“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Escambia County Florida Historical Markers

Cantonment Marker image, Touch for more information
By Tim Fillmon, May 8, 2018
Cantonment Marker
Florida (Escambia County), Cantonment — Cantonment
Cantonment, site of encampments of General Jackson's troops, 1814 on punitive expedition against Spanish in Florida; 1821, while awaiting transfer of Florida to him as provisional governor, July 21, 1821. Grant to Don Manuel Gonzalez, was a . . . — Map (db m97106) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Cantonment — Vacaria Baja
Home and ranch of Don Manuel Gonzalez was one-half mile east. Consisted of 1600 arpents conceded by Spanish Governor, José Masot, Dec. 22, 1817. On route of Andrew Jackson 1814, 1818 and in 1821, when General and Mrs. Jackson spent three weeks . . . — Map (db m117242) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Century — F-988 — Alger-Sullivan Lumber Company Residential Historic District
In 1901, one of the largest and most advanced southern pine sawmills east of the Mississippi River was built here. In the tradition of the era, the Alger-Sullivan Lumber Company built its own town to house and supply the families of mill workers. By . . . — Map (db m120557) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Century — F-157 — Century, Florida / Alger Railroad
Century, Florida Founded in 1900 to house mill employees of the Alger-Sullivan Lumber Company, formed in 1900 by General Russell A. Alger - Governor of Michigan, U.S. Senator, and President McKinley's Secretary of War - and by Martin H. . . . — Map (db m102557) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Naval Air Station Pensacola — The Cradle of Naval Aviation
The Cradle of Naval Aviation Over the course of 100 years, NAS Pensacola has played a part in the training of thousands of personnel, regardless of rank or aviation community, to pursue careers in Naval Aviation and earn coveted “Navy . . . — Map (db m102715) HM WM
Florida (Escambia County), Naval Air Station Pensacola — The National Flight Academy
“A dramatic multi-day immersive experience in the Magic of Flight” The National Flight Academy is a series of immersive aviation-inspired learning programs using serious games to engage students in Science, Technology, Engineering and . . . — Map (db m102792) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Naval Air Station Pensacola — USS Antietam (CV-36) Anchor
Weighing 30,057 lb. with an overall height of 15 feet, this anchor was aboard the aircraft carrier Antietam (CV-36) from her commissioning in 1945 before she was sold for scrap in 1973. During a single combat deployment in Korea from . . . — Map (db m102713) HM WM
Florida (Escambia County), Naval Air Station Pensacola — USS Essex (CV-9) Anchor
Stamped with its weight of 30,210 lb., this anchor was manufactured at the Norfolk Navy Yard in 1942 and installed on the aircraft carrier Essex (CV-9), which was commissioned the same year. This anchor was aboard the carrier until her . . . — Map (db m103263) HM WM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — I — "Gloucester of the Gulf" — Pensacola Maritime Heritage Trail —
Pensacola became a center for commercial fishing by the 1870s. The industry's primary export was red snapper (Lutjanus campechanus). Pensacola's fish houses, including E.E. Saunders & Co. on the Palafox Street wharf and the Warren Fish . . . — Map (db m130815) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — H — A History Shaped by Hurricanes — Pensacola Maritime Heritage Trail —
Pensacola's residents have endured more than 450 years of destructive hurricanes. The first historically recorded hurricane overwhelmed Don Tristán de Luna's 1559 colonization attempt, destroying most of the ships in his fleet. In 1752, another . . . — Map (db m130814) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F — A New Territory for the U.S. — Pensacola Maritime Heritage Trail —
The success of the American Revolution spurred population growth and movement in the early 19th century. While many Americans moved west to claim new land, some looked south to Spanish West Florida. The flood of new settlers and increased pressure . . . — Map (db m130794) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — 33 — A Port with PromiseFlorida De Soto Trail — December 28, 1539 —
(Left panel) De Soto Trail 1539-1540 You are standing along the historic route of the conquistador Hernando de Soto and his expedition through the Florida Native American territories in his quest for gold and glory. . . . — Map (db m126595) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — J — Archaeology in a Maritime Community — Pensacola Maritime Heritage Trail —
Pensacola Bay has been a valuable resource for populations from prehistoric to modern times. The relationship between these people and their environment is often reflected in archaeological sites submerged beneath local waters. In addition to many . . . — Map (db m130819) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Battery Langdon1917-1947 — Fort Pickens —
Langdon was first built as two open firing platforms. During World War II, Langdon’s 12-inch rifles were roofed with 17-foot thick concrete casemates. But amphibious and missile warfare made harbor defense guns obsolete. — Map (db m61950) WM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Battle of PensacolaMarch 9 to May 8, 1781
On March 9, 1781, Spanish General Bernardo de Galvez, with a fleet of some 30 ships, arrived opposite Pensacola Bay and within a day took Santa Rosa Island. On March 18, Galvez, in his ship Galveztown, sailed under the cannon of the Royal Navy . . . — Map (db m72252) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-1036 — Boysen-Perry House
In 1867, this house was built for Danish sea captain Charles F. Boysen. It was constructed using materials from wrecked buildings along Palafox Street and featured a cupola so that Boysen could see the bay. The 1870 census listed Boysen as the . . . — Map (db m146031) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-428 — Brownsville Community
In 1908, shortly after the extension of the trolley line west from Pensacola, Lucius Screven Brown (1874-1963) developed housing on seven blocks bounded by what is now Pace Boulevard, Strong Street, “W” Street and Gadsden Street. Brown’s . . . — Map (db m110450) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Chase Street
Col. William H. Chase, Construction Engineer, Pensacola Harbor defenses (Forts McRee, Barrancas, Redoubt, Pickens 1828-54). Captured Navy Yard for Florida Forces, January 12, 1861. Ordered to West Point 1856, resigned Commission to become President . . . — Map (db m72254) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Christ Church
From 1763-1783 the Bishop of London licensed priests to administer here. The Parish was organized in 1827. Chartered by Florida's Territorial Council in 1829. The Rev. Addison Searle was the first rector. During the . . . — Map (db m72274) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-100 — Christ Church
Erected in 1832, this is the oldest church building in Florida still standing on its original site. Tradition ascribes the design of this Episcopal Church to Sir Christopher Wren. Constructed of locally made brick, it was used by Federal forces . . . — Map (db m147171) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-445 — Christ Episcopal Church
Christ Church, founded in 1827, was incorporated by the Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida in 1829. The first church, constructed in 1832, still stands on Seville Square. Later, Chicago architect John Sutcliffe and Pensacola contractor . . . — Map (db m72243) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-762 — Church of the Sacred Heart
The Church of the Sacred Heart was constructed in 1905. The Right Reverend Edward Allen, Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Mobile, which at the time encompassed Pensacola, appointed the pastor of Pensacola’s St. Michael’s Church, Father Robert . . . — Map (db m110476) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Colonial Pensacola - Archaeology Brings History to Life
From 1754 until 1821, a succession of Spanish and British forts were constructed in this area of Pensacola. You are standing at the west end of the forts. They extended nearly 200 yards eastward. The Spanish, then the British, and again the Spanish . . . — Map (db m80168) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Daniel Sullivan
Daniel F. Sullivan and his brother Martin, born in Ireland, arrived in Pensacola after the Civil War. Possessing a remarkable talent for business, the brothers purchased lumber mills and wharfs on Pensacola Bay and vast areas of timberland in . . . — Map (db m80038) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — E — Defending a Coastal Colony — Pensacola Maritime Heritage Trail —
If you flew over Pensacola Bay, you would see that it has many natural forms of protection. Sandy barrier islands defend the narrow entrance into the bay and rolling hills provide excellent vantage points to watch ships arrive. The many colonial . . . — Map (db m130741) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Desiderio Quina
Born in Italy in 1777, Desiderio Quina served the Spanish army in the Louisiana Infantry Regiment. He was later employed in Pensacola as an apothecary for the John Forbes Company where he married Margarita Bobe. His son Desiderio was born in 1817 . . . — Map (db m80044) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Don Manuel Gonzalez
A native of Spain, Don Manuel Gonzalez joined the army at Madrid and was sent to New Orleans. After his discharge he was granted passage through the Choctaw and Creek Nations to Pensacola. At Pensacola, he was a successful cattle rancher. He opened . . . — Map (db m80051) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Dorothy Walton
Born Dorothy Camber, to a British plantation owner at South Carolina, Dorothy married lawyer George Walton at Savannah shortly before the beginning of the American Revolution. George Walton attended the Continental Congress in Philadelphia signing . . . — Map (db m80043) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Ebenezer Dorr
A native of Maine, Ebenezer Dorr spent fourteen months as a prisoner of war in England during the War of 1812. He was captain of his own ship for many years, trading at ports around the world. In about 1827, Dorr moved his family to Escambia County . . . — Map (db m80050) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-871 — Emanuel Point Shipwrecks / Los Naufragios de Emanuel Point
Side 1 Emanuel Point Shipwrecks In August 1559, eleven ships under command of Don Tristan de Luna y Arellano sailed into Pensacola Bay, then called Ochuse, to establish a new colony for Spain. Intended to stake a claim on the . . . — Map (db m102003) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Eugenio Antonio Sierra
A native of Spain, Eugenio Antonio Sierra arrived in Pensacola in the employ of the Spanish royal hospitals in 1785. He was appointed to the post of head practitioner at the Pensacola hospital between 1794 and 1799. In 1811, Dr. Sierra, professor of . . . — Map (db m80049) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-733 — Firefighter Vista S. Lowe
At this site on September 30, 1962, Firefighter Vista Spencer Lowe, age 23, died in the line of duty while responding to a house fire at 409 East Zarragossa Street. Upon arrival at the scene, Firefighter Lowe stepped from the rear tailboard of the . . . — Map (db m72249) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-435 — First Jewish House of Worship in Florida
Jewish families in Pensacola began organized worship following the Civil War. On this site in 1876 a Reform Jewish Synagogue was constructed. The State of Florida granted a charter in 1878 for Congregation Beth El. Temple Beth El joined the Union of . . . — Map (db m134326) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — First Methodist Church
Established as a mission by the Mississippi Methodist Conference December 7, 1821. Rev. Alexander Talley, first pastor. The first, second, and third church buildings located NE corner of Tarragona and Intendencia Streets. Fourth church building . . . — Map (db m72255) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — First Public School Building
This was the site of Public School No. 1, the first building erected for a public school in 1875, occupied until Jan. 1887 when a new No. 1 at Palafox & Jackson Sts. opened. W.E. Anderson was School Board President. Here also Mrs. Anna R. Thompson, . . . — Map (db m129638) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — First Telephone Exchange
On September 1, 1880, Southern Bell Telephone Company established a telephone exchange on this site serving 31 telephones. This was the first exchange in Florida to have exclusive operating rights within a Florida municipality. — Map (db m129639) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Fort George
Site of Fort George - headquarters of British West Florida - Suwannee to the Mississippi. From 1763 until captured by Spanish Gen. Bernardo de Galvez in 1781 and renamed San Miguel. Seized by Andrew Jackson in 1814 and 1818 and delivered to him as . . . — Map (db m72271) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Fort San Bernardo
Site of Fort San Bernardo. Built by Don Bernardo de Galvez, Governor of Spanish Louisiana. From this Fort the Spanish bombarded the English-held Fort George; April 27, 1781 and Fort George surrendered May 9, 1781. 15,000 soldiers occupied Fort San . . . — Map (db m72272) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Frascati
“Duelling Oaks” according to tradition. Later picnic grounds and site of chowder parties of the “Mullets” and the “Snappers”, in heated political rallies. Purchased by Pensacola Woman's Club, 1932 as . . . — Map (db m72250) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Gaberonne
Old Punta del Gorda, skirted by Spanish ships of Maldonado 1540, de Luna 1559, Pez 1693, Ariola 1698. Spanish mission to Yamassee Indians nearby 1750. In British grant to Wm. Aird and Benj. Wormell in 1760s; Spanish grants to Francis Gabarron . . . — Map (db m146487) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Garden Street(La Calle Jardin)
So~named because under British, each purchaser of lots in the Old City (South of here) was given a plot with the corresponding number (North of here) on Conway Street for garden purposes. Lots were 80' x 278'. Section included present Garden Street . . . — Map (db m72269) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Gateway to Florida’s History
T.T. Wentworth, Jr. Florida State Museum Built in 1907 during a downtown building boom, this building was originally City Hall. It is the earliest example of Mediterranean Revival architecture in Pensacola. In 1985, a new City Hall built on . . . — Map (db m91127) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Gen. Andrew JacksonIn This Plaza
received West Florida from Spain and raised the flag of the U.S. July 17, 1821 — To recall the flags of five nations which have been raised in turn ten times over Pensacola Spain 1559-1719+1723-1763+1783-1821 France . . . — Map (db m80072) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Gen. Andrew Jackson Residence
Site of residence of Gen. Andrew Jackson while governor of Florida 1821 Destroyed by fire 1839 — Map (db m93358) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — General Bernardo de Gálvez and the "Siege of Pensacola"The Longest Battle of the American Revolution
As the Spanish Governor of Louisiana Territories, Bernardo de Gálvez was an important friend of American Colonists. When Spain became an ally of the American Revolutionaries in 1779, Bernardo de Gálvez led a multinational force of troops from New . . . — Map (db m145510) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-313 — Hawkshaw
(Side 1) The Hawkshaw site has supported prehistoric and historic occupations which span a period of nearly 2,000 years. It was inhabited around A.D. 150 by groups of Native Americans whom archaeologists call the Deptford Culture. Scientific . . . — Map (db m72238) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-692 — Historic John the Baptist Church
Historic John the Baptist Church is the oldest Baptist congregation in Pensacola. In 1846, the First Baptist Colored Church of Pensacola, known as Historic John the Baptist Church since 1927, was organized in the Seville Square community. The . . . — Map (db m72246) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-412 — Hyer-Knowles Planing Mill
The Chimney is the only trace of what once was the first major industrial belt on the Gulf Coast, a string of antebellum wood mills and brick factories. The chimney represents the lumber industry of the Florida Panhandle. As the lumber industry . . . — Map (db m72244) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — G — Industry At Sea — Pensacola Maritime Heritage Trail —
Although the American Civil War (1861-1865) hindered much of Pensacola's early industrial growth, the city rebounded quickly once the war ended. Entrepreneurs from the northern United States saw great value in the area's deep port and natural . . . — Map (db m130716) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — John Innerarity
A native of Aberdeen, Scotland, John Innerarity was the nephew of Spanish Pensacola's leading merchant William Panton. He arrived in Pensacola in 1802 to become managing clerk of the Panton, Leslie and Co. trading post. However, his uncle had died . . . — Map (db m80078) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-818 — John Wesley Hardin
Texas fugitive, John Wesley Hardin (1853-1895) was captured here on August 23, 1877. Hardin was wanted and dangerous, and his capture became national news that brought notoriety to Pensacola. Hardin had reportedly killed 27 men. He bragged he had . . . — Map (db m91105) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Jose Noriega
Born a nobleman in Spain about 1757, Noriega served his country with distinction in the Louisiana Infantry Regiment against the British at Baton Rouge, Mobile, and Pensacola between 1779 and 1781. His son Jose Noriega, born at Pensacola in 1788, . . . — Map (db m80047) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-732 — Kupfrian's Park
Established by German immigrant Conrad Kupfrian (1833-1892), the 100-acre Kupfrian’s Park opened in the early 1880s and provided a distinctive entertainment and recreational venue for Pensacola residents for over thirty years. Kupfrian constructed . . . — Map (db m72245) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Lavallet
Site of plantation La Punta Gabaron owned 1814-1849 by Carlos Lavalle (Lavallet, Lavallette), born in 1772 of French parents in British Mobile. After Redcoats routed here in 1781, mother brought family to Spanish Pensacola. Carlos became a . . . — Map (db m146499) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Luna Expedition450th Anniversary — February 19, 2009 —
In the year of Pensacola's 450th anniversary celebration of the Luna expedition, Their Majesties King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofia of Spain visited the city to commemorate our community's long Spanish heritage. In August 1559, an expedition . . . — Map (db m52515) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Mooring AnchorFlorida Public Archaeology Network
Mooring anchors like this one were lowered into Pensacola Bay during the 1800s. A pair of buoyed mooring anchors connected by a long, heavy chain gave sailing ships a place to moor (tie up) while waiting to enter Pensacola's harbor to load or unload . . . — Map (db m91136) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-914 — Morrison Family Homestead
Constructed in 1906 by Mabel Lewis, this frame vernacular structure was the home of generations of the Morrison family, including the parents of James Douglas (Jim) Morrison, the lead singer for The Doors. Before Robert Bruce (R.B.) and Frances . . . — Map (db m110467) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-454 — North Hill Preservation District
The North Hill Preservation District occupies a 50-block area bound by Blount, Wright, Palafox, DeVilliers and Reus Streets, and represents one of the best preserved residential historic districts in Florida. After the Civil War, wealthy families . . . — Map (db m72242) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-1008 — Old Escambia County Court of Record Building (1912-1978)/Pensacola Little Theater-Pensacola Cultural
Side 1 Old Escambia County Court of Record Building (1912-1978) During the early 1900s, the Florida Legislature established a new court of record to serve the rapidly-growing Escambia County. Completed in 1912, this Neo-Classical . . . — Map (db m146500) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Original Site of First Baptist ChurchPensacola, Florida
Organized May 2, 1847 First Building erected on this site 1852 Relocated at current site, 500 N. Palafox Street, 1894. — Map (db m72251) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-710 — Original Site of Pensacola Junior College
On this site, Pensacola Junior College (PJC) opened its doors on September 13, 1948. It was the first public junior college created by the Florida Legislature under the Minimum Foundation Program Act of 1947, signed into law by Governor Millard F. . . . — Map (db m72248) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Our Confederate Dead
South Facing Side (Main Side) A.D.1861. - A.D.1865. The Uncrowned Heroes of the Southern Confederacy. Whose joy was to suffer and die for a cause they believed to be just. Their unchallenged devo- tion and matchless . . . — Map (db m72273) WM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — P.K. Yonge
At age nine, in 1859, Philip Keys Yonge moved to Pensacola with his family from Marianna, Florida. The Yonge family came to Florida from England during the British Colonial Period. He began a career in the lumber business in 1876 at the Muscogee . . . — Map (db m80040) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Pelicans In Paradise
Germalican Designer   2nd German Air Force Training Squadron USA Artist   Mrs. Lydia Davis Sponsor   2nd German Air Force Training Squadron USA “The Staff Crew of 2010” LtCol Frank Orkisz · Major Oliver Ruhe · Cpt Dirk Zickora · . . . — Map (db m102471) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — 203 — Pensacola Blues
Front Pensacola, an important early center of blues, ragtime, vaudeville and jazz activity, developed into a regional cornerstone of the “chitlin’ circuit” in later years. Touring blues, jazz and rhythm & blues acts, and . . . — Map (db m130678) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Pensacola Lighthouse
Construction began 1856, was lit 1859 and is still in use at the present time. This lighthouse replaced the original lighthouse built 1824, the first lighthouse on the Gulf Coast. — Map (db m50405) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-841 — Pensacola Lunch Counter Sit-Ins
This building, once occupied by a Woolworth’s five and dime store, played a role in the struggle for civil rights in Florida. In the 1950s and 1960s, African Americans in segregated communities began sit-ins to protest against “whites . . . — Map (db m110472) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Pensacola’s First Lighthouse
Site of Pensacola’s First Lighthouse and First on Florida’s Gulf Coast Lighted: December 20, 1824-December 31, 1858 Architect: Winslow Lewis Tower: Conical 30-foot Brick Light: 10 Whale Oil Lamps in 7-foot Lantern Keepers: Jeremiah . . . — Map (db m102635) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Pensacola's Catholic Presence
St. Michael Catholic Parish traces its foundation to Don Tristan De Luna's landing on Aug. 14, 1559. Accompanied by five priests of the Dominican Order and one lay brother, the first Catholic Mass in what is the United States was celebrated at the . . . — Map (db m148529) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Piers, Ports and Wharves: A Look At Pensacola's WaterfrontFlorida Public Archaeology Network
During the mid-1800s, 16 wharves reached into Pensacola Bay, along a three-mile stretch of waterfront from Bayou Texar to Bayou Chico. A few years later, around 1900, railroad companies invested in Pensacola's port facilities, improving wharves and . . . — Map (db m91137) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Rough Riders
June 1, 1898, Col. Theodore Roosevelt and 170 of his Rough Riders (Indians, cowboys, policemen, clubmen, millionaires, etc.) welcomed here en route to Spanish-American War. There were 6 trains with men, horses and equipment of 1st U.S. Volunteer . . . — Map (db m72270) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Salvador T. Pons
Salvador Pons was the second son of John Pons, a seaman from Maryland, and Maria Rosario, a free woman of color. As a property owner who could read and write, Salvador was able to serve the Pensacola community as City Alderman beginning in 1869 and . . . — Map (db m80048) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Site of Pensacola Opera House1883 - 1917
Here appeared Sarah Bernhardt, John Drew, Grace George, Billie Burke, Lillian Russell, Maude Adams, Anna Pavlova, Richard Mansfield, Mrs. Fiske, Mme. Modjeska, Amelia Bingham, Sousa's Band, etc. Brick and iron balcony rail in present Saenger . . . — Map (db m72256) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-352 — Site of the First Methodist Church of Pensacola/Site of the San Carlos Hotel
(Side 1) Site of the First Methodist Church of Pensacola Pensacola's first Methodist congregation was established in 1821 by Alexander Talley, M.D. It met in a series of small, wood frame churches until 1881, when construction of a . . . — Map (db m72235) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-995 — St. Johns Historic Cemetery
After the Civil War, Pensacola's population grew rapidly. As new residents flocked to the city, its burial capacity became inadequate. Other pre-existing cemeteries were affiliated with specific religious denominations, making it difficult for those . . . — Map (db m130679) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-697 — St. Joseph Catholic Church
The Sisters of Mercy began the Catholic Church's work for blacks in Pensacola when they opened St. Joseph Colored and Creole School on September 8, 1879. St. Joseph Catholic Church, built in 1891, was the 1st African-American parish in the Diocese . . . — Map (db m72247) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — St. Michael’s Church
Established in 1781 East of Ferdinand VII Plaza and North of Church Street, named because of location of St. Michael's. Destroyed by fire during Civil War period, temporary quarters were used until present Church erected in 1885. St. . . . — Map (db m148533) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Stephen R. Mallory
Born on the island of Trinidad in 1812, Stephen Mallory's family eventually made Key West their home. Mallory studied law, volunteered in the Florida militia during the second Seminole War, and became Inspector of Customs at Key West. In 1830 . . . — Map (db m80042) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — D — Supremacy, Siege and the Sea — Pensacola Maritime Heritage Trail —
Military and naval conflict dominated the 18th century. France, Spain, and Great Britain were aggressors in nearly constant warfare that often extended into North America. Spain established a fledgling colony near what is now the Pensacola Naval Air . . . — Map (db m130767) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — The Commanding Officer's Compound
This excavated area includes a part of the space where the Commanding Officer's Compound was located. It included a building, outbuildings, a formal garden area, and an outdoor kitchen. In addition, it was the center of Fort business, especially . . . — Map (db m80170) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — The End of the Colonial Era in Florida
This flag pole is located in the same general location as the pole that was used to raise the American flag over Florida officially for the first time. After signing the agreements in a building located near the dig site, soldiers of both the . . . — Map (db m80165) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — The Life and Legacy of T. T. Wentworth, Jr.“I Never Throwed Nothin’ Away”
The Early Life of T. T. Wentworth, Jr. Theodore Thomas Wentworth Jr. was born July 26, 1898, in Mobile, Alabama, to Elizabeth Goodloe and T. T. Wentworth, Sr. In 1900, the Wentworth family moved to Pensacola. Young Tom helped . . . — Map (db m91123) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-1019 — The Yonge House
Built in 1910, this Arts & Crafts style house was the home of Phillip Keyes (P.K.) Yonge, a successful Pensacola lumber magnate who served on several state and local education boards. In 1905, he helped reincorporate the Florida Historical Society, . . . — Map (db m146482) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-334 — Trader Jon's
This building was erected in 1896 and rented to numerous businesses until the 1950s. One of the most significant tenants in the early 1900s was Samuel Charles, one of Pensacola's most prominent black businessmen, whose shoe repair shop became . . . — Map (db m72239) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-843 — USCGC Sebago (WPG/WHEC 42)
Side 1: This berth was once the home of the 255 foot Owasco class patrol gunboat, Sebago (WPG 42), which was commissioned in September 1945 as the United States’ most heavily armed war vessel per foot. The ship carried an initial . . . — Map (db m110471) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — William Bartram TrailTraced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region —
In 1775 William Bartram described Pensacola and the hospitality he received when even Gov. Chester urged him to be his houseguest. — Map (db m91130) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — William Bartram TrailTraced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region —
Bartram wrote of the security and extent of intracoastal water ways from Virginia's Chesapeake Bay to the Mississippi, in 1774. — Map (db m110475) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — William Dudley Chipley1840-1897
Obelisk west side Born at Columbus, GA., June 6th, 1840, Died in Washington, D.C. December 1st, 1897. He fought for the Confederacy as Sergeant- Major, Adjutant and Captain, at Shiloh, Corinth, Chickamauga and other . . . — Map (db m80076) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Apache Prisoners
In 1886 the U.S. Army exiled 400 Apaches from the Southwest to Florida and sent most of them to Fort Marion in St. Augustine. Several Pensacola citizens, however, petitioned the government to imprison Geronimo, a medicine man and warrior, and 15 . . . — Map (db m86084) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Battery 234Spot, Plot, and Fire — Fort Pickens —
Hidden beneath this vegetated mound of Battery 234 were soldiers who figured out solutions to a pressing problem: Where should artillery crews aim the guns to strike an attacking ship? It took some teamwork. Soldiers in the nearby end towers . . . — Map (db m80060) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Battery CooperShoot and Duck — Fort Pickens —
Battery Cooper's rifles popped up, disappeared, and reappeared like a jack-in-the-box. The battery, built in 1906, had two 6-inch rifles mounted on disappearing carriages. When the guns were fired, the recoil automatically lowered them behind the . . . — Map (db m80062) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Battery Cullum, Battery SevierArtillery Ballet — Fort Pickens —
Gun crews performed a carefully choreographed ballet every time they loaded and fired an artillery piece. One slip-up in the teamwork could cause serious injuries or death. Crews practiced aiming at a target, opening the breech, loading and . . . — Map (db m80067) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Battery LangdonBig Bang — Fort Pickens —
Hidden beneath this vegetation is Battery Langdon, Fort Pickens' most powerful gun emplacement. It's 12-inch guns could throw a projectile 17 miles out to sea. The first time Artilleryman M. Harry fired one of them his hat blew off, his pants . . . — Map (db m80058) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Battery PayneKilled in Gun Drill — Fort Pickens —
In 1922 Hugo W. Papp looked on as the gun crew practiced firing one of Battery Payne's rapid-fire rifles. The recoil tore the gun from its mount and hurled it down the steps at Papp. In an instant he was dead. This was the only time that a life . . . — Map (db m80066) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Battery TruemanSafer than Brick — Fort Pickens —
Fort Pickens' brick walls and cast-iron guns had become obsolete by the end of the Civil War. Harbor defenses now called for steel guns in low-lying concrete batteries. Trueman's 3-inch, rapid-fire guns, mounted in 1905, guarded the inner channel . . . — Map (db m80063) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Battery Van SwearingenNervously Vigilant — Fort Pickens —
All alone in the glaring sun...scanning the horizon...looking for but hoping not to see an enemy ship or plane—guard duty was no picnic for the Coast Artillery during World War II. Soldiers stood guard around the clock in three- or . . . — Map (db m80065) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Battery WorthHold Your Ears — Fort Pickens —
Battery Worth's guns were deafening. The gun crews were told to "stay loose and keep your mouths open." Cotton was available, but most soldiers did not use it and developed "artilleryman's ear." Gun pits on the left and right housed eight 12-inch . . . — Map (db m80057) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Beefing Up Defenses — Fort Pickens —
On the brink of war with Spain after the USS "Maine" battleship was sunk in Havana Harbor, Cuba, in February 1898, the U.S. Army installed a minefield in the Pensacola Harbor entrance. Leaving a 1000-foot opening, the Corps of Engineers placed two . . . — Map (db m80095) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — F-12 — Captain Richard G. Bradford
In this vicinity Captain Richard G. Bradford of Madison was killed on October 9, 1861, during the Battle of Santa Rosa Island. The battle was fought in an attempt to capture Fort Pickens which protected Pensacola Harbor. Bradford was first . . . — Map (db m149353) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Chasefield Plantation Cemetery — Fort Pickens —
These gravestones are from the Chasefield Plantation Cemetery, originally located on land that is now part of Pensacola Naval Air Station. They were moved to this location in 1957. Chasefield Plantation was the home of William H. Chase, who . . . — Map (db m80056) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Colonial Power Struggle — Fort Pickens —
Starting in the mid-1500s, the Pensacola area became a pawn in a European power struggle in the New World. Adventurers from Spain, France and Britain competed with each other to establish a foothold on the Gulf of Mexico. Spain established several . . . — Map (db m80079) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Converting a Cannon — Fort Pickens —
Feel the grooves inside this rare cannon barrel. This Rodman cannon was cast in 1861 as a 10-inch smoothbore, which fired round cannonballs. To keep up with modern technology, the U.S. Army in 1884 inserted an 8-inch rifled sleeve into the old . . . — Map (db m80080) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Deadly Explosion — Fort Pickens —
On the night of June 20, 1899, a fire broke out near a gunpowder magazine on the fort's northwest side. A bucket brigade fought the flames, but the blaze grew in intensity, forced the soldiers away from the cistern, and at 5:20 a.m. ignited 8,000 . . . — Map (db m80081) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Dueling with Confederates — Fort Pickens —
If you had been here on November 22 and 23, 1861, you would have been in the midst of a fierce Civil War battle. Union troops at Fort Pickens bombarded Confederates who, in January, had occupied Fort McRee straight ahead across the bay and Fort . . . — Map (db m80083) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — First Religious Service in Pensacola
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Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Fort within a Fort — Fort Pickens —
Fort Pickens was past its prime. New rifled artillery could penetrate its brick walls. The U.S. Army resuscitated the antiquated brick fort in 1898 with reinforced concrete Battery Pensacola. The fort within a fort had two 12-inch rifles on . . . — Map (db m80097) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Hurricane Ivan — Fort Pickens —
On September 16, 2004, Hurricane Ivan roared across the Gulf of Mexico with 130-mile-per-hour winds and struck Santa Rosa Island and the national seashore's Fort Pickens head-on. A 14-foot storm surge washed across the island, destroyed piers and . . . — Map (db m80099) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Step Back in History — Fort Pickens —
Fort Pickens played a critical role in an 1800s homeland-security program. Pickens was the largest of four forts the U.S. government built to protect Pensacola Bay and the Navy Yard. The fort succeeded, not against a foreign invasion, but against . . . — Map (db m80098) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Swatting Mosquitoes — Fort Pickens —
Isolation and boredom, snakes and biting flies—many of the soldiers stationed at Fort Pickens in the 1800s and 1900s felt they had been sent to the end of the Earth and forgotten. They spent hours on end in the sweltering sun standing watch, . . . — Map (db m80122) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Perdido Key — TamparyEst. 1964
Site of the floor safe of the original Flora-Bama, built in 1964, by Theodore "Ted” Tampary, who, with his wife Ellen, had the foresight to establish the iconic watering hole on the state line after Florida traded two miles of pristine . . . — Map (db m134214) HM

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May. 28, 2020