“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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West Virginia Archives and History Historical Markers

This series is for the markers that are part of the West Virginia Department of Archives and History as well as its predecessor agencies.
Markers in Belington image, Touch for more information
By Craig Swain
Markers in Belington
1West Virginia (Barbour County), Belington — Camp Belington
Union troops under Brigadier General T.A. Morris, advanced from Philippi on July 7, 1861 and established a fortified camp near this site. Battle of Belington took place July 7-11. Confederates were two miles to east at Laurel Hill.Map (db m34424) HM
2West Virginia (Barbour County), Belington — Camp Laurel Hill
Fortified camp occupied by Confederates under Brig. Gen. Robert S. Garnett. June 16 - July 12, 1861. The scene of sharp skirmishes July 7-11. Garnett retreated early in the morning of July 12 after the Rich Mountain defeat.Map (db m34425) HM
3West Virginia (Barbour County), Belington — Laurel Hill
Battle of Laurel Hill, July 8, 1861, between Confederates and McClellan's army, followed by actions at Rich Mountain and Corrick's Ford, gave Federals control of State and established communication lines to the West. Fine view from peak.Map (db m34426) HM
4West Virginia (Barbour County), Belington — Meadowville
Meadowville, on the site of an Indian fort built in 1784, is a few miles north. New Jersey colonists settled there before 1800, and tavern, mills, and stores made it a trading center of the Tygarts Valley for a hundred years.Map (db m34448) HM
5West Virginia (Barbour County), Junior — Barbour County / Randolph County
Barbour County. Formed from Harrison, Lewis, and Randolph in 1843. It is named for a distinguished Virginia jurist, Philip Pendleton Barbour. Scene of opening hostilities on land between the armies of the North and South in 1861. Randolph . . . Map (db m33928) HM
6West Virginia (Barbour County), Philippi — Benjamin F. Kelley
Born in New Hampshire In 1807, he moved to Wheeling and worked as a merchant and as a freight agent for the B&O. He was appointed colonel of the 1st WV (90-day regiment) in 1861 and led the unit at Philippi, where he was seriously wounded. He was . . . Map (db m165028) HM
7West Virginia (Barbour County), Philippi — Birthplace - W.D. Zinn
One mile east is Woodbine Farm, birthplace of W.D. Zinn, noted farmer, writer and lecturer. He contributed much to scientific farming in this and adjoining states. "The Story of Woodbine Farm" is an autobiography of his work.Map (db m33776) HM
8West Virginia (Barbour County), Philippi — First Land Battle
First land battle between the North and South here, June 3, 1861. Confederates under Col. Porterfield were dislodged by Federal troops from Gen. McClellan's army under Col. Kelley. The old covered bridge here was used by both armies.Map (db m33777) HM
9West Virginia (Barbour County), Philippi — Historic Campbell School
After the Civil War, Barbour County residents built this one-room school house near Volga, 8 miles SW. As one of the county's first free schools, it was the center of education for hundreds of children, providing instruction for primary through . . . Map (db m155092) HM
10West Virginia (Barbour County), Philippi — Philippi
Originally called Anglin's Ford for William Anglin but later named Booth's Ferry for Daniel Booth. Near by in 1780, Richard, Cottrill, and Charity Talbott settled. Philippi was named for Judge Philip Pendleton Barbour.Map (db m33702) HM
11West Virginia (Barbour County), Philippi — The Covered Bridge
The Philippi Covered Bridge across Tygart Valley River was built in 1852 by Lemuel Chenoweth of Beverly. Made of wood, with the exception of the iron bolts used to hold the segments together, it is an example of the best in covered bridge . . . Map (db m33665) HM
12West Virginia (Barbour County), Valley Furnace — Valley Furnace
Iron ore was discovered here, 1835, by John Johnson. The Old Iron Furnace, built, 1848, was operated for six years by C.W. Bryant and Isaac Marsh. In 1850, a steam engine replaced the water power used to run fan air blast. Charcoal was fuel used. . . . Map (db m33929) HM
13West Virginia (Berkeley County), Baker Heights — Veterans Administration Center
Established as the Newton D. Baker General Hospital, U.S. Army. Named for Newton D. Baker, native of Martinsburg and Secretary of War, World War I. Opened for patients in 1944. It became Veterans Administration Center in 1946.Map (db m12784) HM
14West Virginia (Berkeley County), Blairton — Van Metre Ford Bridge
Named for the property owners this stone bridge built in 1832 across Opequon Creek was major improvement for travellers on Warm Springs Road connecting Alexandria and Bath, Va., site of famous mineral waters. The Berkeley County Court established a . . . Map (db m12849) HM
15West Virginia (Berkeley County), Bunker Hill — "Morgan Acres"
Two miles west is the site of the first house in present West Virginia. It was built by Col. Morgan Morgan who came from Delaware in 1726. It was destroyed and the one now there was built in 1800 by another Morgan.Map (db m57717) HM
16West Virginia (Berkeley County), Bunker Hill — Morgan Cabin
Originally built 1731-34 as second home of Morgan Morgan-first white settler in West Virginia. Rebuilt with some of original logs in 1976 as a State and County Bicentennial project. It was here during the Revolution that James Morgan, the grandson . . . Map (db m12798) HM
17West Virginia (Berkeley County), Bunker Hill — Morgan Morgan
Morgan Morgan, a native of Wales, established his home at Bunker Hill before 1732, and was leader in Eastern Panhandle’s early development. His sons gave name to Morgantown, and fought in Indian and Revolutionary Wars.Map (db m1176) HM
18West Virginia (Berkeley County), Darkesville — Darkesville
Named for Gen. William Darke, veteran of the Revolution and the Indian wars. He saved the remnants of St. Clair’s army from massacre in 1791 when badly defeated by the Miami Indians. His son, Capt. Joseph Darke, lost his life.Map (db m167181) HM
19West Virginia (Berkeley County), Gerrardstown — Gerard House
Built by John Hays, 1743. Became home of Reverend David Gerard, who founded Gerrardstown in 1787. His father was Reverend John Gerard, the first Baptist Minister west of the Blue Ridge Mountains.Map (db m12793) HM
20West Virginia (Berkeley County), Gerrardstown — Gerrardstown
Established as a town, 1787. Named for John Gerrard, first pastor of Mill Creek Baptist Church, which was organized by early settlers about 1743. The congregation reorganized after Indian hostilities during the French and Indian War.Map (db m12791) HM
21West Virginia (Berkeley County), Hedgesville — Hedgesville
Site of stockade fort built during the early Indian wars. Mt. Zion Episcopal Church was built soon after. A mile west is the tavern, built, 1740–1750, by Robert Snodgrass on land patented in 1732 by William Snodgrass, pioneer settler.Map (db m990) HM
22West Virginia (Berkeley County), Hedgesville — Morgan County / Berkeley County
Morgan County. Formed, 1820, from Berkeley and Hampshire. Named for Gen. Daniel Morgan of the Revolutionary Army. Many of his renowned “Riflemen” were from the Eastern Panhandle, where he once lived. Famed Berkeley Springs here. Berkeley . . . Map (db m1112) HM
23West Virginia (Berkeley County), Marlowe — West Virginia (Berkeley County) / Maryland
West Virginia (Berkeley County) "The Mountain State"—western part of the Commonwealth of Virginia until June 20, 1863. Settled by the Germans and Scotch-Irish. It became a line of defense between the English and French during . . . Map (db m131797) HM
24West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Boydville
Built, 1812, by Elisha Boyd, general in the War of 1812, on land bought from Gen. Adam Stephen. Mansion noted for its fine workmanship. Home of his son-in-law, Charles J. Faulkner, Minister to France, and his grandson, U.S. Senator Faulkner.Map (db m983) HM
25West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Fort Neally
During the French and Indian War, Fort Neally was captured and its garrison massacred, Sept. 17, 1756. Many settlers in the vicinity also were killed. Among captives was Isabella Stockton, later wife of William McCleery, Morgantown.Map (db m12790) HM
26West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Gen. Adam Stephen
Here was home of General Adam Stephen, founder of Martinsburg and county's first sheriff. Was famous as fighter in French and Indian Wars, and as major general in the American Revolutionary War.Map (db m12786) HM
27West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — J. R. Clifford
Born 1848 in Hardy Co. A Civil War vet., Storer College graduate, teacher and principal at local Sumner School. Published Pioneer Press (1882), first African American paper in state. First of race to pass state bar exam (1887); argued two . . . Map (db m1210) HM
28West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Martinsburg
Founded, 1778, by Gen. Adam Stephen. Named for Thomas Martin, nephew of Lord Fairfax. Home of Admirals Charles Boarman and C.K. Stribling. Locomotives seized here, 1861, in Jackson’s raid were drawn by horses to Winchester, Va.Map (db m1973) HM
29West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Martinsburg / Berkeley Riflemen
Martinsburg. Established, 1778, by Gen. Adam Stephen. Named for Col. Thomas Martin, nephew of Lord Fairfax. Home of Admiral C.K. Stribling and Admiral Charles Boarman. In Jackson’s raid, 1861, captured B&O locomotives were drawn by horses to . . . Map (db m1976) HM
30West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Roundhouses and Shops / Railroad Strike of 1877
Roundhouses and Shops. The B&O Railroad reached Martinsburg in 1842, and by 1849, a roundhouse and shops were built. These first buildings were burned by Confederate troops in 1862. The present west roundhouse and the two shops were built . . . Map (db m1197) HM
31West Virginia (Berkeley County), Nollville — Tuscarora Church
Tuscarora Presbyterian Church, which was built before 1745 by Scotch-Irish Presbyterians. Rev. Hugh Vance, first pastor, is buried here. During Indian days, worshipers hung their guns on pegs in the walls while they sang and prayed.Map (db m92578) HM
32West Virginia (Berkeley County), Pikeside — Fort Evans
Fort Evans, built here, 1755, was attacked by Indians, 1756. The men were absent but Polly Evans, whose husband, John, had built the fort, led the women in its defense. The Big Spring here was noted camping ground of both armies, 1861-1865.Map (db m134041) HM
33West Virginia (Berkeley County), Ridgeway — West Virginia (Berkeley County) / Virginia
West Virginia (Berkeley County). "The Mountain State—western part of the Commonwealth of Virginia until June 20, 1863. Settled by the Germans and Scotch-Irish. It became a line of defense between the English and French during . . . Map (db m167182) HM
34West Virginia (Berkeley County), Swan Pond — Swan Pond Manor
1.5 miles north is Swan Pond Manor, a 2,000 acre retreat set aside in 1745 for use by Thomas, Lord Fairfax, once the proprietor of the Northern Neck of Virginia who established an estate at Greenway Court, Frederick County in 1738. So named because . . . Map (db m92579) HM
35West Virginia (Boone County), Madison — Boone County Courthouse
Designed by architect H. Russ Warne in Neo-Classical Revival style. Opened in 1921; replaced first brick courthouse. Features Indiana limestone, Beaux-Arts Classicism in small open-domed belvedere, tetra-style 2-story porticos with Corinthian . . . Map (db m138450) HM
36West Virginia (Boone County), Madison — Madison
County seat, incorporated in 1906 and named for William Madison Peyton, a leader in movement for the formation of Boone County, 1847. Peyton, pioneer in the development of the Coal River Valley, locked and dammed Coal River in the 1840’s and . . . Map (db m138449) HM
37West Virginia (Boone County), Madison — Robert Hager
Born in 1810 in present-day Boone County, Methodist minister Robert Hager was a delegate to the state’s first constitutional convention in Wheeling. 1861-1863. He supported including a provision for gradual emancipation in WV and also a . . . Map (db m138447) HM
38West Virginia (Boone County), Nellis — Nellis / ARMCO Coal
Founded in 1917 by T. E. B. Siler and M. Slush; named for newspaper editor Frank Nellis. Purchased by ARMCO in 1920. Noted as model coal mining town. Homes were built by Minter of Huntington. ARMCO Assoc. Building, in center of town, housed . . . Map (db m137428) HM
39West Virginia (Boone County), Peytona — Coal Discovered
John Peter Salley (Salling) and companions discovered coal near here in 1742 on their exploring trip from the Greenbrier River. They followed the Coal River to its junction with The Great Kanawha River at St. Albans.Map (db m137510) HM
40West Virginia (Boone County), Peytona — Indian Camp
Under rock overhang across highway was an Indian camp site. Here were found several burials. One occupation, Fort Ancient, dates from A.D. 1400; another, Buck Garden, from A.D. 1000. Pottery and other artifacts were found.Map (db m137446) HM
41West Virginia (Boone County), Peytona — John Edward Kenna
To the north, birthplace and home of John Edward Kenna, U. S. Senator and prominent figure in the early life of this State. His statue stands among the notables of other States in the Hall of Columns in the national capitol in Washington.Map (db m137454) HM
42West Virginia (Boone County), Peytona — Peytona
Named for William Madison Peyton, father of navigation on Coal River, who promoted and actively engaged in coal mining. As chief engineer for the Coal River Navigation Company, he locked and dammed Coal River in the 1840’s and made it . . . Map (db m137511) HM
43West Virginia (Boone County), Whitesville — The Whitesville School
Completed as Sherman District Jr. High in 1931. Whitesville School replaced a building that burned down in 1929. Wysong and Bengston designed the rare example of high-style Art Deco architecture in the southern West Virginia coalfields. Since . . . Map (db m137755) HM
44West Virginia (Braxton County), Bulltown — Bulltown / Bulltown Battle
Bulltown. Important point in plan of Washington to establish water transportation to West. Salt was made here as early as 1792. Attack of whites in 1772 upon Captain Bull's Indian village here was among the causes of Dunmore's War. . . . Map (db m37050) HM
45West Virginia (Braxton County), Burnsville — Braxton County / Gilmer County
Braxton County Formed in 1836 from Lewis, Kanawha, and Nicholas. Named for Carter Braxton, signer of the Declaration of Independence. Washington planned to establish important point in project for western communication in this county. Gilmer . . . Map (db m73419) HM
46West Virginia (Braxton County), Burnsville — Town of Burnsville
Area first settled in 1798; Payton Byrnes came in 1830. First known as Lumberport in 1866, when Capt. John Burns established first saw mill in area. Incorporated by county in 1902 and named for Burns.Map (db m50025) HM
47West Virginia (Brooke County), Beech Bottom — Beech Bottom Fort
Near here stood Beech Bottom Fort, which was with Fort Pitt and Fort Henry in the group of posts guarding the western borders during the Revolution and its attendant Indian wars. Troops from Fort Pitt helped garrison this important fort.Map (db m54915) HM
48West Virginia (Brooke County), Beech Bottom — West Virginia Flying Corps
On land near here was state's first military airfield, home to the West Virginia Flying Corps. Founded in April 1917 by Louis Bennett Jr. and backed by state and private funds, the corps was modeled after the French Lafayette Escadrille with the . . . Map (db m176858) HM
49West Virginia (Brooke County), Bethany — Alexander Campbell
Here lived the leading influence in America's largest indigenous religious movement, Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), and founder of Bethany College. Built in four periods: the John Brown Mansion, completed in 1793; Buffalo Seminary, in 1819; . . . Map (db m20826) HM
50West Virginia (Brooke County), Bethany — Bethany / Bethany College
Bethany Here Scots-Irish Alexander Campbell founded a religious movement which he called the Disciples of Christ. In this place Amos Dolbear perfected parts of the telephone, and longtime Speaker of the House "Champ" Clark, Supreme Court . . . Map (db m79899) HM
51West Virginia (Brooke County), Bethany — Bethany / Rice's Fort
Bethany Bethany College, established here in 1840, oldest school of college rank in State. The home and the study of Alexander Campbell, founder, are here. Prof. A. E. Dolbear here perfected parts of the telephone, which Bell used. . . . Map (db m79900) HM
52West Virginia (Brooke County), Bethany — Bethany Church of Christ
Bethany Church of Christ, the oldest church building in Bethany, was built in 1852 according to plans drawn by Alexander Campbell, founder of Bethany College and leader in the Disciples Movement. Its foundation is built of stone from the original . . . Map (db m20830) HM
53West Virginia (Brooke County), Bethany — Campbell Cemetery
Here are buried the Campbell family; the first missionaries, other prominent leaders in the Disciples Movement, presidents and distinguished teachers of Bethany College. The seven foot hand hewed stonewall is a unique feature of Cemetery.Map (db m20963) HM
54West Virginia (Brooke County), Bethany — Delta Tau Delta Birthplace
In this house, 8 Bethany College Students - William Cunningham, John Johnson, Alexander Earle, Richard Alfred, Eugene Tarr, Henry Bell, John Hunt and Jacob Lowe - Met in 1858 and founded Delta Tau Delta. This social fraternity soon spread across the . . . Map (db m20849) HM
55West Virginia (Brooke County), Colliers — St. John's Episcopal Church
Founded in 1793 by Joseph Doddridge. It is the first Episcopal Church west of the Alleghenies and the oldest continuous worshipping congregation within this religious body in West Virginia. The first church, made of logs, was burned by Indians. . . . Map (db m79897) HM
56West Virginia (Brooke County), Follansbee — Fort Decker
John Decker built a fort of logs and stone on a site just north of State St. near Ohio River, 1774. Leaden bullets and arrowheads found here on the river bank signify Native American attack on the fort from Mingo Island.Map (db m21605) HM
57West Virginia (Brooke County), Power — Village of Power / Windsor Power Plant
Village of Power. Built to house employees of the Windsor Power Plant, the village of Power consisted of 100 homes along tree-lined streets, a post office, and a company-owned store. There also was a fulltime doctor. Residents gathered . . . Map (db m164737) HM
58West Virginia (Brooke County), Wellsburg — Bethany Turnpike Tunnels
First highway tunnels constructed west of Alleghenies. They were built in 1831 by Richard Waugh at personal expense to ease transportation to his flour mills. The tunnels, a mile apart, were removed by the State in 1957.Map (db m21614) HM
59West Virginia (Brooke County), Wellsburg — Campbell Tarr
Born in Wellsburg. January 8. 1819, Tarr opposed Virginia secession in 1861. A staunch Unionist. he was a delegate to the first and second Wheeling conventions, raised Union Troops, and was treasurer for the Restored Government of Virginia. He . . . Map (db m189408) HM
60West Virginia (Brooke County), Wellsburg — Drovers Inn
Constructed by John Fowler, 1848-51 with bricks fired on the property. First known as Fowler's Inn, the house provided food and lodging for drovers herding livestock over the Wellsburg-Washington Turnpike to eastern markets. Other services provided . . . Map (db m42167) HM
61West Virginia (Brooke County), Wellsburg — George Washington Crossing, 1770
George Washington began a journey on October 5, 1770 to the Ohio Country to see lands he had fought to win and now hoped to own. After a trip, on November 3, up the Kanawha River, the party headed back up the Ohio River. On November 17, they reached . . . Map (db m33913) HM
62West Virginia (Brooke County), Wellsburg — Grimes Golden Apple
Watering trough marks location of first Grimes Golden Apple tree, discovered by owner of land, Thomas Grimes, in 1802. Memorial Trough sponsored by the Franklin Country Women's Club in 1922.Map (db m70931) HM
63West Virginia (Brooke County), Wellsburg — Isaac Duvall and Company
The first glass house in Western Virginia was built at Charlestown, now Wellsburg, in 1813, by Isaac Taylor Duvall and Company. It was located on the southeast corner of Fifth and Yankee Streets. Cobalt blue, green and clear flint glass wares were . . . Map (db m39642) HM
64West Virginia (Brooke County), Wellsburg — Miller's Tavern
Built by John Henderson prior to 1798 in Federal style, the building was leased by William Miller and operated as a tavern for 50 years. Since 1974 building has housed the Brooke County Museum.Map (db m21628) HM
65West Virginia (Brooke County), Wellsburg — Patrick Gass
Born 12 June 1771, Gass served as carpenter for Lewis and Clark. The expedition explored and studied the land, waterways, animal life, natural features and resources of the West. Gass's journal of trip was published in 1807. Soldier in the War of . . . Map (db m39731) HM
66West Virginia (Brooke County), Wellsburg — Waugh Flour Mills
Four flour mills were constructed near Wellsburg in the early 1800s. The first of these mills was built by John Moore in 1800. Moore's son-in-law, Richard Waugh, built the old stone mill in 1824, and the upper mill in 1835. A. M. Buchanan built the . . . Map (db m79898) HM
67West Virginia (Brooke County), Wellsburg — Wellsburg
Established in 1791. Brooke Academy, started, 1778, incorporated in 1799. Here lived Joseph Doddridge, the author of "Frontier Notes," and Patrick Gass, member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition and author of its "Journal."Map (db m39699) HM
68West Virginia (Brooke County), Wellsburg — Wellsburg Wharf
In the 1790's, flatboats left here with their cargoes for southern markets. To accommodate and store products, warehouses and wharfs were built along our river banks. This wharf, which was established in the 1800's, extended twenty feet out in the . . . Map (db m21637) HM
69West Virginia (Cabell County), Barboursville — Barboursville
Established, 1813. County seat moved here from Guyandotte and remained until taken to Huntington in 1887. Before the Guyandotte courthouse was chosen,court met at the home of William Merritt, 1809-1810, on Mud River near here.Map (db m73691) HM
70West Virginia (Cabell County), Barboursville — Battle of Barboursville
Site of early Civil War battle fought July 13, 1861. Border Rangers and local citizens met on “Fortification Hill” to repel an advance by five companies of the 2nd Kentucky Infantry. After firing several volleys, Union troops made a bayonet . . . Map (db m125932) HM
71West Virginia (Cabell County), Barboursville — Old Toll House
This old toll house, built in 1837, stood below town of Barboursville on Guyan River bank; tolls collected on James River - Kanawha Turnpike from those using the ferry. Restored in 1950 by the D.A.R., BarboursvilleMap (db m64095) HM
72West Virginia (Cabell County), Barboursville — Woody Williams Bridge
Bridge named for Hershel "Woody" Williams, who as a corporal in 3rd Marine Div. during World War II won Congressional Medal of Honor for heroism against the Japanese at Iwo Jima, 23 February 1945.Map (db m73686) WM
73West Virginia (Cabell County), Glenwood — General Jenkins
. . . Map (db m73693) HM
74West Virginia (Cabell County), Guyandotte — Granville Parker
Born January 1809 in Massachusetts, he was a lawyer who came to Cabell County shortly before the Civil War. A Unionist, he fled when A. G. Jenkins called for his arrest. From 1861 to 1863, he was a delegate to the constitutional convention for the . . . Map (db m178192) HM
75West Virginia (Cabell County), Guyandotte — Historic Carroll House
First located in Gallipolis, Ohio, the house, owned by James Gallaher. was floated down the Ohio River to Guyandotte in 1810. Obtained by the Carroll family, it was used as an inn and site for Catholic Mass. On November l1, 1861, Mary . . . Map (db m178157) HM
76West Virginia (Cabell County), Huntington — B&O Railroad Depot / Heritage Village
B&O Railroad Depot. Passenger station completed 1887, freighthouses 1890 with additions 1898, 1911 & 1916. B&O, oldest U.S. line, acquired in 1901. Superior location in business district gave B&O edge over C&O in city. Heritage Village. . . . Map (db m73740) HM
77West Virginia (Cabell County), Huntington — Carter Godwin Woodson
Historian, author, educator. Founder of the Assoc. for the Study of Negro Life and History, 1915. Began Journal of Negro History, 1916. In 1926 began Negro History Week, later Black History Month. A graduate and later principal, Douglass H.S., . . . Map (db m73733) HM
78West Virginia (Cabell County), Huntington — Chesapeake & Ohio 1308
The 1308, built in 1949, was one of the last working steam locomotives built by Baldwin Locomotive Works for a Class 1 railroad in the USA. It primarily hauled coal from Logan Co. Retired from C&O Railway service in 1956. Moved in September 1962 to . . . Map (db m60349) HM
79West Virginia (Cabell County), Huntington — Elk River Coal & Lumber Company #10 Steam Locomotive
Built by American Locomotive Company in 1924, the #10 was used to haul mine waste from Rich Run Mine in Widen, WV. Retired from Elk River Coal and Lumber in 1959 and moved to its present location on May 27, 1977. Placed on National Register of . . . Map (db m62334) HM
80West Virginia (Cabell County), Huntington — Guyandotte
Indian name. Founded in 1810. Site chosen as county seat, 1809, and court first met here, October, 1810. Important point in river traffic, connecting with the James River and Kanawha Turnpike. Burned during the War between the States.Map (db m73705) HM
81West Virginia (Cabell County), Huntington — Huntington
Originally called Holderby’s Landing. Laid out as a town, 1869, by Collis P. Huntington of the C&O Railroad, and named for him when incorporated in 1871. Western end of C&O when the first trains came from Richmond in 1873.Map (db m126030) HM
82West Virginia (Cabell County), Huntington — Huntington Mine Rescue Car
One of the original 7 US Bureau of Mines train cars was headquartered near C&O tracks, 1911–1933. The wooden car, with crew & supplies, traveled the WV region to give mine safety & rescue training and to aid in mine disaster rescue efforts. . . . Map (db m126017) HM
83West Virginia (Cabell County), Huntington — James River Company
George Washington was made president in 1785 of the James River Company. His plan of communication to the West eventually resulted in the construction of the Midland Trail, U.S. 60, and the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad.Map (db m126041) HM
84West Virginia (Cabell County), Huntington — John Hunt Oley
Born 1830 in Utica, NY, Oley was in that state's National Guard and came to western Virginia in 1861 to drill Union troops. He rose to rank of brevet brigadier general by war's end. In 1871 Oley settled in Huntington and worked as land agent . . . Map (db m178145) HM
85West Virginia (Cabell County), Huntington — John S. Witcher
Born 1839 in Cabell County, Witcher was clerk of the court, and in 1862 he began distinguished service with the 3rd West Virginia Cavalry and was appointed brevet brigadier general by end of war. Served as state delegate, secretary of . . . Map (db m125938) HM
86West Virginia (Cabell County), Huntington — Lavinia Norman, FounderAlpha Kappa Alpha Sorority
Born on December 14, 1882, in Montgomery, WV. Lavinia Norman later attended Howard University in Washington, DC. In 1908, with eight other students, she founded Alpha Kappa Alpha, the oldest Greek-lettered organization for African American . . . Map (db m125986) HM
87West Virginia (Cabell County), Huntington — Marshall Memorial Boulevard
On November 14, 1970, a chartered jet crashed on approach to Tri-State Airport near Huntington, claiming the lives of seventy-five members of the Marshall University football team, coaches, fans, pilots & crew. This boulevard, named in honor of . . . Map (db m73729) HM
88West Virginia (Cabell County), Huntington — Marshall University
Named for John Marshall, Chief Justice U.S. Supreme Court, 1801–1835. Founded as Marshall Academy, 1837, and chartered as Marshall College, 1858. Established as a state-supported institution, 1867. Granted university status, 1961.Map (db m125985) HM
89West Virginia (Cabell County), Huntington — Marshall University
Named for John Marshall, Chief Justice U.S. Supreme Court, 1801–1835. Founded as Marshall Academy, 1837, and chartered as Marshall College, 1858. Established as a state-supported institution, 1867. Granted university status, 1961.Map (db m178150) HM
90West Virginia (Cabell County), Huntington — One Room School Museum
Union School, nicknamed "Punkin Center School," was located on Guyan Creek Road near Glenwood, Cabell County. Served grades 1 thru 8 from 1899 to 1955. Schoolhouse donated by Mrs. Bill (Tina) Bryan; relocation and renovation funded by Phil Cline. On . . . Map (db m23026) HM
91West Virginia (Cabell County), Huntington — Raid on Guyandotte / Burning of Guyandotte
On the night of November 10, 1861, Confederate cavalry led by Colonels John Clarkson and Albert Jenkins raided the town of Guyandotte and surprised Union recruits of the 9th WV Infantry. Following a heated battle, Confederate soldiers . . . Map (db m125979) HM
92West Virginia (Cabell County), Huntington — War Between the States Generals / Spring Hill Cemetery
War Between the States Generals Two of seven War Between the States generals buried in W. Va. interred here: Albert Gallatin Jenkins, C.S.A., in Confederate plot; John Hunt Oley, Union, and over 200 soldiers. Confederate Monument dedicated in . . . Map (db m73730) HM
93West Virginia (Cabell County), Huntington — West Virginia Colored Children's Home
Rev. Charles McGee chartered WV Normal Industrial School for Colored Orphans, 1899. Opened, Central City, 1900, moved to 190-acre farm near Huntington & Guyandotte R. Served African-American orphans and indigent. Bought, 1911, operated until 1956 . . . Map (db m73742) HM
94West Virginia (Cabell County), Milton — Harshbarger Corner
Survey of Milton began here in 1872 and post office was established in 1873. Founder, David Harshbarger, later lived on this lot. Named for Milton Reece, first postmaster and large landholder in vicinity. Town incorporated in 1876 with Captain J.R. . . . Map (db m73674) HM
95West Virginia (Cabell County), Milton — Mud River Covered Bridge
Erected in 1875 by order of the Cabell Co. Court. The contract was awarded to R.H. Baker, the local postmaster. This design was developed by bridge engineer William Howe in 1840. Length is 112 feet.Map (db m73675) HM
96West Virginia (Cabell County), Milton — Union Baptist Church
Church completed, 1849. Occupied during the War Between the States by a Federal garrison to protect the one-lane covered bridge, which was a vital link in the James River and Kanawha Turnpike. The soldiers left the Church in shambles. It has been . . . Map (db m178194) HM
97West Virginia (Cabell County), Ona — The Bryan Family
North of here (1826-28) lived John and Nancy Bryan, grandparents of William Jennings Bryan, the Great Commoner. They moved to Gallipolis Ferry where they died; John, 1834; Nancy in 1832. Buried nearby in the Yatesmont Cemetery.Map (db m125870) HM
98West Virginia (Cabell County), Salt Rock — Salt Rock
First White settlers came here from Giles County, Virginia, in pursuit of an Indian raiding party that had taken their horses. Permanent settlement established by 1800. McComas and Hatfield families were among first settlers. Thomas Ward produced . . . Map (db m178251) HM
99West Virginia (Calhoun County), Arnoldsburg — Arnoldsburg Skirmish
Site of Camp McDonald, set up, 1862, occupied by the 11th W. Va. Inf., U.S.V. Scene of engagement, May 6, 1862, when Federals under Maj. George C. Trimble beat off an attack by Confederate Moccasin Rangers under Capt. Geo. Downs.Map (db m14153) HM
100West Virginia (Calhoun County), Arnoldsburg — Gilmer County / Calhoun County
Gilmer CountyFormed, 1845, from Kanawha and Lewis. Named for Thomas Walker Gilmer, Secretary of the Navy in President Tyler's Cabinet, who was killed by the explosion of a gun on board the United States battleship, Princeton, February 28, 1844. . . . Map (db m73437) HM

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Aug. 18, 2022