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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Historical Markers in Turkey

 
St. Jean (Aziz Yahya) Kilisesi/The Church of St. John Marker image, Touch for more information
By Richard E. Miller, May 22, 2011
St. Jean (Aziz Yahya) Kilisesi/The Church of St. John Marker
Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk District), Selçuk — St. Jean (Aziz Yahya) Kilisesi/The Church of St. John
[Left column: text in Turkish] [Right column: text in English] According to the written sources, the basilica with wooden roof which includes St. John’s grave was in a poor situation in 6th century AD. Emperor Justinian . . . — Map (db m43721) HM
Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk District), Selçuk — St. Jean'in (Aziz Yahya) Kimliği Ve Hayatı/The Life of St. John
[Left column: text in Turkish] [Right column: text in English] According to an opinion that is based on the decision of, and thus at least as old as the council of Ephesus in 431 A.D., it is generally accepted that St. John . . . — Map (db m43715) HM
Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk district), Selçuk — The Basilica of St. John
St. John was the youngest of the 12 Apostles of Jesus, often referred to as the “Evangelist” or “Beloved.” After the death of Jesus, the followers of Christ were subjected to persecution. St. John’s own brother, James, was . . . — Map (db m43712) HM
Turkey, Aksaray Province (Aksaray (district)), Sultanhani — Aksaray - Sultanhani Caravanserai (1229) — Aksaray - Sultanhanı Kervansarayı (1229)
English: Situated on Konya - Aksaray highway, Sultanhanı is the largest and best caravanserai of the seljuks. It was built by Alaattin Keykubat 1. in 1229. After a fire, it was restored and extended in 1278 by the governor Siracettin . . . — Map (db m84169) HM
Turkey, Ankara (Ankara Metropolitan Municipality) — İsmet İnönü
English: İsmet İnönü was the first prime minister and the second president of the Turkish Republic. He was born in Izmir in 1884. He received his primary education and graduated from military high school and Academy of Artillery . . . — Map (db m83979) HM
Turkey, Ankara (Ankara Metropolitan Municipality) — Ankara Castle — Ankara Kalesi Tarihçesi
English: Its construction date is not known clearly. It it thought to be constructed by Hittites who placed a manial area in the city. But this thought has not been verified with archeological findings. Before Hittites, Ankara Castle had . . . — Map (db m83912) HM
Turkey, Ankara (Ankara Metropolitan Municipality) — Çengel Han — Yapin 1522 - Restorasyon 2005
English: History The Çengel Han was built in 1522-1523 during the reign of Kanuni Sultan Süleyman by Damat Rüstem Paşa who was married to the Sultan’s daughter Mihrimah Sultan. Though it was built close to 500 years ago, the . . . — Map (db m83891) HM
Turkey, Ankara (Ankara Metropolitan Municipality) — History of the Museum Buildings — Müze Yapılarının Tarihi
English: The museum consists of two buildings, the Bedesten and the Kurşsunlu Han. The Bedesten (covered market), not arranged as the exhibition hall, was built by Mahmut Pasha, Grand Vizier (1455-1466, 1472-1473) under Mehmet II, the . . . — Map (db m83995) HM
Turkey, Antalya Province (Aksu (district)), Aksu — Macellum / Agora
English: The building complex that measures 75 x 75 m includes a central area limited by porticoes and shops. The macellum has an entrance on all four sides. The shops on the north and west face alternately the macellum or the street . . . — Map (db m84207) HM
Turkey, Antalya Province (Aksu (district)), Aksu — Perge
English: The earliest archaeological finds at Perge, a very important city in the region of Pamphylia, date from the end of the fifth millennium B.C. and come from the acropolis. These are followed by uninterrupted layers of habitation . . . — Map (db m84210) HM
Turkey, Antalya Province (Aksu (district)), Aksu — Perge
The first dig at Perge had been made by Ord.Prof.Dr.Arlf Müfit Mansel and his team under his leadership in the year of 1946. Between the years of 1975-1986, the digs were made under the leadership of Prof.Dr.Jale Inan. During the digs the remains of . . . — Map (db m84215) HM
Turkey, Antalya Province (Aksu (district)), Aksu — Roman Door — Roma Kapısı
English: There are four doors opening into four directions on the walls of the ancient city of Perge. However, in the south, there are two doors which were made at Hellenistic and Roman periods and there is a courtyard of 72.2m between two . . . — Map (db m84209) HM
Turkey, Antalya Province (Aksu (district)), Aksu — Southern Baths — Güney Hamami — Süd-Therme —
English: The complex, one of the best preserved buildings in Perge, is noteworthy because of its size and monumentality when compared with its counterparts in Pamphylia. Rooms that served different functions like the dressing room . . . — Map (db m84208) HM
Turkey, Antalya Province (Serik (district)), Serik — Aspendos
English: In antiquity, central part of Antalya was known as “Pamphylia”, the land of all tribes, and is thought to have been settled originally by migrating people from Anatolia. Pamphylia grew into a populous region and many . . . — Map (db m84193) HM
Turkey, Antalya Province (Serik (district)), Serik — The Theatre of Aspendos — Aspendos Tiyatmsu
Theatre of Aspendos is the best preserved ancient theatre in Asia Minor and the most Magnificent Roman building of the province of Pamphylia as well. It was designed by the architect Zeno, son of Theodorus. This theatre by Zeno shows the final . . . — Map (db m84194) HM
Turkey, Çanakkale Province, Assos — Theater / Tiyatro
Text on German Side of Marker: Das Theater von Assos wurde im 4. Jh. v. Chr. südlich unterhalb der Agora in einen natürlichen Hang hineingebaut. Mit seiner Hufeisenform stellt es ein typisch griechisches Bauwerk dar. Es . . . — Map (db m119882) HM
Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Çanakkale Merkez), Tevfikiye — 5a — Citadel Wall
English Text: View of the outside of the Troia II/III Citadel Wall, ca 2500-2200 BCE. (Schliemann's 'Burnt City'). This reconstruction built with hand made and fired mudbrick preserves the original mudbrick material, which is . . . — Map (db m123278) HM
Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Çanakkale Merkez), Tevfikiye — 2 — The East Wall
English Text: You are now standing on the remains of the outer wall of the Greek and Roman temple precinct from the period of Troia VIII/IX (third century BCE - c. CE 500). In front of you lie the fortifications of Troia/Ilios. You . . . — Map (db m123200) HM
Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Çanakkale Merkez), Tevfikiye — 3 — The Northern Bastion
English Text: You are now standing on the remains of the foundations of an altar which belonged to the Greek and Roman temple of Athena (see Information-Sign 4). The remains of this temple had already been removed by stone-robbers . . . — Map (db m123228) HM
Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Çanakkale Merkez), Tevfikiye — B — The Pithos Garden
English Text: These large vat-like storage containers appear in the Mediterranean and Near East already in the Neolithic period along with the earliest pottery. They served primarily as a means to keep cool olive oil, wine, and grain, . . . — Map (db m123122) HM
Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Çanakkale Merkez), Tevfikiye — 4 — The Temple of Athena
English Text: Where you are now standing there once lay the forecourt of the temple of Athena belonging to the Greek and Roman city Ilion. Looking down you can see in the center of the mound a wide area at a lower level. This was . . . — Map (db m123252) HM
Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — 57th Infantry Regiment — 57. Piyade Alayı Tarihçesi
English: The 57th Infantry Regiment was formed during the Balkan War in 1912. On 1 February 1915, it was reconstituted under the command of the 19th Infantry Division as part of the Turkish Fifth Army. The regiment showed outstanding . . . — Map (db m85113) HM
Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — Anzac Commemorative Site
These ten panels, mounted upon a wall facing the sea, describes the conflict between Allied and Turkish forces on the Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915. Panel #1 English: The Dardanelles A good army of . . . — Map (db m85295) HM WM
Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — 2 — Anzac Cove — Anzac Koyu
English: This beach, 600 metres long by 20 metres wide was the life line to the Allied soldiers within the Anzac perimeter. Because of Turkish shellfire, supplies could only be landed at night and carried by men and mules along tortuous . . . — Map (db m85219) HM
Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — Ari Burnu Cemetery
English: By early l9l5, the Western Front in France and Flanders had reached a stalemate. The British War Council sanctioned a plan to attack the Ottoman Empire, which was fighting alongside the Central Powers, led by Germany. By . . . — Map (db m85184) HM WM
Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — 1 — Ariburnu
English: At 0430 hours on 25 April, 36 rowing boats landed the first Australian soldiers around this point and at Anzac Cove. Immediately they climbed the 100 metre hill behind you (Plugge's Plateau) and by 1000 hrs. secured a front line . . . — Map (db m85183) HM
Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — Atatürk's Tribute
"Those heroes that shed their blood and lost their lives... you are now living in the soil of a friendly country. Therefore rest in peace. There is no difference between the Johnnies and the Mehmets to us where they lie side by side here in this . . . — Map (db m85220) WM
Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — Beach Cemetery
English: During the Gallipoli campaign, this area was known as 'Hell Spit'. To the north is the beach which became known as Anzac Cove, where some 27,000 Australian and New Zealand, British and Indian troops came ashore between 25 April . . . — Map (db m85241) HM
Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — 9 — Chunuk Bair — Çanak Bayırı
English: New Zealand and British Forces climbed from the beach under cover of darkness and launched a surprise attack on this hilltop, capturing it on 8 August 1915. They held the area immediately around the New Zealand Memorial for 2 . . . — Map (db m85151) HM
Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — Lone Pine Cemetery
To the glory of God and the lasting memory of 3268 Australian soldiers who fought on Gallipoli in 1915 and have no known graves, and 456 New Zealand soldiers whose names are not recorded in any other areas of the peninsula but who fell in the Anzac . . . — Map (db m85110) WM
Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — Monument of Respect for the Mehmetcik — Mehmetçiǧe Saygı Anıtı
Turkish: "Biz Çanakkale Yarımadasının Türklerle savaşarak ve binlerce insanımızı kaybederek kahraman Turk milletine ve onun essiz vatan sevgisine duyduǧumuz büyük takdir ve hayranlıkla . . . — Map (db m85248) WM
Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — North Beach & Sphinx — Kuzey Sahili ve Sfenks
English: The coast line curls eastwards passing Ariburnu and turns North running about 160 meters along up to Nibrunesi Point (Kuchulx Kemekli). The Anzacs called the coast line here “North Beach" because of its perspective viewing . . . — Map (db m85281) HM
Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — The Gallipoli Campaign of 1915 — Gelibolu Harekâtı --1915
English: The Allied objectives in the Gallipoli Campaign were, by capturing Istanbul, to force Turkey out of the war, to secure an ice-free sea supply route to Russia and to open another front against Germany and Austria-Hungary. The . . . — Map (db m85111) HM
Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — The Moment When Mustafa Kemal Was Granted to Our Nation (with his own words) — Mustafa Kemal'in Yüce Milletimize Bağişlandiği an (kendisi anlatiyor.)
English: "On 10th of August 1915 the British Forces of 20,000 settled into their trenches where they had spent days digging and waiting for the moment to attack and occupy Chunuk Bair, and thereby dominate the Dardanelles. The darkness . . . — Map (db m85148) HM
Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — 8 — The Nek — Cesaret Tepe
English: This key position defended vigorously by both side saw repeated attacks across this narrow ridge. The ANZAC trenches were located close to the cemetery. The Turkish trenches originated near to the raised stone memorial on your . . . — Map (db m85145) HM
Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — The Nek - Sergeant Mehmet's Memorial — Cesaret Tepe - Mehmet Çavuş Anıtı
English: The Nek is a hillock, 157 m. above sea level, located at Russell's Top. It is a very important point which connects Russell's Top - which is 700 m. high and 40-100 m. wide and extending over Plugge's Plateau on the southwest - . . . — Map (db m85147) HM WM
Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — The Nek Cemetery
English: This was a fiercely contested part of the front-line at Anzac. A narrow passage across the ridge known as ‘the Nek' lay just below a hill designated Baby 700 by Commonwealth forces. After the Armistice. the remains of several . . . — Map (db m85115) HM WM
Turkey, Denizli (Merkez (District)), Pamukkale — Hierapolis — Visualization of Hierapolis
English Text: (1) Northern Necropolis (2) Baths - Basilica (3) Suburban Theatre (4) Frontinus Gate (5) Latrina (6) Nymphaeum of the Tritons (7) Agora (8) Frontinus Street (9) Temple Nymphaeum . . . — Map (db m118843) HM
Turkey, Denizli (Merkez (District)), Pamukkale — Martyrion of St. Philip — Hierapolis of Phrygia
The church with an octagon core was built at the beginning of the 5th century on the summit of the hill. This is probably where, according to tradition, the Apostle was martyred. The building has an eight-sided central room surmounted by a wooden . . . — Map (db m118853) HM
Turkey, Denizli (Merkez (District)), Pamukkale — Temple Nymphaeum (3rd century AD) / Tapinak Nymphaeumu(i.S, III. yüzyıl) — Hierapolis of Phrygia
Built to a U-shaped plan with two wings enclosing the large basin. The lower part is built of more regularly-shaped travertine blocks, while the upper part has blocks of varying dimensions, clearly taken from previous structures. On the basis of the . . . — Map (db m118898) HM
Turkey, Denizli (Merkez (District)), Pamukkale — The Theatre — The Theatre Today
In the latest years the theatre continues to represent one of the top priorities for the Italian Mission, that continues the studies and has started important actions of preservation, restoration and presentation of the monument. The project of . . . — Map (db m118880) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Beyoğlu district), Istanbul — Galata Tower
Turkish: 29 Mayis 1453 Salı Sabahi Cenevizlerin Galata Kolonisi Anahtarlarını Fatih Sultan Mehmed Takdim Etmiş ve Galatanın Teslimi 1 Haziran Cuma Günü . . . — Map (db m84878) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Beyoğlu district), Istanbul — Galatasarayı Hamami
Turkish: Galatasarayı Hamami Tarihinden İnşaası: Sultan Bayazıt.II.1481-1541 ilâve ve tamirler: Sultan Selim II. avcı Mehet. IV. Ahmet.III. mahmu dı restorasiyon Hüseyin Yumuşak . . . — Map (db m84877) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Beyoğlu district), Istanbul — Maksem Taksim — Taksim Maksem
English: The settlement increased on the shores of the Bosphorus in the period of (1703-1730) Ahmed III and brought the problem of water supply. To solve this problem, development activities were initiated but these development activities . . . — Map (db m84831) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Beyoğlu district), Istanbul — The Tunnel — Tünel
English: The story of the Tunnel. which is the second oldest underground system in the World after the London Underground, started with the French engineer Eugene Henri Gavand‘s initiative. Engineer Gavand observed people shuttling between . . . — Map (db m84829) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Şehzade Mosque and Complex — Şehzade Camii ve Külliyesi
English: This mosque was dedicated to one of the Princes of Salesman the Magnificent, who died young: Sehzade Mehmed, the son of Suleyman and Hurrem was born in 1521 and died in 1543. Some believe that Sinan, was building it for Suleyman, . . . — Map (db m85077) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Şimkeşhane
English: This building is one of the first construction works in the city after the conquest of Istanbul. according to its epigraph. The place where Şimkeşhane (a place where thread was produced for fabric) was built, used to be . . . — Map (db m84950) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Admiral Hayrettin — Kaptan-i Derya Hayrettin Paşa — (Barbarossa / Barbaros) (1473 -1543) —
English: This place belongs to "The Foundation of the Sons and Servants of Great Turkish Admiral Hayrettin (Barbarossa) Pasha." The sailors of the Pasha were resting here without losing sight of the sea. In the XVI Century, one of the . . . — Map (db m84709) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Alay Pavillion — Alay Köşkü
English: Alay Pavilion was the building constructed above the outer wall of Topkapl Palace for the sultans to watch the ceremonies. Before the construction of Alay Pavillion, there was a timber pavilion in 16th century. The recent . . . — Map (db m85044) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Basilica Cistern — Yerbatan Sarnıcı
English: The Basilica Cistern was constructed by Eastern Roman Emperor I. Justinianus (527-565) in 542 A.D. to provide water requirement of the Great Palace. Due to the brilliance among the marble columns arising within the water, it was . . . — Map (db m84740) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih District), Istanbul — Cistern of Philoxenos — Binbirdirek (Fileksenos) Sarnıcı
English: The cistern was constructed in 4th century. As the Emperor Constantinus I reestablished the city, some members of the senate were forced to migrate here and Philoxenos that was one of them constructed his palace next to the . . . — Map (db m84689) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Firuz Aga Mosque — Firuz Aǧa Camii
English: Firuz Aga Mosque was constructed by Firuz Aga who was Chief-treasurer of Sultan Bayezid II. The mosque was a bigger yard before the extension of Divanyolu, was constructed in 1491 as it was shown at the tablet on its door. The . . . — Map (db m84948) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — German Fountain — Alman Çeşmesi
English: German Fountain is a monument dedicated to the second visit of the Prussian King and German Emperor Wilhelm II in 1898. The monument, which was presented in the name of Turkish-German friendship, extending its function of being a . . . — Map (db m84692) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Gulhane Park — Gülhane Parkı
English: Gulhane Park used to be the exterior yard of Topkapi Palace during the Ottoman Period, encompassing rose gardens and a grove. Gulhane was landscaped and transformed into a park in 1912 during the period of Cemil Topuzlu, . . . — Map (db m85041) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Hagia Sophia — Ayasofya
English: The present Ayasofya is the third building of the same name that was constructed in the same place. The First Great Church serving as the cathedral was constructed by Emperor Constantius (337-361) in 360; it had a basilica . . . — Map (db m84754) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Haseki Hurrem Bathhouse — Haseki Hürrem Hamamı
English: This building that was one of the great and gorgeous buildings of Ottoman bathhouses in Istanbul, was constructed by Hurrem Sultan in 1556-57. The architect of the building, that was called "Hagias Sophia Bathouse", was Architect . . . — Map (db m84632) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Kapi Agasi Mahmud Aga Mosque — Kapı Aǧası Mahmud Aǧa Camii — Yapılışı: 1553 —
English: The mosque that is situated near Kahirpapi in Fenerti Street is also known as "Aga Mosque.” The architect of the mosque which was built for Agha Babu's-saade (gate of felicity) Mahmund Agha, is Mimar Sinan. Having built by . . . — Map (db m86075) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — March 16th Martyrs — On Altı Mart Şehitleri
English: The ”March 16th Martyrs" is an event that took place on 16th March 1920 when the military station in Şehzadebaş was raided and six soldiers killed during the British occupation of Istanbul. After the Armistice of . . . — Map (db m84857) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Marmara Land Walls (Theodosian Walls) — Marmara Kara Surları
English: They are the defensive structures, 7620 m in length, built by the decree of the Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire Theodosios II (408- 450), to protect Constantinople from hostile attacks. The walls border the peninsula on the . . . — Map (db m84815) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Mausoleum of Sultan Ahmed I — Sultan I. Ahmet Türbrsi
English: Mausoleum of Sultan Ahmed I (1603-1617) is located at the northeast part of Sultanahmet Kulliye. There is a darülkurra (a part of a madrasah) behind this mausoleum surrounded with wall and a building on the corner, in front of . . . — Map (db m84635) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Million — Milion
English: Constantine I built a forum adorned with sculptures, pillars and marble arches known as the Constantine Forum in Mese which is today called Çemberlitaş. The emperor preserved the entire Strategion, the main square of the . . . — Map (db m84739) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Mimar Sinan — Kayseri. Agornas 1492- İstanbul 1588
English: Mimar Sinan was the head-architect during the periods of Kanuni Sultan Suleyman, Selim II and Murad Ill. He had a very important role on designing and building the architectural masterpieces those were symbolizing the power of the . . . — Map (db m84876) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Obelisk of Theodosius — Theodosius Dikilitaş (Obelisk)
English: The obelisk was originally set up by Tutmoses III of the 18th Dynasty of Egypt in close to 1450 BC along with a similar one in front of the Temple of Amun-Re at Karnak. Inscribed on the obelisk is an Egyptian hieroglyph script, . . . — Map (db m84711) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Pasakapisi
English: It was the building that was constructed by Sultan Osman III. in 1756 and the first official building for the grand vizier. The building faced several fires and was reconstructed every time after the fires. In the first . . . — Map (db m85033) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Ruins of Bucoleon Palace — Bukoleon Sarayı Kalıntıları
English: Bucoleon Palace is a Byzantine coastal palace. It is located on the Marmara Sea shore, at Catladikapi location between Cankurtaran and Kumkapı today in the east of Little Hagia Sophia. Only the ruins of the palace have survived . . . — Map (db m84979) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Rustem Pasha Mosque — Rüstem Paşa Camii
English: Rustem Pasha, who was both the grand vizier and son in law of Suleiman the over the Masjid of Haci Halil. Rustem Pasha Mosque is a recherché work of Mimar Sinan with its mosque, shops, inns, and fountains. The mosque is built in a . . . — Map (db m84812) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Serpent Column — Burmalı Sütun Veya Yılanlı Sütun (Sultanahmet)
English: It is a Bronze monument which is well-known under the name of Serpentine Column survived to the present day from the Roman Hippodrome. While I. Constantine's establishing the Constantinople; i.e. the new capital of Rome, he . . . — Map (db m84712) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Sirkeci Terminal — Sirkeci Garı
English: The structure is one of the examples of convergence of Western eclecticism seen in especially 19th century Istanbul and the regional and national stylistic patterns. The building was constructed as a terminal when Roumeli Railway . . . — Map (db m85075) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — St. Euphemia's Martyrion — Eufemia Martirionu
English: St. Euphemia who was known to be a saint in the era of Ancient Chalcedon, was killed because of her religious belief on 16 September 303. Euphemia was buried within a martyrion (burial place), out of the city in Chalcedon, done by . . . — Map (db m84691) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Suleymaniye Mosque and Social Complex — Süleymaniye Camii ve Külliyesi
English: This building is a social complex constructed by Mimar Sinan (Sinan the Architect) on the order of Suleiman the Magnificent (1550-1557). The Süleymaniye Mosque is at the center of the social complex constructed on a high hill . . . — Map (db m84862) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — The Basilica Cistern — Yerbatan Sarnıcı
English: Constructed in the 6th century during the reign of Emperor Justinianus, the most prosperous period of the East Roman Empire, the cistern Basilica is 70m. in width and 140m. in length. The dome, covering an area of 9800 m2, is . . . — Map (db m84745) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — The Building of Ministry of Post and Telegraph (Grand Post Office) — Posta ve Telgraf Nezarti Binası (Büyük Poatane)
English: The construction of this building, the largest post office of Turkey, was started in 1905, to serve as the building of Ministry of Post and Telegraph. The construction was completed in 1909 and the name of the building was . . . — Map (db m84980) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — The Fountain of Ahmed III — III. Ahmed Çeşmesi
English: The Fountain was constructed by Mimar Ahmed Aga on the order of Ahmed III following the recommendation of Nevsehirii Damat Ibrahim Pasha, replacing a Byzantine fountain named Perayton. The fountain which is one of the most . . . — Map (db m84610) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — The History of the Egyptian Bazaar — Misir Çarşispnin Tari̇hçesi̇ — L'histoire du Bazaar Egyptian —
English: The construction of the bazaar began in 1597 by order of Safiye sultan, the wife of the Ottoman Sultan Murat the 3rd and the mother of Sultan Mehmet the 3rd. 67 years later, it was completed by order of Hatice Turhan Sultan, . . . — Map (db m84814) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — The Milion Stone — Million Taşı
English: In Ancient Rome, It used to be the starting point of all the roads reaching to Constantinople and the origin point used for the calculation of the distance of other cities to this city. It has the same function as the Milliarium . . . — Map (db m84738) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — The Remnants of the Theodosian Hagia Sophia (5th Century) — Theodosius Ayasofyası Kalıntıları
English: The church built by the Emperor Theodosios II (408-450) on a basilica plan covered by a wooden-roof was opened for worship in 415. It was destroyed by fire during the Nike Revolt against the Emperor Justinian (527-565). A . . . — Map (db m84755) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — The Ruins of the Triumphal Arch of Theodosius — Theodosius Zafer Takı Kalıntıları
English: The marble pieces that are located here belong to the Triumphal Arch and the Forum built by and named after the last emperor of the Roman Empire; Theodosius the Great (4th Cent. A.D.). The Triumphal Arch was situated on the corner . . . — Map (db m84952) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — The Tomb of Suleiman the Magnificent — Kânûnî Sultan Süleymân Han Türbesi
English: Suleiman the Magnificent (1494, Trabzon - 1566, Szigetvár), was the tenth Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and the 89th Caliph of Islam. In the west, he was known as Suleiman the Magnificent and in the east, he was known as Sultan . . . — Map (db m84860) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — The Türbe (Tomb) of Sultan Mehmed III — Sultan III. Mehmed Türbesi
English: The building was constructed by the Architect Ahmed Agha in 1608. The octagonal shape of the tomb is covered by a central dome, with a large main hall in the middle and two lateral spaces the entrance. There are mural . . . — Map (db m84756) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — The Türbe (Tomb) of Sultan Selim II — Sultan II. Selim Türbesi
English: It is the first burial construction in the graveyard of Ayassofya made by the Architect Sinan, in 1577. The external walls of the building are covered with marble panels and there is a three-arched small porch (riwaq) at the front. . . . — Map (db m84757) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Topkapi Palace — Topkapı Sarayı
English: Topkapi Palace was the resident of Ottoman sultans, and center of state management and education. Mehmed the Conqueror ordered the construction of a palace in Bayezid, at the location of Istanbul University at the present that would . . . — Map (db m84609) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Walled Obelisk — Örme Dikilitaş
English: Walled Column also known as Walled Obelisk is one of three ancient monuments, which has survived to the present day. In the middle of the Hippodrome, there was a set that bisects race space and called as "spina" in Roman period . . . — Map (db m84710) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Kartal District), Istanbul — Adnan Kahveci
1949 yılında Trabzon’un Köprübaşı ilçesi, Beşköy beldesi Yılmazlar köyünde doğdu. Istanbul Fen Fakültesinden sonra M. E. B. bursuyla ABD'de Indiana'daki Purdue Üniversitesine gitti. Elektrik Mühendisi oldu. . . . — Map (db m95748) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province, Bergama — Pergamon Acropolis
Turkish Text / English Text: 1. Arsenal / Arsenal 2. Saray / Palast I 3. Saray II / Palast II 4. Saray III / Palast III 5. Saray IV / Palast IV 6. Saray V / Palast V 7. Kale Kapisi / Citadel Gate 8. Athena Kutsal Alani / . . . — Map (db m119822) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province, Bergama — The Temple of Trajan — Cult - History - Restoration
English Text on the First Panel of the Marker: The construction of the temple was started under the Roman Emperor Trajan (98-117 A.D.) and enlarged and completed under his successor Hadrian (117 -138 A.D.). It served the cult of both . . . — Map (db m119831) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province, Izmir — Honorary Inscription — Diophantos'u Onurlandırma Yazıtı
English Text: Honorary inscription erected by the city of Smyrna in honor of the chief priest of the Province of Asia, Iulius Menekles Diophantos (200-250 A.D.) "May good fortune attend. In beauty and size the first and most famous . . . — Map (db m119725) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province, Izmir — Neocorus of the Cult of the Emperor at Smyrna — Smyrna'daki imparatorluk Kültü'nün Neokoros'u
English Text: Inscribed base of a statue of Claudius Aristophanes Aurelianus, neocorus of the cult of the emperor at Smyrna (end of 2nd beginning of 3rd century A.D.). When used for a person the term neocorus meant "servant of the . . . — Map (db m119687) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province, Izmir — The Agora of Smyrna
English Text The agora of Smyrna was the city's administrative, political, judicial, and commercial center. It was located in the center and covered a rectangular area in conformance with the gridiron plan of the city. Remains . . . — Map (db m119638) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province, Izmir — The Agora of Smyrna
English Text: In the courtyard of the Agora there were shipped monuments erected in honor of important persons, days and agreements. There were also statues, altars belonging to multiple gods at which offerings were made in religious . . . — Map (db m119657) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province, Izmir — The Ancient City of Smyrna
English Text: The geographer and traveller Strabo, writing in the 1st century B.C., stated that the city was constructed by two of Alexander's commanders, Antigonus and Lysimachus. In the Hellenistic and Roman periods, thanks to its . . . — Map (db m119432) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province, Izmir — The Ancient City of Smyrna
English Text: A result of excavations carried out on the Yeslova Mound, located in the sub-district of Bornova on the eastern side of the Bay of Izmir, it has become clear that Izmir's past goes back 8500 years. The first city to be . . . — Map (db m119632) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province, Izmir — The Basement of the West Portico
English text: The basement that you are now visiting consists of three galleries and was constructed by using arches. The crookedness that you see in the axis of the arches is thought to be the result of hurried repairs, done to make . . . — Map (db m119691) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province, Izmir — The Dream of Alexander the Great
English Text: Pausanius, a geographer and traveler of the 2nd century A.D., relates that Alexander came to the slopes of Mt Pagos (Kadifekale) to hunt, that he fell asleep under a plane tree by a spring in front of the Temple of Nemesis, . . . — Map (db m119670) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province, Izmir — The West Portico
English Text: The West Portico is one of the columned galleries which surrounded the courtyard of the Agora. It is not possible today to see clearly what kind of building it was. But from architectural traces and fragments that have . . . — Map (db m119464) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province, Izmir — Water Channels
English Text: Water channels big enough for a person to pass easily through them have been identified beneath the modern city within the agora and south of it. Today water from an unidentified source still flows through these channels; . . . — Map (db m119729) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — Ancient Ephesos
English Text: (1) Magnesian Gate (2) East Gymnasium (3) State Agora (4) Temple of Hadrian (5) Terrace House 2 (6) Celsus Library (7) Tetragonos Agora ][ Commercial Market (8) Serapeion (9) Great . . . — Map (db m114980) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — Baths at the 'State Agora'
English Text: The Roman bathing facility should be located at the site of an earlier, Hellenistic gymnasium. Four bathing rooms at the northern side were partly hewn out of the bedrock. The caldarium (hot room) lying to the west . . . — Map (db m114998) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — Byzantine Ephesos — 4th - 14th century A.D.
English Text: Ephesos retained its position as the seat of the provincial governor (proconsul Asiae) and thus also as a political and economic centre even after the new organization of the Roman Empire by Diocletian (284-305). . . . — Map (db m114972) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — Graffiti in Terrace House 2 — Yamaç Ev 2'deki Grafitiler — Graffiti Im Hanghaus 2 —
English: Several wall paintings feature drawings and graffiti which offer an insight into the everyday life of the inhabitants. The drawings mainly show gladiators, caricatures, and animals. The graffiti include names of persons, poems and . . . — Map (db m84556) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — Hadrian's Gate
English Text: The three-storeyed gateway marks the junction of the Processional Way in the direction of Ortygia. Two narrower passageways framed the broad street gateway, of which the upper storey is reminiscent of Hadrian's Gate in . . . — Map (db m115289) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — Hellenistic Fountain House — Helenistik Çesme Yapısı — Hellenistisches Brunnenhaus —
English: The fountain house of Ionic order located at the back wall of the Great Theatre's stage building dates to the Hellenistic period (3rd-1st century B.C.). During the Roman period its depth was extended ca. 2 m and the new anteroom . . . — Map (db m84361) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — Historic Notes About the Shrine
This place is considered to be the last home of the Blessed Virgin the Mother of Jesus Christ. The Facts as found in the Scriptures: • St. John in (h)is Gospel tells us that Jesus before dying on the Cross entrusted to him the care . . . — Map (db m115325) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — Hydrekdocheion — (Water Palace / Su Sarayı/ Wasserschloss)
English: The monumental fountain building donated by the Proconsul Gaius Laecanius Bassus in ca. A.D. 80 is situated at the intersection of two main streets. The rectangular 105 m2 large basin was framed by sumptuous two- to three-storey . . . — Map (db m84342) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — Last Home of the Blessed Virgin, the Mother of Jesus Christ
Notice About The Shrine This place is considered to be the last home of the Blessed Virgin, the Mother of Jesus Christ. The Facts According to the Scriptures: St. John, in his Gospel, tells us that Jesus, before dying on the . . . — Map (db m44049) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — Peristyle Courtyard of Dwelling Unit 6 — Oturma Birimi 6'nın Peristil Avlusu — Peristylhof der Wohneinheit 6 —
English: Originally the perıstyle courtyard (31a) of Dwelling Unit 6 featuring 8 columns had at least two floors. The perıstyle made accessible the Northern and Western rooms, but also the large hall (31) in the south. Floors and . . . — Map (db m84555) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — Pollio Monument and Fountain of Domitian — Pollo Yapisi ve Domitianus Çeşmesi
English: The 8 x 6.5 m large and 6.4 m tall socle is the remainder of an honorific burial, which was erected ın the 1st half of the 1st century A.D. in memory of Gaius Sextilius Pollio by his stepson, on land provided by the city for . . . — Map (db m84337) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — Processional Way
Dini Alay Yolu [text in Turkish…] Processional Way [text in English] Annual festivals named ‘Artemisia’ or ‘Ephesia’ in antiquity were undertaken in honour of Artemis, the city goddess of Ephesos. The festivities, . . . — Map (db m44269) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — Research History of Ephesos
English Text: As the ruins of Ephesos had already appeared in the travel reports of the 17th -19th centuries, the British Museum in London began archaeological investigations at Ephesos. The architect, John Turtle Wood, directed the . . . — Map (db m114675) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — Roman Ephesos
English Text: When the Pergamene King Attalos III died in 133 B.C., he bequeathed his kingdom to the Roman people in his will. The city of Ephesos that possessed the tax-exempt status as civitas libera thus became part of the Roman . . . — Map (db m114723) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — Temple on the 'State Agora'
English Text: In the western part of the 'State Agora' there is a peripteral temple on a 23 x 15 m podium with 6 x 10 columns and additional columns at the front. Most probably this temple was erected at the time of Emperor Augustus or . . . — Map (db m115009) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — Terrace House 1 — Yamaç Ev 1 — Das Hanghaus 1 —
English: Terrace House 1 is a housing block which, since its foundation period in the 1st Century B.C., was divided into six parcels, each representing a residentıal unit. The rooms of each individual resıdentıal unit are . . . — Map (db m84520) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — Terrace House 2 — Yamaç Ev 2 — Das Hanghaus 2 —
English: The traces of settlement on the northern slope of Mount Bülbül go back to the Archaic period (7th/6th century B.C.) when this area was used as a cemetery. During the Hellenıstıc period (ca. 200 B.C.) this slope was . . . — Map (db m84543) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — Tetragonos Agora - The Commercial Market — Tetragonos Agora - Ticari Pazar Yeri — Die Tetragonos Agora - Der Handelsmarkt —
English: The Commercial Market was already founded in the 3rd century B.C. Its visible form goes back to an expansion under Emperor Augustus (27 B.C. - A.D. 14) into a square ensemble (side lengths 154 m) with three gates in the north, west . . . — Map (db m84363) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — The Archaic-Classical Settlement and the Sepulchre Street
English Text: In the 8th century B.C. a village settlement was founded at the bay where the sea reached up to the Roman-period West Gate of the Agora; this settlement is probably Smyrna, attested in literature. Excavations in the western . . . — Map (db m115318) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — The Bouleuterion — Bouleuterion
English: The Bouleuterion housed the meetings of the council (boule) as well as musical performances and contests. The originally roofed semi-circular auditorium is bonded to a stage wall. The building was erected around A.D. 100. In A.D. . . . — Map (db m84282) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — The Celsus Library
Celsus Kutuphanesi [text in Turkish…] The Celsus Library [text in English]: The Celsus Library, certainly the most well-known monument in Ephesos, was built between A.D. and 110 by Gaius Iulius Aquila for his . . . — Map (db m43992) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — The Early Ephesos — Late 7th millennium - 334 B.C.
English Text: The earliest traces of human settlement found so far in the region of Ephesos were discovered on Çukuriçi Höyük and reach back into the early Chalcolithic period (late 7th millennium). At the latest since the Early Bronze Age . . . — Map (db m114703) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — The Great Theatre — [Ephesus] —
Büyük Tiyatro [text in Turkish...] The Great Theatre [text in English] The Great Theatre goes back to a preceding structure of the Hellenistic period (3rd-1st century B.C.). In the Roman period there was an extensive . . . — Map (db m84362) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — The Hellenistic Ephesos — 3rd - 1st century B.C.
English Text: In the Hellenistic period the cityscape of Ephesos underwent a fundamental transformation. During the wars of the Diadochoi after the death of Alexander the Great the city was incorporated after 300 B.C. into the kingdom of . . . — Map (db m114718) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — The Hellenistic Fountain and the Hexagon — Helenistik Çeşme ve Heksagon (Altıgen) — Hellenistischer Brunnen und Hexagon —
English: The Taberna II (Shop II) of Terrace House 2 was built over a fountain installation from the 3rd century B.C. The east, south and west walls, constructed of marble blocks, are preserved. Above the socle zone, a water channel . . . — Map (db m84554) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — The 'Heracles Gate'
English Text: The so-called Heracles Gate bordered the Curetes Street to the east. Its present appearance derives from late antique adaptations, and the appearance of the imperial gateway cannot be reconstructed anymore. Both pillars, . . . — Map (db m115080) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — The Heroon of Androclos
English Text: Over a u-shaped pedestal with Doric façade architecture arose an open upper storey of the Ionic order. In front of the building is a water basin; its enclosure panels were renovated in the late antique period, and for this . . . — Map (db m115276) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — The Inscriptions Museum — Yazıtlar Galerisi — Das Inschriftenmuseum —
English: The Inscriptions Museum is housed ın the vaulted substructure of the Temple of Domıtıan. In the corridors, more than 3,000 complete or partial inscriptions are currently preserved. A selected exhibition contains . . . — Map (db m84343) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — The Latrine — Latrina (Tuvalet) — Die Latrine —
English: The public Latrine could be reached from the covered `Academy Street'. The free public toilet served the citizens as well as the visitors of the adjacent Varius Bath. The seats of the Latrine were arranged round three sides of the . . . — Map (db m84542) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — The Memmius Monument — Memmius Anıtı — Der Memmiusbau —
English: The Memmius Monument was built between 50 and 30 B.C. at a particularly prominent site: it is an honorific monument for Gaius Memmius, a grandson of the Roman Dictator Sulla. The reconstruction proposes a tower-like structure with a . . . — Map (db m84345) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — The Nymphaeum Traiani — Trainanus Çeşmesi — Das Nympheaum Trainani —
English: The fountain building was donated by Tiberius Claudius Aristion and his wife between A.D. 102 and 114 in honour of Artemis of Ephesos and Emperor Trajan (A.D. 98-117). The original height of the building reconstructed as an . . . — Map (db m84519) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — The 'Rhodian Peristyle' and The Prytaneum — 'Rodos Tıpı Peristil' ve 'Prytaneion
English: The courtyard (33 x 28 m), lying to the west of the Bouleuterıon and enclosed on all three sides corresponds to the type of the 'Rhodıan Perıstyle' with its elevated columnar architecture at the east. An altar or two . . . — Map (db m84335) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — The So-Called Alytarchs' Stoa — 'Alytarchus Stoası' — Die 'Alytarchenstoa' —
English: A 4.7-5.5 m-wide hall (stoa) dated to the late antique period (4th /5th century A.D.), according to an inscription, borders the two Terrace Houses along the Curetes Street. The hall, built over honourific Imperial monuments, . . . — Map (db m84521) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — The So-Called House of Pleasure — Aşk Evi Olarka Adlanırılan Yapı — Sogenanntes Freudenhaus —
English: In this area three private houses have been identified: in the middle stood House 2, a two-storey peristyle house which was mistakenly interpreted as a house of pleasure for a long time. Used from the 15' century B.C. into the . . . — Map (db m84364) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — The South Gate of the Agora
The richly ornamented gate was financed by imperial freedmen Mazaeus and Mithridates in 2 B.C. The refined articulation of the southern façade with alternating projecting and re-entrant elements, as well as the use of arches and beams, was repeated . . . — Map (db m115299) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — The 'State Agora' — 'Devet Agorasi'
English: Probably in the 15th century B.C., an enclosure was set up in the saddle between the two city mountains; at the beginning of the 1“century A.D. it covered an area of 160 x 58 m. The area was surrounded by porticoes on three . . . — Map (db m84281) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — The Temple of Domitian — Domitianustapinaği
English: The temple and altar served the Imperial cult and were dedicated to Emperor Domitian (A.D. 81-96); after his death and condemnation of his memory ( damnatio memoriae), however, they were dedicated to the Flavian family. The . . . — Map (db m84336) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — The Temple of Hadrian — Hadrianus Tapınaǧı — Der Hadrianstempel —
English: P. Vedius Antoninus Sabinus donated the small, temple-like monument which, according to a building inscription, honoured Emperor Hadrian (A.D. 117-138). The colonnade in front of the cella supports a so-called Syrian gable. The . . . — Map (db m84541) HM
Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — The Varius Bath
The Varius Bath Between the 'Bath' and the 'Academy Alley' at the northern side of the Curetes Street, the Varius Bath was established in the 1st half of the 2nd century A.D. The bathrooms were entered through a sizable apsidal hall; over . . . — Map (db m115278) HM
Turkey, Konya Province (Konya (district)), Konya — Mevlâna Museum — Mevlâna Müzesi
English: Following the passing of Mevlâna on December 17th, 1273, Alâmeddin Kayer and Gürcü Hatun the wife of Süleyman Pervade the Seljuk Emir made Bedridden from Tebriz build a tomb one year later. Three sections of the tomb that rise . . . — Map (db m84274) HM
Turkey, Konya Province (Konya (district)), Konya — The Tomb of Ahmed Eflâkî Dede — Ahmed Eflâkî Dede Türbesi
English: Date: 13th Century Built by: Unknown Architect: Unknown Ahmed Eflâkî Dede narrated detailed and important information about Hz. Mevlâna and Mevleviyeh with his book called “Menâkibü’l-Ârifîn” (Anecdotes . . . — Map (db m84275) HM
Turkey, Manisa, Akhisar — Ancient City of Thyateira (Thyatira)
English Text: The remains of the ancient city of Thyateira, which is located within the borders of the county town of Akhisar, have been uncovered mostly in two areas named as the "Tepe Mezarligi" (Hill Cemetery) and the "Hastane . . . — Map (db m119733) HM
Turkey, Manisa, Akhisar — Apsidal Building — Apsisli Yapi
English Text: The striking remains of the ancient city of Thyateira are located in the "Tepe Mezarligi (Hill Cemetery)" in the county town of Akhisar. The archeological excavations in this region were carried out by Professor Dr. Yusuf . . . — Map (db m119765) HM
Turkey, Manisa, Akhisar — The Roman Columned Street — Sütunlu Roma Caddesi
English Text: In the excavations carried out in the east of the area called the "Tepe Mezarligi" (Hill Cemetery) within the range of the ancient city of Thyateira, a typical Roman street with columns was unearthed which lies in the . . . — Map (db m119801) HM
Turkey, Manisa (Alaşehir (district)), Alaşehir — St. Jean Kilisesi
Philadelpheia St. Jean Church (CA: A.D: 600) St. Jean Kilisesi — Map (db m119176) HM
Turkey, Manisa (Alaşehir (district)), Alaşehir — Yildirim Beyazit Mosque (1390 - 1400 AD) — Yıldırım Beyazıt Camii (M.1390 - M.1400)
English Text The Yildirim Beyazit Mosque, reflecting Ottoman architecture, located in Alasehir district of Manisa province. Construction of the mosque was started between the years 1390-1400 by the Ottoman sultan Yildirim . . . — Map (db m119167) HM
Turkey, Manisa (Salihli (district)), Sart — (Yakub'un) Boya Dükkáni / (Jacob's) Paint Shop
Turkish Text: E6-8 no''lu çok odalardan olusan dükkânin sahipleri boya isleriyle ugrasmaktaydi. E6 ve E7 no''lu odalarda, tastan yapilma havanlar ile yeniden kullanilmis borular ve muhtemelern torbalar içine doldurulmus sari, . . . — Map (db m119350) HM
Turkey, Manisa (Salihli (district)), Sart — Bath-Gymnasium Complex
English Text: Bathing was a part of an important Roman social tradition, which spread throughout the Roman Empire. That tradition emphasized the benefits of leisure and combined the pleasure of bathing in tepid, warm, and cold water . . . — Map (db m119407) HM
Turkey, Manisa (Salihli (district)), Sart — Boya Dükkán / Paint Shop
Turkish Text: Iki odali W/8-9 no''lu dükkân, muhtemelen boya üretim ve satis yeri olarak kullanilmistir. Her iki odaya da dogruca revaktan ulasilabiliyordu. Daha küçük olan W9 no''lu odanin tabani tuglalarla kapliydi ve olasilikla . . . — Map (db m119303) HM
Turkey, Manisa (Salihli (district)), Sart — Iron Crane
The crane was brought to Sardis in 1911 by the Howard Crosby Butler Expedition and was used for lifting and moving fallen architectural blocks during excavation of the temple of Artemis, 1910-1914. The crane was operated by hand, had a lifting . . . — Map (db m119416) HM
Turkey, Manisa (Salihli (district)), Sart — Lokantalar / Restaurants
Turkish Text: Hamamin güney girisinin her iki yaninda yer alan dükkânlar büyük bir olasilikla lokanta veya taverna olarak hizmet vermekteydi. W1-2 no''lu dükkânin kazisinda iki adet ocak yeri ve yiyecek kaplari elde edilmistir. W2 . . . — Map (db m119305) HM
Turkey, Manisa (Salihli (district)), Sart — Mesken / Residence
Turkish Text: E5 no''lu dükkânin küçük olmasi ve içinde ilginç ev objelerinin bulunmasi, buranin bir mesken olarak kullanildigina isaret etmektedir. Fevkalade enteresan objeler arasinda, uzun adimlarla yürüyen aslan seklinde, . . . — Map (db m119351) HM
Turkey, Manisa (Salihli (district)), Sart — Roman Avenue
English Text: This monumental Roman avenue was one of a series of important east-wes thoroughfares that passed through Sardis over a span of 2500 years. During the Lydian period (7th and 6th centuries BC), a road near here approached . . . — Map (db m119309) HM
Turkey, Manisa (Salihli (district)), Sart — Sardis
English Text: Sardis (Sardeis in Greek, Sfard- in Lydian, Sparda in Persian, Sart in Turkish) has been the name of the settlement here for more than 3,000 years. The earliest known occupation dates from the Late Bronze Age, c. 1400 BC, . . . — Map (db m119223) HM
Turkey, Manisa (Salihli (district)), Sart — Synagogue
English Text: This monumental synagogue occupied the southeast corner of the Roman bath-gymnasium and served as the center of a prosperous Jewish community during late antiquity. Discovered in 1962, the building is the largest known . . . — Map (db m119383) HM
Turkey, Manisa (Salihli (district)), Sart — Synagogue - Main Hall
English Text: Apse and Benches The curved wall of the apse was once pierced by three niches and two vaulted passageways. The openings were later blocked and the wall covered with bands of white and colored marble. Three tiers of . . . — Map (db m119405) HM
Turkey, Manisa (Salihli (district)), Sart — Synagogue Forecourt
English Text: Fountain The large krater or vase at the center of the forecourt is a replica of the marble original, a fountain where congregants washed before prayer. Water was supplied by terracotta pipes below the floor. An . . . — Map (db m119363) HM
Turkey, Manisa (Salihli (district)), Sart — Temple of Artemis: History and Ground Plan
English Text; The temple, one of the largest in the world, was originally dedicated to Artemis. It faced west like other Anatolian temples of Artemis such as those at Ephesus and Magnesia. The two complete columns have stood intact . . . — Map (db m119488) HM
Turkey, Manisa (Salihli (district)), Sart — The Altar of Artemis
English Text: The Altar of Artemis (or "Lydian Altar") is the oldest preserved building in the sanctuary of Artemis, and was the focus of its ritual and ceremony. It has two main building phases, one of which is older than the temple. . . . — Map (db m119504) HM
Turkey, Manisa (Salihli (district)), Sart — Tuvaletler / Latrines
Turkish Text: Sehrin geç antik dönemdeki yenilenmesi sirasinda, Hamam Gimnasium kompleksinin güneybati kösesine umumi tuvaletler nsa edilmistir. Tuvalet kapilarinin kuzeye ve doguya açilmasi, buranin, hem hamam müsterilerine hem de . . . — Map (db m119275) HM
Turkey, Muǧlai Province (Ortaca (district)), Dalyan — Caunus — Kaunos
English: " ...Harpagos, after subduing, Ionia, make an expedition against the Carians, Caunians and Lycians... " This statement informs us of the significance of Caunus with respect to ancient geography and political relations during . . . — Map (db m84257) HM
Turkey, Muǧlai Province (Ortaca (district)), Dalyan — The Domed Church — Kubbeli Kilise
English: It is one of the earliest and best preserved of its type in Anatolia. The date of the original construction of this church must be placed at the 6th century AD. It is an approximately square plan (14 x 14.5 m) and has three naves. . . . — Map (db m84567) HM
Turkey, Muǧlai Province (Ortaca (district)), Dalyan — The Roman Bath — Roma Hamami
English: This bath house is one of the best preserved examples which survive from the Roman Imperial Period. The building was originally planned as two complexes: the courtyard (palaestra) and the Bath House, both on the same axis with a . . . — Map (db m84566) HM
Turkey, Muǧlai Province (Ortaca (district)), Dalyan — Theater — Tiyatro
English: The Theater of Caunus, with a seating capacity for 5000 spectators, faces southwest, complying with the Anatolian tradition and follows Hellenistic tradition with respect to its plan. The Theatron (sic) having a diameter of 75 m and . . . — Map (db m84569) HM
Turkey, Muǧlai Province (Ortaca (district)), Dalyan — Theater Fountain — Tiyatro Çeşmesi
English: The theater fountain is located within vaulted niche of 11.85 m inserted into the supporting wall of the theater (Analemma). This fountain, without doubt, not only serves the audience of the games in the theater, but also to the . . . — Map (db m84568) HM
Turkey, Nevşehir Province (Avanos (district)), Avanos — Özkonak Underground Town — Özkonak Yeralti Şehri:
English: Underground towns, one of the most interesting assets among the cultural heritage of the region, are carved out of the relatively soft tufa. The main reason of existence for these town was to provide refuge during the recurring . . . — Map (db m84034) HM
Turkey, Nevşehir Province (Nevşehir (district)), Göreme — Çarıklı (Sandals) Church — Çarıklı Kilise — L’église Çarıklı / Die Çarıklı-Kirche —
English: This two columned church (two other columns being in the form of pillars), is cross vaulted, and has three apses and four domes. The well preserved frescoes show the life of Jesus, hospitality of Abraham, and images of the . . . — Map (db m84151) HM
Turkey, Nevşehir Province (Nevşehir (district)), Göreme — Chapel of St. Barbara — Azize Barbara Şapeli — La Chapelle de Sainte Barbe / Die St. Barbara-Kirche —
English: This church is situated behind the rock housing Elmalı (Apple) Church, It has a cruciform plan, with two columns. The north, south and west arms of the cruciform are barrel vaulted, and the centre, the east arm, and the east . . . — Map (db m84117) HM
Turkey, Nevşehir Province (Nevşehir (district)), Göreme — Chapel of St. Basil — Aziz Basıl Şapeli — La chapelle de Saint Basile / Die St. Basileus-Kapelle —
English: This church is situated at the entrance of the Göreme Open Air Museum. Graves are to be found in the columned narthex area. The nave is transversally rectangular and barrel vaulted, and has three apses situated on the left, long . . . — Map (db m84155) HM
Turkey, Nevşehir Province (Nevşehir (district)), Göreme — Chapel of St. Catherine — Azize Catherine Şapeli — La Chapelle Sainte Catherine / Die St. Katharine-Kirche —
English: Situated between the Karanlık (Dark) Church and the Çarıkı Church, the Chapel of St. Catherine has a free-cross nave and narthex. The central bay is covered by a dome and the cross arms are barrel-vaulted. Its apse is . . . — Map (db m84126) HM
Turkey, Nevşehir Province (Nevşehir (district)), Göreme — Elmalı (Apple) Church — Elmalı Kılıse — L’église Elmalı / Die Elmalı (Apfel)-Kirche —
English: This church featuring four columns, nine domes and three apses is of the closed cruciform type. Access to the church is through a tunnel on the north side. The original entrance was on the south side. The original decorations in . . . — Map (db m84152) HM
Turkey, Nevşehir Province (Nevşehir (district)), Göreme — Karanlık (Dark) Church — Karanlık Kilise — L’église Karanlık / Die Karanlık-Kirche —
English: To the north, a winding stairway leads into the rectangular, barrel vaulted narthex of the Dark Church. This church has a cruciform plan, the arms of which are cross vaulted. There is a center dome, with four columns and three . . . — Map (db m84121) HM
Turkey, Nevşehir Province (Nevşehir (district)), Göreme — Larder/Kitchen/Refectory — Kıler/Mutfak/Yemekhane — Les Dépots, Cuisines et Réfectories / Küchen-, Lager- und Eßräume —
English: These three areas lie side by side and are connected by passageways. The first section was used as a larder, with recesses hollowed from the rock being used as storage spaces. In the kitchen there is a “tandır”, a . . . — Map (db m84120) HM
Turkey, Nevşehir Province (Nevşehir (district)), Göreme — Nunnery and Monastery — Rahibeler ve Rahipler Manastırı — Les Couvents-Monastères / Die Mönchs-und Nonnenkloster —
English: The 6-7 storey rock mass to the left of the museum entrance is known as the “nunnery”. The dining hall, kitchen and some rooms on the first floor, together with the ruined chapel on the second level, can still be . . . — Map (db m84035) HM
Turkey, Nevşehir Province (Nevşehir (district)), Göreme — Tokalı (Buckle) Church — Tokalı Kılıse — L’église Tokalı (L’élise a la Boucle) / Die Tokalı -Kirche —
English: This is the oldest known rock-cut church in the region, and consists of four sections: the Old Church with one nave; the New Church; the Lower Church under the old church; and the Parecclesion to the north of the New Church. The . . . — Map (db m84156) HM
Turkey, Nevşehir Province (Nevşehir (district)), Göreme — Yılanlı (St. Onuphorius) Church — Yılanlı (Aziz Onuphrıus) Kılıse — L’eglise Yılanlı (Saint Onuphrius) / Die Yılani Oder St. Onouphrios-Kirche —
English: The main section is transversally rectangular and barrel vaulted, whereas the extended space to the south, which houses the graves, has a flat ceiling. The apse was hollowed out of the long wall on the left and the church was left . . . — Map (db m84119) HM

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