“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Richland County, South Carolina

Clickable Map of Richland County, South Carolina and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Richland County, SC (325) Calhoun County, SC (16) Fairfield County, SC (34) Kershaw County, SC (100) Lexington County, SC (60) Newberry County, SC (40) Sumter County, SC (67)  RichlandCounty(325) Richland County (325)  CalhounCounty(16) Calhoun County (16)  FairfieldCounty(34) Fairfield County (34)  KershawCounty(100) Kershaw County (100)  LexingtonCounty(60) Lexington County (60)  NewberryCounty(40) Newberry County (40)  SumterCounty(67) Sumter County (67)
Columbia is the county seat for Richland County
Adjacent to Richland County, South Carolina
      Calhoun County (16)  
      Fairfield County (34)  
      Kershaw County (100)  
      Lexington County (60)  
      Newberry County (40)  
      Sumter County (67)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1South Carolina, Richland County, Blythewood — 40-162 — Bethel Baptist Church
Bethel Baptist Church was founded in 1884 by black members of nearby Sandy Level Baptist Church seeking to organize a separate congregation. They met at first in a brush arbor, then built a frame sanctuary here in 1892. It was covered in granite . . . Map (db m43391) HM
2South Carolina, Richland County, Blythewood — 40-210 — Blythewood School
The first school built here c.1890 was a two-room frame building that was replaced c.1918 by a two-story brick school. In 1921 another classroom building and an auditorium were added. The federal Works Progress Administration helped fund several . . . Map (db m138341) HM
3South Carolina, Richland County, Blythewood — 40-135 — George P. Hoffman House
(Front text) This house was built ca. 1855 for George P. Hoffman (1829-1902), a native of N.C. Hoffman ran a nearby sawmill and became the first postmaster of Doko (as Blythewood was first known) in 1856. This area was part of Fairfield . . . Map (db m42607) HM
4South Carolina, Richland County, Blythewood — 40-201 — Little Zion Baptist Church
The congregation at Little Zion dates to c. 1832, when enslaved individuals worshipped in white-controlled churches. After emancipation, these former slaves founded independent congregations like this one. A group led by Doctor Entzminger purchased . . . Map (db m123500) HM
5South Carolina, Richland County, Blythewood — 40-137 — Sandfield Baptist Church / Sandfield Cemetery
Sandfield Baptist Church Twenty-Five Mile Creek Church, a Primitive Baptist congregation, was organized in this area before 1772. It was renamed Sandfield Church by ca. 1830 and the mother church for Cedar Creek, Harmony, Jackson Creek, and . . . Map (db m43103) HM
6South Carolina, Richland County, Blythewood — 40-138 — Sandy Level Baptist Church
(Front text) Twenty-Five Mile Creek Church, a Primitive Baptist congregation, was organized in this area before 1772. The mother church for several area Baptist churches, it was renamed Sandfield ca. 1830 and stood about 3 mi. E. Sandfield . . . Map (db m42996) HM
Paid Advertisement
7South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-4 — "Chesnut Cottage"
Temporary wartime home of Gen. and Mrs. James Chesnut. Here they entertained Jefferson Davis, president, C. S. A., and his staff, October 5, 1864. President Davis addressed the citizens of Columbia from the front steps of this cottage.Map (db m27960) HM
8South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-3 — "Commissioners' Oak"
In April 1786 Alexander Gillon, Henry Pendleton, Richard Winn, Richard Hampton, and Thomas Taylor, Commissioners appointed to lay out Columbia, are said to have met under an oak which grew near here. According to tradition the first court and jury . . . Map (db m46449) HM
9South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — "The Spirit of the American Doughboy "E. M. Viquesney
(Right panel) World War I was largly fought in trenches six feet deep along the Western Front which extended nearly four hundred miles, from Northern France to the French-Swiss border. Enemy trenches were close by and seperated from . . . Map (db m43912) WM
10South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — "The Spirit of the American Doughboy"
Dedicated to The Memory Of Our Comrades Who Gave Their Lives In The World War ----------------- Presented by The people of the Pacific Community November 11, 1930 (Followed by list of 11 names) (Reverse side) . . . Map (db m42065) WM
11South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40 214 — Edwards v. S.C.
On March 2, 1961, over 200 African American college and high school students marched 6 blocks from Zion Baptist Church to the S.C. State House in an NAACP-organized protest of racial segregation. Led by Benedict College theology student David . . . Map (db m210533) HM
12South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 1001 Gervais StreetReclaiming Historic Facades
Preservation efforts in the Congaree Vista have returned historic structures to their 19th- and early-20th century appearances. A perfect example is the ca. 1900 commercial structure changed dramatically for use as an automobile tire store (seen . . . Map (db m134992) HM
13South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-54 — 100th Inf Division
At this site on 15 November 1942, Maj. Gen. W. A. Burress received the 100th Infantry Division colors, marking the official activation of the "Century Division." After a distinguished World War II record in southern France and Germany, the 100th was . . . Map (db m59240) HM
Paid Advertisement
14South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-??1 — 102nd Cavalry
Formed 1890 as the Essex Troop of Lt. Cavalry; mustered into the N.J. National Guard in 1893. After World War I service, became 102nd Cav. in 1921. Reorganized 1940 as 102nd Cav. (Horse- Mechanized); mobilized for active duty in World War II and . . . Map (db m59237) HM
15South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-57 — 106th Inf Division
Near this site on 15 March 1943 the 106th Infantry Division was officially activated and became known as the "Golden Lion Division." Although badly mauled in the "Battle of the Bulge," the division stubbornly continued to fight on. The 106th saw . . . Map (db m59236) HM
16South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-??2 — 108th Division
The “Golden Griffon” Division was created in 1946 as the 108th Airborne Division of the Army Reserve. It was reorganized as an infantry division in 1952, as a training division in 1956, and as an institutional training division in 1993. . . . Map (db m59234) HM
17South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 1896 Power Plant
To meet growing demands for electricity, the Columbia Water and Power Company constructed this power plant, the Columbia Hydro Plant, in 1896. It replaced the 1894 power facility upstream. This Hydro Plant provided power for city lights, . . . Map (db m7351) HM
18South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-212 — 1900 Block of Henderson Street / William J. Sumter
(side 1) 1900 Block of Henderson Street This block features a dense collection of late 19th and early 20th c. houses historically associated with and home to African Americans. Residing here through the mid-1900s were many . . . Map (db m146467) HM
19South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-117 — 26th Inf Division
The "Yankee" Division, which saw extensive combat in World War I, was mobilized for active duty in World War II in January 1941. It trained here in 1942-43 and again in 1944, leaving 16 August 1944 for Europe. As part of 3rd Army the division was . . . Map (db m59251) HM
20South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-55 — 30th Inf Division
(Front text) After a brilliant combat record in World War I and 14 years of dedicated National Guard service, the "Old Hickory" Division was mobilized at Fort Jackson, S. C. on 16 September 1940. During World War II, the 30th Division . . . Map (db m59247) HM
Paid Advertisement
21South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-119 — 31st Inf Division
"It shall be done" The "Dixie" Division, created in 1917, spent most of World War II as a training division, with some units training at Ft. Jackson, but later saw combat in the Philippines 1944-45. The postwar "Dixie" Division, composed . . . Map (db m59248) HM
22South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-96 — 4th Infantry Division
Organized in 1917, the 4th Infantry Division was stationed in this area at Ft. Jackson during World War II and received its final training here for the June 6, 1944 D-Day invasion of Normandy. The division was one of the first on the beaches. The . . . Map (db m59246) HM
23South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-93 — 77th Inf Division
The "Statue of Liberty Division" was reviewed by England's Winston Churchill and President Franklin D. Roosevelt after it was reactivated here in 1942. The 77th fought in World War II Pacific campaigns of Guam, Leyte, Kerama Retto Islands, and . . . Map (db m59252) HM
24South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-56 — 87th Inf Division
Activated at Camp McCain, Miss. in 1942, the "Golden Acorn" Division trained at this site in 1944. The division distinguished itself in the Ardennes, the Rhineland, and Central Europe during the Battle of the Bulge, the assault of the Sauer, . . . Map (db m59253) HM
25South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-98 — 8th Infantry Division
Activated in 1918 and inspected by Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower and Lt. Gen. George S. Patton during World War II, the 8th landed in France 28 days after D-Day (the invasion of Normandy) and participated in three other campaigns during the war. The . . . Map (db m59249) HM
26South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 9 -11 / First Responders
South Carolina Remembers the 2752 victims and 416 First Responders from New York City that gave their lives on September 11, 2001Map (db m50333) HM
27South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — A Bridge to the Past
In 1819 a covered bridge was built to span this part of the Saluda River. Confederate Troops burned the bridge in 1865 hoping to stop the advance of General Sherman's army. The burning didn't halt Sherman -- he ordered the construction of a . . . Map (db m45031) HM
28South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — A Fortunate Survivor
The Woodrow Wilson Family Home is South Carolina's only presidential site and Columbia's earliest example of historic preservation advocacy. Traditionally celebrated for its association with the nation's 28th president, this circa-1871 property also . . . Map (db m134993) HM
29South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — A Tribute To All U.S. Military Personnel On This Day Of Infamy
In memory of the 2403 men who gave their lives in our military forces during the attack on Pearl Harbor and other military bases 7 December 1941 A tribute to all U.S. Military Personnel on this Day Of Infamy . . . Map (db m45075) HM
30South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-183 — A.S. Salley House
(side 1) Alexander Samuel Salley 1871-1961), the historian described as a “walking encyclopedia” of S.C. history, lived here from 1910 until his death. Salley, born in Orangeburg County, was secretary of the S.C. Historical . . . Map (db m72734) HM
31South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — African-American Heroes of the 371st Regiment
In tribute & honor to the gallant African American heroes of of the 371st Infantry Regiment 93rd Division "Colored" of World War I. They were South Carolinians sent into the bloody trenches of World War I. These brave black soldiers survived on . . . Map (db m108821) HM WM
32South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — African-American History Monument
[South Panel]: Gang of 25 Sea Island Cotton and Rice Negroes by Louis De Saussure On Thursday, the 25th Sept., 1852, at 11 o'clock A.M. will be sold by Ryan's Mart, in Chalmers Street, in the City of Charleston, A prime . . . Map (db m50922) HM
33South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-152 — Allen University
(Front) Allen University, chartered in 1880, was founded by the African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church. It had its origin in Payne Institute, founded in 1870 in Cokesbury, in Greenwood County. In 1880 the S.C. Conference of the A.M.E. . . . Map (db m53954) HM
34South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-156 — Alston House
This Greek Revival cottage, built ca. 1872, was the residence and business of Caroline Alston, a black businesswoman who lived and ran a dry goods store here as early as 1873. She purchased the house in 1888, becoming one of the few black business . . . Map (db m138190) HM
35South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — An Enduring Landmark
Columbia was founded as South Carolina's second capital on March 22, 1786. Brothers James and Thomas Taylor owned much of the land that comprised the original city limits, including the tract upon which the Seibels House was erected in 1796.Map (db m134954) HM
36South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Arsenal Hill
Occupying the highest point in downtown Columbia, Arsenal Hill is named for the military academy established here in 1842 as a companion to The Citadel in Charleston. Since the late 1700s, this 30 block neighborhood has been home to black and . . . Map (db m41643) HM
37South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Arsenal Hill
Situated within the two-mile square grid that defined Columbia's original city limits in 1786, Arsenal Hill enjoys the distinction of being one of the second state capital's oldest neighborhoods. Established by the 1820's as a fashionable . . . Map (db m41837) HM
38South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-90 — Assembly Street
In 1786, when Columbia was established as the State Capital, the General Assembly decided that two principal thoroughfares should run perpendicular to each other through the center of town. One of these, Assembly Street, was named for the . . . Map (db m7498) HM
39South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-105 — Barnwell Street
This street is named for General John Barnwell, St. Helena's Parish. He was elected to the Provincial Congress of 1775-76 and to the 1776 General Assembly. A captain in the First Provincial Regiment, he was major, colonel and brigadier general in . . . Map (db m51236) HM
40South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Battleship Maine Memorial
This gun came off the Battleship Maine The Sinking of the Maine resulted in the Spanish American War 1898Map (db m7503) HM
41South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-147 — Benedict College
Front Benedict College, founded in 1870 by the American Baptist Home Mission Society to educate freedmen and their descendants, was originally called Benedict Institute. It was named for Stephen and Bathsheba Benedict of Rhode Island, . . . Map (db m52787) HM
42South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Benjamin Franklin Randolph Monument
. . . Map (db m50962) HM
43South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-207 — Benjamin Mack House
Educator and civil rights leader Benjamin Mack (1916-1970) lived in this house from the late 1950s until his death in 1970. Mack was a graduate of Booker T. Washington H.S. and S.C. State Univ. He taught at Lower Richland H.S. in the 1940s where he . . . Map (db m124523) HM
44South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Benjamin Ryan Tillman
[North]: Born August 11, 1847 - Died July 3, 1918 Married Sallie Starke January 8, 1868 Patriot • Statesman Governor of South Carolina 1890-1894 United States Senate 1895-1918 In the World War, Chairman Senate Committee on . . . Map (db m50899) HM
45South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-191 — Beth Shalom Cemetery
In 1883 members of Columbia’s Jewish community founded the Hebrew Cemetery Society of Columbia as an alternative to the Hebrew Benevolent Society’s cemetery, which had been established in 1822. The organization purchased a 4-acre tract bounded by . . . Map (db m123490) HM
46South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-193 — Beth Shalom Synagogue
Side 1 In 1905 disagreements over religious practices divided members of Columbia’s Tree of Life Synagogue. Jews embracing Orthodoxy formed a new synagogue, which they named Beth Shalom (House of Peace). Meetings were held in a private home . . . Map (db m123492) HM
47South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-150 — Bethel A.M.E. Church Reported missing
(Front text) This church, founded in 1866, was one of the first separate African-American congregations established in Columbia after the Civil War. It met in buildings on Wayne St., at Lincoln & Hampton Sts., and at Sumter & Hampton Sts. . . . Map (db m28074) HM
48South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-123 — Bethel Methodist Church
This church was organized in 1835 in what was then rural Richland District. The first sanctuary here, built soon afterwards, burned in a forest fire in 1867; the cemetery dates from as early as 1862. The second sanctuary, built in 1868, was . . . Map (db m43709) HM
49South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-25 — Birthplace of General Maxcy Gregg
Maxcy Gregg, Confederate General and leader in Southern Rights Movement, was born Aug. 1, 1815 in a house on this site. Member of committee which framed the ordinance of secession, Dec. 1860; Colonel 1st Regiment South Carolina Volunteers; . . . Map (db m21775) HM
50South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-66 — Blanding Street
Originally named Walnut Street, Blanding Street was by 1869 renamed for Abram Blanding, a Massachusetts native who came to Columbia in 1797 to take charge of Columbia Male Academy. Blanding was admitted to the bar in 1802 and served two terms in the . . . Map (db m21823) HM
51South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-78 — Blossom Street
This street is thought to take its name from the cotton blossom. Cotton became an important commercial crop in South Carolina after the cotton gin was patented by Eli Whitney in 1794. A variety of cotton, known as Sea Island cotton and grown along . . . Map (db m21777) HM
52South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-149 — Blossom Street School / Celia Dial Saxon School
Blossom Street School Blossom Street School, at the corner of what was then Blossom & Gates (now Park) Streets, was built in 1898 as the first public school in Columbia south of Senate Street. A frame building, it was originally a school for . . . Map (db m30075) HM
53South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Booker T. Washington High School
Booker T. Washington High School 1916 - 1974   From the day it opened its doors in 1916 Booker T. Washington High School played a major roll in the life of Columbia's black community. Originally a school with all grades, . . . Map (db m58983) HM
54South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-164 — Booker T. Washington School/Booker T. Washington High
Booker T. Washington School The two-story main building at Booker T. Washington School, built in 1916, stood here until 1975. At first an elementary school with grades 1-10, it became Booker T. Washington High School with grades 9-10 in . . . Map (db m123474) HM
55South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Boylston House & Boxwood Gardens
The National Register of Historic Places South Carolina Department of Archives and History: Boylston House & Boxwood GardensMap (db m50930) HM
56South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Bridge at Remagen Stone
This stone was part of the piers supporting the historic Ludendorff Bridge which once spanned the Rhine River at Remagen, Germany. A forward patrol of the US 9th Armored Division captured the bridge in a surprise attack on March 7, 1945, . . . Map (db m59296) HM
57South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — W-8 — Broad River
Early boundary between Cherokee and Catawba Indians. Name first applied about 1745. Faust's Ford, 2 mi. above, used in Revolution. First bridge opened 1829, burned 1865 to delay Sherman's army which crossed on pontoon bridges downstream. Bridge . . . Map (db m123508) HM
58South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-63 — Bull Street
This street was named for Brigadier General Stephen Bull (c. 1733-1800). Grandson of Lt. Gov. William Bull I, Stephen was a member of the Commons House of Assembly, the First Provincial Congress, the First General Assembly. He saw military action in . . . Map (db m21719) HM
59South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-188 — Burning Of Columbia
(side 1) Due to Columbia's strategic value, capture of the city was an objective of the Union Army during the Carolina's Campaign of 1865. By Feb. 15 Union forces had moved to within 4 miles of the city and met opposition from . . . Map (db m114025) HM
60South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-132 — Cain- Matthews- Tompkins House
(Front text) This house, built ca. 1910 for Columbia businessman John Jefferson Cain (1869-1929), was designed by William Augustus Edwards (1866-1939), a prominent regional architect. Cain, who moved to Columbia in 1899, became one of the . . . Map (db m29087) HM
61South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-47 — Camp Jackson
Named in honor of Gen. Andrew Jackson. This cantonment site 1 ½ mi. north was approved by the War Dept. June 2, 1917. Maximum strength was recorded in June 1918: 3,302 officers; 45,402 men. 81st Division was trained here Aug. 29, 1917-May 18, . . . Map (db m30740) HM
62South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-195 — Canal Dime Savings Bank/Bouie v. City of Columbia (1964)
CANAL DIME SAVINGS BANK This three-story building was designed by the noted Columbia architectural firm of W.B. Smith Whaley and Co. Completed in 1895 and featuring a granite facade and red barrel tile roof, the building is a rare example of . . . Map (db m123494) HM
63South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Cap. Swanson Lunsford
Cap. Swanson Lunsford a native of Va. and for many years a resident of Columbia, Died August 7th, 1799. Aged about forty years. He was a member of Lee’s Legion in the eventful period of 76. This humble tribute to his memory has been placed by . . . Map (db m67778) HM
64South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Capitol Complex
[North]: Capitol Complex Dedicated to Robert Evander McNair Governor Of South Carolina 1965-1971 This Complex was Conceived and Planned During His Administration "South Carolinians have a special feeling for this . . . Map (db m50901) HM
65South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-140 — Carver Theatre
Carver Theatre, built about 1941, was one of Columbia’s two exclusively African-American theatres during the segregation era of the mid-20th century. It was run by black operators but owned by the white-owned Dixie Amusement Company for most of its . . . Map (db m53952) HM
66South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Cecil Herbert Land D.D.
Son of Annie Black and Edward H. Lang Born Temple, Texas March 18, 1891 Died Columbia, SC July 9, 1974 Minister in the Presbyterian Church U.S over fifty years. Chaplain in World War I and II. First Chaplain in the . . . Map (db m46395) HM
67South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-11 — Cemetery of the Columbia Hebrew Benevolent Society
In this cemetery, 2½ blocks south, on Gadsden Street, are buried many distinguished Jewish citizens, including two mayors of Columbia: Mordecai Hendricks DeLeon (1791-1849) and Henry Lyons (1805-1858). The Benevolent Society was organized in . . . Map (db m28126) HM
68South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — China - Burma - India Veterans
. . . Map (db m50934) HM
69South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-88 — Church of the Good Shepard
Beginning in 1883 with services held in nearby private homes by Trinity Church, this Episcopal church then constructed a building on Barnwell Street, was organized into a mission, and became a separate parish in 1886. Rt. Rev. Albert S. Thomas, 9th . . . Map (db m28306) HM
70South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Clariosophic Literary SocietyUniversity of South Carolina
Clairosophic Literary Society Founded 1806
"To advance the purpose of useful education by a liberal interchange of sentiments and ideals upon suitable subjects, and for the acquisition of an agreeable and well . . . Map (db m188184) HM
71South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-67 — College Street
This street, originally named Medium Street and part of the original 1786 Columbia Plan, bisected the area which was to be the campus of South Carolina College. The college, established in 1801 by an act of the General Assembly, later became the . . . Map (db m21848) HM
72South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Colonel Thomas Taylor1743 - 1833
This marker honors Colonel Thomas Taylor, Patriot of the American Revolution. It is erected during this bicentennial year of 1976 to commemorate his contribution to the educational, cultural, civic, and religious life of the people of Richland . . . Map (db m51187) HM
73South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-86 — Columbia Bible College
Columbia Bible School classes began in 1923 in the towered building which once stood on this site (originally as Columbia Female College, later as the Colonia Hotel). Under the leadership of its first president, Robert C. McQuilkin, the school grew . . . Map (db m28303) HM
74South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-139 — Columbia Bible College, 1937-1960 / Westervelt Home, 1930 - 1937
(Front Text): Columbia Bible College 1937-1960 In 1937 Columbia Bible College (now Columbia International University) acquired the Ainsley Hall House, designed by Robert Mills. The students housed here were trained for Christian service . . . Map (db m27963) HM
75South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — S-6/40-37 — Columbia Canal
Completed 1824. Important link in the system of waterways transporting freight between the up country and Charleston. Supplanted by railroads for transportation after 1850. Leased to Confederate Government to run powder works. Enlarged . . . Map (db m11319) HM
76South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Columbia City Hall
The National Register of Historic Places South Carolina Department of Archives and History: Columbia City HallMap (db m50960) HM
77South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-196 — Columbia Civil Rights Sit-Ins/Barr v. City of Columbia (1964)
Columbia Civil Rights Sit-Ins. On March 15, 1960 five African American students from Benedict College – Charles Barr, David Carter, Richard Counts, Milton Greene, and Johnny Clark – were arrested after refusing to leave the lunch counter at the . . . Map (db m123495) HM
78South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-213 — Columbia Hospital "Negro Unit" / Columbia Hospital "Negro Nurses"
Columbia Hospital "Negro Unit" Columbia Hospital, est. 1892, opened a segregated wing for African Americans in 1934 at its Hampton St. location. In 1943, it built an expanded "Negro Unit" at the NW corner of Harden and Lady Sts. This 4-story . . . Map (db m158928) HM
79South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Columbia In The 1960'sThe State House And Public Protest — Our Story Matters —
South Carolinians found themselves at a major crossroads during the turbulent 1960s. In rural towns and cities across the state, African Americans and a growing number of white supporters waged public protests, filed lawsuits, and registered . . . Map (db m210539) HM
80South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Columbia SC 63Our Story Matters — Columbia, SC • Civil Rights —
In South Carolina’s capital city, courageous student activists, attorneys, and civil rights organizations waged a campaign to transform our community. Facing stiff opposition, these freedom fighters took action and forever changed a city, state, . . . Map (db m210537) HM
81South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-124 — Confederate Printing Plant
(Front text) From April 1864 to February 1865 Confederate bonds and currency were printed and processed in this building, constructed in 1863-64 for the printing and stationery firm of Evans & Cogswell. That firm, founded in Charleston, . . . Map (db m28531) HM
82South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865
(Front): Confederate 1861 - Soldiers - 1865 Erected by The Confederate Home Albertson, Maberry; Bethea, W. F.; Brooks, Robert; Brown, G. W.; Bozman, William; Bush, J. E.; Carter, F. M.; Cameron, W. C.; Chambers, H. A.; Connell, W. E; . . . Map (db m46844) HM
83South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Confederate Soldiers Home
Confederate Soldiers Home by an act of the General Assembly in 1908, an infirmary was established on this site for the infirm and destitute Confederate Soldiers and Sailors of the state in 1925. Eligibility for admission was extended to wives and . . . Map (db m46504) HM
84South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-38 — Congaree River Bridges
This river took its name from the Congaree Indians, a Siouan tribe which occupied the valley until the Yamassee War in 1715. The first wooden bridge here was completed in 1827. It was burned to delay the advance of Sherman's Army in 1865, rebuilt . . . Map (db m7366) HM
85South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Congaree Vista
Historically a residential, light industrial, mercantile and transportation district, the Congaree Vista is bounded by the Congaree River to the west and Assembly Street to the east. To its north lies Arsenal Hill, while the Olympia Mill . . . Map (db m114017) HM
86South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-53 — Courthouse Square
Richland County's second court house was built in 1803-04 on the northeast corner of Richardson (Main) and Washington Streets. In the 1850s, it was razed and a new court house erected on the same site. On the southeast corner was located the . . . Map (db m30829) HM
87South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-173 — Curtiss-Wright Hangar
(Front text) This hangar, built in 1929 by the Curtiss-Wright Flying Service, was the first building at Owens Field, a municipal airport then 3 mi. S of the city limits. Curtiss-Wright built and operated numerous airports across America for . . . Map (db m55106) HM
88South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40 211 — Cyril O. Spann Medical Office
From 1963 to 1979, this was the office of Dr. Cyril O. Spann (1916-1979), one of the first fully trained African American surgeons in S.C. Born in Chester, Spann fought in World War II and attended nearby Benedict College. After graduating from . . . Map (db m142920) HM
89South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Darby Field
Darby Field Named in honor of Brigadier General William O. Darby, U.S.Army Killed in action 1945 Erected June 1979 By his West Point classmates, USMA 1933 And the William O. Darby Ranger Memorial Foundation To honor his . . . Map (db m59297) HM
90South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-15 — DeBruhl-Marshall House
A fine example of the classic style in Southern domestic architecture. Built in 1820, probably after a design of Robert Mills. For almost one hundred years the home of the DeBruhl and Marshall families.Map (db m28629) HM
91South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — DeSaussure College1809 — University of South Carolina —
The second oldest building on campus, DeSaussure was designed to be a residence hall. It was originally called Old North Building and mirrors its predecessor, Rutledge College. DeSaussure was damaged by a severe earthquake in 1811, and the west . . . Map (db m168688) HM
92South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Diamond HillThe home of Lt. General Wade Hampton, C.S.A.
Known as "Diamond Hill," which was burned by Union Troops during their invasion of Columbia, February 17, 1865, was located 125 feet due south of this spot. The stones in this monument formed part of the foundation of that home.Map (db m46448) HM
93South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Divided By Design
Similar to the interior of their house, the Wilsons' yard was separated into public and private areas. The front garden featured a formal and ornamental landscape style intended for visitors and passersby. Private, utilitarian needs were met behind . . . Map (db m134996) HM
94South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Doolittle Raiders
Symbolizing the strength and endurance of South Carolinians, these Palmetto trees commemorate the Columbia trained Doolittle Raiders whose courage and patriotism in the early hours of World War II rallied a beleagured nation to save Western . . . Map (db m113534) HM
95South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Duke of Albemarle(1608-1670)
General George Monck Helped restore Charles II Commander of Royal Forces Colonel of Coldstream GuardsMap (db m50958) HM
96South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Earl of Clarendon(1609-1674)
Born Edward Hyde Lord High Chancellor for Charles II Persecuted the Dissenters Exiled for Private Life Daughter Married James IIMap (db m50956) HM
97South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-48 — Early Columbia Racetrack
From early days horse racing was a favorite sport in Columbia and many famous horses were bred on neighboring plantations. Columbia Jockey Club was organized by Col. Wade Hampton II and Col. Richard Singleton in 1828. Congaree Race Course was . . . Map (db m30213) HM
98South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-39 — Early Country Homes
In this malaria-free sandhill section were the antebellum summer homes of many Columbians: Quinine Hill (Dr. J. M. Taylor, Dr. James Davis); Hilltop (W. J. Taylor); Edgehill (B. F. Taylor); Laurel Hill (D. J. McCord); . . . Map (db m30246) HM
99South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-112 — Early Howard School Site
On this site stood Howard School, a public school for blacks established after the Civil War. By 1869 there was a two-story frame building large enough for 800 pupils. Partially funded by the Freedmen's Bureau, the school reportedly was named for . . . Map (db m30254) HM
100South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-9 — Ebenezer Lutheran Church
First Lutheran congregation in Columbia. Church dedicated in this square in 1830 was burned by Union troops in 1865. It was rebuilt 1870, partly through aid of northern Lutherans, and used for Sunday School after present church was completed in 1931.Map (db m28073) HM

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Feb. 7, 2023