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Historical Markers and War Memorials in St. Augustine, Florida

 
Clickable Map of St. Johns County, Florida and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg St. Johns County, FL (485) Clay County, FL (124) Duval County, FL (279) Flagler County, FL (78) Putnam County, FL (62)  St.JohnsCounty(485) St. Johns County (485)  ClayCounty(124) Clay County (124)  DuvalCounty(279) Duval County (279)  FlaglerCounty(78) Flagler County (78)  PutnamCounty(62) Putnam County (62)
St. Augustine is the county seat for St. Johns County
St. Augustine is in St. Johns County
      St. Johns County (485)  
ADJACENT TO ST. JOHNS COUNTY
      Clay County (124)  
      Duval County (279)  
      Flagler County (78)  
      Putnam County (62)  
 
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1 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Our Native Son Lieutenant General Ronald L. Bailey
General Bailey was born and once played in/shared the culture of the neighborhood of West Augustine, directed by his parents and the elementary school personnel. Born during the civil rights era which was spearheaded locally by Florida Memorial . . . Map (db m156555) HM
2 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — 10 Hildreth DriveACCORD Freedom Trail
Fullerwood School was built in 1927 and is the only example in St. Augustine of the work of noted architect A. Ten Eyck Brown (1878-1940), famed for his courthouses, banks, and city halls in New Orleans, Miami and Atlanta. His name is on the . . . Map (db m40725) HM
3 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — 1074 West King StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
This was the home of Mrs. Georgie Mae Reed (1926-1995), who took part in one of the most famous events in the civil rights movement that changed America and inspired the world. On March 31, 1964, Mrs. Reed was one of five St. Augustine women who . . . Map (db m65420) HM
4 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — 262 West King StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
Leo C. Chase, Sr., who had previously managed the Huff Funeral Home in Lincolnville, opened one of the oldest businesses in St. Augustine, this funeral home in 1955. His son, Arnett Chase, took over after his father's death in 1977. Another son, . . . Map (db m40723) HM
5 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — 31 King StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
The Ponce de Leon Shopping Center opened in 1955 as the first downtown shopping center in St. Augustine. It was designed by Morris Lapidus (1902-2001), Florida's most famous mid-twentieth century architect, and is the only example of his work in the . . . Map (db m7696) HM
6 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — 5480 Atlantic ViewACCORD Freedom Trail
This beach cottage attracted international attention in 1964, and a photograph taken here of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. pointing to a bullet hole in the window has become one of the iconic images of the civil rights movement. It was the winter . . . Map (db m40697) HM
7 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — 57 Chapin StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
57 Chapin Street was once the home of Willie Galimore (1935-1964), the most famous athlete to come from St. Augustine. A three-time Pittsburgh Courier All-American football player at Florida A & M University under the legendary coach Jake Gaither, . . . Map (db m7732) HM
8 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — 570 Christopher StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
This was the home of Rev. Roscoe Halyard and his wife Flora, both active participants in the civil rights movement of the 1960s. Rev. Halyard, who was associated with Zion Baptist Church and worked as a carpenter, made trips to both Tallahassee and . . . Map (db m21208) HM
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9 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — 650 Julia StreetACCORD Freedom Trail
This house was built in 2008 by Habitat for Humanity for one of the Ancient City's civil rights heroes, Audrey Nell Edwards. Along with JoeAnn Anderson Ulmer, Samuel White, and Willie Carl Singleton, she was one of the "St. Augustine Four." As . . . Map (db m40724) HM
10 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — 8 Dr. R.B. Hayling PlaceACCORD Freedom Trail Reported missing
The house at 8 Scott Street was built in the 1950s as part of Rollins Subdivision, a new residential area where many prominent black St. Augustinians made their homes. In the early 1960s it was the residence of Dr. Robert B. Hayling and family. A . . . Map (db m7628) HM
11 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — 96 Evergreen AvenueACCORD Freedom Trail
Zion Baptist Church, with its distinctive double towers, was built in 1921 to house a congregation originally organized in 1886. It is the last house of worship passed by many funerals on their way to several nearby cemeteries, including the one . . . Map (db m7803) HM
12 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — A National Cemetery System
Civil War Dead An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the U.S. government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury fallen Union . . . Map (db m127668) HM
13 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Address by President LincolnAt the Dedication of The Gettysburg National Cemetery — November 19, 1863 —
Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that . . . Map (db m144126) HM WM
14 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — African OriginsFort Mose Historic State Park
Fort Mose (Moh-Say) was a multicultural community of people originally from West and Central Africa, along with some Native Americans. Some of the residents of Mose, like Francisco Menéndez, fought in the 1715 Yamasee War against the . . . Map (db m126973) HM
15 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway
The body of water in front of you is the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway (AICW). The Intracoastal Waterway is also known as the Marine I-95. The AICW is a marked continuous navigation channel that begins in Virginia and ends in Key West. The AICW . . . Map (db m143619) HM
16 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Bloody MoseFort Mose Historic State Park
In 1740, the English attacked St. Augustine, but departed after a bloody battle at Fort Mose. Georgia Governor James Oglethorpe invaded Florida with a sizable force, including Lower Creeks and Uchise Indian allies. Fort Mose inhabitants . . . Map (db m126968) HM
17 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — British EnslavementFort Mose Historic State Park
Once in English Carolina, the enslaved Africans were forced into labor and had no legal standing and few rights. Africans labored on indigo plantations, and as lumbermen and cattlemen. They produced materials for shipbuilding and cleared . . . Map (db m126965) HM
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18 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — British Military Headquarters 1767Florida National Guard
British military converted chapel and convent to military headquarters 1767. Kings Bakery constructedMap (db m162979) WM
19 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Canova-Dow and Canova-de Medicis HousesTerritorial Period, Built ca. 1840
These two buildings, at 42 and 46 Bridge Street, are among the few Territorial Period buildings left in the city which represent the time period between 1821 and 1845. Antonio Canova purchased the property and built these structures for his sons. . . . Map (db m111551) HM
20 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Canova-Prince Murat HouseSecond Spanish Colonial Period, Built ca. 1815
Building patterns were influenced by the royal decree of 1573 to situate buildings and walls along the street edge for defensive purposes. The Prince Murat house is one of the remaining Spanish Colonial buildings and is significant for its . . . Map (db m108318) HM
21 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Capture of Osceola
In 1837, Osceola (1804-1838) and several other Seminole representatives arrived at a location approximately one mile south of Fort Peyton to meet with the U.S. Government to begin peace negotiations, although the exact location is unknown. Osceola . . . Map (db m229718) HM
22 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Casa Horruytiner
Pedro Horruytiner y Pueyo was the first documented owner of this house, a member of a prominent Spanish family. Don Pedro Benedit Horruytiner and Don Luis de Horruytiner were governors of Florida during the First Spanish Period (1565-1763). It . . . Map (db m111752) HM
23 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Civil WarFlorida National Guard
Civil War Gettysburg, PA Chickamauga, GA Olustee, FL Cold Harbor, VA 1861- 1865Map (db m163336) WM
24 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Closing the Door / Protegiendo el accesoFort Matanzas National Monument
Closing the Door (English) The Spanish built Fort Matanzas to protect the southern approach to St. Augustine. Spanish ships from Cuba used this waterway to resupply the town during the 1740 British siege. After the siege, they built this . . . Map (db m127495) HM
25 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Cofradia Archaeological Site
English Foundations of a Stone House Wooden boards sit atop and mark the coquina stone foundations of a building that formed the street corner for more than a century (circa 1740 - 1870). Constructed by Spanish residents, the . . . Map (db m188469) HM
26 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Cofradia Site Coquina Wellca. 1614-1657 Reported permanently removed
The 1990 excavation of this coquina block well revealed furniture fragments from the 1600s, a rarity among St. Augustine's artifacts. Most likely, the well was built in the early 1600s and filled quickly about 1670 with household items from a . . . Map (db m93269) HM
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27 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Cordova Hotel/County Courthouse Reported missing
Designed and built by Franklin W. Smith, the Casa Monica Hotel opened in January 1888. The medieval Spanish style structure was one of the earliest multi-storied buildings in the United States constructed of poured concrete. In April 1888, Henry M. . . . Map (db m129656) HM
28 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Crumbling Coquina / Piedra frágilFort Matanzas National Monument
Crumbling Coquina Fort Matanzas was built using coquina, a local limestone. This porous limestone is made from millions of seashells pressed together for thousands of years. The Spanish coated the fort walls with plaster made . . . Map (db m127498) HM
29 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Dade Pyramids
These three pyramids cover vaults containing the individually unidentified remains of 1468 soldiers of the Florida Indian Wars 1835-1842 The Florida Indian Wars began with the murder of an Indian agent at Fort King on December 25, 1835. . . . Map (db m77411) HM WM
30 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Don Toledo/Gaspar Papy HouseSecond Spanish Colonial Period, Built 1803-1817
Following the typical model of Spanish Colonial site planning, this structure is situated on the street edge and features coquina stone construction with a protective stucco finish. The exposed fireplace is a reminder of another structure that was . . . Map (db m108056) HM
31 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Early Settlers on This LandFaver-Dykes State Park
The area around Pellicer Creek was granted to Spanish citizens, as early as the late 1770s. Pellicer Creek was known as Cano del Noroeste (North West Creek) in the First Spanish Period (1565 - 1763). In the British Period (1763 - 1783) . . . Map (db m208078) HM
32 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — El Pueblo de Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de MoseFort Mose Historic State Park
Great Seal of the State of Florida:"In God We Trust" On the shore of Robinson Creek, ¼ mile east of this marker, was the site of a Spanish mission for Indians left homeless during Queen Anne's War. Since 1688, Negro slaves . . . Map (db m126969) HM WM
33 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Escape & FlightFort Mose Historic State Park
In 1693, Spain’s King Charles II proclaimed that any English slave who reached Spanish Florida would be granted freedom upon converting to Catholicism. By sea and land, Africans fled to St. Augustine on a dangerous journey with a strong . . . Map (db m126966) HM
34 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — EvacuationFort Mose Historic State Park
Spain ceded Florida to England in 1763, and Mose residents departed with other colonists for Cuba. During Fort Mose's final years, life on the frontier grew more difficult. Constant attacks by English and Indian raiding parties drove . . . Map (db m126971) HM
35 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — F-595 — Evergreen Cemetery
Established in 1886 outside the city limits when St. Augustine closed its small urban graveyards due to overcrowding. Evergreen became the region's largest Protestant cemetery of the late 1800s and early 1900s. The design was strongly influenced by . . . Map (db m73842) HM
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36 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Father Miguel O'Reilly HouseFirst Spanish Colonial Period, Built ca. 1690-1763
A tabby interior wall provides evidence that a portion of this building remains from the First Spanish Period before coquina stone construction took its place. Tabby was a form of construction that produced a cement slurry with an aggregate of . . . Map (db m107452) HM
37 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Fernandez-Llambias House
This house was already extant in 1763, when Spain ceded Florida to Great Britain. It was then a one-story, two-room, shingle-roofed coquina stone structure owned by Pedro Fernandez. A British owner added the loggia. In 1784, when the Spanish . . . Map (db m77290) HM
38 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — First Muster of Florida’s MilitiaFlorida National Guard
Each year, the Florida National Guard celebrates the anniversary of the First Muster of Florida’s militia. Governor Pedro Menendez organized the first group of Citizen Soldiers on September 16, 1565.Map (db m162988) WM
39 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — F-1196 — Fish Island Plantation
Fish Island is named for Jesse Fish, of British descent, who arrived in St. Augustine in 1736. Fish was a slave-owner and purchased enslaved Africans to work his groves and other properties, eventually owning at least 133 people. By the mid-1700s, . . . Map (db m229570) HM
40 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — FloridaThe Sunshine State
Colonized by Spaniards, 1559 • Site of first settlement in U.S., 1565 • Acquired by U.S. from Spain, 1819 • Admitted as 27th state, 1845 • Now nation's fastest growing state • 1963 population 5,639,900 • State song ~ "Old Folks at Home" • State Bird . . . Map (db m5999) HM
41 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Florida Honors and Remembers our POW’s and MIA’s
The light of freedom still burns brightly in our world today because of the service and sacrifice of America’s men and women in uniform. Our Nation’s servicemen and women have fought the forces of tyranny and won victories for liberty, human . . . Map (db m132468) WM
42 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Florida Memorial University
Founded 1879—Live Oak, Florida Jacksonville, Florida—1892-1918 St. Augustine, Florida—1918-1968 Miami Gardens, Florida—1968-Present Students of Florida Normal and Industrial Memorial College, in the early 1960s . . . Map (db m67672) HM
43 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Florida’s First Muster SiteFlorida National Guard
Florida’s first muster site Saint Augustine, Florida 16 September 1565Map (db m162985) WM
44 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Ford Motor Company
Ford Motor Company's first purpose-built plant was erected in 1904 on Piquette Street in Detroit, Michigan. Many early Ford models were built here but most notably the design and build of the Model T in 1908 and 1909. The first 12,000 Model T's were . . . Map (db m215910) HM
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45 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Former St. Johns County JailACCORD Freedom Trail
This building, designed by architect F. A. Hollingsworth, opened in 1953 as the St. Johns County Jail, replacing an earlier jail building on San Marco Avenue that subsequently became a tourist attraction. A decade later, this building played a . . . Map (db m40728) HM
46 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Fort Matanzas National Monument
The Spanish built Fort Matanzas in 1740-42 to control Matanzas inlet, the "back door" to St. Augustine. Much earlier, in 1565, Spain had bloodily crushed here a French challenge to her control of Florida by killing the remnants of a French colony . . . Map (db m127607) HM
47 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Fort MoseFort Mose Historic State Park
All that remains of Fort Mose is underground - on the island before you, and in the surrounding salt marsh. Working together, archaeologists and historians have pieced together the story of Fort Mose using historic documents, maps, aerial . . . Map (db m126972) HM
48 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Fort Mose IFort Mose Historic State Park
In 1738, after more than 100 runaways arrived from Carolina, the Spanish governor established Fort Mose. As Africans continued to flee Carolina, frontier skirmishes between the English, Spanish, and their Native American allies threatened . . . Map (db m126967) HM
49 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Fort Mose IIFort Mose Historic State Park
Twelve years after the Bloody Mose battle, Mose residents returned to the frontier and constructed a second fort and community. Mose's fort, houses, and surrounding fields were destroyed during the siege of St. Augustine. From 1740-1752, . . . Map (db m126970) HM
50 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Fort Mose Site
Fort Mose Site has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United State of AmericaMap (db m220154) HM
51 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Four Centuries----Five Flags
Spaniards first settled Florida permanently at the site of St. Augustine in 1565. They raised their vivid red and white flag to establish possession of the land for their king. The Spanish flag flew over the little garrison town for 235 years, . . . Map (db m112507) HM
52 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — F-954 — Fullerwood Park Historic District
Fullerwood Park reflects multiple periods of housing growth for St. Augustine's middle class. The district exhibits design characteristics from the periods of World War I, the 1920s Florida land boom, and post-World War II. The district, featuring . . . Map (db m110519) HM
53 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Garcia-Dummett HouseSecond Spanish Colonial Period, Built 1791, enlarged 1888
The house was built as a residence for Gaspar Garcia and Spanish characteristics are still evident including how the building relates to the street edge and the coquina stone building material protected under a stucco finish. Later, a third floor . . . Map (db m108143) HM
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54 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — F-311 — Gonzalez-Alvarez House(The Oldest House)
For more than three centuries this site has been occupied by St. Augustinians. Beginning about 1650, a succession of thatched wooden structures were their homes. This coquina stone house was built soon after the English burned St. Augustine in 1702, . . . Map (db m77288) HM
55 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — González-Alvarez HouseFirst Spanish Colonial Period, Built ca. 1727, enlarged after 1763
This building is significant because of the site's early Spanish Colonial history and architectural features that represent both Spanish periods and the British period. A significant restoration based in archaeological, documentary and physical . . . Map (db m112506) HM
56 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Haley's Court Sign
This original motor court sign is an icon of the Vilano Beach tourism boom of the 1940s and 50s. Haley’s Court was one of several art-moderne styled, family oriented motels lining Vilano Road at mid-century. This sign was donated to St. . . . Map (db m125692) HM
57 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — King's BakeryBritish Colonial Period, Built ca. 1782
This is the only known building with its origin in the British Period that exists in St. Augustine. Until Marine Street was developed, the Bakery was contiguous with the St. Francis Barracks property. The British converted and expanded the Spanish . . . Map (db m112509) HM
58 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — F-591 — King's Road
The British laid the original route for King's Road between 1772 and 1775 in an effort to encourage settlement into this area. Extending from St. Mary's, Georgia to Andrew Turnbull's Minorcan colony at New Smyrna, King's Road intersects Palencia . . . Map (db m47650) HM
59 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Korean WarFlorida National Guard
Korean War Misawa, Japan 1951-1952Map (db m163477) WM
60 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — La Florida’s El Camino Real
In the 1600s, Spanish Florida's Royal Road connected St. Augustine with the missions of North Florida. From the time St. Augustine was established in 1565, Spanish military and religious authorities began extending their reach beyond the . . . Map (db m153924) HM
61 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Llambias HouseFirst Spanish Colonial Period, Built 1763, enlarged by 1788
This building is significant for its Spanish and British Colonial architectural influences and in 1954 became one of the first examples of a private residence to undergo a documented restoration. Characteristics of the "St. Augustine Plan" of . . . Map (db m108073) HM
62 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — F-434 — Major Dade and His Command Monuments
On December 28, 1835, during the Second Seminole War, a column of 108 U.S. Army soldiers dispatched from Fort Brooke (Tampa) to relieve the detachment at Fort King (Ocala) was surprised by a strong force of Seminole Indians near Bushnell in Sumter . . . Map (db m77413) HM
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63 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Marin HouseSecond Spanish Colonial Period, Built 1791-1799
Coquina stone was quarried on Anastasia Island for use as a construction material, and after the Castillo was completed the material became widely used for private homes as a superior alternative to wood frame construction. Francisco Marin, a . . . Map (db m111550) HM
64 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Mexican WarFlorida National Guard
Mexican War Vera Cruz, Mexico 1847-1848Map (db m163325) WM
65 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Middle PassageFort Mose Historic State Park
During the 18th century, thousands of enslaved Africans faced starvation, torture, and even death on their journey to the Americas, a voyage known as the middle passage. What was the Middle Passage? The Middle Leg of a 3-part Voyage: . . . Map (db m126964) HM
66 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Mission of Nuestra Señora del Rosario de La Punta
From the late 1720s to the early 1750s the green space just beyond this wall was the site of the church and cemetery for the mission community of La Punta (FL Site #8SJ94). This mission was home to refugee Yamassee and Apalachee Indians who had fled . . . Map (db m92980) HM
67 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — F-911 — Nelmar Terrace Historic District
The Nelmar Terrace area has been the site of portions of a Timucuan Indian village, a plantation under British Governor James Grant in the 1770s, and parcels of Spanish land grants after 1784. From 1844-1869 the area was the southern part of the . . . Map (db m100892) HM
68 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Never Forget GardenTomb of the Unknown Soldier
This garden is a living tribute to all of America's veterans and their families. In silence and respect, this is a place to remember why millions of Americans have fought and died for our liberty and our freedom. Here we renew our . . . Map (db m220157) WM
69 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — New Augustine Colored Elementary School #36School Street — 1901 - 1959 —
This site, and main-building, has served as administration, classroom instruction, and community center—circa 1901 to 1959 – and as a BEACON-OF- HOPE for the educational and cultural aspirations of a community with great expectations – . . . Map (db m134538) HM
70 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Nine Mile Road
Nine Mile Road was so named because its early eastern terminus at the Kings Road, built in 1775, near U.S. Highway Number 1, is nine miles north of St. Augustine. Between the terminus of Nine Mile Road at the Kings Road and State Road Number . . . Map (db m67695) HM
71 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Nuestra Señora de la SoledadOur Lady of Solitude, Church and Hospital
On this site, Spanish colonists built the chapel of Nuestra Señora de la Soledad shortly after 1572. A hospital was attached in 1597, thus becoming the first hospital in the continental United States. In 1687 the chapel was . . . Map (db m108377) HM
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72 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Nuestra Señora de los RemediosOur Lady of Remedies
On this site, the City Archaeology Program uncovered remains of the west wall of the late 16th century church, Los Remedios, which served as the parish church of St. Augustine from 1572 until 1702. Burned by Francis Drake in 1586 and . . . Map (db m93381) HM
73 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Officers' Quarters Reported permanently removed
The houses on this post are known as the Officers' Quarters. St. Francis Barracks commanding officer from 1875 to 1883, Brevet Brig. Gen. Frederick Dent, lobbied for this construction. Dent allegedly asked First Lady Julia Dent Grant, his sister, . . . Map (db m131196) HM
74 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Old Tom Morris(1821 - 1908) — [World Golf Hall of Fame] —
Keeper of the Green and Golf Professional Royal and Ancient Golf Club, St. Andrews, Scotland ★ ★ ★ Today’s golf course superintendents continue Old Tom’s dedication to preserving the beauty of golf . . . Map (db m186948) HM
75 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Operation Enduring FreedomFlorida National Guard
Operation Enduring Freedom Afghanistan and Qatar 2001-2014Map (db m163483) WM
76 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Operation Iraqi FreedomFlorida National Guard
Operation Iraqi Freedom “The Berm” Jordan/Iraq Border, Kuwait, and Oman 2003-2010Map (db m163558) WM
77 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Operation New DawnFlorida National Guard
Operation New Dawn Taji, Iraq 2011Map (db m163562) WM
78 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Parade Field StructuresFlorida National Guard
Civil War structures on parade field included stables, storehouses, wood and gun sheds. Hospital constructed for U.S. Troops moved across Marine Street circa 1913.Map (db m163288) HM WM
79 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Patriot Parade FieldFlorida National Guard
Property located within original St. Augustine City boundaries and adjacent to colonial Rosario Defensive Line.Map (db m163282) WM
80 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — People Have Been in Northeast Florida for 7,500 yearsFaver-Dykes State Park
Archaeologists have pieced together an understanding of life in Florida before Europeans arrived. Humans were here as early as 13,000 BC. Through time, their lifeways changed because of climate, food availability, and traits introduced by other . . . Map (db m208065) HM
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81 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Persian Gulf WarFlorida National Guard
Persian Gulf War Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 1990-1991Map (db m163482) WM
82 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Pinehurst Cemetery
Pinehurst is believed to be the earliest segregated African American cemetery in Florida with graves dating back to the 1840s. Similar to San Sebastian, many veterans from the Civil War, WWII, and the Korean War laid to rest here peacefully.Map (db m216292) HM
83 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Randolph Caldecott1846-1886
Friends of Libraries U.S.A. Literary Landmarks Register Randolph Caldecott 1846-1886 The Caldecott Medal, commissioned in 1938, was named in honor of English illustrator, artist, and sculptor Randolph Caldecott. It is . . . Map (db m152195) HM
84 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — S.D.W. Smith, Ancient City, Mt. Horeb #20545 King Street "New Augustine"
This Masonic Lodge, built in 1947 with George Morgan as Worshipful Master, was originally organized in 1925 and represents a merger (in 1984) of Prince Hall Lodges—S.D.W. Smith No. 481, Ancient City No. 26, and Mt. Horeb No. 20. This facility is . . . Map (db m76918) HM
85 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Safe Haven / Refugio seguroCastillo de San Marcos National Monument
English: Safe Haven Farmers bring crops and food from their fields surrounding the town. Open for trade during the day, but locked up at night, this city gate is the entrance to early 1800s civilization. Here in St. . . . Map (db m128083) HM
86 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Saint AugustineFirst Permanent European/African/Native American Settlement on U.S. Mainland.
Beginning in the early 1500s and continuing for more than three centuries, about 12 million African were transported across the Atlantic Ocean into slavery, in what has come to be known as the Middle Passage—the largest forced migration in . . . Map (db m80700) HM
87 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Saint Augustine’s Oldest House
The coquina walls of this authentic example of an early Spanish colonial home were built soon after the town was burned during the siege of 1702. Changes and additions made by succeeding generations reflect the city’s history. Archaeology . . . Map (db m153773) HM
88 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — San Sebastian Cemetery
This cemetery is an early segregated burial site for the African Americans community in Florida with graves dating back to the 1880s. Carved chains on headstones indicate the person was born a slave. Adornments of shells and planted ferns are left . . . Map (db m216294) HM
89 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Sanchez House
This house was built circa 1809 by Francis Xavier Sanchez and his wife, Mary Hill of Charleston, lately of Virginia. That is the probable reason for the English colonial interior rather than the usual Spanish. This house was retouched for posterity . . . Map (db m46790) HM
90 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Sanchez-Burt HouseSecond Spanish Colonial Period, Built 1816-1829
Historic records indicate that in 1816 a wooden structure occupied this property and by 1829 it was replaced with this prominent two-story coquina stone structure. Concerted efforts to preserve this structure began during the preservation movement . . . Map (db m102380) HM
91 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — F-594 — Sanksville Cemetery
This cemetery was most likely established after the Civil War to serve the settlement of Bakersville. The cemetery was used by both black and white members of the community, with black families buried in the eastern half of the property. The . . . Map (db m155056) HM
92 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Santo Domingo RedoubtCartography of the Presidio de San Agustin de la Florida
Historians and archaeologists consulted Colonial and Territorial Period documents to locate the site of the Santo Domingo Redoubt, which was also referred to at various times as the Tolomato Redoubt. Archeological excavations of the Santo Domingo . . . Map (db m46581) HM
93 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Santo Domingo RedoubtArchaeology
In 1704, following the English siege of 1702, the Spanish built the Cubo Line to protect the town's northern sector. In the 1730s, they rebuilt the line in anticipation of an English attack from Georgia. In 1808, a time of upheaval in the Spanish . . . Map (db m46609) HM
94 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Santo Domingo RedoubtGarrison Life in 1808
The Infantry Regiment of Cuba was formed in 1786-1789 as a result of Spanish military reforms introduced in the second half of the 1700s. The Regiment consisted of three battalions. The First and Second Battalions were assigned to Havana and . . . Map (db m46631) HM
95 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Santo Domingo RedoubtThe Defensive System of Colonial St. Augustine Reported unreadable
Following the 1702 English siege of St. Augustine, the Spanish began construction of a system of peripheral fortifications to protect the town based on the principle of defense-in-depth. Between 1704-1821, the Spanish completed the outworks of the . . . Map (db m188270) HM
96 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Saving the Seawall / Salvando el malecónCastillo de San Marcos National Monument
Saving the Seawall (English) Hurricanes, waves, and rain have weakened the fort's historic 1840s seawall. In 2011, the National Park Service created a living seawall using coquina boulders. Silt filling the space between the two . . . Map (db m127740) HM
97 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Second Seminole WarFlorida National Guard
Second Seminole War Kanapaha Prairie, Alachua County, Florida 1838Map (db m163329) WM
98 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Segui-Kirby Smith HouseSecond Spanish Colonial Period, Built ca. 1790
The two-story coquina stone structure was built prior to 1800 to replace a two-story structure that had a rubble masonry first floor and wood frame second floor. Typical of Spanish Colonial site planning, the building is constructed on the street . . . Map (db m112493) HM
99 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — Seminole War (Fort Peyton)
Fort Peyton was a U.S. Army installation established in 1837 and was one of a chain of military outposts created during the Second Seminole War (1835-1842). The fort consisted of four log houses, a hospital and a commissary. The installation was . . . Map (db m229715) HM
100 Florida, St. Johns County, St. Augustine — F-110 — Sentinels of the Coast
Since early times, coastal towers were important in the defense of St. Augustine. From the wooden lookout here in 1586, Spanish sentries warned of approaching English raiders under Sir Francis Drake. Later the tower was built of stone. It served . . . Map (db m47391) HM

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Feb. 22, 2024