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Historical Markers and War Memorials in St. Augustine

 
Clickable Map of St. Johns County, Florida and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg St. Johns County, FL (345) Clay County, FL (22) Duval County, FL (210) Flagler County, FL (47) Putnam County, FL (46)  St.JohnsCounty(345) St. Johns County (345)  ClayCounty(22) Clay County (22)  DuvalCounty(210) Duval County (210)  FlaglerCounty(47) Flagler County (47)  PutnamCounty(46) Putnam County (46)
St. Augustine, Florida and Vicinity
    St. Johns County (345)
    Clay County (22)
    Duval County (210)
    Flagler County (47)
    Putnam County (46)
 
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GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Our Native Son Lieutenant General Ronald L. Bailey
Side 1 General Bailey was born and once played in/shared the culture of the neighborhood of West Augustine, directed by his parents and the elementary school personnel. Born during the civil rights era which was spearheaded locally by Florida . . . — Map (db m156555) HM
2Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 10 Hildreth DriveACCORD Freedom Trail
Fullerwood School was built in 1927 and is the only example in St. Augustine of the work of noted architect A. Ten Eyck Brown (1878-1940), famed for his courthouses, banks, and city halls in New Orleans, Miami and Atlanta. His name is on the . . . — Map (db m40725) HM
3Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 102 M.L. King AvenueACCORD Freedom Trail
This area in the heart of Lincolnville was associated with black education for nearly a century. This lot was the site of the Presbyterian Parochial and Industrial School, headed by Rev. James H. Cooper. It was demolished in 1940 and the grounds . . . — Map (db m40701) HM
4Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 1074 West King StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
This was the home of Mrs. Georgie Mae Reed (1926-1995), who took part in one of the most famous events in the civil rights movement that changed America and inspired the world. On March 31, 1964, Mrs. Reed was one of five St. Augustine women who . . . — Map (db m65420) HM
5Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 111 Lincoln StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
Constructed before 1885, this is one of the oldest surviving buildings in Lincolnville, an historic neighborhood founded by freed slaves after the Civil War. It was home to two generations of the Moran family. Horace Moran was the chef at the . . . — Map (db m21194) HM
6Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 112 M.L. King AvenueACCORD Freedom Trail
This house was built between 1904 and 1910 on what was then called Central Avenue. The name was changed in 1986. There are many streets in America named to honor Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., but this one is special because he actually walked on it . . . — Map (db m17915) HM
7Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 113 DeHaven StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
This was the home of Oscar Turner (1898-1987) and his wife Mabel (1903-1978). Their daughter, Mattie, married educator and coach A. Malcolm Jones, the principal of Richard J. Murray High School, for whom the recreational field at the nearby Willie . . . — Map (db m40698) HM
8Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 120 DeHaven StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
This house was built in the 1920s and purchased a decade later by Jutson Ayers, who worked as an alligator wrestler for a quarter of a century at the St. Augustine Alligator Farm before his death in 1958. His widow, Mrs. Rena Ayers, gave important . . . — Map (db m17914) HM
9Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 156 M.L. King AvenueACCORD Freedom Trail
The house at 156 Central Avenue was built in the 1950's for Mrs. Janie Price, a nurse at Flagler Hospital. She had taken her nurse's training at Grady Hospital in Atlanta in the 1940s and while there had attended dances with students from Morehouse . . . — Map (db m7627) HM
10Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 160 M.L. King AvenueACCORD Freedom Trail
The southern half of Lincolnville was, in colonial times, a plantation called "Buena Esperanza" (Spanish for "Good Hope"). During the Flagler Era of the 1880s, it was bought by Standard Oil millionaire William Warden and developed as a residential . . . — Map (db m40699) HM
11Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 1740 Siege
In 1740, General James Oglethorpe of Georgia, vowed to "take St. Augustine or leave my bones before its walls." The Spanish Governor Manuel de Montiano vowed in turn to "shed his last drop of blood" in defense of the town. Neither had to keep their . . . — Map (db m46349) HM
12Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 177 Twine StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
The event that brought the civil rights movement in St. Augustine to international attention was the arrest of Mary Parkman Peabody (1891-1981), the 72-year old mother of the Governor of Massachusetts, for trying to be served in a racially . . . — Map (db m7610) HM
13Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 1872 North PrivySt. Augustine Lighthouse
This small brick structure was originally a privy (outhouse), likely built before the house sometime between 1872 and 1875 (there was also one in the south corner). It was turned into a shed after indoor plumbing and bathrooms were added to the . . . — Map (db m126898) HM
14Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 1872 South PrivySt. Augustine Lighthouse
These bricks are the remains of the south privy (outhouse), built for use primarily by tourists rather than the keepers’ families. At some point during its history this outhouse was converted into a toilet. The smaller brick square just to the . . . — Map (db m126954) HM
15Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 1886 WellSt. Augustine Lighthouse
Just to the east of this well stood the original wooden kitchens, used prior to adding the brick kitchens on either side of the keepers’ house. The well had a pump handle, like the one you see between the two old kitchens in the picture to . . . — Map (db m126897) HM
16Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 1888 Outdoor KitchensSt. Augustine Lighthouse
This is one of two brick kitchens added in 1888, replacing former wooden kitchens that were located closer to the lighthouse tower. Before indoor air conditioning and safer cooking techniques, kitchens were detached from houses to protect them from . . . — Map (db m126957) HM
17Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 1902 Steam-Powered Tractor
Gaar Scott & Company, established in 1895 in Richmond, Indiana, manufactured a long line of tractors, threshing machines, and steam engines from 1842 through 1911, including this 1902 model. This enormous cast-iron and steel tractor, weighing some . . . — Map (db m126113) HM
18Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 222 Riberia StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
Bethel Baptist Church was founded in 1939 by Rev. William Banks, the former pastor of St. Mary's Missionary Baptist Church on Washington Street, and other members from that congregation. Land was acquired on Riberia Street, and the church building . . . — Map (db m21207) HM
19Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 262 West King StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
Leo C. Chase, Sr., who had previously managed the Huff Funeral Home in Lincolnville, opened one of the oldest businesses in St. Augustine, this funeral home in 1955. His son, Arnett Chase, took over after his father's death in 1977. Another son, Leo . . . — Map (db m40723) HM
20Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 31 King StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
The Ponce de Leon Shopping Center opened in 1955 as the first downtown shopping center in St. Augustine. It was designed by Morris Lapidus (1902-2001), Florida's most famous mid-twentieth century architect, and is the only example of his work in the . . . — Map (db m7696) HM
21Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 33 Bernard StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
Bernard Street is one of three historically black residential streets in the North City area, dating back to the Flagler Era. At the west end of the street were a lumber yard, steam laundry, and ice plant that provided employment. Other residents . . . — Map (db m17913) HM
22Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 5480 Atlantic ViewACCORD Freedom Trail
This beach cottage attracted international attention in 1964, and a photograph taken here of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. pointing to a bullet hole in the window has become one of the iconic images of the civil rights movement. It was the winter home . . . — Map (db m40697) HM
23Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 56 Park PlaceACCORD Freedom Trail
This house, overlooking Maria Sanchez Lake, was built in the 1950's for a distinguished family of educators. James G. Reddick was a longtime principal of Excelsior School and his wife Maude was the supervisor of black schools in St. Augustine in the . . . — Map (db m21187) HM
24Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 57 Chapin StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
57 Chapin Street was once the home of Willie Galimore (1935-1964), the most famous athlete to come from St. Augustine. A three-time Pittsburgh Courier All-American football player at Florida A & M University under the legendary coach Jake Gaither, . . . — Map (db m7732) HM
25Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 570 Christopher StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
This was the home of Rev. Roscoe Halyard and his wife Flora, both active participants in the civil rights movement of the 1960s. Rev. Halyard, who was associated with Zion Baptist Church and worked as a carpenter, made trips to both Tallahassee and . . . — Map (db m21208) HM
26Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 64 Washington StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
64 Washington Street was the Florida State Headquarters of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) during and after the civil rights demonstrations of 1964. SCLC was founded in 1957 by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. after the successful . . . — Map (db m7607) HM
27Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 650 Julia StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
This house was built in 2008 by Habitat for Humanity for one of the Ancient City's civil rights heroes, Audrey Nell Edwards. Along with JoeAnn Anderson Ulmer, Samuel White, and Willie Carl Singleton, she was one of the "St. Augustine Four." As young . . . — Map (db m40724) HM
28Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 21 — 76 Washington StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
The St. Augustine office of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was located in this building from the 1970's until the early 1990's. The organization's roots in the Ancient City began much earlier. William English . . . — Map (db m21181) HM
29Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 79 Bridge StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
The Rudcarlie Building at 79 Bridge Street was built in the 1950's by Dr. Rudolph N. Gordon (1901-1959) and named for the members of his family. Rudolph, Carlotta, and Rosalie. It was the first medical/dental office constructed in St. Augustine . . . — Map (db m7640) HM
30Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 8 Dr. R.B. Hayling PlaceACCORD Freedom Trail
The house at 8 Scott Street was built in the 1950s as part of Rollins Subdivision, a new residential area where many prominent black St. Augustinians made their homes. In the early 1960s it was the residence of Dr. Robert B. Hayling and family. A . . . — Map (db m7628) HM
31Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 8 inch Columbiad
A part of the armament of historic Fort Marion (Castillo de San Marcos) before, during and after the Civil War Presented to the City of St. Augustine by the U.S. War Department June 12, 1900 — Map (db m46800) HM
32Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 81 Bridge StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
This Victorian house in the historic Lincolnville neighborhood (founded by freed slaves after the Civil War) became a civil rights landmark in 1964. It was a gathering place for people in the movement, where they could meet, rest, seek solace, and . . . — Map (db m40729) HM
33Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 84 Bridge StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
Trinity United Methodist Church is the oldest congregation in historic Lincolnville and one of the oldest Protestant congregations in Florida. Its origins date to the early American period, in the 1820s, when a Methodist missionary came to St. . . . — Map (db m21206) HM
34Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 84 St. Benedict StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
The narrow streets and small building lots of this area mark it as the earliest part of Lincolnville, founded by freed slaves after the Civil War and now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. An earlier house that stood on this site . . . — Map (db m102339) HM
35Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 94 South StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
This has been the home to the Whites, one of the outstanding families active in the 1963-1964 civil rights movement in St. Augustine. Parents James (a decorated Buffalo Soldier from World War II) and Hattie Lee White both took part in demonstrations . . . — Map (db m40700) HM
36Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 96 Evergreen AvenueACCORD Freedom Trail
Zion Baptist Church, with its distinctive double towers, was built in 1921 to house a congregation originally organized in 1886. It is the last house of worship passed by many funerals on their way to several nearby cemeteries, including the one . . . — Map (db m7803) HM
37Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 97 M.L. King AvenueACCORD Freedom Trail
97 Martin Luther King Avenue was built in the 1920s by Frederick E. Martin, a prominent Lincolnville businessman whose name is set in the tile inside the front door. It was a popular confectionery and sundries store under many owners, drawing some . . . — Map (db m7727) HM
38Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — A Microcosm of Urban Archaeology in Downtown St. Augustine, Florida
Introduction St. Augustine's colonial downtown district exists as the most enduring location of European origin in the United States, having been settled since 1572. A diverse array of archaeological resources, the result of 400+ years of . . . — Map (db m102336) HM
39Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — A National Cemetery System
Civil War Dead An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the U.S. government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury fallen Union . . . — Map (db m127668) HM
40Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Acosta HouseReconstructed 1976
Built between 1803 and 1812 by Jorge Acosta (c.1764-1812), a native of Corsica, and husband of Margarita Villalonga, born in St. Augustine of Minorcan parents. — Map (db m102394) HM
41Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Address by President LincolnAt the Dedication of The Gettysburg National Cemetery — November 19, 1863 —
Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that . . . — Map (db m144126) HM WM
42Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — African OriginsFort Mose Historic State Park
Fort Mose (Moh-Say) was a multicultural community of people originally from West and Central Africa, along with some Native Americans. Some of the residents of Mose, like Francisco Menéndez, fought in the 1715 Yamasee War against the . . . — Map (db m126973) HM
43Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Alcazar Hotel / City Hall
Built by Henry Flagler, the Alcázar Hotel opened as a companion to the Ponce de León in 1888. The building, one of the first multi-storied structures in the country constructed with poured concrete, was designed by John M. Carrere and Thomas . . . — Map (db m115580) HM
44Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — An Archaeological Discovery
In 2011, archaeologists from the University of Florida made an unexpected discovery at this spot. Coquina and oyster shell foundations, outlining a building of at least 90 by 40 feet, were uncovered just inches under the sod. Artifacts associated . . . — Map (db m146511) HM
45Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Anderson Cottage
By the year 1870, a widowed Clarissa Fairbanks Anderson had built on her property, known as “Markland,” a gable-roofed, frame “winter cottage” for guests. In 1885, her son, Dr. Andrew Anderson, Jr., sold part of the . . . — Map (db m100592) HM
46Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Andrew Young CrossingPeaceful Protest for Civil Rights
At this location on June 9th, 1964, Civil Rights Movement Leader Andrew Young led a march from Lincolnville to the Plaza de la Constitución where they met violent opposition. Young had been sent to St. Augustine by the Reverend Martin Luther King, . . . — Map (db m107336) HM
47Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Archaeology at the 17th Century Shrine of Nuestra Señora de la Lecheat Mission Nombre de Dios
Archaeologists from Flagler College and the University of Florida, in collaboration with the Diocese of St. Augustine, are excavating the remains of the Shrine built here in 1687 by the Governor of Florida in honor of Nuestra Señora de la Leche y . . . — Map (db m146512) HM
48Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Archaeology at the Nombre de Dios Mission — Nuestra Señora de La Leche Shrine
Archaeological excavations at the Nombre de Dios Mission/Nuestra Señora de La Leche Shrine site have been undertaken by University of Florida archaeologists since 1985. The digs have been carried out in search of the earliest sixteenth century . . . — Map (db m146513) HM
49Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Arriving in Style
If you visited St. Augustine at the turn of the century, you would have traveled to Florida aboard a steamboat on the St. Johns River to Tocoi, 18 miles west of St. Augustine. At Tocoi, you boarded the St. Johns Railroad for a four hour ride in . . . — Map (db m134497) HM
50Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway
The body of water in front of you is the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway (AICW). The Intracoastal Waterway is also known as the Marine I-95. The AICW is a marked continuous navigation channel that begins in Virginia and ends in Key West. The AICW . . . — Map (db m143619) HM
51Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Avero HouseFirst Spanish Colonial Period, Built 1735-1743 (Restored 1979)
The Avero family lived on this property from 1712 until 1804 even before the existing building was constructed, with the exception of the British occupation period during 1763-1783. The restoration was undertaken to approximate the character of the . . . — Map (db m111092) HM
52Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Balcón de los ReyesBalcony of the King
From this balcony, Their Majesties Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofia of Spain extended greetings to the people of St. Augustine. April 1, 2001 — Map (db m127491) HM
53Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — F-526 — Black Catholic Heritage
This block of property owned by the Catholic Church contains three historic buildings that embody an important part of African American heritage of St. Augustine. It was part of Yallaha orange grove plantation before the Civil War and was . . . — Map (db m102735) HM
54Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Bloody MoseFort Mose Historic State Park
In 1740, the English attacked St. Augustine, but departed after a bloody battle at Fort Mose. Georgia Governor James Oglethorpe invaded Florida with a sizable force, including Lower Creeks and Uchise Indian allies. Fort Mose inhabitants . . . — Map (db m126968) HM
55Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — British EnslavementFort Mose Historic State Park
Once in English Carolina, the enslaved Africans were forced into labor and had no legal standing and few rights. Africans labored on indigo plantations, and as lumbermen and cattlemen. They produced materials for shipbuilding and cleared . . . — Map (db m126965) HM
56Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — British Quarters
During the American Revolution, St. Augustine was a base for British military activity in the South. The English added second floors in this and other rooms to make more space for storage and quarters. — Map (db m46536) HM
57Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — CannonCañones
Although the Castillo's high walls and moat were a substantial obstacle to anyone trying to capture the fort, the cannon here on the gundeck (or terreplein) were the were the real strength of the fort. With a range of over a mile, the cannon could . . . — Map (db m46346) HM
58Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Canova-Dow and Canova-de Medicis HousesTerritorial Period, Built ca. 1840
These two buildings, at 42 and 46 Bridge Street, are among the few Territorial Period buildings left in the city which represent the time period between 1821 and 1845. Antonio Canova purchased the property and built these structures for his sons. . . . — Map (db m111551) HM
59Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Canova-Prince Murat HouseSecond Spanish Colonial Period, Built ca. 1815
Building patterns were influenced by the royal decree of 1573 to situate buildings and walls along the street edge for defensive purposes. The Prince Murat house is one of the remaining Spanish Colonial buildings and is significant for its . . . — Map (db m108318) HM
60Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Casa AveroSt. Photios — National Greek Orthodox Shrine —
Built 1749 - Restored 1979This shrine is dedicated to the memory of the 400 Greeks who arrived in St. Augustine in 1768, took on fresh supplies, then journeyed south to help settle the colony of New Smyrna, Florida. After ten difficult years, the . . . — Map (db m46789) HM
61Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Casa de Nicolas de OrtegaArmourer
Built ca. 1740 Reconstructed 1967 A house representative of the first Spanish period with minor British modifications. The reconstruction of this residence was made possible from contributions of A.D. Davis and J.E. Davis Winn Dixie . . . — Map (db m107554) HM
62Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Casa Horruytiner
Pedro Horruytiner y Pueyo was the first documented owner of this house, a member of a prominent Spanish family. Don Pedro Benedit Horruytiner and Don Luis de Horruytiner were governors of Florida during the First Spanish Period (1565-1763). It . . . — Map (db m111752) HM
63Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Cast Iron Gun
. . . — Map (db m46814) HM
64Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Castillo de San MarcosNational Historic Civil Engineering Landmark
National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark American Society of Civil Engineers 1852 Castillo de San Marcos ASCE 1976Map (db m127741) HM
65Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Castillo de San MarcosCastillo de San Marcos National Monument
Castillo de San Marcos (English) Explore the oldest masonry fort in the continental United States. For hundreds of years Castillo de San Marcos has watched over St. Augustine. From the upper gun deck, see how this massive fort guarded . . . — Map (db m127753) HM
66Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Castillo de San Marcos National Monument
This Spanish fort, begun in 1672, stood firm against English attacks and helped Spain to hold Florida for many years. During the American Revolution it was a British stronghold. Later it became a U.S. Military Prison. — Map (db m127652) HM
67Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Castillo de San Marcos National Monument
This Spanish fort, begun in 1672, stood firm against English attacks and helped Spain to hold Florida for many years. During the American Revolution, it was a British stronghold. Later it became a battery in the U.S. coastal defense system. — Map (db m127654) HM
68Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Cathedral Basilica of St. AugustineSecond Spanish Period, Built 1793-1797
The Cathedral Basilica is a significant structure representing the oldest Roman Catholic parish in the United States, architectural designs by Mariano de la Rocque (1797) and James Renwick (following an 1887 fire), and the successes of historic . . . — Map (db m112492) HM
69Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Chain GangsThe Convict Lease System
Following the Civil War and the reconstruction period the state of Florida found itself in debt. As a way to offset some of the state’s expenditures, newly elected governor George Drew put into practice the convict leasing system in 1877. Prisoners . . . — Map (db m79584) HM
70Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Chapel of St. MarkCapilla de San Marcos
In time of danger, the chapel was a spiritual haven for both soldiers and townspeople. Before the altar, the priest offered mass. The walls were white, with a red band at floor level. The holy water fonts are still in place. — Map (db m46538) HM
71Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Closing the Door / Protegiendo el accesoFort Matanzas National Monument
Closing the Door (English) The Spanish built Fort Matanzas to protect the southern approach to St. Augustine. Spanish ships from Cuba used this waterway to resupply the town during the 1740 British siege. After the siege, they built this . . . — Map (db m127495) HM
72Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Cofradia Site Coquina Wellca. 1614-1657
The 1990 excavation of this coquina block well revealed furniture fragments from the 1600s, a rarity among St. Augustine's artifacts. Most likely, the well was built in the early 1600s and filled quickly about 1670 with household items from a . . . — Map (db m93269) HM
73Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Constitution MonumentMonumento a la Constitution — 1813 —
: On March 19, 1812, the Spanish Parliament in Cadiz wrote the first Spanish Constitution and issued a Royal Decree for all Spanish towns throughout the empire to build monuments and rename their main plazas La Plaza de la Constitucion in . . . — Map (db m143638) HM
74Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Coquina - Foundation of St. Augustine
Wooden Buildings Offered Little Protection Founded in 1565, St. Augustine suffered Indian attacks, pirate raids, and military invasions. Within the first hundred years, nine wooden forts were burned, destroyed by storms, or had simply rotted . . . — Map (db m127408) HM
75Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Coquina in These WallsCoquina en Estas Paredes
Coquina in these Walls (English) Special to the architecture of Government House and St. Augustine's defenses, churches, and residences is coquina, a rare native shell stone formed over a long period of geological time and quarried since . . . — Map (db m127486) HM
76Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Cordova Hotel/County Courthouse
Designed and built by Franklin W. Smith, the Casa Monica Hotel opened in January 1888. The medieval Spanish style structure was one of the earliest multi-storied buildings in the United States constructed of poured concrete. In April 1888, Henry M. . . . — Map (db m129656) HM
77Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Covered WayCamino Cubierto
The man-made hill around the fort, called the glacis (gla'sis), "covers" or protects this area from enemy fire. Capturing a fort's covered way usually involved a bloody assault. — Map (db m46548) HM
78Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Crumbling Coquina / Piedra frágilFort Matanzas National Monument
Crumbling Coquina Fort Matanzas was built using coquina, a local limestone. This porous limestone is made from millions of seashells pressed together for thousands of years. The Spanish coated the fort walls with plaster made . . . — Map (db m127498) HM
79Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Crumbling Coquina / Piedra frágilCastillo de San Marcos National Monument
Crumbling Coquina (English) Castillo de San Marcos was built using coquina, a local limestone. This porous limestone is made from millions of seashells pressed together for thousands of years. The Spanish coated the fort walls . . . — Map (db m127745) HM
80Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Dade Pyramids
These three pyramids cover vaults containing the individually unidentified remains of 1468 soldiers of the Florida Indian Wars 1835-1842 The Florida Indian Wars began with the murder of an Indian agent at Fort King on December 25, 1835. . . . — Map (db m77411) HM WM
81Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — F-592 — Davis Shores
Until the 1920s the northwest corner of Anastasia Island was a swampy lowland with occasional peaks of high ground. In 1925, wealthy Florida land developer D.P. Davis purchased the lowlands and raised them in a massive 1,500 acre dredge and fill . . . — Map (db m47390) HM
82Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Deadly Crossfire / Fuego CruzadoCastillo de San Marcos National Monument
Deadly Crossfire (English) The Spanish built the star-shaped Castillo de San Marcos in the late-1600s. The star design responded to the advent of a deadly new weapon: the cannon. The fort's complex shape meant a battery of cannons on the . . . — Map (db m127750) HM
83Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Defense in Depth / Capas de defensasCastillo de San Marcos National Monument
Defense in Depth (English) Enemy troops would have encountered an obstacle course of rising slopes, low walls, and ditches before reaching the Castillo's walls. The Spanish built this extensive defensive system to help protect the fort. . . . — Map (db m127289) HM
84Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — DeMesa - Sanchez House
DeMesa – Sanchez House ca. 1764 Recognized As A Restored Colonial Structure By The City Of St. Augustine — Map (db m143888) HM
85Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Don Pedro Menendez De Aviles
Bronze statue of the illustrious son of Aviles, Spain, Governor, Captain General “Conquistador”, and Adelantado of Florida who founded St. Augustine on September 8, 1565. The Statue was a gift of the people of St. Augustine, dedicated . . . — Map (db m132482) HM
86Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Don Pedro Menéndez de Aviles1519 - 1574
(Front):Illustrious son of Aviles, Spain Governor and Captain General, Conquistador, Adelantado in Perpetuity of Florida. Founded St. Augustine September 8, 1565 * * * * * * * * * * Statue was a gift of the people of the city of Aviles, . . . — Map (db m47053) HM
87Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Don Toledo/Gaspar Papy HouseSecond Spanish Colonial Period, Built 1803-1817
Following the typical model of Spanish Colonial site planning, this structure is situated on the street edge and features coquina stone construction with a protective stucco finish. The exposed fireplace is a reminder of another structure that was . . . — Map (db m108056) HM
88Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — F-107 — Dr. Peck House
The stone walls of this building date from before 1750 and were part of a house owned by the Royal Treasurer late in the First Spanish Period. During the British Period it served for a time as the home of Governor John Moultrie. In 1837 Dr. Seth S. . . . — Map (db m46797) HM
89Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — El Pueblo de Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de MoseFort Mose Historic State Park
Great Seal of the State of Florida:"In God We Trust" On the shore of Robinson Creek, ¼ mile east of this marker, was the site of a Spanish mission for Indians left homeless during Queen Anne's War. Since 1688, Negro slaves . . . — Map (db m126969) HM WM
90Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Elk's Rest100 Washington Street — Lincolnville —
Fountain of Youth Lodge No. 649, Benevolent Protective Order of Elks of the World and Pride of Fountain of Youth Temple No. 413. Completed in November 1958. This lodge, called Elks Rest, was at the early center of political and . . . — Map (db m77259) HM
91Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Engulfed in Flames / Devorada por las llamasCastillo de San Marcos National Monument
Engulfed in Flames (English) Spanish soldiers watch in horror as English troops set fire to their homes. They are helpless. The drawbridges are up. The soldier-settlers and their families are sheltered within the crowded fortress. Except . . . — Map (db m127748) HM
92Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Escape & FlightFort Mose Historic State Park
In 1693, Spain’s King Charles II proclaimed that any English slave who reached Spanish Florida would be granted freedom upon converting to Catholicism. By sea and land, Africans fled to St. Augustine on a dangerous journey with a strong . . . — Map (db m126966) HM
93Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Espinosa-Sanchez HouseFirst Spanish Colonial Period, Built 1702-1756
One of the few Spanish Colonial buildings remaining in St. Augustine and among a smaller group from the First Spanish Period, this structure suffered two fires and underwent many major alterations. The first documented property owner, and possible . . . — Map (db m111252) HM
94Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — EvacuationFort Mose Historic State Park
Spain ceded Florida to England in 1763, and Mose residents departed with other colonists for Cuba. During Fort Mose's final years, life on the frontier grew more difficult. Constant attacks by English and Indian raiding parties drove Mose . . . — Map (db m126971) HM
95Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — F-595 — Evergreen Cemetery
Established in 1886 outside the city limits when St. Augustine closed its small urban graveyards due to overcrowding. Evergreen became the region's largest Protestant cemetery of the late 1800s and early 1900s. The design was strongly influenced by . . . — Map (db m73842) HM
96Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Father Miguel O'Reilly HouseFirst Spanish Colonial Period, Built ca. 1690-1763
A tabby interior wall provides evidence that a portion of this building remains from the First Spanish Period before coquina stone construction took its place. Tabby was a form of construction that produced a cement slurry with an aggregate of . . . — Map (db m107452) HM
97Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Father Pedro Camps
In Memory of Father Pedro Camps the spiritual leader of the Minorcan Colony This Statue Presented To Most Reverend Paul F. Tanner Bishop of St. Augustine by Fernando A. Rubio of Minorca and . . . — Map (db m153919) HM
98Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — 4 — Father Pedro Camps1720 - 1790
Bronze statue of Father Camps and a group of Minorcan colonists. It was erected in 1975 by Minorcan descendants in memory of their spiritual leader who kept the Catholic faith alive in Florida during the British occupation that ended in 1784. . . . — Map (db m154557) HM
99Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Fernandez-Llambias House
This house was already extant in 1763, when Spain ceded Florida to Great Britain. It was then a one-story, two-room, shingle-roofed coquina stone structure owned by Pedro Fernandez. A British owner added the loggia. In 1784, when the Spanish . . . — Map (db m77290) HM
100Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Firing StepsBanquetas
After loading their muskets, the soldiers mounted these steps to fire over the parapet at the enemy. — Map (db m46512) HM

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Oct. 30, 2020