Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
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National Historic Landmarks Historical Markers

Nationally significant historic places designated by the Secretary of the Interior because they possess exceptional value or quality in illustrating or interpreting the heritage of the United States. Today, fewer than 2,500 historic places bear this national distinction.
 
Bottle Creek Site Marker in front of Baldwin County Courthouse. image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, January 14, 2017
Bottle Creek Site Marker in front of Baldwin County Courthouse.
1Alabama (Baldwin County), Bay Minette — Bottle Creek Site
Bottle Creek Site has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses National Significance in Commemorating the History of the United States of America . . . Map (db m100849) HM
2Alabama (Colbert County), Cherokee — Barton Hall
. . . Map (db m192085) HM
3Alabama (Colbert County), Tuscumbia — Ivy GreenBirthplace of Helen Keller
The Family Home of Captain Arthur M. & Kate Adams Keller was built 1820, being the second house erected in Tuscumbia. Here on June 27, 1880 was born America's First Lady of Courage Helen Adams KellerMap (db m29089) HM
4Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Brown Chapel A.M.E. Church — Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail —
Brown A.M.E. Chapel (in front of you) served as a safe haven for supporters during the voting rights campaign. Pastor P.H. Lewis and his congregation courageously broke the injunction prohibiting African Americans from holding mass meetings, making . . . Map (db m131995) HM
5Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Edmund Pettus BridgeNational Historic Landmark
Edmund Pettus Bridge has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance for its association with "Bloody Sunday," a seminal event in the Civil Rights Movement. Here, on March 7, 1965, . . . Map (db m82037) HM
6Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — I Had A DreamDr. Martin L. King Jr.
The demonstration that led to the most important advance in civil rights for millions of Black Americans began here March 21, 1965. It was the 50-mile march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, the State Capital. Defying threats of death, Dr. . . . Map (db m83578) HM
7Alabama (Elmore County), Wetumpka — Here Stood Fort Toulouse
Here stood Fort Toulouse A defense against the Indians Built by Bienville 1714 The Alabama Society of Colonial Dames preserves the memory of faithful service 1912Map (db m69567) HM
8Alabama (Hale County), Moundville — Moundville
Site of a prehistoric Native American political and ceremonial center from about A. D. 1100-1500 that, at its height in the 13th century, was America’s largest community north of Mexico. Between 1,000 and 3,000 people lived in this town fortified . . . Map (db m30700) HM
9Alabama (Hale County), Moundville — Moundville Archaeological ParkAlabama Indigenous Mound Trail
I do not think in the Southern States there is a group of Mounds to compare to Moundville, in the arrangement and state of preservation of the mounds. - Clarence B. Moore, amateur archaeologist, 1910 Spanning more than . . . Map (db m144745) HM
10Alabama (Hale County), Prairieville — St. Andrew’s Church(Episcopal) — Prairieville —
1834 - Organized as mission by Rev. Caleb S. Ives for settlers coming here to the Canebrake from Atlantic Seaboard 1844 - made parish of Diocese of Alabama 1851 - this site selected 1853-54 - this building erectedMap (db m38188) HM
11Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth Bethel Baptist Church
Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth's tenure as pastor of Bethel Baptist Church (1953-1961) was marked by demonstrations, bombings and passionate sermons critical of segregation laws. His activism earned him a house bombing, frequent beatings, arrests, and . . . Map (db m83836) HM
12Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Sixteenth Street Baptist Church
Sixteenth Street Baptist Church has been designated a National Historic Landmark This property possesses National Significance in commemorating the history of the United States. In 1963 it was the staging ground for the . . . Map (db m63733) HM
13Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Sloss Furnaces
The crossing of railroads in 1872 adjacent to this site gave rise to the industrial city of Birmingham. In 1881 Alabama railroad magnate and entrepreneur James Withers Sloss, capitalizing on the unusual coincidence of coal, iron ore and limestone in . . . Map (db m23498) HM
14Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — The Blowing Engine RoomSloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark
The blast furnace required a tremendous amount of air - about two tons for every ton of iron produced. These three rooms, known collectively as the blower building, house the equipment used to pump air to the furnaces. Workers called this blast of . . . Map (db m43628) HM
15Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — The Gas SystemSloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark
The Gas System Gas produced in the furnace as a by-product of the ironmaking process was used in the plant as fuel. A large pipe called the downcomer carried gas from the top of the furnace to the gas cleaning equipment, which removed the . . . Map (db m43669) HM
16Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Wilson Dam
Construction of Wilson Dam began in 1918 and was completed in 1924. The Dam is 137 feet high and stretches 4,541 feet across the Tennessee River. Wilson Dam is a hydroelectric facility. It has 21 generating units with a net dependable capacity . . . Map (db m73997) HM
17Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Saturn V
Used during the Apollo Lunar Landing Program of the 1960's and 1970's, the Saturn V rocket remains the largest, most powerful rocket ever built. This full scale mock up was completed in July 1999 to serve as the focal point for the 30th . . . Map (db m85601) HM
18Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — The Church Of The Nativity, Episcopal
The Church of the Nativity congregation was organized December 17, 1842 - the name chosen because of the approaching Christmas season. The Convention of the Diocese of Alabama, Protestant Episcopal Church, approved the congregation on February 16, . . . Map (db m27858) HM
19Alabama (Marengo County), Demopolis — Gaineswood
Built 1842-1860 by Gen. Nathan Bryan Whitfield 1799-1868 accomplished planter of the Canebrake using imported materials and artisans Glorifying the Greek Revival Architecture by combining Doric exterior Corinthian grand ballroom Ionic parlor . . . Map (db m38068) HM
20Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Government Street Presbyterian Church
Founded, with 21 members, in 1831, by Rev. John B. Warren. This sanctuary erected 1834. Designated by the U.S. Dept. of the Interior as one of America's historic buildings. Presbyterian mother church for Southern Alabama.Map (db m116964) HM
21Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — United States Ship Alabama (BB-60) — Battleship Memorial Park —
Named for the State of Alabama. 6th naval fighting ship to bear the name. Built by the Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, Virginia. Authorized by Congress 27 March 1934. Keel laid 1 February 1940 – Launched 16 February 1942. Sponsored by . . . Map (db m74366) HM WM
22Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Alabama State Capitol
Has been desiginated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the United . . . Map (db m74156) HM
23Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Alabama's First Capitals / The Alabama State Capitol
Alabama's First Capitals On March 3, 1817, Congress designated the town of St. Stephens on the Tombigbee River north of Mobile as capital of the newly formed Alabama Territory. There in 1818, the territorial legislature named Huntsville as the . . . Map (db m86063) HM
24Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Dexter Avenue King Memorial Baptist ChurchOrganized 1877
The second black Baptist Church in Montgomery. First pastor was Rev. C. O. Boothe. Present structure built 1885. Designed by Pelham J. Anderson; built by William Watkins, a member of the congregation. Many prominent black citizens of Montgomery . . . Map (db m25128) HM
25Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — The Frank M. Johnson, Jr. Federal Building and US Courthouse
Side 1 Named in honor of Judge Frank M. Johnson, Jr. (1918-1999), who served here as U.S. District Judge from 1955-1979, as U.S. Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit July 12, 1979 - October 1, 1981, and . . . Map (db m71266) HM
26Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Train Shed 1897National Historic Landmark
. . . Map (db m94031) HM
27Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — Fort Mitchell<----- 5 miles -----
Built during Creek War 1813 by Georgia Militia on main Indian trade route to Tombigbee River U.S. Troops stationed here until 1837 1836 Lower Creeks corralled here for forced removal to the WestMap (db m26069) HM
28Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — Site Of The Stand In The Schoolhouse Door / Foster Auditorium, 1939
Foster Auditorium is the site of the June 11, 1963, “stand in the schoolhouse door” by Governor George C. Wallace in defiance of a court order requiring The University of Alabama to admit African-American students Vivian Malone and James . . . Map (db m37917) HM
29Alaska (Sitka Borough), Sitka — Alaska Native Brotherhood HallHas Been Designated a National Historic Landmark
This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America. The hall is the place of importance in the native community. The original chapter of Alaska Native Brotherhood built this hall in 1914 to serve . . . Map (db m133827) HM
30Alaska (Sitka Borough), Sitka — American Flag Raising Site
has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the United . . . Map (db m181330) HM
31Alaska (Sitka Borough), Sitka — Russian Mission Orphanage
has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the United . . . Map (db m181596) HM
32Alaska (Sitka Borough), Sitka — St. Michael's Cathedral
. . . Map (db m133922) HM
33Alaska (Sitka Borough), Sitka — St. Michael's Russian Orthodox Cathedral
Saint Michael's Cathedral, a National Historic Landmark, is the central point of interest in historic downtown Sitka and is recognizable statewide as the most prominent symbol of the Russian colonial presence in Alaska. It was the main edifice of a . . . Map (db m181574) HM
34Alaska (Sitka Borough), Sitka — Tilson Building
This large frame house was constructed as a Russian residence about 1835. Although there has been some modification the building is thought to be the finest remaining example of Russian secular architecture in Alaska.Map (db m133829) HM
35Alaska, Skagway — Skagway and White Pass
. . . Map (db m72791) HM
36American Samoa (Maʻopūtasi County), Utulei — Blunts Point Naval Gun Site
. . . Map (db m184698) HM
37Arizona (Cochise County), Bisbee — Phelps Dodge General Office Building
This building was the general office for the Bisbee operations of Phelps Dodge Corporation from 1895 to 1961. In 1971 it was given to the City of Bisbee by Phelps Dodge and was designated as a National Historic Site by the National Park . . . Map (db m28275) HM
38Arizona (Cochise County), Douglas — San Bernardino Ranch
Has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses National significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America 1964Map (db m28301) HM
39Arizona (Cochise County), Hereford — Lehner Mammoth Kill Site
At this location in 1952, a large bone bed was discovered containing the remains of extinct mammoth, tapir, bison and horse. Found with the bones were the weapons and tools of the Indians who had killed and butchered these animals. The bones and . . . Map (db m43633) HM
40Arizona (Cochise County), Huachuca City — Fort Huachuca(1877)
Situated on the southern route to the Pacific Ocean, it brought law and order to the Arizona Territory, protecting settlers, miners, travelers and immigrants. Its troops won the surrender of Geronimo. Generals Pershing and Wood served here. As . . . Map (db m27897) HM
41Arizona (Cochise County), Sierra Vista — Fort Huachuca
Est. 1877 National Historic LandmarkMap (db m28232) HM
42Arizona (Cochise County), Tombstone — Tombstone City HallOpened in 1882
Architect Frank Walker designed this building in Victorian style adapted to Western Territorial. It is constructed of fired red brick. It has been in continuous service since 1882 for Mayors, Marshals and official city offices. In the 1880s it . . . Map (db m27918) HM
43Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — Lowell ObservatoryNational Historic Landmark
Lowell Observatory has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating or illustrating the History of The . . . Map (db m149455) HM
44Arizona (Coconino County), Grand Canyon National Park — 1956 Grand Canyon TWA-United Airlines Aviation Accident Site
1956 Grand Canyon TWA-United Airlines Aviation Accident Site has been designated a National Historic Landmark This tragic accident site represents a watershed moment in the modernization of America's airways leading to the . . . Map (db m81861) HM
45Arizona (Coconino County), Grand Canyon National Park — Hopi HouseMary Elizabeth Jane Colter
Hopi House opened on January 1, 1905, the first Grand Canyon work of architect Mary Colter. To complement El Tovar, their new hotel, the Fred Harvey Company commissioned Colter to design a building to display and sell Indian arts and crafts. Colter . . . Map (db m39478) HM
46Arizona (Coconino County), Grand Canyon National Park — Lookout Studio
The Fred Harvey Company built Lookout Studio in 1914, in part to compete with the Kolb Brothers Studio located slightly west along the rim. Called "The Lookout," Fred Harvey's studio offered telescopic views, photographs, and books about the . . . Map (db m39544) HM
47Arizona (Coconino County), Grand Canyon National Park — Santa Fe Depot
"Won't you be one of the 25,000 visitors at the Grand Canyon of Arizona this summer? It is the world's scenic wonder - nothing like it." Santa Fe Railroad brochure, 1914. The Santa Fe train whistle that was heard here on September 17, . . . Map (db m39569) HM
48Arizona (Coconino County), Grand Canyon National Park — The WatchtowerMary Elizabeth Jane Colter
Build a structure that provides the widest possible view of Grand Canyon yet harmonizes with its setting: this was architect Mary Colter's goal when the Fred Harvey Company hired her in 1930 to design a gift shop and rest area here at Desert View. . . . Map (db m39616) HM
49Arizona (Coconino County), Grand Canyon Village — El Tovar
. . . Map (db m195833) HM
50Arizona (Coconino County), Grand Canyon Village — Hermit's Rest
. . . Map (db m195835) HM
51Arizona (Coconino County), Grand Canyon Village — Rest House
Your visit and rest here is part of a long tradition started in 1914 with the opening of Hermits Rest. After an 8-mile (13 km) buggy ride, you would be greeted by the resident caretaker and offered a refreshing drink to clear the dust from your . . . Map (db m108881) HM
52Arizona (Maricopa County), Scottsdale — Taliesin WestUNESCO World Heritage Site
Taliesin West, as part of the 20th-Century Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright, has been inscribed on the World Heritage List. Inscription confirms that this property deserves protection for the benefit of all humanity because of its . . . Map (db m188806) HM
53Arizona (Navajo County), Fort Apache — Theodore Roosevelt School (118)
On January 24, 1923 an act was passed by Congress authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to establish and maintain an Indian boarding school on the site of Fort Apache. The first students were Dine' (Navajo) children brought from the Navajo . . . Map (db m36876) HM
54Arizona (Navajo County), Holbrook — Painted Desert Inn
. . . Map (db m68772) HM
55Arizona (Navajo County), Whiteriver — Kinishba Ruins
Has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America 1964Map (db m36885) HM
56Arizona (Navajo County), Winslow — Barringer Meteor Crater
Has Been Designated A Registered Natural Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional values in illustrating the natural history of the United States. U.S. . . . Map (db m189945) HM
57Arizona (Pima County), Green Valley — Titan II Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Museum
Tucson Air Museum Foundation of Pima County Titan II Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Museum Established May 8, 1986 571st SMS, 390th SMW Davis-Monthan AFB Strategic Alert July 1963 – November 1982 National . . . Map (db m26926) HM
58Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Desert Laboratory
. . . Map (db m63672) HM
59Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Mission San Xavier del Bac
Mission San Xavier del Bac was founded by the Jesuit missionary, Fr. Eusebio Kino in 1692. The present church was built under the direction of the Franciscans. Construction began in 1783 and was completed in 1797. The church continues to . . . Map (db m83206) HM
60Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Pima County CourthouseHistoric Site
The first Pima County Courthouse, a single-story adobe structure built in 1868, was replaced in 1881 by a large two-story stone and red brick victorian building which, in turn, was removed in 1928 to make way for the present structure. This . . . Map (db m55222) HM
61Arizona (Santa Cruz County), Tumacacori — Mission San José de Tumacácori
Beginning and History In January of 1691, at the request of the O'odham (Pima) Indians of the Santa Cruz River Valley, Jesuit Father Eusebio Francisco Kino established the mission of Tumacácori, dedicated to Saint Cajetan (San Cayetano). . . . Map (db m68149) HM
62Arizona (Yavapai County), Jerome — Jerome, ArizonaToo Strong to Die
The first mining claims were filed in 1876, within 20 years Jerome was a billion dollar copper mecca and one of the wildest, wickedest mining towns in the west. Drinking, gambling, brawls and frolicking with ladies of the night occurred . . . Map (db m33149) HM
63Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — Yuma Crossing
From 1850 to 1877 all travelers crossing the Colorado River used the ferry. Several operated between the mouth of the Gila River and Pilot Knob. Steamboats arrived on the river in 1850 and the first railroad bridge was built in 1877.Map (db m29015) HM
64Arizona (Yuma County), Yuma — Yuma Crossing Park
Yuma Crossing, used since prehistoric times, played a significant part in the development of the West and continues to influence the affairs of the state and the nation. The Yuma City-County Bicentennial Commission in the spring of 1974 conceived . . . Map (db m28984) HM
65Arkansas (Desha County), Rohwer — Rohwer Relocation Center Memorial Cemetery
Plaque Rohwer Relocation Center Memorial Cemetery Has Been Designated A National Historic Landmark This Site Possesses National Significance In Commemorating The History Of The United States of America 1992 . . . Map (db m167617) HM
66Arkansas (Monroe County), Holly Grove — Beginning Point of the Louisiana Purchase Survey
This stone marks the base established Nov. 10, 1815 from which the lands of the Louisiana Purchase were surveyed by the United States Engineers. The first survey from this point was made to satisfy the claims of the soldiers of the War of 1812 . . . Map (db m6037) HM
67Arkansas (Monroe County), Holly Grove — Louisiana Purchase State Park — Louisiana Purchase Historic State Park —
This park preserves and protects two of Arkansas's greatest heritages: The "initial point" of the 1815 Louisiana Territory land survey and one of the state's few "headwater" swamps. The elevated boardwalk allows for safe viewing of the park's . . . Map (db m155180) HM
68Arkansas (Monroe County), Holly Grove — The Opening of the American West — Louisiana Purchase Historic State Park —
This point was established by survey on November 10, 1815 by U.S. Government survey teams led by Prospect Robbins and Joseph Brown. Recognizing the national significance of this Initial Point, the L'Anguille Chapter of the DAR sought placement of a . . . Map (db m155200) HM
69Arkansas (Monroe County), Holly Grove — Two Lines Mark the Future of the United States — Louisiana Purchase Historic State Park —
The stone marker behind you marks the 'Initial Point' for the survey of the Louisiana Purchase Territory. The east-west Baseline and the north-south line, the Fifth Principal Meridian, are fundamental in land transactions throughout the western . . . Map (db m155199) HM
70Arkansas (Ouachita County), Chidester — Confederate and Federal Forces Engage — Panel 3 —
At about 9:30 a.m. Federal patrols made contact with Confederate scouts near Poison Spring. Colonel Williams parked his wagons two and three abreast, as close together as possible. He ordered the First Kansas to the front forming a line, and . . . Map (db m201023) HM
71Arkansas (Ouachita County), Chidester — Federal Forage Party Departs Camden April 17, 1864 — Panel 2 —
Critical Shortage of Food and Forage... More than three weeks of marching and fighting depleted Steele's sup- plies. His troops had been on half rations for more than two weeks and unauthorized foraging was widespread. The capture of . . . Map (db m201020) HM
72Arkansas (Ouachita County), Chidester — Forage Party Routed! — Panel 4 —
Williams, despite being outnumbered, defended the train as long as possible, hoping for reinforcements from Camden. After a short and hotly contested engagement at close range, the black troops broke ranks, retreating in chaos. The Confederates . . . Map (db m201024) HM
73Arkansas (Ouachita County), Chidester — The Civil War Battle of Poison Spring - April 18, 1864Turning Point of the Red River Campaign in Arkansas — Panel 1 —
The Federal government's unsuccessful Red River Expedition in April, 1864 was the last major invasion of Confederate territory west of the Mississippi River. Its aim was to capture Shreveport, Louisiana, open Texas to Federal occupation and acquire . . . Map (db m201019) HM
74California (Alameda County), Alameda — 1029 — The Jimmy Doolittle Pier – Alameda Naval Air StationPier No. 3 — USS Hornet —
On April 1, 1942, sixteen B-25 bombers were hoisted to the flight deck of the carrier Hornet and parked there, while moored at Pier No. 3 at U.S. Naval Station in Alameda. The B-25 detachment consisted of seventy officers and one hundred thirty . . . Map (db m29431) HM
75California (Alameda County), Berkeley — First Church of Christ, ScientistBernard Maybeck, Architect, 1910
Roof replacement, accessibility, and seismic improvements: Architectural Resources Group and Degenkolb Engineers, 2007 City of Berkeley Landmark designated 1975 Maybeck’s masterpiece is an Arts & Craft fusion of Romanesque, early Christian . . . Map (db m55032) HM
76California (El Dorado County), Coloma — ColomaAn Artists View
”The principle street of Coloma was alive with crowds of moving men, passing and repassing, laughing, talking, and all appearing in the best of humor. It was a scene that no other country could ever imitate.” from “A . . . Map (db m12274) HM
77California (Humboldt County), Eureka — Indian/Gunther Island Site 67 (Tolowot)
National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commerating the history of the United States of America. 1964 National Park Service United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m32570) HM
78California (Inyo County), Independence — 850 — Manzanar
In the early part of the World War II, 110,000 persons of Japanese ancestry were interned in relocation centers by Executive Order No. 9066, issued on February 19, 1942. Manzanar, the first of ten such concentration camps, was bounded by . . . Map (db m122703) HM WM
79California (Inyo County), Ridgecrest — Coso Rock Art DistrictBig and Little Petroglyph Canyon — National Historic Landmark —
This District possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States Of America. The Coso Rock Art District contains the largest concentration of unaltered prehistoric petroglyphs and associated sites in North . . . Map (db m196327) HM
80California (Kern County), Delano — The Forty Acres
The Forty Acres has been designated a National Historic Landmark. This property possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America. Forty Acres embodies and conveys multiple layers of national . . . Map (db m54836) HM
81California (Kern County), Onyx — 99 — Walker's Pass
Discovered by Joseph R. Walker, American trail-blazer who left the San Joaquin Valley through this pass in 1834. This area was traversed by topographer Edward M. Kern, after whom the Kern River was named, while accompanying the Fremont expedition of . . . Map (db m159834) HM
82California (Los Angeles County), Echo Park — 836 — Aimee Semple McPhersonThe Lotus of Echo Park Lake
Aimee Semple McPherson (1890-1944) founded the international Church of the Foursquare Gospel and was a well-known figure in Los Angeles. After her founding of the Angelus Temple in 1923, the population of the Echo Park neighborhood greatly . . . Map (db m122445) HM
83California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — 6 — Bradbury Building
Mining Tycoon L. Bradbury Makes His Mark His name endures in the eponymous town of wealth and horseflesh set against the San Gabriel Mountains, but mining tycoon Louis Bradbury made his loveliest mark on Southern California with the . . . Map (db m167742) HM
84California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — 12 — Hollyhock HouseUNESCO World Heritage Site
Hollyhock House, as part of the 20th-Century Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright, has been inscribed on the World Heritage List. Inscription on this List confirms that this property deserves protection for the benefit of all humanity because . . . Map (db m154492) HM
85California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — 960 — Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
This stadium was originally completed in 1923. It was partially redesigned and enlarged for the 1932 Olympic Games. Both designs were by architects John & Donald B. Parkinson. The Coliseum has witnessed many important sports, political, and . . . Map (db m116751) HM
86California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Neutra Studio and Residences
Neutra Studio and Residences has been designated a National Historic Landmark. This property possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America. The Neutra VDL Demonstration Studio and Residences are . . . Map (db m120934) HM
87California (Los Angeles County), Pasadena — 1942 Rose Bowl
The 1942 Rose Bowl was the 28th Rose Bowl Game. Originally scheduled to be played in the Rose Bowl Stadium in Pasadena, California, it was moved to Durham, North Carolina, due to the fears of an attack on the West Coast of the United States . . . Map (db m128107) HM
88California (Los Angeles County), Pasadena — Hale Solar Laboratory
Hale Solar Laboratory has been designated a National Historic Landmark. This property possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America.Map (db m152145) HM
89California (Los Angeles County), Pasadena — 871 — The Gamble House
Built in 1908, the David B. Gamble House is a tribute to the genius of architects Charles Sumner Greene and Henry Mather Greene. Its design represents a unique California lifestyle and is a masterpiece of American craftsmanship. In 1966 it was made . . . Map (db m59811) HM
90California (Los Angeles County), San Pedro — S.S. Lane Victory — Port of Los Angeles —
Panel 1: 1945: March: Lane Victory is named for the former slave, Isaac Lane, founder of Lane College, in Jackson, Tennessee. The Victory Ship was one of a class of cargo ships designed and built during World War II by the . . . Map (db m131429) HM
91California (Los Angeles County), Stevenson Ranch — 516 — First Commercial Oil Well In CaliforniaPico #4
On this site stands CSO-4 (Pico #4), California's first commerically productive well. It was spudded in early 1876, under the direction of Demetrius G. Scofield, later to become first president of Standard Oil Company of California, and was . . . Map (db m157684) HM
92California (Los Angeles County), Watts — 993 — Watts TowersNational Historic Landmark — Watts Towers of Simon Rodia State Historic Park —
Panel 1: Watts Towers California Historical Landmark No. 993 Panel 2: Unconventional Life, Unconventional Art Simon Rodia has been referred to as a visionary and a man of great passion. A self-taught laborer from . . . Map (db m51953) HM
93California (Marin County), Point Reyes — Drakes Bay
Drakes Bay Historic and Archaeological District has been designated a National Historic Landmark. This landmark is associated with the 1579 landing of Francis Drake, the 1595 landing of Sebastián Rodríguez Cermeño and the wreck of the San . . . Map (db m184869) HM
94California (Marin County), San Rafael — 999 — Marin County Civic Center
The Civic Center Complex was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright (1869-1959) near the end of his long career. The Administration Building was completed in 1962 and the Hall of Justice in 1970. They are the only government buildings designed by the . . . Map (db m32748) HM
95California (Mariposa County), Wawona — Wawona Hotel
After several pioneer lodging structures were destroyed by fire, Henry Washburn and John Bruce had this building, opened in April, 1879, erected. Bruce died in it in 1882, but Henry, John, Edward, and later Clarence Washburn owned and operated it . . . Map (db m70572) HM
96California (Mariposa County), Yosemite National Park — A Home for Rangers
Stephen T. Mather, the first director of the National Park Service, employed park rangers to guide tourists and protect parks from poachers. In 1920, Mather hired architect Charles Summer to construct a home for members of his newly organized ranger . . . Map (db m65629) HM
97California (Mariposa County), Yosemite National Park — LeConte Memorial LodgeSierra Club — Founded 1892 —
LeConte Memorial Lodge was built by the Sierra Club in 1803/04 in honor of the world-renowned scientist and charter Sierra Club member Joseph LeConte who died near here in 1901. The memorial served as Yosemite Valley's first public information . . . Map (db m65529) HM
98California (Mariposa County), Yosemite National Park — The Grand Lodge
The first director of the National Park Service, Stephen T. Mather, was as at home in the High Sierra as he was in high society. To ensure Yosemite’s protection for future generations, he knew that influential people would have to care about the . . . Map (db m65504) HM
99California (Modoc County), Newell — 850-2 — Tule LakeMay 1942 - March 1946
Tule Lake was one of ten American concentration camps established during World War II to incarcerate 110,000 persons of Japanese ancestry, of whom the majority were American citizens. Behind barbed wire and guard towers without charge, trial or . . . Map (db m10370) HM
100California (Mono County), Bodie — 341 — Bodie
Gold was discovered here in 1859 by W.S. Bodey after whom the town was named. Once the most thriving metropolis of the Mono Country, Bodie’s mines produced gold valued at more than 100 million dollars. Tough as nails, the “Bad Man from . . . Map (db m8437) HM

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Aug. 18, 2022