From about 1850 until 1871, a post office, which served the Point Pleasant community, operated near this site. The area was known as Gilead under the first postmaster, L. B. Camp, who earlier had established a ferry crossing the Sabine River (2 mi. . . . — — Map (db m139078) HM
Also known as New Danville, this rural community was established around 1847, and reportedly named by S. Slade Barnett and family in honor of their former hometown of Danville, Kentucky. Located along the intersection of major roadways to Marshall, . . . — — Map (db m138890) HM
Named for nearby spring with gum log curb; organized Oct. 7, 1850, by the Rev. J. M. Becton. The 1850 roll: Mr. and Mrs. Meshack Barber, S. S. Barnett, Mrs. T. C. Barnett, Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Scott, Mr. and Mrs. Allen Sloan, Nancy Sloan, Mr. and Mrs. . . . — — Map (db m138892) HM
Camp's Ferry was established in 1855 to cross the Sabine River. L.B.Camp, whom the ferry is named after, located the crossing on a portion of the 640 acres he purchased for $1000. Mr. Camp was authorized to charge a person on foot 10’ to cross the . . . — — Map (db m179765) HM
In the rodeo circuit, Deb put Gladewater on the map. She rodeoed all over the world with her barrel racing horse. Brown. Brown was crippled when Deb got him but the two of them went on to the PRCA National Finals eleven consecutive times. She was . . . — — Map (db m179706) HM
The #610 Texas & Pacific steam locomotive rolled through Gladewater on May 13, 1873. Land for the railroad was acquired in 1870 from Mr. & Mrs. Anderson White with the provision that the Texas & Pacific Railroad Company survey the surrounding land . . . — — Map (db m179764) HM
Edgar Lathgro Walker of Tennessee wed Nannie E. Lewis, a native of Kentucky, in 1891. The couple later brought their two young daughters, Lena and Alma, to Gladewater to visit E.L.'s brother, William, and they decided to stay. Their third daughter, . . . — — Map (db m136256) HM
Elvis Presley booked one of his first shows in Texas at the Mint Club in Gladewater on November 22, 1954 with the assistance of KSIJ DJ Tom Perryman. Elvis would continue to book shows throughout East Texas, while staying with the Perryman family . . . — — Map (db m179696) HM
The W. E. Nunnelee Bus Lines began passenger service from Tyler to Gladewater and Mt. Pleasant in March 1925; later added buses from Tyler to Henderson and Nacogdoches. Twenty-six vehicles were operated over the 205 miles. These included 7-passenger . . . — — Map (db m136243) HM
Developed as a railroad town in the 1870s, Gladewater grew slowly but steadily in the first decades of its existence. In 1922, twelve adults and two children led by the Rev. H.T. Perritte of Longview met in Mr. and Mrs. J.A. Godfrey's home to . . . — — Map (db m139125) HM
Built 1890 on site purchased 1884 by William Emmett and Mary R. Foshee. He was a native of Alabama and she was a member of the pioneer Shepperd family of Upshur County. Eight children were born to this couple.
Lumber for house was sawed at . . . — — Map (db m139096) HM
Gemmette Shepperd was the son of one of the founding families of Gladewater. The families arrived prior to 1850 to the settlement that would later become Gladewater. Some of the first families include the Camp. Armstrong, Dean, Phillips and . . . — — Map (db m179708) HM
Timber, water, game attracted prehistoric man. Rich soil farmed since 1300 A.D. Spanish explorer visited 1788. Included in Mexican and Republic of Texas Land Grants once occupied by Caddo and Cherokee Indians.
Farmers, lumbermen settled during . . . — — Map (db m161084) HM
Founded as St. Clair, about 3 miles east. Moved to present site on Glade Creek and T&P Railway, 1872. Population grew from 500 to 7000 after oil was discovered in 1931. It became hub of production and refining operations.
Manufacturing, . . . — — Map (db m33490) HM
On November 15, 1900, twenty master masons, many from Longview Masonic Lodge No. 404, presented a petition to form a separate lodge. On April 19, 1901, Grand Master Nat M. Washer issued the dispensation, and Daniel Washington Wood served as First . . . — — Map (db m139119) HM
The Gladewater Post Office was established August 22. 1873. After being located in several downtown buildings, an effort, spearheaded by several Gladewater citizens, was backed by Congressman Lindley Beckworth to have money appropriated for a new . . . — — Map (db m179768) HM
James "Hawk Shaw" Hawkins was one of Gladewater's more colorful characters during the 1950's and 60's. He ran night clubs and gambling establishments all over East Texas while staying one step ahead of the local law enforcement.
Many of his . . . — — Map (db m179797) HM
A native of Gladewater, John Ben Shepperd began a law practice in Longview soon after his graduation from the University of Texas Law School in 1941. After service in World War II, he gained prominence as national president of the Jaycees. His . . . — — Map (db m139132) HM
I wrote the song (I Walk the Line) backstage one night in 1956 in Gladewater, Texas. I was newly married at the time, and I suppose I was laying out my pledge of devotion."
"In the dressing room at Gladewater I was sitting with Carl Perkins, . . . — — Map (db m179697) HM
Manual T. Gonzaulles had Spanish roots. His gray-green eyes troubled men who had something to hide. His mere presence was enough to cause a minor exodus of bad men. He acted as judge, jury and jailer; there, the motto "One riot - One Ranger" . . . — — Map (db m179709) HM
When John Kettle Armstrong and his wife Sarah bought 160 acres here in 1844, they were among the first settlers. Sarah died in 1856 and Armstrong set aside this tract for a cemetery. Tradition says the Armstrong slaves were interred outside the . . . — — Map (db m139092) HM
Rosedale Cemetery was established by John Kittle Armstrong in 1856 as a family cemetery. The first burial was Sarah Armstrong, his wife. The cemetery association was established in 1911 and, in 1932, signed an oil lease with McFarland Oil Company . . . — — Map (db m179766) HM
Gladewater was incorporated on March 19, 1931 after two previous attempts had failed, one in 1873, the year the town was founded. The incorporation was a result of the discovery of oil and the need for an organized form of government. The city . . . — — Map (db m179794) HM
On April 7, 1931 this wildcat well drilled by Selby Oil and Gas Co. of Tulsa, OK. came-in at 1000 barrels an hour. Located in the Sabine River bottom a mile south of town, it connected Gladewater to the vast East Texas Oil Field stretching from . . . — — Map (db m139134) HM
The notorious Bonnie & Clyde had several ties to Gladewater during the years of their crime spree. Bonnie's brother & sister-in-law, Hubert "Buster" & Edith Parker, lived in Gladewater at the time. Edith Parker introduced the two "love-birds" to . . . — — Map (db m179763) HM
Following emancipation, many African American congregations were founded in east Texas in the 1870s, asfreedmen, they wanted their own places to worship in their own communities. Established in the Judson community in 1870, Sherman chapel missionary . . . — — Map (db m164456) HM
Founded 1872 with coming of the I.G.N. Railroad. Named for site donor, a Confederate colonel, Constantine B. Kilgore, State Senator and U. S. Congressman.
Geographical center of huge East Texas oil field. World's greatest concentration of steel . . . — — Map (db m138956) HM
Commerce Street is jammed with boomers during the thirties. Businesses on this site included a hospital bank, dry goods and drug stores. All buildings along Commerce Street between North and Main Streets were razed.
(Photo faces . . . — — Map (db m139652) HM
Derricks topped 1,100 producing wells within Kilgore's city limits. At the back door of these businesses that face Kilgore Street, the photo shows 24 that stood in the world's richest acre – the greatest concentration of drilled wells in the . . . — — Map (db m139588) HM
This photo shows all buildings except Kilgore National Bank (which was the last to go) torn down to make way for the derricks. Remnants of flooring from the building behind the bank can be seen under the pumping unit.
(Photo faces . . . — — Map (db m139651) HM
Organized in 1850 as Gum Spring Presbyterian Church in the rural Danville community, this congregation moved to Kilgore in 1874 and later changed its name to First Presbyterian Church. Built as a result of the 1930s oil boom, this sanctuary replaced . . . — — Map (db m138905) HM
Formal education of Kilgores African American youth is recorded
as early as 1873 through Kilgore Baptist church. On August 27, 1906,
Kilgore residents voted to incorporate the Kilgore Independent
School District (KISD), which included segregated . . . — — Map (db m139140) HM
Public education in Kilgore traces its history to classes held in private homes and the establishment of private institutions, most notably the Alexander Institute. Operated by Isaac Alexander, the school moved to Kilgore in 1873. It continued to . . . — — Map (db m138964) HM
Led in the town's economic development following the 1930s oil boom. Prosperity in the midst of the Great Depression influenced the board of directors to build this structure in 1937. Designed by Henderson architect James L. Downing, who used art . . . — — Map (db m138970) HM
This bungalow style residence was constructed in 1920 for Lou Della (Thompson) Crim (b. 1868), on the former site of the Hearne Hotel. The farm she owned at Laird Hill (4 mi. S) was part of an oil exploration project headed by her son Malcolm, later . . . — — Map (db m138967) HM
At the close of the Civil War, local African Americans, newly freed from slavery, formed the Mt. Pleasant Colored Methodist Episcopal Church. The Rev. M.F. Jamison served as the first pastor for the group, which was part of the East Texas Annual . . . — — Map (db m139138) HM
The invention of mobile workover rigs made standing derricks obsolete. Photographed in 1969 only one well was not cleared. Kilgore Historical Preservation Foundation was founded in 1987 to restore the famous skyline. Today, 12 reconstructed derricks . . . — — Map (db m139589) HM
Before the establishment of public schools, education was provided by small private academies such as the Alexander Institute. a successor to the New Danville Masonic Female Academy, founded in nearby Danville in 1854. The institute was named for . . . — — Map (db m138971) HM
The town of Kilgore was platted by the International Railroad Company after it purchased land for a townsite from C. B. "Buck" Kilgore, who had donated a 200-foot railroad right-of-way in 1871. Kilgore, a resident of Danville (4 mi. E), recognizing . . . — — Map (db m138965) HM
Part of fabulous East Texas oil field discovered in 1930. This 1.195-acre tract had first production on June 17, 1937, when the Mrs. Bess Johnson-Adams & Hale No. 1 well was brought in.
Developed before well-spacing rules, this block is the . . . — — Map (db m96134) HM
Historic rural community in oil-rich Gregg County. Settled before Civil War. Has also been known as Sabine, Mount Moriah, McCary's Chapel, Goforth and Hog Eye (for an early settler with an "eye" for hogs). Present name adopted in early days of . . . — — Map (db m139144) HM
To serve the growing population (2,034 residents by 1900), a volunteer fire department was organized in 1855. Like many other volunteer fire departments of that era, it was a hobby and social club for young civic leaders. The department was based . . . — — Map (db m89193) HM
Longview News-Journal Publisher Carl Estes successfully led a civic effort to bring R.G. LeTourneau's excavator manufacturing company here. An ardent lay evangelist, LeTourneau also established a technical institute on the site of the former Harmon . . . — — Map (db m89267) HM
In January 1873, Upshur County Representative B.W. Brown (a Methodist lay preacher) introduced a bill in the Texas Legislature to make Longview the seat of a new county to be composed of portions of existing Upshur, Rusk and Harrison counties. The . . . — — Map (db m89156) HM
Like the oil boom 60 years later, the railroad boom of the 1870s was a rowdy, colorful period that resulted in lasting improvements. Longview consisted of about 60 hastily built frame buildings near Center and Tyler Streets. Almost half of the . . . — — Map (db m89186) HM
Along with the abundance of natural resources, the growth of commercial agriculture and the distribution capability of the railroad, the establishment of banking supplied the final ingredient needed to solidify the development of Longview's . . . — — Map (db m89067) HM
Before the United States entry into World War II following the bombing of Pearl Harbor in December 1941, ninety-five percent of the crude oil delivered to East Coast refineries was transported by tanker ships. Ninety percent of that oil originated . . . — — Map (db m89033) HM
The decade of the 1970s saw complete integration of the Longview Independent School District. For the first time, African-Americans were elected to the Gregg County Commissioners Court, City Council and School Board. In May 1970, Longview celebrated . . . — — Map (db m89277) HM
May 23, 1894–A bloody day in early Longview. Bill Dalton, leader of armed gang presented a note for money at First National Bank. A gunfight erupted when Sheriff Jack Howard, City Marshall Mat Muckleroy and citizens resisted. Three local men-- . . . — — Map (db m89022) HM
In response to the East Texas oil boom, Delta Drilling Company was founded in 1931 by Bob Stacy, Sam Dorfman, and Joseph Zeppa. Originally housed in an apartment at this site, the firm moved to Tyler in 1937. Delta drilled many of the oil wells . . . — — Map (db m89020) HM
Built in 1910 to house the Citizens National Bank, this structure is the only example of classical revival commercial architecture in Longview. Designed by noted architect and educator Samuel J. Blocker, the Everett Building was constructed by . . . — — Map (db m89023) HM
The original site of Longview lay on the western outskirts of Earpville, a pioneer Upshur County community along the old Marshall-Tyle Road (today known as U.S. Highway 80). Founded around 1850 by James Earp, (pronounced "Arpville") consisted of . . . — — Map (db m89150) HM
Black gold! Suddenly, the Great Depression was forgotten with the late 1930 discovery of the East Texas Oil Field, biggest in the world. Trapped in a layer of porous sandstone called the Woodbine formation 3,600 feet below the surface, the field was . . . — — Map (db m89263) HM
This church was established by nine resident members of the Old School Southern Presbyterian Church as a mission in the new town of Longview in 1872. The first church building was erected on land donated by the Texas and Pacific Railroad in 1874. . . . — — Map (db m138925) HM
The early settlers farmed only to meet their family needs. Any produce left over was used to pay the doctor, the blacksmith or barter for the necessities of life.
Corn was indispensable, meeting a multitude of needs for both family and . . . — — Map (db m89066) HM
General John Gregg
Born Alabama. Came to Texas 1854. Judge, Confederate congressman. Organized 7th Texas Infantry as colonel 1861. Captured at Fort Donelson, Tenn. 1862. Promoted brigadier general after exchange. Commanded brigade . . . — — Map (db m45100) HM
M.H. Graybill acquired land here in 1888. He set aside a tract to be used as a burial ground for local African American sharecroppers and their families. In 1910, Graybill (the cemetery spelling changed over time) sold this tract of land to the . . . — — Map (db m179800) HM
Established here by the United States Army in 1942, Harmon General Hospital was named for Colonel Daniel W. Harmon (1880-1940), a medical officer in the regular army. 220 buildings were rapidly constructed on the 156-acre site, and the hospital was . . . — — Map (db m187819) HM
The area's industrial development was greatly enhanced in 1950 when the Texas Eastman petrochemical plant located near Longview. What originally was intended as a small butyraldehyde plant became the city's biggest employer and the second largest . . . — — Map (db m89272) HM
This east Texas landmark established by John "Johnny" Cace, Jr. has served the area since 1949. Johnny was the son of a Yugoslav immigrant who grew up on the island village of Prvic Luka and spent his childhood fishing and boating in the Adriatic . . . — — Map (db m89031) HM
When George Addison Kelly came to East Texas in 1852 at the age of twenty, he saw possibilities in the manufacture and sale of cowbells to supply wagoners and traders. Resolving to make the bells resonance better, he made a journey to . . . — — Map (db m89064) HM
At one time, nearly all the cotton crops in the state of Texas were grown in east Texas. As with most of the south, cotton played a major role in the Longview economy.
The emergence of "King Cotton" as a marketable cash crop, coupled . . . — — Map (db m89013) HM
By 1872, Longview received nationwide attention by serving as temporary head of the nation's Southern rail line. Business, population and construction were stimulated by wagon traffic from a large area since Longview provided the closest rail . . . — — Map (db m89154) HM
The Kelly Plow Works was reportedly the only non-sawmill industry in the county other than an ice factory. The Kelly plant, supposedly the first chartered industry in Texas, had relocated to Longview from Marion County in 1882. Kelly became well . . . — — Map (db m89246) HM
The last decade of Longview's first hundred years was a time of historic and fundamental change. In 1962, the "slant hole" scandal brought unfavorable national attention to the East Texas Oil Field. (This illegal process actually pioneered . . . — — Map (db m89276) HM
This community originated in the 1870s with the junction of the Texas & Pacific and International & Great Northern Railroad tracks. Churches, residences, hotels, restaurants, businesses, boardinghouses, and schools developed in the area to . . . — — Map (db m138911) HM
The city of Longview was incorporated in 1871, and there is evidence of a volunteer fire department as early as 1887. A new city hall complex with fire station was constructed in 1905, but the 1930s East Texas oil boom and subsequent population . . . — — Map (db m89006) HM
With railroad expansion headed west, O.H. Methvin deeded 150 acres to Southern Pacific Railroad in 1870. In 1871, Longview became the westward terminus of the railroad. Construction of a railroad line between Longview and Palestine began in 1872 by . . . — — Map (db m138915) HM
About 1848, O. H. Methvin (1815-1882) and his father Richard came to Texas from Georgia. O. H. Methvin bought about 1,200 acres in East Texas, including this site, which was his cornfield. He built a home on nearby Rock Hill for . . . — — Map (db m88853) HM
The community of Fredonia was founded by Haden Edwards, a land grantee who contracted in 1825 with the Mexican government to establish 800 families of settlers in East Texas. A later misunderstanding with Mexico caused him to organize the famous . . . — — Map (db m89035) HM
Following the Civil War, emancipated slaves established the Freedmen's Community of Pleasant Green. On December 20, 1871, pastors Henry Moses and Charles Anderson led local residents in organizing a Baptist congregation. The Rev. Henry Mass served . . . — — Map (db m179806) HM
What eventually became the Santa Fe line running south from Longview Junction was begun in 1877 by the locally capitalized Longview and Sabine Valley Railroad Company. As railroads opened virgin forests to harvest, 20 steam-powered sawmills were . . . — — Map (db m89188) HM
A native of Richford, Vermont, Robert G. LeTourneau built his first industrial plant in Stockton, California, in 1921. A self-educated man, he invented and pioneered the use of components now standard in many types of construction equipment. The . . . — — Map (db m187818) HM
Texas' first native governor (1891-1895), James Stephen Hogg, founded here in 1871 his first newspaper, the Longview "News". He was then 20 years old.
In his paper Hogg was a strong supporter of educational and governmental improvements for . . . — — Map (db m138920) HM
Longview was led into the 20th Century by Mayor Gabriel Augustus Bodenheim (1873-1957), known affectionately as "Bodie." Serving as mayor 1904-1916 and 1918-1920, Bodenheim oversaw Longview's first municipal water works, sanitary sewer system . . . — — Map (db m89241) HM
Gregg County was formed in 1873, and Longview was chosen as county seat. The first temporary courthouse was a small building at the corner of Fredonia and Tyler streets. It soon proved inadequate, however, and another temporary courthouse was set . . . — — Map (db m89019) HM
By 1920, Longview boasted 9 1/2 miles of paved streets, concrete sidewalks, electric street lights, municipal garbage collection and a paid fire department with the state's first two pumping trucks. In 1920, the Longview Rotary Club was organized as . . . — — Map (db m89262) HM
The end of World War II ushered in a long period of national prosperity, and Longview thrived thanks to the East Texas Oil Field and associated natural gas. Construction in Longview during the 1950s rivaled or exceeded that of the 1930s. Major . . . — — Map (db m89275) HM
Greater Longview developed around two focal points, each based on a separate depot on the Texas & Pacific track. The downtown depot was on the west side of Fredonia Street while the Junction depot was near the site of the original International . . . — — Map (db m89192) HM
Thanks to discovery of the East Texas Oil Field, Longview's population nearly tripled during the next decade, to 13,758 by 1940. While the rest of the nation suffered during the Great Depression. Longview's citizens, businesses and industry, schools . . . — — Map (db m89264) HM
Sale of lots began in September 1870, with the Southern Pacific buying another 50 acres from O.H. Methvin to extend its town site further west. To attract investors and to speed development, streets were given a metropolitan width of 100 feet. The . . . — — Map (db m89153) HM
On April 7, 1870, O.H. Methvin deeded one hundred acres of farmland to the Southern Pacific Railroad. The uptown depot was constructed immediately north of the rail track on Fredonia Street.
In 1872, the Texas & Pacific took over the . . . — — Map (db m89171) HM
The abundance of natural resources, coupled with the distribution capabilities of the railroad, beginning in 1870, gave rise to the area's first industry – timber, By 1877, there were 20 steam – powered sawmills in Gregg County, . . . — — Map (db m89015) HM
Although J. Garland Pegues had established the City Garage (later Pegues-Hurst Ford), all roads leading in and out of Longview remained dirt wagon tracks. Railroads continued to be the city's lifeline. In 1910, there were 18 daily passenger trains. . . . — — Map (db m89260) HM
In 1883, seven prominent Longview residents chartered the Longview & Junction Railway Company. For nearly thirty years, it operated a mule-drawn trolley that ran between the Junction Depot located at the intersection of Methvin and Sixth . . . — — Map (db m89168) HM
During World War II, served as gathering point for the "Big Inch" pipeline. Two feet in diameter — the largest pipe yet constructed—the "Big Inch" line carried crude oil to Pennsylvania. From there, branches led to East Coast . . . — — Map (db m89265) HM
In 1821 near this site, Cherokee Indians blazed a trail from near Nacogdoches, Texas, to their home reservation at White River, Ark. They slashed trees, cleared path, planted "Cherokee" roses, and established camps at springs.
Used by Sam . . . — — Map (db m139093) HM
Formally organized in 1910, White Oak Baptist Church traces its history to an earlier congregation founded in the sawmill town in 1889. Pastor Robert Marsh led the congregation in 1910. Three years later, M. C. and Ada (Dickinson) Satterwhite joined . . . — — Map (db m139095) HM
The small community of White Oak grew up around a one-room school built in the 1880s. After the first school building burned in 1885, local families worked to erect a new one-room school, which also was used for religious services. By 1912 it was . . . — — Map (db m139094) HM