“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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California Trail Historical Markers

This Trail carried people to California following the discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill. Westward to western Wyoming it shares much of its route with the Pony Express Trail, the Oregon Trail, the Mormon Pioneer Trail, and the Union Pacific route of the Transcontinental Railroad. This series includes California Road markers that highlight the southern routes from Arkansas through Indian Territory westward to the California gold fields.
The Old Spanish Trail Marker image, Touch for more information
By Bill Kirchner, August 29, 2011
The Old Spanish Trail Marker
1Arizona (Mohave County), Littlefield — 121 — The Old Spanish Trail1829 - 1848
The Old Spanish Trail, the main trade route between Santa Fe and Los Angeles, passed this way beginning in 1829. At the end of the Mexican-American War this portion of the route evolved into what was variously known as the Salt Lake Road, the . . . Map (db m78535) HM
2Arkansas (Sebastian County), Fort Smith — A-33 — Sebastian County California Gold Seekers
The emigrant train of Forty-Niners, 5,000 strong, set out from Fort Smith in April, 1849, with an escort of United States [Army] Regulars under the command of Captain R. B. Marcy.Map (db m92353) HM
3California (Alpine County), Kirkwood — CR-43 — Carson Trail - Ascent to Carson Pass
Front of Marker "After dinner we crossed the first mountain. The ascent is half a mile and much like going up the side of a house in steepness. With hughe stones in the road, aside the road and all around the road."- Henry Sheldon Anable, . . . Map (db m148705) HM
4California (Alpine County), Kirkwood — First Summit
Below this ridge is what some pioneers dubbed the “Devils Ladder.” A name reflecting the steepness and extreme difficulty that pioneers experienced as they began their ascent over the Sierra Nevada. This climb was usually referred to as . . . Map (db m21284) HM
5California (Alpine County), Kirkwood — Naming of Carson Pass
In February of 1844, John C. Fremont led a group of men over these mountains as they struggled to reach Sutter’s Fort. Little did they know that the pass, which lay 20 to 30 feet under the snow beneath them, would be a major route for the Gold Rush . . . Map (db m21278) HM
6California (Amador County), Kit Carson — Mormon-Carson Pass Emigrant Trail
Mormon-Carson Pass Emigrant Trail, the heavily-travelled gateway to California gold fields, was blazed in 1848 by discharged members of the Mormon battalion traveling east to join their families. Five hundred Mormon volunteers, recruited in . . . Map (db m10824) HM
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7California (Butte County), Berry Creek — B047 — Beckwourth Trail – Berry Creek
“We left here at half past four intending to go as far as Bidwell Bar. We passed on a bridge which crosses a pond made by damming a stream for the purpose of running (a) sawmill which is situated here” – James Woodworth, Aug. 19, . . . Map (db m61682) HM
8California (Lassen County), Chilcoot-Vinton — B-7 — Beckwourth Trail - Long Valley
"We descended in to the head of a beautiful valley here we found things requisite for camping ... our road led immediately down the valley from camp ... with a good level road all the way." - John C. Thorniley, Aug 16-17, 1852Map (db m148331) HM
9California (Lassen County), Litchfield — N-26 — Nobles Trail - Soldiers Bridge
. . . Map (db m112609) HM
10California (Lassen County), Old Station — N-36 — Nobles Trail - Butte Creek Meadow
"Day pleasant. Road has been excellent ... Has led us through beautiful glades and plains ... Tonight we camped at 'Butte Creek' a fine little stream with abundance." Benjamin Franklin Ruggles, Aug 15, 1859Map (db m148737) HM
11California (Lassen County), Old Station — N-34 — Nobles Trail - Dry Valley
"Thence northwest winding westward through some timber into a dry valley, some grass near the west end of the valley ... here we camped some grass wood plenty but no water, having water in our keg." J. D. Randall, Aug 24, 1852Map (db m148185) HM
12California (Lassen County), Susanville — N-28 — Nobles Trail - Big Spring
"10 ms. from the...head (of) Susan Valley you will find an excellent spring 150 yds. south of the road; but little grass here; grass is scarce on this ridge." J. D. Randall, Aug 23, 1852Map (db m148177) HM
13California (Lassen County), Susanville — N-30 — Nobles Trail - Bridge Creek
"This is a fine valley and has the purest and coldest water a man ever drank ... I think this is the most pleasant camping place we have had, fine pine timbers ... Found the grave of Nancy Allen today." Gorham Gates Kimball, Jun 23, 1865Map (db m148179) HM
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14California (Lassen County), Susanville — N-29 — Nobles Trail - First Nobles Pass
"We have risen to a considerable heighth [sic] today, though our road has been up and down. We are now crossing the Sierra Nevada Mountains by 'Nobles Pass' said to be the easiest pass of three" Benjamin Franklin Ruggles, Aug 13, 1859Map (db m148178) HM
15California (Lassen County), Susanville — N-26 — Nobles Trail - Rooptown
"This is a village of about 20 houses nearly all of which were built this summer. (It) is situated at the head of the valley... there is a hotel, store, blacksmith shop and... a saw-mill not far away." - Allen J. Tyrrell, Sep 8, 1860 . . . Map (db m87785) HM
16California (Lassen County), Westwood — L - 38 — Lassen Trail - Westwood
The east branch of Lassen’s Trail (1848 & later) passed near here to a campsite “near a small lake fed by springs,”Map (db m56709) HM
17California (Modoc County), Alturas — L-3 — Lassen Trail - Conical Rocks
“Striking the river this morning I noticed a cluster of singular shaped rocks sticking up in spires of a conical shape 20 to 30 feet high” - Andrew Lopp Murphy, Sep 26, 1849Map (db m113025) HM
18California (Modoc County), Alturas — L-5 — Lassen Trail - Pit River Ford
“We crossed the creek here running between high banks, and drove a short distance down the north west side and encamped” — Elijah Preston Howell, Sep 6, 1849Map (db m113037)
19California (Modoc County), Canby — L-10 — Lassen Trail - Foot Wear
“My shoes are giving out and I have no others. Left one of them and the other is barely on...At our noon camp I made some moccasins of cloth” — Joseph Stuart, Sep. 28, 1849Map (db m113024) HM
20California (Modoc County), Canby — L-11 — Lassen Trail - Pit River Canyon
"We were obliged to cross the stream quite a number of times, in consequence of the canons of rock which confine it to a narrow bed." - Amos Batchelder, Sep 29, 1849 Guidebook available Trails West Inc., P.O. Box 12045, Reno, NV 89510 . . . Map (db m113659) HM
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21California (Modoc County), Davis Creek — Applegate TrailPart of the Oregon Trail National Historic Trail System
This is the location of the junction of the original 1846 route of the Applegate Trail and the 1853 realignment of the trail as laid out by road engineers from Siskiyou County. The original route goes due east from this point and its traces are no . . . Map (db m152261) HM
22California (Modoc County), Davis Creek — Applegate TrailA portion of the Oregon Trail National Historic Trail System
The 1846 Applegate Trail, also known as the South Road to Oregon, lies behind this sign and heads westward along the banks of Fletcher Creek. It leaves Fletcher Creek after about two miles and then swings around the southern flank of Blue Mountain. . . . Map (db m152283) HM
23California (Modoc County), Davis Creek — A-33 — Applegate Trail - Davis Creek
... Decent [sic] to the lake ... Night brought us to the end of the lake ... We laid up on a mountain brook where the roads forked ... One branch going to Oregon, the other to California." Alonzo Delano, August 28, 1849Map (db m147424) HM
24California (Modoc County), Davis Creek — A-32 — Applegate Trail - Descent to Goose Lake
"Traveled ... to Goose Lake. The descent ... is sidling and dangers. While we were nooning here 2 wagons of other trains were upset and mashed to atoms" - Simon Doyle, Sep 19 1849 Guidebook available Trails West Inc., P.O. Box 12045, . . . Map (db m87849) HM
25California (Modoc County), Davis Creek — A-31 — Applegate Trail - Descent to Lassen Creek
"Four miles to a beautiful little stream of pure cold water coming from the mountains to our left and emptying into Goose Lake ... Camped there ...Found plenty of ripe plums on the neighboring mountain sides." - Andrew Murphy, Sep 23, 1849Map (db m147338) HM
26California (Modoc County), Davis Creek — A-33 — Applegate Trail - New Road to Yreka
"We leave the old Lawson Road for the new road to Shasta Valley (Yreka) to day It seems as if the road is one stone pile We have to goe a foot in such places for fear of getting our heads nocked off" Sophroni Helen Stone, Sep 13 1852 . . . Map (db m87850) HM
27California (Modoc County), Davis Creek — A-37 — South Road - Applegate Trail
. . . Map (db m152266) HM
28California (Modoc County), Davis Creek — A-39 — South Road - Blazed Pine Tree
. . . Map (db m152279) HM
29California (Modoc County), Davis Creek — A-35 — South Road - Devil's Garden
. . . Map (db m152255) HM
30California (Modoc County), Davis Creek — A-36 — South Road - Fletcher Creek
. . . Map (db m152262) HM
31California (Modoc County), Davis Creek — A-34 — South Road - McGinty Creek
. . . Map (db m152254) HM
32California (Modoc County), Fort Bidwell — A-28A — Applegate Trail - Fandango Pass Ascent
"We arrived at the foot of the summit ridge, the top of which lay one mile distant ... Up we ascended, slowly but surely, by the toilsome climbing of the teams and by lifting of the members. ... at the wheels." - William Swain, Oct 11, 1849Map (db m147406) HM
33California (Modoc County), Fort Bidwell — A-28B — Applegate Trail - Fandango Pass Descent
"Passing over the summit, which is a very narrow ridge, a broad,deep valley ... presented itself to our view, far below us ... We immediately descended the mountain, which on this side, is fearfully steep" - Amos Batchelder, Sep 25, 1849Map (db m147407) HM
34California (Modoc County), Fort Bidwell — A-30 — Applegate Trail - Through the Forest
"Trees hundreds of feet high and 4-5-6 feet in diameter ... We can drive anywhere among the trees. Only the ground is covered with cobble stones" - E. W. Brooks, Sep 1, 1849Map (db m147888) HM
35California (Modoc County), Newell — A-44 — Applegate Trail - Bloody Point
"Over divide to Tule Lake, on Lost River, passed in sight of Bloody Point where a train of emigrants were cut off last year. This afternoon Geo. W. Ebey killed a brant on the lake. Oh, so good to eat." - James Henry Bascomb Royal, Oct 19, 1853.Map (db m147563) HM
36California (Modoc County), Newell — A-40 — Applegate Trail - Pothole Spring
"Camped at a magnificent spring of fresh cold water, which we called Goff's Spring, in honor of the newly elected lieutenant of the company." -Levi Scott, South Road Exploring Party, 1846Map (db m151903) HM
37California (Modoc County), Newell — Burnett CutoffAssociated With the California Trail National Historic Trail System
This trail was blazed by Peter Burnett in 1848 from Oregon City, Oregon Territory to the California gold fields. The route followed the Applegate Trail south and eastward to Tule Lake. It then struck southward probably following an earlier trail . . . Map (db m147839) HM
38California (Nevada County), Alta Sierra — T-62 — Truckee Trail - All Hills and Ravines
"The country here is all hill & ravine the soil red or yellow mixed with small stones & gravel - Timber mostly pine some oak & cov[ere]d with dried up weeds no grass except in some ravines" - William Edwin Chamberlain, Aug 16, 1849Map (db m149137) HM
39California (Nevada County), Alta Sierra — T-63 — Truckee Trail - Among the Foothills
"Now that we are among the foot hills the pines have disappeared and in their place beautiful evergreen oak is scattered here and there giving the appearance of old apple orchards." - A, J. McCall, Sep 14, 1849Map (db m149156) HM
40California (Nevada County), Chicago Park — T-60 — Truckee Trail - Forks Right & Left
"[From Greenhorn Creek] we past [sic] up a steep ascent (doubled teamed) & came to the forks of the road. The right goes by the way of Yuba & left straight on by Johnsons [Ranch] We taken [sic] the left." - Augustus Ripley Burbank, Sep . . . Map (db m149130) HM
41California (Nevada County), Cisco Grove — T-47 — Truckee Trail - Ascent to Lake and Valley
"Traveled six miles down Eubah then took to the left over the mountain passed a lake on our left on top of the mountain [Crystal Lake] drove ... to a valley on our left [Six Mile Valley] and encamp" - William P. Thompson, Aug 28, 1850Map (db m149761) HM
42California (Nevada County), Higgins Corner — T-66 — Truckee Trail - Approaching Sacramento Valley
"We are evidently approaching the plains [of Sacramento Valley]. The hills are decreasing in magnitude & every thing indicates that we have gotten through the most difficult part of the mountains." - Jacob R. Snyder, Sep 25, 1845Map (db m149139) HM
43California (Nevada County), Nevada City — NC-9 — Nevada City Road - Leaving Washington Ridge
"We dared not lets them browse among the trees lest, by feeding on the poison oak, it might prove...fatal to them.... We therefore sought a place of greater safety,...through a forest of pine and cedar." - John Steele, Sep 22, 1850Map (db m148909) HM
44California (Nevada County), Nevada City — NC-6 — Nevada City Road - No Water on Washington Ridge
"We camped in the woods and chained our oxen to a tree and fed them a little hay that we got in [Bear] Valley for the purpose; we had no water for them, but got a little for ourselves by going a mile for it." William B. Baker, Aug 31, 1852Map (db m149129) HM
45California (Nevada County), Nevada City — Pioneer Emigrant Trail
This boulder was known to the pioneers as the Indian Medicine Stone. On its top are hollows in which the Indians lay while taking sun baths to cure their ills. One branch of the Emigrant Trail leading from Truckee Pass to the gold mines of Nevada . . . Map (db m37121) HM
46California (Nevada County), Omega — NC-3 — Nevada City Road - Washington Ridge Summit
"Climbing the steep mountain road [from Bear Valley] to the summit, we struck off in a westerly course, along a heavily timbered ridge" John Steele, Sep 21, 1850Map (db m148898) HM
47California (Nevada County), Truckee — Nev.-01-95 — Schallenberger Cabin Site
Near this spot stood a small cabin built by 18 year old Moses Schallenberger and two other men. They were members of the Stephens-Townsend-Murphy party of 1844, the first pioneers to take wagons over the Sierra Nevada, opening the Truckee Route of . . . Map (db m94059) HM
48California (Nevada County), Truckee — Stephens – Townsend – Murphy Party of 1844First Pioneer Wagons Over The Sierra Nevada
On May 22, 1844, this small wagon party of 50 men, women and children “jumped off” from Council Bluffs, Iowa, bound for California. These courageous pioneers were the first emigrants to take wagons over the Sierra Nevada, opening the . . . Map (db m23567) HM
49California (Nevada County), Washington — NC-4 — Nevada City Road - Opposite Washington Diggings
"Traveled 16 miles of pretty good road except [from] Bear Valey [sic]. Hilly which was very steep. Camped in mountain opposite Washington [Diggings] on the Yuba River, No feed or water, but plenty of timber." - John Shin, Sep 30, 1850Map (db m148908) HM
50California (Placer County), Soda Springs — Stephens-Townsend-Murphy Party
In 1844, the Stephens-Townsend-Murphy Party became the first wagon party to cross the Sierra Nevada. A portion of the group spent the winter nearby along the Yuba River, before continuing to Sutter's Fort in the spring of 1845. Their pioneering . . . Map (db m95508) HM
51California (Placer County), Soda Springs — T-42 — Truckee Trail - Leaving Summit Valley
About one mile from our camp and we left the valley to our right and went up a ravine on the left; 4 miles more brought us to a group of lakes (6 in number) the water in them was cool and beautifully clear - John Markle, August 22, 1849Map (db m149586) HM
52California (Placer County), Soda Springs — T-43 — Truckee Trail - Through Boulder Field
You take off to the left of the valey [sic] (Summit Valley) Travel over much bad road The rock is all through the wood looking like waggons [sic] white cows and sheep Micajah Littleton, Sep 28, 1850Map (db m95644) HM
53California (Placer County), Sugar Bowl Ski Resort — T-41 — Truckee Trail - To Summit Valley
Dcinded abut 5 miles (from Roller Pass) throug lovly pine fur & ceder groves some of wich ... measured upwards of 33 feet and look as though they were 300 feet high. Came to a butifull little valley & campt - M. A. Violette, Sep 1, 1849Map (db m149497) HM
54California (Plumas County), Beckwourth — B-10 — Beckwourth Trail - Head Waters of Feather River
"The road now continues down the valley ... thirteen miles. Here is a spring of water near the road, on the left. Also a small stream, the head waters of Feather River. ...Passed several [mountains] called buttes." - Henry T. Baldy, Sep 8, 1852Map (db m148732) HM
55California (Plumas County), Beckwourth — B - 11 — Beckwourth Trail – The Road Forks
“Beckwiths House (is) the first house that I have seen since I left (Ft.) Laramie... at Beckwiths House the roads fork, the left hand goes to 76 & Maryesville, the right hand is called Beckwiths rout to Maryesville.” – John F. . . . Map (db m66177) HM
56California (Plumas County), Chilcoot — B-8 — Beckwourth Trail - Beckwourth Pass
"Trow informed us we were in California, when father gave three loud cheers, which echoed from the rocks and hills about us. Willie said that he would not like to spend his life in California if this was it." - Harriet S. Ward, Oct 1, 1853Map (db m148728) HM
57California (Plumas County), Meadow Valley — B-35 — Beckwourth Trail – Grizzly Creek
“Crossed a brook with high banks, where Squire Stephens upset the wagon he was driving in which was Philip Linthicum and he was hurt very badly” – John Dalton, Sep. 2, 1852Map (db m56549) HM
58California (Plumas County), Meadow Valley — B-34 — Beckwourth Trail – Haskins Valley
“... camped in order to cut some grass to feed along the road ahead, and also on account of P. Linthicum who was still very sick; not expected to live.” – John Dalton, Sep. 3, 1852Map (db m56548) HM
59California (Plumas County), Meadow Valley — B 33 — Beckwourth Trail – Rich Valley
Now under water, Rich Valley and Bucks Ranch (1850) made a superb stopping place for emigrants of 1851 and later. “Good grass, wood and water” – John Dalton, Sep. 1, 1852Map (db m56536) HM
60California (Plumas County), Quincy — B-24A — Beckwourth Trail – American Ranch
This marker stands on part of the American Ranch of 1850. A way stop for emigrants of 1851 and later. “Here were obtained some fine vegetables...” Joshua Variel. Sept. 17, 1852Map (db m56403) HM
61California (Plumas County), Quincy — B-23 — Beckwourth Trail – Greenhorn Creek Canyon
Trail route, 1851 and later. “Drove... through the canyon crossing the creek five times, two miles over the roughest road I ever saw” – Joshua Variel, Sep 16, 1852.Map (db m56500) HM
62California (Plumas County), Quincy — B-24 — Beckwourth Trail – New England Ranch
“Had a hard road, crooked & rocky. Had to cross (Greenhorn) creek 8 times in going 5 miles. Got down to the New England Ranch at noon, camped here for today.” - Chester Smith, Sep. 27, 1852.Map (db m66159) HM
63California (Plumas County), Vinton — B-9 — Beckwourth Trail - Beckwourth Valley
"We beheld a large valley spread out before us, surrounded by majestic mountains covered with pine and snow. Six miles down the valley brought us into camp on the banks of a branch of Feather River." - Jacob S Hayden, Aug 19, 1853Map (db m148730) HM
64California (San Joaquin County), French Camp — 668 — French Camp
Here was the terminus of the Oregon-California Trail used by the French-Canadian trappers employed by the Hudson’s Bay Company from about 1832 to 1845. Michel La Framboise, among others, met fur trappers here annually where they camped with their . . . Map (db m15957) HM
65California (Santa Clara County), Cupertino — Captain Elisha Stephens1804 - 1887 — A True Pioneer —
Captain Stephens brought the first wagons over the snow covered Sierra Nevada Truckee Pass with no casualties in the Stephens-Murphy-Townsend party of 1844, arriving at Sutter's Fort with 11 wagons and 51 people plus 2 infants born on the way. . . . Map (db m24125) HM
66California (Shasta County), Anderson — N-58 — Nobles Trail - Bear Creek
"Rolled on to Bear Creek a distance of about 14 miles and encamped on a small island near the creek... many grapes nearly ripe along the banks and grizzly bears are said to be plenty." - Joseph R. Bradway, Sep 12, 1853Map (db m149411) HM
67California (Shasta County), Old Station — N-27 — Nobles Trail - Butte Creek
"We finally reached Black Butte Creek and followed it to Black Butte Lake. The lake was three miles long and on its left shore was a volcano which had been active a few years before." Tosten Kittelsen Stabek, 1852Map (db m148275) HM
68California (Shasta County), Old Station — N-40 — Nobles Trail - Devil's Half Acre
"Then some miles of very rocky road amongst which is the piece called the 'Devils Half Acre', then tolerable road for rest of the day" - Benjamin Franklin Ruggles, Aug 16, 1859Map (db m149314) HM
69California (Shasta County), Old Station — N-39 — Nobles Trail - Hat Creek Rim
"Day pleasant. First part of afternoon had down hill road and good, then had a long and very rocky hill to go down road very winding." - Benjamin Franklin Ruggles, Aug 16, 1859Map (db m149214) HM
70California (Shasta County), Old Station — N-41 — Nobles Trail – Hat Creek Station
“Drove 5 miles to Hat Creek Station (Old Station). Wild looking place. Signs of Indians. They have been here of late fishing.” Gorman Gates Kimball, Jun 19, 1865Map (db m58127) HM
71California (Shasta County), Old Station — N-42 — Nobles Trail - Little Hat Creek Hill
"Drove to Little Hat Creek (Hill) 6 miles, a beautiful little mountain valley with Hat Creek running through it. - Very good road today." Gorman Gates Kimball, Jun 19, 1865Map (db m148336) HM
72California (Shasta County), Old Station — N-44 — Nobles Trail - Lost Camp Station
"Tonight we are camped at 'Lost Camp Station' which is 8 miles below Hat Creek Station. Good water here but grass is enclosed...Have seen some very high mountains today" - Benjamin Franklin Ruggles, Aug 16, 1859Map (db m149158) HM
73California (Shasta County), Old Station — N-43 — Nobles Trail - Lost Creek Route 1855 & Later
"Drove up Hat Creek Crost [sic] it (Went) over a rockey [sic] ridge up a level flat & over some small bluffs to a creek (Lost Creek) Drove up it to a ranch and camped" A. L. Covel, Sep 5, 1859Map (db m148738) HM
74California (Shasta County), Old Station — N-35 — Nobles Trail - Poison Lake
"Very cold froze hard in camp last night ... We rolled on over a rough stony road ... and put up near a small pond fine feed and good water ... ducks & geese plenty ... This evening our camp presents a cheerful scene." J. R. Bradway, Sep 7, 1853Map (db m148273) HM
75California (Shasta County), Old Station — N-38 — Nobles Trail - Snow Capped Mountains
"There has been snow capped mountains in sight for the last week: this evening Shasta Peak, Lawsons Butte are in plain view & they resemble large banks of snow." - Mary C. Fish, Sep 14, 1860"Map (db m149213) HM
76California (Shasta County), Old Station — N-48 — Nobles Trail – Third Nobles Pass
“We had at starting 5 miles up-hill travel mostly of a gradual ascent. This brought us to the summit of the hill from which Sacramento Valley may be seen.” Allen J. Tyrell, Sep 14, 1860Map (db m58129) HM
77California (Shasta County), Redding — N-60 — Nobles Trail - Canon House
"Started and travailed [sic] some sixteen milles [sic] and camped within forty rodds [sic] (220 yards) of the Canon House for the night" - Ransom Josiah Arnold, Sep 11, 1860Map (db m149413) HM
78California (Shasta County), Shasta — N-61 — Nobles Trail - Shasta City
"We was [sic] informed that the citizens of Shasta had prepared a dinner at the St. Charles Hotel for the emegrants [sic]...We was [sic] the first train of waggons [sic] that ever come [sic] into Shasta on the . . . Map (db m148328) HM
79California (Shasta County), Shingletown — N - 56 — Nobles Trail – Charley’s Ranch
“Traveled 15 miles to Charley’s Ranch and camped there. Good water, drove the stock 2 miles to grass, here we heard the first chicken crow, and saw the first hog.” - John S.L. Taylor, Sep. 2, 1854Map (db m70349) HM
80California (Shasta County), Shingletown — N-57 — Nobles Trail - Foot of the Mountain Station
This site was an early stopping place for emigrants using the Nobles Trail and became a stage and freighting station established by William W. L. Smith in 1858. Site of Foot of the Mountain Station is one mile north of Dersch Road.Map (db m149410) HM
81California (Shasta County), Shingletown — N - 53 — Nobles Trail – Junction
. . . Map (db m70346) HM
82California (Shasta County), Shingletown — N-55 — Nobles Trail - Shingletown
The two branches of the Nobles Trail rejoined near Shingletown and continued westward to Shasta City. Shingletown was named after the numerous shingle mills in the area.Map (db m149326) HM
83California (Shasta County), Summertown — N-49 — Nobles Trail - Manzanita Creek
"Traveld 7 miles. Road very hard to brake on account of stone & chaperal brush. Encamped on Rassberry (Manzanita) Creek. Grass rather (poor) but abundenc(e) of Mt Rassberrys." - Solomon Kingery, Aug 17, 1852Map (db m149161) HM
84California (Shasta County), Summertown — N-47 — Nobles Trail - Table Mountain
"Drove up a hill (at the trail junction we took) the left hand road past peek [sic] (Table Mountain) on our left)" - A. L. Covel, Sep 6, 1859Map (db m149160) HM
85California (Shasta County), Viola — N-52 — Nobles Trail - Battle Creek Ford
"Our road still runs a westerly direction pretty level road but very thick large timber to Battle Creek... Steep banks; ford good. Swift current 25 ft. wide 2 ft. deep; very clear good water." - J. D. Randall, Aug. 28, 1852Map (db m149324) HM
86California (Shasta County), Viola — N-51 — Nobles Trail - Deer Flat
"Deer Flat is quite a little valley. Here were two ranches or farms. Emigrants stop here to rest and recruit their stock...We lay over eights day [sic]" - John Murray Mickey, Aug 12, 1854Map (db m149319) HM
87California (Shasta County), Viola — N-50 — Nobles Trail - Manzanita Chute
"Six miles farther (from Lost Creek) over a very rough road and some very large hills to another creek (Manzanita Creek). Previous to reaching this stream passed over an extensive plain of Manzanita" - J. R. Bradway, Sep 10, 1853Map (db m149316) HM
88California (Sierra County), Alleghany — HP-13 — Henness Pass Road - Plum Valley
Beginning in 1854, John Bope's Ranch and Inn was a major stopping place on the Ridge Road. "3-1/2 miles to Tavern in Plum Valley, here we campt, diggings all around here." - Loring S. Comstock, Aug 28, 1855Map (db m99648) HM
89California (Sierra County), Alleghany — HP-12 — Henness Pass Road - To Ridge Junction
"On again (along ridge), 2 miles to Gallaway's Rancho, then 4 miles to Forest City, to right of road and Orleans Flat (and Alleghany) to left of road. - Loring Samuel Comstock, Aug 28, 1855.Map (db m99646) HM
90California (Sierra County), Downieville — HP-11 — Henness Pass Road - Downieville
"Went to Downieville, called one of the smartest mining towns in the country, containing some 4, or 5,000 inhabitants, buildings in the business part of town are very well built a great deal of business is done" - Winslow Blake, Aug 25, 1852Map (db m99645) HM
91California (Sierra County), Verdi, NV — T-24 — Truckee Trail - Rocky Ravine
"We took up the mountain side through a rough and rocky, but not very steep, ravine. Large pines, firs and cedars abound,...some of which are fully six feet through." - Isaac J. Wistar, Aug 17, 1849Map (db m148733) HM
92California (Siskiyou County), Dorris — A-50, Y-1 — South Road - Forks Of The Yreka Trail / Yreka Trail - The Trail Forks
(front plaque) South Road - Forks Of The Yreka Trail “All in need of provisions were supplied by a government agent at this camp. Near this point the road forks-one leading to Jacksonville, in Oregon, and the other to . . . Map (db m151605) HM
93California (Siskiyou County), Dorris — A-52 — South Road - Hot Creek
"Road good ... Still crooking round the inlets of lake, make 8 miles and camp at a fine bold spring but not cold." Virgil Pringle, Oct 2, 1846Map (db m151579) HM
94California (Siskiyou County), Dorris — Y-2 — Yreka Trail - Willow Springs
"A cold day went 10 miles came to Willow Springs and camp" - Phoebe S. Terwilliger, Oct. 9, 1854Map (db m151578) HM
95California (Siskiyou County), Grenada — Y-16 — Yreka Trail - Down Shasta Valley
"Drove 16 miles down Shasta Valley, most of the way good roads, no hills to cross now, but in places the road is stony. Today passed one or two houses. The first I have seen for several months" - James S. Cowden, Oct 11, 1853Map (db m151631) HM
96California (Siskiyou County), Macdoel — Y-4 — Yreka Trail - No Water
"After noon we drove on until night and no water to be seen anywhare; so we pitched camp and stayed all night without water; in the morning we hitched up and pushed on for water" -James Baron, Aug 9, 1855Map (db m151586) HM
97California (Siskiyou County), Macdoel — Y-5 — Yreka Trail - One Very Steep Stony Hill
"At noon we came to a pine forest. Traveled in it the rest of the day. One very steep stony hill to go up. Road considerably stony at intervals all day." - George McCowen, Aug 28, 1854Map (db m151589) HM
98California (Siskiyou County), Macdoel — Y-3 — Yreka Trail - Over Rocky Roads
Drove only 12 miles, but over rockey roads. Good feed." - James Cowden, Oct. 7, 1853Map (db m151580) HM
99California (Siskiyou County), Macdoel — Y-6 — Yreka Trail - Quite a Stream
. . . Map (db m113120)
100California (Siskiyou County), Macdoel — Y-6A — Yreka Trail - Quite Stony Today
"Started at 6  went on to pine woods  took dinner  no water or grass  then passed on to Butte Creek & followed it three miles & campt round a little lake  quite stony to day poor country" - Hinsdale Truman Shepard Sep 4, 1852Map (db m151590) HM

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Oct. 2, 2022