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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Richland County, South Carolina

 
Clickable Map of Richland County, South Carolina and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Richland County, SC (344) Calhoun County, SC (17) Fairfield County, SC (34) Kershaw County, SC (114) Lexington County, SC (61) Newberry County, SC (40) Sumter County, SC (76)  RichlandCounty(344) Richland County (344)  CalhounCounty(17) Calhoun County (17)  FairfieldCounty(34) Fairfield County (34)  KershawCounty(114) Kershaw County (114)  LexingtonCounty(61) Lexington County (61)  NewberryCounty(40) Newberry County (40)  SumterCounty(76) Sumter County (76)
Columbia is the county seat for Richland County
Adjacent to Richland County, South Carolina
      Calhoun County (17)  
      Fairfield County (34)  
      Kershaw County (114)  
      Lexington County (61)  
      Newberry County (40)  
      Sumter County (76)  
 
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1 South Carolina, Richland County, Blythewood — 40-162 — Bethel Baptist Church
Bethel Baptist Church was founded in 1884 by black members of nearby Sandy Level Baptist Church seeking to organize a separate congregation. They met at first in a brush arbor, then built a frame sanctuary here in 1892. It was covered in granite . . . Map (db m43391) HM
2 South Carolina, Richland County, Blythewood — 40-210 — Blythewood School
The first school built here c.1890 was a two-room frame building that was replaced c.1918 by a two-story brick school. In 1921 another classroom building and an auditorium were added. The federal Works Progress Administration helped fund several . . . Map (db m138341) HM
3 South Carolina, Richland County, Blythewood — 40-135 — George P. Hoffman House
(Front text) This house was built ca. 1855 for George P. Hoffman (1829-1902), a native of N.C. Hoffman ran a nearby sawmill and became the first postmaster of Doko (as Blythewood was first known) in 1856. This area was part of Fairfield . . . Map (db m42607) HM
4 South Carolina, Richland County, Blythewood — 40-201 — Little Zion Baptist Church
The congregation at Little Zion dates to c. 1832, when enslaved individuals worshipped in white-controlled churches. After emancipation, these former slaves founded independent congregations like this one. A group led by Doctor Entzminger purchased . . . Map (db m123500) HM
5 South Carolina, Richland County, Blythewood — 40-137 — Sandfield Baptist Church / Sandfield Cemetery
Sandfield Baptist Church Twenty-Five Mile Creek Church, a Primitive Baptist congregation, was organized in this area before 1772. It was renamed Sandfield Church by ca. 1830 and the mother church for Cedar Creek, Harmony, Jackson Creek, and . . . Map (db m43103) HM
6 South Carolina, Richland County, Blythewood — 40-138 — Sandy Level Baptist Church
(Front text) Twenty-Five Mile Creek Church, a Primitive Baptist congregation, was organized in this area before 1772. The mother church for several area Baptist churches, it was renamed Sandfield ca. 1830 and stood about 3 mi. E. Sandfield . . . Map (db m42996) HM
7 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-54 — 100th Inf Division
At this site on 15 November 1942, Maj. Gen. W. A. Burress received the 100th Infantry Division colors, marking the official activation of the "Century Division." After a distinguished World War II record in southern France and Germany, the 100th was . . . Map (db m59240) HM
8 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-??1 — 102nd Cavalry
Formed 1890 as the Essex Troop of Lt. Cavalry; mustered into the N.J. National Guard in 1893. After World War I service, became 102nd Cav. in 1921. Reorganized 1940 as 102nd Cav. (Horse- Mechanized); mobilized for active duty in World War II and . . . Map (db m59237) HM
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9 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-57 — 106th Inf Division
Near this site on 15 March 1943 the 106th Infantry Division was officially activated and became known as the "Golden Lion Division." Although badly mauled in the "Battle of the Bulge," the division stubbornly continued to fight on. The 106th saw . . . Map (db m59236) HM
10 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-??2 — 108th Division
The “Golden Griffon” Division was created in 1946 as the 108th Airborne Division of the Army Reserve. It was reorganized as an infantry division in 1952, as a training division in 1956, and as an institutional training division in 1993. . . . Map (db m59234) HM
11 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-117 — 26th Inf Division
The "Yankee" Division, which saw extensive combat in World War I, was mobilized for active duty in World War II in January 1941. It trained here in 1942-43 and again in 1944, leaving 16 August 1944 for Europe. As part of 3rd Army the division was . . . Map (db m59251) HM
12 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-55 — 30th Inf Division
(Front text) After a brilliant combat record in World War I and 14 years of dedicated National Guard service, the "Old Hickory" Division was mobilized at Fort Jackson, S. C. on 16 September 1940. During World War II, the 30th Division . . . Map (db m59247) HM
13 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-119 — 31st Inf Division
"It shall be done" The "Dixie" Division, created in 1917, spent most of World War II as a training division, with some units training at Ft. Jackson, but later saw combat in the Philippines 1944-45. The postwar "Dixie" Division, composed . . . Map (db m59248) HM
14 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-96 — 4th Infantry Division
Organized in 1917, the 4th Infantry Division was stationed in this area at Ft. Jackson during World War II and received its final training here for the June 6, 1944 D-Day invasion of Normandy. The division was one of the first on the beaches. The . . . Map (db m59246) HM
15 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-93 — 77th Inf Division
The "Statue of Liberty Division" was reviewed by England's Winston Churchill and President Franklin D. Roosevelt after it was reactivated here in 1942. The 77th fought in World War II Pacific campaigns of Guam, Leyte, Kerama Retto Islands, and . . . Map (db m59252) HM
16 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-56 — 87th Inf Division
Activated at Camp McCain, Miss. in 1942, the "Golden Acorn" Division trained at this site in 1944. The division distinguished itself in the Ardennes, the Rhineland, and Central Europe during the Battle of the Bulge, the assault of the Sauer, . . . Map (db m59253) HM
17 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-98 — 8th Infantry Division
Activated in 1918 and inspected by Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower and Lt. Gen. George S. Patton during World War II, the 8th landed in France 28 days after D-Day (the invasion of Normandy) and participated in three other campaigns during the war. The . . . Map (db m59249) HM
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18 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — A Bridge to the Past
In 1819 a covered bridge was built to span this part of the Saluda River. Confederate Troops burned the bridge in 1865 hoping to stop the advance of General Sherman's army. The burning didn't halt Sherman -- he ordered the construction of a . . . Map (db m45031) HM
19 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — African-American Heroes of the 371st Regiment
In tribute & honor to the gallant African American heroes of of the 371st Infantry Regiment 93rd Division "Colored" of World War I. They were South Carolinians sent into the bloody trenches of World War I. These brave black soldiers survived on . . . Map (db m108821) HM WM
20 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-207 — Benjamin Mack House
Educator and civil rights leader Benjamin Mack (1916-1970) lived in this house from the late 1950s until his death in 1970. Mack was a graduate of Booker T. Washington H.S. and S.C. State Univ. He taught at Lower Richland H.S. in the 1940s where he . . . Map (db m124523) HM
21 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-123 — Bethel Methodist Church
This church was organized in 1835 in what was then rural Richland District. The first sanctuary here, built soon afterwards, burned in a forest fire in 1867; the cemetery dates from as early as 1862. The second sanctuary, built in 1868, was . . . Map (db m43709) HM
22 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Bridge at Remagen Stone
This stone was part of the piers supporting the historic Ludendorff Bridge which once spanned the Rhine River at Remagen, Germany. A forward patrol of the US 9th Armored Division captured the bridge in a surprise attack on March 7, 1945, . . . Map (db m59296) HM
23 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-47 — Camp Jackson
Named in honor of Gen. Andrew Jackson. This cantonment site 1 ½ mi. north was approved by the War Dept. June 2, 1917. Maximum strength was recorded in June 1918: 3,302 officers; 45,402 men. 81st Division was trained here Aug. 29, 1917-May 18, . . . Map (db m30740) HM
24 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Darby Field
Darby Field Named in honor of Brigadier General William O. Darby, U.S.Army Killed in action 1945 Erected June 1979 By his West Point classmates, USMA 1933 And the William O. Darby Ranger Memorial Foundation To honor his . . . Map (db m59297) HM
25 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — Diamond HillThe home of Lt. General Wade Hampton, C.S.A.
Known as "Diamond Hill," which was burned by Union Troops during their invasion of Columbia, February 17, 1865, was located 125 feet due south of this spot. The stones in this monument formed part of the foundation of that home.Map (db m46448) HM
26 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-39 — Early Country Homes
In this malaria-free sandhill section were the antebellum summer homes of many Columbians: Quinine Hill (Dr. J. M. Taylor, Dr. James Davis); Hilltop (W. J. Taylor); Edgehill (B. F. Taylor); Laurel Hill (D. J. McCord); . . . Map (db m30246) HM
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27 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-40 — Fisher's Mill on Gill Creek
About 1800, Col. Thomas Taylor erected the small building, 1/4 mile upstream, where cotton goods were woven for his plantation needs. Here John and Edward Fisher later established one of the earliest spinning mills in Richland County, using slave . . . Map (db m30454) HM
28 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-?? — Fort Jackson Elementary School / Hood Street Elementary School
Fort Jackson Elementary School Fort Jackson Elementary School was one of the first public schools in S.C. to desegregate when classes began on September 3, 1963. The first school on post and one of the first permanent buildings at Fort . . . Map (db m59230) HM
29 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-175 — I. DeQuincey Newman House
Front Isaiah DeQuincey Newman (1911~1985), Methodist minister, civil rights leader, and state senator, lived here from 1960 until his death. Born in Darlington County, he attended Claflin College and was a graduate of Clark College and . . . Map (db m57481) HM
30 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — In Memory of the John H. Rose Family
In memory of the John H. Rose Family Property located to the north of this marker is part of a farm once belonging to John H. Rose an area pioneer from Fayetteville, N.C. A grist mill and saw mill on property was burned by Gen. Sherman's army. . . . Map (db m52370) HM
31 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-172 — Pine Grove Rosenwald School
This school, built in 1923 at a cost of $2,500, is one of 500 African-American schools in S.C. funded in part by the Julius Rosenwald Foundation from 1917 to 1932. It is a two-room school typical of smaller Rosenwald schools. From 1923 to . . . Map (db m46343) HM
32 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — The "Columbiad" Cannon10 inch
This 10 inch Columbiad Cannon defended Charleston Harbor from 1863 until the end of the War Between the States in 1865. It has a smooth, non-rifled, bore and fires a 10 inch round ball weighing 104 pounds. The markings on this cannon tell a . . . Map (db m51733) HM
33 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — William Earle Berne Beltway
Named in 1980 by the South Carolina State Highways and Public Transportation Commission in recognition of Dr. Berne’s distinguished service during three terms as a member of the Highway Commission representing the Fifth Highway District (Richland . . . Map (db m52107) HM
34 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-46 — Woodlands and Millwood
1 ½ mi. south was Woodlands, built before 1800 by Wade Hampton, I (1752-1835), Colonel in Revolution, Major General in War of 1812. ¼ mi. north was Millwood, built before 1820 by Wade Hampton II (1791-1858), aide to Gen. Jackson, War of 1812. . . . Map (db m52477) HM
35 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia — 40-178 — Zion Chapel Baptist Church No. 1
This African-American church was organized ca. 1865 when four men left Sandy Level Baptist Church, founded before the Revolution with both white and black members, to form their own congregation. They elected Rev. Joe Taylor as . . . Map (db m63303) HM
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36 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — Arsenal Hill
Occupying the highest point in downtown Columbia, Arsenal Hill is named for the military academy established here in 1842 as a companion to The Citadel in Charleston. Since the late 1700s, this 30 block neighborhood has been home to black and . . . Map (db m41643) HM
37 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — Arsenal Hill
Situated within the two-mile square grid that defined Columbia's original city limits in 1786, Arsenal Hill enjoys the distinction of being one of the second state capital's oldest neighborhoods. Established by the 1820's as a fashionable . . . Map (db m41837) HM
38 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — Boylston House & Boxwood Gardens
The National Register of Historic Places South Carolina Department of Archives and History: Boylston House & Boxwood GardensMap (db m50930) HM
39 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — 40-11 — Cemetery of the Columbia Hebrew Benevolent Society
In this cemetery, 2½ blocks south, on Gadsden Street, are buried many distinguished Jewish citizens, including two mayors of Columbia: Mordecai Hendricks DeLeon (1791-1849) and Henry Lyons (1805-1858). The Benevolent Society was organized in . . . Map (db m28126) HM
40 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — Duke of Albemarle(1608-1670)
General George Monck Helped restore Charles II Commander of Royal Forces Colonel of Coldstream GuardsMap (db m50958) HM
41 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — Earl of Clarendon(1609-1674)
Born Edward Hyde Lord High Chancellor for Charles II Persecuted the Dissenters Exiled for Private Life Daughter Married James IIMap (db m50956) HM
42 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — 40-26 — Entrance to Cemetery of the Columbia Hebrew Benevolent Society
The society has been in continuous existence since its organization in 1822. It was chartered 1834. Its charities are administered to the needs of the community without regard to creed or race.Map (db m27965) HM
43 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — Fleishman Family Chapel
Dedicated to the Fleishman Family, whose family members have served as officers of the Columbia Hebrew Benevolent Society over four generations covering three centuries. Their untiring and devoted service to the Society has been a mitsvah benefiting . . . Map (db m61562) HM
44 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — 40-12 — Governor's Mansion
Arsenal Academy, converted from a state arsenal, occupied this square from 1842 to 1865 when Union troops burned all the Academy buildings except Officers' Quarters, erected 1855. Since 1868 this building has been the Governor's Mansion.Map (db m28127) HM
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45 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — 40-184 — Harriett Cornwell Tourist Home
This home’s first owner was John R. Cornwell, an African American business man and civic leader who owned a successful barber shop on Main St. After his death, Cornwell’s wife Hattie and daughters Geneva Scott and Harriett Cornwell lived here. From . . . Map (db m123485) HM
46 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — 40-223 — Hettie Anderson Homesite
(side 1) Harriette “Hettie” Eugenia Anderson, acclaimed African American art model of the Gilded Age, grew up in a house at this site. Anderson was born in Columbia around 1875 to Caroline (Lee) Scott and Benjamin Dickerson. Her mother's . . . Map (db m226614) HM
47 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — Lace House
The National Register of Historic Places South Carolina Department of Archives and History: Lace HouseMap (db m50929) HM
48 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — Lord Ashley(1621-1673)
Earl of Shaftesbury Anthony Ashley Cooper Two Rivers Named for Him Supporter of Political Freedom Friend of John LockeMap (db m50948) HM
49 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — Lord John Berkeley(1607-1678)
First Baron Berkeley of Stratton Supporter of the Stuarts Skillful Military Commander Loyal to the Royal Line Followed Charles II into ExileMap (db m50953) HM
50 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — Lord William Craven(1606-1697)
Colonel in the English Civil War Lord Proprietor of New Jersey Foreign Military Service On Privy Council of King Died at 89, Unmarried.Map (db m50940) HM
51 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — Palmetto Arsenal / Iron Works1880 Lincoln Street 1850
This sundried brick structure on a stone foundation was a arsenal which produced many guns and edged weapons for the state before and during the Civil War. Destroyed by General Sherman's army in 1865 it was soon rebuilt to manufacture iron works . . . Map (db m42724) HM
52 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — Philip Simmons
Philip Simmons, renowned Charleston blacksmith, designed these wrought iron entrance gates and they were fabricated at the Simmons Blacksmith Shop by his apprentices Joseph Pringle (cousin) and Carlton Simmons (nephew). The men forged . . . Map (db m50925) HM
53 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — 40-160 — Richard Samuel Roberts House
(Front text) Richard Samuel Roberts (1880-1936), a photographer who documented individuals, families, and institutions in Columbia’s black community and across S.C., lived here from 1920 until his death. Roberts, a self-taught photographer, . . . Map (db m53404) HM
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54 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — Sir George Carteret(1615-1680)
Of Old French Stock From the Isle of Jersey N.C. Cape, County Named for Him New Jersey Named for His Birthplace Honored by Charles IIMap (db m50957) HM
55 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — Sir John Colleton(1608-1666)
Colonel in English Civil War Gallant Naval Officer Retired to Barbados County Named for HimMap (db m50941) HM
56 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — Sir William Berkeley(1606-1677)
Brother of John Berkeley Governor of Virginia Loyal to Charles II Hung Bacon's Supporters Opposed Schools and PrintingMap (db m50938) HM
57 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — 40-13 — Site of Palmetto Iron Works
On the SW corner of this square was located the Palmetto Armory, later called Palmetto Iron Works, originally built for converting flint and steel muskets into percussion guns. Arms and munitions were manufactured here during the Confederate War, . . . Map (db m21802) HM
58 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — 40-165 — South Carolina Memorial Gardens
(Front text) This garden was established in 1944 by the Garden Club of South Carolina. It was the first memorial garden in the U.S. created by a state garden club in honor and in memory of those who served in World War II. Sarah P. Boylston . . . Map (db m32784) HM
59 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — 40-209 — St. Timothy's Episcopal Church
(Side 1) St. Timothy’s Episcopal Church dates to 1892 and is the third oldest Episcopal parish in Columbia. It began as a mission to provide Sunday School for the children of Arsenal Hill. As the congregation grew the church moved, first . . . Map (db m138394) HM
60 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — The Figure Eight in South Carolina
The symbolism of the number "8" in South Carolina's history and government is probably a coincidence; it began with Charles II's appointment of eight (8) Lords Proprietors for the Carolinas. They are named in the fountain placques. Then there . . . Map (db m50936) HM
61 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Arsenal Hill — The Gonzales Fountain
The Fountain was Given to the People of South Carolina In Honor of William Elliott Gonzales 1866 - 1937 A Founder and Editor of The StateMap (db m50955) HM
62 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Cottontown/Belleview — Confederate Soldiers Home
Confederate Soldiers Home by an act of the General Assembly in 1908, an infirmary was established on this site for the infirm and destitute Confederate Soldiers and Sailors of the state in 1925. Eligibility for admission was extended to wives and . . . Map (db m46504) HM
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63 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Cottontown/Belleview — Geiger Ave. Cemetery
In loving memory this cemetery contains Confederate Veterans and their families in the central area and State Hospital patients in surrounding locations.Map (db m51180) HM
64 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Cottontown/Belleview — 40-187 — S.C. Confederate Soldiers’ Home
(side 1) The Confederate Infirmary opened here in 1909. S.C. was the last southern state to create a residence for indigent Civil War veterans. Legislation authorized space for two veterans from each county. The United Daughters of the . . . Map (db m123487) HM
65 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Earlewood — Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865
(Front): Confederate 1861 - Soldiers - 1865 Erected by The Confederate Home Albertson, Maberry; Bethea, W. F.; Brooks, Robert; Brown, G. W.; Bozman, William; Bush, J. E.; Carter, F. M.; Cameron, W. C.; Chambers, H. A.; Connell, W. E; . . . Map (db m46844) HM
66 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Earlewood — Elmwood Cemetery Confederate Soldiers
J Baker • Samuel Hill • J C Schroeder William Barefoot • W D Hutto • Sindal Joseph Burns • R Johnson • A Smith F Butler • P P Killebrew • J Smith R Campbell • D F McFarland • Scott Nimrod Smith A C Catlett • McMaster • Suber J Darrell • . . . Map (db m46632) HM
67 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Earlewood — Site of the Surrender of Columbia, SC
Erected Feb. 17, 1914 by Wade Hampton Chapter, U.D.C. On the spot where Mayor T.J. Goodwyn surrendered the city of Columbia to Gen. W.T. Sherman Feb. 17, 1865 Councilmen O.Z. Bates • Samuel Leapheart John Stork • John McKenzie W.B. Stanley • . . . Map (db m46453) HM
68 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Earlewood — Unknown Confederate Dead Monument
(East): Soldiers of the Confederate States (South): “The death of men is not the death of rights that urged them to the fray.” (West): A loving memory from the Richland Memorial Association . . . Map (db m46628) HM
69 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Elmwood Park — 40-10 — Old State Fair Grounds Reported missing
This square is part of the tract where state fairs were held 1856-61, 1869-1903. The buildings, used 1861-65 for Confederate barracks and hospital, as well as nitre and mining bureau in charge of Joseph LeConte and James Woodrow, were burned by . . . Map (db m28022) HM
70 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Elmwood Park — 40-10 — State Fairgrounds
(side 1) This block was part of the fairgrounds where the S.C. State Fair was held 1856-1861 and 1869-1903. The fair, sponsored by the State Agricultural Society, featured agricultural, mechanical, household, and art exhibits. During the . . . Map (db m226613) HM
71 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Greenview — 40-163 — Monteith School
(Front text) This African-American school, built nearby before 1900, was originally New Hope School, a white school affiliated with Union Church. It closed about 1914. In 1921 Rachel Hull Monteith (d. 1958) opened Nelson School as a black . . . Map (db m35946) HM
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72 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Heathwood — 40 - 176 — Redfern Field / Paul R. Redfern
Front This is the site of Redfern Field, established in 1923 as the first commercial airfield in Columbia. Paul Rinaldo Redfern (1902 ~ 1927?) had shown an early interest in and aptitude for aviation, building his first full-scale airplane . . . Map (db m59061) HM
73 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — 40-4 — "Chesnut Cottage"
Temporary wartime home of Gen. and Mrs. James Chesnut. Here they entertained Jefferson Davis, president, C. S. A., and his staff, October 5, 1864. President Davis addressed the citizens of Columbia from the front steps of this cottage.Map (db m27960) HM
74 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — 40-3 — "Commissioners' Oak"
In April 1786 Alexander Gillon, Henry Pendleton, Richard Winn, Richard Hampton, and Thomas Taylor, Commissioners appointed to lay out Columbia, are said to have met under an oak which grew near here. According to tradition the first court and jury . . . Map (db m46449) HM
75 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — "The Spirit of the American Doughboy "E. M. Viquesney
(Right panel) World War I was largly fought in trenches six feet deep along the Western Front which extended nearly four hundred miles, from Northern France to the French-Swiss border. Enemy trenches were close by and seperated from . . . Map (db m43912) WM
76 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — 40 214 — Edwards v. S.C.
On March 2, 1961, over 200 African American college and high school students marched 6 blocks from Zion Baptist Church to the S.C. State House in an NAACP-organized protest of racial segregation. Led by Benedict College theology student David . . . Map (db m219128) HM
77 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — 1001 Gervais StreetReclaiming Historic Facades
Preservation efforts in the Congaree Vista have returned historic structures to their 19th- and early-20th century appearances. A perfect example is the ca. 1900 commercial structure changed dramatically for use as an automobile tire store (seen . . . Map (db m134992) HM
78 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — 1896 Power Plant
To meet growing demands for electricity, the Columbia Water and Power Company constructed this power plant, the Columbia Hydro Plant, in 1896. It replaced the 1894 power facility upstream. This Hydro Plant provided power for city lights, . . . Map (db m7351) HM
79 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — 40-212 — 1900 Block of Henderson Street / William J. Sumter
(side 1) 1900 Block of Henderson Street This block features a dense collection of late 19th and early 20th c. houses historically associated with and home to African Americans. Residing here through the mid-1900s were many . . . Map (db m146467) HM
80 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — 9 -11 / First Responders
South Carolina Remembers the 2752 victims and 416 First Responders from New York City that gave their lives on September 11, 2001Map (db m50333) HM
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81 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — A Fortunate Survivor
The Woodrow Wilson Family Home is South Carolina's only presidential site and Columbia's earliest example of historic preservation advocacy. Traditionally celebrated for its association with the nation's 28th president, this circa-1871 property also . . . Map (db m134993) HM
82 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — A Living Sanctuary: Zion Baptist Church and Columbia's Civil Rights Struggle — Our Story Matters —
In the aftermath of Emancipation and the Civil War, African American churches were integral to the formation of strong communities across the American South. During the Jim Crow era, African American ministers and church members led social and . . . Map (db m226624) HM
83 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — A Tribute To All U.S. Military Personnel On This Day Of Infamy
In memory of the 2403 men who gave their lives in our military forces during the attack on Pearl Harbor and other military bases 7 December 1941 A tribute to all U.S. Military Personnel on this Day Of Infamy . . . Map (db m45075) HM
84 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — African-American History Monument
[South Panel]: Gang of 25 Sea Island Cotton and Rice Negroes by Louis De Saussure On Thursday, the 25th Sept., 1852, at 11 o'clock A.M. will be sold by Ryan's Mart, in Chalmers Street, in the City of Charleston, A prime . . . Map (db m50922) HM
85 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — 40-156 — Alston House
This Greek Revival cottage, built ca. 1872, was the residence and business of Caroline Alston, a black businesswoman who lived and ran a dry goods store here as early as 1873. She purchased the house in 1888, becoming one of the few black business . . . Map (db m138190) HM
86 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — An Enduring Landmark
Columbia was founded as South Carolina's second capital on March 22, 1786. Brothers James and Thomas Taylor owned much of the land that comprised the original city limits, including the tract upon which the Seibels House was erected in 1796.Map (db m134954) HM
87 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — 40-90 — Assembly Street
In 1786, when Columbia was established as the State Capital, the General Assembly decided that two principal thoroughfares should run perpendicular to each other through the center of town. One of these, Assembly Street, was named for the . . . Map (db m7498) HM
88 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — Battleship Maine Memorial
This gun came off the Battleship Maine The Sinking of the Maine resulted in the Spanish American War 1898Map (db m7503) HM
89 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — 40-147 — Benedict College
Front Benedict College, founded in 1870 by the American Baptist Home Mission Society to educate freedmen and their descendants, was originally called Benedict Institute. It was named for Stephen and Bathsheba Benedict of Rhode Island, . . . Map (db m52787) HM
90 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — Benjamin Franklin Randolph Monument
. . . Map (db m50962) HM
91 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — Benjamin Ryan Tillman
[North]: Born August 11, 1847 - Died July 3, 1918 Married Sallie Starke January 8, 1868 Patriot • Statesman Governor of South Carolina 1890-1894 United States Senate 1895-1918 In the World War, Chairman Senate Committee on . . . Map (db m50899) HM
92 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — 40-191 — Beth Shalom Cemetery
In 1883 members of Columbia’s Jewish community founded the Hebrew Cemetery Society of Columbia as an alternative to the Hebrew Benevolent Society’s cemetery, which had been established in 1822. The organization purchased a 4-acre tract bounded by . . . Map (db m123490) HM
93 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — 40-193 — Beth Shalom Synagogue
In 1905 disagreements over religious practices divided members of Columbia’s Tree of Life Synagogue. Jews embracing Orthodoxy formed a new synagogue, which they named Beth Shalom (House of Peace). Meetings were held in a private home on the corner . . . Map (db m123492) HM
94 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — 40-150 — Bethel A.M.E. Church
This church, founded in 1866, was one of the first separate African-American congregations established in Columbia after the Civil War. It met in buildings on Wayne St., at Lincoln & Hampton Sts., and at Sumter & Hampton Sts. before acquiring . . . Map (db m223589) HM
95 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — 40-25 — Birthplace of General Maxcy Gregg
Maxcy Gregg, Confederate General and leader in Southern Rights Movement, was born Aug. 1, 1815 in a house on this site. Member of committee which framed the ordinance of secession, Dec. 1860; Colonel 1st Regiment South Carolina Volunteers; . . . Map (db m21775) HM
96 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — 40-66 — Blanding Street
Originally named Walnut Street, Blanding Street was by 1869 renamed for Abram Blanding, a Massachusetts native who came to Columbia in 1797 to take charge of Columbia Male Academy. Blanding was admitted to the bar in 1802 and served two terms in the . . . Map (db m21823) HM
97 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — 40-78 — Blossom Street
This street is thought to take its name from the cotton blossom. Cotton became an important commercial crop in South Carolina after the cotton gin was patented by Eli Whitney in 1794. A variety of cotton, known as Sea Island cotton and grown along . . . Map (db m21777) HM
98 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — 40-149 — Blossom Street School / Celia Dial Saxon School
Blossom Street School Blossom Street School, at the corner of what was then Blossom & Gates (now Park) Streets, was built in 1898 as the first public school in Columbia south of Senate Street. A frame building, it was originally a school for . . . Map (db m30075) HM
99 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — Booker T. Washington High School
Booker T. Washington High School 1916 - 1974   From the day it opened its doors in 1916 Booker T. Washington High School played a major roll in the life of Columbia's black community. Originally a school with all grades, . . . Map (db m58983) HM
100 South Carolina, Richland County, Columbia, Midtown - Downtown — 40-164 — Booker T. Washington School/Booker T. Washington High
Booker T. Washington School The two-story main building at Booker T. Washington School, built in 1916, stood here until 1975. At first an elementary school with grades 1-10, it became Booker T. Washington High School with grades 9-10 in . . . Map (db m123474) HM

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Sep. 27, 2023