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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Madison County, Illinois
Edwardsville is the county seat for Madison County
Adjacent to Madison County, Illinois
Bond County(25) ► Clinton County(32) ► Jersey County(17) ► Macoupin County(30) ► Montgomery County(19) ► St. Clair County(209) ► St. Charles County, Missouri(226) ► St. Louis, Missouri(603) ► St. Louis County, Missouri(521) ►
Touch name on this list to highlight map location. Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
The view from the Alton waterfront has changed dramatically through the years. In the past, the view was dominated by Locks and Dam No. 26, a railroad bridge, and the old Clark Bridge. Today, all three of these structures have been removed, while . . . — — Map (db m133282) HM
Civil War Dead
An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the U.S. government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury fallen Union . . . — — Map (db m185503) HM
The Alton Military Prison closed July 7, 1865 when the last prisoners were released or sent to St. Louis The buildings were torn down over the next twenty year until only a small remnant of the cell back remained Stone from the prison buildings . . . — — Map (db m211807) HM
"Drive the Locomotive through our land, and you will have business, activity, prosperity, and mettle." -Benjamin Godfrey
In 1834, a group of visionaries in Springfield, Illinois, led by Abraham Lincoln, proposed laying railroad tracks . . . — — Map (db m144836) HM
In the summer of 1993, very heavy and extensive rains began falling in the upper Midwest. This historic event pushed the Mississippi and Missouri rivers to record flood levels, and caused one of the most dramatic and damaging natural disasters in . . . — — Map (db m133279) HM
Civil War Alton
In spring, 1861, pro-Confederate militia in St. Louis, Missouri, threatened to capture the U.S. arsenal there. Union forces in Illinois commandeered the steamboat City of Alton, sailed south, and and at midnight on . . . — — Map (db m133299) HM
College Avenue Presbyterian Church, established 1837, formerly Upper Alton Presbyterian Church, heralds Elijah Parish Lovejoy, editor and martyr to freedom, as its first pastor.
Emerson wrote, "The brave Lovejoy gave his breast to the bullets . . . — — Map (db m142158) HM
This is the third church to be built here since 1836.
The first church was made of stone and was built late in 1836 on the present site. The land and church's bell were donated by Enoch Long.
Elijah Parish Lovejoy was the first pastor . . . — — Map (db m144833) HM
Rich in heritage and haunted by history, many threads of our nation's past can be discovered here in Alton.
Located at the confluence of the Mississippi, Illinois, and Missouri rivers, Alton is one of America's great river towns. It was . . . — — Map (db m133286) HM
Elijah Parish Lovejoy (Nov. 9, 1802 - Nov. 7, 1837) was a newspaper editor, social reformer, and Presbyterian minister whose death at the hands of an angry mob at Alton, Illinois, made him an enduring symbol of the fight for human liberty and . . . — — Map (db m133297) HM
Editor Alton Observer
Nov. 8. 1802.
Nov. 7, 1837.
A Martyr to Liberty
"I have sworn eternal opposition to slavery,
and by the blessing of God I will never turn back." . . . — — Map (db m133298) HM
Elijah Parish Lovejoy was the first pastor of Upper Alton Presbyterian Church, now College Avenue Presbyterian Church. A minister, teacher, newspaper editor, and martyr to free speech and the abolition of slavery, he was fatally shot on Nov. 7, . . . — — Map (db m142159) HM
Bitten by gold rush fever in 1849, Dr. Benjamin F. Edwards, brother to former Illinois governor Ninian Edwards and the Honorable Cyrus Edwards, left Alton and traveled to San Francisco to try to capitalize on the economic opportunity. Days before he . . . — — Map (db m140668) HM
Theodore Roosevelt Letter On Cuba
On January 22, 1907, President Theodore Roosevelt wrote to Secretary of War William Howard Taft rejecting the idea of a protectorate over Cuba and expressing his determination that the United States should . . . — — Map (db m169581) HM
Considered by many to be the first casualty of the Civil War, abolitionist editor and Presbyterian minister Rev. Elijah P. Lovejoy was killed defending the freedom of the press.
Editor of the St. Louis Observer, Lovejoy wrote . . . — — Map (db m133295) HM
"Lovejoy's tragic death for freedom in every sense marked his sad ending as the most important single event that ever happened in the new world." - Abraham Lincoln in a letter to his friend Rev. James Lemen, March 2, 1857
In 1832, . . . — — Map (db m144832) HM
Throughout history, Mississippi River floods have been a part of the natural cycle of life [unreadable]. During each flood, residents have worked to lessen damage, and have slowly rebuilt their towns, their farms, and their lives. Today, a modern . . . — — Map (db m133280) HM
This unique Queen Anne style playhouse was built in 1885 for five year old Lucy J. Haskell, daughter of Dr. William A. and Florence Hayner Haskell. It is believed Lucy's grandfather, John E. Hayner, commissioned prominent local architect, Lucas J. . . . — — Map (db m133293) HM
In remembrance of the pioneer days of this area and to the memory of the victims of the Wood River Massacre
who were killed by Indians near this site on July 10, 1814 - Rachel Reagan, Elizabeth 7, Timothy 3 wife and children of Reason Reagan - . . . — — Map (db m47661) HM
On this site in 1831, John Mason Peck (1789-1858), pioneer Baptist preacher, author, and educator, established the school which became Shurtleff College. In 1817, Peck had left his home in New England with a vision "to bring the lamp of learning and . . . — — Map (db m139658) HM
The seventh and last debate between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas in the 1858 U.S. Senatorial Campaign was held at this site on October 15. Approximately five thousand people gathered in front of the old City Hall to hear the two . . . — — Map (db m154153) HM
The two life-like statues represent a monumental event in our nation's history—the Lincoln-Douglas debates.
For a decade, the Illinois U.S. Senate seat was held by Stephen A. Douglas, one of the most famous politicians of his time. . . . — — Map (db m133288) HM
The warehouse of Godfrey, Gilman & Co. was situated at the foot of William Street near where the flour mill is located today. Broadway was a one lane street at that time called Short Street. The building was stone, three stories on the street . . . — — Map (db m211806) HM
The stately house down the block once housed the co-author of the 13th Amendment, which abolished slavery in the United States.
In giving freedom to the slave, we assure freedom to the free—honorable alike in what we give and what we . . . — — Map (db m133291) HM
Miles Dewey Davis III is noted as one of the most influential jazz musicians of the 20th century. The son of a successful dental surgeon and music teacher, he was born in Alton, Illinois prior to the family relocating to East St. Louis, Illinois in . . . — — Map (db m144775) HM
Alton Military Prison
In late 1861, Union Gen. Henry Halleck received permission to use the former Illinois State Penitentiary in Alton, Illinois, as a military prison. The old prison had 256 cells, a hospital, a warden's house, and . . . — — Map (db m154164) HM
"Godfrey [Illinois] was in the forefront of the early-day road paving enterprise of a century ago that was the day of the celebrated plank toll roads." - Alton Evening Telegraph, July 17, 1952
In 1836, during construction of Monticello . . . — — Map (db m144919) HM
Prisoners at Alton Military Prison
The Alton Military Prison was inhabited by four different classes of prisoner, Confederates, civilians, Federal soldiers and a group called guerillas or bushwhackers.
Confederate prisoners of war made up . . . — — Map (db m211487) HM
Robert Pershing Wadlow, Alton's gentleman giant, was born February 22, 1918. He lived most of his life in Alton, where he attended Alton High School and Shurtleff College, now the campus of S.I.U.E. Dental School. At age five, Robert was 5'6" tall . . . — — Map (db m140133) HM
Ruins of first state prison in Illinois. Built in 1830-31. Unsanitary conditions aroused persistent criticism from Dorothea Dix, pioneer in prison reform. All inmates were transferred to Joliet prior to 1860. During the Civil War many Confederate . . . — — Map (db m144762) HM
Lincoln made frequent legal and political trips to Alton putting him in the heart of Alton history.
For nearly twenty-five years before becoming president, Lincoln was a general practice attorney, representing clients in a variety of . . . — — Map (db m133290) HM
Scott Bibb (1855-1909) was the plaintiff in the Alton School Case, a series of lawsuits that sought to retain Alton's desegregated schools, which had existed in Alton from 1872 to 1897, a short-lived outcome of the Reconstruction era. When Alton . . . — — Map (db m133294) HM
The Franklin House hotel served as Lincoln's debate headquarters and reception area during the final debate.
In 1858, great debates were staged for the public with carnival-like appeal. People came from across Illinois and nearby states to . . . — — Map (db m164649) HM
A now-submerged island directly across from you is a mass gravesite for hundreds of Confederate solders.
"In this sad world of ours, sorrow comes to all and to the young it comes with bittersweet agony, because it takes them . . . — — Map (db m133283) HM
"He had been in Alton scarcely a year when he began the building with his own funds, of a neat stone church on the corner of Third and Market Street and offered the building for use of all organized religious bodies in the town. From that time . . . — — Map (db m144835) HM
The Civil War began at Fort Sumpter on April 12, 1861 and Alton became a stopping off point for thousands of Union soldiers. Rail lines brought the soldiers to the river front and they boarded steamers for Southern battlefields.
By December, . . . — — Map (db m211069) HM WM
More people died during the Civil War than during any other war in U.S. history. An estimated 200 Union soldiers are buried at the Alton Cemetery.
More than three million fought in the Civil War. Two percent of the populationmore than . . . — — Map (db m133300) HM
An island in the Mississippi River across from Alton was the site of one of Abraham Lincoln's less celebrated adventures.
"I don't think much of a man who is not wiser today than he was yesterday." — Abraham . . . — — Map (db m133285) HM
The Illinois State Penitentiary at Alton was the first institution built with public funds in Illinois. Previously, prisoners sentenced in county courts were incarcerated in crude buildings, often constructed of logs that were inadequate for the . . . — — Map (db m211622) HM
In 1673 Jacques Marquette reported that he and fellow French explorer Louis Jolliet discovered a Painting of what was probably two "Water Monsters" on the bluffs of the Mississippi River near present day Alton. By 1700 those pictographic creatures . . . — — Map (db m89339) HM
While the Alton Military Prison operated here during the Civil War, there were approximately 1,570 deaths among the soldiers and civilians and about 200 deaths among the Union soldiers who acted as their keepers. Burials occurred in three places, . . . — — Map (db m210695) HM
Units assigned to guard the Alton Federal Military Prison
13th U.S. Regular Infantry
Ordered to Alton February, 1862
77th Ohio Volunteer Infantry
Ordered to Alton August, 1862
37th Iowa Volunteer Infantry (The . . . — — Map (db m210701) HM
This memorial is erected to commemorate the patriotism and devotion of our citizens who answered our country's call and served in the World War.
Let us have faith in that right makes might, and in that . . . — — Map (db m55500) HM
Point of Life
In dedication to these men who gave their lives in the pursuit of peace during the Vietnam Conflict. May these roots grow deep.
Harman R. Armstrong, Pfc USMC
Norman L. Barton, Pfc USA
James I. Burgoyne, WO USA . . . — — Map (db m169579) HM WM
The following is a description of Culp Lane Park that the Village of Bethalto has undertaken. As you can see the village of Bethalto teamed with the state of Illinois with Illinois First Funds as well as Madison County, Illinois Community . . . — — Map (db m141361) HM
Cahokia was the largest prehistoric Indian community in America north of Mexico. It covered an area of six square-miles, including at least 120 mounds of different size and function. Initial occupation during Late Woodland times (AD 700-800) . . . — — Map (db m151122) HM
Modern Era - War on Terror
The kneeling soldier statue represents the homage given to fellow warriors and "Fallen Heroes," past and present, as he or she is "Called to Duty".
WWII - Korean . . . — — Map (db m169639) HM WM
The Oatman House
501 East Main Street
This Carpenter Gothic Revival home warrants notice for the pointed arch windows and the "gingerbread" trim. The square nails used in its construction give a clue to its age. The patents on the . . . — — Map (db m169646) HM
Imagine Main Street in the early 1900s. Horses pull supply wagons stocked with fruits, vegetables, and dry goods to shops facing the thoroughfare. Trolleys bounce and clang as they trundle down rails at the street's center. Bicyclists weave between . . . — — Map (db m144068) HM
This cemetery was the original burial place for the first settlers of the Collinsville community. It was donated by the first settler, William B. Collins. Since there were no city officials then, it was deeded to the care of the trustees of the . . . — — Map (db m169485) HM
Randall David Dalton
David Kell Dematteis
Leonard Monroe Gillespie
Charles Bernard Lankford
Albert Roy Lorenz
David Paul Meyer
Richard Lynn Moore
Donald Louis . . . — — Map (db m169654) WM
Howard H. Bailey
Ben. M. Borgars
James G. Dukes
George W. Ganninger
August Karvelat, Jr.
Frank Quatto . . . — — Map (db m169655) WM
Charles Anthony Ady, Jr.
Charles John Ashmann
Peter Paul Baudino
Jesse James Beaver
Carlisle Burnell Bowers
Ray Vernon Castiaux
Herbert Fendrick Chinn
Arnold Harold Cline . . . — — Map (db m169657) WM
Monks Mound is the largest prehistoric earthwork in the Americas. Its base covers over 14 acres, and it rises to a height of 100 feet. It contains an estimated 22 million cubic feet of earth, all hand-carried in baskets from the many borrow pits . . . — — Map (db m62175) HM
Carl Christian Mose (1903-1973), instructor of modeling at the School of Fine Arts at Washington University was commissioned to design and construct the center piece for the Dorris Fountain in March of 1938.
A youthful terra cotta figure of . . . — — Map (db m148774) HM
On April 5, 1918, German immigrant Robert Prager was hanged by a mob at this site. Prager's lynching was the high-water mark of the anti-immigrant and anti-German hysteria that gripped the nation during World War I. Persecution in the guise of . . . — — Map (db m151267) HM
Charles L. Carney, 4th TX Infantry
Everett G. Drake, Hospital Corps
Hiram J. Hood, 17th U.S. Infantry
T.A. Riggin, 2nd U.S. Cavalry
Ernest H. Isom, 9th IL Infantry
John F. Tobnick, 3rd U.S. Artillery
Henry Pausch, 5th MO . . . — — Map (db m169648) WM
The central ceremonial precinct of Cahokia was enclosed by a defensive wall, the Stockade (or Palisade). It was built of upright logs placed in 4-5 foot deep trenches and probably stood 10-15 feet high above the ground. It would take an estimated . . . — — Map (db m74887) HM
In October 15, 1915 the President of the Collinsville Study Club (now the Woman's Club) appointed a library project committee. The library opened its doors on August 26, 1916 with a single bookcase of some three or four shelves. The City Council . . . — — Map (db m148710) HM
History of the 1962-63 wing
The East wing of the Collinsville Memorial Library was built in 1962-63. The addition was designed by Albert R. Goedde, assistant to J.W. Kennedy on the original design. The wing was built at a cost of $43,000 . . . — — Map (db m148776) HM
History of the 1985-86 wing
In 1985-86 the four story 16,800 square foot south wing including a 3,479 square foot meeting room was added to the Collinsville Memorial Library. Robert Field was the architect.
In 1983 the City Council of . . . — — Map (db m148771) HM
The Blum House located at 414 West Main Street in Collinsville is a home closely connected with one of the town's most well known industries. Two of the three generations of the Blum family who operated the internationally known . . . — — Map (db m142974) HM
In 1975 as a bicentennial project, Irving Dilliard and Lucille Stehman founded the Friends of the Collinsville Historical Museum.
This organization formed around the artifacts of the Collins family trunk which had been acquired by Mr. . . . — — Map (db m148711) HM
Built circa 1845 by Daniel Dove Collins (1814-1892) for his bride Elizabeth M. Anderson (1826-1902), the Collins House is an example of Greek revival architecture. As the first president of the Collinsville village board, Collins held board meetings . . . — — Map (db m144010) HM
The fountain in front of the Main Entrance of the Collinsville Memorial Public Library was dedicated on May 25, 1938 in honor to Charles H. Dorris by the teachers and students of the Collinsville Unit 10 School District in which he served as the . . . — — Map (db m148773) HM
In March 1966 the 76 year old Magnolia Tree planted by the late Theodore Ambrosius was moved from its original site on Clay Street to the front lawn of the Collinsville Memorial Library.
The tree was scheduled to be taken down from the . . . — — Map (db m148778) HM
World War I
Karvelet, A. Sr.
Snadden, J. . . . — — Map (db m169637) WM
Joseph "Boss" Willoughby and his wife Hannah purchased this property around 1922 and ran a family-sustained farm for over 70 years. In its heyday, the farm included pigs, chickens, cattle, an orchard with fruit and nut trees, and a large flower and . . . — — Map (db m202463) HM
At least five large post-circle monuments were built at this location from AD 1100 to 1200, each with a different diameter and number of posts. Woodhenge III is the circle most extensively excavated and is the one reconstructed here, in the original . . . — — Map (db m62174) HM
Our community will forever honor those who gave the ultimate sacrifice for our freedom
World War I
*Lee Arnold Berkheiser - Natl Guard - DNB *Grant James Larrance - Natl Guard - DNB Pvt Sam Mullins - Army - KIA
World War II . . . — — Map (db m211578) WM
The Wann Disaster of January 21, 1893, is Madison Countys most horrific railroad tragedy. It caused the greatest loss of life and cases of personal injury in a single incident. The accident occurred at the Wann Junction on the Big Four Railroad, . . . — — Map (db m139657) HM
More than 250,000 horses were brought in from mid and western United States and shipped out of the East Alton stockyards during World War I. The horses of various breeds were shipped overseas to the British, French, and Belgian governments for the . . . — — Map (db m211576) HM
(first part shown as a timeline:)
1965 - First flying in September of 1965, the A-7 Corsair II replaced the A-4 Skyhawk as Naval Aviation's front line light attack aircraft. The multi-mission A-7E Corsair II was unparalleled in its . . . — — Map (db m168347) HM
Dedicated on June 3, 1982
In recognition of 50 years of outstanding service to the Edwardsville Municipal Band during which he served 25 years as its director
Edwardsville Rotary Club serving the community as the major contributor to . . . — — Map (db m54303) HM
First erected in 1923 at the corner of St. Louis Street and North Main Street
Through funds raised by public donations, the clock was relocated in this Clock Tower park and presented to the City of Edwardsville in gratitude for its . . . — — Map (db m52630) HM
Route 66, the Mother Road, is an American icon that symbolizes romance and freedom of the open road. Born in 1926, Route 66 was one of the first numbered U.S. highways, journeying 2,500 miles from Chicago to Los Angeles. Today, you can still "get . . . — — Map (db m144542) HM
One quarter-mile to the west stood Fort Russell, a wooden stockade which served as a base of supplies and operations for the Illinois Militia during the War of 1812. From here, for months at a time, Governor Ninian Edwards administered the affairs . . . — — Map (db m202080) HM
The Goshen Road was one of the main arteries of travel in the early 1800's, when Illinois was frontier country. The road ran in a northwesterly direction from Shawneetown to Edwardsville -- a distance of more than 150 miles. Shawneetown and . . . — — Map (db m138859) HM
Charles Samuel Deneen, Illinois' 23rd governor, was born in Edwardsville in 1863. Deneen was raised in nearby Lebanon, where he graduated from McKendree College (now McKendree University) in 1882. He later attended Union College of Law in Chicago . . . — — Map (db m182840) HM
Site of the courthouse where, in 1824, political enemies convicted Governor Edward Coles of illegally freeing his slaves. "To preserve to a continuous line of generations that liberty obtained by the valor of our forefathers, we must make . . . — — Map (db m143182) HM
Edward Coles, the second governor of Illinois, was born into one of the wealthiest families in Virginia in 1786 and graduated from William & Mary. Although raised on a plantation, Coles was an anti-slavery advocate who persistently urged Presidents . . . — — Map (db m182845) HM
John Reynolds, Illinois' fourth governor, was born in Pennsylvania in 1788 to Irish immigrants. His family moved from Pennsylvania to Tennessee to Kaskaskia, IL, and in 1807 to an area known as the Goshen Settlement near Edwardsville. Reynolds . . . — — Map (db m182842) HM
Ninian Edwards, Illinois' third governor, was born in Maryland in 1775. Edwards attended college in Pennsylvania but left to study law in Kentucky, where he became chief justice of the Kentucky Court of Appeals in 1807. Edwards moved to Illinois in . . . — — Map (db m182844) HM
205 entries matched your criteria. The first 100 are listed above. Next 100 ⊳