“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Fayette County, Pennsylvania

Clickable Map of Fayette County, Pennsylvania and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Fayette County, PA (212) Greene County, PA (90) Somerset County, PA (118) Washington County, PA (343) Westmoreland County, PA (133) Garrett County, MD (133) Monongalia County, WV (217) Preston County, WV (107)  FayetteCounty(212) Fayette County (212)  GreeneCounty(90) Greene County (90)  SomersetCounty(118) Somerset County (118)  WashingtonCounty(343) Washington County (343)  WestmorelandCounty(133) Westmoreland County (133)  GarrettCountyMaryland(133) Garrett County (133)  MonongaliaCountyWest Virginia(217) Monongalia County (217)  PrestonCounty(107) Preston County (107)
Uniontown is the county seat for Fayette County
Adjacent to Fayette County, Pennsylvania
      Greene County (90)  
      Somerset County (118)  
      Washington County (343)  
      Westmoreland County (133)  
      Garrett County, Maryland (133)  
      Monongalia County, West Virginia (217)  
      Preston County, West Virginia (107)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Belle Vernon — Belle Vernon Veterans Memorial
To the men and women of Belle Vernon Boro who have served in all wars and during peace timeMap (db m201482) WM
2Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Belle Vernon — Doctor John Stodgell Van Voorhis (1826-1917)
Belle Vernon's historian began practicing medicine here in 1847 upon graduating from today's W&J College. He married Betsy Plumer Smith that fall. His 1893 The Old and New Monongahela relates how Betsy's great grandfather Alexander Lowrey . . . Map (db m201460) HM
3Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Brownsville — Bowman's Castle(Nemacolin Castle)
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Map (db m200774) HM
4Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Brownsville — Brashear House
John A. Brashear, astronomer, educator, was born here 1840. His grandfather kept the Brashear House, a leading tavern. In 1825 Lafayette spoke from its doorway to the people of Brownsville.Map (db m746) HM
5Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Brownsville — 17 — Brownsville
Once called Redstone Old Fort, its history includes the Ohio Company storehouse, 1854, and Fort Burd, 1759. It was on the route of Nemacolin's Trail, of Burd's Road, and of the National Road.Map (db m201487) HM
6Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Brownsville — Brownsville - Route 40 Bridge
ASM International has designated Brownsville - Route 40 Bridge an historical landmark. This bridge, designed by and built under the supervision of Capt. Richard Delafield in 1839 to improve the "National Road", is the first cast iron bridge to be . . . Map (db m252) HM
Paid Advertisement
7Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Brownsville — Brownsville Military Honor Roll
(First Panel): WORLD WAR I Killed In Action/Missing In Action Axton, Andrew Kramer • Ayoub, Tony • Christy, Angelo • Conyua, John • DeLeonibus, Giuseppe • Ferri, Armino • Fiorentino, Fortunato • Fisher, Albert . . . Map (db m201079) WM
8Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Brownsville — Christ Episcopal ChurchBrownsville, Penna.
First Episcopal Service (Fort Burd) 1759 Parish organized and grounds purchased, 1796 First church erected on this ground, 1823 Present church building completed, 1858 This plaque erected in commemoration of the . . . Map (db m200772) HM
9Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Brownsville — Dunlap’s Creek Bridge
An integral part of the National Road, this was the first metal arch bridge in the United States, built 1836-39. Replacing several earlier bridges on this site, including an 1809 Finley suspension bridge, this 80-foot span was built of cast iron by . . . Map (db m251) HM
10Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Brownsville — 88 — Lafayette's Tour
On May 26, 1825, General Lafayette, traveling on the National Pike from Washington to Uniontown, was honored in Brownsville where he dined.Map (db m201052) HM
11Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Brownsville — Philander Knox
Born May 6, 1853 in a house still standing on Front Street. Attorney-General in 1901, leading the anti-trust fight. A U.S. Senator, 1904–09. Secretary of State under Taft. Re-elected Senator in 1917. Died in 1921.Map (db m747) HM
12Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Brownsville — Redstone Old Fort
This tablet is erected by the Great Meadows Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, to mark the site of the Redstone Old Fort, accredited to the Mound Builders. It is also the site of Fort Burd, built by the British in 1759, under Colonel . . . Map (db m247) HM
13Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Brownsville — Revolutionary War Soldiersare buried in this Cemetery
Dorsey, Joseph 1754-1836 Frew, Alexander 1763-1845 Hopkins, Thomas about 1758-about 1829 Woodfill, Joseph 1754-1798Map (db m202654) HM WM
Paid Advertisement
14Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Brownsville — Steamboat Enterprise/Boatbuilding Center
Steamboat Enterprise Fourth steamboat built in Western Pennsylvania, Bridgeport, 1814. Engine design by Daniel French. Captain Henry M. Shreve, commanding. Steamed to New Orleans, Fall, 1814 and returned June 1815. First steamboat to ascend the . . . Map (db m41775) HM
15Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Brownsville — The First Cast Iron Bridge
The first cast iron bridge built in the United States, was built in 1836-1839 over Dunlap's Creek at this point.Map (db m253) HM
16Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Brownsville — Veterans Memorial
This monument is a tribute to honor all past, present, and future military men and women who make great sacrifices to protect our country. MerrittstownMap (db m200651) WM
17Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Brownsville — Veterans Memorial
In Memory of Veterans of all wars Because of them our lives are free Because of them our nation lives Because of them the world is blessed To those who gave the supreme sacrifice May their souls rest in peace W.W. • I W.W. . . . Map (db m201053) WM
18Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Confluence — Washington at TurkeyfootSeeking out the French
George Washington camped here on May 20, 1754. He was seeking for the British a navigable water route to the Forks of the Ohio (Pittsburgh), where the French were building Fort Duquesne. The young Lieutenant Colonel from Virginia had orders to . . . Map (db m204849) HM
19Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Connellsville — Benjamin Wells
Nearby was the house of this collector of excise tax on whiskey. In the summer of 1794, after the Whiskey Rebellion had turned violent, his house was burned down by an angry crowd. Wells had spurned previous warnings by excise tax protectors.Map (db m41774) HM
20Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Connellsville — Braddock RoadStewart's Crossing
General Braddock's twelfth camp, June 28, 1755, on the march to Fort Duquesne, was north of here, near the Youghiogheny River. On June 30, the army forded the River at Stewart's Crossing to a point about one-half mile northwest of present-day . . . Map (db m31905) HM
Paid Advertisement
21Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Connellsville — Braddock's Twelfth Camp
British Major General Edward Braddock camped here at Stewart's Crossing on the banks of the Youghiogheny River, June 28-30, 1755. His goal was to reach Fort Duquesne (Pittsburgh) and drive the French from the area. He was accompanied by colonial . . . Map (db m76134) HM
22Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Connellsville — Carnegie Free LibraryNational Register of Historic Places
This Property Has Been Placed On The National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior Placed by the Connellsville Area Historical SocietyMap (db m195499) HM
23Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Connellsville — Chestnut RidgeNamed for trees that have disappeared
The Youghiogheny River has cut a winding gorge through the Chestnut Ridge, the western-most uplift of the Appalachian Mountains. The tall ridges bordering the river are heavily forested but lack the tree species for which the ridge is names: the . . . Map (db m76712) HM
24Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Connellsville — Col. William Crawford
Hero of Indian wars, made his home about a half mile from Connellsville after 1766, and was Washington's land agent. During the Revolution, he led a campaign against Ohio Indians; he was captured and killed near Upper Sandusky in 1782.Map (db m41776) HM
25Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Connellsville — Colonel William Crawford
In memory of Colonel William Crawford, born in Berkeley County, Virginia, in 1732. Friend of Washington --pioneer -- patriot. This monument is situated 1260 yards S. 69 E. 16' of the spot where he built his log cabin in 1765 on the west bank of the . . . Map (db m41778) HM
26Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Connellsville — ConnellsvilleGateway to the Laurel Highlands
•You see in the distance Chestnut Ridge, the western edge of the Allegheny Mountains; behind you, you will not encounter mountains again until you reach the Rockies, more than 1,000 miles away. A ford of the Youghiogheny River known as Stewart's . . . Map (db m76709) HM
27Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Connellsville — ConnellsvilleTrail Map and Points of Interest
Cedar Creek Gorge, 21.8 miles north. Off the main trail in Cedar Creek Park, you will find waterfalls and wildflowers, as well as a suspension bridge over the gorge. photo by Betsy Mandarino.Great Tufta Formation, 20.5 miles north. A living, . . . Map (db m76710) HM
28Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Connellsville — Connellsville Memorial Bridge
Dedicated to the memory of the men and women who served their country during the Revolutionary and all succeeding wars.Map (db m59684) HM
29Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Connellsville — Connellsville War Memorial
Dedicated to the veterans of all wars. Their devotion, sacrifices and ideals have assured our liberties. [left plaque] This memorial presented by the Connellsville Sesqui-Centennial Association 1956. Dedicated November 11, 1958. [right . . . Map (db m76719) WM
30Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Connellsville — Edwin S. Porter(1869-1941)
Motion picture pioneer, born in Connellsville. Developed concepts of film editing, screenplay, and other cinematic techniques. In early 20th century, he was America's leading director; his most famous film was "The Great Train Robbery," 1903.Map (db m41784) HM
31Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Connellsville — Gist's Plantation
Christopher Gist, the Ohio Company surveyor who went to Fort LeBoeuf with Washington, settled here in 1753. In 1754, Washington halted his campaign here and retreated to Fort Necessity. Pursuing French destroyed the plantation.Map (db m59677) HM
32Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Connellsville — Home of Colonel William Crawford
. . . Map (db m76141) HM
33Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Connellsville — Meason House
The Georgian manor on the hill was built 1802 by Isaac Meason. Veteran of the Revolution, Meason was a pioneer ironmaster. In 1817 at Plumsock he built one of the first rolling mills.Map (db m59679) HM
34Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Connellsville — Samuel JohnsonBattle of Antietam
Congressional Medal of Honor Sept. 17, 1862Map (db m195495) HM
35Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Connellsville — United States Post Office, Connellsville, PennsylvaniaNational Register of Historic Places
This Property Has Been Placed On The National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior Placed by: C. J. Franklin Ellis Postmaster 1951 to 1972Map (db m195496) HM
36Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Connellsville — World War II Connellsville Canteen
From 1944 until 1946, about 800 women of all ages met 600,000 troops who passed through the B&O Railroad station. From offices here, volunteers furnished food and drink 24 hours a day and chauffeured personnel to their homes.Map (db m41800) HM
37Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Dawson — Veterans Memorial
Erected by the Citizens of Dawson and Lower Tyrone Township In honor of the men and women who served their country during the Korean, Vietnam, and Cold War eras 1945-1991 Legend K = Korean Era V = Vietnam Era C = Cold War Era . . . Map (db m210288) WM
38Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Dawson — World War I Memorial
Erected by the Citizens of Dawson and Lower Tyrone Township, Pa., in honor of the men who served their country in 1917 - the World War - 1919. - Dawson - Arison, Herman • Baum, W. Farber • Brallier, James LeRoy • Brown, Henry • . . . Map (db m208117) WM
39Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Dawson — World War II Memorial
Erected in thankfulness to God and in honor of the men and women of Dawson and Lower Tyrone Township who served in World War II 1941-1947 Ansell, Claude R. • Ansell, George F. • Austin, Donald C. • Baird, Joseph B. • Baird, Quentin • . . . Map (db m210289) WM
40Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Dickerson Run — For God and Country1941 • 1945
Dedicated to those who served their country in World War II from the Second District of Dunbar Township (Names Not Listed)Map (db m208041) WM
41Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Dickerson Run — World War I Memorial
William R. Baker • Frank W. Black • Arthur Brown • James Brown • J. William Brown • William Warren Brown • Howard Vincent Bowers • James C. Cavalcant • Brice Colbert • Lewis Colbert • Scott Colbert • Frank Conti • Mike Conti • . . . Map (db m207962) WM
42Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Dunbar — Connellsville CokeFueling the steel mills
Coal was mined in this region and transformed into coke in beehive ovens. Almost pure carbon, coke burns hotter than coal and was crucial to the success of Pittsburgh's steel making. One of the largest coking complexes was Adelaide, founded by . . . Map (db m76723) HM
43Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Dunbar — Finial from One, Poultry, London EC4, 1870
This Finial was the uppermost element of the building known as Number One, Poultry, in the heart of the City of London. The building was constructed in 1870 to a design by the Victorian architect John Belcher Jr., in the Venetian-Gothic style. A . . . Map (db m62144) HM
44Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Dunbar — K6 Telephone Kiosk 1935King George V (Reigned 1910 - 1936)
The K6 was designed by the architect Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, as a result of a commission from the Post Office, to celebrate the Jubilee of King George V in 1935. It arrived on the streets a year later.The K6 was made of cast iron, and it was . . . Map (db m62142) HM
45Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Dunbar — Kentuck KnobI. N. and Bernardine Hagan House
I. N. and Bernardine Hagan House "Kentuck Knob" has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses National significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America Constructed of native stone, tidewater cypress, . . . Map (db m62141) HM
46Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Dunbar — The Remains of the Beehive Coke Ovens
The remains of the beehive coke ovens, that are visible on both sides of the Youghiogheny River, are some of the first in what became known as the "Connellsville Coke Region", with over 35,000 ovens in operation. Coke, a hard, porous residue with . . . Map (db m76694) HM
47Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Fairchance — Alfred L. Wilson
World War II Veteran Technician Fifth Grade, U.S. Army, Medical Detachment 328th Infantry Regiment, 26th Infantry Division CONGRESSIONAL MEDAL of HONOR RECIPIENT The highest award for Valor in action against an enemy force . . . Map (db m179182) HM WM
48Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Fairchance — Pastors of S.S. Cyril & Methodius Church
Dedicated in Honor of the 100th anniversary of S S. Cyril & Methodius Church, Fairchance, Pa. 1910 - 2010 Crosslet Pattern: Symbolizes the Word of God taken to the four corners of the world thus honoring our patron saints who translated the Holy . . . Map (db m178349) HM
49Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Fairchance — Roll Of Honor
(List of Names)Map (db m178290) WM
50Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Fairchance — Veterans Memorial
Dedicated to the courageous men and women from Fairchance Borough who served under the flag of the United States of America during times of war and peaceMap (db m175167) WM
51Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Fairchance — Veterans Memorial
In honor of those who died so that we may be freeMap (db m178200) WM
52Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — A Secret GraveFort Necessity National Battlefield — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock—commander-in-chief of British forces in North America—traveled over the road trace below on June 25, 1755. Marching north with his 2,400-man army, the 60-year-old Braddock was under orders to capture Fort Duquesne and . . . Map (db m339) HM
53Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — Braddock Park
Gen. Edward Braddock was buried here in 1755, after his disastrous defeat and death. The site of his original grave, the new grave to which his remains were moved in 1804, and a trace of the Braddock Road may be seen here.Map (db m310) HM
54Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — Braddock’s Grave
Here lieth the remains of Major General Edward Braddock who, in command of the 44th and 48th regiments of English Regulars, was mortally wounded in an engagement with the French and Indians under the command of Captain M. de Beaujeu at the Battle . . . Map (db m304) HM
55Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — Braddock’s Original Grave Site
This tablet marks the spot where Major-General Edward Braddock was buried, July 14th, 1755, His remains were removed in 1804 to the site of the present monument.Map (db m166925) HM
56Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — British DefensesFort Necessity National Battlefield — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
From the earthworks and stream banks behind you, the British fired back at the French and Indians. A steady rain dampened the gun powder and fouled muskets. Lying in water-filled trenches, the British soldiers' ammunition and morale began to . . . Map (db m152698) HM
57Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — Building Fort NecessityFort Necessity National Battlefield — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Here, in a rare meadow among the frontier forests, British soldiers began raising a small stockade in May of 1754. Lt. Col. George Washington and 40 Virginia militia had skirmished with a small French detachment nearby on May 28; now Washington . . . Map (db m201461) HM
58Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — Civilian Conservation Corps at Fort NecessityFort Necessity National Battlefield — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
By 1933, the fourth year of the Great Depression, America's unemployment rate stood at twenty-five percent. To alleviate this and other economic issues, newly elected President Franklin Delano Roosevelt initiated his New Deal reforms. The best . . . Map (db m152695) HM
59Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — Do you measure up in Washington's Army? / Are you dressed for the campaign?
Do you measure up in Washington's Army? These are the British troops who defended the frontier during the Battle of Fort Necessity, July 3, 1754. Are you dressed for the campaign? These are the French troops and American Indian . . . Map (db m152694) HM
60Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — First Roads to the WestFort Necessity National Battlefield — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Before the Europeans, only Indian trails led through virgin forests that once stretched beyond the horizon. About 1750 Nemacolin, a Delaware Indian, blazed a trail past here for the Ohio Company. Four years later, Virginia militia under Lt. Col. . . . Map (db m333) HM
61Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — Fort Necessity
Fort Necessity was located about 400 yards to the south in the Great Meadows. Built and commanded, 1754 by Lieutenant Colonel George Washington, aged 22. Here, after 9 hours engagement with M. Coulon de Villiers in command of 900 French regulars . . . Map (db m341) HM
62Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — Fort NecessityNational Battlefield Site — French and Indian War —
On this “charming field for an encounter” George Washington built Fort Necessity in May-June 1754 as defense against an approaching French force. The battle fought here July 3 brought on the French and Indian War for control of the continent. Burnt . . . Map (db m105634) WM
63Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — Fort Necessity
Colonel George Washington on June 29, 1754 began a fort here. July 4 he surrendered to a superior force of French. Fort Necessity Park includes the historic area and the reconstructed fort.Map (db m201437) HM
64Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — Fort Necessity National BattlefieldInformation
George Washington's only surrender took place here on July 3, 1754. After an eight to nine hour battle on a rainy day, he capitulated to a sizable force of French soldiers and their Indian allies, led by Jumonville's older brother de Villiers. . . . Map (db m152675) HM
65Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — Mount Washington TavernFort Necessity National Battlefield — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
This tavern once bustled with activity. Judge Nathaniel Ewing of Uniontown built it about 1830, then sold in in 1840 to James Sampey, who ran the tavern with his family. Mount Washington Tavern was a stage stop for the Good Intent Stage Line, one of . . . Map (db m347) HM
66Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — Mt. Washington Presbyterian ChurchPreaching the Word and Preserving the Heritage.
Organized March 24, 1842, the first congregation of this church worshipped in a log building which is preserved as the thirty feet square sanctuary of the existing structure. The church is located only one-half mile east of Fort Necessity on the . . . Map (db m348) HM
67Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — 2 — National Road
Our first national road; fathered by Albert Gallatin. Begun in 1811 at Cumberland, Md.; completed to Wheeling in 1818. Toll road under State control, 1835-1905. Rebuilt, it is present U.S. Route 40.Map (db m340) HM
68Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — Road to DisasterFort Necessity National Battlefield — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On June 25, 1755, the largest army assembled in North America up to that time passed this spot. British Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock led the first 1,400 soldiers of his 2,400-man army along a 12-foot-wide road. Lt. Col. Thomas Dunbar lagged behind . . . Map (db m338) HM
69Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — Surrender NegotiationsFort Necessity National Battlefield — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Soon after 8:00 p.m. on July 3, 1754, the British crossed this meadow to discuss the surrender terms being offered by the French under Captain Louis Coulon de Villiers. The timing was fortunate for the British as about half of their 400 soldiers . . . Map (db m201438) HM
70Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — The French AttackFort Necessity National Battlefield — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
July 3, 1754 dawned gray and drizzly. Mid-morning about 700 French and Indians approached from the far end of the meadow toward fewer than 400 British soldiers in and around Fort Necessity. French Captain Louis Coulon de Villiers saw the British . . . Map (db m152699) HM
71Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — The Great Meadows
This tablet marks the site of The Great Meadows where Lt. Col. George Washington fought his first battle and made his first and last surrender, July 3-4, 1754.Map (db m502) HM
72Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — The Great Meadows Campaign
“Up to this time the colonies have been acting as entirely separate and independent states.” From message of Governor James Glenn to the South Carolina Assembly, March 5, 1754.
The Great Meadows Campaign . . . Map (db m201457) HM
73Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — The National RoadFort Necessity National Battlefield — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
This "National Road" connected east and west in the 1800s. George Washington proposed a route to join the western frontier to the eastern seaboard in the late 1700s. His idea was later promoted by Albert Gallatin, Secretary of the Treasury under . . . Map (db m342) HM
74Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — The Old Braddock Road
This tablet marks a well preserved scar of the Old Braddock Trail, one of the most historic pioneer highways in all America. Here, Nemacolin and his associates blazed the trail that became a National Highway. Here, passed the laden pack . . . Map (db m33439) HM
75Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — The Polo Player
William Behrends — The Polo Player. The bronze Polo Player is the work of William Behrends, one of the nation's foremost sculptors. Educated both in the U.S.A. and Europe, Behrends has won some of the nation's top sculpture awards. His . . . Map (db m503) HM
76Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Farmington, Wharton Township — Trail InformationFort Necessity National Battlefield — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Portions of this trail system pass through the Great Meadows where George Washington and his troops fought a large French and Indian force on July 3, 1754. The Braddock Road Trace is the remnant of the road built by Washington in 1754 and . . . Map (db m152678) HM
77Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Grindstone — 2 — National Road
Our first national road; fathered by Albert Gallatin. Begun in 1811 at Cumberland, Md.; completed to Wheeling in 1818. Toll road under State control, 1835-1905. Rebuilt, it is present U.S. Route 40.Map (db m256) HM
78Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Hopwood — Braddock RoadRock Fort Camp
General Braddock’s tenth camp, June 26, 1755, on the march to Fort Duquesne, was at the Half King’s Rock, one mile NE of here. The Rock was named for Washington’s friend Tanacharisson, the Iroquois viceroy (half king) of the Ohio Indians. Washington . . . Map (db m507) HM
79Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Hopwood — Diplomats or Spies?Fort Necessity National Battlefield
As Lt. Col. George Washington approached this glen on May 28, 1754, he knew the French position and numbers - but he did not know their intentions. Were the French troops here "diplomats," proclaiming the French desire for friendship? Or, were they . . . Map (db m207453) HM
80Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Hopwood — From Jumonville to a World WarFort Necessity National Battlefield
The 15-minute skirmish fought here on May 28, 1754, had long-term consequences. One month later, 600 French soldiers and 100 Indians under Captain Louis Coulon de Villiers - Jumonville's brother - left Fort Duquesne "to avenge ourselves..." On July . . . Map (db m207437) HM
81Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Hopwood — Historic Stone ChimneysFayette County, Pennsylvania
The Turner Inn was built in 1925 by Bill Turner and owned by Dr. Leroy C. Waggoner and leased to "Corky" Ruse. In 1937, Mr. Turner commissioned Frank Durigon to build the chimney's. Friends and family knew him as "Poppa Durigon" and would say he . . . Map (db m206169) HM
82Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Hopwood — History Flows Through These Waters
For thousands of years, people have used this year-round water source. They filled skins, canteens, whiskey jugs, and radiators; they watered horses and shared stories. From long-ago hunters tracking game to travelers on US Route 40, history . . . Map (db m198687) HM
83Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Hopwood — History Flows Through This Land
1: Historic Summit Inn Resort Developed in 1907 by some of Uniontown's wealthiest citizens, the Historic Summit Inn is one of America's last remaining "Grand Porch Hotels" and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Owned and . . . Map (db m198586) HM
84Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Hopwood — Jumonville GlenFort Necessity National Battlefield
The 1/2-mile loop trail ahead leads to a secluded ravine, thick with trees and boulders. Considered serene today, this wilderness landscape covered most of North America in the mid-1700s. At that time, France and England both claimed the Upper Ohio . . . Map (db m207431) HM
85Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Hopwood — National Road
From the creation of the National Road in 1806 until the advent of the railroads in the 1850s, thousands of travellers crossed Chestnut Ridge between the East and Midwest. Founded in 1791, Hopwood was a major resting stop for traffic in both . . . Map (db m41796) HM
86Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Hopwood — Surprise AttackFort Necessity National Battlefield
About 7:00 a.m., most of the 32 French troops camped here were preparing breakfast or just arising. Suddenly, the French saw enemy soldiers at the edge of their camp, called out an alarm, and ran for their muskets stacked nearby. Lt. Col. George . . . Map (db m207455) HM
87Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Hopwood — The Perfect Brick Machine
The Perfect Brick Machine was invented and manufactured by C.S Wert of Kendallville, Indiana. It was the first of its kind to be an automatic, adjustable, foot tamper brick machine, able to create the perfect brick. It was comprised of steel, . . . Map (db m206170) HM
88Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Hopwood — Washington’s Spring
This spring lies in the direct path of what was known as Nemacolin’s Trail. Afterwards Braddock’s Road, and was a favorite sampling spot in early days. George Washington visited here first in November, 1753, and again in May, 1954. On the night . . . Map (db m74911) HM
89Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Hopwood — Washington–Braddock Road 1754–1756
Remnant of the Great Rock or the Half King’s Rock mentioned by early cartographers. The famous Washington-Braddock Road emerging from Laurel Hill Mountain one hundred yards eastward turned northward at this point. Rock Fort Camp, where . . . Map (db m74926) HM
90Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Hopwood — Washington-Braddock Road 1754-55 Rock Fort Camp
Rock Fort Camp, Braddock's tenth camp, began at the woods opposite where the Washington-Braddock Road emerged from Chestnut Ridge Mountain and extended to the northward beyond the Half King's Rock and Washington's Spring. Here Braddock camped June . . . Map (db m100185) HM
91Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Hopwood — Washington's First BattlefieldPrelude to the French and Indian War
Lieutenant Colonel George Washington in command of a company of Virginia militia, forty in number assisted by the half king Tenacharisson and a company of Indians, surprised, killed, wounded or captured the entire engaged French force under command . . . Map (db m207451) HM
92Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Jumonville — Braddock RoadDunbar's Camp
General Braddock’s army ascended the ridge east of this point and advanced toward Gist’s Plantation. Col. Dunbar’s detachment, following with the heavy baggage, made its last camp here. Later, as Braddock’s defeated army streamed back, Dunbar . . . Map (db m504) HM
93Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Markleysburg — Braddock RoadTwelve Springs Camp
General Braddock's eighth camp, June 25, 1755, on the march to Fort Duquesne, was about half a mile S.W. Chestnut Ridge, seen on the horizon to the west, was the last mt. range to be crossed. Axemen widened an Indian path for passage of supply . . . Map (db m349) HM
94Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Markleysburg — Great Crossings
Since Indian days this was a major Youghiogeny River crossing place. In 1754 Washington’s Virginians camped here. Braddock’s army marched through here. The National Road bridged the river at this point in 1818.Map (db m106891) HM
95Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Markleysburg — Honor Roll
To Our Boys World War II and Korean Conflict Markleysburg Pennsylvania Artice, George R • Artice, Daniel M • Bird, Junior • Bird, Oliver • Bird Robert • Boyd, James R • Bunworth, Earl • Butler, Cecil • Close, Merle E • . . . Map (db m152704) WM
96Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Masontown — Fort Mason
Built as a blockhouse in 1774–78 by John Mason. It was a settler’s refuge in Revolutionary days. The site of the fort was nearby. Later rebuilt on Main Street as a dwelling.Map (db m134168) HM
97Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Masontown — Masontown
Formerly Germantown Renamed for John Mason Founded 1798Map (db m180206) HM
98Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Masontown — Masontown United Methodist Church Fire
Fire Nearly Destroyed This Church on July 15, 2004. Rebuilt and Rededicated to the glory of God and to our Savior, Jesus Christ, July 24, 2005.Map (db m139463) HM
99Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Masontown — Veterans Memorial
In memory of the brave men and women of this community who served in the wars of their countryMap (db m180270) WM
100Pennsylvania, Fayette County, Masontown — War Memorial
In memory of Edward McLaughlin Killed Fresnes, France, July 28, 1918. Charles E. Weimer Killed Argonne Forest, Sept. 26, 1918.Map (db m139464) HM

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Feb. 9, 2023