“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in North Dakota

Custer and Hiddenwood Cliff Marker image, Touch for more information
By Ruth VanSteenwyk, August 15, 2017
Custer and Hiddenwood Cliff Marker
1 North Dakota, Adams County, Hettinger — Custer and Hiddenwood Cliff
Guided to Hiddenwood Cliff by Sioux and Arikara scouts, General George Armstrong Custer and the 7th Cavalry camped on this famed buffalo hunting spot on July 8, 1874. The Custer Expedition was on its way to the Black Hills in South Dakota and . . . Map (db m113252) HM
2 North Dakota, Adams County, Hettinger — Recognizing our Past
Yellowstone Trail The Yellowstone Trail was the first transcontinental automobile highway through he United States northern tier. The highway was created from a grassroots movement of local volunteers and originated near this . . . Map (db m113251) HM
3 North Dakota, Adams County, Hettinger — The Last Great Buffalo Hunts1882 - 1883
In 1882 and 1883, the American buffalo made their last stand here in the valley of Hiddenwood and within a 30-mile range of this area. Hiddenwood Cliff, directly opposite across Hiddenwood Creek, was an ancient landmark for buffalo hunting tribes . . . Map (db m113254) HM
4 North Dakota, Barnes County, Dazey — Sibley TrailCamp Corning — July 16-17, 1863 —
{Title is text}Map (db m176539) HM WM
5 North Dakota, Barnes County, Kathryn — A Tribute to Pioneer Living / Building a Hand-Hewn Cabin
A Tribute to Pioneer Living This small cabin was constructed in 1878 by Norwegian immigrant Carl Bjerke Jensen and his nephew John Bjerke. Carl moved to Dakota Territory from Minnesota with his father, Jens, and brothers, Hans and . . . Map (db m176586) HM
6 North Dakota, Barnes County, Kathryn — Kathryn / Sentinels of the Prairie
Kathryn, a typical prairie town, sprang from the landscape with railroad construction. Although the area was settled by pioneers in the late 1870s, the arrival of a Northern Pacific Railroad line in 1900 and the establishment of a cooperative . . . Map (db m176712) HM
7 North Dakota, Barnes County, Kathryn — Wadeson Cabin Historic Site
This oak log home built in 1878 by Carl Jensen and his nephew John Bjerkie was used as a community center by the single men of the time. A short distance to the north was the Walker flour mill, one of the earliest on the Sheyenne river. . . . Map (db m175433) HM
8 North Dakota, Barnes County, Kathryn — Waldheim Church / Ladies Aid Societies
Waldheim Church During the mid-1880s, the Sheyenne River Valley was beginning to fill with settlers, many of whom were Scandinavian Lutherans eager to follow faith and tradition in providing religious instruction to their . . . Map (db m177201) HM
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9 North Dakota, Barnes County, Kathryn — Walker’s Best / Grinding Away
Walker’s Best The Walker family, Minnesota emigrants, had milling in their blood. In 1879, Hiram Walker established a mill in Valley City. A few years later, his son Myron took over and built a new mill at Oakville—he later bought . . . Map (db m177164) HM
10 North Dakota, Barnes County, Oriska — Geology of North Dakota
The gently rolling landscape here is typical of the Glaciated Plains, a vast area that extends south from Manitoba and Saskatchewan, through northern and eastern North Dakota, into eastern South Dakota. Glaciers flowed south through this area 12,500 . . . Map (db m162958) HM
11 North Dakota, Barnes County, Oriska — Rest Areas in Tree Claims
This rest area is located in a Tree Claim that was planted in 1884. A Tree Claim was issued to homesteaders if they promised to plant at least 10 acres of trees for their continuous supply of fuelwood and fence posts. They would then be given . . . Map (db m162955) HM
12 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — 136 Lb. Rail
“Ribbon” Rail carries the heavier loads of today. Although this short section seems rigid, the ribbon rail is actually flexible. It is welded into long sections which may be up to a quarter mile long! Due to its flexibility, this rail can be . . . Map (db m242765) HM
13 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — 66 Lb. Rail
These 1895 dated rails were taken up from the building site of the Rosebud Visitor Center. While the original Northern Pacific rails at this site were laid in 1872, lighter rail such as this tend to wear out more quickly. Early locomotives were . . . Map (db m242599) HM
14 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — 90 Lb. Rail
The men who organized the Midland Continental had dreams that this line would be a successful transcontinental railroad carrying heavy trains loaded with the abundant grains of the north to the shipping lines of the Texas gulf. However, the . . . Map (db m242708) HM
15 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — Bridge to FaithMaryvale Bridge / National Fish Hatchery
A wooden bridge was originally built at this site in 1935. Damaged over the years by farm traffic, trucks from nearby gravel pits, and occasional flooding, the bridge was reconstructed in 1969 and then totally replaced in 1995. Maryvale . . . Map (db m242399) HM
16 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — Bridges to the PastWest City Park Bridge
In 1879, land developer B.W. Benson cleared this land of the densely covered brush and platted it for residential development along the Sheyenne River. He set the center area aside for a park. Later, Benson sold the entire tract to the city for the . . . Map (db m242288) HM
17 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — Bridging the CommunityValley City State University Bridge
“In front of the building [McFarland Hall] lies the winding and picturesque Sheyenne and beyond it the city, the whole of which may be seen in panorama from the front windows.... The grounds are reached on the city side across a beautiful steel . . . Map (db m242390) HM
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18 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — Bridging TimeMill Dam Bridge
The original bridge in this location was a wooden structure built in 1898. The citizens requested this bridge to access new development in the "Normal Park" addition being developed at that time. The wooden structure was replaced by a concrete . . . Map (db m242397) HM
19 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — Building the RailroadLiving Rail Lines
The process of building a railroad has changed very little through the years (with the exception of the extensive use of power equipment today). The basic materials in a section of track is the same today as it was a century ago. After the . . . Map (db m242581) HM
20 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — Caboose
Caboose BN11603 retired from Alliance, Nebraska and was donated to the Valley City Park District in 1989 by the Burlington Northern Railroad. A caboose though seldom used today, was used to protect the rear of the train, provide shelter and an easy . . . Map (db m242595) HM
21 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — First Boy Scout Encampment in North Dakota
Near this spot was held first Boy Scout Encampment in North Dakota July 12-14, 1912Map (db m242333) HM
22 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — Footbridge to FunCity Park Foot Bridge
The City Park is a peninsula created by an oxbow on the Sheyenne River. Three bridges were built on this oxbow to provide access to the park and for crosstown traffic. The original wooden footbridge, located at this site, was built in 1881, the . . . Map (db m242289) HM
23 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — 001 — Herman SternN.D. Businessman, Community and Social Leader, Holocaust Rescuer
Born in Germany in 1887, Herman Stern immigrated to America in 1903, where he took work at the Straus Clothing store in Carrington. Stern later managed the Straus’ North Dakota businesses from his store in Valley City, where he lived for the . . . Map (db m99291) HM
24 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — High Above the SheyenneHigh Line Bridge
The original line of the Northern Pacific Railroad, now the Burlington Northern Santa Fe, descended into Valley City, crossed the Sheyenne River and continued out of the valley. Because of the steep grades, "pusher" engines were required to push . . . Map (db m242298) HM
25 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — Historic Neighborhood
Clustered around the campus of Valley City State University is a unique neighborhood of architecturally and historically significant houses dating from the 1880s to the 1930s. The neighborhood is important for its historical association with Valley . . . Map (db m241099) HM
26 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — King School / Raise A-B to the Fifth Power
King School When the last students walked out of the King School in 1967, their departure marked the end of an era—the closure of the last operating one-room schoolhouse in Barnes County. Once, over 100 of these tiny institutions dotted . . . Map (db m175564) HM
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27 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — Northern Pacific High Line Bridge No. 64National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark
This 1908 steel viaduct across the Sheyenne River Valley allowed the railroad to avoid steep grades. At 3886 feet (1184 meters) long and 155 feet (47 meters) high, it is an excellent example of this bridge type.Map (db m242299) HM
28 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — Our Sheyenne RiverHospital Bridge
Sheyenne River The river was formed by the meltwater of the Wisconsinan glacier about 13,000 years ago. The valley constitutes the glacier's western edge at that time. Flowing 581 miles from its headwaters located 15 miles north of . . . Map (db m242287) HM
29 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — Rail Lines
As transportation technology advanced, locomotives became more powerful, carried bigger and heavier cargo, and required heavier rails. Older, lighter rails were updated with increasingly heavier ones. Rail sections are stamped with the . . . Map (db m242598) HM
30 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — Rainbow on the SheyenneRainbow Bridge
“Northern Pacific Times, Valley City, Dakota, July 17, 1879 — County Commissioners ordered no swimming in sight of the new bridge, several women having complained of the sight of nude bodies when crossing the bridge.” Built in 1879, the same . . . Map (db m242398) HM
31 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — Rosebud Visitor Center Along the BywayThe Visitor Center
At 581 miles, the Sheyenne River is the longest in North Dakota. When the Wisconsinan ice sheet melted about 13,000 years ago, it left behind the Sheyenne River and a trench that reaches up to 300 feet deep and a mile wide. Discover historic, . . . Map (db m242596) HM
32 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — Sibley TrailCamp Samuel B. Sheardown — July 14-15, 1863 —
[Title is text]Map (db m175434) HM WM
33 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — Soothing Sounds of Splashing WaterCity Park Fountain
There has been a succession of beautiful fountains in City Park that have been as different as its changing landscape. The first fountain, installed in the 1880s, was a bronze, one-tiered fountain with a boy holding an umbrella. The next . . . Map (db m242199) HM
34 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — Sun Kink Rail
Rails, regardless of weight, have to conform to the laws of physics. All rails will contract in severe cold, and expand in summer heat. With prolonged heat, rails can buckle into an "S"-shaped curve called a sun kink. Mild sun kinks may shrink . . . Map (db m242766) HM
35 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — Valley City Park Memorial Bandshell
[right side]Dedicated to our old friend and musical enthusiast D. W. Clark who organized the first band in Valley City April 5, 1881 [left side]Erected July 1931 by the Valley City Municipal . . . Map (db m242439) HM
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36 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — Valley City Street & Interurban RailroadTraveling in Town
The Valley City Street & Interurban Railroad was incorporated in June, 1905, by O.A. Beeman to transport passengers, goods, and rail cars between two larger lines. The Soo Line passed north of the city without a spur line to serve local . . . Map (db m242769) HM
37 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — 20 — Votes For WomenRoad to the 19th Amendment — National Votes for Women Trail —
Elizabeth Preston Anderson, Valley City resident, Pres. ND Woman’s Christian Temperance Union, worked for Women’s Suffrage 1893-1920.Map (db m205621) HM
38 North Dakota, Barnes County, Valley City — Wood Beam
The massive beam on which the rails are mounted was removed from the High Line Bridge about a quarter century ago. It is made by sandwiching different layers of wood and connecting the layers with steel rods. This beam can support the weight of . . . Map (db m242597) HM
39 North Dakota, Barnes County, Wimbledon — Midland Continental Railroad
1830 Beginning of the railroad era in the United States. 1850 9,021 miles of track are completed, all east of the Mississippi. 1869 The First Transcontinental Railroad is completed when the Golden spike is driven in Utah Territory, . . . Map (db m183737) HM
40 North Dakota, Barnes County, Wimbledon — Norma Deloris Egstrom - Peggy Lee
1920 Peggy Lee is born Norma Deloris Egstrom in Jamestown, North Dakota. 1924 Norma's mother, Selma Egstrom dies. 1928 The Egstroms move from Jamestown to Nortonville. 1934 The Egstrom family moves to Wimbledon. 1936 Norma . . . Map (db m183734) HM
41 North Dakota, Benson County, Fort Totten — Fort Totten Historic SiteNorth Dakota History
Named in honor of Brevet Major General Joseph Gilbert Totten, Fort Totten protected overland transportation and communication routes from Minnesota to the Missouri River and Montana. In addition, the treaty of February 19, 1867, provided for a . . . Map (db m231947) HM
42 North Dakota, Billings County, Belfield — Ukrainian Immigrants
From the populated villages of Ukraine to the unsettled regions of North Dakota, the Ukrainian immigrants came here at the end of the 19th century. They emigrated from the “Bread Basket of Europe” to the virgin sodland yet untouched by man – from . . . Map (db m178102) HM
43 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 1 — American Indian Leaders
Three prominent leaders among the Lakota and Dakota Sioux who called this region home and resisted encroachment by white Americans were Tatanka Iyotake (Sitting Bull), Pizi (Gall), and Inkpaduta (Red Point). Sitting Bull, born in 1831, became an . . . Map (db m87775) HM
44 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 2 — Bad Lands Cantonment
The Bad Lands Cantonment, a temporary military base to protect railroad construction workers from Indian attacks, was established on November 10, 1879. At first consisting of only canvas tents, the cantonment soon grew to eight lumber buildings, . . . Map (db m87804) HM
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45 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — Beef Corral Bottom
In the era of the open range cattle industry of the late 1800’s, ranchers would work together to round up their free-ranging cattle in the spring and fall. During roundups the cattle would be driven to a wide river bottom like this one, where they . . . Map (db m88612) HM
46 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 3 — Billings County Courthouse
Billings County was formed in 1879 and organized in 1886. Medora became the county seat in 1886, three years before North Dakota became a state in 1889. The first county offices were located in Roberts Hall. Two small homes built in the 1880s were . . . Map (db m88030) HM
47 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — Building From Hard Times
The drought and depression of the 1930’s hit the badlands region hard. Small landowners, no longer able to eke out a living, sold their lands to the government with the hope of finding a new start elsewhere. Throughout the country, men were out of . . . Map (db m88610) HM
48 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 4 — CCC Camp
The Civilian Conservation Corps was a peacetime “army” of civilians between 1933 and 1941 which served to create jobs for unemployed men and to protect natural resources. Two CCC camps were located near Medora. In 1934 the CCC camp of . . . Map (db m87782) HM
49 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — Chateau de Mores
          The grey and red building that you see to the south is the Chateau built in 1883 by Marquis de Mores, a French nobleman, who founded the town of Medora. It was occupied as a part-time residence until the fall of 1886 and was frequently . . . Map (db m87975) HM
50 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 5 — Coal Mining
One of the goals of early exploring parties in this area was to find local fuel, coal that fit the bill needed for railroad construction. One of the first area coal mines was located just west of Medora. The Northern Pacific Coal Company operated . . . Map (db m88007) HM
51 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 6 — Cowboys
The American cowboy has become a mythical figure in the national consciousness. This would, no doubt, have surprised most of the common laborers who earned meager pay as cowboys. A number of them were indeed colorful characters. Some became outlaws . . . Map (db m88061) HM
52 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — Custer Trail
The Yellowstone Expedition of 1876, organized to suppress the hostile Sioux, marched from Fort Abraham Lincoln May 17, 1876. The Expedition camped at the junction of Davis Creek and the Little Missouri River, four miles south of Medora on May . . . Map (db m154256) HM
53 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — De Mores
In memory of Antoine Manca de Vallombrosa Marquis de Mores Lieutenant French Cavalry Born in Paris 1858 Killed in North Africa 1896 and of his wife Medora who founded this town in 1883Map (db m87539) HM
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54 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — De Mores Packing Plant
was built on this site by the Marquis De Mores in 1883 to furnish dressed beef directly from the western ranges. It was successfully operated for several years, destroyed by fire 1907.Exhibits on other side < Reverse Side : > Site of the . . . Map (db m87790) HM
55 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — Dreams of a Cattle EmpireChimney Park, De Mores State Historic Site
Antoine Amédé Marie Vincent Amat Manca de Vallombrosa, more commonly known as the Marquis de Mores, was a French aristocrat with an entrepreneurial spirit typical of the late 1800s. The Marquis was one of many who sought to profit from the cattle . . . Map (db m87796) HM
56 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 7 — Frontier Military
The Little Missouri Badlands played a key strategic role in the conflict between American Indians and the expanding United States. General Alfred Sully in 1864 led the first military expedition to cross the badlands. The expedition of 2,200 men . . . Map (db m87805) HM
57 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — Great Western Trail
      Between 1874 and 1893, seven million head of cattle and horses went up the Great Western Trail from Texas through nine U.S. states into Canada. This famous trail lasted more years, carried more cattle, and was longer than any other cattle . . . Map (db m87498) HM
58 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — Historic Medora Reported permanently removed
Before you lies a scene not greatly changed since Theodore Roosevelt’s time here in the 1880s. Gone are the ambitious De Mores Packing Plant, the military cantonment and the early village of Little Missouri. But still present are the colorful . . . Map (db m154615) HM
59 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — Historic Medora—Boom and Bust
The Marquis de Mores, a charismatic French nobleman, founded Medora in 1883. The Northern Pacific Railroad had reached the badlands only three years prior, opening the region to entrepreneurs and adventurers from the East. For a few years the . . . Map (db m154951) HM
60 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 8 — Hotel de Mores
The Hotel de Mores was built by the Marquis de Mores in 1883 and served as a boarding house for up to 100 people. The 100-foot by 25-foot hotel was located north of the railroad depot and faced north. Manager George Fitzgerald advertised it as the . . . Map (db m88037) HM
61 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 9 — Hunting and Trapping
The Little Missouri Badlands have always been ideal habitat for wildlife. American Indians hunted these lands for centuries. The first known white explorers, the La Verendrye brothers, ventured into the badlands in 1742. Trapper Jean Baptiste La . . . Map (db m87992) HM
62 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — In honor of a President . . . and His Conservation Legacy
      Behind the visitor center is an old, rustic cabin. Architecturally insignificant, a person might wonder why it is here. To understand, step over the threshold and walk inside the building that housed a future president at a pivotal moment in . . . Map (db m87230) HM
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63 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 10 — Joe Ferris General Store
Joe Ferris wore many hats in Medora. He was a hunting guide, a Medora postmaster and a successful merchant. Ferris opened his first general store in Little Missouri. In 1885 he began work in Medora on the current two-story, 25-foot by 75-foot . . . Map (db m88062) HM
64 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 11 — Law Enforcement
From its formation in 1879 to its official organization on April 12, 1886, Billings County had no county offices or officials. All administrative duties were performed through the Morton County Courthouse at Mandan, some 130 miles to the east. The . . . Map (db m88025) HM
65 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 13 — Little Missouri Bridge
The Little Missouri River was a challenge for motorists. Motorists had to ford the river or wait for a railroad crew to carry their autos across on a flatcar. Construction of a transcontinental highway system began in 1912. The lack of proper . . . Map (db m87977) HM
66 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 12 — Little Missouri: The Town
The town of Little Missouri was founded in 1880 at the site of the Northern Pacific Railroad section house and depot, on the west bank of the river. In late 1880, Frank Moore, the Post Trader of the nearby military cantonment, opened the Pyramid . . . Map (db m87982) HM
67 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — Loading DockChimney Park, De Mores State Historic Site
A spur track connected the slaughterhouse with the main line of the Northern Pacific Railroad. Ice from the icehouses to your right were used to cool the refrigerator cars when the meat was loaded into them. The Marquis owned cold storage . . . Map (db m87799) HM
68 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 14 — Margaret Roberts
Margaret Barr was born in Ireland on September 15, 1853, and immigrated to Iowa with her family about 1864. In April 1871, she married John Lloyd Roberts from Wales, and soon became a pioneer wife to a cattle dealer and butcher. The couple arrived . . . Map (db m88018) HM
69 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 15 — Medora Business District
Medora’s business district originated north of 3rd Avenue. After Medora’s founding in 1883, carpenters, masons and other laborers filled the community, benefiting from a construction boom. Medora also became a supply hub for area ranchers and . . . Map (db m88066) HM
70 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 16 — Medora Cemetery
The Medora Cemetery consists of 1.93 acres located on a grassy plateau on the west bank of the Little Missouri River overlooking Medora. The Medora Cemetery Association was formed on October 15, 1919, by six pioneers of this area: Geo. R. . . . Map (db m87984) HM
71 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 17 — Medora Depot & Railroad
The railroad reached the Little Missouri River in 1880. The Northern Pacific Railroad named the stop Pyramid Park. When the Marquis de Mores and Theodore Roosevelt arrived in 1883, the train depot was on the west side of the Little Missouri River. . . . Map (db m87986) HM
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72 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 18 — Medora Education
The need for educating local children was first publicly expressed in 1884 when St. Mary’s Catholic Church Pastor Rev. Martin Schmitt, O.S.B., appealed to Medora residents to establish a school. Classes were begun in a cantonment building west of . . . Map (db m88020) HM
73 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 19 — Medora Livery Stable
Stables were important in early Medora, serving the primary means of local transportation: horseback and horse-drawn vehicles. Livery stables offered horses, teams and wagons for hire. These stables were built in conjunction with hotels so guests’ . . . Map (db m88063) HM
74 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 20 — Medora Stage and Forwarding Company
Marquis de Mores: A grand entrepreneur. In the fall of 1884 he inaugurated daily round-trip stage and freight service from Medora to the Black Hills of South Dakota. Four coaches were purchased. The Kittie, Medora, Dakota and . . . Map (db m88033) HM
75 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 21 — Medora Town Hall
The Town Hall was built in 1924 to serve as an activity center for Medora. The building featured electric lights, a hot water heating system, partial basement, a furnished balcony and a projection booth. Opera chairs were provided for ordinary . . . Map (db m88013) HM
76 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — North Dakota Badlands
The badlands you see from here were so named because they were "badlands" to travel over before modern roads were built. Rain, wind and running water have carved these hills. A thick series of shale and sandstone layers, all of these rocks are a . . . Map (db m4822) HM
77 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — On Track to AdventureTheodore Roosevelt National Park
One hunting trip in the badlands and Theodore Roosevelt was hooked-he invested in the flourishing cattle industry and returned to Dakota Territory often over the next few years. Roosevelt thoroughly enjoyed "the glory of work and joy of living" . . . Map (db m154619) HM
78 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 22 — Ralph “Doc” Hubbard
Ralph “Doc” Hubbard was one of the most accomplished people to call Medora home. He was born on June 22, 1885, in New York to Elbert Hubbard, a prominent author and publisher, and Bertha Crawford Hubbard. Doc first visited Medora . . . Map (db m88047) HM
79 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — River Woodland Reported missing
You are looking at a portion of the Little Missouri River bottomlands. Cottonwood trees line the river course, where their roots can reach abundant moisture. Dark green juniper trees dot the sheltered slopes of the steep bluffs. On dry open river . . . Map (db m154308) HM
80 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 23 — Roberts Hall
Bob Roberts had operated The Senate Billiard and Pool Hall in Little Missouri. Later he joined many of his fellow business owners across the river in Medora. An April 1884 edition of The Bad Lands Cow Boy reported the contract for . . . Map (db m88016) HM
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81 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 24 — Rough Riders Hotel
George Fitzgerald’s success operating the Hotel de Mores was such that in November 1884 he began work on his own 35-feet by 80 feet two-story hotel. Brick veneer was planned but was never added. The Bad Lands Cow Boy described its interior . . . Map (db m87499) HM
82 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 26 — St. Mary’s Catholic Church
Medora de Vallombrosa, wife of the Marquis de Mores, financed the construction of this brick church late in the summer of 1884. This gift to her namesake community was paid for from an annual income of $90,000, earned from a stock portfolio she . . . Map (db m88001) HM
83 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — Stephen Tyng MatherJuly 4, 1887 - Jan. 22, 1930
He laid the foundation of the National Park Service, defining and establishing the policies under which its areas shall be developed and conserved unimpaired for future generations. There will never come an end to the good that he has done.Map (db m87237) HM
84 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 27 — Stockmens State Bank
In late 1908, Christ Pederson of Dickinson purchased the General Store from Joe Ferris and moved to Medora. On August 6, 1909, Pederson, Harve Robinson, and George Burgess filed a Certificate of Organization. The Stockmens State Bank was . . . Map (db m88040) HM
85 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 28 — The Bad Lands Cow Boy
At the age of 22, Arthur T. Packard started Medora’s first newspaper, The Bad Lands Cow Boy. The first issue came off the press on February 7, 1884. Marquis de Mores was the major advertiser in the paper. Editor Packard produced a paper . . . Map (db m88045) HM
86 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 29 — The President Returns
Theodore Roosevelt first came to the badlands in September 1883 to hunt buffalo. “Old Four Eyes” loved the life of the badlands’ cowboys and participated in roundups, brandings and social events, earning the respect of those he so . . . Map (db m88009) HM
87 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 25 — The Shooting of Riley Luffsey
William Riley Luffsey was born in Wayne County, Missouri, around 1859. He died in a gun battle along the Little Missouri River on June 26, 1883, about a mile west of the twin towns of Little Missouri and Medora. Riley Luffsey was a popular young . . . Map (db m87554) HM
88 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — Tribute to the Civilian Conservation Corps
I propose to create a Civilian Conservation Corps . . . We can take a vast army of these unemployed out into healthful surroundings. We can eliminate to some extent at least the threat that enforced idleness brings to spiritual and moral . . . Map (db m87538) HM
89 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 30 — Von Hoffman House
In August 1884, Athenais von Hoffman, mother-in-law of the Marquis de Mores, commissioned Peter Book to erect a brick cottage for use by her and her husband, Louis. The new home was completed in 1884 but was probably not occupied until the . . . Map (db m88004) HM
90 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — 31 — Western Entertainment
The picturesque Little Missouri badlands are a unique landscape. The arrival of the railroad in 1880 opened the area to tourists who wanted to experience the western lifestyle. The first dude ranch in America opened in 1882, four miles south of . . . Map (db m87788) HM
91 North Dakota, Billings County, Medora — Wind Canyon – Carved by Wind and Water – Marred by Man Reported missing
These soft sandstone deposits, built up by wind and water and then carved into strange and fantastic shapes by the same forces, have fascinated man for at least 5,000 years. Note the absence of carvings in the sculptured walls seen in this . . . Map (db m154309) HM
92 North Dakota, Bottineau County, Bottineau — Pierre BottineauVoyageur - Trapper - Guide — 1/1/1817 - 7/27/1895 —
Pierre Bottineau, son of Charles Joseph Bottineau, a French-Huggenot and Marguerite Adhik Songab (Clear Sky Woman) a Lake of the Woods Chippewa, was born near the mouth of the Turtle River (twelve miles north of Grand Forks, North Dakota). . . . Map (db m231815) HM
93 North Dakota, Bottineau County, Bottineau — Pioneer Monument
Erected in 1954 by the Bottineau County Old Settler’s Association and friends, as a memorial to our pioneer settlers who met the toil, trials, hazards and wants of life; who broke the sod with oxen or horses; built their homes of sod or logs as a . . . Map (db m231821) HM
94 North Dakota, Bowman County, Bowman — The Prairie
The vast prairies of America have been described by many people as "an ocean of grass." This region of the country is considered either shortgrass or midgrass prairie, depending on the soil moisture, precipitation, and relative humidify in a . . . Map (db m113241) HM
95 North Dakota, Bowman County, Bowman — Veterans MemorialAmerican Legion
In memory of those who servedMap (db m234866) WM
96 North Dakota, Bowman County, Rhame — Fort Dilts Historic Site
On this site in September 1864 an immigrant train, under the command of Capt. James L. Fisk, bound for the gold fields of Montana, was besieged by hostile Sioux Indians, despite the fact that an armed escort of 50 U. S. Cavalrymen had been provided . . . Map (db m33923) HM
97 North Dakota, Burke County, Columbus — Columbus Area Servicemen Killed in Action
World War I Walter Frye • Chester Haugerud World War II Delmar Souther • Lyal Fenster • Arthur Horntvedt • Kenneth Johnston • Oliver Hovland • Marvin Sorlie • Arvid Dahl • Arnold Dollarhide • Harold Haugstad • William . . . Map (db m202896) WM
98 North Dakota, Burleigh County, Bismarck — All Veterans Memorial
North Dakota Veterans Memorial 1989 In this year of North Dakots's centennial, this monument is dedicated to all North Dakotans who served in the armed forces since statehood.The names of the men and women listed on this memorial gave their . . . Map (db m44701) HM
99 North Dakota, Burleigh County, Bismarck — Archaeological Excavations in 1905Double Ditch State Historic Site
The first scholarly archaeological study of a Mandan earthlodge village village site was made in 1905 by Harvard University students George Will and Herbert Spinden. They excavated portions of six midden mounds, two houses, six cache pits, and the . . . Map (db m154677) HM
100 North Dakota, Burleigh County, Bismarck — Bismarck River Warehouse
This was the site of one of the largest river warehouses built during the 1870s when river transportation was of primary importance. The warehouse was served by a spur track of the Northern Pacific Railway and until the railroad was built west of . . . Map (db m154055) HM

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Apr. 20, 2024