“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Architecture Topic

Armstrong County Jail image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, July 22, 2016
Armstrong County Jail
1Texas (Armstrong County), Claude — 203 — Armstrong County Jail
Erected in 1953, this building is constructed of stone used to build the first masonry jail in Armstrong County, 1894. Stone for the structure (which replaced a primitive, frame "calaboose") was quarried 14 miles south at Dripping Springs in Palo . . . Map (db m96830) HM
2Texas (Austin County), Bellville — 6349 — E.O. Finn Building
Situated on land originally granted by the Mexican Government to Austin County pioneer John Nichols. This Vernacular Italianate commercial building was constructed in 1896 by E. Oscar Finn and John Thomas Colleton. E. O. Finn (1866-1945) a native . . . Map (db m157539) HM
3Texas (Austin County), Bellville — 17495 — Joachim H. Hintz
Johann Joachim Henrich Frederick (J. H.) Hintz (1841-1920), a native of Ziesendorf, Mecklenburg, Germany, immigrated to the U.S. with his family in 1855. The Hintzes settled in the Millheim area, and Joachim joined the Cat Spring Agricultural . . . Map (db m157511) HM
4Texas (Austin County), Bellville — 3179 — L.A. and Adelheid Machemehl House
A significant example of the Craftsman bungalow designed by prominent Houston architect Alfred C. Finn, this house is unusual for its one-and-one-half story form. The residence displays hallmark geometric ornamentation broad porches, and a small . . . Map (db m157524) HM
5Texas (Austin County), Bellville — 2378 — The Harigel House
The son of a Prussian immigrant, Emil H. Harigel, Sr. (1859-1904) opened a hardware, tinware, and stove emporium in Bellville in 1881. Soon after, he constructed this residence for his wife, Nannie Louise (Lovette), and children. The home features . . . Map (db m157601) HM
6Texas (Austin County), Industry — 16481 — Lindemann - Ott House
This house dates to 1870, when Jacob Ott (1848-1932) began construction on a home with his carpenter neighbor, August Gruensendorf. The bottom story of the two-level structure was used for his baking business and the upper story was Ott's . . . Map (db m176213) HM
7Texas (Austin County), Sealy — 17788 — Hackbarth Building
German natives F.W. (Fritz) and Carolyn (Krampitz) Hackbarth arrived in Galveston in 1846 with their two sons. They settled in Austin County, where Fritz farmed and ranched, and the couple had four more children, including F.W. Hackbarth, Jr. . . . Map (db m162567) HM
8Texas (Austin County), Sealy — 11701 — Haynes-Felcman House
This house was built in 1901-1902 for H. Schumacher. It was purchased in 1906 by Richard H. Haynes (1875-1942) who, with his father, founded the Haynes (Sealy) Mattress Company in 1909. Local confectionery store owner F.J. Felcman bought the . . . Map (db m162558) HM
9Texas (Austin County), Sealy — 2326 — Paul and Mahala Hackbarth House
Completed in 1911 for civic leaders Paul and Mahala Hackbarth, this concrete block house is an unusual example of vernacular architecture. Prominent features include a wraparound porch, Ionic columns on piers, and large wood sash windows. The . . . Map (db m162563) HM
10Texas (Austin County), Sealy — 12526 — Preibisch Building
German immigrant Adolph H. Preibisch and his wife, Emilie, came to Austin County in 1860. After the town of Sealy developed along the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railroad, the Preibisches bought property in the new railroad town. In 1885, Adolph . . . Map (db m162569) HM
11Texas (Bandera County), Bandera — 18353 — Pilots' Lounge at Bandera Airpark
Colonel John Henry "Jack" Lapham (1885-1956) was a son of a co-founder of the Texas Company (later Texaco). He was living in San Antonio by 1920 and had many business interests, Jack, his wife, Julie Edna (Capen), and their four children all had . . . Map (db m163481) HM
12Texas (Bandera County), Bandera — 4061 — Schmidtke-Callahan House
This home was constructed in the 1870s by Georgia stonemason James Henry White for Charles F. Schmidtke (1839-1884). A native of Germany, Schmidtke was an early Bandera merchant, grist miller, and lumber mill operator. White's grandson J. Calvin . . . Map (db m163287) HM
13Texas (Bastrop County), Bastrop — 16996 — H. P. Luckett House
In 1892 the city sold the old Bastrop Academy lot to Dr. Humphrey Powell Luckett (1847-1925) and his wife, Frances "Fannie" (Haynie) (1849-1930). The couple married and moved to Bastrop in 1869, raising five sons. By late 1893, their home designed . . . Map (db m65121) HM
14Texas (Bastrop County), Smithville — 9170 — Chancellor House
Prominent area land developer and merchant J. H. Chancellor (1876-1938) built this residence about 1909. The house was located in the center of Smithville's business district, near the railroad depot and several hotels. It exhibits Classical Revival . . . Map (db m160318) HM
15Texas (Bastrop County), Smithville — 9187 — First Methodist Church of Smithville
Organized in 1888 by the Rev. H. M. Haynie and eight charter members, the Methodist congregation in Smithville met in the local school until a frame sanctuary was completed in 1893. A new brick structure was built in 1912-13. Following damage in a . . . Map (db m160314) HM
16Texas (Bastrop County), Smithville — 12765 — Rabb House
Virgil Sullivan Rabb, Jr. (1870-1943), came to Smithville in 1891 with his family when his father bought the Calcasieu Lumber Company. The Rabb family had been in this area since receiving land grants in Fayette County in 1823. Rabb ran the lumber . . . Map (db m160321) HM
17Texas (Bell County), Belton — 733 — The Carnegie Library Building
Completed in 1904, this brick library building was funded by a personal contribution from the noted New York industrialist and benefactor Andrew S. Carnegie. Ben D. Lee, builder of the Bell County Courthouse, served as contractor. Designed by the . . . Map (db m152196) HM
18Texas (Bell County), Salado — 279 — George Washington Baines House
Built in the 1860s, this house was the residence of the Rev. George Washington Baines (1809-83) from 1870 to 1883. A pioneer Baptist preacher, missionary, editor, and educator, the Rev. Baines was the great-grandfather of United States President . . . Map (db m29313) HM
19Texas (Bell County), Salado — 4305 — Robertson Home
Built by Col. E.S.C. Robertson and wife, Mary Elizabeth (Dickey). Rare ante-bellum plantation complex, comprising home, servant quarters, land, family cemetery, stables. Still a working ranch. The house, occupied by fifth generation of . . . Map (db m29310) HM
20Texas (Bexar County), Helotes — 16488 — Marnoch Homestead
Scottish surgeon Dr. George Frederick Marnoch (1802-1870) purchased more than 1500 acres at this site in the fall of 1858. In January 1859, Marnoch commissioned famed San Antonio architect and builder John M. Fries to construct this house near . . . Map (db m163145) HM
21Texas (Bexar County), Helotes — 17310 — R.L. White Ranch
Ryall Luther White (1878-1962) was born in Jasper, Texas to John Luther Calvin White and Texanna Priscilla Ryall White. He married his wife, Ethel Gertrude Smyth, in 1907 and began working for his father-in-law as the manager of the Uvalde Rock . . . Map (db m163142) HM
22Texas (Bexar County), Randolph Air Force Base — Building 100"The Taj Mahal"
In 1928 the San Antonio Airport Company purchased 2300 acres of land near the city and donated it to the United States Army Air Corps for development of a consolidated flight training facility. Called “The West Point of the Air”, . . . Map (db m31480) HM
23Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 18172 — Alfred Giles House
Alfred Giles is remembered as a major architect who designed many edifices throughout Texas in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Born in 1853 in Hillingdon, Middlesex County, England, Giles spent his early days as an architect's . . . Map (db m118800) HM
24Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Bexar County Commissioners CourtBexar County Plaza / Bexar County Courthouse / Lady Justice Fountain
Nelson W. Wolff – County Judge Sergio “Chico” Rodriguez – Commissioner, Pct. 1 Paul Elizondo – Commissioner, Pct. 2 Kevin A. Wolff – Commissioner, Pct. 3 Tommy Adkisson – Commissioner, Pct. . . . Map (db m118105) HM
25Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 13398 — David J. and May Bock Woodward House(The Women's Club of San Antonio Clubhouse)
In 1904 renowned architect Atlee B. Ayres designed this house for the family of May Bock and David J. Woodward, a prominent business man and contractor. May was instrumental in designing the house, working closely with Ayres on the plans. David . . . Map (db m176067) HM
26Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 15407 — Elias and Lucy Edmonds House
Former Confederate officer and Virginia state legislator Elias Edmonds married Lucy Noyes Hall in 1871, and they moved to San Antonio that year. In 1877, they built one of the first houses in the King William neighborhood. Elias was a successful . . . Map (db m118798) HM
27Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 16997 — Gustav Blersch House
This house is one of three standing antebellum structures in the King William Historic District. Gustav Blersch, a German immigrant, importer and retail dealer, built this two-story limestone home in 1860 with designer Gustave Freisleben and . . . Map (db m118909) HM
28Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 17233 — Jay Adams House
Developer Jay E. Adams came to San Antonio from Denver in 1888 to invest in real estate. His main focus was an area north of the city that he named Laurel Heights. To set the standard for construction, he built this three story Queen Anne-style . . . Map (db m176078) HM
29Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — King William Neighborhood
The river followed an irregular course through the town center and irrigated the lower farmlands of Mission San Antonio de Valero (the Alamo) to the south. After the mission was secularized 1793, the surrounding fields were distributed to . . . Map (db m118908) HM
30Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 916 — L.B. Clegg House
A native of North Carolina, Luther Bynum Clegg (1873-1955) founded the San Antonio Printing Company. He commissioned noted architect Harvey Page (1859-1934) to design this house in 1901-02. Page later characterized the residence as one of his most . . . Map (db m176133) HM
31Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 5117 — Old Edward Steves House
Excellent example of lavish Victorian architecture of late 1800s. Built in 1874 by German immigrant Edward Steves, founder of a family prominent in city financial and social circles. Stuccoed limestone exterior walls are 13" thick. The . . . Map (db m118860) HM
32Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 3804 — Old San Antonio National Bank Building
This structure was built to house the San Antonio National Bank, organized by George W. Brackenridge and others in 1866 as the first federally chartered banking institution in the city. Cyrus L.W. Eidlitz, a New York architect, designed the building . . . Map (db m30346) HM
33Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 2972 — Otto Koehler House
Built in 1901 for German immigrant Otto Koehler (1855-1914), this home was among the first in this area. Koehler, President of the Pearl Brewing Company, employed local architect Carl von Seutter to design the home. One of the most spectacular . . . Map (db m176085) HM
34Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 18597 — Petty House
San Antonio in the late 1800s was a city quickly changing from a frontier town to a metropolis, soon to become the largest city in Texas, a claim it held for three decades. Mary Francis Drake (1848-1915) arrived in San Antonio in 1890 with her two . . . Map (db m179629) HM
35Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 4133 — Protestant Home for Destitute Children
Organized in 1886 as the San Antonio Home for Destitute Children, the Protestant Home for Destitute Children moved into this building in December 1890. The orphanage continued in operation at this site until 1926, when it relocated to larger . . . Map (db m176064) HM
36Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 18444 — Roy and Madge Hearne House
The arrival of the railroad in 1877 led to construction of new residential developments, including this neighborhood overlooking town near San Pedro Springs. W. McLeroy "Roy" Hearne (1873-1917), a cotton broker, and his wife, Madge Houston . . . Map (db m176074) HM
37Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 4539 — San Francesco Di Paola Catholic Church
In 1926, at the request of the city's Italian Catholics, Diocesan officials invited the Rev. Saverio Vecchio to preach a mission. As a result, the congregation of San Francesco Di Paola was organized. Designed by Richard Vander Stratten and built . . . Map (db m179440) HM
38Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — The Quarry
This quarry was the source of stone for building Mission Concepción and portions of Mission San José. Indian and Mestizo laborers used picks and axes to cut grooves in the limestone rock, and bars and wedges to pry up the rough blocks. . . . Map (db m164050) HM
39Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Travis Street Crossing
County leaders purchased land on the west bank of the San Antonio River in 1859, intending to build a new courthouse and jail. Their plans changed and the property was sold in 1866 to a miller, Jacob Laux, who dammed the river and built a . . . Map (db m119162) HM
40Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 11752 — Zion Lutheran Church
Erected in 1906, the Zion Lutheran Church was designed and built by church members in the uniquely American Carpenter Gothic tradition. Skilled at the construction of houses and barns, the farmers of Helotes created a church building reminiscent . . . Map (db m166320) HM
41Texas (Blanco County), Johnson City — 2828 — L. B. J. Boyhood Home
Sam Ealy Johnson Jr. (1877-1937) and his wife Rebekah Baines Johnson (1881-1958) bought this residence in 1913. Sam, an educator and six-term Texas legislator, and Rebekah, an educator and journalist, raised five children here. The frame house was . . . Map (db m30926) HM
42Texas (Bosque County), Meridian — 464 — Bosque County Courthouse
1886. Limestone quarried from nearby hills. Gothic styling. Clock tower modified, 1935, to strengthen roof. Unique iron stairs and railing remain. County's fourth courthouse. First, in 1854, was one-room log cabin. Recorded Texas Historic . . . Map (db m161847) HM
43Texas (Bowie County), Texarkana — 9471 — Central Christian Church
Founded in 1883 with the Rev. J. C. Mason as first pastor, the Central Christian Church congregation built this structure in 1932. Construction was supervised by architect and church member E. C. Seibert (1878-1941), who used carefully placed . . . Map (db m96569) HM
44Texas (Bowie County), Texarkana — 9512 — United States Post Office and Courthouse
Currently, only Federal office building to straddle state line. Present Texas-Arkansas state boundary (established in 1841 by United States and Republic of Texas) passes through center. Each state had separate post offices until 1892, when first . . . Map (db m96566) HM
45Texas (Brazoria County), Angleton — 1895 Brazoria County Courthouse Column
This stone is an original column from the 1895 Brazoria County Courthouse located in Brazoria, Texas. Column donated by Mr. A. T. "Tom" Covert in memory of his beloved wife Georgia City of Angleton Centennial Time Capsule 1892 - 1992 Placed May . . . Map (db m173354) HM
46Texas (Brazoria County), Angleton — 9599 — Sweeny Home
Tennessee native Rees P. Sweeny (1856-1937) constructed this raised Victorian house in 1896, the year Angleton became the seat of government for Brazoria County. The county's tax collector from the early 1890s to 1902, Sweeny moved here as part of . . . Map (db m173309) HM
47Texas (Brazoria County), Angleton — The Brazos Lighthouse
This structure is the turret from the Brazos Lighthouse erected near the mouth of the Brazos River in 1895-1896 to aid navigation through the newly constructed jetties into the river. Light originally came from an oil lamp producing 35,000 . . . Map (db m173314) HM
48Texas (Brazoria County), Brazoria — 9570 — Levi Jordan Plantation
Home built 1848-1851 by slave labor; materials came by sea, Florida to Velasco, and up the San Bernard River. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1967Map (db m173101) HM
49Texas (Brazoria County), Brazoria — 9574 — McCroskey-Stringfellow House
A tanner, John McCroskey came to Texas with Stephen F. Austin's "Old 300". He built this home in compliance with the terms of his 1824 land grant. Later owners remodeled the structure. Oliver Jones, the owner in 1849-50, was chairman of a . . . Map (db m173103) HM
50Texas (Brazoria County), East Columbia — East Columbia Historic District
Has been listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 1991Map (db m164592) HM
51Texas (Brazoria County), East Columbia — 14761 — James & Selina Phillips House
James Price Phillips, descendant of a Brazoria County Old 300 family, married Selina Harris Lee in 1911. They had four children, and Price built this house for his wife to commemorate the birth of their youngest child, Oliver Wendel, in 1920. The . . . Map (db m173075) HM
52Texas (Brazos County), Bryan — 8685 — Charles Eric Jenkins(November 4, 1861 - October 26, 1943)
English native Charlie E. Jenkins came to America in 1873 and to Bryan in 1878. One of Bryan's most prolific and talented builders of the late 19th and early 20th Centuries, Jenkins' legacy of distinctive structures has been recognized by national . . . Map (db m170311) HM
53Texas (Brazos County), Bryan — 17340 — Queen Theater
A movie theater has been at this location since 1913 and named “The Queen” since 1914. It was originally located in the three-story Stoddard Hotel built here in 1889. The Schulman family purchased the theater business in 1926 and the . . . Map (db m119641) HM
54Texas (Brewster County), Marathon — 17696 — Albion E. Shepard House
In 1883, completion occurred of the extension of tracks by the Galveston, Harrisburg and San Antonio Railway (G.H. & S.A. Ry.) Line located between El Paso and San Antonio. Retired sea captain Albion E. Shepard arrived in the region as a railroad . . . Map (db m111473) HM
55Texas (Brooks County), Falfurrias — 523 — Brooks County Courthouse
Created in 1911, Brooks County was named for State Legislator James A. Brooks (1855-1944), who served as the first county judge. Edward C. Lasater, founder of Falfurrias, deeded this courthouse site to the Commissioners Court. County offices . . . Map (db m166346) HM
56Texas (Brown County), Brownwood — Courthouses of Brown County
Brown County, created in 1856 and organized two years later, has had four courthouses. Pioneer settler Welcome William Chandler donated land for the first courthouse, a log cabin. The county moved the building twice, first two miles to the Billy . . . Map (db m125933) HM
57Texas (Caldwell County), Lockhart — 9768 — Emmanuel Episcopal Church
Organized in 1853 by the Rev. Joseph Wood Dunn, this parish erected its own church building in 1855-56. Bishop G.W. Freeman, who dedicated the edifice in 1857, noted its fine acoustics. It was built of an early type of concrete fashioned from . . . Map (db m180767) HM
58Texas (Caldwell County), Lockhart — 9770 — First Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)of Lockhart
Organized in 1852 with seven members, this congregation constructed its first sanctuary in 1858. Located across the street from this site, it soon became too small for the growing membership. In 1898, this Gothic Revival building was designed and . . . Map (db m180768) HM
59Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — 1882 Cameron County Courthouse- 1882 -
English: Built in 1882 by S.W. Brooks and designed by J.N. Preston & Son, this was the first courthouse built for Cameron County. It has continuously housed the Masonic Lodge since 1914. It was built in the Second Renaissance Revival . . . Map (db m117944) HM
60Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Alonso Building-1877-
English: Built 1877-1890 for Manuel Alonso, the Alonso Building (Los Dos Cañones) has wrought iron railings and doors reminiscent of French Creole architecture. It was one of several buildings built by immigrants from Spain. The first . . . Map (db m118522) HM
61Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — 11776 — Alonso Complex
Spanish-born Manuel Alonso (1846-1922) constructed the one-story residence on this site in 1877 and added the two-story mercantile building by 1890. His "Los Dos Cañones" mercantile was a popular gathering place for local residents. French and . . . Map (db m118520) HM
62Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Bollack Department Store-1911-
(English) Built in 1911 by the architectural firm H.C. Cooke & Co., for Pauline Bollack, a German immigrant from Bavaria, this three story structure has an attractive ornate façade. At the time, it was one of the largest buildings in town . . . Map (db m128843) HM
63Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Father Pierre Yves Keralum
Father Pierre Yves Keralum was born in France in 1817, and worked as both a cabinetmaker and an architect before entering the seminary at the age of 28. In 1852 he was ordained an Oblate of Mary Immaculate (O.M.I.) and sent to deep south Texas . . . Map (db m119431) HM
64Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Fernandez Hide Yard1880
(English) Established 1880-1894 by Miguel Fernandez, a wealthy Spanish merchant, this was a bone and hide yard built to cater to the Texas Gulf Coast cattle industry. Built in the Border Brick style, it is one of the few remaining . . . Map (db m119297) HM
65Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Field/Pacheco Complex1893
English: Built 1893-1894 for Henry M. Field, the commercial and residential complex covers half a block. The two-story gallery, spindle cornice and railings indicate that the building is a mix of Border Brick style and French Creole . . . Map (db m131197) HM
66Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Field-Pacheco Complex
English: This complex, which includes several buildings, was built in the late 19th century by H.M. Field. Andres Pacheco purchased the site in 1919. The corner store – residence is an excellent example of the Spanish colonial . . . Map (db m131199) HM
67Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — 2530 — Home of Charles Stillman
Home of Charles Stillman, ship owner, merchant, rancher, who came to Brazos Santiago in 1828 and in 1849-50 founded City of Brownsville in old Espiritu Santo Land Grant. Built about 1850 for his bride, Elizabeth Goodrich, of Connecticut. Has . . . Map (db m117846) HM
68Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Immaculate Conception Cathedral- 1854 -
(English)) Built in 1854-1859, the cathedral was designed by French architect Father Pierre Keralum of the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate. The cathedral is Gothic Revival in the ecclesiastical form with a Latin cross plan. During . . . Map (db m117981) HM
69Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — 18827 — Juan H. Fernandez Store
Juan H. Fernandez came to America at the age of 14 in 1875 as a ward of his uncle, Jose Fernandez-Toral, a mercantile owner originally from Pendueles, Asturias, Spain. Following in his family’s footsteps, Juan Fernandez opened a store in 1883, . . . Map (db m117913) HM
70Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Juan H. Fernandez y Hermano Building- 1883 -
English: Built in 1883-1884 for Juan H. Fernandez, who came from Spain in 1875 to work for his uncle and older brother, the site was a general merchandise store. The store, La Villa de Llanes, was founded by Fernandez and his younger . . . Map (db m117915) HM
71Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — La Madrileña- 1892 -
(English) Built in 1892 by Santiago McCoy and Modesto Estevan Adam for Adrian Barreda Ortiz, a native of Madrid, Spain, it is an example of an L-plan mercantile store. The architecture is a mix of Victorian and Border Brick style. The . . . Map (db m117998) HM
72Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — La Madrileña
(Spanish) En este edificio, construido en 1892 por Adrián Ortiz, se estableció La Tienda Ortiz. Esta construcción es uno de los ejemplos más significativos en la arquitectura histórica del valle. Esta joya arquitectónica, con sus . . . Map (db m118000) HM
73Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — 3000 — La Madrileña
A native of Spain, Adrian Ortiz (1860-1957) emigrated to Brownsville before he was 18 and lived with relatives who trained him as a merchant. He built this structure in 1892 to house his mercantile operation, La Madrileña (native of Madrid), an . . . Map (db m117995) HM
74Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Majestic Theatre
(English) Built in 1948, designed by the firm of Pettigrew & Worley, it was part of the interstate movie theater chain founded by Karl St. John Hoblitzelle. Interstate was an influential vaudeville and later movie theater . . . Map (db m119301) HM
75Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — 17316 — Manautou Building
Enrique Manautou came to Texas from Mexico in 1902. With area commerce bolstered by the arrival of the railroad and Mexican Revolution refugees, he began a string of dry goods stores in the lower Rio Grande Valley in 1913. Manautou moved to . . . Map (db m118647) HM
76Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Miguel Fernandez Hide Yard
(English) Known as “El Almacen,” this combination store-warehouse was built in the 1880s. At the rear, a brick wall enclosed a bone and hide yard where ranchers traded cattle hides for food and supplies. Features of the . . . Map (db m119298) HM
77Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Neale HomeBrownsville Heritage Trail
Likely the city's oldest wood-frame house, this home was occupied by Wm. Neale and his family in 1850, according to census records. Originally located on E. 14th St. the building was both a residence and stage coach office. Raiders led . . . Map (db m164603) HM
78Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — 3559 — Neale House
Englishman who was in navy of Mexico in early 1820's operated Matamoros to Boga del Rio stage line and lived here 1834 to 1896. Built of imported lumber of fine workmanship. During 1859, Cortina's War, Wm. Peter Neale, a son of the builder, . . . Map (db m164605) HM
79Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Neale House Circa 1850
Built circa 1850 for William Neale, an Englishman who later became mayor, it is one of the oldest frame houses in Brownsville. The house was created by joining four small structures. The Neale family owned it until 1950 when it was . . . Map (db m164604) HM
80Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Old Cameron County Courthouse/Dancy Building- 1912 -
English: Built in 1912 and designed by Atlee B. Ayres in the Classical style, the brown brick and terracotta building features a rotunda with a stained glass dome. The interior has Sullivanesque ornamentation. It was named after Oscar . . . Map (db m118639) HM
81Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Old County Courthouse Rio Grande Lodge No. 81
Designed by architects J.N. Preston & Son and built in 1882-1883, this courthouse included juror sleeping rooms on the third floor. Since 1914 this building has been owned by the Masonic Rio Grande Lodge No. 81, which had been meeting since 1848 . . . Map (db m117938) HM
82Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Old County Jail / Fernandez Building-1882-
(English) Built in 1882-1883, designed by the firm J.N. Preston and Son, it is the first building specifically built as the county jail. It is an example of the Border Brick style. In 1912 it was sold to the brothers Jose & Joaquin . . . Map (db m119398) HM
83Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — 17140 — Rabb Plantation
Today, commonly referred to as the Rabb Plantation, this was originally known as Rancho San Tomas and then, San Tomas Plantation. It encompassed 20,353 acres stretching north from the banks of the Rio Grande to the Arroyo Colorado. In 1885, . . . Map (db m165628) HM
84Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Rabb Plantation House- 1891 -
Built 1891-1892 for Frank and Lillian Rabb, the Queen Anne style house had a commanding view of the Rio Grande during the waning years of steamboat era. The Rabb Plantation, originally known as Rancho San Tomas, was 20,305 acres and . . . Map (db m165622) HM
85Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Rock/Gomez Housecirca 1900
English: Built circa 1900 for Refugia Rock, the widow of Herman S. Rock (a customs hide inspector), the one-story house has parapet gables and a molded cornice across the chimney and façade, indicating Mexican Colonial and Border . . . Map (db m131223) HM
86Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Rock-Gomez Residence
English: This excellent example of Spanish colonial style architecture was built in 1900 for Mrs. Herman S. Rock. Features include floor-length windows at the front façade, and parapets with a decorative brick cornice. Owned by the . . . Map (db m131198) HM
87Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Russell/Cocke House1870
English: Built circa 1870 for William H. Russel, the house was purchased by Joseph James Cocke in 1885. Its architecture features a mixture of late Greek Revival and Victorian styles that reflects the architecturally stylistic . . . Map (db m131200) HM
88Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — 12624 — Sacred Heart Catholic Church
Sacred Heart Church was established by the Oblates of Mary Immaculate for the English-speaking parishioners of Immaculate Conception Church. San Antonio architect Frederick B. Gaenslen designed this building for the new congregation in the Gothic . . . Map (db m119746) HM
89Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Sacred Heart Church
(English) Built in 1912 for the first English-speaking parish in Brownsville, this gothic revival church was designed by Frederick B. Gaenslen. The entrance gallery features corinthian columns and the initials “OMI” in the . . . Map (db m119748) HM
90Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Sacred Heart Church-1912-
(English) Built in 1912, designed by Frederick B. Gaenslen, the church was established by the Oblates of Mary Immaculate as the first English-speaking Catholic parish in Brownsville. Built in the Gothic Revival style, it was severely . . . Map (db m119751) HM
91Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — San Roman Building-1850-
Built in 1850 for José San Román, the building is an example of Border Brick architecture. Significant alterations have been made such as the varying height of the street facade. The San Román family occupied it for three generations. . . . Map (db m119401) HM
92Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Stillman House / Residencia Stillman
English: Built in 1850 in Greek Revival style by Henry Miller, who operated the nearby Miller Hotel, for Brownville founder, Charles Stillman, and his new bride, Elizabeth. They occupied the house until 1853 and their first two children . . . Map (db m117854) HM
93Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Stillman House Museum
English: Built in 1850, this Greek Revival home was occupied in succession by Charles Stillman and his family; Thomas Carson, longtime Brownsville Mayor; and the Manuel Trevino de los Santos Coy family. At one time, it housed the Mexican . . . Map (db m117862) HM
94Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — The Oldest House in Brownsville
The oldest house in Brownsville built by Wm. Neale in 1834 and occupied by the Neale Family until 1959 at which time it was given to the Brownsville Art League for a gallery and studio by Mrs. Hector del Valle, a direct descendantMap (db m164606) HM
95Texas (Cameron County), Brownsville — Whitman's Store-1928-
Built in 1928, the commercial building was designed by Baltazar Torres, a local builder and architect. From 1945 until the mid-1980’s it operated as Whitman’s Army Store and pawnshop. The three metallic spheres suspended from the . . . Map (db m119299) HM
96Texas (Cameron County), Port Isabel — A View from the Top
Landmark on the Point The sturdy lighthouse tower at Point Isabel has survived war damage, coastal storms and years of abandonment. Built in 1853 on the grounds of a military depot left after the war with Mexico, the lighthouse was also a . . . Map (db m182254) HM
97Texas (Cameron County), San Benito — 11789 — Water District Building
Designed by Austin architects Endress and Walsh and built by contractor L. Fleming, the San Benito Land and Water Company building was completed in 1910 at a cost of $14,386. Thirty-foot pine beams and locally made brick were used to construct . . . Map (db m119523) HM
98Texas (Cameron County), Santa Maria — Our Lady of Visitation
Built by the Oblate Fathers 1880 Placed By Quinton Stockwell Chapter Daughters of the American Colonists October 28, 1967Map (db m165705) HM
99Texas (Camp County), Pittsburg — 18101 — Abernathy House
David Harper Abernathy was born in 1858 in Arkansas. He moved with his family to Pittsburg in 1864. After learning business in Nashville, Tennessee, David returned to help Run his father's dry goods store. He was a major leader in town and was . . . Map (db m139316) HM
100Texas (Camp County), Pittsburg — 13073 — Camp County Courthouse
The Texas Legislature created Camp County from the northern part of Upshur County in 1874, and voters chose Pittsburg as their county seat. The county built its first courthouse in 1881. As Pittsburg grew, the two-story brick edifice became too . . . Map (db m139364) HM

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Jan. 21, 2022