neighborhood was our whole life.” Albert Small, born in the neighborhood in 1902. This is the oldest surviving synagogue building in Washington. Constructed in 1875 by Adas Israel . . . Map (db m29761) HM
49District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Saint Paul African Union Methodist Protestant (AUMP) ChurchAfrican American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 401 I Street SE —
The St. Paul African Union Methodist Protestant (AUMP) Church is the first and only church in Washington, DC that evolved from what is considered the oldest incorporated, independent African American denomination in the country. The . . . Map (db m113632) HM
50District of Columbia (Washington), Southwest Waterfront — 10 — Escape from SlaveryRiver Farms to Urban Towers — Southwest Heritage Trail —
Before the Civil War, Washington was a slave-holding city. But many of its citizens–especially free blacks and abolitionists–assisted freedom seekers at locations known as stops on the Underground Railroad. The largest . . . Map (db m112455) HM
51District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 2 — The True Reformer BuildingCity Within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail —
The daily lives of residents of this historic African American community were woven together through hundreds of social and civic organizations--fraternal organizations, clubs, school alumni associations, civic associations and the like. The . . . Map (db m130800) HM
52Florida (Brevard County), Merritt Island — F-713 — Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church of Merritt Island & Community Cemetery"White Lilly Cemetery" — 1892 —
Established in 1892, the Bethel A.M.E. Church of Merritt Island was the first African Methodist Episcopal church on North Tropical Trail, located on land James R. Ragan originally acquired through the Homestead Act in 1895. The wooden church sat on . . . Map (db m101067) HM
53Florida (Broward County), Hallandale Beach — Greater Ward ChapelAfrican Methodist Episcopal Church — Established 1902 —
"To God Be The Glory For All Of The Great Things He Has Done" In 1902 a mustard seed was planted in the community, and with God's blessing a group known as the "Pioneers" established the first church, which blossomed the dream into a reality. . . . Map (db m100395) HM
54Florida (Broward County), Pompano Beach — F-991 — The Pompano Colored School
(Side 1) The first school for Pompano Beach’s African American students was a two-room wooden building that was destroyed in the 1926 Great Miami hurricane. Classes were held in the Psalters Temple AME Church until a new schoolhouse could . . . Map (db m137400) HM
55Florida (Duval County), Jacksonville — F- 260 — "Mother" Midway A.M.E. Church
Midway A.M.E. Church was organized on Sunday, June 10, 1865, a few weeks after the Confederate Army in Florida surrendered to the Union Army. It was thus the first black independent church organized in Florida. William G. Steward was sent to Florida . . . Map (db m59094) HM
56Florida (Duval County), Jacksonville — F-448 — Abraham Lincoln Lewis Mausoleum
Pioneer Abraham Lincoln Lewis (1865-1947) and others founded Florida’s oldest African-American insurance company, Afro-American Life in 1901, which spread throughout the South as far as Texas. In 1926, A.L. Lewis opened Lincoln Golf and Country Club . . . Map (db m58382) HM
57Florida (Duval County), Jacksonville — F-790 — Centennial Hall Edward Waters College
Founded in 1866, Edward Waters College (EWC) is the oldest historically black college in Florida. The history of the college is closely tied to the African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church. In 1865, the Reverend Charles H. Pearch, a presiding elder . . . Map (db m93073) HM
58Florida (Duval County), Jacksonville — F-436 — Florida's First African-American Insurance Company1901-2001
The Afro-American Insurance Company, formerly the Afro-American Industrial and Benefits Association, was founded in 1901 to provide affordable health insurance and death benefits to the state's African-Americans. Founded by the Reverend E.J. Gregg, . . . Map (db m59633) HM
59Florida (Duval County), Jacksonville — Mid-Westside JacksonvilleHistoric African-American Sites
By the 1930s the African-American community of Sugar Hill continued to expand north and west of West Eighth Street and spilled over into another region, Mid-Westside Jacksonville, defined by the following boundaries, I-95 (east), Martin Luther . . . Map (db m149108) HM
60Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — Historic Harlem Academy / School #2
The historic Harlem Academy, known as "The Mother of African- American Schools," was the first public school erected for African- American children in Tampa. The first classes were held in 1868 in the Hillsborough County Courthouse. In the . . . Map (db m27707) HM
61Florida (Indian River County), Wabasso — F-912 — Allen Chapel African Methodist Episcopal Church
Beulah African Methodist Episcopal Church was the first house of worship in Wabasso to be affiliated with a national congregation. Its founders settled here in the early 1900s as laborers in agriculture, lumber, turpentine, and construction, the . . . Map (db m112156) HM
62Florida (Jackson County), Marianna — F-920 — The West End Community
As early as 1825, African Americans settled in the Jackson County area. After 1865, interconnected communities developed their own infrastructure including cemeteries, schools, and churches. From these communities, a large population came together . . . Map (db m101421) HM
63Florida (Miami-Dade County), Coconut Grove — Churches
(side 1) Originally African American residents of Coconut Grove attended integrated religious services at Union Chapel, now known as Plymouth Congregational Church. The African Americans, who were used to a more spirited religious . . . Map (db m120630) HM
64Florida (Miami-Dade County), Miami — Charles Avenue
The first black community on the South Florida mainland began here in the late 1880s when Blacks primarily from the Bahamas came via Key West to work at the Peacock Inn. Their first hand experience with tropical plants and building materials proved . . . Map (db m75597) HM
65Florida (Palm Beach County), Delray Beach — City of Delray Beach
In recognition of these Organizations’ contributions to the cultural development of Delray Beach, the City Commission designated these locations as historic sites on April 11, 1989. • 1895 School No. 4 Delray Colored, located at this site • . . . Map (db m96880) HM
66Florida (Palm Beach County), Delray Beach — Delray History
After the Civil War, the population in the Confederate States declined dramatically as a result of the mass exodus of freed slaves. In Florida, however, the population increased from around 140,000 in 1860 to 530,000 in 1900. Half of these early . . . Map (db m96882) HM
67Florida (Palm Beach County), Jupiter — F-890 — L.M. Davis Elementary School
Education was a challenging priority for the African-American community of Limestone Creek. Denied access to Jupiter’s nearby public schools by segregation laws, the community opened its own school in 1905. The “Jupiter Colored School,” . . . Map (db m95663) HM
68Florida (Pasco County), Dade City — Dade City Cemetery
Oak Grove Baptist Church and Cemetery were established here in the early 1870s by Rev. R. E. Bell. Church minutes of 1877 describe the location as "Oak Grove, Florida." By 1886 it was referred to as "Dade City Baptist Church." In the early 1890s the . . . Map (db m10480) HM
69Florida (Pasco County), Dade City — Mount Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church
Organized in the late 1800s at Lake Buddy, this congregation moved into Dade City and became known as Mount Zion AME Church. In 1903, with 29 members, a frame meeting house was built. It was later modified to serve as the parsonage. The present . . . Map (db m67654) HM
70Florida (Pasco County), Land O' Lakes — Ehren African American Community / Mount Carmel Church And Cemetery
Ehren African American Community The Ehren Pine Company sawmill employed a large number of local African Americans, many of whom lived in company housing. Others worked in agriculture and for the railroad. Serving the spiritual needs . . . Map (db m67640) HM
71Florida (Pinellas County), Dunedin — Dunedin's African-American Community
Since the 1880’s, this neighborhood has hosted a vibrant African-American community. The residents, some descended from former slaves, migrated from other places and contributed greatly to the development and culture of Dunedin. The local churches . . . Map (db m152897) HM
72Florida (Polk County), Bartow — PCHC-026 — Union Academy High School1897-1969
Side 1 Union Academy was the fulfillment of the dream of local African American pioneers seeking to advance the moral and cultural welfare of young people through education. By the 1870s, west Bartow's First Providence Missionary Baptist . . . Map (db m146231) HM
73Florida (Polk County), Winter Haven — F-605 — Historic Pughsville Neighborhood
Pughsville was one of Winter Haven's earliest neighborhoods, populated predominately by African Americans. These individuals cleared land and settled in what is now the southwest section of the city. For many decades, Pughsville remained a vibrant . . . Map (db m24588) HM
74Florida (Sarasota County), Sarasota — First Black Community
(side 1) This Black community grew as businessmen, fishermen, physicians, nurses, teachers, farmers, contractors, carpenters, laborers, drivers, masons, blacksmiths, laundry workers and railroad workers made this area their home. Along . . . Map (db m146209) HM
75Florida (Seminole County), Casselberry — Evergreen Cemetery
The history of the cemetery dates back to 1890 when Laura and William Brawner donated 16 acres of land for the establishment of a cemetery for black slaves. It was named Evergreen. During this time, blacks and whites were not allowed to be buried . . . Map (db m101769) HM
76Florida (Seminole County), Oviedo — Jamestown
(side 1) The name "JAMESTOWN" is a tribute to Benjamin and Esther James. The James' homesteaded about 1900 on 160 acres in the area known as "The Woods" on the northern edge of the settlement of Gabriella. Mr. Ben James built a home and . . . Map (db m92964) HM
77Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — Georgetown
The community of Georgetown, a suburb east of Sanford Avenue, and north of Celery Avenue was established circa 1870. It was comprised of lots sold by Henry Sanford to the early black pioneers who had made their way from Virginia, the Carolinas, West . . . Map (db m54205) HM
78Florida (Seminole County), Sanford — St. James African Methodist Episcopal ChurchErected - 1910-1913 — 819 Cypress Avenue —
Saint James African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church has been located on Cypress Avenue since 1880 on land purchased from General Henry S. Sanford. The current structure was designed by Prince W. Spears and built in 1910-1913. The design of the . . . Map (db m54207) HM
79Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 33 Bernard StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
Bernard Street is one of three historically black residential streets in the North City area, dating back to the Flagler Era. At the west end of the street were a lumber yard, steam laundry, and ice plant that provided employment. Other residents . . . Map (db m17913) HM
80Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 81 Bridge StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
This Victorian house in the historic Lincolnville neighborhood (founded by freed slaves after the Civil War) became a civil rights landmark in 1964. It was a gathering place for people in the movement, where they could meet, rest, seek solace, and . . . Map (db m40729) HM
81Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 84 St. Benedict StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
The narrow streets and small building lots of this area mark it as the earliest part of Lincolnville, founded by freed slaves after the Civil War and now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. An earlier house that stood on this site . . . Map (db m102339) HM
82Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — St. Paul A.M.E. Church85 Central Ave. — Lincolnville —
“According to HIS Divine Light. To Each Of Us, God Has Given A Talent; Some to Lead, Some to Follow, Some to Build!” In January 1904, plans were made to build the present church. Rev. E.F. Williams is remembered as architect and builder. He . . . Map (db m73912) HM
83Florida (Suwannee County), Live Oak — F-955 — Edward Waters College Original Site
Live Oak was the birthplace of Edward Waters College, Florida's oldest black college. Here, the Rev. Charles H. Pearce, Elder of the African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church, envisioned an institution to educate newly-freed slaves. In 1866, aided by . . . Map (db m113144) HM
84Florida (Volusia County), DeLeon Springs — F-930 — DeLeon Springs Colored School
(side 1) African American families living in DeLeon Springs in the 1920s needed a better school. The Mt. Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church was no longer adequate and classes moved to St. Joseph Lodge, but it also was too small. In . . . Map (db m101681) HM
85Georgia (Athens-Clarke County), Athens — 29-3 — Louis H. Persley(1888-1932)
Originally from Macon, Georgia, African-American architect Louis H. Persley attended Lincoln University, and graduated from Carnegie Institute of Technology in 1914. Persley then joined the faculty of the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. One of his . . . Map (db m11753) HM
86Georgia (Bibb County), Macon — Civil War Era Maconites of African AncestryLocation of Ellen Smith Craft's Dwelling behind Home of Dr. Robert & Eliza Smith Collins
In 1860 the population of Bibb County was 16,289. The 6,790 slaves and free persons of color were the backbone of “King Cotton.” There were at least three slave depots (markets) on Poplar Street. Many slaves and freedman worked as . . . Map (db m99469) HM
87Georgia (Bulloch County), Brooklet — Brooklet, Georgia
Brooklet, known for its avenue of oak trees, took shape at the end of the 19th century on property owned by A.J. Lee. Optimistic citizens built a new town beside the recently completed Savannah & Statesboro Railroad. Dr. H.K. Thayer, an early . . . Map (db m107867) HM
88Georgia (Chatham County), Savannah — 025-91 — Saint Phillips Monumental A.M.E. Church
The first African Methodist Church in Georgia was organized by the Rev. A. L. Stanford on June 16, 1865, at Savannah, Georgia and was given the name Saint Phillip African Methodist Episcopal Church. Two months and fifteen days later, the Sunday . . . Map (db m9392) HM
89Georgia (Fayette County), Fayetteville — 56-4 — Flat Rock African Methodist Episcopal Church
Today’s Flat Rock AME Church originated in 1854 as a place of worship for slaves on nearby Spears Plantation, and it is believed to be the oldest African-American congregation in Fayette County. Originally known as Rocky Mount, the church moved . . . Map (db m22973) HM
90Georgia (Fayette County), Peachtree City — 56-1 — Holly Grove African Methodist Episcopal Church
This church was organized in 1897 near the banks of Camp Creek in an unincorporated area of western Fayette County. Until the first sanctuary was constructed here on land and with building materials donated by Flem Arnall, services were held under a . . . Map (db m22971) HM
91Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — Big Bethel A.M.E. Church220 Auburn Avenue — Martin Luther King, Jr., National Historic Site —
Big Bethel served as Sweet Auburn's City Hall, the site of mass meetings to improve the lives of Atlanta's blacks in the first half of the 20th century. The church established the Gate City Colored School, the first public school for black students . . . Map (db m186416) HM
92Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 6 — Big Bethel A.M.E. ChurchAuburn Avenue
The churches of Auburn Avenue — especially Big Bethel A.M.E., Wheat Street Baptist and Ebenezer Baptist — have played a dual role: they are places of worship, and they are centers of political, economic and social activity. Founded during the . . . Map (db m186415) HM
93Georgia (Liberty County), Hinesville — Pleasant Grove African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church and Camp Meeting
Pleasant Grove A.M.E. Church was organized June 29, 1869 at Taylors Creek, GA. Rev. Piner Martin was the first pastor. The first church, a small frame house, was named A.M.E. Church of the U.S.A. Sixteen acres of land were later purchased to build a . . . Map (db m15709) HM
94Georgia (Muscogee County), Columbus — First Black Public School
Near here, in July 1872, the first local public school for black students was opened. The school was the result of an action by the City Council directing the Trustees of the Columbus Public Schools to set up classes for blacks. For the first of . . . Map (db m23120) HM
95Georgia (Muscogee County), Columbus — Ninth Street Branch YMCA
Side 1: In 1901, George Foster Peabody and his brothers made an offer to the colored men and boys of Columbus to build a YMCA on the condition they raise $1,000, purchase a building lot and get membership of 300 men. On Sunday, . . . Map (db m57806) HM
96Georgia (Muscogee County), Columbus — Radcliff School
In the fall of 1914 Radcliff School was organized in Allen Temple A.M.E. Church. At that time it was known as Wynnton Hill School. J. L. Bond was principal and the first head teacher was Mrs. S. A. Cody. When the building burned, the school was . . . Map (db m22409) HM
97Georgia (Muscogee County), Columbus — Saint John African Methodist Episcopal Church
This one-story Victorian Gothic structure dates back to 1870. The cornerstone of the church indicates that the building was constructed in 1870 with the basement added in 1890. This suggests that the original wooden church was raised, a basement . . . Map (db m45599) HM
98Georgia (Muscogee County), Columbus — St. James AME Church
St. James African Methodist Episcopal Church was organized in 1863. The present church is built on land granted by act of the Georgia Legislature in 1873. It was erected in 1876 under the pastorate of Rev. Wesley J. Gaines, at a cost of $20,000. . . . Map (db m45680) HM
99Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Archery, Georgia
This rural community of Archery, established in the 1800’s, consisted of a train stop, houses of railroad employees, the St. Mark African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church, a school for black youth, and a store. The community was named for Sublime . . . Map (db m56731) HM
100Indiana (Delaware County), Muncie — 18.1996.1 — Shaffer Chapel African Methodist Episcopal Church
Structure, circa 1893, is Muncie's oldest standing public school building. Purchased by church congregation, circa 1928. Rallying point in August 1930 when bodies of two African-American men, lynched in Marion, were brought to Muncie for embalmment . . . Map (db m31346) HM

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Nov. 29, 2022