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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Israel

 
Tel Afeq - Antipatris Marker image, Touch for more information
By Dale K. Benington, March 9, 2013
Tel Afeq - Antipatris Marker
GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1Israel, Central District, Rosh Ha'ayin — Tel Afeq - Antipatris
Archaeological excavations at Tel Afeq have exposed layers of occupation dating from the Chalcolithic period (the fourth millennium B.C.E.) until the 20th century C.E. Strategically situated on the "Afeq Pass", a bottleneck between the headwaters of . . . Map (db m64309) HM
2Israel, Central District (Hefer Valley Regional Council), Avihayil — Lt. Col. John Henry Patterson
John Henry Patterson was born in Ireland on November 10, 1876. He was an Irish Protestant who had a thorough knowledge of the Bible, and was sympathetic to the Jewish people in biblical times and to the Zionist idea. He served in the British . . . Map (db m134674) HM
3Israel, Central District (Petach Tikva), Rosh Ha'ayin — The Egyptian Governor's Residence
This is the most complete of the six Late Bronze Age (Canaanite), 1550-1200 B.C.E. palaces excavated at Afeq. The ground floor is preserved in its entirety, while the stairway testifies to the existence of the now-destroyed upper storeys. . . . Map (db m64406) HM
4Israel, Central District (Petach Tikva), Rosh Ha'ayin — The Roman Cardoהקארדו הרומי
A remnant of the main street of the Roman city of Antipatris. "Cardo" is the name for the main north-south street of a Roman-era city. Shops lined the Cardo, and at its center it was connected to the Forum, the city's central square. Grooves can be . . . Map (db m64445) HM
5Israel, Haifa District, Acre — The Crusader Fortress of the Knights of the Hospital and the Ottoman-Turkish Citadel of Akko
On this site, in the 12th-13th century, towered the fortress of the Order of the Knights of the Hospital of Saint John (the "Hospitallers") who were based in Akko (Acre) until the Muslim conquest of the city in 1291. Over the ruins of the fortress, . . . Map (db m65456) HM
6Israel, Haifa District, Acre — The CrusadersUntil their arrival at Akko
On their way to Jerusalem in 1099, the Crusaders killed the Jewish 'infidels' and destroyed many communities, among which were in the communities of Speyer, Worms and Magenza. In memory of those who perished the prayer "Merciful Father" was . . . Map (db m65446) HM
7Israel, Haifa District, Akko — The Shrine and Mansion of Bahá’u’lláh
At the heart of this site is the Shrine of Bahá’u’lláh, the final resting place of the Founder of the Bahá’í Faith, regarded by Bahá’ís as the most holy spot on earth. Next to the Shrine stands the Mansion where Bahá’u’lláh resided from the summer . . . Map (db m79276) HM
8Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — A Collection of Architectural Artifacts
This garden presents a collection of architectural artifacts discovered during the excavation of Caesarea, or found by chance. The source of much of present day knowledge of the styles and building methods of the classical world of . . . Map (db m64466) HM
9Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — Architectural Elements
The gable, cornice, frieze and architrave are some of the architectural elements that were typical of the facades and other monumental structures. The ornamentation of these buildings changed according to the adopted style. In the Roman . . . Map (db m65175) HM
10Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — Column Capitals
In the Classical World, Planning and Aesthetics principles were clear and unambiguous. The Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian orders were elaborated by the Greeks and later, adopted by the Romans, with some variations. Each order bears its own rules and . . . Map (db m64499) HM
11Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — Dedicatory Inscriptionכתובת הקדשה
"(Po)ntius Pilatus, the prefect of Judaea, (erected) a (building dedicated) to (the emperor) Tiberius". Replica. The original inscription, found in secondary use during the excavations of the theater, is on display at the . . . Map (db m65173) HM
12Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — I Appeal Unto Caesar
"For if I be an offender, or have committed any thing worthy of death, I refuse not to die; but if there be none of these things whereof these accuse me, no man may deliver me unto them. I appeal unto Caesar. Then Festus, when he had . . . Map (db m64534) HM
13Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — King Herod's Hippodrome
"Herod built (...) on the south quarter, behind the port, an amphitheater also capable of holding a vast number of men and conveniently situated for a prospect to the sea" Josephus This edifice, whose location . . . Map (db m65176) HM
14Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — King Herod's 'Hippodrome'
This hippodrome (circus* in Latin), built in 10/9 B.C. by King Herod for the inauguration of the city, held horse - and chariot - races, athletics, gladiatorial combat and hunting games. Before falling into disuse at the end of the Roman period, the . . . Map (db m136047) HM
15Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — Sarcophagi
Sarcophagi (coffins in Greek) made of stone (granite, marble, limestone) lead or wood were widely used among different people including Jews, throughout the Greco-Roman world. Sarcophagus means "flesh eater". Stone coffins were made out of two . . . Map (db m64501) HM
16Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — Sarcophagus LidAdorned With a Gorgon's Head
This Sarcophagus lid is decorated at both ends by mythological Gorgon heads in relief. Marble The Late Roman period (2nd - 3rd centuries CE)Map (db m136545) HM
17Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Caesarea Nymphaeum
The nymphaeum was the public fountain that stood at the center of ancient Caesarea as one of the city's main monuments, and was situated at the intersection where the city's main street meets the Herodian port. The nymphaeum had a decorative . . . Map (db m136550) HM
18Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Chariot-RacesThe Meta Prima
The chariot races thrilled the crowds. The counterclockwise seven-lap race commenced at the starting gates (carceres) (1) and ended at a finishing line situated in front of the dignitaries' tribune (2). At each end of the axial rib . . . Map (db m64537) HM
19Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Chariot-RacesThe Carceres
From the starting gates (carceres), chariots dashed counterclockwise on a seven-lap race whose finishing line was situated in front of the officials' tribune. The sharp curve at the turning posts (meta prima and meta secunda), . . . Map (db m136054) HM
20Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Governor's Palace Baths
This bathhouse is the only important remain of the private wing of the Byzantine governor's palace, almost entirely destroyed by the construction of the medieval fortifications.Map (db m136543) HM
21Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Harbor "Sebastos"
The construction of the harbor was a far reaching enterprise, involving artificial islands built in the open sea and serving as bases for piers and breakwaters. Apparently, the raw materials and technology came with the Roman engineers sent by . . . Map (db m136547) HM
22Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Lower Palace
A refined palace with a swimming pool, once stood here. The sand only preserved its eastern wing, comprising a grand (dining?) complex: a central hall (Triclinium?) flanked by two small rooms on each side, all richly decorated, and provided with . . . Map (db m136035) HM
23Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Palace Vaults
These four long, parallel vaults, opening onto the west through a portico, first served as substructures of the Roman financial procurator's palace. In a later stage, a large ornamented hall was added in front of the vaults converted into warehouses.Map (db m136542) HM
24Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Promontory PalaceHerod's Palace & the Roman Praetorium
The edifice consists of two main units: the Lower Palace comprising the private wing, and the Upper Palace, housing the public wing. The latter, built around a large peristyle courtyard, was associated with the ruler's judicial and . . . Map (db m64517) HM
25Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Roman Well
Some sixty lead scroll fragments dating to the 4th. c. A.D., probably execrations tablets and binding spells, were recovered from this well, where they had been intentionally thrown as a magical practice. In his address on the dedication of the Holy . . . Map (db m64532) HM
26Israel, Haifa District, Caesarea — The Theaterהתיאטרון
The only remnants left from the Theater of Caesarea are rows of seats, the orchestra, the stage and the scene-frons which is an ornamental wall behind the stage. How did it look like? Comparisons show that it might resemble the facade of a two or . . . Map (db m64498) HM
27Israel, Haifa District, Haifa — ExodusThe Ship that launched a Nation.
The S.S. Exodus was an American Aliyah Bet ship crewed by American volunteers together with Haganah operatives from pre-state Israel. Her mission was to rescue Holocaust survivors trapped in Europe after the murder of 6 million Jews, bringing them . . . Map (db m134635) HM
28Israel, Haifa District, Haifa — The German Colony StoryDie Geschichte der deutschen Kolonie
The establishment of the German Colony in 1869 is a milestone in the history of Haifa's development. In the middle of a sparsely populated and largely barren land, laboring under deficient rule, hundreds of German settlers characterized by great . . . Map (db m79275) HM
29Israel, Haifa District, Haifa — The Shrine of the Báb Terraces and Gardens
On 21 March 1909 the mortal remains of the Báb, one of the Central Figures of the Bahá'í Faith, were interred in the Shrine that is the focal point of these gardens. Martyred in Iran in 1850, the Báb had devoted Himself to preparing the way for . . . Map (db m79010) HM
30Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — A Public Grain Silo
A public grain silo from the time of King Jeroboam II (8th century BCE). The silo had a capacity of 450 cubic meters. Straw found between the stones attests to the function of the installation.Map (db m65196) HM
31Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — A Unique Continuity
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: The deep section dug by the University of Chicago Expedition (1925-1939) provides a unique glimpse into the nearly thirty settlements built one on top of the other at the site. Due to the unique . . . Map (db m64908) HM
32Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — From Megiddo to Armageddon
The city of Megiddo played a prominent role in the history of the ancient Near East. Strategically located at the mouth of the Nahal Iron Pass, Megiddo controlled access to the road that linked Egypt with Mesopotamia and Anatolia - the most . . . Map (db m64782) HM
33Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — Schumaker's Excavations
The first excavations at Tel Megiddo were directed by Gottlieb Schumacher on behalf of the Deutscher Palastina-Verein, between 1903 and 1905. After excavating the Tempelburg ('temple-fortress') in the eastern section of the mound, . . . Map (db m65019) HM
34Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — Tel Megiddo National ParkWorld Heritage Site — The Biblical Tels - Megiddo, Hazor, Beer Sheba —
The biblical tels of Megiddo, Hazor and Beer Sheba were inscribed in 2005 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as World Heritage Sites with outstanding universal value. They are fitting representatives of . . . Map (db m64811) HM
35Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The City-Gate(The Late Bronze Period)
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: The Late Bronze period (1550-1150 B.C.) is marked by Egyptian rule of Canaan. At that time, Megiddo was one of the country's major city-states and its king a loyal vassal of the Egyptian pharaoh. . . . Map (db m64821) HM
36Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The City-Gate(The Iron II Period)
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: Megiddo became an Israelite city sometime between the 10th and 9th centuries B.C., and functioned as an administrative center for he fertile Jezreel Valley. Some time later, a massive wall (1) and a . . . Map (db m64882) HM
37Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The Northern Palace
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: The foundations of this palace, first investigated by Y. Yadin in 1960, are presently being excavated by 'The Megiddo Expedition'. The edifice was apparently laid out as a bit hilani (North . . . Map (db m64898) HM
38Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The Northern Stables
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: Architectural complexes dating from the same period (9th or 8th c. B.C.) and of similar design were found near the northern and southern edges of the mound. Through the years they variously . . . Map (db m64889) HM
39Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The Sacred Area
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: This area served as a focus of worship for over two thousand years, from the Early Bronze through the Iron I periods. The University of Chicago excavation section a series of temples (1, 3-5) built . . . Map (db m64985) HM
40Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The Southern Palace
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: An elaborate ashlar-built palace (1) stood near the southern edge of the mound. A monumental entrance (2) - the only visible remains still standing - led to the courtyard (3). Like the northern . . . Map (db m65198) HM
41Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The Southern Stables
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: The southern stables' five units could accommodate 150 horses. As in the northern complex, each unit consists of a rectangular building divided into three sections by two rows of alternating pillars . . . Map (db m65204) HM
42Israel, Haifa District, Megiddo — The Water System
[Text on the Left Side of the Marker]: The problem of supplying water to large cities, a serious issue even in times of peace, could become acute in times of siege. Megiddo's main water source was located at the foot of the mound, beyond . . . Map (db m65215) HM
43Israel, Haifa District, Sdot Yam — Caesarea / קיסריה
On this site of what was once a Phoenician town, Stratos Tower, King Herod (37-4 BCE) built a resplendent city and named it Caesarea in honor of his patron, Augustus Caesar. Its inhabitants – Romans, Samaritan, and Jews – enjoyed the . . . Map (db m146243) HM
44Israel, Haifa District (Hadera), Sdot Yam — Caesarea in the Middle Ages / Crusader Fortifications
Caesarea in the Middle Ages In the course of the 7th century, Caesarea's population started to decrease. Large areas of the city were abandoned, and were used only as burial grounds and as a source of building stones. The perimeter . . . Map (db m164466) HM
45Israel, Haifa District (Hadera), Sdot Yam — Caesarea: City, Harbor
Caesarea was founded by King Herod in the late 1st century BCE as a port city and the maritime gateway to his kingdom. Its name reflected its character: a typical Roman city, offering entertainment and pleasures, food and amusements. The . . . Map (db m164467) HM
46Israel, Haifa District (Hadera), Sdot Yam — Corinthian Capitals
During the Roman and Byzantine periods (the 1st to 7th centuries CE), the cities of Palestine were adorned with columned streets, plazas, temples, churches, entertainment buildings and bathhouses that were erected in the best classical . . . Map (db m164468) HM
47Israel, Haifa District (Hadera), Sdot Yam — Fragments of an Inscribed Coenice
This cornice was part of the roofing system (entablature) of a monumental building. It was adorned on both sides with geometric and floral motifs using the Corinthian order, the prevailing architectural-artistic style in Asia Minor in the . . . Map (db m164790) HM
48Israel, Haifa District (Hadera), Sdot Yam — History of the Compound
The Palace was erected in several stages and underwent various alterations. At the end of the Roman period, the role of the whole area changed. The Upper Palace was partitioned into private swellings, before being abandoned at the end of . . . Map (db m166811) HM
49Israel, Haifa District (Hadera), Sdot Yam — Inscribed Sarcophagus adorned with Garlands
A sarcophagus adored with garlands, whose carving was not complete. The broken part at its upper end indicates that the sarcophagus had been looted in antiquity. Inscribed on its lid is a funerary inscription, saying that Alypis, husband . . . Map (db m164793) HM
50Israel, Haifa District (Hadera), Sdot Yam — Inscribed Stones / Sarcophagi
Inscribed Stones In Caesarea, the streets, the public buildings and the burial tombs were all decorated with dedication inscriptions. During the first three-hundred years of the first millennium CE, Latin was the most used language . . . Map (db m164792) HM
51Israel, Haifa District (Hadera), Sdot Yam — MithraeumShrine of the Persian God Mithras
In the early 2nd c. A.D., one vault was converted into a "Mithraeum". The contrast between the dark vault and the shaft of sunlight reaching directly the altar from the opening in the ceiling, played a role in the cult of Mithras, known . . . Map (db m164813) HM
52Israel, Haifa District (Hadera), Sdot Yam — Power and Control
The Praetorium was the symbol of power and control. Offices as well as police and guard rooms were located at the eastern side of the Upper Palace. Within sight of the hippodrome and the theater, the palace subtly reminded the crowds of . . . Map (db m166810) HM
53Israel, Haifa District (Hadera), Sdot Yam — Roman Bathhouse
These are the remains of a public bathhouse that stood close to the harbor pier. It was a service provided for seafarers, along with port facilities like trading posts, repairs, storage and maintenance. Water was piped into the hot . . . Map (db m164808) HM
54Israel, Haifa District (Hadera), Sdot Yam — Sarcophagus adorned with Rosettes
A very large sarcophagus simply decorated. It has a gabled lid, with two trapezoidal or triangular “handles” protruding at both ends, adorned with rosettes in relief. Marble – The Late Roman period (2nd – 3rd . . . Map (db m164805) HM
55Israel, Haifa District (Hadera), Sdot Yam — Tavern
One of the vaults of this two-story twin building abutting the Byzantine governor's palace served in its last stage as a tavern. The vaults served either as warehouses, corridors or substructures for the upper story. . . . Map (db m166213) HM
56Israel, Haifa District (Hadera), Sdot Yam — The Bathhouse
In the Byzantine period - fourth to seventh centuries C.E. - Caesarea's population grew. The city expanded, and public buildings were erected on the remains of the hippodrome constructed by King Herod. Opposite, one can see remains of a . . . Map (db m166214) HM
57Israel, Haifa District (Hadera), Sdot Yam — The Heart of Caesarea
For seafarers entering the harbor of Caesarea, their first encounter with the vibrant city was the splendid temple dedicated to Caesar Augustus and the goddess Roma, soaring above a massive platform supported by impressive vaults. Over . . . Map (db m164810) HM
58Israel, Haifa District (Israel), Haifa — Raoul Wallenberg's Residence
Raoul Wallenberg, a "Righteous Among the Nations", lived in this building in 1936, while working in the Holland Bank office in Haifa's lower downtown area. In 1944, he was sent by the Swedish government as a diplomat to Hungary and . . . Map (db m115458) HM
59Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Absalom's Tomb
This splendid burial monument dates to the end of the Second temple period. The lower part of the monument is hewn and the upper part is constructed. The name derives from the biblical verse that tells of Absalom's construction of a monument for . . . Map (db m63866) HM
60Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Achish, Ruler of Ekron
English Translation of Text on Marker: The temple which he built, Achish (Ikausu) son of Padi, son of YSD, son Ada, son of Ya'ir, ruler of Ekron, for PTGYH his lady. May she bless him, and protect him, and prolong his days, and bless his . . . Map (db m142015) HM
61Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Beit Hatzofeh LookoutA Journey to the Source
"Jerusalem, hills enfold it, and the Lord enfolds his people now and forever" (Psalms 125:2) Jerusalem was first established on the hill on which you are now standing almost 4,000 years ago, during the Canaanite . . . Map (db m63924) HM
62Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Cave 24Ketef Hinnom — Archaeological Garden —
English Text: This is the most remarkable cave at this site, as it contains some of the most important archaeological finds in Jerusalem. The plan of room on the right is rectangular, measuring 2.0 x 3.7 meters. Three raised burial . . . Map (db m141531) HM
63Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Double Gate Monumental Stairs and Observation Plaza
The Restoration Project of the Second Temple Period Double Gate Monumental Stairs and Observation PlazaMap (db m63963) HM
64Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Gethsemane
Garden of Olives Jesus went out with his disciples across the Kidron valley to a place where there was a garden, which he and his disciples entered. (Gospel of John 18:1) “Gethsemane, a place where the Savior prayed before . . . Map (db m44596) HM
65Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Jaffa GateOld City Jerusalem
[Text in Hebrew …] [Text in English:] Jaffa Gate is the westernmost of the gates in the walls of Jerusalem. It is so named as the starting point of the road to Jaffa port. Its Arabic name, Bab al-Khalil, meaning “Hebron . . . Map (db m44853) HM
66Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Jehoshaphat's Caveמערת יהושפט — مغارة يهوشافاط —
This is a burial complex from the Second Temple period. The facade of the cave features the relief of a gable resembling the roof facade of a sacred building. The decorative style is drawn from Hellenistic art, which influenced Jewish burial . . . Map (db m63932) HM
67Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Ketef Hinnom
The Burial Caves date from the First Temple Period. Throughout many generations, they served affluent Jerusalem families as a location to bury their dead. The deceased was placed on a stone slab with a special indentation for the head. At the end of . . . Map (db m63881) HM
68Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Latin Dedicatory Inscription
Latin Text that appears on Stone: ... )s Tiberivm ... Pon)tivs Pilatvs ... Praef)ectvsivda(ea) English Translation of Text, provided, but not seen on Stone: ... building in . . . Map (db m88742) HM
69Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Machal / מח"לVolunteers from Abroad
During Israel’s War of Independence, 1948-49, more than 4,800 volunteers, including 168 Christians, came from 59 countries to Israel’s aid. Some had served as crew on the 10 American-purchased Aliyah Bet ships that brought so many Holocaust . . . Map (db m134663) HM
70Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Mishkenot Sheananim
English Text: This was the first Jewish neighborhood built outside the walls of the old city of Jerusalem (1860). It was successfully defended by the Haganah during the disturbances of 1929, 1936-1939 and during the War of Independence. . . . Map (db m141985) HM
71Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Ritual Baths and Water Conduits
The Restoration Project of the Second Temple period Ritual Baths and Water Conduits in the area south of the Temple Mount Enclosure Map (db m63951) HM
72Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Stephen Theodore Norman, 1918-1946. Last descendent of Theodor HerzlYou will be amazed at the Jewish Youth in Palestine... They have the look of freedom.
"You will be amazed at Jewish youth in Palestine...they have the look of freedom." Stephen Theodore Norman, 1918-1946. Last descendent of Theodor Herzl. Stephen Norman was the grandson of Theodor Herzl and his last descendent. Born in Vienna, . . . Map (db m134639) HM
73Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — The Burnt Room and the House of the BullaeDestruction and Ruin
"He burned the House of the Lord, the king's palace, and all the houses of Jerusalem; he burned down the house of every notable person." (II Kings 25: 9) This residential quarter went up in flames with the rest of . . . Map (db m63933) HM
74Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — The CrucifixionAt Golgatha, The Place of the Skull
Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified and they took Jesus, and led him away. And he bearing the cross went forth into a place called Golgatha where they crucified him and two other with him, on either side one, and Jesus in . . . Map (db m95071) HM
75Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — The House of Ahielבית אחיאל
Here Dwells Ahiel in a Four Room House "He (David) had houses made for himself in the City of David..." (1 Chronicles15: 1) The name 'Ahiel' appears on potsherds found among the ruins of this house. The House . . . Map (db m65296) HM
76Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — The Large Stone StructureThe Remains of King David's Palace? — מבנה האבן הגדול —
"And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar - trees, and carpenters, and masons; and they built David a house" (II Samuel 5: 11) Excavations in progress at this site since May 2005 conducted by Eilat Mazar, . . . Map (db m64064) HM
77Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — The Pool of Shiloah (Siloam)Second Temple Splendor
"The other events of Hezekiah's reign, and all his exploits, and all his exploits, and how he made the pool and the conduit and brought the water into the city, are recorded in the Annals of the Kings of Judah" (II Kings 20:20) . . . Map (db m63905) HM
78Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — The Priestly BlessingKetef Hinnom — Archaeological Garden —
English Text: Two smaller silver objets were discovered in the bone repository, rolled up like tiny scrolls, to be worn as amulets. After the scrolls were unrolled, it emerged that they were made of pure silver, measured 27 x 97 . . . Map (db m141591) HM
79Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — The Royal Quarter (Area G)
"...the city shall be rebuilt on its mound, and the fortress in its proper place" (Jeremiah 30:18) The inhabitants of ancient Jerusalem once built their homes on this hillside. The earliest structure unearthed here . . . Map (db m63928) HM
80Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — The Water System(Warren's Shaft) — Into the Depths of the Earth Through the Ancient Water System —
"And David said on that day: 'Whosoever smiteth the Jebusites, and getteth up to the gutter...'" (II Samuel 5:8) We are standing at the entrance to a subterranean water system. The Gihon Spring was Jerusalem's main . . . Map (db m63947) HM
81Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Tombs from the First Temple PeriodKetef Hinnom — Menachem Begin Heritage Center —
English Text: Seven burial caves from the late First Temple period were found at the site. The caves, which were hewn into the cliff above which the Scottish Church of St. Andrew was built, were found partially destroyed by later . . . Map (db m141978) HM
82Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Western WallTemple Mount — Old City of Jerusalem —
The Divine presence never moves from the Western Wall. Jewish tradition teaches that the Temple Mount is the focal point of Creation. In the center of the mountain lies the “Foundation Stone” of the world. Here Adam came . . . Map (db m44722) HM
83Israel, Jerusalem District, Jerusalem — Departure and Expulsion Memorial
With the birth of the State of Israel, over 850,000 Jews were forced from Arab Lands and Iran. The desperate refugees were welcomed by Israel. By Act of the Knesset: Nov. 30, annually, is the Departure and Expulsion Memorial Day.Map (db m174577) HM
84Israel, Jerusalem District (Mateh Yehuda Regional Council), Srigim — Tel Azekah
Ancient Azeka, an important fortified city in the geographical jurisdiction of the Tribe of Judah, dominated one of the routes from the lowlands to the Judean Mountains. It is mentioned in the scriptures in relation to Joshua's wars against the . . . Map (db m135460) HM
85Israel, Judea and Samaria Area (Tamar Regional Council), Ein Gedi — Ahava Mineral Salts Hooper
Displayed here is Ahava's original filling instrument. Since Ahava factory opened in 1988, this tool has been utilized to fill 284,770 salt bags, 339 25 kilogram salt sacks and 729 5 kilogram salt buckets. In 1992 it officially retired and was . . . Map (db m132155) HM
86Israel, Northern District, Beit She'an — Gateway to Paradise
English Text: The summer months pulsate with heat in the Bet-She'an Valley. At its heart, in the ancient city of Bet-She'an, were discovered the remains of bathhouses, fountains, and ornamental pools - echoes of a past rich in water . . . Map (db m141501) HM
87Israel, Northern District, Beit She'an — Monument / Nymphaeum / Temple
English Text: Monument The purpose of this lavish structure is uncertain; it may have served as a central monument. Together with the surrounding buildings, it collapsed in the earthquake of 749 C.E. Nymphaeum Splendid . . . Map (db m141528) HM
88Israel, Northern District, Beit She'an — The Last Days of Scythopolis
English Text: Roman Bet-She'an, known as Nyssa Scythopolis, became Christian, reaching its golden age in the 6th century C.E. In the 7th century, Muslims settled in the city, once again changing its character. One day in the year 749, an . . . Map (db m141502) HM
89Israel, Northern District, Beit She'an — The Splendor of the City
English Text: In the Roman period, during the 2nd century C.E., the monumental center of Bet-She'an was built into the valley at the foot of the tell. Roman style and workmanship were applied in constructing public buildings, which were . . . Map (db m141513) HM
90Israel, Northern District, Migdal — Discoveries at MagdalaMagdala is a place of many treasures
English Text: The Magdala stone: A three-dimensional model of the Temple on which the holy scrolls were placed, was found inside the synagogue. Four miqva'ot: Purification baths fed by underground water sources are unique compared . . . Map (db m140979) HM
91Israel, Northern District, Migdal — Domestic Housing Area
The architecture of this area allows us to distinguish two streets that separate three structures following the same symmetric layout as the rooms located west. They are constructed from local materials: the walls are made of roughly hewn basalt . . . Map (db m140515) HM
92Israel, Northern District, Migdal — History of Magdalac. 200 BC / c. 20-60 AD / 67 AD / c. 100 AD / c. 200 AD
English Text: c. 200 BC Magdala is established, likely through Hasmonean influence (Jewish families), during the Hellenistic period. c. 20-60 AD Magdala develops from a small village into a prosperous city known for fish . . . Map (db m140983) HM
93Israel, Northern District, Migdal — History of Magdalac. 1500 AD / 1885-1910 AD / 1948 AD / 2006-2009 AD
English Text: c. 1500 AD Between the earthquake of 363 and the crusader period, the southern part of Magdala witnesses a progressive decrease and multiple variations. It eventually becomes a small Arab village during Mamluk and . . . Map (db m141302) HM
94Israel, Northern District, Migdal — House of Miqwa'ot
This ritual space stands out due to its mosaic floor that is made of thousands of colored tesserae. A white background, framed by a black meander pattern surrounded by an orange rectangle, emphasizes the image of a rosette in the central panel, . . . Map (db m140534) HM
95Israel, Northern District, Migdal — House of Miqwa'ot
The main axis of this complex is a north-south street that divides two buildings. There are two types of contexts here: housing units in the southern area are constructed simply with blocks of basalt stone and limestone walls. To the east ands west . . . Map (db m140857) HM
96Israel, Northern District, Migdal — House of Miqwa'ot
The building has peculiar architectural elements, and the existence of groundwater was key for locating the miqwa'ot. The analysis of the architectural plan and the building system suggests that this ritual space on the outside had similar . . . Map (db m140867) HM
97Israel, Northern District, Migdal — House of Miqwa'ot
The Jewish communities of Israel in the Second Temple period used unique water installations called miqwa'ot, which enabled them to maintain ritual purity. According to the Halakhah (Jewish law), religious people should immerse into . . . Map (db m140973) HM
98Israel, Northern District, Migdal — Magdala's Hall of FameFamous feet walked these shores
English Texts: Magdala was the hometown of Mary Magdalene - one of Jesus' most faithful followers. Luke 4:15, Matthew 4:23; 9:35; Mark 1:39 "Jesus went throughout all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the good . . . Map (db m140982) HM
99Israel, Northern District, Migdal — Market
The architectural features of this area denote a public building identified with commercial activities. A North - South street leads to the synagogue and provides the only access to spaces with an additional eastern access to another structures. . . . Map (db m141363) HM
100Israel, Northern District, Nazareth — Architectural Elements of the Church-Synagogue
The stones exhumed form the fill beneath the mosaic floors of the Byzantine building (IV-V century) can be classified: (1) bases, more or less preserved, often having traces of plaster; (2) imposts of a double-arch with a beautifully worked cornice; . . . Map (db m139218) HM

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Jun. 23, 2021