“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Frederick County, Maryland

Clickable Map of Frederick County, Maryland and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Frederick County, MD (548) Carroll County, MD (196) Howard County, MD (142) Montgomery County, MD (714) Washington County, MD (864) Adams County, PA (1393) Franklin County, PA (210) Loudoun County, VA (335)  FrederickCounty(548) Frederick County (548)  CarrollCounty(196) Carroll County (196)  HowardCounty(142) Howard County (142)  MontgomeryCounty(714) Montgomery County (714)  WashingtonCounty(864) Washington County (864)  AdamsCountyPennsylvania(1393) Adams County (1393)  FranklinCounty(210) Franklin County (210)  LoudounCountyVirginia(335) Loudoun County (335)
Frederick is the county seat for Frederick County
Adjacent to Frederick County, Maryland
      Carroll County (196)  
      Howard County (142)  
      Montgomery County (714)  
      Washington County (864)  
      Adams County, Pennsylvania (1393)  
      Franklin County, Pennsylvania (210)  
      Loudoun County, Virginia (335)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Maryland, Frederick County, Adamstown — Carroll's Mill
Stone structure nearby was flour mill built in 1812 by Charles Carroll of Carrollton (1737-1832), wealthy landowner and signer of the Declaration of Independence. Site was within his 17,000-acre wilderness tract called "Carrollton Manor." He deeded . . . Map (db m10449) HM
2Maryland, Frederick County, Adamstown — Carrollton ManorGreen Corn March — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
On Saturday, September 6, 1862, the Army of Northern Virginia was spread along the entire length of Buckeystown Turnpike all the way to Frederick. The soldiers camped in the fields on either side of the road on the evenings of September 5-6, and by . . . Map (db m152272) HM
3Maryland, Frederick County, Adamstown — 314 — Jackson's Command
C.S.A. Jackson's Command Maj. Gen. Thomas J. Jackson, Commanding. (September 15-16, 1862.) Gen. Jackson, with Ewell's and Jackson's Divisions, left Harpers Ferry late in the afternoon of September 15th, reached Sharpsburg on the morning of the . . . Map (db m185586) HM
4Maryland, Frederick County, Ballenger Creek — A Bold PlanMonocacy National Battlefield — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
In June 1864, Union Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant was intent on destroying Confederate General Robert E. Lee's army at Petersburg, Virginia. Lee saw an opportunity to capture undefended Washington, D.C. He sent Lieutenant General Jubal A. . . . Map (db m213594) HM
5Maryland, Frederick County, Ballenger Creek — A Crossroads of HistoryMonocacy National Battlefield — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Roads are a record of those who have gone before. —Rebecca Solnit
Monocacy has always served as an important crossroads. Here, you'll travel along the same routes used by Civil War soldiers and . . . Map (db m213596) HM
6Maryland, Frederick County, Ballenger Creek — Caring for the RiverMonocacy National Battlefield — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The care of rivers is not a question of rivers, but of the human heart. — Tanaka Shozo
The Monocacy River is the heart of the Monocacy National Battlefield. The care and protection of the river . . . Map (db m213601) HM
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7Maryland, Frederick County, Braddock Heights — Hagan’s TavernIf walls could talk..
The National Road has borne witness to many notorious comings and goings. The quiet atmosphere you’ll find at Hagan’s Tavern today is quite different from the raucous bawdiness of yesteryear. This tavern was a “place where the old bloats of . . . Map (db m167094) HM
8Maryland, Frederick County, Braddock Heights — The Braddock-Washington Monument
In April 1755, Frederick Town was a planning center for a major campaign in the French and Indian War (175-1763). General Edward Braddock arrived from England and later 1,400 British Troops joined him to stop the French from taking land claimed by . . . Map (db m68946) HM
9Maryland, Frederick County, Braddock Heights — The Catoctin Mountain Range
The Catoctin Mountain Range is the eastern most mountain range of the Blue Ridge Mountains - a part of the Appalachian Mountain Range. The geological structure of the mountain primarily consists of metabasaltic greenstone with rock samples that date . . . Map (db m211945) HM
10Maryland, Frederick County, Braddock Heights — This Boulder Marks the National TrailGeneral Braddock Monument
This boulder marks the National Trail over which traveled Gen. Edward Braddock and Lieutenant Colonel George Washington 1755.Map (db m22275) HM
11Maryland, Frederick County, Brunswick — Aqueduct Stones
Because so many aqueduct stones were lost over the years, replacement stones were needed for the restoration in 2010-11. Beside this panel are an original stone and a new stone to be seen and touched. Note the tooled finish on the stone faces. . . . Map (db m101015) HM
12Maryland, Frederick County, Brunswick — BerlinChesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior — Reported damaged
First called Berlin, later Barry, and finally named Brunswick in 1890, the town's fortunes fluctuated with the times. The canal was built here in 1834 and a large gristmill, powered by canal water, was built on the canal across from the towpath. . . . Map (db m4333) HM
13Maryland, Frederick County, Brunswick — BrunswickFormerly Berlin — Gettysburg Campaign —
Union troops pursuing the Confederate army to Virginia after the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863 crossed the Potomac River here. Called Berlin at the time of the Civil War, this town truly experienced the challenges of life on the border. Both . . . Map (db m1863) HM
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14Maryland, Frederick County, Brunswick — BrunswickChesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The area now known as Brunswick was prime for growth for over a century before the C&O Canal reached this location in 1834. Originally the site of a trading post and ferry, the water crossing here provided a route for settlers heading west into . . . Map (db m61864) HM
15Maryland, Frederick County, Brunswick — BrunswickCanal Towns
The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad The Railroad… Past and Present The railroad arrived in 1834, but its major impact on the town of Berlin (as it was then known) occurred fifty years later when the Baltimore & Ohio (B&O) . . . Map (db m103428) HM
16Maryland, Frederick County, Brunswick — Brunswick River Mural2015
Brunswick Incorporated – April 8, 1890 The Brunswick River mural celebrates 125 years of hard work and perseverance by citizens of our community in order to maintain and advance the City of Brunswick. Originally known to the Susquehannock . . . Map (db m103431) HM
17Maryland, Frederick County, Brunswick — Catoctin AqueductChesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Today towpath hikers and bikers need a bridge to cross the Catoctin Creek here. Many decades ago canal boats needed a bridge too. The Catoctin Aqueduct, completed in 1834, served the canal until 1924. Imagine the scene here in the late 1800s - . . . Map (db m101305) HM
18Maryland, Frederick County, Brunswick — Explore a Trail NetworkChesapeake and Ohio Canal Towpath: Brunswick Maryland — Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Historical Park, National Park Service, Department of the Interior —
Hike and bike from Pittsburgh to the Chesapeake Bay. You are standing on the part of the Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail. Explore the Potomac River, Chesapeake Bay, and the Allegheny Highlands on this trail network that includes both land . . . Map (db m197955) HM
19Maryland, Frederick County, Brunswick — Fall and Rise of an Aqueduct
In 1834, the Catoctin Creek Aqueduct at Mile 51.5 opened a critical link in one of America's pioneering transportation corridors. One of eleven aqueducts, it was often called the most beautiful aqueduct on the line. After the C&O Canal ceased . . . Map (db m101028) HM
20Maryland, Frederick County, Brunswick — From Dirt Path to Main StreetBrunswick
By 1787, Leonard Smith laid out the town of Berlin in 96 lots, most of which were half acre in size. Geographic location made this locale a natural transportation crossroads. Settlers and merchants traveled to and through the new town to utilize . . . Map (db m103437) HM
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21Maryland, Frederick County, Brunswick — Gordon N. Wakefield
. . . Map (db m197952) HM
22Maryland, Frederick County, Brunswick — Iraq / Afghanistan Veterans MemorialDuty ★ Honor ★ Country
For those who proudly served in Iraq / Afghanistan 2001 - 2021 Map (db m197996) WM
23Maryland, Frederick County, Brunswick — M-5 "JEB Stuart" Tank
In 1921, a group of Veterans built and dedicated this park to honor WWI Veterans. Originally, a WWI Howitzer Cannon was located on this concrete pedestal. The citizens of Brunswick were called upon to donate the cannon for the WWII scrap drive. The . . . Map (db m26716) HM
24Maryland, Frederick County, Brunswick — Old Berlin CemeteryAlso Known as Old Lutheran Cemetery
This is the earliest known cemetery in the city of Brunswick. Historical records indicate burials here from 1799 or earlier. The oldest standing gravestone is marked "M.C. 1810." Most of the recorded burials took place between 1890 and 1910. The . . . Map (db m173616) HM
25Maryland, Frederick County, Brunswick — One Time RivalsB&O Railroad and C&O Canal
The Brunswick Railroad Museum and the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historic Park Visitor Center exist side by side today, just as the transportation modes did when first arriving here in 1834. However, the early relationship between canal and . . . Map (db m60881) HM
26Maryland, Frederick County, Brunswick — Stones Reunited
Most of the Catoctin Creek Aqueduct collapsed in 1973. For decades it had endured erosion, winter freezing, the battering of floating logs, and the sheer force of floodwaters. Some stones washed downstream and were lost. This outstanding . . . Map (db m101303) HM
27Maryland, Frederick County, Brunswick — The Beautiful Aqueduct
The Catoctin Aqueduct, or "Aqueduct No. 3," ranks as one of the premiere stone structures on the C&O Canal. Aqueducts carried the canal's waters over creeks and rivers, allowing boats to float safely above the sometimes turbulent waters below. . . . Map (db m101016) HM
28Maryland, Frederick County, Brunswick — Train No. 286 Bell Memorial
(below the window) Preserve the memory of train crew by ringing this bell for Ricky, Jimmy and Jim. (above the window) The bricks which make up the base of the bell memorial came from the B & O roundhouse that once stood in . . . Map (db m1981) HM
29Maryland, Frederick County, Brunswick — Veterans Memorial
This flagpole is dedicated to America[']s military past, present and future [Dedicated] July 6, 2003Map (db m103426) WM
30Maryland, Frederick County, Brunswick — Water PowerChesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior — Reported damaged
Canal water was an important ingredient in the production of "C.F. Wenner's Choice Family Flour." Brunswick businessman Charles F. Wenner drew surplus water from the canal near Lock 30 to power the wheels and turbines of his flour mill. Wenner . . . Map (db m4334) HM
31Maryland, Frederick County, Brunswick — Welcome to Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park TRACK TrailChesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Things to Know Before You Go The Brunswick TRACK Trail is 0.8 miles one way (1.6 miles round trip) from this kiosk to milepost 56. The trail follows the path of the original towpath of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. Along the . . . Map (db m197953) HM
32Maryland, Frederick County, Buckeystown — “Carrollton”
Patented for 10,000 acres to Charles and Daniel Carroll, Mary and Ellinor Carroll 1st April 1724. It was from this tract that Charles Carroll assumed the title “Charles Carroll of Carrollton” when signing the Declaration of Independence.Map (db m213046) HM
33Maryland, Frederick County, Buckeystown — Buckeystown
This street scene photo taken on the bridge crossing Rocky Fountain Creek around 1870, clearly shows the three white tannery buildings on the east side of Buckeystown Pike. The tanning of animal hides was the town's earliest industry. The red brick . . . Map (db m19385) HM
34Maryland, Frederick County, Buckeystown — Buckeystown ParkSoldiers’ Shortcake — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
On the south end of this park, the road from Urbana to Buckeystown crossed the Monocacy River over a stone bridge. Some of the Confederate troops camped here on September 6, 1862, while some crossed the bridge to bivouac on a knoll overlooking the . . . Map (db m1737) HM
35Maryland, Frederick County, Buckeystown — Site of Buckeystown Methodist Episcopal Church
To your left is a street scene of the intersection in Buckeystown around 1899. The house immediately on your left was built around 1898 as the residence for the superintendent of the Buckingham School for Boys, located south of town (now . . . Map (db m90488) HM
36Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — “Sealed With Their Lives”
Just before the Confederate line along Mountain Church Road gave way, Brigadier General Howell Cobb arrived in Crampton’s Gap with his Georgia and North Carolina troops. After meeting with Colonel Thomas Munford, who had been directing the battle, . . . Map (db m2060) HM
37Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4-6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. George . . . Map (db m1958) HM
38Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Bartlett Leads the Way
Colonel Joseph J. Bartlett, the Commander of the Second Brigade of Franklin’s First Division, found himself in a curious position. As a brigade commander, Bartlett chose both the field across which Franklin’s Corps would attack and the formation . . . Map (db m2151) HM
39Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Battle for Crampton’s Gap“Sealed With Their Lives” — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
The Battle of South Mountain struck Crampton’s Gap late in the afternoon of September 14, 1862, when Union Gen. William B. Franklin finally ordered an attack against Confederate Gen. Lafayette McLaws’s force here. As the Confederate defensive line . . . Map (db m1909) HM
40Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Brownsville Pass: Semmes’ Gamble
General Robert E. Lee directed Major General Lafayette McLaws to close in on the Federal garrison at Harper’s Ferry via Elk Ridge, west of South Mountain. McLaws’ route from Frederick took him through Middletown, where he turned southwest on the . . . Map (db m153126) HM
41Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Burial: A Most Disagreeable Task
The treatment of soldiers killed in action depended on which army held the battlefield after the guns fell silent. At South Mountain a few men from each Union regiment were assigned to burial details. To prevent the spread of disease, they lined up . . . Map (db m2145) HM
42Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — BurkittsvilleHouses of Worship Become Houses of Misery — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
Union surgeons turned Burkittsville, a quiet rural village of some 200 people, into a hospital complex after the September 14, 1862, Battle of Crampton’s Gap. The building in front of you, the German Reformed Church, was Hospital D. . . . Map (db m190155) HM
43Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Burkittsville: Henry Burkitt’s Town
The first settlers in this area cleared their farm land and raised their families along two Indian trails that crossed here. Joshua Harley, one of these pioneers and a veteran of the American Revolution, started the settlement’s first dry goods . . . Map (db m190153) HM
44Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Chew’s Ashby Artillery
Captain R. Preston Chew organized Chew’s Ashby Artillery, the first “horse artillery” in the Confederate army, in November 1861. He named it for Colonel Turner Ashby. Chew’s battery boasted a 3 in ordinance rifle, a 12-pounder smoothbore . . . Map (db m168571) HM
45Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Cobb’s Brigade McLaw’s Division C.S.A.Lt. Col. Jefferson M. Lamar & Cobb's Georgia Legion
Cobb’s Brigade McLaw’s Division C.S.A. ———— At 1 P.M. on September 14, 1862, Cobb’s Brigade under Gen. Howell Cobb of Athens, GA. marched from Sandy Hook to Brownsville at the west foot of . . . Map (db m1964) HM
46Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Cobbled Stagecoach Stop
This cobbled stagecoach stop is a reconstruction of the original 19th century feature discovered during streetscape improvements by the Maryland State Highway Administration in 2000. It is a reminder of Burkittsville's important history as an early . . . Map (db m143949) HM
47Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Cobb's Georgia LegionSouth Mountain State Battlefield — Crampton's Gap Trail —
"It was here that so many of the Legion were killed and taken prisoners. When once over the fence there was no escape. Surrender or utter annihilation were the only alternatives." Southern Confederacy, Atlanta GA, September 30, 1862 . . . Map (db m158629) HM
48Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — C.P. 5 — Confederate ForcesMunford’s Brigade and Mahone’s Brigade
Confederate Forces Col. T. T. Munford, 2nd Virginia Cavalry, Commanding, Munford’s Brigade, 2nd & 12th Virginia Cavalry. Mahone’s Brigade, Lt. Col. Wm. A. Parham, 41st Virginia, Commanding. 6th, 12th, 16th, 41st, and 61st Virginia Infantry . . . Map (db m2045) HM
49Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — C.P. 1 — Crampton’s Pass Tablet C.P. 1
Between September 4th and 7th, 1862, the Army of Northern Virginia, General Robert E. Lee, Commanding, crossed the Potomac near Leesburg, and occupied Frederick, Maryland. On the 10th a movement was made to surround and capture the Union forces at . . . Map (db m2020) HM
50Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — C.P. 3 — Crampton’s Pass Tablet C.P. 3
(September 14, 1862) Upon the approach of the Sixth Corps, Army of the Potomac, from Jefferson, Col. T. T. Munford, Commanding Cavalry Brigade, prepared to dispute its advance through this Pass. Mahone’s Brigade, Lt. Col. Parham, Commanding, was . . . Map (db m2023) HM
51Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Defeat Turns To Route (sic)South Mountain State Battlefield — Crampton's Gap Trail —
“I fired into the head of the column. I cut their colors down and I think I must have killed several of them. They come very nigh getting me several times.” Edgar Richardson, Troup Artillery September 14, 1862 was not a good day for . . . Map (db m158560) HM
52Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — First New Jersey Brigade
1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th Infantry and Hexamer’s Battery September 14, 1862 Late in the afternoon the brigade advanced from the fields north and west of Burkittsville, charged up the mountain, carried this point and followed the enemy to the . . . Map (db m2061) HM
53Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Forest of NeedwoodEstate of Governor Thomas Sim Lee — 1745-1819 —
Member Maryland Convention 1775 Signer Association of Freemen Governor of Maryland 1779-82, 1792-4 Delegate Continental Congress 1783-4 Member state convention which ratified the Constitution 1788.Map (db m58776) HM
54Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — GATH: The Man and His Mountain
George Alfred Townsend, known by his pen name of “GATH,” was born in Georgetown, Delaware, in 1841. One of the youngest and most renowned special correspondents of his time, he reported on politics and war in both the . . . Map (db m2038) HM
55Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Gath's Empty Tomb
During the 19th century few people bought burial lots in public cemeteries as we do today. Instead, a small parcel of their own land was usually set aside as a private cemetery. If enough money was available, a mausoleum (tomb) was often built for . . . Map (db m60905) HM
56Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — George Alfred TownsendA Man and His Mountain — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
None of the structures you see here in Crampton’s Gap existed during the battle on September 14, 1862. George Alfred Townsend constructed all the stone buildings and walls, as well as the Correspondents’ Arch, between 1884 and 1896. Townsend, . . . Map (db m1931) HM
57Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — C.P. 2 — Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws' Command
C. S. A. Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws' Command (September 12-13, 1862) McLaws’ Command consisted of Kershaw’s, Barksdale’s, Semmes’ and Cobb’s Brigades of his own Division and R. H. Anderson’s Division of six Brigades-Wilcox’s, Mahone’s, . . . Map (db m2021) HM
58Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Maryland Campaign of 1862 / The Lost Orders
(Left Side) On September 4, 1862, General Robert E. Lee, hoping to shorten the war by winning a decisive victory on Northern soil, crossed the Potomac River into Maryland. Lee planned to draw the Army of the Potomac through South Mountain into . . . Map (db m2039) HM
59Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — 6 — MausoleumGathland State Park — Walking Tour Stop 6 —
Townsend regarded Gapland as a lasting monument to himself and his craft and wanted to rest here for all time. Townsend designed and erected his Mausoleum in 1895. Its four vaults were intended to house his remains and those of his wife and parents. . . . Map (db m65854) HM
60Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Medal of Honor Recipients
In July 1862 Congress authorized the president to present medals to soldiers of the United States Army for gallant and meritorious service. On September 14, 1862, two soldiers so distinguished themselves during the fighting at Crampton’s Gap that . . . Map (db m2152) HM
61Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Mell Rifles & Troup Light Artillery
(Front Side): The Mell Rifles, Co. D, Cobb’s Legion Infantry, was raised in Athens, GA. in July 1861, by Patrick Hues Mell, Baptist minster and Vice Chancellor of the University of Georgia. After Mell resigned due to his wife’s death, . . . Map (db m2044) HM
62Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Padgett’s Field: Confederate Last Stand
On September 14, 1862, this area was an open field belonging to George W. Padgett. A wooden, rail fence lined the road on the east. A low, stone wall bordered the field to the west. As the shattered remnants of Brigadier General Howell Cobb’s force . . . Map (db m2144) HM
63Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — C.P. 4 — Sixth Army Corps
U. S. A. Sixth Army Corps. Major Gen. W. B. Franklin, Commanding (September 14, 1862) The Sixth Corps consisted of two Divisions commanded by Major Generals H. W. Slocum and W. F. Smith. On the march of the Army of the Potomac through Maryland, . . . Map (db m2024) HM
64Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — The 15th North CarolinaSouth Mountain State Battlefield — Crampton's Gap Trail —
“As the enemy pressed on the right the Fifteenth took position behind a rock fence, with instructions to hold it, which they did until the enemy succeeded in forcing the Georgia regiments (which formed the right of the brigade) back and . . . Map (db m159933) HM
65Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — The Battle of Crampton's GapSouth Mountain State Battlefield — Crampton's Gap Trail —
"At about ten o'clock we saw the first of the Yankee host about three miles away, approaching our gap cautiously and slowly. As they drew near the whole country seemed to be full of bluecoats. They were so numerous that it looked as if they were . . . Map (db m158440) HM
66Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — The Battle of South Mountain
In September, 1862, after the second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee led his victorious Confederates on their first invasion of the North. At Frederick, Md. he boldly divided his army. Three columns (No. 1) were to surround and capture the . . . Map (db m2032) HM
67Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — The Confusion of BattleSouth Mountain State Battlefield — Crampton's Gap Trail —
"The charge was maintained to the top of the mountain, up an almost perpendicular steep, over rocks and ledges, through the underbrush and timber, until the crest, overlooking the valley beyond, was gained." Colonel Joseph J. . . . Map (db m204508) HM
68Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — The Hamilton Willard Shafer Farm
The house served as Union Gen. William B. Franklin's 6th Corps Headquarters on the afternoon of September 14th, 1862 during the Battle of Crampton's Gap. Owned by the Burkittsville Preservation Association, Inc. a 501c3 non-profit, 2 West . . . Map (db m173630) HM
69Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — The Stage is Set
On the evening of September 13, 1862, Confederate cavalry under Brigadier General Wade Hampton and Colonel Thomas Munford occupied the Crampton’s Gap/Burkittsville vicinity. Early on the 14th, Major General J.E.B. Stuart, en route to Harpers Ferry, . . . Map (db m2150) HM
70Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — Troup Light Artillery
Organized in 1858 as the National Artillery, this unit changed its name to the Troup Light Artillery in honor of the former Georgia governor George W. Troup. It became a part of Cobb’s Legion when the war began. During the Maryland Campaign, the . . . Map (db m2143) HM
71Maryland, Frederick County, Burkittsville — War CorrespondentsMemorial Arch
Speed - Heed Sept. 14 - 62 - 96 To the Army Correspondents and Artists 1861-65 Whose toils cheered the fireside Educated provinces of rustics into a bright nation of readers and gave incentive to narrate distant wars and . . . Map (db m13977) HM
72Maryland, Frederick County, Catoctin Furnace — 4 — A Diverse and Skilled WorkforceCatoctin Furnace African American Cemetery Interpretive Trail
“A little group of them gathered around me at the top of the furnace opening...they wept very much because they were bound to work so hard during the week as well as on Sunday in the iron smelter and thus were seldom able to hear the Word of . . . Map (db m184360) HM
73Maryland, Frederick County, Catoctin Furnace — 4 — Bowstring Arch Bridge
Originally spanning Big Pipe Creek in Detour, Carrol County, Maryland, this Bowstring Arch Bridge, circa 1872, was reduced in width and moved to its present site over Little Hunting Creek. Patented in the early 1840’s by internationally known . . . Map (db m184500) HM
74Maryland, Frederick County, Catoctin Furnace — Harriet ChapelCirca 1828
A picturesque fieldstone chapel built as a memorial to Harriet McPherson Brien, wife of John Brien, owner of Catoctin Iron Furnace. Harriet Chapel would become a place of worship for members of the Episcopal Church in 1833. Most church services were . . . Map (db m184185) HM
75Maryland, Frederick County, Catoctin Furnace — Ironmaster's MansionLife and Work Within these Walls — Catoctin Furnace Iron Trail —
The ruins before you are the remains of a mansion, built ca. 1785 and known for centuries as the Ironmaster's Mansion or Catoctin Manor. The enormous house was surrounded by out-buildings, including quarters for the enslaved domestic servants and a . . . Map (db m184329) HM
76Maryland, Frederick County, Catoctin Furnace — Prosperity and Power Reported permanently removed
The ruins of the Catoctin Manor are a symbol of the wealth and aristocracy originating from early industrial America. Brothers James and Thomas Johnson established Catoctin Furnace in 1774, which was highly successful in producing pig iron. Thomas . . . Map (db m184255) HM
77Maryland, Frederick County, Catoctin Furnace — 5 — Raceway and Dam
Parts of Little Hunting Creek were diverted to suit the needs of the iron furnace and surrounding businesses. You are overlooking the emergency spillway which diverted excess water to Little Hunting Creek. The dam is in the background and the . . . Map (db m184362) HM
78Maryland, Frederick County, Catoctin Furnace — 6 — Ruins of the Ironmaster’s House
(Climbing among the ruins is dangerous, damages your historic resources and it prohibited.) One a magnificent house, the ironmaster’s mansion was an imposing structure that gave the furnace manager an overview of the furnace complex. The . . . Map (db m184250) HM
79Maryland, Frederick County, Catoctin Furnace — 7 — Secondary Industries and the Mill PondCatoctin Furnace African American Cemetery Interpretive Trail
At the height of his operation, Kunkel (who owned the furnace from 1856 to 1885) employed about five hundred men in the various operations, including mining, charcoaling, operation of the furnaces, sawmill, gristmill, store, farms, ore railroad, . . . Map (db m184651) HM
80Maryland, Frederick County, Catoctin Furnace — 3 — Slag Heaps
(The slag you see is an historic resource, Please, do not remove any of it.) The mounds you see around you are the furnace's waste product slag. When iron ore, is superheated in the furnace and fluxed with limestone, the molton iron sinks and . . . Map (db m184496) HM
81Maryland, Frederick County, Dickerson — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4–6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. . . . Map (db m4028) HM
82Maryland, Frederick County, Dickerson — Gettysburg CampaignInvasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through . . . Map (db m4033) HM
83Maryland, Frederick County, Dickerson — Sugarloaf MountainA Signalman’s Lot — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
You are at the foot of Sugarloaf Mountain, where on September 5-6, 1862, Union observers watched the Army of Northern Virginia cross the Potomac River to invade Maryland. A signal station had been established here in the summer of 1861, one in a . . . Map (db m147010) HM
84Maryland, Frederick County, Emmitsburg — "To Lift a Nation"
Three firemen raised a flag at ground zero in silent tribute to those brave firefighters who answered the call. This noble flag is raised permanently in honor of those heroes and all who serve this great nation. May God continue to bless America! . . . Map (db m19023) HM
85Maryland, Frederick County, Emmitsburg — 137 South Seton Avenue
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m147283) HM
86Maryland, Frederick County, Emmitsburg — 306 West Main Street
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Departments of the InteriorMap (db m130247) HM
87Maryland, Frederick County, Emmitsburg — Amleto Cardinal CicognaniNational Shrine of Our Lady of Lourdes
In Memoriam Amleto Cardinal Cicognani Apostolic delegate to the United States 1933-1958 Cardinal Secretary of State 1958-1973 Under Pope John XXIII - Paul VI While serving as apostolic delegate to the United States Amleto . . . Map (db m166875) HM
88Maryland, Frederick County, Emmitsburg — Army of the PotomacJuly 1 1863
First Corps Marched from Marsh Run. Eleventh Corps from Emmitsburg to Gettysburg. Second Corps from Uniontown via Taneytown to near Gettysburg. Third Corps from Bridgeport via Emmitsburg to the Field of Gettysburg. Fifth Corps from Union Mills via . . . Map (db m19296) HM
89Maryland, Frederick County, Emmitsburg — Army of the PotomacJuly 4, 1863
First and Second Brigades, First Cavalry Division marched from Westminster and the Reserve Cavalry, First Cavalry Division from Gettysburg en route to Frederick. Second Brigade Second Cavalry Division from Westminster via Emmitsburg to Monterey. . . . Map (db m19298) HM
90Maryland, Frederick County, Emmitsburg — Coaches James G. Deegan and James J. Phelan
Universitas Sanctae Mariae Ad Montes Marylandia Fundata Ab Joanne DuBois This boulder honors Coaches James G. Deegan and James J. Phelan for their combined century of dedicated service to Mount St. Mary's University. For over five decades . . . Map (db m7743) HM
91Maryland, Frederick County, Emmitsburg — Cornerstone of the Old Church on the Hill
Laid by Father John DuBois in 1807.Map (db m19028) HM
92Maryland, Frederick County, Emmitsburg — Corpus Christi Chapel
Built in 1906. Replaces the Old Grotto, 1808 - 1906.Map (db m19030) HM
93Maryland, Frederick County, Emmitsburg — Daughters of Charity"O, it was beyond description" — Gettysburg Campaign — Reported permanently removed
Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton founded the Roman Catholic community of the Sisters of Charity of Saint Joseph's here in 1809 (after 1850, called Daughters of Charity). The sisters played a prominent role during the Civil War as nurses and human service . . . Map (db m9483) HM
94Maryland, Frederick County, Emmitsburg — Daughters of Charity
. . . Map (db m147292) HM
95Maryland, Frederick County, Emmitsburg — Daughters of Charity"O, it was beyond description" — Gettysburg Campaign —
Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton founded the Roman Catholic community of the Sisters of Charity of Saint Joseph's here in 1809 (in1 1850, merged with the Daughters of Charity). The sisters played a prominent role during the Civil War as nurses and . . . Map (db m147294) HM
96Maryland, Frederick County, Emmitsburg — EmmitsburgRoad to Gettysburg
President Abraham Lincoln replaced Army of the Potomac commander Gen. Joseph Hooker with Gen. George G. Meade on June 28, 1863, as the army pursued Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. Meade placed Gen. John F. Reynolds, I Corps . . . Map (db m1546) HM
97Maryland, Frederick County, Emmitsburg — EmmitsburgSacred Mountain Sanctuary — Catoctin Mountain Towns & Communities —
After playing host to native peoples for centuries, Catoctin Mountain has served home to European settlers since the 1730's. Among the first to come to what was considered "the backlands of the province," were descendants of English Catholics who . . . Map (db m130244) HM
98Maryland, Frederick County, Emmitsburg — EmmitsburgFiretown U.S.A.
Emmitsburg has become known as “Firetown U.S.A.” because of its unique position in the world of fire and emergency services. Thousands of fire and emergency service personnel visit Emmitsburg every year to learn for the future and to pay tribute to . . . Map (db m137491) HM
99Maryland, Frederick County, Emmitsburg — EmmitsburgSacred Mountain Sanctuary
After playing host to native peoples for centuries, Catoctin Mountain has served home to European settlers since the 1730’s. Among the first to come to what was considered “the backlands of the province” were descendants of English Catholics who had . . . Map (db m203969) HM
100Maryland, Frederick County, Emmitsburg — Emmitsburg Longrifles
The longrifle was a distinctly American weapon developed on the frontier for accuracy and distance. Produced mainly in Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia, it became known as the “Kentucky” rifle after a popular song commemorated its use by a . . . Map (db m1532) HM

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Feb. 7, 2023