“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
After filtering for Virginia, 1504 entries match your criteria. The first 100 are listed.                                               Next 100 


Industry & Commerce Topic

Debtors Prison Building image, Touch for more information
By Beverly Pfingsten, April 20, 2008
Debtors Prison Building
1 Virginia, Accomack County, Accomac — WY-19 — Debtors Prison
Built in 1783 in one corner of the jailyard to serve as a residence for the jailer, the building served in this capacity for 41 years. Iron bars, oak batten doors and locks were added in 1842 when it was converted into a prison for debtors in . . . Map (db m162818) HM
2 Virginia, Accomack County, Belle Haven — Site of Willis Store-House
Site of Willis Store-House believed built circa 1835 by Dr. Robert Smith Trower, M.D. of "Melville" Plantation and used as medical office prior to Civil War. After the Civil War, was operated as "yellow-bodied store house" on main coach route by his . . . Map (db m165126) HM
3 Virginia, Accomack County, Chincoteague — Bounty from the Sea
First oysters, then bay and sea clams buoyed Chincoteague's economy. During the second half of the 19th century, Chincoteague's seafood industry relied on the oyster. Each year, from September to April, island watermen gathered Chincoteague's . . . Map (db m165063) HM
4 Virginia, Accomack County, Chincoteague — Chincoteague Island LibraryHistoric Landmark
Built in 1887, this Queen Anne style commercial building was originally the O.M. Jones Drug Store. In 1908, the building became Wallace "Tig" Jester's barber shop. For 75 years, Tig offered a shave, haircut, and gathering place for island men. In . . . Map (db m165065) HM
5 Virginia, Accomack County, Chincoteague — Dollars from Decoys
Decoys carved by Chincoteague residents have evolved into a form of art that is highly respected and collected. But decoy carving itself originated in the long tradition of waterfowl hunting. Ducks and geese have always been a part of life on . . . Map (db m165059) HM
6 Virginia, Accomack County, Chincoteague — Fish So Fine
In 1890, fish made the Chincoteague news. Islanders caught so many fin fish that a reporter claimed the take was never so large, or the "fish so fine." Fish became so plentiful in Chincoteague markets that a local islander wrote in 1922 that . . . Map (db m165060) HM
7 Virginia, Accomack County, Chincoteague — Telegraph hereWestern Union
The origin of this building is unknown, but was moved to this location to be used for a Western Union Telegraph office in 1896. Next door is the Boatman Bank and across the street stood the Atlantic Hotel. Visitors, ferried from the mainland, . . . Map (db m165067) HM
8 Virginia, Accomack County, Chincoteague — Tom’s Cove ShellfishingAssateague Island National Seashore
Since Colonial times, residents of Assateague and Chincoteague Islands have depended on fish and shellfish for food. By the time of the Civil War, islanders were exporting seafood to Northern cities. Toms Cove, or Chincoteaque, oysters . . . Map (db m205182) HM
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9 Virginia, Accomack County, Chincoteague — Welcome to Assateague Village
In the 1800s, after the lighthouse was built, a small community grew up not far from here. By the early 1900s, about 225 lived in the village, which included a school, dry goods store, and a church. The residents harvested resources from the sea, . . . Map (db m98825) HM
10 Virginia, Accomack County, Onancock — Historic Cemetery
Known as the Scott Hall Cemetery, it dates from the late 18th century. Here will be found the grave of Commodore Whaley of the Maryland Navy who was killed in the Battle of the Barges in the Chesapeake Bay near the mouth of Onancock Creek in . . . Map (db m7681) HM
11 Virginia, Accomack County, Onancock — Hopkins and Sons; Hopkins and Brothers
Records of this mercantile business date back to 1842. This store also served the community as a bank and as a social and political meeting place. Deeded in 1970 to Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities.Map (db m7675) HM
12 Virginia, Accomack County, Onancock — Log Canoe Annie CDimensions: Length on Deck 45', Ream 9'6"
The Annie C, a five log canoe, is one of the largest canoes built on the Eastern Shore of Virginia. Designed as a work boat, she was built in 1904, by Horace Bundick in the Town of Sanford. After fastening five logs together with iron . . . Map (db m165115) HM
13 Virginia, Accomack County, Parksley — Barber Shop Bench
This curverd wooden bench is from the barber shop of Owen Crockett and Harry Miles. Located on Bennett Street, the barber shop operated from 1946 to 1983. For 1.00 you got a haircut and a piece of Bazooka Gum. On loan by Mr. Henry Nicholson.Map (db m165089) HM
14 Virginia, Accomack County, Parksley — Maintenance-of-Way Tool ShedEastern Shore Railway Museum
This maintenance-of-way tool shed was constructed soon after the N.Y.P.&N. Railroad was built from Pocomoke City, Maryland to Cape Charles, Virginia in 1884. It was used by the section gang for the storage of tools and equipment . . . Map (db m165093) HM
15 Virginia, Accomack County, Pungoteague — WY-18 — “The Bear and the Cub”
Probable site of Fowkes’ Tavern where this first recorded play in English America was performed August 27, 1665.Map (db m7611) HM
16 Virginia, Accomack County, Tangier — Banty's Wharf
At the south end of Main Ridge, the road becomes Banny's Road, which once led to Banty's Wharf. Banty's Wharf was named for Capt. John L. "Banty" who lived here with his wife, Mrs. Ellen Elizabeth Shores. For over 200 years the island's primary . . . Map (db m106987) HM
17 Virginia, Accomack County, Tangier — Chesapeake House
The famous Chesapeake House occupies two old island homes. Hilda Crockett opened the business in 1944 in the Peter Crockett House with four guest rooms and a dining room on the porch. She expanded by purchasing the Nathan Rayfield House where the . . . Map (db m39952) HM
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18 Virginia, Accomack County, Tangier — Daley's Grocery
Peter Williams owned and operated the first store on this site. It was built by Charles Roland Parks and William Walters in the 1920's. It later operated as the Smith and Moore Market and was one of the first businesses to take credit cards when . . . Map (db m107006) HM
19 Virginia, Accomack County, Tangier — First Mobile Home
The former Noble Dise Store was replaced with the island's first mobile home in 1959. Manufactured homes remain popular today, but require a community-wide effort to move one into place after being delivered to the island by barge.Map (db m39950) HM
20 Virginia, Accomack County, Tangier — J.E. Wallace & Co. Store
John Wallace (1855-1926) moved to Tangier in the 1870's. The J.E. Wallace & Co. Store was on the corner of Wallace Road and West Ridge, facing Wallace Road. It sold groceries, general merchandise, and coffins, as Wallace also worked as an . . . Map (db m106992) HM
21 Virginia, Accomack County, Tangier — Lee’s Bethel
This cemetery is the possible site of Lee’s Bethel, the island’s first church. Next to the cemetery is the last of the island’s once plentiful garden farms. Tangiermen were famous for growing melons, filling their boats until just the gunnels . . . Map (db m97873) HM
22 Virginia, Accomack County, Tangier — Old Shirt Factory
Factory Road was originally named New Road. It is said to have been built by Henry Frazier, a Black man, by hand, around the time of the Civil War. In 1919, George Lawson of Crisfield, MD in association with the Kegan, Grace & W. Shirt Makers Guild . . . Map (db m106988) HM
23 Virginia, Accomack County, Tangier — Parks Marina
Owner Milton Parks has provided warm hospitality to boaters for decades. His marina serves local watermen, commercial and recreational boat traffic. (captions) Milton Parks on his scooter - Kaye, 2005 Oyster Buy Boats at Park's . . . Map (db m106963) HM
24 Virginia, Accomack County, Tangier — Peter Crockett Store
The new house on the corner of Garman Road and Main Ridge is the site of the former Peter S. Crockett Store, later Daughtery & Ward, and then Haynie Grocery. It had a two-story front porch and was featured in many old photographs. . . . Map (db m106972) HM
25 Virginia, Accomack County, Tangier — Spanky's Place
Spanky's Place, now an ice cream parlor with a 50's theme, is one of many businesses to occupy this site. These include Michael Thomas's store that sold stoves and propane, Jolly Jim's Restaurant, Nice's Place, and the Roadside Restaurant. It was . . . Map (db m106966) HM
26 Virginia, Accomack County, Tangier — Telephone Office, Post Office & Myrt’s
The Telephone Building was built in 1966 by Grover Charnock when radiotelephones were finally replaced with a microwave tower. In front of this is a new home, built on the site of the former Grand Theater, built in 1929 by Gordon Daley, . . . Map (db m97690) HM
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27 Virginia, Accomack County, Tangier — The Double Six
The Double Six Sandwich Shop is where the watermen meet at 3:00 AM for "smokes and coffee" before heading down to the docks to the day's work. Named for the game of Dominos, the shop is open for sandwiches year-round, and was often considered . . . Map (db m39683) HM
28 Virginia, Accomack County, Tangier — The Edward Crockett House
The Edward Crockett House was formerly the home of "Sugar Tom" Crockett (1833-1905) the Island's first historian, and author of Facts & Fun, the first written history of Tangier Island. It later served as a hotel and the office of Dr. W.O. . . . Map (db m106967) HM
29 Virginia, Accomack County, Tangier — The Emily Pruitt House
The Emily Pruitt House was home to the island's sail-making seamstress, a critically important job before the invention of motorized boats.Map (db m106994) HM
30 Virginia, Accomack County, Tangier — The Joshua Pruitt House
The Joshua Pruitt House is one of the oldest on Tangier. Joshua Pruitt (1866-1949) and his wife Amanda took in boarders, teachers, and held worship services in their front yard. Pruitt traveled to Washington, DC, during the Great . . . Map (db m106968) HM
31 Virginia, Accomack County, Tangier — The Miss Minnie & Capt. Charlie Pruitt House
Miss Minnie and Capt. Charlie raised eight children in this house. In order to accommodate the entire family at a single table, Capt. Charlie commissioned Henry Jander to build them a table capable of seating ten people. Later, one son, Orville, . . . Map (db m106989) HM
32 Virginia, Accomack County, Tangier — The Peter Dise House
The Peter Dise House is one of the oldest on the island and was moved from the "Uppards," the now unoccupied marsh north of the harbor. There were originally four fresh water wells on the island, two on Maine Ridge, one on Canton Ridge and one on . . . Map (db m39953) HM
33 Virginia, Accomack County, Tangier — The Sydney Wallace House
The Sydney Wallace House is one of the Island's most admired. Built in 1904 and restored in 1995 by Wallace's grandson, it now operates as the Bay View Inn. (caption) Sydney Wallace House - National Geographic, 1973Map (db m106993) HM
34 Virginia, Accomack County, Temperanceville — Anne Makemie HoldenWomen of Virginia Historic Trail
Landowner, successful business woman manager, champion of American Independence. Daughter of Naomi and Francis Makemie, founder of organized American Presbyterianism.Map (db m7835) HM
35 Virginia, Albemarle County, Afton — The History of the Rockfish Gap Country Store — Greenwood Historic District —
Built during the nineteen-thirties, Rockfish Gap Country Store was first used as a peach packing shed by Chesly A. Hayden. Not only was it the biggest warehouse distribution center in the county, but it also ranked among the top three in the . . . Map (db m234295) HM
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36 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — 11 — Charcoal
Wood charcoal fueled the forges in the nailery on Mulberry Row and heated the stoves in the kitchen. Charcoal was stored under lock and key in wooden sheds that once stood here. Built about 1794, these "coal sheds" likely resembled temporary . . . Map (db m100442) HM
37 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Discovering Mulberry Row
Mulberry Row’s buildings have all but disappeared—only the remains of four survive. Before re-creating lost buildings and roads, we look at information from many sources. How do we know about this important place and the history of its people, . . . Map (db m80863) HM
38 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Forge & Quarters
Isaac Granger Jefferson worked the forge in the original building on this site, which housed a "storehouse for iron" in 1796, a short-lived tinsmithing operation, a small nail-making shop, and also served as quarters for enslaved people. The use . . . Map (db m231059) HM
39 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Historic Michie TavernA Virginia Historic LandmarkAward Recipient for Architectural Preservation
Historic Michie Tavern, established in 1784 by Scotsman William Michie, served as a social center of its community and accommodated travelers with food, drink and lodging.
Highlights of the Tavern Tour ◇ . . . Map (db m170646) HM
40 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Jefferson Vineyards
Here in 1774, Thomas Jefferson and Philip Mazzei planted Virginia's first commercial vineyard, intending to export their wine back to Europe. The Vineyard was abandon in 1776 with the advent of the Revolutionary War. Jefferson's efforts to grow . . . Map (db m188548) HM
41 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Joiner's Shop
Jefferson's elaborate design for Monticello could not have been achieved without the superior craftsmanship of hired free and enslaved woodworkers working closely together. Joiners, the most skilled, produced Monticello's classically inspired . . . Map (db m230977) HM
42 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Meadow Run Grist Mill ca. 1797
Not far from the Tavern on its original site, the Michie family once owned and operated a mill and general store. At the turn of the century, their mill fell from decay. The Meadow Run Grist Mill from nearby Laurel Hill, Virginia was relocated to . . . Map (db m170643) HM
43 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Michie Tavern
Michie Tavern is recognized as a Virginia Landmark for its leading role in the 1920's Preservation Movement. In continuing efforts towards preservation, this historic attraction has worked towards saving significant rural Virginia structures. . . . Map (db m170644) HM
44 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Mulberry Row — Thomas Jefferson's Monticello —
Every article is made on his farm; his negroes are cabinet makers, carpenters, masons, bricklayers, smith, etc. Duc de La Rochefoucauld Liancourt, 1796
You are standing on Mulberry Row, a road once lined with more . . . Map (db m68171) HM
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45 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Nail-Making
Jefferson set up a nail-making operation in 1794 to provide income until he could “put my farms into a course of yielding profit.” He calculated the nailers’ daily output, the waste of nailrod, and profits. In its first years, the . . . Map (db m80862) HM
46 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Piney River Cabin Reported permanently removed
Virginia's virgin forest provided materials for the settlers' most basic shelter. Centuries ago, first growth trees were felled and the wood hewn to form this single-room log cabin in Piney River, Virginia, 45 minutes south of here. The structure is . . . Map (db m53613) HM
47 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Sally Hemings's Life
Though enslaved, Sally Hemings helped shape her life and the lives of her children, who got an almost 50-year head start on emancipation, escaping the system that had engulfed their ancestors and millions of others. Whatever we may feel about . . . Map (db m231286) HM
48 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Textiles — Thomas Jefferson's Monticello —
Panel 1 Jefferson introduced mechanized cloth production to his plantation when trade embargoes and looming war cut off the supply of imported British cloth. In 1811, he hired William McLure, a free white artisan and "a very ingenious man," . . . Map (db m68175) HM
49 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — The Meadow Run Grist Mill Reported permanently removed
Not far from the Tavern, the Michie family owned and operated a mill and general store. At the turn of the century the mill fell from decay. In order to recreate the Michie's Tavern-plantation (which stretched for several miles) Historic Michie . . . Map (db m53611) HM
50 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — The Woolen Mills👮🏼‍♂️ 🐑 ⛪
Charlottesville wool also outfitted the US Postal Service and most railroad workers from coast to coast. In the early 1900s, the Mill employed some 130 people and had established a national reputation, supplying uniform cloths worn by police . . . Map (db m172977) HM
51 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — The Woolen Mills💵 👔 🧱
With business growing, new buildings were constructed to keep up the demand as they not only produced uniform cloth, but also sold to high end tailors like Brooks Brothers. The two "saw-tooth" (so-called because of their roof structure) . . . Map (db m172980) HM
52 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Wood Trades
This chimney and foundation are all that remain of the “joiner’s shop”, one of the first structures on Mulberry Row. From about 1775, free and enslaved workmen produced some of the finest woodwork in Virginia. Sawyers and carpenters felled oak, . . . Map (db m80860) HM
53 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Advance Mills Estate — W-165 — Advance Mills
Villages such as Advance Mills were once common features of rural Virginia, serving as economic and social centers. Advance Mills grew around a single mill that John Fray constructed in 1833 on the north fork of the Rivanna River. By the twentieth . . . Map (db m55785) HM
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54 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Roslyn Ridge — Legacy of Hugh Carr / The Village of Hydraulic Mills
Legacy of Hugh Carr The Ivy Creek Natural Area was once the home of Hugh Carr, born into slavery around 1840 in Albemarle County. The end of the Civil War in 1865 was for Hugh the start of a new life founded in freedom. In 1870, Hugh . . . Map (db m170172) HM
55 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Roslyn Ridge — Six Miles of Trails
A network of more than six miles of walking trails leaves large areas of natural habitat undisturbed. The 1.5 mile Central Red Trail leads back to the parking lot and barn. All other trails stem from the Red Trail. A 0.75-mile paved trail . . . Map (db m170174) HM
56 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Woolen Mills — The Woolen Mills🌲 🔥 🛤️
The Woolen Mills area of Charlottesville traces its roots back to the late 1700s. It was Thomas Jefferson who realized the Rivanna River's vitality was the key to economic growth in the area. Originally a grist mill was started on . . . Map (db m172975) HM
57 Virginia, Albemarle County, Covesville — GA-44 — Covesville Apple Industry
In 1866 Dr. William D. Boaz established the first commercial apple orchard in Covesville. These orchards specialized in the Albemarle Pippin, which became one of the most prized and profitable apple varieties grown in Virginia. By 1890 the success . . . Map (db m25473) HM
58 Virginia, Albemarle County, Scottsville — GA-35 — Barclay House and Scottsville Museum
Here stands the Barclay House, built about 1830, later the home of Dr. James Turner Barclay, inventor for the U. S. Mint and missionary to Jerusalem. He founded the adjacent Diciples Church in 1846 and served as its first preacher. It is now the . . . Map (db m17995) HM
59 Virginia, Albemarle County, Scottsville, Hatton Grange — Hatton Ferry
History of Hatton Ferry. The Hatton Ferry began operation in 1870, when Buckingham County authorities issued a court order to construct a public ferry across the James River to the Albemarle County lands of Thomas P. Gantt (ca. 1846-1896), a . . . Map (db m99392) HM
60 Virginia, Albemarle County, Simeon — W-201 — Colle
Philip Mazzei, a Tuscan merchant and horticulturalist, arrived in Virginia in 1775 and was persuaded by Thomas Jefferson to settle here. Jefferson gave him 193 acres of land, and Mazzei named his property Colle (meaning "hill"). He built a house ca. . . . Map (db m170655) HM
61 Virginia, Alexandria, Eisenhower East — The Cameron ValleyEarly Industrial Development in Western Alexandria
The area west of the Mill Race complex once was a sloping meadow through which ran the meandering tail race of the Cameron Mills. The mill site itself was located beneath what is now the parking garage of the Hoffman Center complex. Built in the . . . Map (db m27230) HM
62 Virginia, Alexandria, Eisenhower East — The Duke Street TanyardAlexandria Heritage Trail
Peter Wise, a city councilman and tanner, established the Duke Street Tanyard in 1797. The Business was situated near the stone bridge on the east bank of Hooff's Run by West End Village. The tannery's ownership and name changed many times; Quakers . . . Map (db m72479) HM
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63 Virginia, Alexandria, Landmark — Bush Hill
Josiah Watson, a wealthy merchant and postmaster of Alexandria, established his 272-acre plantation, “Bush Hill”, in 1791. Richard Marshall Scott purchased the plantation in 1791; his family stayed here for 200 years. Scott was an . . . Map (db m2610) HM
64 Virginia, Alexandria, Landmark — Cloud's Mill Race
This historic site is a section of the mill race that provided water power to Cloud's Mill which stood directly across Paxton street. At the intersection of Beauregard and Morgan Streets, water diverted from the Holmes Run ran through the . . . Map (db m150801) HM
65 Virginia, Alexandria, Landmark — Reconstructing the PastCity of Alexandria — Est. 1749 —
Archaeologists excavated four ship hull remnants along the Alexandria Waterfront — one from the Hotel Indigo Site (44AX229) and three from the Robinson Landing Site (44AX235). Over 200 years ago, Alexandrians repurposed these old merchant ships . . . Map (db m216126) HM
66 Virginia, Alexandria, Oakcrest — A Crossroads Through TimeCity of Alexandria Est. 1749 — Alexandria Heritage Trail —
Three roads formed this Fairfax County intersection by the early 19th century. Braddock Road, Middle Turnpike (later called Leesburg Pike/King Street/Route 7) and Quaker Lane were the wagon routes for trade between the port town of Alexandria and . . . Map (db m150816) HM
67 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — 204 South Royal
Built in 1880, 204 South Royal Street was originally the site of the Concordia Hotel. Commissioned by Jacob Borhaus, the Concordia incorporated every modern convenience. The original hotel entrance was located on Royal Street. A two story wing . . . Map (db m131347) HM
68 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — A World War I Shipyard Transforms Jones PointFrom Shoals to Ships — 1918-1921 —
During World War I (1914-1918), the U.S. government targeted Jones Point as the site for a private shipyard, one of 111 built to aid the war effort. The Virginia Shipbuilding Corporation yard, constructed just before war's end, was designed to build . . . Map (db m127780) HM
69 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Alexandria Post No. 24, American Legion
This structure stands on the site of a late eighteenth-century brick dwelling, part of a complex owned by John Wise and leased to John Gadsby, both noted Alexandria tavern keepers. The Alexandria Post No. 24, American Legion, purchased the . . . Map (db m129180) HM
70 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Alexandria Railroads
Three railroads developed in Alexandria during the mid-19th century, a period of limited industrial expansion for the City. Alexandrians had a invested heavily in the Alexandria Canal which opened in 1843, giving the city access to the rich . . . Map (db m72379) HM
71 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Alexandria Waterfront
Alexandrians created waterfront land by banking out the shoreline using timber cribbing and old ships including three discovered on this site. For over two centuries this land embodied Alexandria's working waterfront with an evolving mix of . . . Map (db m204474) HM
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72 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Bank of Alexandria
Established in 1792, this was the first financial institution authorized by the General Assembly of Virginia. The building was completed in 1807. It is one of the oldest surviving commercial structures in Alexandria and is a fine local example of . . . Map (db m81250) HM
73 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Battery Cove Filled: A New Shipyard Reported unreadable
Between 1911 and 1912, Battery Cove, the shallow bay extending from the southern edge of Keith's Wharf southward to Jones Point, was [unreadable] for the Civil War Battery Rodgers and was used as a small [unreadable] for an extensive dredging . . . Map (db m127768) HM
74 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Bayne-Fowle House813 Prince Street
This property has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Bayne-Fowle House 1854 [Additional plaques above:] The Bayne-Fowle House has been . . . Map (db m134975) HM
75 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Civil War and Restoration
Civil War Comes to Carlyle House If you stood in this spot 150 years ago, you would be inside a building! In 1848 James Green purchased Carlyle House and the building in front of you, the first Bank of Alexandria. He turned it into a hotel . . . Map (db m129170) HM
76 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Colonel Michael Swope House
This house was built between 1784-1786 by Colonel Michael Swope, a Revolutionary War Battalion Commander, and his wife, Eva Kuhn Swope. Originally from York, PA, Colonel Swope was taken prisoner by the British at the beginning of the war and was . . . Map (db m149717) HM
77 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Duvall's Tavern
On December 31, 1783, George Washington was feted here by the Gentlemen of Alexandria celebrating his triumphant return from the Revolutionary War.Map (db m191971) HM
78 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Early Alexandria and Keith's Wharf Reported unreadable
During the 17th century, settlers began to establish small plantations near landing places on the Potomac River. Oceangoing ships could load tobacco and other goods to export to Great Britain. The area that was to become Alexandria was still . . . Map (db m127772) HM
79 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Edgar WarfieldCity of Alexandria Est. 1749
One of King Street's greatest commercial buildings was built by one of Alexandria's most beloved citizens. Edgar Warfield, Jr. was born in 1842, and at the age of 18 he co-founded the "Old Dominion Rifles," a Confederate militia that served in . . . Map (db m115749) HM
80 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Foot of King StreetAlexandria Heritage Trail — City of Alexandria, est. 1749 —
The Alexandria waterfront has changed dramatically since the City's founding in 1749. The Potomac River once flowed along the high banks about two blocks west of here near Water (now Lee) Street. Two hundred and fifty years ago, the area where . . . Map (db m182672) HM
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81 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Freedom House MuseumCity of Alexandria Est. 1749
The building at 1315 Duke Street, two blocks south of here, was originally built around 1812 as a residence for General Robert Young, commander of Alexandria's militia, who died in 1824. This three-story brick building then became the . . . Map (db m115706) HM
82 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Gadsby’s Tavern
Erected 1792. Popular resort and famous hostelry of the Eighteenth Century. Here was held in 1798 the first celebration of Washington's Birthday in which he participated, and from its steps Washington held his last military review and gave his last . . . Map (db m146) HM
83 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Gadsby's TavernCity of Alexandria Est. 1749
Restoration In the early 20th century Alexandria's economy was struggling, despite major efforts to develop a strong industrial base. But by the early 1920s, inspired by efforts to restore the colonial city of Williamsburg, Virginia, . . . Map (db m129178) HM
84 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Gadsby's Tavern MuseumCity of Alexandria Est. 1749
Gadsby's Tavern Museum consists of two buildings — the smaller c.1875 tavern and larger 1792 City Tavern and Hotel. While both were constructed by John Wise, they were made famous by John Gadsby, a rising tavern keeper who rented the buildings . . . Map (db m115755) HM
85 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Green & Brother Furniture
Steam Furniture Works. Established 1828. Green & Brother, manufacturers of chamber, hall, parlor, dining-room, school, and church furniture. Wholesale and retail. Ssend for price list. Handrail, newells, balusters, brackets, bed-posts, table-legs; . . . Map (db m71742) HM
86 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Hall, Bank & TavernCity of Alexandria Est. 1749
When Alexandria was founded in 1749, this corner was planned as the main intersection in the new town, with the streets named in honor of Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, a major land-owner in Northern Virginia. From Cameron Street, . . . Map (db m167213) HM
87 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Home of Charles Lee
[Top plaque] Home of Charles Lee First Collector of Customs, Alexandria 1789 - 1793 Designated an Historic Customhouse Vernon D. Acree U.S. Commissioner of Customs 1976 [Bottom . . . Map (db m129176) HM
88 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Industrialization of the StrandAlexandria Heritage Trail — City of Alexandria, est. 1749 —
During the 19th century, numerous entrepreneurs gradually improved the lots and expanded the warehouses and wharves associated with the 200 block of the Strand. Josiah Davis owned many properties along Alexandria's waterfront and bought property . . . Map (db m195640) HM
89 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Lee-Fendall HouseCity of Alexandria Est. 1749
Revolutionary War hero Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee, father of Confederate General Robert E. Lee, purchased several lots on North Washington Street in Alexandria soon after the War for Independence. He lived with his family in a house on Cameron . . . Map (db m115721) HM
90 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Market SquareOld Town — Welcome City of Alexandria 1749 —
Alexandria's Market Square was established only a few years after the town was founded in 1749. The site selected was centrally located in a prime block of the colonial settlement, immediately adjacent to the City Hall. At the time, Cameron and . . . Map (db m115757) HM
91 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Mountains of Materials and Massive ManpowerFighting World War I
The concrete foundations you see here were part of a craneway servicing two shipways and launch sites -- elements of an enormous World War I-era shipyard. To speed delivery of cargo ships needed for the war effort, the Virginia Shipbuilding . . . Map (db m62323) HM
92 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Pioneer Mill
Pioneer Mill once stood at the end of Duke Street. The photograph shows the many wharves that occupied the blocks where buildings and parks now stand. Warehouses lined the Waterfront interspersed with processing plants for flour and . . . Map (db m182674) HM
93 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Plundered!Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On August 29, 1814, Alexandria surrendered to the British forces. These terms of surrender protected American homes but gave the enemy flour, cotton, tobacco, and other goods as well as military supplies and weapons. On September 3, the . . . Map (db m143268) HM
94 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Port CityCity of Alexandria Est. 1749
Historically, Alexandria's development moved from east to west, and three distinct areas of the city have unofficially been known as the "West End." The first West End ended at Shuter's Hill, the current site of the George Washington Masonic . . . Map (db m115709) HM
95 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Portner's
Originally constructed in 1883 as The Columbia Firehouse Restored as a restaurant under the direction of James J. Matthews, Jr. for Marilyn and Harry Lewis. Completed November 1981 Map (db m156845) HM
96 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Potomac ConnectionsTidewater and the Atlantic Coastal Plain — Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail —
George Washington lived in and traveled from this region, pursuing his dream of westward expansion—to connect the Atlantic Seaboard with the frontier West. His efforts to use the Potomac River as a commercial artery influenced industrialization . . . Map (db m127767) HM
97 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Retail in AlexandriaCity of Alexandria Est. 1749
The 500 block of King Street has long been associated with retail trade in Alexandria. In the late 18th century, Adam Lynn, Sr. owned the quarter-block at this corner of King and St. Asaph Streets, where he operated a small bake shop selling . . . Map (db m115746) HM
98 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — River FerriesCity of Alexandria Est. 1749
Potomac River ferry companies date back to as early as 1740, when Hugo West received permission to operate a ferry from the Hunting Creek warehouse in Prince William over the Potomac River to Fraziers Point in Maryland "...the price for a man 1 . . . Map (db m143267) HM
99 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Shipyard ParkHarborside
John Hunter established one of the first shipyards in the City at the foot of Wilkes Street as early at 1783. The first "Potomac River Longboat" was built here at Hunters Shipyard in 1815. Shipbuilding and repair continued on this site for well . . . Map (db m143370) HM
100 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Shuter's Hill and the West End — Old Town —
Early Uses The West End was a rough and rowdy area just outside Alexandria's city limits. Stockyards, rail tracks, a tavern, and small shops catered to the farmers and drovers supplying the city's markets in the years before the Civil War. . . . Map (db m236050) HM

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Dec. 1, 2023