Named for Frederick Douglass, famed runaway slave, abolitionist and statesman. Douglass came to Tuskegee in 1892 and delivered the 11th Annual Commencement address in which he "urged economy, thrift and common sense." Those words of Douglass . . . — — Map (db m101908) HM
Family and Early Political Life
William Henry Seward was born in Florida, New York, on May 16, 1801. His father, a wealthy landowner, was a slaveholder prior to New York abolishing slavery in 1827. Seward would later become instrumental in . . . — — Map (db m181752) HM
Mother of Civil Rights in California.
She supported the western terminus of the underground railway for fugitive slaves, 1850-1865. This legendary pioneer once lived on this site and planted these six trees.
Placed by the San . . . — — Map (db m85557) HM
The significance of 1514 Blake St. lies in its connection to the remarkable life of black pioneer Barney Ford. Ford was born a slave on January 22, 1822 in Stafford, Virginia, but escaped to Chicago, where he worked with the underground railroad . . . — — Map (db m118597) HM
Known in the 1800’s as “the hub” of Connecticut’s Underground Railroad, Farmington was home to an active group of prominent and outspoken abolitionists, several of whom were involved in state, national and international anti-slavery . . . — — Map (db m95984) HM
1594 – 1654
Of Copford Hall. Essex England. Third Governor of Massachusetts. A founder of this commonwealth & its first Governor. A lover of religious liberty. A man trusted and honored.
Near this place he was buried & by . . . — — Map (db m44068) HM
John Brown, the abolitionist, was born at this site on May 9, 1800. He dedicated his life to ending slavery in the United States. Brown became a spokesperson for those abolitionists who believed that slavery could only be eliminated by force. He is . . . — — Map (db m30187) HM
The Underground Railroad
Led by George Read, Founder of the Town’s Ivory Industry, Deep River Became Known in the Nineteenth Century as "All Abolitionist" and a Refuge for Runaway Slaves on the Underground Railroad. In 1828, Daniel Fisher, a . . . — — Map (db m100312) HM
On this site, on a spring evening in 1834, a violent mob descended on a small group of Middletown residents who had come together to work towards abolishing slavery. The abolitionists, both black and white citizens, were members of the newly . . . — — Map (db m71118) HM
[ south side ]
“Make Us Free”
This monument is a memorial to the 1839 Amistad Revolt and its leader, Sengbe Pieh, also known as Joseph Cinque. Sengbe Pieh was one of the millions of Africans kidnapped from their homes and . . . — — Map (db m48428) HM
This house was built in 1839 for George and Abigail Greenman. He was the oldest of the three brothers who founded the George Greenman & Co. Shipyard. The three brothers lived here until Clark Greenman built his house next door on your right in . . . — — Map (db m114829) HM
Founded 1783 on the tract “Brecknock” by Daniel Mifflin and settled largely by Quakers. Once called Piccadilly and Mifflins Cross Roads. Incorporated 1852, it was a center of anti-slavery sentiment. Several homes were by tradition stops . . . — — Map (db m168332) HM
This house of worship, built in 1805, was first a Preparative Meeting under the care of Motherkiln (Murderkill) Monthly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). In 1830, Camden Monthly Meeting was formed by uniting with Motherkiln and . . . — — Map (db m39513) HM
Chief engineer of the Underground Rail Road in the State of Del. and the richest man in Del. He was convicted and fined in 1846 by the U.S. Dist. Court, later he was fined twice for $10,000.00 each by Del. but was advised the fines wouldn't be . . . — — Map (db m39514) HM
Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church-The roots of this congregation can be traced to 1845, when a group of local residents met to formally organize Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church. With several churches established in the area by free . . . — — Map (db m141317) HM
These two words say a great deal about Dover. It is a modern and growing city entering the 21st century on a foundation of achievement built over more than 300 years of American history.
And a rich history it is. Founded by William Penn in . . . — — Map (db m142501) HM
A native of Virginia's Eastern Shore, Mifflin came to Delaware as a young man. Born into a slaveholding Quaker family, he manumitted his own slaves in 1774-75 and later became one of America's foremost abolitionists of the 18th century. As an elder . . . — — Map (db m39456) HM
Samuel D. Burris, a free African-American conductor on the Underground Railroad resided in the Willow Grove area during the 1840s. He helped enslaved people find their pathway to freedom in Philadelphia. Caught for aiding and abetting runaway slaves . . . — — Map (db m142503) HM
Near this location were the farms of John Alston (1794-1872) and John Hunn (1818-1894), cousins who shared the Quaker faith and were well documented operatives on Delaware's Underground Railroad. John Alston sometimes employed fugitives as laborers . . . — — Map (db m88341) HM
Believed to be one of the smallest Quaker Meeting Houses in the nation, the Appoquinimink Friends Meeting House was built in 1785 by David Wilson and presented to the Friends as a gift. Local tradition identifies this structure as a stop on the . . . — — Map (db m10308) HM
Built in the mid-eighteenth century by Captain David Clark, Clearfield Farm was the home of his grandson John Clark (1761 -1821), Governor of Delaware from 1817 -1820. John Clark served as Colonel in the Delaware Militia and as Justice of the Peace . . . — — Map (db m69112) HM
Abraham Doras Shadd (1801-1882) was the grandson
of Hans and Elizabeth Schad, a Hessian soldier and
free Black woman who settled in Delaware in the
1770s. Abraham was a shoemaker and a well-known
abolitionist in Wilmington who aided freedom . . . — — Map (db m191564) HM
By the late 1700s the institution of slavery was declining in Delaware. A changing economy and the active efforts of Quakers and Methodists had led to the manumission of many slaves and dramatic growth of the state’s free black population. Though . . . — — Map (db m168333) HM
"I had reasoned this out in my mind, there was one of two things I had a right to, liberty or death; if I could not have one, I would have the other."
Born on Maryland's eastern shore, Harriet Tubman's family of eleven suffered the . . . — — Map (db m130473) HM
Grew from New-Wark Meeting established 1682. Present house is third in this vicinity. Friends School begun here in 1748 has operated continuously. Among 3,000 buried in yard are founders of Wilmington, John Dickinson, "Penman of the Revolution," and . . . — — Map (db m10943) HM
"For the sake of peace, love, and nothing but that..."
referring to the break with the Asbury Methodist Church of Wilmington,
Reverend Peter Spencer
The August Quarterly, originally known as the Big Quarterly, is the oldest . . . — — Map (db m130484) HM
On March 10, 1999, this site was officially proclaimed as the Tubman-Garrett Riverfront Park by the Riverfront Development Corporation of Delaware
The Underground Railroad Memorial Plaque was originally erected in 1976 at Spencer Plaza by . . . — — Map (db m184944) HM
Thomas Garrett, John Hunn, Ezekial Jenkins, Samual D. Burris, and many other Delawareans were prominent abolitionists of pre-Civil War days. Their activities with Harriet Tubman, an escaped slave from Dorchester County, Maryland, frequently referred . . . — — Map (db m184942) HM
Born August 21, 1789, in Upper Darby, Pennsylvania, Garrett came to Wilmington in 1822. A prominent merchant, his home and business were located nearby on Shipley Street. Garrett was committed to the anti-slavery efforts of his Quaker faith. He is . . . — — Map (db m67356) HM
The first Meeting House on this site was built in 1738. It was replaced in 1748 when a larger building was constructed. The old Meeting House was then converted into a school. Known as Wilmington Friends School, it was relocated to a new facility in . . . — — Map (db m10941) HM
In October 1856, famed Underground Railroad conductor Harriet Tubman organized what is considered by Tubman scholars to be "one of her most complicated and clever escape attempts." Working at the request of a fiancé who had escaped to Canada, Tubman . . . — — Map (db m138271) HM
Also known as Cedar Hill, this site encompasses the estate owned by Frederick Douglass from 1877 until his death in 1895. In honor of Douglass’ work as an author, orator, abolitionist, statesman, and civil rights leader, this site is designated a . . . — — Map (db m40846) HM
This imposing property once belonged to Anacostia’s most famous resident: Frederick Douglass. After escaping slavery as a young man, Douglass rose to become a distinguished abolitionist, writer, publisher, and orator. By the 1860s Douglass was . . . — — Map (db m88723) HM
The "Freedmen's Bureau" acquired 375 acres of land that was originally a tobacco plantation from the Barry Family in the late 1800's. In 1867, the land was named Hillsdale by African Americans who came to Washington in great numbers before and . . . — — Map (db m141635) HM
Patriot John Smilie (1741-1812) joined the militia when the Revolutionary War began, leaving his Pennsylvania farm in the care of his wife. He was elected to the Pennsylvania state legislature in 1784. A vocal abolitionist, Smilie was instrumental . . . — — Map (db m141886) HM
2nd Church Built 1833.
Admitted to Philadelphia-Baltimore Conference, 1837.
3rd Church Built 1888.
Relocated present site, 1956.
Bishop Raymond Luthe Jones, Presiding Bishop, 4th Episcopal District.
Dr. William B. . . . — — Map (db m11042) HM
Orator - Publisher - Statesman
Precursor of the Civil Rights Movement
An ex-slave who rose to world renown as an abolitionist and who served in high government posts under presidents Grant through Cleveland, Frederick Douglass resided in this . . . — — Map (db m69264) HM
In grateful memory of Abraham Lincoln. This monument was erected by the Western Sanitary Commission of Saint Louis, Mo., with funds contributed solely by emancipated Citizens of the United States declared free by his Proclamation, January 1st . . . — — Map (db m41617) HM
Three years after he escaped enslavement, Douglass gave a brief speech at an anti-slavery meeting in New Bedford, Massachusetts. This lecture would be the beginning of a repertoire of speeches that built Frederick Douglass's reputation as one of the . . . — — Map (db m129792) HM
Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey fled enslavement in Maryland on September 3, 1838. His escape route included travel by train, ferry, and steamboat through Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania, and New York. Each tree in Escape Allée represents . . . — — Map (db m129785) HM
Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey arrived in New York with the aid of a free woman named Anna Murray. She followed him to New York, and eleven days after his arrival, they married. The couple continued to settle in New Bedford, Massachusetts, . . . — — Map (db m129790) HM
From his 1841 speech at a Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society convention, until 1895 when he died suddenly at his Cedar Hill home in Washington, D.C., Frederick Douglass championed human rights. This memorial grove of scarlet oaks represent the . . . — — Map (db m129791) HM
"...watch yourselves closely
so that you do not forget the things
your eyes have seen...
to your children
and to their children
and to their children after them."
Stories . . . — — Map (db m70316) HM
"The churches are needed
as never before
for divine services."
President Abraham Lincoln
So said President Lincoln from his pew in New York Avenue Presbyterian Church. While other churches were occupied by . . . — — Map (db m32926) HM
Fire Fact, November 28, 1911
DC's first motorized fire engine was placed in service at Engine Company 24. Its engine house was the first to be built without a stable and manure pit.
Caption: Fire Department information and images . . . — — Map (db m112658) HM
Images Courtesy Of: Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division • DC Public Library, Washingtoniana Division • Heurich House Museum • Women's National Democratic Club Archives • Michael Cianciosi Private Collection, Potomac Bottle . . . — — Map (db m110851) HM
From 1890 to 1910, some of the nation’s finest architects built mansions at or near Dupont Circle in Queen Anne, Richardsonian Romanesque, Italian Renaissance or Colonial Revival style.
Wealthy couples living elsewhere built most of the . . . — — Map (db m89393) HM
Leonard A. Grimes, a Black man born free in Leesburg, Virginia, owned a residence on this corner from 1836 to 1846.
In the 1830s, he owned a successful coach business transporting passengers in and around Washington. He also carried slaves . . . — — Map (db m46970) HM
What is seen, and sometimes not seen, on the landscape informs the process of understanding history and historic preservation. If you look up and around, what do you see?
In 1804, Dumbarton House sat on an urban farm owned by Joseph Nourse . . . — — Map (db m189266) HM
You are standing in the heart of a once thriving African American community. At the time of the American Revolution in 1776, one third of Georgetown's population was African American. By the time of the Civil War in the 1860s, many former slaves . . . — — Map (db m110018) HM
Mt. Zion Cemetery
(Old Methodist Burial Ground)
1809 - 1950s
Female Union Band Society
1842 - 1950s
have been listed in the
National Register of Historic Places
United States Department of the . . . — — Map (db m189267) HM
The house at #4 Logan Circle, built in 1878, was the 1880's home of Senator John A. Logan. In the Civil War, Logan's military valor helped to save the Union. In the postwar era, Logan lived here as a political leader deeply committed to achieving . . . — — Map (db m153985) HM
The house at #4 Logan Circle, built in 1878, was the 1880's home of Senator John A. Logan. In the Civil War, Logan's military valor helped to save the Union. In the postwar era, Logan lived here as a political leader deeply committed to achieving . . . — — Map (db m195513) HM
The wooden chapel here was completed in 1857 as a mission of the McKendree Methodist Church. Known as Fletcher Chapel, it may have been a stop on the Underground Railroad.
Washington's Anti-Saloon League began meeting at Fletcher Chapel . . . — — Map (db m130898) HM
Second Baptist Church was organized in 1848 by seven members of the Nineteenth Street Baptist Church. Under the leadership of the Reverend Sandy Alexander — eventually one of the country's best-known black Baptist ministers — the church . . . — — Map (db m152617) HM
Designated a D.C. Landmark in 1960, the Rest (pictured here) is Tenleytown's oldest residence (built around 1800) and is located at the corner of Windom Place and 39th Street. Local legend maintains that the bricks for the house were brought over . . . — — Map (db m112187) HM
President Lincoln and his family lived in this country home for over a quarter of his presidency. Escorted by his cavalry guard, Lincoln rode to the White House every morning either on horseback or by carriage, and returned here each evening to . . . — — Map (db m52838) HM
To your right at the end of Indiana Avenue is Washington's first City Hall/Courthouse. Across Sixth Street is the H. Carl Moultrie I Courthouse, a successor to the original courthouse. The Old City Hall/Courthouse opened in 1822, with . . . — — Map (db m56124) HM
A Famed orator and writer Frederick Douglass was also a key architect of the movement that ended slavery, the very institution into which he was born. Even after his goal to abolish slavery was achieved, Douglass persisted in his struggle for . . . — — Map (db m92084) HM
Harriet Tubman escaped a life of slavery only to return south, at her own peril, time and again, to lead more than 300 fugitive slaves through the Underground Railroad to safety and freedom. After the Civil War, Tubman raised money to clothe and . . . — — Map (db m91877) HM
Julia Ward Howe (1819-1910) was a poet, author, composer, abolitionist, suffragist and more—but she is most remembered for writing the lyrics to The Battle Hymn of the Republic. According to the story, she and her husband were asleep at the . . . — — Map (db m141266) HM
"...in view from the windows of the Capitol, a sort of negro-livery stable, where droves of negroes were collected, temporarily kept, and finally taken to Southern markets …had been openly maintained for fifty years." Abraham Lincoln (1846) . . . — — Map (db m129921) HM
Before the Civil War, Washington was a slave-holding city. But many of its citizens–especially free blacks and abolitionists–assisted freedom seekers at locations known as stops on the Underground Railroad.
The largest . . . — — Map (db m112455) HM
In 1848, in the largest recorded escape attempt by slaves in US history, 77 men, women, and children attempted to flee on the 65-foot schooner Pearl, but were recaptured due to opposing winds. — — Map (db m112420) HM
In April 1848, the largest slave escape attempt on record in the Unites States took place at the Southwest Waterfront. Seventy-seven men, women, and children boarded the schooner Pearl to sail to freedom, but were ultimately recaptured. The . . . — — Map (db m110136) HM
Welcome to the Reading Grove
This space provides a place to meet, rest, read, and reflect. Live oaks have long harbored gatherings, from religious services and classes to community celebrations.
Trees that were . . . — — Map (db m143315) HM
Building the Nation
The use of live oaks played a critical role in helping the nation grow from a colony to what it became—the United States of America. Ships were an essential means of transportation for moving people and products, and . . . — — Map (db m143312) HM
Mary Ann Shadd Cary House
Has been designated a
National Historic Landmark
This site possesses national significance
In commemorating the history of the
United States of America.
An African American renaissance woman, . . . — — Map (db m182687) HM
When the lists of African American “firsts” are read, Mary Ann Shadd Cary’s name is everywhere. Born in Delaware to a free Black abolitionist family, Cary (1823-1893) moved to Canada in 1850 and ran a racially integrated school. Her anti-slavery . . . — — Map (db m61813) HM
Police Call Boxes such as this one (originally painted blue) were installed in the District after the Civil War. Officers on foot patrol used this secure telegraph system to contact the station, accessing the box with a now highly collectible . . . — — Map (db m129486) HM
Moses Elias Levy (1782-1854), a Moroccan born Jewish merchant, came to Florida after its cession from Spain to the United States in 1821. Before his arrival, Levy acquired over 50,000 acres in East Florida. In 1822, Levy began development on . . . — — Map (db m93854) HM
In the early 1820's, enslaved Africans, runaways, and "Black Seminoles" seeking freedom from slave catchers and plantation masters, secretly worked their way down to CAPE FLORIDA. They met with bold captains of sloops from the British Bahamas who . . . — — Map (db m79723) HM
Great Seal of the State of Florida:"In God We Trust"
On the shore of Robinson Creek, ¼ mile east of this marker, was the site of a Spanish mission for Indians left homeless during Queen Anne's War. Since 1688, Negro slaves . . . — — Map (db m126969) HM WM
St. Augustine’s most famous garage building began its life long before the automobile age. The crack running down the east wall from top to bottom shows the original length of the structure, before it was enlarged in the 1920s for automobile and . . . — — Map (db m154602) HM
On April 13, 1862, following the Union capture of Ft. Pulaski during the Civil War, Maj. Gen. David Hunter issued General Orders No. 7 freeing those enslaved at the fort and on Cockspur Island. Hunter, an abolitionist advocating the enlistment of . . . — — Map (db m13830) HM
Three hundred and fifty-seven enslaved Africans—men, women, and children—spent much or all of their lives in forced labor on this land that once belonged to James McGilvery Troup.Upon his death in 1849, these enslaved . . . — — Map (db m191399) HM
James Osgood Andrew was born in Wilkes County, Georgia, on May 5, 1794, about 400 yards N.E. of this marker, the son of Rev. John Andrew and Mary Cosby Andrew. He was licensed to preach in the Ellam Methodist Episcopal Church, Broad River Circuit, . . . — — Map (db m17257) HM
Lincoln: ". . . I have no purpose directly or indirectly to interfere with the institution of slavery in the states where it exists. I believe I have no lawful right to do so. And I have no inclination to do so."
Douglas: ". . . Mr. . . . — — Map (db m156831) HM
On an August night in 1842, Dr. Richard Eells, an active Quincy Abolitionist in the 1830-40's, was transporting a runaway slave named Charley to a safer location when his carriage was stopped near this spot by a posse searching for Charley. . . . — — Map (db m156857) HM
"I regard (Richardson) as one of the truest men that ever lived; he 'sticks to judge Douglas through thick and thin" (A. Lincoln, 1860). Douglas composed the 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act. William A. Richardson, another Quincyan and Douglas' . . . — — Map (db m58760) HM
Lincoln: We oppose the Dred Scott Decision, . . . because we think that it lays the foundation not merely of enlarging and spreading that evil [slavery] but that it lays the foundation of spreading that evil into the states themselves . . . . . . — — Map (db m156830) HM
On November 1, 1854 an incensed Lincoln attacked the immorality of slavery in a speech at Kendall Hall. Lincoln was awakened from a five-bear political slumber by Douglas's Kansas-Nebraska Act, attacking it in a series of speeches in . . . — — Map (db m149831) HM
Lincoln: ". . . reduced to its lowest element, slavery is no other than that between the man that thinks slavery is wrong and those who do not think it wrong. . . . We think it is a moral, a social, and a political wrong. . . . [Douglas] has, . . . — — Map (db m156822) HM
Douglas: "Let each state mind its own business, and let its neighbors alone - then there will be no trouble on this question. . . . If we will stand by that great principle, then Mr. Lincoln will find that this Republic can exist forever . . . — — Map (db m156824) HM
Lincoln: ". . . there is no reason in the world why the Negro is not entitled to all the natural rights enumerated in the Declaration of Independence . . . . I hold that . . . in the right to eat the bread . . . which his own hand earns he is . . . — — Map (db m156821) HM
"Who shall say, I am the superior, and you are the inferior?" asked Lincoln in July 1858. The Lincoln-Douglas Debates focused on slavery. During the October 13th Quincy debate Lincoln affirmed: "...in the right to eat the bread . . . — — Map (db m58798) HM
Lincoln: "We also oppose [slavery] as an evil so far as it seeks to spread itself. We insist upon a policy that shall restrict it to its present limits. We do not suppose on doing this that we infringe upon the Constitution. . . . . . — — Map (db m156828) HM
Illinois Confederacy Indians roamed this prairie land, rich in game, which became Illinois County of Virginia. Ceded in 1784 to the United States it was successively included in the Northwest, Indiana; and in 1809, Illinois Territory. Formed in . . . — — Map (db m34169) HM
This two-story frame structure was the home of abolitionist Owen Lovejoy, who was born in Maine in 1811. Lovejoy moved into the house in 1838, when he became a Congregationalist minister. He was leader in the formation of the Republican Party in . . . — — Map (db m44351) HM
The First Congregational Church, built in 1855-56, was popularly known as the “Goose Pond” Church, because the site was once a water-filled area, home to flocks of wild geese and ducks. The church became a meeting center for numerous . . . — — Map (db m31118) HM
On September 18, 1858, Springfield attorney and former U.S. Congressman Abraham Lincoln debated U.S. Senator Stephen A. Douglas at the Coles County Fairgrounds during the senatorial campaign of that year. The Charleston debate was the fourth of . . . — — Map (db m184632) HM
This was the home of Dr. Hiram Rutherford, who was involved in 1847 in a case in which Abraham Lincoln represented a slaveholder. Rutherford and Gideon Ashmore harbored a family of slaves who had sought their help. The slaves belonged to Robert . . . — — Map (db m30877) HM
Dr. Hiram Rutherford was a key person involved in Abraham Lincoln’s famous slave case, the only instance in his career where Lincoln represented the rights of a slave owner. Robert Matson brought slaves from Kentucky to work his . . . — — Map (db m30867) HM
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