Nashville barber Alfred Z. Kelley was lead
plaintiff in Kelley v. Board of Education, a federal lawsuit filed Sept. 23. 1955, on behalf of his son Robert and 20 other African American
children. In December, the suit was amended
to include two . . . — — Map (db m146420) HM
The Mill Creek Valley Turnpike Company was incorporated by the Tenn. Gen. Assembly on Jan. 21, 1846. Starting near the four mile mark of Nolensville Pike, the road went through Mill Creek valley, "crossing main Mill creek at or near Rains' mills, . . . — — Map (db m147405) HM
Cane Ridge Cumberland Presbyterian Church, built in 1859, replaced a log building which occupied land donated by Edwin Austin & Thomas Boaz in 1826. One of the best known pastors was Hugh Bone Hill who also preached at the Jerusalem Church in . . . — — Map (db m146619) HM
The house of his birth, Feb. 18, 1796, was on this site. Graduate of Nashville's Cumberland College, 1814, he was a state senator in 1817 and Member of Congress, 1827 to 1841, when appointed Secretary of War. He was nominated for the Presidency by . . . — — Map (db m151191) HM
Located near Mill Creek, Locust Hill is one of the earliest brick homes in Middle Tennessee. Built c. 1805, it was home to the Charles Hays family until after the Civil War. The Federal-style house features intricately carved mantles and millwork, . . . — — Map (db m147404) HM
In 1871, District 6 school commissioners John Briley, Benjiah Gray and Jason Austin bought one acre of land from James Thompson for an African American school. In 1873, African American members of the Benevolent Society of Olive Branch No. 38 . . . — — Map (db m147704) HM
Jackson Boulevard follows the contour of the 408-acre Belle Meade Plantation Deer Park, established by John Harding in 1833 or 1834. The park became a favorite picnic spot for Nashvillians. By 1854, it held approximately 200 deer and 14 buffalo. A . . . — — Map (db m163928) HM
So the posterity might enjoy the benefits of a public park preserved in its natural beauty, in 1927 Colonel Lea gave the original tract of 868 acres of this land to the city of Nashville requesting that the park near the name of his late . . . — — Map (db m163932) HM WM
In 1872 the Belle Meade railroad station was an active part of General Harding's Thoroughbred industry. The Railroad line running through the Belle Meade farm had numerous names and owners. In 1867, the State of Tennessee took over the line . . . — — Map (db m158705) HM
The Devon Farm Cemetery was relocated in 2003 from its original location on this property. A marker commemorating the first site can be found south of the historic brick farmhouse.
John Davis settled on Devon Farm in 1795. His descendants, . . . — — Map (db m200319) HM
The Newsom family came to Tennessee from Virginia in the late 1700s.
The area known as Newsom's Station was settled and developed by
the family of William Bryant Newson sometime between 1796 and
1800. The original mill, built by William . . . — — Map (db m198971) HM
In this neighborhood, late in the evening of his decisive defeat at Nashville, Hood reorganized his army for withdrawal southward. Lt. Gen. Stephen D. Lee's Corps, supported by Chalmers' Cavalry Division, covered the withdrawal, fighting . . . — — Map (db m54043) HM
This 5 acres on the corner of Old Hickory Boulevard and Franklin Road was bought by A. H. Noble in 1929. A registered pharmacist, he operated a drug store here for nearly 20 years when the pharmacy was converted to a restaurant by Albert's son Glenn . . . — — Map (db m113948) HM
Construction details on this structure vary from the slave dwellings, and include mortise and tenon joinery and hand-planed and rabbeted lapped siding. These details suggest that the carriage house may pre-date those dwellings. Note the hand-forged . . . — — Map (db m147661) HM
The chicken coop may date to the Stanford family's ownership of Clover Bottom. The Stanfords were the third and final private owners of the property. Arthur F. Stanford (1881-1939) and his brother bought Clover Bottom from Anna Gay Price in 1918 and . . . — — Map (db m147636) HM
Built in 1858 by Dr. James Hoggatt on land inherited from his father, Capt. John Hoggatt, a Revolutionary War soldier, this fine Italian villa style home is centered in an area of local historical significance. John Donelson settled early in this . . . — — Map (db m147571) HM
This is one of the few surviving late 19th-century horse barns in Davidson County.
Architectural historians refer to the style of the building as a transverse crib barn, or a central aisle barn. The structure was erected by 1898, most likely when . . . — — Map (db m147663) HM
Until the coming of Phillips [overseer at Clover Bottom] in the spring of 1858, the colored people lived in cabins and houses promiscuously scattered about the place. Entertainments like quilting bees and dances, where people . . . — — Map (db m147635) HM
Built in 1859 by David H. McGavock, this mansion stands on land inherited by McGavock's wife, Willie, from her father, William Harding. The smaller house to the left was built in 1802. Dr. James Priestley's Academy, established about 1816, was . . . — — Map (db m147569) HM
Germantown was home to many 19th-cen. European immigrants who brought their trade skills to Nashville, including brewing. By 1865 Germantown was home to 4 breweries: North Nashville Brewery (C. Kreig); Rock City Brewery (F. Kuhn); Cumberland Brewery . . . — — Map (db m163414) HM
In the spring of 1810, Alexander Wilson, noted author, naturalist, and known as the "Father of American Ornithology", visited this area while on a horseback trip over the Natchez Trace to the Mississippi River. While here he lodged with the pioneer, . . . — — Map (db m193470) HM
Two blocks west is the grave of this renowned frontiersman and Goodlettsville’s first citizen. Coming first to the Cumberland Settlements in 1770, he returned in 1780 and built his fort one-half mile north on Mansker’s creek. He repeatedly fought . . . — — Map (db m2428) HM
In 1843, Goodlettsville Cumberland Presbyterian Church was organized near Mansker Creek and was originally known as Mansker Creek Congregation. In January 1848, the church moved to the present location and burned in 1901. The present edifice was . . . — — Map (db m2583) HM
He erected his fort, called Manskers Station in 1780, 1 mile north on Manskers Creek. He was laid to rest in the community he served for 40 years. His remains were moved to this site by the Goodlettsville Men's Club, 1956. — — Map (db m178469) HM
Here on west bank of the creek that he discovered in 1772, Kasper Mansker and other first settlers built a log fort in 1779. John Donelson’s family fled here in 1780 for safety from Indians. Mansker abandoned the fort in 1781 and moved to Fort . . . — — Map (db m2586) HM
Here, near Mansker’s Lick, Casper Mansker established a station of the Cumberland Settlements in 1780. The road connecting with Nashboro was built in 1781. John Donelson and his family moved here after abandoning his Clover Bottom Station, following . . . — — Map (db m2375) HM
Mansker's Fort, built 1779.
Stood one quarter mile south of Long Hollow Road on west bank of Mansker's Creek one half mile from this spot.
Second Mansker's Fort, built 1783.
Stood half mile north of Long Hollow Road on cast . . . — — Map (db m178474) HM
New Bethel Baptist Church (formerly White's Creek) was organized in 1794 six miles north of Nashville on White's Creek Pike, through the labors of Daniel Brown, Joshua White, Nathan Arnett and Patrick Mooney. It was moved to Dickerson Road in 1837 . . . — — Map (db m149965) HM
Immediately to the east is one of the stone bridges over which passed the old stage road from Nashville to Louisville. The stage line operated until the rail-road was completed in 1859. — — Map (db m83281) HM
This is the "dream house" of country music icon Patsy Cline, born Virginia Patterson Hensley in 1932. Roy Acuff offered her a job by the age of 16, but she opted to sing with a local group back home in Winchester, Va. She changed her name in 1953 . . . — — Map (db m146002) HM
Near Mansker’s Creek stands a rare example of Federal architecture built by Capt. William Bowen and Mary Henley Russell. Bowen, an early pioneer and Indian fighter had served in the French & Indian and Revolutionary wars before moving his family to . . . — — Map (db m85438) HM
Davidson County. Established 1783; named in honor of Brig. Gen. William Lee Davidson of North Carolina. Distinguished officer in the Revolutionary War. Served with the Army at Valley Forge. Killed in action at Cowan’s Ford, N.C., 1781.
. . . — — Map (db m2374) HM
When Jackson's plantation turned a profit in the 1820s, he invested it in slaves and buildings. Letters sent from Jackson to Andrew Jackson Jr. and his overseer in 1829 show that brick was being made for new buildings. In September 1829, Andrew . . . — — Map (db m85383) HM
Rachel Jackson quietly suffered through Jackson’s bid for the White House, as his enemies attacked the circumstances of their marriage. Although Jackson easily won the presidency, Rachel dreaded the gossiping whispers of Washington’s social circles. . . . — — Map (db m81403) HM
Andrew Jackson took on life with grit and determination. Both served him well. Through persistence, ambition, and luck, the boy born into a struggling immigrant family and orphaned at age fourteen, would become a respected lawyer, judge, . . . — — Map (db m81404) HM
Andrew Jackson arrived at the Hermitage in 1804 with nine slaves. By 1821, that number had risen to fifty. In 1823, Jackson brought another thirty enslaved African Americans here from his recently sold Alabama plantation.
Faced with pressing . . . — — Map (db m81405) HM
The idyllic planter’s life presented to white visitors by the Jackson family was based on the unpaid labor of over 150 enslaved black men, women, and children. Without the grueling labor of these individuals, the Jackson family could not have lived . . . — — Map (db m52407) HM
For nearly thirty years – from the construction of the brick dwellings in 1829 to the sale of this parcel of land in 1856 – the Field Quarter was home to at least eight enslaved families at The Hermitage. With fifty to eighty . . . — — Map (db m85429) HM
In the years after Andrew Jackson’s death, the Jackson’s financial situation changed for the worse. The log farmhouse/slave cabin slowly fell into ruin. In 1889, the state of Tennessee entrusted the property to the Ladies’ Hermitage Association. . . . — — Map (db m81406) HM
While the bold and dramatic claim center stage, history is also written in the quite, humble ways...and lives. Alfred Jackson was unique among the enslaved at The Hermitage. Born at The Hermitage to Betty, the cook, and Ned, the carpenter, Alfred . . . — — Map (db m81407) HM
Of all the young men Andrew Jackson helped raise, perhaps none showed as much promise as Rachel's nephew Andrew Jackson Donelson. Donelson became Jackson's ward at age five when his father died.
Jackson saw to young Donelson's education, sending . . . — — Map (db m182555) HM
In 1921 the State rented land west of Shute Lane and erected two hangars here for the 105th Observation Squadron, Tennessee National Guard. The airfield of about 100 acres was named for H. O. Blackwood, who gave $1,000 to aid the project. The first . . . — — Map (db m147683) HM
In 1940, The Ladies' Hermitage Association constructed this building to be used for meetings and receptions. Today, the cabin still serves as a meeting place and classroom, and is also rented for private functions. — — Map (db m85380) HM
Although no Civil War battles were fought here, the war touched Andrew Jackson's farm in other ways. Jackson had been a firm Unionist, putting down Nullification and its potential for civil war during his presidency. However, after his death, his . . . — — Map (db m214555) HM
In 1780, the Gower party, tending Middle Tennessee's first cotton and corn crop, were killed or captured by Indians. On nearby Stone's River some flatboats were built for Aaron Burr's abortive expedition. The famous match races between Andrew . . . — — Map (db m147672) HM
Most of the 483 Confederate soldiers buried here were veterans who died while in the Confederate Soldiers' Home which stood about 1 mile north of here. Also buried here is Ralph Ledbetter, former slave and bodyguard to a Confederate officer during . . . — — Map (db m147676) HM WM
Residents of the Tennessee Confederate Soldiers’ Home gained admission by proving that they served in the Confederate army honorably and that they could no longer provide for themselves. For most, an approved pension application or military record . . . — — Map (db m182543) HM
After the Civil War, many soldiers struggled with poverty, mental health issues, and physical disabilities. The federal government, along with concerned citizens, provided pensions and group homes for Union soldiers. In the former Confederate . . . — — Map (db m182547) HM
In spite of the threat of violence, the men, women, and children who Andrew Jackson held in bondage still found ways to fight against the injustice and inhumanity of slavery. There were several instances of slaves running away. Jackson family . . . — — Map (db m85475) HM
As early as 1815, school was held nearby at Stoner's Lick Methodist Church. In 1843, early settler Timothy Dodson granted land for a dedicated schoolhouse that was built c. 1855. After it burned, classes were held at the Hermitage railroad station . . . — — Map (db m147673) HM
From this point, you have many tour options inviting you to think about another time here at this 1120–acre National Historic Landmark. Use the map to guide you to any of the many points of interest you’ll find throughout Andrew Jackson’s . . . — — Map (db m85369) HM
This path leads to the Field Quarter, an area that was once home to at least eighty enslaved African-Americans. A series of illustrated signs near exposed building foundations at the site help you to “see” what life was like for this . . . — — Map (db m81410) HM
This path leads to the Field Quarter, an area that was once home to at least eighty enslaved African-Americans. A series of illustrated signs near exposed building foundations at the site help you to "see" what life was like for this part of the . . . — — Map (db m85379) HM
Andrew Jackson built a cotton gin and press at The Hermitage in 1807, both of which stood in the field in front of you. It was a shrewd decision on Jackson's part, not only making his plantation more self-sufficient, but also generating additional . . . — — Map (db m85479) HM
Andrew Jackson called it his farm, but in reality, The Hermitage was a large cotton plantation dependent upon enslaved labor. All the agricultural activities on Jackson’s 1000 – acre plantation supported his cotton. On average, Jackson’s . . . — — Map (db m81422) HM
On Cumberland River, two miles north, was Andrew Jackson's plantation, Hunter's Hill, which he bought in 1796 and where he lived until 1804 when he sold it to Colonel Edward Ward and removed to the adjoining tract to which he gave the name of the . . . — — Map (db m147681) HM
The Hermitage icehouse, a common feature on larger farms and plantations during the nineteenth century, stood on the north side of the smokehouse.
Archaeological excavation at this site in 1993 uncovered a portion of a 20 by 20 foot . . . — — Map (db m85480) HM
Prescribed grazing at the Hermitage improves forage, animal, soil, and water resources.
Animal resources are improved by striving to maintain quality forge 3” to 8” tall. This height allows graze animals to have optimum intake. . . . — — Map (db m81424) HM
Native warm season grasses grow well during the summer heat. These are bunch type grasses, and the bare ground between the grass clumps provides wildlife cover and nesting space. Habitat conditions are excellent for species such as bobwhite quail, . . . — — Map (db m85446) HM
In 2006, archaeologists discovered a slave cemetery at the site of a new subdivision on the former Ingleside plantation that once adjoined The Hermitage.
This cemetery likely held the remains of the enslaved from not only Ingleside, but also . . . — — Map (db m182548) HM
For the Jackson family, the enslaved were property and the foundation of their wealth. The monetary value of the enslaved far exceeded the combined worth of the Hermitage land, mansion and other improvements.
Andrew Jackson himself had no . . . — — Map (db m52412) HM
Stone Hall and the cabin Eversong on the Stones River are situated on land that
before white settlers came was Native American Indian hunting grounds controlled
primarily by the Cherokee, but also used by the Shawnee and Chickasaw. . . . — — Map (db m147665) HM
Artifacts found during excavations of the Field Quarter have much to say about daily life within the Hermitage enslaved community. Animal bones tell us a great deal about diet. Buttons and sewing equipment provide details about clothing. Marbles, . . . — — Map (db m85445) HM
This crude, unhewn piece of everlasting granite
is here to mark the resting place of manly men
men like it: firm, solid, true men who, in support
of principle, uncomplainingly endured hunger,
cold and deprivation which history cannot . . . — — Map (db m182551) WM
Like its landscape, so too have the homes of the Hermitage been touched by time and circumstance. Andrew and Rachel Jackson's first Hermitage home was a substantial and well-furnished two-story log farmhouse, where they lived from 1804 until well . . . — — Map (db m85367) HM
The Belted Galloway is an heirloom breed of beef cattle originating in the mountainous region of Galloway in southwestern Scotland. A hardy breed, they are naturally polled (hornless) and are distinguished by their thick heavy coats and white belt . . . — — Map (db m81425) HM
This cemetery provides a resting place for many members of the Donelson family whose original burial sites have been lost to development. It is not original to the Hermitage Church grounds.
In 1948, a local chapter of the Daughters of the . . . — — Map (db m182534) HM
In 1806, Andrew Jackson purchased 640 acres north of the first Hermitage and in turn used this land mostly for field crops such as cotton and corn. Jackson chose this portion of that land to build dwellings for his field slaves because of its . . . — — Map (db m85432) HM
Known as “Muddy Spring” in Andrew Jackson's time, this fast flowing spring was the primary source of water for the fifty to eighty enslaved men, women, and children who lived in the nearby Field Quarter.
Along with its life-sustaining . . . — — Map (db m85382) HM
These log buildings tell a remarkable American story unlike any other. From 1804 to 1821, as a two-story farmhouse and kitchen outbuilding, the First Hermitage housed future United States President Andrew Jackson and his family. Here, Jackson lived . . . — — Map (db m52420) HM
This small brick privy or necessary is something of a mystery. No documents or illustrations record the presence of such a building when the Jackson family lived on the property. Archaelogical evidence suggests that an older building may have stood . . . — — Map (db m85374) HM
Home of Andrew Jackson (1767~1845), Major General in the Army, hero of the Battle of New Orleans, and seventh President of the United States. It was originally built in 1819; partially burned in 1834, during Jackson's second term, replaced by the . . . — — Map (db m36280) HM
In 1823, Andrew Jackson donated the land, a portion of the funds, and the labor of his slaves to build this simple church. There's little doubt that it was the encouragement of Rachel Jackson, a devout Presbyterian, that prompted her husband's . . . — — Map (db m182525) HM
As with all living things, the Hermitage Garden cannot be wholly defined by any particular moment in time. Gardens grow and change. Few records tell us about the appearance of the garden Andrew Jackson enjoyed. Jackson hired gardener William Frost . . . — — Map (db m85370) HM
At a time when limited resources led to smaller dwellings, the distinctions between indoor and outdoor life blurred. When Jackson lived in the log farmhouse, this area buzzed with dawn-to dusk activity, sounds and smells. Cramped housing for white . . . — — Map (db m81426) HM
At first glance, The Hermitage Landscape may seem largely untouched by time. Look more closely, however, and discover the changes brought by over 200 years of labor...living...and a changing America.
White Americans and their slaves first . . . — — Map (db m85360) HM
Elegant as it is, The Hermitage Mansion is also a prime example that, indeed, beauty sometimes does lie “in the eye of the beholder.” Andrew Jackson's visitors got their first good look at his home as they rounded the graceful curves of . . . — — Map (db m85366) HM
As was common at large plantations, Jackson hired a white overseer on an annual contract to supervise farm operations, particularly the lives and work of the enslaved. The overseer's contract began on January 1, after the previous year's crop had . . . — — Map (db m85477) HM
This log building was not part of Andrew Jackson’s Hermitage. In 1929, a fire destroyed one of Jackson’s original barns. To help replace it, The Ladies’ Hermitage Association purchased and moved this log building from the nearby Hunter's Hill . . . — — Map (db m52416) HM
Andrew Jackson's strong sense of family extended beyond those he embraced during his lifetime.
Reaching into the future to touch generations yet to come, he deeded a small portion of the garden in trust to serve as a family cemetery. Stones . . . — — Map (db m85372) HM
At a time when America was growing in more than material ways, the Jacksons, too, were touched by matters spiritual. In the early 1800s, the stresses of a young nation on the move to new political, geographic, and economic areas produced rapid . . . — — Map (db m182530) HM
The remains of the North Cabin stood near this spot until 1988 when it was dismantled because of structural instability. The foundation of the chimney is the only part of the building visible. The North Cabin was a one-story log dwelling with a . . . — — Map (db m85478) HM
Of all the enticements Tennessee offered settlers, one promised both survival and a future: Water. Falling from above, bubbling up from below, flowing in broad river “highways”: Water.
Two natural free-flowing springs made The . . . — — Map (db m81428) HM
Rarely do facts alone uncover the past. Scholarship, judgment, and analysis all have roles in interpreting evidence, and hints, of long-ago lives. So it is with these stones marking the location of a building that Hermitage archaeologists have named . . . — — Map (db m52410) HM
In 1915, The Ladies' Hermitage Association planted this double line of trees to serve as the border for a new entryway intended for visitors arriving by automobile. Each tree came from a battlefield where Andrew Jackson fought, such as the Plain of . . . — — Map (db m214554) HM
The stately trees and park-like grounds of today’s Hermitage bear scant resemblance to the working plantation of Andrew Jackson’s time. As the farm developed, trees were cleared to make room for fields and pastures.
By the time the first . . . — — Map (db m52408) HM
In 1834, Andrew Jackson Donelson began plans for his eventual return to Tennessee when Jackson's presidency ended in 1837. Donelson chose to build a new home on his land adjoining The Hermitage. There he could be near Andrew Jackson, as he had been . . . — — Map (db m182561) HM
Designed by Jos. Reiff, who was also builder of the Hermitage, this house was built in 1836 for Andrew J. Donelson, Jackson's namesake and secretary. A West Point graduate, Donelson was at one time minister to Prussia, and held other offices. In . . . — — Map (db m147680) HM
Named for the Paradise brothers, early settlers from North Carolina, this ridge was home to the Joelton Air Force Station from 1956-61, when the 799th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron operated here as a part of the integrated continental . . . — — Map (db m147786) HM
Two miles east on Cumberland River was Neely's Lick, later called Larkin's Sulphur Spring. Here, in the fall of 1780 William Neely was killed and his daughter Mary captured by Indians. Carried by her captors to Michigan, she escaped after two years, . . . — — Map (db m147699) HM
In June 1904 near this spot, "The Morning Star" moored for repairs. Seventh-day Adventist visionary Ellen White, mother of boat owner Edson White, saw the nearby Ferguson Farm for sale and told educators Edward A. Sutherland and Percy T. Magan to . . . — — Map (db m162447) HM
Madison College was founded in 1904 as Nashville Agricultural Normal Institute by Seventh-day Adventists on a farm of 412 acres. A sanitarium and campus industries were integral to the plan of work and study for students training for careers in . . . — — Map (db m147701) HM
After Col. John Donelson was killed in 1785, his widow and family continued to live here in a log house. In 1789 lawyers Andrew Jackson and John Overton boarded with the Donelsons. Here Jackson met Rachel, the Donelson's youngest daughter. They . . . — — Map (db m147702) HM
In 1943, with a $1000 loan from a friend, Douglas G. Odom, Sr., his wife Louise, and their children - Doug Jr., Richard, Judy, and June - started a four-hog a day sausage business. Before selling the company in 2012, the three generation . . . — — Map (db m147698) HM
This stone, Monterey-style house was built in 1925 and purchased in 1952 by “Mr. Country,” Carl Smith, just weeks before his marriage to June Carter, of the famed Carter Family. The farm remained home to June and daughter Carlene . . . — — Map (db m147478) HM
Thomas Talbot, Revolutionary War veteran wounded at the Battle of Kings Mountain,
South Carolina, served as sheriff of Washington County and Senate clerk for the State of
Franklin before moving to Nashville in 1789. On this site, he acquired 290 . . . — — Map (db m151762) HM
Music publishing in Nashville began in 1824 when "The Western Harmony" was published by Allen D. Carden and Samuel J. Rogers. A book of hymns and instruction for singing, it was printed by Carey A. Harris on the press of his newspaper, the Nashville . . . — — Map (db m147736) HM
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