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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Historical Markers in Northern District

 
Gateway to Paradise Marker image, Touch for more information
By Dale K. Benington, April 7, 2019
Gateway to Paradise Marker
Israel, Northern District, Beit She'an — Gateway to Paradise
English Text: The summer months pulsate with heat in the Bet-She'an Valley. At its heart, in the ancient city of Bet-She'an, were discovered the remains of bathhouses, fountains, and ornamental pools - echoes of a past rich in water . . . — Map (db m141501) HM
Israel, Northern District, Beit She'an — Monument / Nymphaeum / Temple
English Text: Monument The purpose of this lavish structure is uncertain; it may have served as a central monument. Together with the surrounding buildings, it collapsed in the earthquake of 749 C.E. Nymphaeum Splendid . . . — Map (db m141528) HM
Israel, Northern District, Beit She'an — The Last Days of Scythopolis
English Text: Roman Bet-She'an, known as Nyssa Scythopolis, became Christian, reaching its golden age in the 6th century C.E. In the 7th century, Muslims settled in the city, once again changing its character. One day in the year 749, an . . . — Map (db m141502) HM
Israel, Northern District, Beit She'an — The Splendor of the City
English Text: In the Roman period, during the 2nd century C.E., the monumental center of Bet-She'an was built into the valley at the foot of the tell. Roman style and workmanship were applied in constructing public buildings, which were . . . — Map (db m141513) HM
Israel, Northern District, Migdal — Discoveries at Magdala — Magdala is a place of many treasures
English Text: The Magdala stone: A three-dimensional model of the Temple on which the holy scrolls were placed, was found inside the synagogue. Four miqva'ot: Purification baths fed by underground water sources are unique compared . . . — Map (db m140979) HM
Israel, Northern District, Migdal — Domestic Housing Area
The architecture of this area allows us to distinguish two streets that separate three structures following the same symmetric layout as the rooms located west. They are constructed from local materials: the walls are made of roughly hewn basalt . . . — Map (db m140515) HM
Israel, Northern District, Migdal — History of Magdala — c. 200 BC / c. 20-60 AD / 67 AD / c. 100 AD / c. 200 AD
English Text: c. 200 BC Magdala is established, likely through Hasmonean influence (Jewish families), during the Hellenistic period. c. 20-60 AD Magdala develops from a small village into a prosperous city known for fish . . . — Map (db m140983) HM
Israel, Northern District, Migdal — History of Magdala — c. 1500 AD / 1885-1910 AD / 1948 AD / 2006-2009 AD
English Text: c. 1500 AD Between the earthquake of 363 and the crusader period, the southern part of Magdala witnesses a progressive decrease and multiple variations. It eventually becomes a small Arab village during Mamluk and . . . — Map (db m141302) HM
Israel, Northern District, Migdal — House of Miqwa'ot
This ritual space stands out due to its mosaic floor that is made of thousands of colored tesserae. A white background, framed by a black meander pattern surrounded by an orange rectangle, emphasizes the image of a rosette in the central panel, . . . — Map (db m140534) HM
Israel, Northern District, Migdal — House of Miqwa'ot
The main axis of this complex is a north-south street that divides two buildings. There are two types of contexts here: housing units in the southern area are constructed simply with blocks of basalt stone and limestone walls. To the east ands west . . . — Map (db m140857) HM
Israel, Northern District, Migdal — House of Miqwa'ot
The building has peculiar architectural elements, and the existence of groundwater was key for locating the miqwa'ot. The analysis of the architectural plan and the building system suggests that this ritual space on the outside had similar . . . — Map (db m140867) HM
Israel, Northern District, Migdal — House of Miqwa'ot
The Jewish communities of Israel in the Second Temple period used unique water installations called miqwa'ot, which enabled them to maintain ritual purity. According to the Halakhah (Jewish law), religious people should immerse into . . . — Map (db m140973) HM
Israel, Northern District, Migdal — Magdala's Hall of Fame — Famous feet walked these shores
English Texts: Magdala was the hometown of Mary Magdalene - one of Jesus' most faithful followers. Luke 4:15, Matthew 4:23; 9:35; Mark 1:39 "Jesus went throughout all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the good . . . — Map (db m140982) HM
Israel, Northern District, Migdal — Market
The architectural features of this area denote a public building identified with commercial activities. A North - South street leads to the synagogue and provides the only access to spaces with an additional eastern access to another structures. . . . — Map (db m141363) HM
Israel, Northern District, Nazareth — Architectural Elements of the Church-Synagogue
The stones exhumed form the fill beneath the mosaic floors of the Byzantine building (IV-V century) can be classified: (1) bases, more or less preserved, often having traces of plaster; (2) imposts of a double-arch with a beautifully worked cornice; . . . — Map (db m139218) HM
Israel, Northern District, Nazareth — Basilica of the Annunciation
“And the Word became flesh” Historians tell that the Grotto and its surroundings, being the site of the Annunciation were turned into a worship place in the 1st and 2nd Century. -Early sources referred to the place as being . . . — Map (db m44298) HM
Israel, Northern District, Nazareth — Byzantine Mosaics
The most important mosaic floors are found inside the Basilica in the area in front of the Holy Grotto. Those shown here come from the monastery on the south side of the Byzantine Church. They had the value of "sealed levels" having preserved some . . . — Map (db m139256) HM
Israel, Northern District, Nazareth — Mount of Precipice — The Leaping Mountain
Rising above the southern part of the Nazareth Mountain Mt. of Precipice (397 meters) Look out over Nazareth, Mt. Tabor and The Yizrael Valley at its foot. Mt. of Precipice is also known as "The Leaping Mountain" - according to old . . . — Map (db m65395) HM
Israel, Northern District, Nazareth — The Ancient Village of Nazareth
What is left of the ancient village consist of a network of grottoes and bits of walls form various historical periods. Going backwards in time we found first the remains of the XVII century Franciscan monastery, then the palace of the crusader . . . — Map (db m65462) HM
Israel, Northern District, Nazareth — The Church of St. Joseph — [Sanctuario di Nazareth]
[Text in Hebrew …] [Text in Arabic…] This church was built in 1914 on the site of an earlier 12th century church. -The caves, granaries and wells in the lower level were used by the early dwellers of Nazareth. Later, . . . — Map (db m44353) HM
Israel, Northern District, Tiberias — "Magic on the sea of galilee..."
Tiberias the capital of the Galilee, one of the four Holy Cities of Israel Which was built by Antipas in the year 17-20, C.E. Antipas named the city Tiberias in honor of the Roman Ceasar, Tiberius. The institution of Jewish Leadership, the Sanhedrin . . . — Map (db m65327) HM
Israel, Northern District, Tiberias — Domestic Building
This building was part of Tiberias' northern quarter between the 6th and 11th centuries CE. The quarter occupied by Jews and the synagogue stood in its center. This building has three rooms and a courtyard with a well. — Map (db m65359) HM
Israel, Northern District, Tiberias — Doors of Burial Caves / Burial Customs - Sarcophagi
[Text at the top of the marker]: Doors of Burial Caves Burial caves were frequently sealed by stone doors in order to prevent bad smells and looting. In 2nd-3rd centuries CE Tiberias, basalt doors were used in mausolea and decorated . . . — Map (db m65341) HM
Israel, Northern District, Tiberias — The Architecture of Tiberias
The Architecture of Tiberias The columns, bases, cornices and capitals attest to the superb architecture of the public buildings in Tiberias. These were built according to the 2nd-3rd centuries CE Roman Imperial tradition. The . . . — Map (db m65352) HM
Israel, Northern District, Tiberias — The Crusader-Ottoman Building / Millstones
[Text at the top of the marker]: The Crusader-Ottoman Building This was built in the 12th century CE and remained in use until the Ottoman period. The hall has typical pointed vaults and embrasures in the walls, with remains of . . . — Map (db m65331) HM
Israel, Northern District, Tiberias — The Southern Wall
The wall was erected by the Beduin Governor of the Tiberias Region, Daher El-Omer, in the 18th century on the basis of the ruins of an earlier wall built by the Crusaders. The wall was destroyed in the 1837 earthquake and since then only . . . — Map (db m65326) HM
Israel, Northern District, Tiberias — The Synagogue
This is one of the thirteen synagogues existed in Tiberias according to the Talmud. It was a square building divided by two rows of columns. One of the mosaics bears a dedication inscription decorated with Jewish symbols: Lulav and Etrog. The . . . — Map (db m65333) HM
Israel, Northern District, Tsipori — The Citadel
The Citadel (perhaps a watch tower) was built during the crusader period on foundations from an earlier period. Some of the cornerstones are rubble-filled Roman sarcophagi. In the 18th Century the building was renovated by Dahr El-Omar, the . . . — Map (db m65412) HM
Israel, Northern District, Tsipori — The Theater
The Roman theater was built in the late first or early second century C.E. Carved into the bedrock on the steep northern slope of the hill. It's diameter is 72 m., and it seated 4000. The rows of seats constructed on the hewn bedrock were robbed . . . — Map (db m65405) HM
Israel, Northern District (Golan Regional Council), Had Nes — A Bit Hilani Type Palace — Tel Beit Tsaida — Bethsaida —
English Text: This spacious palace faced a paved courtyard that led to the city gate. Its wide entrance opened into a vestibule and it had a throne hall surrounded by eight service chambers. This palace is of Neo-Hittite . . . — Map (db m139345) HM
Israel, Northern District (Golan Regional Council), Had Nes — Ancient Road — Tel Beit Tsaida — Bethsaida —
English Text: This is the ancient road leading to the city gate. The road was paved during the 10th century B.C.E. and was in use until the 3rd century C.E. It was paved on a series of terraces seen in the slope. Farther ahead . . . — Map (db m139308) HM
Israel, Northern District (Golan Regional Council), Had Nes — Inner City Gate — Tel Beit Tsaida — Bethsaida —
English Text: The inner city gate includes four chambers, two on each side. In this chamber vessels for offerings at the high places were kept. The other three chambers served as granaries. The city gate was destroyed by the . . . — Map (db m139336) HM
Israel, Northern District (Golan Regional Council), Had Nes — Outer City Gate — Tel Beit Tsaida — Bethsaida —
English Text: The outer city gate was part of the heavy fortification that protected the city. It included an inner city gate and four solid towers. Between the two gates was a spacious paved courtyard. The gate of Bethsaida . . . — Map (db m139317) HM
Israel, Northern District (Golan Regional Council), Had Nes — Sacrificial High Place — Tel Beit Tsaida — Bethsaida —
English Text: The inhabitants of the kingdom of Geshur were Aramaens and the high places and ritual objects reflect their religion. On the sacrificial high place were found fragments of basins, horned altars, and an incised . . . — Map (db m139343) HM
Israel, Northern District (Golan Regional Council), Had Nes — Street — Tel Beit Tsaida — Bethsaida —
Whenever he went, to village or town or farm, they laid the sick in the streets and begged him to let them simply touch the edge of his cloak; and all who touched him were healed. Mark 6:56Map (db m139383) HM
Israel, Northern District (Golan Regional Council), Had Nes — The Fisherman House — Tel Beit Tsaida — Bethsaida —
Jesus was walking by the Sea of Galilee when he saw Simon and his brother Andrew at work with casting-nets in the lake; for they were fishermen. Jesus said to them, 'Come follow me, and I will make you fishers of men.' At once they left . . . — Map (db m139366) HM
Israel, Northern District (Golan Regional Council), Had Nes — The Winegrower House — Tel Beit Tsaida — Bethsaida —
English Text: Wine is like life to men, if you drink it in moderation. What is life to a man who is without wine? It has been created to make men glad. Sirach 31:27Map (db m139374) HM
Israel, Northern District (Golan Regional Council), Ramot — Baptistery — Kursi —
English Text: In the time of the most God - beloved Stephanos the priest and abbot was made the mosaic of the Photisterion in the month of December fourth indiction in the time of the pious and Christ - beloved our King Mauricius . . . — Map (db m139423) HM
Israel, Northern District (Golan Regional Council), Ramot — Kursi
Kursi, east of the Sea of Galilee, is identified with Gergessa, or with "the Land of the Gardarenes," of the New testament, where the miracle of the swine took place. (Luke 8:26-39) There were three main periods of settlement at Kursi: . . . — Map (db m139392) HM
Israel, Northern District (Golan Regional Council), Tel Beit Tsaida — The Courtyard — Tel Beit Tsaida — Bethsaida —
English Text: This is the heart of the ancient town. Here the public activities of the city took place. It was the center of commercial, juridicial, and religious life. "Now David was sitting between the two gates, and . . . — Map (db m139327) HM
Israel, Northern District (Kineret), Beit Yerah — Yardenit — The Baptismal Site on the Jordan River — Close to where Jesus was baptised —
According to the Gospel of John, scripture indicates that Jesus was baptized very close to this part of the “Jordan River”. Of the four Gospel writers, John was the only one present when Jesus was baptised by John the Baptist. In . . . — Map (db m44228) HM
Israel, Northern District (Kineret), Capharnaum — Capharnaum
Capharnaum the town of Jesus He left Nazareth and went to live in Capharnaum by the sea (Gospel of Matthew 4:13). He entered a boat, made a crossing, and came into his own town (Gospel of Matthew 9:1). The House of Simon Peter On . . . — Map (db m44108) HM
Israel, Northern District (Kineret), Capharnaum — The Synagogue of Capharnaum
The synagogue is made up of four units, namely the prayer hall, the eastern courtyard, the southern porch, and a side-room near the northwestern corner of the prayer hall. The prayer hall, with the faηade toward Jerusalem, is rectangular in . . . — Map (db m44055) HM
Israel, Northern District (Kineret), Tabgha — Church of Heptapegon — The Seven Springs
History 28–350 AD The Judeo-Christians of Capharnaum venerated a large rock upon which Jesus is said to have laid the bread and fish before he fed the five thousand (Mk 6:30-44) ca. 350 AD Used as an altar, the rock . . . — Map (db m44034) HM
Israel, Northern District (Lower Galilee Regional Council), Arbel — Arbel Ancient Synagogue / — Beautiful ruins of an ancient synagogue from the 4th century BCE. — בית הכנסת העתיק —
The synagogue was discovered in 1905 by H. Kohl and C. Waltzinger.

It is a square building belonging to the Galilean type of synagogue with a number of special components:

• The main entrance in the eastern wall. • The niche for holy . . . — Map (db m126103) HM

Israel, Northern District (Lower Galilee Regional Council), Givat Avni — Qarne Hittin National Park
Qarne Hittin is the crater of an ancient volcano that was active 4.3 million years ago. On the north and the south sides of the crater are the mountain's two "horns", which gave rise to the Hebrew name Qarne Hittin meaning "horns of wheat."

On . . . — Map (db m137054) HM

Israel, Northern District (Mevo'ot HaHermon Regional Council), Capernaum — Capharnaum
Capharnaum is located on the northwest shore of the Sea of Galilee, 16 kilometers northeast of modern Tiberias, 3 kilometers northeast of ancient Heptapegon (modern Tabgha), and 5 kilometers southwest of the upper Jordan River. The original Semitic . . . — Map (db m139434) HM
Israel, Northern District (Mevo'ot HaHermon Regional Council), Capharnaum — The Synagogue of Jesus
The Late Fourth Century A.D. "White Synagogue" Built Upon the Remains of the "Synagogue of Jesus"Map (db m64091) HM
Israel, Northern District (Mevo'ot HaHermon Regional Council), Chorazim — Chorazin in Christian Sources
English Text: "Corazin, a village in the Galilee, cursed by the Messiah, lies in ruins today." [Eusebius, a 4th century church patriarch] Jesus and his disciples preached and taught along the shores of Lake . . . — Map (db m140122) HM
Israel, Northern District (Mevo'ot HaHermon Regional Council), Chorazim — Chorazin's Synagogue
English Text: Chorazin's synagogue was built of hard, dark basalt stones, difficult to carve and engrave. Despite this, the builders and artists managed to carve hundreds of ornamental designs and architectural elements, geometric . . . — Map (db m140113) HM
Israel, Northern District (Mevo'ot HaHermon Regional Council), Chorazim — Conch
English Text: A decorated conch which flanked the Ark of the law. — Map (db m140475) HM
Israel, Northern District (Mevo'ot HaHermon Regional Council), Chorazim — Decorated Column
English Text: A decorated column, part of the Ark of the Law. — Map (db m140479) HM
Israel, Northern District (Mevo'ot HaHermon Regional Council), Chorazim — Medusa
English Text: In Greek mythology, Medusa was one of the three Gorgons. Whoever dared to look her in the face was instantly turned to stone. Perseus (averting his eyes) succeeded in killing her and the winged horse Pegasus was born from . . . — Map (db m140103) HM
Israel, Northern District (Mevo'ot HaHermon Regional Council), Chorazim — Seat of Moses
English Text: "Seat (Cathedra) of Moses" One of the important finds in the Chorazin synagogue is a decorated basalt chair with an Aramaic inscription which mentions Yudan, son of Yishmael, who donated of his wealth to the building of . . . — Map (db m140472) HM
Israel, Northern District (Mevo'ot HaHermon Regional Council), Chorazim — The Synagogue
English text: Chorazin's ancient synagogue was first excavated in 1905-1907 by a German expedition headed by H. Kohl and C. Watzinger, and in the 1920s and in 1939 by the Mandatory Department of Antiquities and the Hebrew University of . . . — Map (db m140488) HM
Israel, Northern District (Misgav Council), Yodfat — Ancient Yodfat
על גבעה זו שכנה בתקופת הבית השני העיירה . . . — Map (db m132004) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Ayelet HaShahar — "Solomonic Gate"
English Text: Dated to the 10th century BCE, this gate has six chambers and two towers. Similar gates have been uncovered at Megiddo and Gezer. A summary of King Solomon's activities indeed indicates that the king built Hazor, Megiddo . . . — Map (db m141365) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Ayelet HaShahar — Canaanite Temple
English Text: The southern temple was in use from the Middle Bronze Age until the Late Bronze Age (17th-14th centuries BCE). The temple was originally a prominent structure, with wide, well-constructed walls, and its three strata of . . . — Map (db m141372) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Ayelet HaShahar — Canaanite Temple
English Text: Canaanite Temple (c. 15th-14th centuries BCE) — Map (db m141422) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Ayelet HaShahar — Israelite Hazor
English Text: Israelite Hazor, from the 10th century BCE (the time of the United Monarchy), included only the upper city. The area of the Israelite city extended over some 35 dunams, and its inhabitants numbered between 1,000 and 1,500. . . . — Map (db m141415) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Ayelet HaShahar — Palace of the Canaanite Kings of Hazor
English Text: This palace, which served the kings of Hazor during the 14th-13th centuries BCE, is of a ceremonial nature (The administrative palace is to be sought elsewhere on the site). The plan, consisting of a courtyard and a throne . . . — Map (db m141407) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Ayelet HaShahar — Tel Hazor - The Largest Tel in Israel
English Text: The story of Hazor is represented by 21 layers of settlement. The history of Hazor can be divided into two chapters: Canaanite Hazor and Israelite Hazor. Canaanite Hazor You are now in the upper city and . . . — Map (db m141417) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Ayelet HaShahar — Tel Hazor National Park — World Heritage Site — The Biblical Tels - Hazor, Megiddo, Beer Sheba —
English Text: The biblical tels of Hazor, Megiddo, and Beer Sheba were inscribed in 2005 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as World Heritage Sites with outstanding universal value. They are . . . — Map (db m141414) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Ayelet HaShahar — Water System
English Text: Constructed during the reign of King Ahab (the 9th century BCE), it was designed to supply the inhabitants of the city with water in times of siege. A vertical shaft was dug through the earlier occupation layers, at the . . . — Map (db m141421) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Dan — Entrance Gate
English Text: The entrance gate to Dan from the time of the Israelite Kingdom. – Gate chamber – Canopied structure for a king or a judge – Paved, outer piazza for chariots English Text on Marker . . . — Map (db m141428) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Dan — The Abraham Gate
English Text: And when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he led forth his trained men, born in his house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued them as far as Dan. Genesis 14:14 Exterior entry . . . — Map (db m141448) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Dan — The Canaanite Gate — "Gate of the Three Arches"
English text: This gate which was approached on a stepped path, is built of three arches. The arches, the piers supporting them, and the towers flanking the gate are constructed of sun-baked bricks and were covered with white plaster. . . . — Map (db m141441) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Snir — The Court of Nemesis
English Text: Nemesis was the goddess of vengeance and Roman imperial justice. Her long and narrow court was built in 178 CE in front of a great niche in which her statue was placed. A Greek inscription above the niche mentions the names . . . — Map (db m64781) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Snir — The Court of Pan & the Nymphs
English Text: The stepped and paved courtyard on which you are standing was built in the mid-first century CE. An artificial cave was quarried in the cliff-face opposite the courtyard, and there the statue of Pan was placed. Pagan . . . — Map (db m64754) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Snir — The Grotto of the God Pan — מערת האל פאן
English Text: The cave is the nucleus beside which the sacred sanctuary was built. In this "abode of the shepherd god," pagan cult began as early as the 3rd century BCE. The ritual sacrifices were cast into a natural abyss reaching the . . . — Map (db m64738) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Snir — The Sanctuary of Pan
English Text: The conquests of Alexander the Great (3rd c. BCE) brought the Greeks to the East, and to Banyas. The Greeks were taken by the natural beauty of the site, touched particularly by the cave in which the springs welled. It is . . . — Map (db m64764) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Snir — The Temple of Augustus — מקד ש אוגוסטוס
English Text: Built in 19 BCE, during the reign of Herod the Great, in honor of the Roman Emperor Augustus. The coin at the top of this text, shows the facade of the temple. In front of you is the western wall of the hall with . . . — Map (db m65177) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Snir — The Temple of Pan and The Dancing Goats
English Text: This structure was built around 220 CE. Only parts of this temple survived. Among them are the north wall, part of a semicircular hall (apse), and a semicircular niche behind it. This same structure is depicted on the . . . — Map (db m141468) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Snir — The Temple of Zeus
English Text: Built around 96 CE in the days of Emperor Trajan, for the city's 100th anniversary. A marble inscription found at the site implies that it was a temple for Pan and for Zeus of Heliopolis (the city of Ba'albek). Only the . . . — Map (db m64768) HM
Israel, Northern District (Upper Galilee Regional Council), Snir — The Tomb Temple of the Sacred Goats
English Text: This building was erected around 220 CE, in the days of Emperor Elagabalos. The bones of goats that took part in the rituals were buried in the rectangular niches in the main hall, together with offerings of pottery, glass . . . — Map (db m141458) HM

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May. 28, 2020