Geographic Sort Texas 1936 Centennial Markers and Monuments Historical Markers
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Texas 1936 Centennial Markers and Monuments Historical Markers

In 1935/1936 the State of Texas Legislature created a commission to celebrate the 100th anniversary of Texas independence from Mexico. Part of this consisted of placing about 1,100 statues, and granite and bronze markers and monuments around Texas. See more at the Texas Historical Commission website 1936 Texas Centennial Markers.
 
Pilgrim Predestinarian Regular Baptist Church Marker image, Touch for more information
By Steve Gustafson, October 10, 2010
Pilgrim Predestinarian Regular Baptist Church Marker
1Texas (Anderson County), Elkhart — 8799 — Pilgrim Predestinarian Regular Baptist Church
Organized in Illinois in 1833 by Daniel Parker Members moved to Texas First meeting in Stephen F. Austin's Colony January 20, 1834 Log church built December, 1839 Old graveyard adjoins. Present church fourth on the same site . . . Map (db m36924) HM
2Texas (Anderson County), Frankston — 8770 — Site of the Kickapoo Battlefield
Here General Thomas J. Rusk with 200 Texans on October 16, 1838, attacked a band of hostile Indians and allied Mexicans, molestors of frontier settlements, and routed them.Map (db m102008) HM
3Texas (Anderson County), Palestine — 8731 — Anderson County
Created March 24, 1846, from Houston County Organized July 13, 1846 with Palestine as the county seat Named in honor of Kenneth Lewis Anderson Vice-President of the Republic of Texas 1844-45Map (db m128942) HM
4Texas (Anderson County), Palestine — 8752 — Fort Houston
A fort and stockade built about 1836 on the public square of the town of Houston (then in Houston County), as a protection against the Indians, by order of General Sam Houston, Commander-in-Chief of the Texan Armies. The town was abandoned in 1846 . . . Map (db m182048) HM
5Texas (Andrews County), Andrews — 167 — Andrews County
. . . Map (db m61419) HM
6Texas (Angelina County), Huntington — 7008 — Site of the Town of Jonesville
Site of the town of Jonesville Second county seat of Angelina County August 22, 1854 ••• May 19,1858Map (db m37243) HM
7Texas (Angelina County), Lufkin — 6981 — Angelina County
Created and organized in 1846. Originally a part of Nacogdoches County. Bears the name of the river traversing the region. The following towns have served as the county seat; Marion,1846-1854; Jonesville,1854-1858; Homer, Feb. 3 - May 17, 1858, when . . . Map (db m29862) HM
8Texas (Angelina County), Lufkin — 7004 — Site of the town of Homer
Also known as Angelina Third county seat of Angelina County, 1858 - 1890Map (db m31629) HM
9Texas (Aransas County), Fulton — 2537 — Home of George W. Fulton
Home of George W. Fulton Born at Philadelphia, June 8, 1810 Served in the Texan Army in 1836 A pioneer resident of Refugio County After an engineering career of distinction elsewhere, he returned to Texas and became a cattle . . . Map (db m53700) HM
10Texas (Aransas County), Fulton — 2733 — Site of One of the Homes of James Power
Site of one of the homes of James Power Born in Ireland, 1789 Died in Live Oak Point, Texas, 1852 With James Hewetson he was granted authority January 11, 1828 to settle 200 families in Texas Served Texas under three flags as . . . Map (db m53708) HM
11Texas (Aransas County), Lamar — 3018 — Site of the Town of Lamar
Site of the town of Lamar Named for Mirabeau B. Lamar 1798 – 1859 President of the Republic of Texas 1838 – 1841 Established in 1838 Made a Port of Entry in 1839 Sacked by Union Troops Feb. 11, 1864 Survived until . . . Map (db m53711) HM
12Texas (Aransas County), Rockport — 180 — Aransas County
Created September 18, 1871 from Refugio County; Organized in 1871 with Rockport as the County Seat. Named for the River Nuestra Señora de AranzazuMap (db m53705) HM
13Texas (Armstrong County), Goodnight — 4850 — Site of Old Goodnight Ranch
First ranch in the Texas panhandle Established in 1876 by Charles Goodnight 1836- 1929 Noted scout, Indian fighter, trail blazer and rancher The Burbank of the rangeMap (db m49328) HM
14Texas (Armstrong County), Goodnight — 5528 — Town of Goodnight
. . . Map (db m100447) HM
15Texas (Atascosa County), Jourdanton — 223 — Atascosa County
As early as 1722 El Camino Real (The King's Highway) from the Rio Grande to San Antonio was well established in this area. The Spanish word "Atascosa," denoting boggy ground that hindered travel, gave region its name. The county was created in 1856 . . . Map (db m56663) HM
16Texas (Austin County), Bellville — 243 — Austin County
A part of the grant to Stephen F. Austin in 1821 Created a municipality under the Mexican government in 1828 Became a county of the Republic of Texas, March 17, 1836 Named in honor of Stephen Fuller Austin, 1793-1836 Pioneer . . . Map (db m125601) HM
17Texas (Austin County), Bellville — 4018 — Michael Robert Pilley
A member of the Mier Expedition, 1842 Born in Grantham, England March 30, 1820 Died January 4, 1865 Erected by the State of Texas 1936Map (db m157516) HM
18Texas (Austin County), Industry — 2644 — IndustrySite of the first Permanent Settlement in Texas — 1831 —
Founded by Friedrich Ernst • Born at Varel, Oldenburg, Germany • Immigrated to America, 1829 and to Texas in 1831 • Died here in 1858 • The Town was laid out in 1838Map (db m165426) HM
19Texas (Austin County), New Ulm — 3586 — Site of the Town of New Ulm
First known as Duff's Settlement in honor of James C. Duff to whom the land was granted in 1841 • Settled by Germans after 1845 and renamed in honor of the German city of UlmMap (db m176227) HM
20Texas (Austin County), San Felipe — 5514 — A Town Hall
Near this site stood A Town Hall Built about 1830 in which were held the First and Second Conventions of Texas, 1832 and 1833, and the Consultation of 1835 the provisional government functioned here until March 2, 1836, when . . . Map (db m43759) HM
21Texas (Bailey County), Muleshoe — 276 — Bailey County
. . . Map (db m73669) HM
22Texas (Bandera County), Bandera — 290 — Bandera County
A strategic Indian point in early days. Rangers and Comanches struggled here in 1843. In 1854 Elder Lyman Wight settled Mormon colony. In 1855 Poles settled here. From early days a part of Bexar County, created and organized in 1856 Bandera, . . . Map (db m117676) HM
23Texas (Bandera County), Bandera — 293 — Bandera Pass
Celebrated Indian pass known from the earliest days of Spanish settlement · Identified with many a frontier fight and many a hostile inroad · Old ranger trail from the Medina to the Guadalupe River and the United States Army route between frontier . . . Map (db m24384) HM
24Texas (Bastrop County), Bastrop — 9152 — Bastrop County
A part of Austin's grant in 1821 created the municipality of Mina 1834, became the County of Mina in the Republic of Texas 1836 Name changed to "Bastrop" December 18, 1837, in honor of Felipe Enrique Neri Baron de Bastrop, 1770-1829 land . . . Map (db m118740) HM
25Texas (Bastrop County), Bastrop — 9163 — Captain James Burleson
Chosen commissary by General Andrew Jackson, War of 1812 Edward Burleson, his son, accompanied him as book-keeper Participated in the Battle of New Orleans January 8, 1815 Served under his son, Edward, Army of Texas, in the Grass . . . Map (db m111111) HM
26Texas (Bastrop County), Bastrop — 9185 — Felipe Entrique Neri, Baron De Bastrop1770 - 1829
Erected in recognition of the distinguished service to Texas of Felipe Entrique Neri, Baron De Bastrop 1770 - 1829 Pioneer Red River empresario. Land commissioner of Austin's colony. Member of the Congress of Coahuila and Texas. In . . . Map (db m111113) HM
27Texas (Bastrop County), Bastrop — 9156 — Site of Bastrop Military Institute
A Methodist Institution · Chartered January 24, 1852 as Bastrop Academy · · Rechartered under the Auspices of the Methodist Episcopal Church South in 1853 · In 1856 became the Bastrop Military InstituteMap (db m65159) HM
28Texas (Bastrop County), Elgin — 9171 — Site of the Home of Col. Robert M. Coleman — (1799 -1837) —
Signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence Aide-de-camp to Gen. Houston at San Jacinto Commander of a regiment of Rangers 1836-37 Here his widow Mrs. Elizabeth Coleman and son, Albert V. Coleman were killed by Indians and . . . Map (db m82688) HM
29Texas (Bastrop County), Jeddo — Rev. Benjamin F. Fry
. . . Map (db m180699) HM
30Texas (Baylor County), Seymour — 340 — Baylor County
Created February 1, 1858 Organized April 23, 1879 Named in honor of Dr. Henry W. Baylor 1818-1854 Indian fighter and Ranger Captain served in the Mexican War. Seymour, the County SeatMap (db m178509) HM
31Texas (Bell County), Belton — 3516 — Mrs. Sarah Ann Hardin-Kelton
Widow of William Hardin before her marriage to Dr. O.P. Kelton Many of the Mexican officers and men were placed in the care of Judge and Mrs. Hardin after the victory at San Jacinto and were mercifully treated by them. Born August . . . Map (db m152194) HM
32Texas (Bell County), Salado — 2535 — Home of Elijah Sterling Clack Robertson
This house was built 1856-1860 by Elijah Sterling Clack Robertson 1820-1879 Texas pioneer, patriot, soldier and jurist, and one of the founders of Salado College.Map (db m29312) HM
33Texas (Bell County), Salado — 5586 — Home of Orville Thomas Tyler
Pioneer Texan--County Judge Member of the legislature President of the board of trustees of Salado College Built in 1857Map (db m29250) HM
34Texas (Bell County), Salado — 1179 — The Davis Mill
Built in 1864 by William A. Davis First stone mill with carding machine in this vicinity. A sawmill and gin were added in 1866. French burrs, Leffel water wheel and silk bolt brought from Galveston by wagon in 1871. Made flour for Central Texas . . . Map (db m29251) HM
35Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 2943 — Charles Frederick King
Served in the Texas Army 1836 • • Was Mayor of San Antonio, 1847 - 1849 and 1852 - 1853 • Born in New Hampshire, January 17, 1811 Died in San Antonio, May 13, 1869Map (db m177381) HM
36Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Gonzales Men at the Alamo
Erected in grateful recognition of the supreme act of heroism of the thirty two men from Gonzales who gave their lives in the Alamo in response to the appeal of Travis. Erected March 1, 1936Map (db m30777) HM
37Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 3414 — Mission San Francisco Xavier de NájeraApproximate Location of
Established in 1722 • Its Indian neophytes, few in number, passed into the care of the missionaries at San Antonio de Valero in 1726 • The land was later granted to the Mission Nuestra Señora de La Purísima Concepción de Acuña • Reestablished in . . . Map (db m163845) HM
38Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 246 — Moses Austin
(Panel 1) Born in Connecticut, October fourth 1761; moved to Philadelphia in 1783, thence to Virginia in 1785 and to Missouri in 1798. Arrived in San Antonio on December 23, 1820. Died in Missouri June tenth, 1821. (Panel . . . Map (db m119803) HM
39Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 4963 — Samuel S. Smith
. . . Map (db m177383) HM
40Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 95 — The Alamo Cenotaph"The Spirit of Sacrifice"
In memory of the heroes who sacrificed their lives at the Alamo, March 6, 1836, in the defense of Texas. “They chose never to surrender nor retreat. These brave hearts, with flag still proudly waving, perished in the flames of . . . Map (db m30709) HM
41Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 335 — The Battle of the Salado
Decisive in Texas history, was fought here, September 18, 1842. Col. Mathew Caldwell and Capt. John C. Hays, commanding a force of Texas volunteers, opposed the Mexican Army under General Adrian Woll that had captured San Antonio, and with the loss . . . Map (db m128119) HM
42Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 1182 — The Dawson Massacre
Occurred in this vicinity on September 18, 1842 when Captain Nicholas Mosby Dawson and 53 men from La Grange, in attempting to join Captain Mathew Caldwell (Old Paint) and his company of Texas volunteers during the Battle of the Salado, were . . . Map (db m85981) HM
43Texas (Borden County), Gail — 456 — Borden County
. . . Map (db m127422) HM
44Texas (Bowie County), New Boston — 9469 — Bowie County
Named for James Bowie (1799-1836), who fought for Texas freedom from 1819, when he joined the Long Expedition, to 1836 — when he died in defense of the Alamo. Inhabited before 1800 by agricultural Indians, charted 1819 for . . . Map (db m96141) HM
45Texas (Bowie County), Texarkana — James Bowie
Front Hero of the Alamo "They never fail who die in a just cause" Love of adventure brought the young South Carolinian to Texas with James Long in 1819. Romance made of him a Mexican citizen and won for him in San . . . Map (db m96572) HM
46Texas (Brazoria County), Brazoria — 9525 — Don Carlos Barrett
A member of the General Council of the provisional government of Texas and by that body elected Judge Advocate General of the army with the rank of Colonel, 1835 Born in Vermont June 22, 1788 Died in Texas May 19, 1838Map (db m167917) HM
47Texas (Brazoria County), Brazoria — Henry Smith
(South Face of Monument) Henry Smith was born in Kentucky, May Twentieth 1788, came to Texas in 1827 and settled in what is now Brazoria County which he regarded as his home until his death. He was severely wounded in the Battle of . . . Map (db m90101) HM
48Texas (Brazoria County), Brazoria — 9522 — Site of the Home of John Austin
Member of Long's Expedition in 1819 · Pioneer Settler in Austin's Colony · Alcalde of Brazoria, 1832 · Commander at the Battle of Velasco · Signer of the Turtle Bayou Resolutions · Died in 1833Map (db m167903) HM
49Texas (Brazoria County), Clute — 9521 — Dr. Branch Tanner Archer
President of the Consultation, 1835 · Texas Commissioner to the United States in 1835-1836 · Archer County was named in his honor · Born in Virginia, 1790 · · Died September 22, 1856 Grand Master of Masons in Texas December 25, 1838 to December . . . Map (db m172705) HM
50Texas (Brazoria County), Clute — 9557 — Eagle Island Plantation
"Eagle Island Plantation," Site of the Home of Sarah Ann Groce Wharton (1810-1878) and William Harris Wharton (1806-1839) Member of the Convention of Texas, 1832 President of the Convention of 1833 Member of the Senate of the Republic of . . . Map (db m172706) HM
51Texas (Brazoria County), Clute — 9614 — William Harris Wharton
Participated in the Battle of Velasco, 1832 · Member of the Convention of Texas, 1832 · President of the Convention of 1833 · Minister of the United States, 1836-1837 · Member of the 5th Congress of the Republic · Born in Virginia, 1806 · Died . . . Map (db m172703) HM
52Texas (Brazoria County), Damon — 9556 — Abraham Darst
Emigrated to Texas from Missouri in 1827 as an Austin Colonist • Participated in the Battle of Velasco, 1832 • Five of his sons were in the Army of Texas in 1836 • Born May 14, 1786 • Died in December, 1833 Erected by the State of Texas . . . Map (db m158869) HM
53Texas (Brazoria County), Damon — 9555 — Edmund Calloway Darst
A San Jacinto Veteran Born in Missouri 1815 Died in 1838 Erected by the State of Texas 1936Map (db m158863) HM
54Texas (Brazoria County), Freeport — 9606 — Four Miles Southeast to the Original Town of Velasco
Landing place of the "Lively" First vessel bringing immigrants to Austin's colony in 1821. There the Battle of Velasco, between Texas colonists and Mexican troops, was fought June 26, 1832. A treaty of peace between Texas and Mexico was signed . . . Map (db m167496) HM
55Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9581 — Peach Point
. . . Map (db m90243) HM
56Texas (Brazoria County), Liverpool — 9542 — Thomas Jefferson Callihan
A San Jacinto veteran · Born in Illinois, May 10, 1817 · Died May 31, 1880 His wife Johanne Bishoff Callihan Born in Germany, March 18, 1839 · Died March 1, 1925Map (db m173659) HM
57Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9575 — Home of George B. McKinstry1802 - 1837
A member of Austin's colony, 1829. Soldier in the Battle of Velasco; delegate to the General Convention, 1832; chief justice of Brazoria County, 1836. In this home, built about 1830, Stephen F. Austin died, December 27, 1836Map (db m78618) HM
58Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9540 — John S. D. Byrom
Born in Georgia September 24, 1798 Died July 10, 1837 Delegate to the Consultation, 1835 Signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, 1836Map (db m173097) HM
59Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9566 — Nathaniel C. Hazen
Came to Texas in January, 1836 Led out to be shot with Fannin's men, March 27, 1836, but escaped Fought at San Jacinto in Captain William H. Patton's company Died in Columbia, December 27, 1836Map (db m173082) HM
60Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9526 — Site of the Home of Josiah Hughes Bell1791 - 1838
One of the “Old Three Hundred” who came to Texas with Stephen F. Austin in 1821 • First alcade (sic, alcalde) of Austin's Colony • On this tract of 6,642 acres, granted him in 1824, was later built the town of Columbia, First . . . Map (db m52793) HM
61Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9527 — Thaddus Constantine Bell
First male child born in Austin's colonies in Texas Born October 4, 1822 Died in March, 1871 His wife, Elizabeth Cayce Bell Born September 30, 1830 Died Feb. 24, 1864Map (db m173006) HM
62Texas (Brazos County), Bryan — 8666 — Brazos County
Brazos County, part of Stephen F. Austin’s colony, was created from Washington County in 1841. It was first named Navasota County, with Boonville as the county seat. In 1842 the name was changed to Brazos County. Through the Civil War, Millican, . . . Map (db m119591) HM
63Texas (Brazos County), Bryan — 8665 — Site of the Town of Boonville
Established in 1841 as the county seat of Navasota County by John Millican, John H. Jones, J. Ferguson, E. Seale, and Mordecai Boon whose name it bears • The name of the county was changed to Brazos in 1842 • Boonville flourished until 1866 when . . . Map (db m170254) HM
64Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — 503 — Brewster County
Formed from Presidio County Created February 2, 1887. Organized February 14, 1887. In 1897 the territory of Buchel and Foley counties was added to Brewster. Named for Henry Percy Brewster, 1816-1884 soldier and statesman, a hero . . . Map (db m60923) HM
65Texas (Brewster County), Alpine — 570 — Burgess' Water Hole
Called San Lorenzo by Juan Domínguez de Mendoza, 1684. Later Charco de Alzate in honor of an Apache chieftain. After Civil War given name of Burgess' water hole honoring John W. Burgess, pioneer freighter, who here outwitted the Apaches. The . . . Map (db m26390) HM
66Texas (Brewster County), Big Bend National Park — 994 — Comanche Trail
You are now traveling the Comanche Trail blazed by Comanche Indians, en route from the western plains to Mexico, and traveled later by emigrants and soldiers. It extended south from the Horse Head Crossing of the Pecos by Comanche Springs . . . Map (db m53931) HM
67Texas (Brewster County), Marathon — 2003 — Fort Peña Colorado (Red Rock)
Established in 1880 as a means of preventing Indian raids into Mexico. Raided by Apaches in 1881. Abandoned in 1893 after Western Texas had been permanently cleared of Indians.Map (db m73723) HM
68Texas (Briscoe County), Silverton — 512 — Briscoe County
Formed from Bexar Territory Created August 21, 1876 Organized March 15, 1892 Named for Andrew Briscoe 1810-1849 Defender of Texan liberty at the Battle of Concepcion, the Capture of Bexar and the Battle of San Jacinto. Chief . . . Map (db m99865) HM
69Texas (Brooks County), Falfurrias — 522 — Brooks County
Formed from Hidalgo, Starr and Zapata counties, Created March 11, 1911 Organized September 2, 1911 Named in honor of James Abijah Brooks Captain of Texas Rangers, 1882-1906, member of Texas Legislature, County Judge, Brooks County . . . Map (db m180468) HM
70Texas (Burleson County), Caldwell — 7553 — Burleson County
Farmed early as 1744 by Indians under guidance of Spanish missionaries. In 1830, Ft. Tenoxtitlan, guarding Brazos crossing, San Antonio Road, attracted Anglo-Texans, who lived off wild game in early years. County created and organized in 1846. . . . Map (db m129339) HM
71Texas (Burnet County), Bertram — 9700 — Black's Fort
Built as a defense against the Indians in 1855 by William Black (1815-1907) on land owned by him. In the stockade, constructed of cedar logs, sentries were kept on guard on moonlight nights. Guns and ammunition for public use were kept here. . . . Map (db m27429) HM
72Texas (Burnet County), Burnet — 9704 — Burnet County
Formed from portions of Travis, Williamson and Bell counties. Created Feb. 5, 1852; organized August 28, 1852. Named in honor of David G. Burnet (1788-1870), president of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Texas in 1836. County seat, . . . Map (db m27463) HM
73Texas (Burnet County), Burnet — Burnet County
In memory of the Pioneer Settlers of Burnet County Samuel L. Holland, first settler, 1848. Logan Vandeveer, Peter Kerr, William H. Magill, Noah Smithwick, Jesse Burnam, R. H. Hall, General Adam R. Johnson, Captain Christian Dorbandt . . . Map (db m150765) HM
74Texas (Burnet County), Burnet — 9711 — Site of Fort Croghan
Established by Lieut. C. H. Tyler, United States Second Dragoons, by order of the War Department, March 18, 1849, as a protection to frontier settlers against hostile Indians. Abandoned in December, 1853 as the settlements had extended farther west.Map (db m20644) HM
75Texas (Caldwell County), Lockhart — 9759 — Caldwell County
A part of De Witt’s Colony, 1825-1836. A part of Gonzales County to 1848. First settlements were on Plum Creek and the San Marcos River Created     March 6, 1848 Organized     August 7, 1848 Named in honor of Mathew . . . Map (db m91552) HM
76Texas (Calhoun County), Indianola — 4243 — Rene Robert Cavelier Sieur de la Salle
(side 1) Born in Rouen France November 22, 1643. Came to Canada in 1668. Founded a first settlement near Montreal. Led several expeditions on the Great Lakes and the Ohio and Illinois rivers. Completed the exploration of the Mississippi, . . . Map (db m120700) HM
77Texas (Calhoun County), Indianola — 4938 — Site of the Town of Indianola1844-1886
First called by German immigrants Karlshaven, an important port of Texas. Cargoes of ships were hauled to and from points in Texas and Mexico by carts until 1860 when the San Antonio and Mexico Gulf Railroad and the Indianola Railroad were completed . . . Map (db m120706) HM
78Texas (Calhoun County), Point Comfort — 1101 — Site of Cox's Point
An Early Landing Place of Supplies for the Interior Captain Jack Shackelford's "Red Rovers" of Alabama Disembarked at This Point A Town Established Here in 1836 Was Burned by Indians in 1840Map (db m181121) HM
79Texas (Calhoun County), Port Lavaca — 3091 — Site of the Town of Linnville
. . . Map (db m75088) HM
80Texas (Callahan County), Baird — 360 — Belle Plain
First official county seat of Callahan County, 1877 - 1883. The first unofficial county seat was Callahan City where the commissioners court was organized, July 30, 1877, and several civil and probate cases filed. By an invalid election, October . . . Map (db m79092) HM
81Texas (Callahan County), Baird — 634 — Callahan County
Formed from Bexar Territory Created February 1, 1858 Recreated August 21, 1876 Organized July 3, 1877 Named in Honor of James H. Callahan, 1812-1856 Soldier in the Texas Revolution Captain of the Texas Rangers County . . . Map (db m80805) HM
82Texas (Callahan County), Baird — 709 — Captain Andrew Jackson Berry
Veteran of San Jacinto • Officer in the Confederate Army • Born in Indiana, May 16, 1816 • Died at Baird, Texas, July 31, 1899Map (db m80900) HM
83Texas (Callahan County), Baird — 3378 — Military Telegraph Line
The United States Military Telegraph Line Established in 1874-1875 from Fort Griffin to Fort Concho, crossed hereMap (db m79316) HM
84Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — 2531 — Brownsville Home of Charles Stillman1810 - 1875
Founder of Brownsville and partner in firm of M. Kenedy and Company, which opened the Rio Grande to steamboat navigation and controlled much of the commerce of Northern Mexico, 1848-1868. This house, erected about 1850, was the birthplace of . . . Map (db m117849) HM
85Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — 641 — Cameron County
Created February 12, 1848 Since 1535 men of all nations of the earth sailed the blue waters of the Gulf of Mexico to the green valley of the Rio Grande in search of happiness, and each found it in his own time and in his own way. . . . Map (db m118636) HM
86Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — 16054 — Last Battle of the Civil War
At this site the last battle of the Civil War, known as Palmito Hill, was fought by Confederate troops under Colonel John S. (Rip) Ford and Union Forces on May 13, 1865, 34 days after Lee's surrender at Appomattox.Map (db m118442) HM
87Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — 3917 — Palmetto Piling
These palmetto piling are the remains of the Boca Chica Crossing of the railroad from Boca Chica Inlet to White's Ranch on the Rio Grande. Begun by General Francis H. Herron, U.S.A., in 1864 and completed in 1865 by General Philip H. Sheridan for . . . Map (db m164594) HM
88Texas (Cameron County), Las Rusias — 3041 — Las Rucias
Here Colonel John S. Ford of the Confederate Army defeated the Union Forces June 25, 1864 Erected by the State of Texas 1936Map (db m165678) HM
89Texas (Cameron County), Port Isabel — 3780 — Old Point Isabel Lighthouse
The beacon for the commerce of the Rio Grande Erected by the United States Government in 1852 Extinguished during the Civil War Discontinued, 1888 - 1895 Permanently discontinued, 1905 Erected by the State of Texas . . . Map (db m156329) HM
90Texas (Cameron County), San Benito — 5478 — The Spot Where "American Blood was Shed on American Soil"The Thornton Skirmish
The spot where "American blood was shed on American soil" April 25, 1846 Here Captain Philip Thornton and 62 dragoons were attacked by Mexican troops.Map (db m164598) HM
91Texas (Carson County), Panhandle — 737 — Carson County
Formed from Young and Bexar territories; created August 21, 1876, organized June 29, 1888. Named in honor of Samuel P. Carson 1798-1840, statesman of the United States and the Republic of Texas. Wheat, oil and gas contribute to its wealth. . . . Map (db m149695) HM
92Texas (Cass County), New Colony — 9811 — Cass County
Formed from Bowie County land. Created April 25, 1846; organized July 13, 1846. Named in honor of Gen. Lewis Cass (1782-1866). United States soldier and statesman, a strong advocate of annexation of Texas. Important river port city of . . . Map (db m159846) HM
93Texas (Chambers County), Anahuac — 9118 — Chambers County
Formed from Jefferson and Liberty counties. Created February 12, 1858. Organized August 2, 1858. Named in honor of General Thomas Jefferson Chambers 1802-1865 The first and only superior judge of Texas before the Revolution. Member of . . . Map (db m121264) HM
94Texas (Chambers County), Anahuac — 9124 — Fort Anahuac
On this site first known as Perry's Point, a fort, established in 1830 by General Manuel Mier y Terán for the purpose of halting Anglo-American colonization was named Anahuac, the Aztec name of Mexico City, then the capital of Texas. The . . . Map (db m117183) HM
95Texas (Chambers County), Anahuac — 9116 — Home of Thomas Jefferson Chambers1802 - 1865
Surveyor General of Texas, 1829. Sole superior judge of Texas before 1836. Active in the cause of independence. Member of Secession Convention, 1861. Chambersea, later Anahuac, and a Texas county were named in his honor.Map (db m121340) HM
96Texas (Chambers County), Wallisville — 9127 — Mission Nuestra Señora de la Luz
. . . Map (db m117187) HM
97Texas (Cherokee County), Alto — 6838 — Site of Lacy's Fort
Built before 1835 as a home and trading post by Martin Lacy, Indian agent for the Mexican government. Used as a place of refuge after the massacre of the Killough family, October 5, 1838.Map (db m121259) HM
98Texas (Cherokee County), Alto — 15628 — Site of Mission San Francisco de los Tejas
Originally established as Mission San Francisco de los Tejas in 1690 by Franciscan missionaries for the purpose of Christianizing and civilizing the Neches and other Indians of the region. Reestablished in 1716. Abandoned temporarily due to French . . . Map (db m121257) HM
99Texas (Cherokee County), Alto — 6860 — Site of Neches Indian Village
Here at the opening of the 18th century stood a village of the Neches Indians. Their name was given to the river and later to a mission, San Francisco de Los Neches, established near by. With the Cherokees, the Neches Indians were expelled from . . . Map (db m121335) HM
100Texas (Cherokee County), Alto — 6646 — Site of the Delaware Indian Village
Noted as interpreters and messengers of peace, the Delawares were chiefly instrumental in bringing other tribes to the General Treaty at Bird's Fort (in the present county of Tarrant) in 1843.Map (db m121258) HM

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Sep. 28, 2021