“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Galveston County, Texas

Clickable Map of Galveston County, Texas and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Galveston County, TX (337) Brazoria County, TX (176) Chambers County, TX (35) Harris County, TX (432)  GalvestonCounty(337) Galveston County (337)  BrazoriaCounty(176) Brazoria County (176)  ChambersCounty(35) Chambers County (35)  HarrisCounty(432) Harris County (432)
Galveston is the county seat for Galveston County
Adjacent to Galveston County, Texas
      Brazoria County (176)  
      Chambers County (35)  
      Harris County (432)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Texas, Galveston County, Alta Loma — 9919 — Alta Loma
On Main Street at 16th Street, on the right when traveling south on Main Street.
Traveling west from the Gulf of Mexico the land rises gradually and becomes Alta Loma (Spanish for high land) in this area of Galveston County. In 1893 the Alta Loma Investment and Improvement Company platted a townsite here along a Gulf, Colorado . . . Map (db m52466) HM
2Texas, Galveston County, Alta Loma — 7492 — Hitchcock Depot
On State Highway 6, on the right when traveling east.
According to local oral tradition, the Gulf, Colorado & Santa Fe Railroad (GCSF) gained a vital right-of-way through Emily Hitchcock's property in 1875 by agreeing to establish a depot named for her deceased husband, Lent Munson Hitchcock. GCSF . . . Map (db m52485) HM
3Texas, Galveston County, Alta Loma — 7439 — Original Site of First Baptist Church of Alta Loma
On 23rd Street, 0.1 miles west of 23rd Street & FTM 646, on the right when traveling east.
Oldest church in Alta Loma; second oldest Baptist church on Galveston mainland. Organized on Nov. 10, 1895, in a local hotel; 26 charter members. Established Arcadia Baptist Church, 1945. Purchased "U. S. S. Houston" Memorial Chapel, 1946. . . . Map (db m52464) HM
4Texas, Galveston County, Arcadia — 9923 — Arcadia Christian Church
On Beriton Street at Beriton Street & Frost Street, on the right when traveling east on Beriton Street.
The town of Arcadia was established on the Gulf, Colorado, and Santa Fe Railroad in 1890. This church was organized in 1894 and represents the oldest surviving church in the community. Initial services were held by the Rev. T. Patterson in a . . . Map (db m137276) HM
5Texas, Galveston County, Arcadia — 7436 — Evergreen Cemetery
On Oak Lane at Cemetery Road, on the left when traveling east on Oak Lane.
In 1890 Henry J. Runge laid out the town of Arcadia at the site of a railroad depot on the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railroad near here known as Hall's Station. Sometime between 1890 and 1897, Evergreen Cemetery was established to serve the . . . Map (db m50113) HM
6Texas, Galveston County, Baycliff — 12450 — Site of Clifton-By-The-Sea
On FM 646 near Boulevard Street, on the right when traveling east.
Established in 1910 through the partnership of area landowners G. C. Perkins and W. Y. Fuqua, Clifton-by-the-Sea is a reminder of the era in which prosperity returned to Galveston County following the devastating 1900 storm. Developed as a bayside . . . Map (db m59595) HM
Paid Advertisement
7Texas, Galveston County, Bolivar Peninsula — 7544 — Point Bolivar
Near 7th Street just south of Madison Avenue, on the left. Reported missing.
Headquarters for Long's Expedition which attempted to free Texas from Spanish rule in 1819. Named in honor of Simon Bolivar (1783-1830), leader in the Spanish-American War for independence. Here Mrs. Long and a small group remained until news of her . . . Map (db m34880) HM
8Texas, Galveston County, Dickinson — 12744 — Faith United Methodist Church
On Avenue G at 22nd Street when traveling north on Avenue G.
This congregation grew from the merger of two historically African-American Methodist congregations in Dickinson and League City. The first, Warren Chapel, was named for its founder, Richard H. Warren, who preached at the homes of Sophie Monroe and . . . Map (db m59821) HM
9Texas, Galveston County, Dickinson — 7446 — First United Methodist Churchof Dickinson
On FM 517 at Medical Park Drive, on the right when traveling east on FM 517.
In 1876 a group of Methodists led by the Rev. P.E. Nicholson began meeting in private homes in the Dickinson area. In 1885 a frame building was erected for use as a church and school. The Dickinson congregation does not appear in official . . . Map (db m51780) HM
10Texas, Galveston County, Dickinson — 13612 — Holy Trinity Episcopal Church
On St Goar Street (Old State Highway 3) at 46th St, on the left when traveling north on St Goar Street.
In the fall of 1899, a small group of Episcopalians living in Dickinson petitioned the Rt. Rev. George H. Kinsolving, Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Texas, to send a priest to minister to them. Bishop Kinsolving sent the Rev. A.J. Burnett, . . . Map (db m51391) HM
11Texas, Galveston County, Dickinson — 7431 — The Dickinson Station of the Galveston, Houston, & Henderson Railroad Co.
On Kellner Road at Pine Drive (Texas Highway 517), on the right when traveling north on Kellner Road.
Chartered by the State of Texas on February 7, 1853, the Galveston, Houston, and Henderson Railroad was the first railroad to reach the Texas Coast. A trestle was built across Galveston Bay in 1859, and passenger and freight service was initiated . . . Map (db m51341) HM
12Texas, Galveston County, Friendswood — 259 — Cecil and Frances Brown House
Near South Friendswood Drive (State Highway FM 518) south of Magnolia, on the right when traveling south.
Designed by Houston architect Henry A. Stubee and built in 1938, this was the home of local civic, church, and business leader Cecil Brown and his wife Frances. Both were from pioneer Quaker families. Mr. Brown was prominent in the Gulf Coast fig . . . Map (db m53113) HM
13Texas, Galveston County, Friendswood — Fig Preserving Plant1924
On South Friendswood Drive (County Route 518) at Magnolia, on the right when traveling north on South Friendswood Drive.
Figs, the life's blood of Friendswood 1910 to circa 1956, were preserved and shipped from this Fig Preserving Plant. This business, opened in 1924 at this site by Quaker Cecil Brown, (son of the founder) was neither the first nor the last local . . . Map (db m98446) HM
Paid Advertisement
14Texas, Galveston County, Friendswood — First BusinessHadley General Merchandise — 1907 —
On South Friendswood Drive at West Willowick Avenue, on the right when traveling south on South Friendswood Drive.
Friendswood's first business a small, general merchandise store, what opened on this site in 1907 by a Quaker from Lowell, Kansas, Cyrus J. Hadley. He and his wife, Elvira, made stables available to the community. Prior to Hadley's store, folks sent . . . Map (db m98898) HM
15Texas, Galveston County, Friendswood — First Home and First Family1895
On Pecan Drive at East Heritage Drive, on the right when traveling north on Pecan Drive.
The Frank J. Brown Family, along with the Thomas Hadley Lewis Family, Co-founded this Quaker Settlement in the spring of 1895. By August, Brown had hauled lumber from Alvin and was personally constructing his home on this 10-acre site for his wife . . . Map (db m98910) HM
16Texas, Galveston County, Friendswood — 13583 — Friends Church Cemetery
Near South Friendswood Drive (State Highway FM 518) south of Sunnyview Avenue, on the right when traveling south.
In 1895, six families left the disbanded Quaker settlement of Estacado in the Lubbock area and moved to Galveston County. Here, they established the community of Friendswood, named in honor of their faith and association with the Society of Friends, . . . Map (db m53112) HM
17Texas, Galveston County, Friendswood — 7455 — Friendswood
On South Friendswood Drive (State Highway FM 518) south of Sunnyview Avenue, on the right when traveling south.
This community was founded in 1895 by a group of Friends (Quakers) led by F. J. Brown and T. H. Lewis. They acquired the land from J. C. League and named the settlement Friendswood. From the very beginning, church and school were central to . . . Map (db m50156) HM
18Texas, Galveston County, Friendswood — Friendswood Postal Service1899
On South Friendswood Drive (State Highway 518) at Spreading Oaks Avenue, on the right when traveling north on South Friendswood Drive.
In 1899 Friendswood recieved postal service. That year 22 year old widow Flora Knode was appointed postmaster, and residents picked up mail from her home. In 1904 Quaker Charles E. Hoover and family moved here from West Branch, Iowa. In 1906 he . . . Map (db m98450) HM
19Texas, Galveston County, Friendswood — Main Street Fig OrchardsEarly 1900s
On South Friendswood Drive (County Route 518) south of East Castlewood Avenue, on the right when traveling north.
Beginning about 1910 figs were grown on thousands of acres in a nine-county area 150 miles along the Gulf Coast from Winnie to Bay City and 50 miles inland. That included Friendswood where fig orchards, 5 acres to 500 acres lined the main street and . . . Map (db m98896) HM
20Texas, Galveston County, Friendswood — Oldest Structure Remaining1903
On West Spreading Oaks Avenue at Laurel Drive, on the left when traveling west on West Spreading Oaks Avenue.
The Nathan and Mary Perry home here at 109 W. Spreading Oaks is the oldest structure remaining from the Quaker Settlement era. No photo of the house has been found. (Old timers memories were called upon to provide data for the restoration.) The . . . Map (db m97592) HM
Paid Advertisement
21Texas, Galveston County, Friendswood — Quaker AcademyThe Very Heart of Friendswood — 1902-1949 —
On West Spreading Oaks Avenue at South Friendswood Drive (Farm to Market Road 518), on the left when traveling west on West Spreading Oaks Avenue.
As Quakers moved westward across America and the end of the 19th century, it was customary to construct an Academy to provide a site for worship and the education of their youth. Constructed by local men, using lumber they milled from trees downed . . . Map (db m97608) HM
22Texas, Galveston County, Friendswood — 7437 — The Fig Industry In Friendswood
On Shadwell Lane at South Friendswood Drive (Texas Highway FM 518), on the right when traveling south on Shadwell Lane.
Friendswood was established as a Quaker colony by Frank J. Brown and Thomas H. Lewis in 1895. Among the colony's early settlers was former Kansas farmer Nereus Stout. Stout became a highly acclaimed horticulturist and is believed to be the first . . . Map (db m98447) HM
23Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — "Ducky's Beach"
Near Seawall Boulevard east of 59th Street, on the right when traveling east.
Dedicated in memory of F.M. “Ducky” Prendergast July 31, 1908 - October 29, 2002 Native Galvestonian Beach Entrepreneur Lifeguard for Life Ducky Prendergast was one of Galveston’s original professional . . . Map (db m90257) HM
24Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7539 — "Old Red"(Ashbel Smith Building)
Near The Strand Street east of 11th Street, on the left when traveling east.
First, and originally the only, building of University of Texas Medical Branch. Master architect Nicholas J. Clayton designed the massive Romanesque structure. It was dedicated October 5, 1891. Although rooms were almost devoid of equipment, . . . Map (db m90111) HM
25Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 8240 — "The Cradle"
On Avenue O 1/2 at 29th Street, on the right when traveling west on Avenue O 1/2.
Building in which in 1891 Misses Betty Ballinger and Hally Bryan founded the Daughters of the Republic of Texas, a society for historical preservation. This Victorian structure was then library of "The Oaks," family home of the founders, who . . . Map (db m59424) HM
26Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — [Galveston County] 1901-1965
Near 722 Moody Avenue at Winnie Street.
After 1900 the Port of Galveston emerged as the second largest in the United States. Following completion of a deep water channel to Texas City in 1904, the mainland’s major petroleum petro-chemical plants, tin smelter and allied industries, had . . . Map (db m50098) HM
27Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — [Galveston County] Early History
Near Moody Avenue at Winnie Street.
General Xavier Mina, hoping to establish a settlement at what is now the Galveston County mainland, arrived and set up breastworks at Virginia Point in 1816. Between 1815 and 1817, three leaders of expeditions against Spanish Mexico, Mina, . . . Map (db m143811) HM
28Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 11567 — SS Selma
Near Seawolf Parkway.
Steel shortages during World War I led the U.S. to build experimental concrete ships, the largest of which was the SS Selma, today partially submerged in Galveston Bay and visible from this site. It was built in Mobile, Alabama, and named to . . . Map (db m127633) HM
29Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7513 — 1871 Thomas Jefferson League Building
Near Strand Street at 23rd Street, on the left when traveling west.
The Strand, known as "Wall Street of the Southwest," served as the central business district of early Galveston. A fire, set in 1869 to cover a robbery at Cohn Brothers, a clothing emporium, burned a mile wide area. It began at this site, once . . . Map (db m65061) HM
30Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7478 — 1894 Grand Opera House
On Post Office Street close to 21st Street.
Designed by Frank Cox of New Orleans, this Romanesque revival structure served as an opera house, hotel, and restaurant when it opened for its first season in 1895. Converted to a movie theater in the 1920s, it was restored in the 1970s and 1980s . . . Map (db m26968) HM
31Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7531 — A. Wilkins Miller Cottage
On Winnie Street west of 17th Street, on the right when traveling east.
A. Wilkins Miller had this residence built by Galveston contractor R.B. Garnett in 1895. As president of Miller & Vidor Lumber Co., one of the largest in the state, Miller was responsible for the growth of the timber industry in much of southeast . . . Map (db m51226) HM
32Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 9917 — Adriance-Springer House
On Broadway Avenue J (State Highway 87) at 17th Street, on the right when traveling east on Broadway Avenue J.
This house was built in 1914 for the family of businessman John Adriance, who was instrumental in Galveston's early development. It was sold in 1929 to business and civic leader Oscar Springer, whose family continued to live here until 1960. . . . Map (db m137983) HM
33Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — Al Edwards / Juneteenth Celebration
On Broadway (State Highway 87) at 24th Street, on the right when traveling west on Broadway.
On June 19, 1865, at the close of the Civil War, U.S. Army General Gordon Granger issued an order in Galveston stating that the 1863 Emancipation Proclamation was in effect. That event, later known as "Juneteenth," marked the end of slavery in . . . Map (db m180037) HM
34Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 17947 — Albertson Home
On Avenue N 1/2, 0 miles east of Moody Avenue, on the right when traveling east.
This historic house was built in 1870 by Charles Albertson in the Lost Bayou section of the current San Jacinto historical district. Albertson was a cotton buyer active in Galveston until 1900. The great storm of 1900 left the house seriously . . . Map (db m143621) HM
35Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 9920 — American National Insurance Company
On 20th Street at Mechanic Street, in the median on 20th Street.
Founded in 1905 by Galveston business pioneer W. L. Moody, Jr. (1865-1954), American National opened for business on third floor of the Moody Building at 22nd and Strand streets in Galveston. At that time the home office staff numbered ten. By . . . Map (db m174338) HM
36Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 9921 — American Red Cross, Galveston County Chapter
On Seawall Boulivard, 0.2 miles east of Fort Crockeett Boulevard, on the right when traveling east.
Within days of the devastating storm of 1900 Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, arrived in Galveston with personnel, supplies, and relief funds. Assisting the relief effort, which included Galveston Island and several mainland . . . Map (db m153172) HM
37Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — Armour & Company Building1916
On 23rd Street south of Harborside Drive (State Highway 275), on the right when traveling south.
When Galveston was founded in 1836, this entire city block was set aside for use by the Republic of Texas as the site of a customs house. Gail Borden, the inventor of condensed milk, was the first Collector of Customs for the Republic in Galveston. . . . Map (db m130423) HM
38Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 9924 — Ashton Villa, 1859
On Broadway (Avenue J) at 24th Street, on the right when traveling west on Broadway (Avenue J).
Mediterranean style architecture. European materials. Confederate and Federal headquarters in Civil War. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1967Map (db m56219) HM
39Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 9929 — Avenue L Missionary Baptist Church
On Avenue L at 27th Street, on the right when traveling west on Avenue L.
One of the oldest black congregations in Texas, this church grew from the slave membership of the First Baptist Church of Galveston, organized in 1840 by the Rev. James Huckins. By the early 1850s the blacks were worshiping in a separate building. . . . Map (db m163019) HM
40Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 58 — Baden-Sproule House
On 37th Street at Avenue P 1/2, on the right when traveling south on 37th Street.
Designed by noted Galveston architect Nicholas J. Clayton, this house was built in 1899 by Ida B. Baden on land once known as Thomas Borden's farm. West Island landowner John D. Settle sold Miss Baden the land and assisted her in the architectural . . . Map (db m59425) HM
41Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 62 — Ball High School
On Avenue O at Jack Johnson Blvd (Road 41st), on the left when traveling west on Avenue O.
Following the creation of a public free school system in Galveston in 1881, philanthropist George Ball (1817-1884) made a proposal to the city for the construction of a high school. He offered either to donate funds for the building of a school or . . . Map (db m180017) HM
42Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — Ball High School Memorial
On Avenue O at Jack Johnson Blvd, on the left when traveling west on Avenue O.
In Proud Memory of Those Members of the United States Army Who Died in Defense of FreedomMap (db m180026) WM
43Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7311 — Battle of Galveston
Near Wharf Road, 0.1 miles west of 21st Street. Reported missing.
As part of the Union blockade of the Texas coast, Commander W. B. Renshaw led his small fleet into Galveston harbor to demand the surrender of this most important Texas port on October 4, 1862. Largely unguarded, as it was considered indefensible, . . . Map (db m201950) HM
44Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — Beach InvertebratesDiscover Nature at the Beach
Near Seawall Boulevard, 0.2 miles east of 53rd Street, on the right when traveling east.
Animals without backbones are called invertebrates. Standing on the beach, wading in the surf, or swimming in the waters, you can encounter many varieties of Gulf invertebrates such as sand dollars, jellyfish, snails, crabs, and shrimp. Sand . . . Map (db m90648)
45Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — Berlocher Row1858
On Mechanic Street west of 23rd Street, on the left when traveling west.
One of the earliest commercial blocks in Galveston, this row of three three-story brick buildings was constructed for John Berlocher by builder John Brown. The easternmost building, 2309 Mechanic, was erected in 1858. The westernmost, 2315 Mechanic, . . . Map (db m127493) HM
46Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 11572 — Bernard Moore Temple(November 4, 1843 - October 5, 1901)
Near Avenue K west of 40th Street.
Virginia-born B. M. Temple served in the Confederate army during the Civil War (1861-1865), then moved west to begin a noted career in civil engineering. As Chief Engineer for the Gulf, Colorado & Santa Fe Railroad, 1879-1884, he . . . Map (db m127583) HM
47Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — Bernardo de Galvez1746-1786
Near Seawall Boulevard at 21st Street Rear, on the right when traveling south.
Supported the American Revolution by defeating the British along the Gulf Coast. He had Texas Longhorn cattle driven to Louisiana to aid his campaign - thus giving Texas a connection with the American Revolution.Map (db m71154) HM
48Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 13815 — Best-Lucas House
On Sealy Avenue east of 12th Street, on the right when traveling east.
Catherine Best purchased this site in February 1866. In July of that year, sister-in-law Anne Best, wife of Louis Best, bought the improved lot from Catherine and her husband, William, a carpenter by trade. More improvements had been made by 1871, . . . Map (db m140049) HM
49Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 12810 — Boddeker House
On Broadway (State Highway 87) west of 11th Street, on the right when traveling west.
The son of German immigrants, Joseph Boddeker came to Galveston with his parents about 1850. After service in the Civil War, he worked as a riverboat pilot and purchased this lot for his family home in the 1870s. When the original Boddeker House was . . . Map (db m140061) HM
50Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 261 — Burial Site of David G. Burnet (1788-1870)Provisional President of Texas (March 16, 1836 - Oct. 22, 1836)
On 57th Street, on the right when traveling south.
A man of strong principle who carried a gun in one pocket and a Bible in the other, Burnet acted as a cohesive force in the chaotic days of early Texas independence, though his dour, quick-tempered disposition kept him from ever winning wide . . . Map (db m127628) HM
51Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7527 — C. F. Marschner Building
On Mechanic Street east of 20th Street, on the right when traveling west.
Erected in 1905-06 by local contractor Otto Haase, this building housed the Texas Bottling Works and the family residence of C. F. and Marie Marschner. Shortly before the completion of the building, C. F. Marschner died. His widow inherited the . . . Map (db m55632) HM
52Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — Campeche / Galveston IslandThe Galveston Bay Foundation’s Drive & Discover Galveston Bay Trail
Near Seawall Boulevard, 0.3 miles east of 53rd Street, on the right when traveling east.
Discover Nature at the Beach ... the Shoreline You stand at the shoreline of a sandy 30-mile long barrier island, one of several that edge the Texas Coast and help protect the mainland from the sea. Straight ahead of you, across . . . Map (db m90650)
53Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7449 — Captain William S. Fisher
On Avenue K west of 40th Street, on the right when traveling east.
Born in Virginia. Captain of a company at San Jacinto, 1836 and in command of the Mier Expedition, 1842. Died in Galveston in 1845.Map (db m127598) HM
54Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 17278 — Carl and Hilda Biehl House
On Broadway Avenue J east of 15th Street, on the right when traveling west.
In 1902, Galveston was still recovering from the most devastating hurricane in recorded history. Many buildings were badly damaged, including the house at 1416 Broadway. In the early 1900s, Carl Christian Biehl immigrated to Galveston from Germany. . . . Map (db m138002) HM
55Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 107 — Carmelo "Charles" Bertolino(September 4, 1887 - March 8, 1960)
On Seawall Boulevard at 10th Street, on the right when traveling east on Seawall Boulevard.
Born in Galveston in 1887, Carmelo Bertolino was the son of Salvatore Bertolino (d.1891) and Rosalia Trapani Bertolino (d.1942), who immigrated to Texas from Palermo, Italy in the early 1880s. Salvatore Bertolino drowned in Galveston Bay when . . . Map (db m51271) HM
56Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7182 — Catherine Isabel Cox Sherman
On Avenue K east of 43rd Street, on the right when traveling east.
Wife of General Sidney Sherman Born April 27, 1815 Died January 20, 1865Map (db m127533) HM
57Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 14734 — Cedar Lawn
On Cedar Lawn Drive east of 48th Street, in the median.
In June 1926, the Cedar Lawn Company purchased nine city blocks for residential development. Company officers were W.L. Moody, III, President, W.D. Harden, Vice-President, and Clark W. Thompson, Secretary and Treasurer. The subdivision was . . . Map (db m165988) HM
58Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — Central Wharf1840
On Kempner Street at Harborside Drive (State Highway 275), on the right when traveling north on Kempner Street.
In early Galveston much of the waterfront activity centered around these wharves. In 1854, the Galveston wharves were consolidated under the present Wharf Company, but the first wharves were built by private citizens. Menard's Wharf at the foot of . . . Map (db m130425) HM
59Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — Clarke & Courts BuildingNational Register of Historic Places
On Mechanic Street west of 24th Street, on the right when traveling west.
Clarke and Courts Building 2400 Mechanic Built in 1890 Listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Map (db m130426) HM
60Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 8234 — Clarke-Jockusch Home
Near Sealy Avenue near 18th Street, on the right when traveling west. Reported missing.
This large Victorian home was built in 1895 by Captain Charles Clarke, a prominent figure in the Galveston shipping industry. In 1928 the house was purchased by grain exporter Julius W. Jockusch, who served as consul in Belgium and later . . . Map (db m57411) HM
61Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7188 — Confederate Mariner: Leon Smith
On Moody Avenue (21st Street) at Avenue H, on the right when traveling north on Moody Avenue (21st Street).
"Lion" of Texas coastal defense during the Civil War. Commanded marine department of military district. Born in New England, went to sea at 13. By age 20 was a captain. In 1850's commanded on the Galveston to New Orleans run of Southern Mail . . . Map (db m36129) HM
62Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 8237 — Congregation B'nai Israel Synagogue
On 22nd Street at Sealy Avenue, on the right when traveling north on 22nd Street.
Erected in 1870. Cultural and religious center for 85 years. Second oldest temple in Texas. Converted to Masonic Temple in 1953. Henry Cohen, rabbi from 1888-1950, was noted advisor and beloved humanitarian to the entire city. Recorded . . . Map (db m201840) HM
63Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — Custom House, Post Office and United States Court House
On Postoffice Street (Avenue E) east of 20th Street, on the right when traveling east.
Authorized by The Congress of the United States * March 4, 1854 * Construction completed * March 31, 1864 * This was the first building erected by the United States of America for civil uses in the State of Texas . . . Map (db m118965) HM
64Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 9 — David Ayers(August 10, 1793-October 25, 1881)
Near Avenue K west of 40th Street.
A veteran of the War of 1812, David Ayers brought his family to Texas in 1833. On behalf of the American Bible Society, they distributed bibles to new settlers. Settling first in San Patricio, Ayers moved to Washington County, where he became a . . . Map (db m127585) HM
65Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — Davidson Building1890
On Ship Mechanic Row Street west of 23rd Street, on the left when traveling west.
During the last quarter of the 19th century Galveston Island was a major center of commerce for the Southwestern United States. Finished goods arrived at Galveston's natural deep water port from across the world, while cotton and other raw . . . Map (db m118997) HM
66Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 16848 — Davidson-Penland House
On Postoffice Street west of 12th Street, on the right when traveling east.
Constructed between 1866 and 1868, this house belonged to a number of significant Galveston residents. Captain John Davidson, an immigrant from Norway and early Galveston settler, built it. In 1870, two years after Davidson died in an attempt to . . . Map (db m140036) HM
67Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — Dignified Resignation
Near Moody Avenue south of Winnie Street, on the left when traveling south.
Erected to the Soldiers and Sailors of the Confederate States of America by The Veuve Jefferson Davis Chapter No. 17, United Daughters of the Confederacy 1911 Galveston Texas ”There has never been an armed force which in . . . Map (db m118299) WM
68Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7432 — Dominican SistersCongregation of the Sacred Heart
On Market Street at 16th Street, on the right when traveling east on Market Street.
At the request of Galveston Bishop Nicholas Aloysius Gallagher, Dominican Sister Mary Agnes and Mother Rose Lynch left their Sacred Heart Convent in Somerset, Ohio, to staff a school in Galveston in 1882. Twenty sisters including Sister Agnes and . . . Map (db m180069) HM
69Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7450 — Dr. Frederick K. and Lucy Adelaide Fisher House
On Bernardo de Galvez Avenue at 35th Street, on the right when traveling east on Bernardo de Galvez Avenue.
Dr. Frederick K. Fisher (1852-1920) and his wife Lucy Adelaide (Selkirk) (1856-1939) purchased this property in February 1888 and had this house built that same year. Both members of pioneer Texas families, the Fishers were active in local civic . . . Map (db m142759) HM
70Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7435 — Eaton Memorial Chapel
On 22nd Street at Ball Street, on the left when traveling north on 22nd Street.
Designed by noted architect Nicholas Clayton. Gothic revival style. Dedicated as memorial in 1882 to the Rev. Benjamin Eaton, founding rector, 1841-71. Half of funds provided by the Ladies' Parochial Society; half by financier Henry Rosenberg. . . . Map (db m58134) HM
71Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — Exploration
Near Moody Avenue near Winnie Street.
The first recorded history of Galveston Island occurred in 1528 with the shipwreck of Cabeza de Vaca and his crewmen. They were survivors of Alvarez de Pineda’s ill-fated expedition to Florida and were held captive here by the Karankawa Indians. De . . . Map (db m143812) HM
72Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — Federal Building 1857
On 20th Street south of Postoffice Street (Avenue E), on the right when traveling north.
In 1854, a congressional appropriation was secured for the erection of a government building in Galveston for the customs, post office departments, the United States Court, and the United States Marshal. Three lots on the southeast corner . . . Map (db m118960) HM
73Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 11888 — First Baptist Church of Galveston
On 23rd Street at Sealy Avenue, on the right when traveling north on 23rd Street.
The Rev. James Huckins, a visiting Baptist missionary agent, met with nine charter members in the home of Thomas Borden to organize a Baptist church in Galveston on January 30, 1840. Borden's brother Gail Borden, Jr., and sister-in-law Penelope . . . Map (db m180029) HM
74Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7537 — First Navy of the Republic of Texas
Near 20th Street, 0.1 miles north of Wharf Road, on the left when traveling north.
Dedicated to the First Navy of the Republic of Texas Established by Governor Henry Smith November 25th, 1835 The Fleet Brutus • Independence Liberty • Invincible Commemorating the heroism of its personnel . . . Map (db m65031) HM WM
75Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7444 — First Presbyterian ChurchFirst Church in Galveston
On 19th Street at Church Street, on the right when traveling south on 19th Street.
Organized New Year's Day, 1840, in the "Academy," an old building on the northwest corner of this intersection. Rev. John McCullough, church organizer, became pastor. Original building was finished 1843; present structure started 1872; . . . Map (db m51228) HM
76Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7484 — Former Site of Heidenheimer's Castle
On Sealy Avenue at 16th Street, on the right when traveling west on Sealy Avenue.
In 1857 John S. Sydnor (1812-1869), former Galveston mayor, built the original two-story, eight-room structure at this site. Samson Heidenheimer (1834-1891) bought it in 1884. The German-born Heidenheimer began with a $100 loan and built a fortune . . . Map (db m128845) HM
77Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — Fort San Jacinto
On Seawall Boulevard at Boddecker Drive, on the left when traveling east on Seawall Boulevard.
The northeastern tip of Galveston Island has seen defense fortifications since the early 1800's. Crude Spanish and French forts (1816-1818) gave way to small sand forts and batteries constructed by the Republic of Texas from 1836 to 1844. In 1863 . . . Map (db m78508) HM
78Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 11889 — Franklin-Wandless House
On Avenue M at 20th Street, on the right when traveling west on Avenue M.
Built in 1886 to replace a house destroyed in the great Strand fire, this was the home of Robert Morris and Sarah Franklin. Robert Franklin (1839-1923) was the son of Benjamin C. Franklin, the Battle of San Jacinto veteran for whom Franklin County . . . Map (db m59423) HM
79Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7454 — Frederich-Erhard House
On Ball Street at 14th Street, on the right when traveling west on Ball Street.
Galveston native and banker William John Frederich, Sr. (1852-1898), had this house built for his family in 1894. After his death, his widow Jeanne sold the home to his nephew, Frederich William Erhard, in 1909. The home remained in the Erhard . . . Map (db m59378) HM
80Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 64 — Fredrick William Beissner House
On 17th Street at Ball Street, on the right when traveling south on 17th Street.
Designed by Galveston architect William H. Roystone for local real estate agent Frederick William Beissner (1854-1905) and his wife Mary, this Victorian-era home was built in 1888. Its elaborate Eastlake details include turned posts, jigsawn porch . . . Map (db m60498) HM
81Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 17948 — Gaido's Famous Seafood Restaurant
On Seawall Boulevard at 39th Street, on the left when traveling east on Seawall Boulevard.
Founded in 1911 as a sandwich shop at Seawall and 23rd street by Italian immigrant San Giacinto "Cinto" Gaido, in 1920 Gaido's became Galveston's first seafront restaurant open year round. Cinto's motto was "Learn what is wanted and then serve" and . . . Map (db m180028) HM
82Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7472 — Galveston "News", C.S.A.
On Teichman Road just west of Commodore Drive, on the right when traveling west.
Founded 1842 by Samuel Bangs, Texas' first printer. Published after 1843 by Willard Richardson, who put up the first 4-story building in Galveston to house the offices and printing plant. Soon after the Civil War began in 1861, cut back from . . . Map (db m49843) HM
83Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 13269 — Galveston Artillery Club
Near 31st Street at Avenue N 1/2, on the left when traveling north.
By 1840, a year after its incorporation, the city of Galveston was home to approximately 1,200 residents, the entry point for scores of immigrants and a major coastal shipping port. Ongoing tensions between the young Republic of Texas and Mexico had . . . Map (db m59444) HM
84Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7458 — Galveston Children's Home
On 21st Street, on the right when traveling south.
Founded in 1878 by George Dealey (1829-1891), the Galveston Children's Home moved to this location in 1880. Henry Rosenberg gave money to construct a massive Gothic revival building here in 1894-95. It was destroyed by the storm of 1900. Newspaper . . . Map (db m51269) HM
85Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — Galveston County Communities
Near Avenue H east of Moody Avenue, on the right when traveling west.
Communities of Galveston County were established as follows: Algoa was named following the 1900 storm for a British Tanker which ran aground there. Alta Loma was given the Spanish Name, “High Ground,” by a development . . . Map (db m118298) HM
86Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7468 — Galveston Garten Verein
On Avenue O at 27th Street, on the right when traveling west on Avenue O.
In design of a Teutonic Club; all stockholders were of German descent. Center for city's social life, 1876-1923, complex had an octagonal dance pavilion, tennis courts, bowling and tenpin alleys, bandstand, fountains. The complex was site of . . . Map (db m56238) HM
87Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 13717 — Galveston Historical Foundation
On Post Office Street at 20th Street, on the right when traveling east on Post Office Street.
In 1871, twelve men formed the Galveston Historical Society to preserve the history of Texas by collecting important documents. The group and its archive grew, but in 1880, the secretary died, telling no one where to find the collection. In 1885, . . . Map (db m118966) HM
88Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7469 — Galveston Immigration Stations
On Strand St., on the right when traveling west.
Galveston was the port of entry for thousands of immigrants who settled in Texas and the southwest. Federal laws enacted in 1875 ended the unrestricted entry of immigrants into the country and led to the establishment of the area's first U.S. . . . Map (db m30449) HM
89Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7457 — Galveston in the Republic of Texas
On Moody Avenue (21st Street) at Avenue G, on the right when traveling north on Moody Avenue (21st Street).
Galveston Island, for centuries a crossroads for Indians, privateers, Spanish and French explorers, for a time was capital of the Republic of Texas. This was during the Texas War for Independence, when Santa Anna was making his 1836 invasion. On . . . Map (db m36130) HM
90Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7470 — Galveston Island
Near Ferry Road (State Highway 87) 0.2 miles north of Avalon Way.
Few spots have played a more exciting role in the life of Texas than Galveston Island. Cabeza de Vaca, the Spanish explorer, wrote of the cannibalistic Karankawa Indians when he was shipwrecked here in 1528. The island became headquarters for . . . Map (db m70785) HM
91Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7471 — Galveston Medical College(originally located one mile west)
Near The Strand Street east of 11th Street.
First medical college in Texas and predecessor of the University of Texas Medical Branch, the school opened in 1865 as a branch of Soule University at Chappell Hill. Although equipment during the first session consisted of one skeleton, one . . . Map (db m87301) HM
92Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7473 — Galveston Office of the National Weather Service
On 25th Street at Avenue F, on the right when traveling south on 25th Street.
First weather service office in Texas, and one of first in the United States; established April 19, 1871, slightly over a year after Congress passed an act in Feb. 1870 creating the Public Weather Service of the United States under the Army Signal . . . Map (db m56267) HM
93Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 1826 — Galveston Orphans Home
On Moody Avenue south of Avenue M Rear, on the right when traveling south.
The Island City Orphans Home of the 1870s and 1880s was created to provide refuge for Protestant and Jewish children in Galveston. The orphanage operated out of its original wooden structure for the next twelve years, narrowly escaping destruction . . . Map (db m103074) HM
94Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7474 — Galveston Quarantine Stations
Near Seawolf Parkway.
Unregulated entry of immigrants through the Port of Galveston in the late 1830s greatly contributed to local outbreaks of yellow fever and other communicable diseases. The young city instituted quarantine measures in 1839 and in 1853 built Texas' . . . Map (db m127634) HM
95Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — Galveston Seawall and Grade RaisingNational Historic Civil Engineering Landmark — American Society of Civil Engineers 1852 —
Near Seawall Boulevard, 0.3 miles east of 53rd Street, on the right when traveling east.
Following the hurricane of 1900, the greatest natural disaster of U.S. history, with the loss of 6,000 lives, civil engineers designed and built a concrete seawall and raised the elevation of Galveston Island, using pioneering materials and . . . Map (db m90439) HM
96Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — Galveston World War I Honor Roll
On Seawall Boulevard east of 28th Street, on the left when traveling east.
1917   Honor Roll   1918 We with uncovered head salute the sacred dead who went and who return not. McDonald, Margaret • Astal, Douglas N. • Berg, George • Bone, Albert R. • Brown, William H. • Burke, C.T. • Carrague, Michael T. • . . . Map (db m90705) WM
97Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7459 — Galveston, C. S. A.
Near North Holiday Drive, on the right when traveling south.
Most important Texas seaport during the Civil War. Had consulates of England, France and Spain and worldwide recognition as a cotton exporter. Set up defenses including 10 mud forts and gun batteries on beaches, at railroad depot and on Pelican . . . Map (db m59397) HM
98Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7460 — Galveston: Gateway to Texas
Near Seawolf Parkway.
From the time of the earliest documented history, the Gulf of Mexico has been the main point of entry into Texas. Some settlers of the 1820s even came by keelboat, going ashore along the way to kill game, in the same way an overland party would live . . . Map (db m127635) HM
99Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 7183 — General Sidney Sherman
On Broadway at 7th Street, in the median on Broadway.
Born in Massachusetts July 26. 1805. Came to Texas February 1836 as captain of a company of volunteers he had recruited in Kentucky and Ohio. Commanded the second regiment of volunteers at San Jacinto. First to sound the immortal war cry opening the . . . Map (db m49823) HM
100Texas, Galveston County, Galveston — 278 — George Campbell Childress(January 8, 1804 - October 6, 1841)
Near Moody Avenue at Winnie Street, on the left when traveling south.
Born into a prominent Nashville, Tennessee, family, George Campbell Childress attended Davidson Academy (later the University of Nashville). He was admitted to the bar in 1828, the same year he married Margaret Vance. She died in 1835, soon after . . . Map (db m50006) HM

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Mar. 21, 2023