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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Santa Fe Trail Historical Markers

This is an important trade route from New Franklin Mo (and parts west as the railroad moved west) to Santa Fe, Nm. The trail was in use from 1822 until the late 1880's.
 
Baca County Trails Marker near the Springfield Town Hall. image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, June 27, 2018
Baca County Trails Marker near the Springfield Town Hall.
GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1Colorado (Baca County), Springfield — Baca County Trails
The Cimarron Cutoff and Granada Road were branches of the Santa Fe Trail from Missouri to Santa Fe. The Aubrey and Penrose were other trails. From 1866-97 thousands of Texas cattle were driven to Montana on the XIT and National Cattle trails. — Map (db m120040) HM
2Colorado (Bent County), Las Animas — Santa Fe Trail1822 — 1872
{Title is text}Map (db m119393) HM
3Colorado (Las Animas County), Model — The Santa Fe Trail
Trail of Commerce The heavily laden freight wagons traveled in parallel columns to minimize dust and for convenience when circling the wagons at night or when danger threatened. A circle of wagons provided a fine defensive position. But the . . . — Map (db m77883) HM
4Colorado (Las Animas County), Trinidad — Santa Fe Trail
This monument marks the route of the Santa Fe Trail 1822 - 1879 placed by the Daughters of the American Revolution and the State of Colorado It also commemorates the faithful work of Harriett Parker Campbell . . . — Map (db m77856) HM
5Colorado (Las Animas County), Trinidad — The Santa Fe Trail
This memorial is the Property of the State of Colorado The Santa Fe Trail 1840 - 1878 Two roads or forks of the Mountain Branch of the Santa Fe Trail-Bent's Old Fort to Taos and Santa Fe-joined . . . — Map (db m104912) HM
6Colorado (Prowers County), Lamar — Experience the Past on the Santa Fe Trail
Location, Location, Location Thousands of caravans used the Santa Fe Trail between 1821 and 1880. The trail clung close to the Arkansas River for hundreds of miles across the open plains. The Arkansas Valley offered gentle terrain . . . — Map (db m106937) HM
7Colorado (Prowers County), Lamar — Santa Fe Trail1822 - 1872
The Santa Fe Trail was the main trade route between Franklin MO and Santa Fe NM. The main part of the trail was 780 miles long. Thousands of freight wagons rumbled along the trail each year, except for the winter months. The trail passes several . . . — Map (db m106939) HM
8Kansas (Barton County), Great Bend — Site of Fort Zarah1822 - 1872
Site of Fort Zarah 1822 - 1872 on Santa Fe Trail — Map (db m59157) HM
9Kansas (Barton County), Pawnee Rock — "A Point of Red Rocks"
We set out at the ushal time and at 8 miles West We passed point of Red Rocks about 600 yds from the river and at Eleven miles crossed the paney River….Some Cottenwood on the Banks and Some Bushis. the Red Rock is evidently a volcanic production . . . — Map (db m64249) HM
10Kansas (Barton County), Pawnee Rock — "A Rallying Point for the Indians"
No one actually knows how Pawnee Rock was named. Josiah Gregg, who had been over the Santa Fe Trail eight times beginning in 1831, wrote: the attention of the traveller is directed to the ‘Pawnee Rock' so called, it is said, on account of a . . . — Map (db m64243) HM
11Kansas (Barton County), Pawnee Rock — "A Remarkable Rocky Point"
From 1821 until late in the 1800s Pawnee Rock was a noted landmark along the Santa Fe Trail. Thousands of wagons lumbered and creaked by here carrying goods to or from the great American Southwest. Many travelers recorded their impressions of . . . — Map (db m64245) HM
12Kansas (Barton County), Pawnee Rock — "Along Came the Line of Wagons"
Slowly along came the line of wagons, and the prairie breeze brought us, in sound, faint and far between, the driver’s invocations to their mules. Matthew C. Field, journalist 1839 From 1821 until the late 1860s the Santa Fe Trail ran . . . — Map (db m64241) HM
13Kansas (Barton County), Pawnee Rock — “One of the Grandest Sights Ever Beheld”
Standing here 175 years ago Santa Fe Trail travelers looked out over a sea of grass. About three miles to the south a line of timber marked the Arkansas River which meandered across the prairie. A few plum thickets dotted the landscape, and an . . . — Map (db m64203) HM
14Kansas (Barton County), Pawnee Rock — “One of the Grandest Sights Ever Beheld”
Standing here 175 years ago Santa Fe Trail travelers looked out over a sea of grass. About three miles to the south a line of timber marked the Arkansas River which meandered across the prairie. A few plum thickets dotted the landscape, and an . . . — Map (db m64205) HM
15Kansas (Barton County), Pawnee Rock — Marking the Rock
Pawnee Rock changed very little for ten thousand years. The hill was grass-covered with a fifty-foot-high face on the southeast side in front of you. Wind, water, and vegetation slowly eroded the stone. But Pawnee Rock has changed. The top of . . . — Map (db m64242) HM
16Kansas (Barton County), Pawnee Rock — Pawnee Rock
A mile northeast is Pawnee Rock, a famous landmark on the Santa Fe Trail. Considered the mid-point of the long road between Missouri and New Mexico. Pawnee Rock was a symbol of challenges overcome. Many early travelers mentioned it in their . . . — Map (db m55303) HM
17Kansas (Barton County), Pawnee Rock — 71 — Pawnee Rock
"We first rode nearly north about a mile to a remarkable Rocky Point . . .We rode upon the top which is probably 50 feet above the plain below, and from whence there is a charming view of the country in every direction." —George Sibley, . . . — Map (db m64191) HM
18Kansas (Barton County), Pawnee Rock — Santa Fe Trail1822 - 1872
[Title is text] — Map (db m64190) HM
19Kansas (Barton County), Pawnee Rock — 50 — Santa Fe Trail1822 - 1872
[Title is marker text] — Map (db m64197) HM
20Kansas (Barton County), Pawnee Rock — Santa Fe Trail1822 - 1872
. . . — Map (db m64199) HM
21Kansas (Barton County), Pawnee Rock — Santa Fe Trail Monument
In honor of the brave men and women who passing over the old Santa Fe Trail, endured the hardships of frontier life, and blazed the path of civilization for posterity Pawnee Rock, given to the State of Kansas by Benj. P. Unruh, in . . . — Map (db m64248) HM
22Kansas (Barton County), Pawnee Rock — William Becknell
Father of Santa Fe Trail Pawnee Rock, Kansas 150 Anniversary 1821 1971 — Map (db m64201) HM
23Kansas (Douglas County), Baldwin City — 8 — Baldwin
Here, and for the next 300 miles west, Highway 56 roughly follows the old Santa Fe Trail, and frequently crosses it. White settlement began in this area in 1854, the year Kansas became a territory, and in 1855 the town of Palmyra was founded. When . . . — Map (db m20073) HM
24Kansas (Douglas County), Baldwin City — Black Jack Park
South of this park are 18 acres of virgin prairie. Purchased 1967 by Douglas County from Russell Hays for a permanent prairie preserve and historic site. Evidence of Santa Fe Trail plainly visible. Original site of DAR marker was near pioneer . . . — Map (db m20062) HM
25Kansas (Douglas County), Baldwin City — Ivan L. Boyd Memorial Prairie Preserve
Across the small foot bridge and up the trail is the entrance to a 16-acre remnant of a tallgrass prairie. It is dedicated to Dr. Boyd, who was a biology professor at Baker University, 1941-1982. Dr. Boyd was instrumental in getting the county to . . . — Map (db m63702) HM
26Kansas (Douglas County), Baldwin City — Palmyra
First important repair stop on the Santa Fe Trail Blacksmith~~General Store~~Hotel Well~~Saw Mill~~Post Office Lawyer Settled 1856 Surveyed 1857 The Palmyra Association Donated the Land for Baker University and City of . . . — Map (db m91202) HM
27Kansas (Douglas County), Baldwin City — Palmyra Well
This well was hand dug when the town of Palmyra was established in 1857, it served travelers on the Santa Fe Trail, as well as townspeople. The well is 25 ft in diameter and 56 ft deep and about 17 ft to water. — Map (db m91201) HM
28Kansas (Douglas County), Baldwin City — Trail Park
This Angling Road is the Original Santa Fe Trail. Park Area Donated by I. and J. Stickle to Baker University in 1907. D.A.R. Monument Commemorates the Dispersal of Free-State and Pro-Slavery Forces after the Battle of Black Jack. Original . . . — Map (db m20075) HM
29Kansas (Douglas County), Centropolis — Globe
Santa Fe Trail followed high land to the SW of this marker. Two miles south of here the Marion Town Company laid out the Town of Marion in honor of Gen. Francis Marion, "The Swamp Fox" of Revolutionary War fame. Town well, . . . — Map (db m19729) HM
30Kansas (Douglas County), Globe — Santa Fe Trail Crossed Here
. . . — Map (db m19728) HM
31Kansas (Ellis County), Hays — Santa Fe Mail Company DepotHays City, Kansas
When the Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division reached Hays City in October, 1867, this site became the temporary starting point of the Santa Fe Trail until mid-1868. The Five-Mule Concord Coaches of the Santa Fe Mail Company left here daily on . . . — Map (db m96493) HM
32Kansas (Finney County), Garden City — 73 — Santa Fe Trail1822 - 1872
[Title is text] — Map (db m65860) HM
33Kansas (Ford County), Fort Dodge — 75 — Fort Dodge
Fort Dodge, named for Maj. Gen. Grenville M. Dodge, was established here in 1865. It was a supply depot and base of operations against warring Plains Tribes. Custer, Sheridan, Miles, Hancock, "Wild Bill" Hickok and "Buffalo Bill" Cody are figures . . . — Map (db m65406) HM
34Kansas (Ford County), Howell — A Fine Country…
"Long ago the Arapahoes had a fine country of their own. The white man came to see them, and the Indians gave him buffalo meat and a horse to ride on…the country was big enough for the white man and the Arapahoes, too…The government sent . . . — Map (db m65508) HM
35Kansas (Ford County), Howell — Campsite of the U.S. Survey Team Sept. 10-21, 1825
Camping near this location Sept. 10, 1825, the survey team remained through September 21 waiting for a courier with information from the U.S. Government as to how to proceed further. West of the 100th meridian which surveyor Joseph Brown mistakingly . . . — Map (db m65720) HM
36Kansas (Ford County), Howell — 67 — Santa Fe Trail1822 - 1872
[Title is marker text] — Map (db m65439) HM
37Kansas (Ford County), Howell — Santa Fe Trail Remains
has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating or illustrating the history of the United . . . — Map (db m65494) HM
38Kansas (Ford County), Howell — Santa Fe Trail Sites to the East
Unlike the emigrant trails that took travelers west to Utah, Oregon, and California, the Santa Fe Trail mainly handled commercial traffic moving east and west. When Santa Fe became part of the United States in 1848 after the Mexican-American . . . — Map (db m65519) HM
39Kansas (Ford County), Howell — Santa Fe Trail Sites to the West & South
Pioneered by William Becknell in 1821, the Santa Fe Trail was a 900-mile overland road that connected Franklin, Missouri, with Santa Fe, New Mexico, and was an important commercial trade route. Near here, trail travelers had to decide which route . . . — Map (db m65496) HM
40Kansas (Ford County), Howell — Santa Fe Trail, 1821 - 1880
Eighteen Miles a Day Hundreds of freight wagons laden with trade items once lumbered by here, passing just uphill from where you are standing. Large caravans took six to ten weeks to travel the 900 miles between Mexico (present-day New . . . — Map (db m65512) HM
41Kansas (Ford County), Howell — The Worst Piece of Road
For 60 years, this prairie soil was torn by the hooves of mules, oxen, and horses, and compacted by the weight of the large freight wagons they pulled. The wagons of a caravan traveled four abreast to avoid dust and to quickly form defensive . . . — Map (db m65440) HM
42Kansas (Ford County), Howell — Trails on the Prairie
You are standing on a bluff above the Arkansas River, an international boundary between the United States and Mexico during the early years of the Santa Fe Trail. This area was prone to flooding and the ruts offer an excellent illustration of how . . . — Map (db m65495) HM
43Kansas (Ford County), Wright — 74 — The Road to Santa Fe
The Santa Fe trail, extending 750 miles from the Kansas City area to the old Spanish settlement of Santa Fe, was the great overland trade route of the 1820's to 1870s. Its commercial use began in 1821, when William Becknell headed west with a pack . . . — Map (db m55277) HM
44Kansas (Johnson County), Gardner — A Look Back in TimeThe Santa Fe, Oregon, and California trails once passed this way
Heavy freight wagons lumbering to and from New Mexico, and emigrant families and gold seekers heading west to Oregon and California all shared this route from Independence and Kansas City. The trails split here at Gardner Junction. Preserving . . . — Map (db m131353) HM
45Kansas (Johnson County), Gardner — A Look Back in TimeThe Santa Fe Trail stirs the imagination as few other historic trails
Spanning 900 miles of the Great Plains between the United States (Missouri) and Mexico (Santa Fe), this great trail of commerce between two countries was also a route for the frontier military and emigration to the West. For 60 years, the trail was . . . — Map (db m131377) HM
46Kansas (Johnson County), Gardner — Apprehension and Conflict
The Indian Removal Act of 1830 required that many American Indian Tribes in the eastern part of the United States be moved to the Great Plains Region west of the Missouri River — lands identified as the “Permanent Indian Frontier.” . . . — Map (db m131313) HM
47Kansas (Johnson County), Gardner — Eye of the Needle
"This morning we passed the road to Oregon that leaves, about eight miles from Round Grove, the Santa Fe Road, and turns to the right towards the Kansas. A way post had been put there, marked "Road to Oregon." —Dr. Frederick A. . . . — Map (db m131352) HM
48Kansas (Johnson County), Gardner — Following Their Dreams
"We took the Oregon road, instead of that to Santa Fe and went twelve miles before we discovered our error. In returning two of our wagons broke down, by which we were detained two days until July 4th. We at last got fairly on the Santa Fe . . . — Map (db m131312) HM
49Kansas (Johnson County), Gardner — From Prairie Schooners to Locomotives
Travel along the Oregon and California trails increased in the 1840s with the cry of “Westward Ho.” When the 1848 discovery of gold was made at Sutter’s Mill in California, the desire to reach the gold fields ahead of others intensified . . . — Map (db m131310) HM
50Kansas (Johnson County), Gardner — 6 — Overland Trails
Here US-56 lies directly on the route of the Oregon-California and Santa Fe trails. Nearby, the trails branched. On a rough sign pointing northwest were the words, "Road to Oregon." Another marker directed travelers southwest along the road to Santa . . . — Map (db m21669) HM
51Kansas (Johnson County), Gardner — Santa Fe Trail
This marks the route of the Santa Fe Trail from Kansas City to Santa Fe 1822 - 1880. — Map (db m20074) HM
52Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — A Most Desirable Spot For Camping
The Lone Elm Campground The land here at Lone Elm met the three requirements for a stopover for travelers on the trail...wood, water, and grass. Wood for campfires and wagon repairs, water for the support of people and animals, and grass for . . . — Map (db m34342) HM
53Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — Elm Grove Campground
For over three decades starting in 1827, Elm Grove Campground, one mile east of near the bridge on Cedar Creek, was an important frontier camp site. Thousands of Santa Fe traders, Oregon and California emigrants, missionaries, mountain men, soldiers . . . — Map (db m20093) HM
54Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — Lone Elm Campground
Lone Elm is one of the most historic and important frontier trail camp sites in America and was used as a campground and rendezvous point for all three of our nation's great western roads to the frontier.....the Santa Fe, Oregon, and California . . . — Map (db m34334) HM
55Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — Lone Elm Park
"Travelers came to look upon it as an old friend - they felt an attachment for the tree that had so often sheltered and shaded them from storm and sun..." W.W.H. Davis (1853) Lone Elm Park was purchased by the City of Olathe in 2000 to . . . — Map (db m34339) HM
56Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — Rest for the Weary
"These is a romance about the stage coach that will never die. Its jolly driver with his six-in-hand, the merry passenger with his jokes ans stories, and the stations along the road where we used to stretch our tired limbs will long linger like a . . . — Map (db m20096) HM
57Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — Roads To The West
The Santa Fe Trail The Santa Fe Trail began in 1821 when William Becknell led a small group of men on a trading expedition from frontier Missouri to colonial Santa Fe. Mexico had recently declared its independence from Spain and abolished . . . — Map (db m34340) HM
58Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — Santa Fe Trail
This marks the route of the Santa Fe Trail from Kansas City to Santa Fe 1822 - 1880 — Map (db m20065) HM
59Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — 3 — Santa Fe Trail1822 - 1872
Marked by the Daughters of the American Revolution and the State of Kansas — Map (db m34332) HM
60Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — The Travelers
The Travelers For more than four decades, tens of thousands of travelers camped here. The Lone Elm campground was one or two nights out from the frontier "jumping off" points on the Missouri River. The great lone elm tree that gave this . . . — Map (db m34355) HM
61Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — Trail Campground..To Farm..To Park
In 1857, Newton Ainsworth claimed this land and allowed the trail travelers to continue camping here. A decade later, the railroads began to make their way west and the great overland trails became a part of history. The need for camping at Lone . . . — Map (db m34357) HM
62Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — Trails Westby Eldon Tefft
The oxen and Conestoga wagon sculpture was originally commissioned in 1994 for use at the Kansas Visitors Center at 119th & Strang Line Road. When the Center closed in 2002 the sculpture was awarded to the City of Olathe. The sculpture has been . . . — Map (db m34337) HM
63Kansas (Johnson County), Overland Park — "A Day on the Trail"
Images Art Gallery has proudly designed and painted this mural depicting "A Day on the Trail." The Santa Fe Trail was a two-way trail of commerce and cultural exchange between the United States and Mexico from 1821 to the 1870's. Oxen or mules . . . — Map (db m99304) HM
64Kansas (Johnson County), Overland Park — Opening the Floodgates
[Inset] "from 'Sappling Grove' where there is an excellent fountain spring & a very good place to camp.. The road runs a little round on the high ridge." The Santa Fe Trail began in 1821 when William Becknell and a small . . . — Map (db m100228) HM
65Kansas (Johnson County), Overland Park — Santa Fe and Oregon Trails
Both the Santa Fe and Oregon Trails crossed here, northeast to southwest, beginning 1821. The trails took separate courses farther west. A route through Kansas Territory was opened north of here in the 1830's after the founding of Westport, Mo. Long . . . — Map (db m20213) HM
66Kansas (Johnson County), Overland Park — 1 — Santa Fe Trail1822 - 1872
[Title is text] — Map (db m99303) HM
67Kansas (Johnson County), Overland Park — Two Routes from Westport
The Santa Fe Trail forked into two routes as it headed south from Westport. Along the routes were campgrounds for trail travelers — to the northeast of the junction was Sapling Grove and the southwest was a campground called Flat Rock or . . . — Map (db m100264) HM
68Kansas (Johnson County), Overland Park — Two Ways West from Westport
Imagine seeing Santa Fe Trail wagon trains coursing through Overland Park! Around you swirls the sights and sounds of wagons creaking, oxen braying, and wagon masters shouting commands. You are standing between two historic branches of the Santa . . . — Map (db m99307) HM
69Kansas (Johnson County), Overland Park — Voices from the Trail
The Santa Fe, Oregon, and California trails proved to be both challenging and exhilarating for the travelers in the caravans passing through this junction along one of the Westport routes. Letters and diaries are filled with adventures and . . . — Map (db m100260) HM
70Kansas (Johnson County), Shawnee — Gum Springs
Located today at 59th Terrace and Bluejacket in the city of Shawnee, Gum Springs was the site of the Shawnee Indian church and meeting house, as well as the location of several excellent springs, all near the intersection of the Fort Leavenworth . . . — Map (db m50693) HM
71Kansas (Johnson County), Shawnee — The Development of the Kansas City area Frontier Trails NetworkTrail Map
The Santa Fe Trail went through two decades of change in the Kansas City area before evolving into it's final form by about 1840. In the early years of that decade it also became the route of the Oregon Trail and California Trail. 1821 - . . . — Map (db m50679) HM
72Kansas (Johnson County), Shawnee — Wagonmaster's HouseRichard Williams
Richard Williams was born in Tennessee in 1830, son of Judge Arthur Williams. As a young man, Richard came to Johnson County in the 1850s, employed as a surveyor by the U.S. government. During the 1850s and early 1860s, Dick Williams was a . . . — Map (db m50691) HM
73Kansas (Kearny County), Lakin — 82 — Chouteau's Island
In the spring of 1816 Auguste P. Chouteau's hunting party traveling east with a winter's catch of furs was attacked near the Arkansas river by 200 Pawnees. Retreating to what was once an island five miles southwest of this marker the hunters . . . — Map (db m65747) HM
74Kansas (Kearny County), Lakin — 78 — Santa Fe Trail1822 - 1872
[Title is text] — Map (db m65744) HM
75Kansas (Kearny County), Lakin — 79 — Santa Fe Trail1822 - 1872
[Title is text] — Map (db m65749) HM
76Kansas (Kearny County), Lakin — 72 — Santa Fe Trail Ruts1821 - 1872
Looking east, up and over the bank of the ditch, one can see the wagon ruts of the Santa Fe Trail. You will notice a difference in the color and texture of the grass in the ruts. This is characteristic of the ruts along the trail. Between Pawnee . . . — Map (db m65755) HM
77Kansas (Leavenworth County), Fort Leavenworth — Santa Fe and Oregon Trails
This cut is part of the old Santa Fe Trail. Many years ago the Missouri River came near this site and thousands of early settlers were ferried here. Their wagons and teams climbed this hill and headed west toward Santa Fe and the Oregon . . . — Map (db m66712) HM
78Kansas (Leavenworth County), Fort Leavenworth — The Oregon and Santa Fe Trails
The stone monuments to the west mark the trace of the original road leading up from the river. For many pioneers, traders, settlers and soldiers, this was the beginning of the Oregon and Santa Fe Trails leading to the Far West. The steamboat and . . . — Map (db m66713) HM
79Kansas (Lyon County), Admire — 21 — Santa Fe Trail1822 - 1872
[Title is text] — Map (db m64957) HM
80Kansas (Marion County), Durham — 33 — Santa Fe Trail1822 - 1872
[Title is text] — Map (db m61295) HM
81Kansas (Marion County), Tampa — Old Santa Fe Trail
Operated 1822-1872 Purchased from the Indians Aug. 10, 1825 Surveyed 1827 from Independence, Mo to Santa Fe, N.M. — Map (db m76797) HM
82Kansas (McPherson County), Canton — Santa Fe and Chisholm Trails
1822-1872 Santa Fe Trail 1867-1872 Chisholm Trail [trail maps through local area] — Map (db m53564) HM
83Kansas (McPherson County), Elyria — 33 — Kansas Indian Treaty
In 1825 President James Monroe approved a bill providing for the survey of the Santa Fe Trail from Missouri to New Mexico and the making of treaties to insure friendly relations with Indians along the route. A mile west of this sign, on Dry Turkey . . . — Map (db m53059) HM
84Kansas (McPherson County), Elyria — Sora Kansas CreekSanta Fe Trail — 1822 - 1872 —
Near this spot August 16, 1825 the treaty was made with the Kansas Indians for the Right of Way of the trail — Map (db m53060) HM
85Kansas (Morris County), Council Grove — A Well-furnished Store
"Those who have occassion to stop at Council Grove, on the Santa Fe Road, will do well to 'put up' with Charles A. Gilkey [Hays' hotel clerk]…[?] host of the Hayes House. [They]…cannot but help feeling quite at home. - Kansas Press, July . . . — Map (db m45123) HM
86Kansas (Morris County), Council Grove — Bur OakQuercus macrocarpa — Sprout Date 1776 —
This hardwood tree was part of the original grove that provided shelter, and wood for wagon repairs for travelers on the Santa Fe Trail. The grove was a continuous strip of timber near one mile in width with a rich variety of trees. The town of . . . — Map (db m44824) HM
87Kansas (Morris County), Council Grove — Bur OakQuercus macrocarpa — Sprout Date 1694 —
This hardwood tree was part of the original grove that provided shelter, and wood for wagon repairs for travelers on the Santa Fe Trail. The grove was a continuous strip of timber near one mile in width with a rich variety of trees. The town of . . . — Map (db m44964) HM
88Kansas (Morris County), Council Grove — Bur OakQuercus macrocarpa — Sprout Date 1749 —
This hardwood tree was part of the original grove that provided shelter, and wood for wagon repairs for travelers on the Santa Fe Trail. The grove was a continuous strip of timber near one mile in width with a rich variety of trees. The town of . . . — Map (db m44966) HM
89Kansas (Morris County), Council Grove — Conn Store"He fears no competition."
"In his stock were found every known variety of goods for use on the frontier, from ox yokes and repairs to cambric needles, from small boxes of pills to barrels of whiskey." - Conn Store Clerk William Shamleffer For traders on the Santa Fe . . . — Map (db m45088) HM
90Kansas (Morris County), Council Grove — Council Oak
The hunting grounds of the Kaw (Kansa) and Osage Indians were located here when Americans and Mexicans began hauling trade goods over the Santa Fe Trail in 1821. In 1825, in response to traders and merchants who eagerly sought trade with . . . — Map (db m44981) HM
91Kansas (Morris County), Council Grove — Council Oak AcornArbor Day 1931
Acorn from Council Oak — Map (db m45454) HM
92Kansas (Morris County), Council Grove — Custer Elm
This picture of Custer Elm was taken in 1928 and at that time the tree was estimated to be 300 years old. Dutch elm disease caused it to die in the early 1970's. General George Armstrong Custer and his 7th Calvary [sic] regiment camped beneath . . . — Map (db m44938) HM WM
93Kansas (Morris County), Council Grove — First Santa Fe Pack Train1821 - 1921
In commemoration of the home coming to Council Grove June 27 - July 2 celebrating the one hundredth anniversary of the first pack train to pass over the Santa Fe Trail, led by Wm. Becknell — Map (db m45078) HM
94Kansas (Morris County), Council Grove — Hays House1857 — Philomathian Heritage Plaque —
Built in 1857 by Seth Hays on the site of the first permanent building (1848) in Council Grove. The original log cabin was also known as the Hays House. Used continuously as a restaurant, this building was also used for church services, court . . . — Map (db m45133) HM
95Kansas (Morris County), Council Grove — Hermit's Cave1863
Father Francisco, Hermit Priest of the Santa Fe Trail, lived in this cave for 5 months. — Map (db m45148) HM
96Kansas (Morris County), Council Grove — Hermit's Cave
"He appears rather an intelligent man, speaks nine different languages. He has lived a Hermit some thirty five years... Last winter he lived five months in a hollow tree near Westport, Mo. He refuses to eat bread or meat; his food consists of corn . . . — Map (db m45206) HM
97Kansas (Morris County), Council Grove — Kaw MissionA School for the Kaws
"Great father, you white people treat us like a flock of turkeys. You chase us from one steam and then chase us to another stream and then to another stream. Soon you will chase us over the mountains and into the ocean - Al-le-ga-wa-ho, . . . — Map (db m45053) HM
98Kansas (Morris County), Council Grove — Last Chance Store
"Last chance for beans, bacon and whiskey." During the 1857 trading season, this building housed a store on the edge of Council Grove. Here was the last opportunity for the trader bound for Santa Fe to purchase supplies before venturing into the . . . — Map (db m45396) HM
99Kansas (Morris County), Council Grove — Last Chance Store1857 — Built by Tom Hill —
The last chance for supplies between Council Grove and Santa Fe, New Mexico. — Map (db m45397) HM
100Kansas (Morris County), Council Grove — Madonna of the Trail
N.S.D.A.R. Memorial
to the Pioneer Mothers of the Covered Wagon Days The National Old Trails Road Here East met West when the Old Santa Fe Trail was established August 10, 1825 at a council between the United . . . — Map (db m44822) HM

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Oct. 27, 2020