“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Escambia County Florida Historical Markers

Cantonment Marker image, Touch for more information
By Tim Fillmon, May 8, 2018
Cantonment Marker
Florida (Escambia County), Cantonment — Cantonment
Cantonment, site of encampments of General Jackson's troops, 1814 on punitive expedition against Spanish in Florida; 1821, while awaiting transfer of Florida to him as provisional governor, July 21, 1821. Grant to Don Manuel Gonzalez, was a . . . — Map (db m97106) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Cantonment — Vacaria Baja
Home and ranch of Don Manuel Gonzalez was one-half mile east. Consisted of 1600 arpents conceded by Spanish Governor, José Masot, Dec. 22, 1817. On route of Andrew Jackson 1814, 1818 and in 1821, when General and Mrs. Jackson spent three weeks . . . — Map (db m117242) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Century — F-988 — Alger-Sullivan Lumber Company Residential Historic District
In 1901, one of the largest and most advanced southern pine sawmills east of the Mississippi River was built here. In the tradition of the era, the Alger-Sullivan Lumber Company built its own town to house and supply the families of mill workers. By . . . — Map (db m120557) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Century — F-157 — Century, Florida / Alger Railroad
Century, Florida Founded in 1900 to house mill employees of the Alger-Sullivan Lumber Company, formed in 1900 by General Russell A. Alger - Governor of Michigan, U.S. Senator, and President McKinley's Secretary of War - and by Martin H. . . . — Map (db m102557) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Naval Air Station Pensacola — The Cradle of Naval Aviation
The Cradle of Naval Aviation Over the course of 100 years, NAS Pensacola has played a part in the training of thousands of personnel, regardless of rank or aviation community, to pursue careers in Naval Aviation and earn coveted “Navy . . . — Map (db m102715) HM WM
Florida (Escambia County), Naval Air Station Pensacola — The National Flight Academy
“A dramatic multi-day immersive experience in the Magic of Flight” The National Flight Academy is a series of immersive aviation-inspired learning programs using serious games to engage students in Science, Technology, Engineering and . . . — Map (db m102792) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Naval Air Station Pensacola — USS Antietam (CV-36) Anchor
Weighing 30,057 lb. with an overall height of 15 feet, this anchor was aboard the aircraft carrier Antietam (CV-36) from her commissioning in 1945 before she was sold for scrap in 1973. During a single combat deployment in Korea from . . . — Map (db m102713) HM WM
Florida (Escambia County), Naval Air Station Pensacola — USS Essex (CV-9) Anchor
Stamped with its weight of 30,210 lb., this anchor was manufactured at the Norfolk Navy Yard in 1942 and installed on the aircraft carrier Essex (CV-9), which was commissioned the same year. This anchor was aboard the carrier until her . . . — Map (db m103263) HM WM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — A Port with PromiseFlorida De Soto Trail — December 28, 1539
(Left panel) De Soto Trail 1539-1540 You are standing along the historic route of the conquistador Hernando de Soto and his expedition through the Florida Native American territories in his quest for gold and glory. . . . — Map (db m126595) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Battery Langdon1917-1947 — Fort Pickens
Langdon was first built as two open firing platforms. During World War II, Langdon’s 12-inch rifles were roofed with 17-foot thick concrete casemates. But amphibious and missile warfare made harbor defense guns obsolete. — Map (db m61950) WM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Battle of PensacolaMarch 9 to May 8, 1781
On March 9, 1781, Spanish General Bernardo de Galvez, with a fleet of some 30 ships, arrived opposite Pensacola Bay and within a day took Santa Rosa Island. On March 18, Galvez, in his ship Galveztown, sailed under the cannon of the Royal Navy . . . — Map (db m72252) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-428 — Brownsville Community
In 1908, shortly after the extension of the trolley line west from Pensacola, Lucius Screven Brown (1874-1963) developed housing on seven blocks bounded by what is now Pace Boulevard, Strong Street, “W” Street and Gadsden Street. Brown’s . . . — Map (db m110450) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Chase Street
Col. William H. Chase, Construction Engineer, Pensacola Harbor defenses (Forts McRee, Barrancas, Redoubt, Pickens 1828-54). Captured Navy Yard for Florida Forces, January 12, 1861. Ordered to West Point 1856, resigned Commission to become President . . . — Map (db m72254) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Christ Church
From 1763-1783 the Bishop of London licensed priests to administer here. The Parish was organized in 1827. Chartered by Florida's Territorial Council in 1829. The Rev. Addison Searle was the first rector. During the . . . — Map (db m72274) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-445 — Christ Episcopal Church
Christ Church, founded in 1827, was incorporated by the Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida in 1829. The first church, constructed in 1832, still stands on Seville Square. Later, Chicago architect John Sutcliffe and Pensacola contractor . . . — Map (db m72243) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-762 — Church of the Sacred Heart
The Church of the Sacred Heart was constructed in 1905. The Right Reverend Edward Allen, Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Mobile, which at the time encompassed Pensacola, appointed the pastor of Pensacola’s St. Michael’s Church, Father Robert . . . — Map (db m110476) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Colonial Pensacola - Archaeology Brings History to Life
From 1754 until 1821, a succession of Spanish and British forts were constructed in this area of Pensacola. You are standing at the west end of the forts. They extended nearly 200 yards eastward. The Spanish, then the British, and again the Spanish . . . — Map (db m80168) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Daniel Sullivan
Daniel F. Sullivan and his brother Martin, born in Ireland, arrived in Pensacola after the Civil War. Possessing a remarkable talent for business, the brothers purchased lumber mills and wharfs on Pensacola Bay and vast areas of timberland in . . . — Map (db m80038) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Desiderio Quina
Born in Italy in 1777, Desiderio Quina served the Spanish army in the Louisiana Infantry Regiment. He was later employed in Pensacola as an apothecary for the John Forbes Company where he married Margarita Bobe. His son Desiderio was born in 1817 . . . — Map (db m80044) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Don Manuel Gonzalez
A native of Spain, Don Manuel Gonzalez joined the army at Madrid and was sent to New Orleans. After his discharge he was granted passage through the Choctaw and Creek Nations to Pensacola. At Pensacola, he was a successful cattle rancher. He opened . . . — Map (db m80051) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Dorothy Walton
Born Dorothy Camber, to a British plantation owner at South Carolina, Dorothy married lawyer George Walton at Savannah shortly before the beginning of the American Revolution. George Walton attended the Continental Congress in Philadelphia signing . . . — Map (db m80043) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Ebenezer Dorr
A native of Maine, Ebenezer Dorr spent fourteen months as a prisoner of war in England during the War of 1812. He was captain of his own ship for many years, trading at ports around the world. In about 1827, Dorr moved his family to Escambia County . . . — Map (db m80050) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-871 — Emanuel Point Shipwrecks / Los Naufragios de Emanuel Point
Side 1 Emanuel Point Shipwrecks In August 1559, eleven ships under command of Don Tristan de Luna y Arellano sailed into Pensacola Bay, then called Ochuse, to establish a new colony for Spain. Intended to stake a claim on the . . . — Map (db m102003) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Eugenio Antonio Sierra
A native of Spain, Eugenio Antonio Sierra arrived in Pensacola in the employ of the Spanish royal hospitals in 1785. He was appointed to the post of head practitioner at the Pensacola hospital between 1794 and 1799. In 1811, Dr. Sierra, professor of . . . — Map (db m80049) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-733 — Firefighter Vista S. Lowe
At this site on September 30, 1962, Firefighter Vista Spencer Lowe, age 23, died in the line of duty while responding to a house fire at 409 East Zarragossa Street. Upon arrival at the scene, Firefighter Lowe stepped from the rear tailboard of the . . . — Map (db m72249) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-435 — First Jewish House of Worship in Florida
Jewish families in Pensacola began organized worship following the Civil War. On this site in 1876 a Reform Jewish Synagogue was constructed. The State of Florida granted a charter in 1878 for Congregation Beth El. Temple Beth El joined the Union of . . . — Map (db m72240) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — First Methodist Church
Established as a mission by the Mississippi Methodist Conference December 7, 1821. Rev. Alexander Talley, first pastor. The first, second, and third church buildings located NE corner of Tarragona and Intendencia Streets. Fourth church building . . . — Map (db m72255) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Fort George
Site of Fort George - headquarters of British West Florida - Suwannee to the Mississippi. From 1763 until captured by Spanish Gen. Bernardo de Galvez in 1781 and renamed San Miguel. Seized by Andrew Jackson in 1814 and 1818 and delivered to him as . . . — Map (db m72271) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Fort San Bernardo
Site of Fort San Bernardo. Built by Don Bernardo de Galvez, Governor of Spanish Louisiana. From this Fort the Spanish bombarded the English-held Fort George; April 27, 1781 and Fort George surrendered May 9, 1781. 15,000 soldiers occupied Fort San . . . — Map (db m72272) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Frascati
“Duelling Oaks” according to tradition. Later picnic grounds and site of chowder parties of the “Mullets” and the “Snappers”, in heated political rallies. Purchased by Pensacola Woman's Club, 1932 as . . . — Map (db m72250) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Garden Street(La Calle Jardin)
So~named because under British, each purchaser of lots in the Old City (South of here) was given a plot with the corresponding number (North of here) on Conway Street for garden purposes. Lots were 80' x 278'. Section included present Garden Street . . . — Map (db m72269) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Gateway to Florida’s History
T.T. Wentworth, Jr. Florida State Museum Built in 1907 during a downtown building boom, this building was originally City Hall. It is the earliest example of Mediterranean Revival architecture in Pensacola. In 1985, a new City Hall built on . . . — Map (db m91127) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Gen. Andrew JacksonIn This Plaza
received West Florida from Spain and raised the flag of the U.S. July 17, 1821 — To recall the flags of five nations which have been raised in turn ten times over Pensacola Spain 1559-1719+1723-1763+1783-1821 France . . . — Map (db m80072) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Gen. Andrew Jackson Residence
Site of residence of Gen. Andrew Jackson while governor of Florida 1821 Destroyed by fire 1839 — Map (db m93358) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-313 — Hawkshaw
(Side 1) The Hawkshaw site has supported prehistoric and historic occupations which span a period of nearly 2,000 years. It was inhabited around A.D. 150 by groups of Native Americans whom archaeologists call the Deptford Culture. Scientific . . . — Map (db m72238) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-692 — Historic John the Baptist Church
Historic John the Baptist Church is the oldest Baptist congregation in Pensacola. In 1846, the First Baptist Colored Church of Pensacola, known as Historic John the Baptist Church since 1927, was organized in the Seville Square community. The . . . — Map (db m72246) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-412 — Hyer-Knowles Planing Mill
The Chimney is the only trace of what once was the first major industrial belt on the Gulf Coast, a string of antebellum wood mills and brick factories. The chimney represents the lumber industry of the Florida Panhandle. As the lumber industry . . . — Map (db m72244) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — John Innerarity
A native of Aberdeen, Scotland, John Innerarity was the nephew of Spanish Pensacola's leading merchant William Panton. He arrived in Pensacola in 1802 to become managing clerk of the Panton, Leslie and Co. trading post. However, his uncle had died . . . — Map (db m80078) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-818 — John Wesley Hardin
(side 1) Texas fugitive, John Wesley Hardin (1853-1895) was captured here on August 23, 1877. Hardin was wanted and dangerous, and his capture became national news that brought notoriety to Pensacola. Hardin had reportedly killed 27 men. He . . . — Map (db m91105) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Jose Noriega
Born a nobleman in Spain about 1757, Noriega served his country with distinction in the Louisiana Infantry Regiment against the British at Baton Rouge, Mobile, and Pensacola between 1779 and 1781. His son Jose Noriega, born at Pensacola in 1788, . . . — Map (db m80047) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-732 — Kupfrian's Park
Established by German immigrant Conrad Kupfrian (1833-1892), the 100-acre Kupfrian’s Park opened in the early 1880s and provided a distinctive entertainment and recreational venue for Pensacola residents for over thirty years. Kupfrian constructed . . . — Map (db m72245) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Luna Expedition450th Anniversary — February 19, 2009
In the year of Pensacola's 450th anniversary celebration of the Luna expedition, Their Majesties King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofia of Spain visited the city to commemorate our community's long Spanish heritage. In August 1559, an expedition . . . — Map (db m52515) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Mooring AnchorFlorida Public Archaeology Network
Mooring anchors like this one were lowered into Pensacola Bay during the 1800s. A pair of buoyed mooring anchors connected by a long, heavy chain gave sailing ships a place to moor (tie up) while waiting to enter Pensacola's harbor to load or unload . . . — Map (db m91136) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-914 — Morrison Family Homestead
Constructed in 1906 by Mabel Lewis, this frame vernacular structure was the home of generations of the Morrison family, including the parents of James Douglas (Jim) Morrison, the lead singer for The Doors. Before Robert Bruce (R.B.) and Frances . . . — Map (db m110467) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-454 — North Hill Preservation District
The North Hill Preservation District occupies a 50-block area bound by Blount, Wright, Palafox, DeVilliers and Reus Streets, and represents one of the best preserved residential historic districts in Florida. After the Civil War, wealthy families . . . — Map (db m72242) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Original Site of First Baptist ChurchPensacola, Florida
Organized May 2, 1847 First Building erected on this site 1852 Relocated at current site, 500 N. Palafox Street, 1894. — Map (db m72251) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-710 — Original Site of Pensacola Junior College
On this site, Pensacola Junior College (PJC) opened its doors on September 13, 1948. It was the first public junior college created by the Florida Legislature under the Minimum Foundation Program Act of 1947, signed into law by Governor Millard F. . . . — Map (db m72248) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Our Confederate Dead
South Facing Side (Main Side) A.D.1861. - A.D.1865. The Uncrowned Heroes of the Southern Confederacy. Whose joy was to suffer and die for a cause they believed to be just. Their unchallenged devo- tion and matchless . . . — Map (db m72273) WM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — P.K. Yonge
At age nine, in 1859, Philip Keys Yonge moved to Pensacola with his family from Marianna, Florida. The Yonge family came to Florida from England during the British Colonial Period. He began a career in the lumber business in 1876 at the Muscogee . . . — Map (db m80040) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Pelicans In Paradise
Germalican Designer   2nd German Air Force Training Squadron USA Artist   Mrs. Lydia Davis Sponsor   2nd German Air Force Training Squadron USA “The Staff Crew of 2010” LtCol Frank Orkisz · Major Oliver Ruhe · Cpt Dirk Zickora · . . . — Map (db m102471) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Pensacola Lighthouse
Construction began 1856, was lit 1859 and is still in use at the present time. This lighthouse replaced the original lighthouse built 1824, the first lighthouse on the Gulf Coast. — Map (db m50405) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-841 — Pensacola Lunch Counter Sit-Ins
This building, once occupied by a Woolworth’s five and dime store, played a role in the struggle for civil rights in Florida. In the 1950s and 1960s, African Americans in segregated communities began sit-ins to protest against “whites . . . — Map (db m110472) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Pensacola’s First Lighthouse
Site of Pensacola’s First Lighthouse and First on Florida’s Gulf Coast Lighted: December 20, 1824-December 31, 1858 Architect: Winslow Lewis Tower: Conical 30-foot Brick Light: 10 Whale Oil Lamps in 7-foot Lantern Keepers: Jeremiah . . . — Map (db m102635) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Piers, Ports and Wharves: A Look At Pensacola's WaterfrontFlorida Public Archaeology Network
During the mid-1800s, 16 wharves reached into Pensacola Bay, along a three-mile stretch of waterfront from Bayou Texar to Bayou Chico. A few years later, around 1900, railroad companies invested in Pensacola's port facilities, improving wharves and . . . — Map (db m91137) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Rough Riders
June 1, 1898, Col. Theodore Roosevelt and 170 of his Rough Riders (Indians, cowboys, policemen, clubmen, millionaires, etc.) welcomed here en route to Spanish-American War. There were 6 trains with men, horses and equipment of 1st U.S. Volunteer . . . — Map (db m72270) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Salvador T. Pons
Salvador Pons was the second son of John Pons, a seaman from Maryland, and Maria Rosario, a free woman of color. As a property owner who could read and write, Salvador was able to serve the Pensacola community as City Alderman beginning in 1869 and . . . — Map (db m80048) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Site of Pensacola Opera House1883 - 1917
Here appeared Sarah Bernhardt, John Drew, Grace George, Billie Burke, Lillian Russell, Maude Adams, Anna Pavlova, Richard Mansfield, Mrs. Fiske, Mme. Modjeska, Amelia Bingham, Sousa's Band, etc. Brick and iron balcony rail in present Saenger . . . — Map (db m72256) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-352 — Site of the First Methodist Church of Pensacola/Site of the San Carlos Hotel
(Side 1) Site of the First Methodist Church of Pensacola Pensacola's first Methodist congregation was established in 1821 by Alexander Talley, M.D. It met in a series of small, wood frame churches until 1881, when construction of a . . . — Map (db m72235) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-697 — St. Joseph Catholic Church
The Sisters of Mercy began the Catholic Church's work for blacks in Pensacola when they opened St. Joseph Colored and Creole School on September 8, 1879. St. Joseph Catholic Church, built in 1891, was the 1st African-American parish in the Diocese . . . — Map (db m72247) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — St. Michael’s Church
Established in 1781 East of Ferdinand VII Plaza and North of Church Street, named because of location of St. Michael's. Destroyed by fire during Civil War period, temporary quarters were used until present Church erected in 1885. St. Michael’s, . . . — Map (db m72253) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — Stephen R. Mallory
Born on the island of Trinidad in 1812, Stephen Mallory's family eventually made Key West their home. Mallory studied law, volunteered in the Florida militia during the second Seminole War, and became Inspector of Customs at Key West. In 1830 . . . — Map (db m80042) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — The Commanding Officer's Compound
This excavated area includes a part of the space where the Commanding Officer's Compound was located. It included a building, outbuildings, a formal garden area, and an outdoor kitchen. In addition, it was the center of Fort business, especially . . . — Map (db m80170) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — The End of the Colonial Era in Florida
This flag pole is located in the same general location as the pole that was used to raise the American flag over Florida officially for the first time. After signing the agreements in a building located near the dig site, soldiers of both the . . . — Map (db m80165) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — The Life and Legacy of T. T. Wentworth, Jr.“I Never Throwed Nothin’ Away”
The Early Life of T. T. Wentworth, Jr. Theodore Thomas Wentworth Jr. was born July 26, 1898, in Mobile, Alabama, to Elizabeth Goodloe and T. T. Wentworth, Sr. In 1900, the Wentworth family moved to Pensacola. Young Tom helped . . . — Map (db m91123) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-334 — Trader Jon's
This building was erected in 1896 and rented to numerous businesses until the 1950s. One of the most significant tenants in the early 1900s was Samuel Charles, one of Pensacola's most prominent black businessmen, whose shoe repair shop became . . . — Map (db m72239) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — F-843 — USCGC Sebago (WPG/WHEC 42)
Side 1: This berth was once the home of the 255 foot Owasco class patrol gunboat, Sebago (WPG 42), which was commissioned in September 1945 as the United States’ most heavily armed war vessel per foot. The ship carried an initial . . . — Map (db m110471) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — William Bartram TrailTraced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region
In 1775 William Bartram described Pensacola and the hospitality he received when even Gov. Chester urged him to be his houseguest. — Map (db m91130) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — William Bartram TrailTraced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region
Bartram wrote of the security and extent of intracoastal water ways from Virginia's Chesapeake Bay to the Mississippi, in 1774. — Map (db m110475) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola — William Dudley Chipley1840-1897
Obelisk west side Born at Columbus, GA., June 6th, 1840, Died in Washington, D.C. December 1st, 1897. He fought for the Confederacy as Sergeant- Major, Adjutant and Captain, at Shiloh, Corinth, Chickamauga and other . . . — Map (db m80076) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Apache Prisoners
In 1886 the U.S. Army exiled 400 Apaches from the Southwest to Florida and sent most of them to Fort Marion in St. Augustine. Several Pensacola citizens, however, petitioned the government to imprison Geronimo, a medicine man and warrior, and 15 . . . — Map (db m86084) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Battery 234Spot, Plot, and Fire — Fort Pickens
Hidden beneath this vegetated mound of Battery 234 were soldiers who figured out solutions to a pressing problem: Where should artillery crews aim the guns to strike an attacking ship? It took some teamwork. Soldiers in the nearby end towers . . . — Map (db m80060) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Battery CooperShoot and Duck — Fort Pickens
Battery Cooper's rifles popped up, disappeared, and reappeared like a jack-in-the-box. The battery, built in 1906, had two 6-inch rifles mounted on disappearing carriages. When the guns were fired, the recoil automatically lowered them behind the . . . — Map (db m80062) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Battery Cullum, Battery SevierArtillery Ballet — Fort Pickens
Gun crews performed a carefully choreographed ballet every time they loaded and fired an artillery piece. One slip-up in the teamwork could cause serious injuries or death. Crews practiced aiming at a target, opening the breech, loading and . . . — Map (db m80067) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Battery LangdonBig Bang — Fort Pickens
Hidden beneath this vegetation is Battery Langdon, Fort Pickens' most powerful gun emplacement. It's 12-inch guns could throw a projectile 17 miles out to sea. The first time Artilleryman M. Harry fired one of them his hat blew off, his pants . . . — Map (db m80058) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Battery PayneKilled in Gun Drill — Fort Pickens
In 1922 Hugo W. Papp looked on as the gun crew practiced firing one of Battery Payne's rapid-fire rifles. The recoil tore the gun from its mount and hurled it down the steps at Papp. In an instant he was dead. This was the only time that a life . . . — Map (db m80066) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Battery TruemanSafer than Brick — Fort Pickens
Fort Pickens' brick walls and cast-iron guns had become obsolete by the end of the Civil War. Harbor defenses now called for steel guns in low-lying concrete batteries. Trueman's 3-inch, rapid-fire guns, mounted in 1905, guarded the inner channel . . . — Map (db m80063) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Battery Van SwearingenNervously Vigilant — Fort Pickens
All alone in the glaring sun...scanning the horizon...looking for but hoping not to see an enemy ship or plane—guard duty was no picnic for the Coast Artillery during World War II. Soldiers stood guard around the clock in three- or . . . — Map (db m80065) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Battery WorthHold Your Ears — Fort Pickens
Battery Worth's guns were deafening. The gun crews were told to "stay loose and keep your mouths open." Cotton was available, but most soldiers did not use it and developed "artilleryman's ear." Gun pits on the left and right housed eight 12-inch . . . — Map (db m80057) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Beefing Up Defenses — Fort Pickens
On the brink of war with Spain after the USS "Maine" battleship was sunk in Havana Harbor, Cuba, in February 1898, the U.S. Army installed a minefield in the Pensacola Harbor entrance. Leaving a 1000-foot opening, the Corps of Engineers placed two . . . — Map (db m80095) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Chasefield Plantation Cemetery — Fort Pickens
These gravestones are from the Chasefield Plantation Cemetery, originally located on land that is now part of Pensacola Naval Air Station. They were moved to this location in 1957. Chasefield Plantation was the home of William H. Chase, who . . . — Map (db m80056) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Colonial Power Struggle — Fort Pickens
Starting in the mid-1500s, the Pensacola area became a pawn in a European power struggle in the New World. Adventurers from Spain, France and Britain competed with each other to establish a foothold on the Gulf of Mexico. Spain established several . . . — Map (db m80079) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Converting a Cannon — Fort Pickens
Feel the grooves inside this rare cannon barrel. This Rodman cannon was cast in 1861 as a 10-inch smoothbore, which fired round cannonballs. To keep up with modern technology, the U.S. Army in 1884 inserted an 8-inch rifled sleeve into the old . . . — Map (db m80080) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Deadly Explosion — Fort Pickens
On the night of June 20, 1899, a fire broke out near a gunpowder magazine on the fort's northwest side. A bucket brigade fought the flames, but the blaze grew in intensity, forced the soldiers away from the cistern, and at 5:20 a.m. ignited 8,000 . . . — Map (db m80081) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Dueling with Confederates — Fort Pickens
If you had been here on November 22 and 23, 1861, you would have been in the midst of a fierce Civil War battle. Union troops at Fort Pickens bombarded Confederates who, in January, had occupied Fort McRee straight ahead across the bay and Fort . . . — Map (db m80083) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — First Religious Service in Pensacola
. . . — Map (db m80036) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Fort within a Fort — Fort Pickens
Fort Pickens was past its prime. New rifled artillery could penetrate its brick walls. The U.S. Army resuscitated the antiquated brick fort in 1898 with reinforced concrete Battery Pensacola. The fort within a fort had two 12-inch rifles on . . . — Map (db m80097) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Hurricane Ivan — Fort Pickens
On September 16, 2004, Hurricane Ivan roared across the Gulf of Mexico with 130-mile-per-hour winds and struck Santa Rosa Island and the national seashore's Fort Pickens head-on. A 14-foot storm surge washed across the island, destroyed piers and . . . — Map (db m80099) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Step Back in History — Fort Pickens
Fort Pickens played a critical role in an 1800s homeland-security program. Pickens was the largest of four forts the U.S. government built to protect Pensacola Bay and the Navy Yard. The fort succeeded, not against a foreign invasion, but against . . . — Map (db m80098) HM
Florida (Escambia County), Pensacola Beach — Swatting Mosquitoes — Fort Pickens
Isolation and boredom, snakes and biting flies—many of the soldiers stationed at Fort Pickens in the 1800s and 1900s felt they had been sent to the end of the Earth and forgotten. They spent hours on end in the sweltering sun standing watch, . . . — Map (db m80122) HM

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